keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender-based violence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#1
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#3
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#4
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176644/sexual-and-gender-based-violence-attitudes-and-experiences-among-nine-sub-saharan-african-militaries
#5
Vienna Nightingale, Bonnie Tran, Judith Harbertson, Antonio Langa, Michael Grillo, Olivier Kalombo, Anne Thomas
INTRODUCTION: While sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is recognized as an important factor driving the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, attitudes toward and prevalence of SGBV within sub-Saharan African military populations are unknown. Data on SGBV were collected from military service members of nine sub-Saharan African militaries. Attitudes related to SGBV and characteristics of those who commit and experience SGBV are reported. METHODS: Data for 8815 service members (8165 men and 650 women) aged 18 years or older who voluntarily participated in the Seroprevalence and Behavioral Epidemiology Risk Surveys from 2009 to 2014 were included in this secondary data analysis...
February 7, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161801/gender-norms-gender-role-conflict-stress-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-men-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#6
Ann Gottert, Clare Barrington, Heath Luz McNaughton-Reyes, Suzanne Maman, Catherine MacPhail, Sheri A Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, Rhian Twine, Audrey Pettifor
Men's gender role conflict and stress (GRC/S), the psychological strain they experience around fulfilling expectations of themselves as men, has been largely unexplored in HIV prevention research. We examined associations between both men's gender norms and GRC/S and three HIV risk behaviors using data from a population-based survey of 579 18-35 year-old men in rural northeast South Africa. Prevalence of sexual partner concurrency and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the last 12 months were 38...
February 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150500/exploring-opportunities-for-coordinated-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-and-child-maltreatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#7
Loraine J Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Manuel Contreras Urbina, Emma Howarth, Frances Gardner, Jeannie Annan, Kim Ashburn, Bernadette Madrid, Ruti Levtov, Charlotte Watts
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM) by a parent or caregiver are prevalent and overlapping issues with damaging consequences for those affected. This scoping review aimed to identify opportunities for greater coordination between IPV and CM programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Nine bibliographic databases were searched and grey literature was identified through the scoping review team. Eligible studies were published in English; described primary prevention programmes in LMIC that addressed IPV and CM, or addressed one form of violence, but reported outcomes for the other; reported IPV and CM outcomes; and evaluated with any study design...
February 2, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134015/transforming-narratives-into-educational-tools-the-collaborative-development-of-a-transformative-learning-tool-based-on-nicaraguan-adolescents-creative-writing-about-intimate-partner-violence
#8
Robyn Singleton, María de la Paz Picado Araúz, Kathleen Trocin, Kate Winskell
The use of narrative has become increasingly popular in the public health, community development, and education fields. Via emotionally engaging plotlines with authentic, captivating characters, stories provide an opportunity for participants to be carried away imaginatively into the characters' world while connecting the story with their own lived experiences. Stories have been highlighted as valuable tools in transformative learning. However, little published literature exists demonstrating applications of stories in group-based transformative learning curricula...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133980/the-impact-of-polyvictimisation-on-children-in-lmics-the-case-of-jamaica
#9
Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Michael Lambert
Children who experience polyvictimization in high-income countries (HICs) are at higher risk for mental health-related trauma symptoms. There is limited information on the impact of polyvictimisation on children with high levels of exposure, as occurs in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study investigates the impact of poyvictimization on Jamaican children's intellectual functioning, achievement, and disruptive behaviors. Data from a geographical subgroup (n = 1171) of a 1986 population based birth cohort study were utilised...
January 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130903/typological-analysis-of-victimization-profiles-of-young-children
#10
Christelle Robert-Mazaye, Marie-Ève Clément, Katie Cyr, Claire Chamberland
Although the scope of violence against children has been well documented, the reality of this phenomenon remains to beexamined. Using data collected during a population-based survey on the polyvictimization of children between 2 and 11 years old, this study explores the profiles of 972 children who are victims of many forms of violence (in family, school, and/or community). Cluster analyses identified 4 groups (minimal victimization, generalized victimization, threatening environment, aggressive environment), which differ according to the forms and extent of the violence experienced...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128804/-morally-incorrect-incidents-perceived-by-third-year-medical-students-in-2009-and-2015
#11
Ana María Rancich, Sabrina Fernanda-Merino, María Cecilia Valicenti, María Belén López-Prieto, Martín Donato, Ricardo Jorge Gelpi
The teacher-student relationship in medicine is affected by incidents performed by teachers and perceived by students as morally incorrect. The objectives were to analyze these incidents perceived by third year medical students in 2009 and 2015, according to gender, position, career year, and instance, and to compare categories and motives. This is quantitative-qualitative research, based on a survey with closed and open items: to narrate incidents and motives. The relationship between variables was established with χ2 (p ≤ 0...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078529/rethinking-preconception-care-a-critical-women-s-health-perspective
#13
Erika L Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Stephanie L Marhefka, Nolan S Kline, Ellen M Daley
Objectives Preconception care aims to provide care to reproductive aged individuals in order to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. Given that preconception care is a public health priority, it is important to evaluate the evolution of this health paradigm and the promotion of preconception messages that are obtained by the public. We identified online preconception health messages, which were critically assessed through a women's health perspective. Methods We searched for "preconception care" on three major search engines...
January 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064522/the-impact-of-humanitarian-emergencies-on-the-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-an-evidence-based-ecological-framework
#14
Beth L Rubenstein, Lindsay Stark
Little is known about the patterns and mechanisms by which humanitarian emergencies may exacerbate violence against children. In this article, we propose using the ecological framework to examine the impact of humanitarian emergencies on interpersonal violence against children. We consider the literature that supports this framework and suggest future directions for research to fill identified gaps in the framework. The relationship between humanitarian emergencies and violence against children depends on risk factors at multiple levels, including a breakdown of child protection systems, displacement, threats to livelihoods, changing gender roles, changing household composition, overcrowded living conditions, early marriage, exposure to conflict or other emergency events, and alcohol abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064513/temporal-patterns-and-predictors-of-bullying-roles-among-adolescents-in-vietnam-a-school-based-cohort-study
#15
Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P Dunne, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nam T Tran
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined bullying experiences and correlated factors among adolescents in schools, relatively little is known about the extent to which bullying roles are stable or fluid over time. This short-term quantitative longitudinal study in Vietnam examined temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles over an academic year. A total of 1424 middle and high school students aged 12-17 years completed two anonymous, self-administered questionnaires six months apart in 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031583/suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-among-transgender-persons
#16
REVIEW
H G Virupaksha, Daliboyina Muralidhar, Jayashree Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Suicide rate and suicidal tendencies among transgender persons are considerably high compared to general population. Hence, this review is an attempt to understand the issues around the suicide and suicidal behavior among transgender persons. METHODOLOGY: The literature search conducted using three sources, i.e., electronic databases (PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, PsycInfo), manual search (library catalog), and gray literature (consultation with experts)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026980/addiction-related-stigma-and-discrimination-a-qualitative-study-in-treatment-centers-in-mexico-city
#17
Jazmín Mora-Ríos, Miriam Ortega-Ortega, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
: Social rejection of drug use is greater than that directed at other psychiatric conditions, like depression and anxiety, which may lead to social exclusion of substance users and prevent them from seeking and receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the stigma and discrimination related to addiction in treatment centers in Mexico City. METHODS: Data are from a broad mixed methods study. The present study is a qualitative analysis of 35 in-depth interviews of drug users, family members, and providers, using guidelines for the exploration of experiences of stigma and discrimination related to substance abuse...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002982/dangerous-girls-and-cheating-boys-zulu-speaking-disabled-young-peoples-constructs-of-heterosexual-relationships-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
Paul Chappell
Across South Africa there is a growing body of work that explores gender dynamics in heterosexual relationships between young people aged 15-24 years. This is mainly influenced by the high prevalence of HIV and the incidence of intimate partner violence in this age group. Most studies to date have been based upon non-disabled young people, with limited focus on young disabled people. In an attempt to address this gap, this paper describes findings from a study conducted with 22 Zulu-speaking young people with visual and physical disabilities in KwaZulu-Natal...
December 22, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993907/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-against-chinese-adolescent-women-who-are-involved-in-commercial-sex-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Xu-Dong Zhang, Sierra Myers, Hong-Juan Yang, Yun Li, Ji-Hong Li, Wei Luo, Stanley Luchters
OBJECTIVES: Despite the vast quantity of research among Chinese female sex workers (FSWs) to address concerns regarding HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, there is a paucity of research on issues of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and the missed opportunity for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion among young FSWs. Our research aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of SGBV among Chinese adolescent FSWs, and to explore SRH service utilisation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a one-stage cluster sampling method was employed...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992838/posttraumatic-stress-and-youth-violence-perpetration-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
M Aebi, M Mohler-Kuo, S Barra, U Schnyder, T Maier, M A Landolt
BACKGROUND: Exposure to trauma was found to increase later violent behaviours in youth but the underlying psychopathological mechanisms are unclear. This study aimed to test whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is related to violent behaviours and whether PTSD symptoms mediate the relationship between the number of trauma experiences and violent behaviours in adolescents. METHOD: The present study is based on a nationally representative sample of 9th grade students with 3434 boys (mean age=15...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
keyword
keyword
18119
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"