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Gender-based violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342623/mother-newborn-health-indicators-in-possible-victims-of-gender-based-violence-during-pregnancy
#1
Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases the risk of gender-based violence, considered an underdiagnosed public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the situation of possible gender-based violence in the pregnant woman and variables related to pregnancy, labor, puerperium, and newborn health. DESIGN: An observational multicenter study. SETTINGS: Three Spanish hospitals during 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 141 pregnant women in which information is collected sociodemographic variables and data related to pregnancy, labor, and puerperium were gathered by interview and from clinical records...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327416/associations-between-adolescent-experiences-of-violence-in-malawi-and-gender-based-attitudes-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#2
Vira Ameli, Franziska Meinck, Alistair Munthali, Boniface Ushie, Lisa Langhaug
Little is known about adolescent exposure to and factors associated with violence in Malawi. The aim of this research was to describe the prevalence of exposure to violence among adolescents in Malawi, and test the hypotheses that such exposures are associated with gender-based violent attitudes, and with internalizing and externalizing problems. In 2014, 561 primary school pupils were interviewed (50% girls), and logistic regression analysis was performed on gender-stratified data, adjusting for sociodemographic differences...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319694/sexual-trauma-is-more-strongly-associated-with-tonic-immobility-than-other-types-of-trauma-a-population-based-study
#3
Juliana Kalaf, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Liliane Maria Pereira Vilete, Mariana Pires Luz, William Berger, Mauro Mendlowicz, Eliane Volchan, Sergio Baxter Andreoli, Maria Inês Quintana, Jair de Jesus Mari, Ivan Figueira
BACKGROUND: Tonic immobility is an involuntary motor and vocal inhibition reaction, considered the last-ditch response of the defensive cascade model. It is elicited in context of inescapable threat and perception of entrapment. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic events and peritraumatic tonic immobility (PTI) in a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of general population from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo with 3231 victims of traumatic events aged 15-75 years who completed the Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#4
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#5
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#6
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryant
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276920/getting-men-in-the-room-perceptions-of-effective-strategies-to-initiate-men-s-involvement-in-gender-based-violence-prevention-in-a-global-sample
#7
Erin A Casey, Cliff Leek, Richard M Tolman, Christopher T Allen, Juliana M Carlson
As engaging men in gender-based violence prevention efforts becomes an increasingly institutionalised component of gender equity work globally, clarity is needed about the strategies that best initiate male-identified individuals' involvement in these efforts. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived relevance and effectiveness of men's engagement strategies from the perspective of men around the world who have organised or attended gender-based violence prevention events. Participants responded to an online survey (available in English, French and Spanish) and rated the effectiveness of 15 discrete engagement strategies derived from earlier qualitative work...
February 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272353/differential-influences-of-parenting-dimensions-and-parental-physical-abuse-during-childhood-on-overweight-and-obesity-in-adolescents
#8
Thomas Mößle, Sören Kliem, Anna Lohmann, Marie Christine Bergmann, Dirk Baier
Besides other explanatory variables, parenting styles and parental violence might also be responsible for setting a path towards overweight/obesity in childhood. While this association has consistently been observed for adults, findings for adolescents still remain scarce and inconsistent. Therefore, the goal of this study is to add evidence on this topic for children and adolescents. Analyses are based on a sample of 1729 German, ninth-grade students. To analyze associations between parenting dimensions and weight status, non-parametric conditional inference trees were applied...
March 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245806/-hu-hong-bad-thing-parental-perceptions-of-teenagers-sexuality-in-urban-vietnam
#9
Lan Anh Thi Do, Pimpawun Boonmongkon, Seung Chun Paek, Thomas E Guadamuz
BACKGROUND: Teenagers under 18 years old in Vietnam are considered as minors who usually lack the autonomy to make decisions. They are also sometimes viewed as contributors to social evils including crime, violence and substance use. Moreover, most Vietnamese teenagers have unsafe sex before marriage. The objective of this study is to explore the parental perceptions relating to their teenagers' sexuality, particularly the social and cultural forces, that may hinder access to sexuality information...
February 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237897/exploring-the-associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-during-pregnancy-and-delayed-entry-into-prenatal-care-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-bangladesh
#10
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird, Paul Mazerolle
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy can have serious health consequences for mothers and newborns. The aim of the study is to explore: 1) the influence of experiencing IPV during pregnancy on delayed entry into prenatal care; and 2) whether women's decision-making autonomy and the support for traditional gender roles act to mediate or moderate the relationship between IPV and delayed entry into prenatal care. DESIGN: cross-sectional survey...
February 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#11
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#13
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#14
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176644/sexual-and-gender-based-violence-attitudes-and-experiences-among-nine-sub-saharan-african-militaries
#15
Vienna Nightingale, Bonnie Tran, Judith Harbertson, Antonio Langa, Michael Grillo, Olivier Kalombo, Anne Thomas
INTRODUCTION: While sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is recognized as an important factor driving the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, attitudes toward and prevalence of SGBV within sub-Saharan African military populations are unknown. Data on SGBV were collected from military service members of nine sub-Saharan African militaries. Attitudes related to SGBV and characteristics of those who commit and experience SGBV are reported. METHODS: Data for 8815 service members (8165 men and 650 women) aged 18 years or older who voluntarily participated in the Seroprevalence and Behavioral Epidemiology Risk Surveys from 2009 to 2014 were included in this secondary data analysis...
February 7, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161801/gender-norms-gender-role-conflict-stress-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-men-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#16
Ann Gottert, Clare Barrington, Heath Luz McNaughton-Reyes, Suzanne Maman, Catherine MacPhail, Sheri A Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, Rhian Twine, Audrey Pettifor
Men's gender role conflict and stress (GRC/S), the psychological strain they experience around fulfilling expectations of themselves as men, has been largely unexplored in HIV prevention research. We examined associations between both men's gender norms and GRC/S and three HIV risk behaviors using data from a population-based survey of 579 18-35 year-old men in rural northeast South Africa. Prevalence of sexual partner concurrency and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the last 12 months were 38...
February 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150500/exploring-opportunities-for-coordinated-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-and-child-maltreatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#17
Loraine J Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Manuel Contreras Urbina, Emma Howarth, Frances Gardner, Jeannie Annan, Kim Ashburn, Bernadette Madrid, Ruti Levtov, Charlotte Watts
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM) by a parent or caregiver are prevalent and overlapping issues with damaging consequences for those affected. This scoping review aimed to identify opportunities for greater coordination between IPV and CM programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Nine bibliographic databases were searched and grey literature was identified through the scoping review team. Eligible studies were published in English; described primary prevention programmes in LMIC that addressed IPV and CM, or addressed one form of violence, but reported outcomes for the other; reported IPV and CM outcomes; and evaluated with any study design...
February 2, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134015/transforming-narratives-into-educational-tools-the-collaborative-development-of-a-transformative-learning-tool-based-on-nicaraguan-adolescents-creative-writing-about-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Robyn Singleton, María de la Paz Picado Araúz, Kathleen Trocin, Kate Winskell
The use of narrative has become increasingly popular in the public health, community development, and education fields. Via emotionally engaging plotlines with authentic, captivating characters, stories provide an opportunity for participants to be carried away imaginatively into the characters' world while connecting the story with their own lived experiences. Stories have been highlighted as valuable tools in transformative learning. However, little published literature exists demonstrating applications of stories in group-based transformative learning curricula...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133980/the-impact-of-polyvictimisation-on-children-in-lmics-the-case-of-jamaica
#19
Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Michael Lambert
Children who experience polyvictimization in high-income countries (HICs) are at higher risk for mental health-related trauma symptoms. There is limited information on the impact of polyvictimisation on children with high levels of exposure, as occurs in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study investigates the impact of poyvictimization on Jamaican children's intellectual functioning, achievement, and disruptive behaviors. Data from a geographical subgroup (n = 1171) of a 1986 population based birth cohort study were utilised...
January 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130903/typological-analysis-of-victimization-profiles-of-young-children
#20
Christelle Robert-Mazaye, Marie-Ève Clément, Katie Cyr, Claire Chamberland
Although the scope of violence against children has been well documented, the reality of this phenomenon remains to beexamined. Using data collected during a population-based survey on the polyvictimization of children between 2 and 11 years old, this study explores the profiles of 972 children who are victims of many forms of violence (in family, school, and/or community). Cluster analyses identified 4 groups (minimal victimization, generalized victimization, threatening environment, aggressive environment), which differ according to the forms and extent of the violence experienced...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
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