keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender-based violence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767818/adapting-the-risk-environment-framework-to-understand-substance-use-gender-based-violence-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-female-sex-workers-in-tanzania
#2
Anna M Leddy, Carol Underwood, Michele R Decker, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Noya Galai, Deanna Kerrigan
Female sex workers (FSWs) in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV and gender-based violence (GBV). Substance use overlaps with these co-occurring epidemics to further increase FSWs' risk for negative health outcomes. We explored the relationship between substance use, GBV, and consistent condom use utilizing baseline data from a cohort of 496 FSWs in Tanzania. Results demonstrate high levels of alcohol use and GBV, and low levels of consistent condom use. Frequent intoxication during sex work was associated with increased odds of recent GBV (aOR 1...
May 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754267/mood-meth-condom-use-and-gender-latent-growth-curve-modeling-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#3
Eileen V Pitpitan, Shirley J Semple, Jim Zians, Steffanie A Strathdee, Thomas L Patterson
Methamphetamine use poses increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. There is robust evidence that methamphetamine use increases sexual risk behavior, like condomless sex, primarily among men who have sex with men but also among heterosexual women and men. Gender differences have been found among women and men who use meth, and there is a high degree of interconnectedness between meth use, depression, and condomless sex. The aims of the current study are to evaluate the efficacy of a theory-based, tri-focal intervention designed to reduce depression, meth use, and condomless sex among women and men, and to examine gender as a moderator of efficacy...
May 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751752/a-community-based-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-and-understandings-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-vulnerability-from-the-perspectives-of-female-sex-workers-and-male-intimate-partners-in-north-karnataka-state-india
#4
Andrea K Blanchard, Sapna G Nair, Sharon G Bruce, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Prakash Javalkar, Priya Pillai, Martine Collumbien, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the intimate relationships of women in sex work, or drawn on community partnerships to explore the social dynamics involved. A community-based participatory research study was undertaken by community and academic partners leading intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV prevention programs in Bagalkot district, Karnataka state, India...
May 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#5
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739291/introduction-special-section-on-social-and-economic-costs-of-gender-based-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-causes-implications-and-policy-directions
#6
Sitawa R Kimuna, Eric Y Tenkorang, Yanyi K Djamba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729655/adolescent-girls-experiences-with-sexual-pressure-coercion-and-victimization-metoo
#7
Dianne Morrison-Beedy, Linsey Grove
BACKGROUND: The #MeToo social media campaign in the United States has highlighted what is a pervasive problem in many cultures-the sexual intimidation and victimization of women by men, especially those in roles of authority. METHODS: In a study of 735 girls, ages 15-19 years, enrolled in a sexual risk reduction randomized controlled trial, we captured baseline data using audio-computer assisted self-interviews to increase validity and reliability of responses to questions regarding such behaviors...
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706310/the-associated-risk-factors-for-underweight-and-overweight-high-school-students-in-cambodia
#8
Yat Yen, Yumin Shi, Bunly Soeung, Ratny Seng, Channy Dy, Rathny Suy, Kimlong Ngin
PURPOSE: Overweight and underweight are one of the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), but little research on this area has been undertaken in Cambodia. Therefore, this study aimed to measure underweight and overweight and their associated risk behaviors among Cambodian high school students. METHODS: 3806 students (mean ag = 15.65 years, SD = 1.80, age range = 11-18 years) from the 2013 Cambodia-Global School-based Student Health Survey were used to yield representative samples of the Cambodian students...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705931/structural-network-position-and-performance-of-health-leaders-within-an-hiv-prevention-trial
#9
Marta I Mulawa, Thespina J Yamanis, Lusajo J Kajula, Peter Balvanz, Suzanne Maman
The effectiveness of peer leaders in promoting health may depend on the position they occupy within their social networks. Using sociocentric (whole network) and behavioral data from the intervention arm of a cluster-randomized HIV prevention trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, we used generalized linear models with standardized predictors to examine the association between heath leaders' baseline structural network position (i.e., in-degree and betweenness centrality) and their 12-month self-reported (1) confidence in educating network members about HIV and gender-based violence (GBV) and (2) number of past-week conversations about HIV and GBV...
April 28, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690854/what-is-there-to-learn-about-violence-and-masculinity-from-a-genderqueer-man
#10
Rebecca Helman, Kopano Ratele
BACKGROUND: In light of the global health burden of violence, which is predominantly perpetrated by men, studies have explored the relationship between masculinities and violence. However, there is a relative lack of work focusing on non-hegemonic men and masculinities in relation to violence. Such work has the potential to advance violence prevention work. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to show the shifting relationship between constructions of violent and non-violent masculinity in the talk of a genderqueer man...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673381/mobile-link-a-theory-based-messaging-intervention-for-improving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669567/the-herrespect-intervention-to-address-violence-against-female-garment-workers-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#12
Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruchira Tabassum Naved
BACKGROUND: Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also common. Such violence is a violation of women's rights, and also constrains them from contributing to their personal growth, household, community and the economy at large. There is limited evidence on what works to prevent IPV and WPV amongst garment workers. This paper describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to reduce IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659347/social-justice-at-the-core-of-breastfeeding-protection-promotion-and-support-a-conceptualization
#13
Paige Hall Smith
Despite widespread awareness of the health benefits for both mothers and babies we are far from achieving universal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates globally are lower than recommended levels and there are concerns that some global breastfeeding efforts have stalled (1, 2). In addition, we see persistent disparities in breastfeeding rates by race, ethnicity, class and status (3). A growing literature documents how a range of injustices, including gender inequality (7), racism (8), poverty (9), and violence (10, 11) shape whether, how exclusive, and for how long mothers and others will be able to breastfeed or feed their infants human milk...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#14
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#15
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642768/experiences-of-gender-based-violence-at-a-south-african-university-prevalence-and-effect-on-rape-myth-acceptance
#16
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624956/gender-based-violence-among-married-women-in-debre-tabor-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Achenef A Muche, Adeyemi O Adekunle, Ayodele O Arowojolu
Gender-based violence is one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the perception and attitude of the community towards gender-based violence among married women in Northwest Ethiopia. A qualitative study was conducted using the purposive sampling technique for the three focus group discussions and ten in-depth interviews among married women. Data was analyzed thematically using version 3.4 of the Open Code Software. Most of the participants perceived that gender-based violence was acceptable in the community, violent acts needed to be considerably tolerated rather than condemned...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622012/if-you-can-t-measure-it-you-can-t-change-it-a-longitudinal-study-on-improving-quality-of-care-in-hospitals-and-health-centers-in-rural-kenya
#18
Michael Marx, Christine Nitschke, Maureen Nafula, Mabel Nangami, Marc Brodowski, Irmgard Marx, Helen Prytherch, Charles Kandie, Irene Omogi, Friederike Paul-Fariborz, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: The Kenyan Ministry of Health- Department of Standards and Regulations sought to operationalize the Kenya Quality Assurance Model for Health. To this end an integrated quality management system based on validated indicators derived from the Kenya Quality Model for Health (KQMH) was developed and adapted to the area of Reproductive and Maternal and Neonatal Health, implemented and analysed. METHODS: An integrated quality management (QM) approach was developed based on European Practice Assessment (EPA) modified to the Kenyan context...
April 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621696/forensic-medical-aspects-of-femicide-in-jordan
#19
Hafsa O Ghanem Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Mohannad Shwaiki, Hasan Abder-Rahman
This study aims to highlight three types of femicide in Jordan - so-called 'honour killings', fatal intimate partner violence (IPV), and domestic violence committed by male family members other than the husband (DV) - and to compare them with the killing of women in non-gender related situations such as during a robbery. The autopsy reports of 100 adult female homicide victims dealt with at Jordan University Hospital in Amman during a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed. Based on information contained in the police reports they were assigned to one of four categories...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609568/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-impact-on-intimate-partner-violence-of-a-10-session-participatory-gender-training-curriculum-delivered-to-women-taking-part-in-a-group-based-microfinance-loan-scheme-in-tanzania-maisha-crt01-study-protocol
#20
Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions. METHODS: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania...
April 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
keyword
keyword
18119
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"