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Gender-based violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140759/adult-profiles-of-child-sexual-abuse-survivors-attachment-insecurity-sexual-compulsivity-and-sexual-avoidance
#1
Chloe Labadie, Natacha Godbout, Marie-Pier Vaillancourt-Morel, Stéphane Sabourin
The present study examined the possibility of different groups of CSA survivors based on their different patterns of attachment and sexual problems. A sample of 324 CSA survivors and 484 participants who did not report any child maltreatment experiences completed online questionnaires. A cluster analysis on attachment and sexual outcomes revealed that CSA survivors formed two distinct profiles. The first profile included CSA survivors with elevated attachment anxiety and low to moderate scores on attachment avoidance, sexual compulsion, and sexual avoidance...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#2
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124944/human-rights-of-refugee-survivors-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-with-communication-disability
#3
Julie Marshall, Helen Barrett
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948 ) states that all people have the right to seek, receive and impart information using any means. Ensuring that people with communication disability achieve this right is inherently challenging. For people with communication disability, who are refugee-survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), additional human rights are challenged, including the right to education, protection from discrimination, a safe place to live, security of person and legal protection...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111920/unwanted-pregnancy-pregnancy-loss-and-other-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#4
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098071/the-use-of-the-clinical-ethnographic-narrative-interview-to-understand-and-support-help-seeking-after-gender-based-violence
#5
Denise M Saint Arnault
Gender-based violence (GBV), characterized by the abduction or rape of women and girls to humiliate, intimidate, and traumatize them and their communities, is a profoundly disturbing tactic in international conflict. Long after armed conflict has ended, survivors continue to experience physical injuries, psychological trauma, and social and cultural stigma. Guilt, shame, and continued interpersonal violence can become a normalized part of daily life, significantly challenging the road to healing and recovery...
September 2017: TPM. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095127/social-contexts-and-hiv-vulnerabilities-among-south-asian-women-in-the-greater-toronto-area-examining-social-norms
#6
Roula Hawa, Angela Underhill, Carmen Logie, Mona Loutfy
We explored how social norms interact with beliefs and social structures (power relations, emotional relations, and gendered division of labour) to influence the experiences of South Asian women with HIV in Canada. The first author conducted semi-structured interviews, and identified five themes using thematic analysis: connection to community/religious institutions, family honour, and restrained/prohibited discussion of sexuality. These norms reproduce hegemonic masculinity; constrain women's social, relational, and economic power; and elevate HIV vulnerability...
November 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088920/-some-men-just-don-t-want-to-get-hurt-perspectives-of-u-s-virgin-islands-men-toward-partner-violence-and-hiv-risks
#7
Kamila A Alexander, Noelle M St Vil, Marilyn A Braithwaite-Hall, Michael Sanchez, Aletha Baumann, Gloria B Callwood, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Doris W Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Global evidence suggests that individuals who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) can have accelerated risk for HIV transmission. The U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) has high per capita rates of HIV and IPV that can have devastating effects on women's health. Catalysts for these health disparities may be shaped by cultural and social definitions of conventional masculinity. Thus, understanding USVI men's perceptions about HIV risks and IPV are a necessary component of developing strategies to improve women's health...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082023/decriminalisation-of-gender-based-violence-is-a-global-health-problem
#8
EDITORIAL
Jenevieve Mannell, Sarah Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073914/measuring-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-a-review-of-terminology-and-methodological-approaches
#9
REVIEW
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073222/maternal-experience-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-low-birth-weight-of-children-a-hospital-based-study-in-bangladesh
#10
Jannatul Ferdos, Md Mosfequr Rahman
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most prevalent form of gender-based violence worldwide. IPV either before or during pregnancy has been documented as a risk factor for the health of the mother and her unborn child. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal experience of IPV and low birth weight (LBW). STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based survey was conducted among women in the postnatal wards of a large public hospital at Rajshahi, Bangladesh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069102/enduring-impact-of-conflict-on-mental-health-and-gender-based-violence-perpetration-in-bougainville-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Rachel Jewkes, Nwabisa Jama-Shai, Yandisa Sikweyiya
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is often exacerbated by war, but most civilian research has investigated short term impact. We describe the conflict experiences of men and women from the general population of Bougainville Papua New Guinea, perceptions of the enduring impact of conflict, and the associations between these and the major health and development problems on the islands: mental ill-health and violence against women. METHODS: Fourteen years after the end of the decade long civil war, we conducted a household survey with a random sample of adult (n = 864) men and (n = 879) women living in Bougainville...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051840/syrian-refugee-women-s-health-in-lebanon-turkey-and-jordan-and-recommendations-for-improved-practice
#12
Goleen Samari
Since 2011, an estimated nine million Syrian refugees have fled to neighboring countries, and over four million have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan. Seventy five percent of Syrian refugees are women and children. In times of conflict, women's health disproportionately suffers. Based on an assessment of academic literature and international policy and development reports, this study explores the vulnerabilities of Syrian women and girls in Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan, and how these countries approach Syrian refugee women's health care...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#13
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#14
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043890/-yeah-i-ve-grown-i-can-t-go-out-anymore-differences-in-perceived-risks-between-girls-and-boys-entering-adolescence
#15
Kristin Mmari, Caroline Moreau, Susannah Emily Gibbs, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Caroline W Kabiru, Bamidele Bello, Adesegun Fatusi, Chaohua Lou, Xiayun Zuo, Chunyan Yu, Ghada S T Al-Attar, Omaima El-Gibaly
This analysis is based on data from the Global Early Adolescent Study, which aims to understand the factors that predispose young people aged 10-14 years to positive or negative health trajectories. Specifically, interview transcripts from 202 adolescents and 191 parents across six diverse urban sites (Baltimore, Ghent, Nairobi, Ile Ife, Assuit and Shanghai) were analysed to compare the perceived risks associated with entering adolescence and how these risks differed by gender. Findings reveal that in all sites except Ghent, both young people and their parents perceived that girls face greater risks related to their sexual and reproductive health, and because of their sexual development, were perceived to require more protection...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019874/injury-patterns-among-various-age-and-gender-groups-of-trauma-patients-in-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Hamid Reza Abbasi, Mehrdad Anvar
Administrative data from trauma referral centers are useful sources while studying epidemiologic aspects of injuries. We aimed to provide a hospital-based view of injuries in Shiraz considering victims' age and gender, using administrative data from trauma research center.A cross-sectional registry-based study of adult trauma patients (age ≥15 years) sustaining injury through traffic accidents, violence, and unintentional incidents was conducted. Information was retrieved from 3 hospital administrative databases...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973358/hiv-aids-national-strategic-plans-of-sub-saharan-african-countries-an-analysis-for-gender-equality-and-sex-disaggregated-hiv-targets
#17
Jennifer Sherwood, Alana Sharp, Bergen Cooper, Beirne Roose-Snyder, Susan Blumenthal
National Strategic Plans (NSPs) for HIV/AIDS are country planning documents that set priorities for programmes and services, including a set of targets to quantify progress toward national and international goals. The inclusion of sex-disaggregated targets and targets to combat gender inequality is important given the high disease burden among young women and adolescent girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, yet no comprehensive gender-focused analysis of NSP targets has been performed. This analysis quantitatively evaluates national HIV targets, included in NSPs from eighteen Sub-Saharan African countries, for sex-disaggregation...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965098/study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-rape-on-women-s-health-and-their-use-of-health-services-in-south-africa
#18
Naeemah Abrahams, Soraya Seedat, Carl Lombard, Andre P Kengne, Bronwyn Myers, Alesha Sewnath, Shibe Mhlongo, Gita Ramjee, Nasheeta Peer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Rachel Jewkes
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is a country known for its high levels of HIV infection and sexual violence. Although the interface between gender-based violence, HIV and mental health has been described, there are substantial gaps in knowledge of the medium-term and long-term health impact. The 2010 Global Burden of Disease study excluded many health outcomes associated with rape and other forms of gender-based violence because systematic reviews revealed huge gaps in data and poor evidence of health effects...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961551/vulnerability-and-revictimization-victim-characteristics-in-a-dutch-assault-center
#19
E Zijlstra, G Esselink, M L Moors, S LoFoWong, G Hutschemaekers, A Lagro-Janssen
Sexual and family violence are highly prevalent problems with numerous negative health consequences. Assault centres, such as the Centre for Sexual and Family Violence (CSFV) in the Netherlands, have been set up to provide optimal care to victims. We wanted to gain insight into characteristics of the population that presented to the Centre in order to customize care to their needs. File analysis was conducted of victims who attended the CSFV between 2013 and 2016. Data were analyzed in SPSS. A total of 121 victims entered the Centre, 93% of them being female...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961496/criminal-justice-involvement-of-crack-cocaine-users-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-and-greater-metropolitan-area-implications-for-public-health-and-the-public-security-agenda
#20
Lidiane Toledo, Ignácio Cano, Leonardo Bastos, Neilane Bertoni, Francisco Inacio Bastos
BACKGROUND: The international literature has expressed different and sometimes contrasting perspectives when addressing criminal involvement by crack cocaine users, highlighting psychopharmacological aspects, the cycles of craving and pressing economic need, and the interplay with overall deprivation and structural violence. The current study aims to identify variables associated with the arrest and imprisonment of regular crack cocaine users. METHODS: Interviewees were recruited from open drug scenes in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Greater Metropolitan Area from September 2011 to June 2013...
September 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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