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Gender-based violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#1
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335810/sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-needs-gender-roles-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-couple-violence-according-to-engaged-men-and-women
#2
Fusun Terzioglu, Gulsah Kok, Gulten Guvenc, Funda Ozdemir, Ilknur Munevver Gonenc, Basak Demirtas Hicyilmaz, Neslihan Yılmaz Sezer
This descriptive study was aimed to evaluate the attitudes of the engaged men and women who are of legal age to marry towards gender roles and acceptance of couple violence, and determine their sexual/reproductive health education needs. It was conducted in two marriage registry offices in Ankara, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 740 participants. Data were collected by using semi-structured form, Gender Roles Attitude Scale and Acceptance of Couple Violence Scale. It was found that the engaged couples had educational needs concerning sexual/reproductive health; socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education, residence, and income level created significant differences in the attitudes related to accepting gender roles and violence; and having an egalitarian attitude towards gender roles decreased the rate of accepting violence between the couples...
January 15, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334936/gender-based-violence-screening-methods-preferred-by-women-visiting-a-public-hospital-in-pune-india
#3
Nishi Suryavanshi, Shilpa Naik, Smita Waghmare, Nikhil Gupte, Sameer Khan, Vidya Mave, Andrea Deluca, Amita Gupta, Jonathan Golub, Robert C Bollinger, Anita Shankar
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major global public health concern and is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Early identification of GBV is crucial for improved health outcomes. Interactions with health care providers may provide a unique opportunity for routine GBV screening, if a safe, confidential environment can be established. METHODS: Between November 2014 and February 2015, a cross-sectional, observational study was conducted where women were interviewed about their opinions concerning GBV screening in a tertiary health care setting in Pune, India...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332551/how-narratives-of-fear-shape-girls-participation-in-community-life-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#4
Marni Sommer, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Emily Wilkinson Salamea, Johanna Arp, Kathryn L Falb, Nadine Rudahindwa, Lindsay Stark
Numerous social factors shape girls' lives in conflict-affected settings, affecting their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Qualitative research methods were used to examine spaces of perceived safety and risk for girls living in two conflict-affected populations: camps in Ethiopia hosting primarily South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees and communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Three major themes emerged: (a) challenges around caregiver-child communication regarding development, sex, and sexual violence; (b) a typology of safe/risky spaces; and (c) the influence of male-dominated spaces on experiences and fear of GBV...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332535/viewing-gendered-violence-in-guatemala-through-photovoice
#5
Lynne Duffy
This research examined rural and urban women's experiences of gender-based violence in Chimaltenango, Guatemala. Photovoice methodology was used to describe and analyze local realities and vulnerabilities, and ethnographic techniques added cultural and contextual factors. While the initial focus was on intimate partner violence, results showed that violence for women exists from childhood to senior years. Participants noted gaps in services and participated in a public strategy workshop to address these. Challenges and opportunities are presented around the enduring and complex global crisis of gendered violence...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332520/gender-based-violence-among-hiv-positive-women-in-kazakhstan-prevalence-types-and-associated-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Nabila El-Bassel, Sholpan Primbetova, Assel Terlikbayeva
This article examines the prevalence and associated multilevel risk and protective factors of intimate and nonintimate partner violence among a sample of 249 HIV-positive women in Kazakhstan. We found high prevalence of both lifetime intimate partner violence (52%) and nonintimate partner violence (30%). Together, nearly 60% experienced at least one incident of violence by either an intimate or nonintimate partner (gender-based violence [GBV]). In the multivariate analyses, we found associations between several individual, interpersonal, and socio-structural risk factors and GBV...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332514/gender-migration-and-exclusionary-citizenship-regimes-conceptualizing-transnational-abandonment-of-wives-as-a-form-of-violence-against-women
#7
Sundari Anitha, Anupama Roy, Harshita Yalamarty
Based on life history narratives of 57 women in India and interviews with 21 practitioners, we document the neglect, abuse, and instrumental deprivation of women's rights through the process of transnational abandonment. While gendered local sociocultural milieus and economic norms contribute to these harms, they are crucially enabled and sustained by transnational formal-legal frameworks. Widening the explanatory lens for understanding domestic violence beyond the family and community, we argue that in a globalized world, (inter)state policies serve to construct these women as a subordinate category of citizens-"disposable women"-who can be abused and abandoned with impunity...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306695/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-disorders-co-occurrence-and-gender-differences-in-a-large-cross-sectional-population-based-study-in-spain
#8
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Jorge A Cervilla, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental disorders (MD) are important public health problems disproportionally affecting women. We aimed to study the epidemiology of IPV victimization, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD in Spanish men and women in terms of i) prevalence, ii) association between IPV and MD, and iii) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with IPV, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD. METHODS: Community-based cross-sectional study with 4507 randomly selected participants...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302527/introducing-gender-equity-to-adolescent-school-children-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Saba Syed
Background: Over the past decade, gender equality and women's empowerment have been explicitly recognized as key not only to the health of nations but also to social and economic development. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a mixed methods' participatory group education approach to introduce gender equity to adolescent school children. It also assessed baseline and postintervention knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding gender equity, sexual and reproductive health among adolescent students in government-aided schools, and finally, compare the pre- and post-intervention gender equitable (GE) attitudes among the study participants...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302173/in-women-s-eyes-key-barriers-to-women-s-access-to-hiv-treatment-and-a-rights-based-approach-to-their-sustained-well-being
#10
Luisa Orza, Emily Bass, Emma Bell, E Tyler Crone, Nazneen Damji, Sophie Dilmitis, Liz Tremlett, Nasra Aidarus, Jacqui Stevenson, Souhaila Bensaid, Calorine Kenkem, Gracia Violeta Ross, Elena Kudravtseva, Alice Welbourn
There is rightly a huge global effort to enable women living with HIV to have long productive lives, through treatment access. However, many women living with HIV experience violence against women (VAW), in both domestic and health care settings. The ways in which VAW might prevent treatment access and adherence for women has not to date been reviewed coherently at the global level, from women's own perspectives. Meanwhile, funding for global health care, including HIV treatment, is shrinking. To optimize women's health and know how best to optimize facilitators and minimize barriers to access and adherence, especially in this shrinking funding context, we need to understand more about these issues from women's own perspectives...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295029/perspective-taking-and-empathy-mitigate-family-of-origin-risk-for-electronic-aggression-perpetration-toward-dating-partners-a-brief-report
#11
Michelle C Ramos, Kelly F Miller, Ilana K Moss, Gayla Margolin
Electronic dating aggression among emerging adults is prevalent and has adverse consequences, yet factors that increase or decrease the risk for perpetrating electronic aggression against a romantic partner are understudied. This investigation advances the literature in two novel ways. First, based on intergenerational transmission of violence theories, we tested the link between family-of-origin aggression (FOA) history and electronic aggression toward romantic partners, using a diverse sample of emerging adults...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295002/men-s-reflections-on-their-experiences-of-gender-based-violence
#12
Ada L Sinacore, Samir Durrani, Sarah Khayutin
Using Multicultural and Gender Case Conceptualization (MGCC) epistemology, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore adult male victims' perceptions of gender and reflections on their experiences of gender-based violence (GBV). Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results indicated that, regardless of sexual orientation, participants experienced verbal and physical abuse due to their feminine gender expression, beginning in primary school and continuing through university and into the workplace...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294982/gender-based-violence-supportive-cognitions-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys-the-function-of-violence-exposure-and-victimization
#13
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones, Dominic Willmott, Nicole Sherretts
Violence against women and girls is widespread in the Caribbean, which may be due to heightened acceptance of such acts in this specific social context. In spite of this, studies investigating attitudes toward violence and their correlates among participants drawn from the region are missing. To address this void in the literature, we examined associations between violence exposure and victimization and two gender-based violence-related cognitions (attitudes toward male physical domestic violence and social norms regarding physical violence against girls) as well as general beliefs about violence using structural equation modeling...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294957/assessing-the-link-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-postrelationship-stalking-a-gender-inclusive-study
#14
Svenja Senkans, Troy E McEwan, James R P Ogloff
The link between intimate partner violence (IPV) during a relationship and postrelationship stalking (PRS) is poorly understood. The vast majority of relevant studies focus either on male perpetration or female victimization and use highly selective samples. The current study aimed to illuminate the link between IPV and PRS perpetration and victimization, respectively. To this end, heterosexual male and female university students ( n = 422) retrospectively self-reported on IPV during their most conflicted relationship and a wide range of pursuit behavior after the dissolution of this romantic relationship...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294908/exploring-the-prevalence-and-correlates-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-in-bangladesh
#15
Md Jahirul Islam, Paul Mazerolle, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is known to have multiple detrimental consequences for the woman and potentially for her unborn child. However, little is known about the nature and extent of IPV during pregnancy, particularly in developing countries, which compromises efforts to address the problem. Relying on population-based data, this article examines the extent, patterns, and correlates associated with physical, sexual, and psychological IPV during pregnancy in Bangladesh. Cross-sectional survey data were collected between October 2015 and January 2016 from 426 new mothers, aged 15 to 49 years, who were in the first 6 months postpartum...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294906/street-culture-and-gun-violence-exploring-the-reputation-victimization-paradox
#16
Rick Dierenfeldt, Shaun A Thomas, Timothy C Brown, Jeffery T Walker
Anderson's thesis of a code of the street has been broadly applied to the study of violence, but race- and gender-specific multilevel analyses of gun violence are scant within the literature. An unresolved debate also surrounds the link between violent victimization and adherence to street culture; underscored by an apparent reputation-victimization paradox among those who engage in street behaviors. The current study contributes to the literature by assessing the direct influence of incident setting and victim-offender familiarity on the likelihood of gun use by Black males in the course of aggravated assaults; and the degree to which the confluence of these factors is conditioned by levels of disadvantage and violence in the community...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#17
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294873/memories-of-boys-girls-and-adolescent-victims-of-political-prison-and-torture-by-the-chilean-military-civilian-dictatorship
#18
Ximena Faúndez, Manuel Cárdenas, Fuad Hatibovic, Evelyn Palma, Diego Bravo
This article reconstructs and analyzes the memories of victims of political prison and torture during the Chilean Military-Civilian Dictatorship who were minors when they experienced this violence. Participants in the study were 11 adults, six women and five men from the region of Valparaíso, who were victims of State terrorism during childhood and adolescence. The information production technique used was the focus group. A textual analysis was performed, based on interdisciplinary contributions from interpretation theory and discourse theories...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294867/relationship-dynamics-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-israeli-college-students-the-moderating-effect-of-communication-problems
#19
Ruhama Goussinsky, Keren Michael, Dalit Yassour-Borochowitz
The present study, based on data from the International Dating Violence Study obtained in 2004 ( N = 465) and on data obtained in 2015 ( N = 392), estimated the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration among Israeli college students. The main purpose of the study was to investigate whether communication problems (i.e., avoidant communication and disrespectful communication) intensify the effects of relationship dynamics (dominance, partner's controlling behavior, and jealousy) on physical IPV...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294854/disclosing-gender-based-violence-during-health-care-visits-a-patient-centered-approach
#20
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Valerie Halstead, Jacob Martinez, Laly Joseph
The purpose of this study was to better understand victims' perspectives regarding decisions to disclose gender-based violence, namely, intimate partner violence (IPV) and human trafficking, to health care providers and what outcomes matter to them when discussing these issues with their provider. Twenty-five participants from racially/ethnically diverse backgrounds were recruited from a family justice center located in the southeastern United States. Two fifths had experienced human trafficking, and the remaining had experienced IPV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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