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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933069/outcomes-of-measurable-residual-disease-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia-pre-and-post-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-validation-of-difference-from-normal-flow-cytometry-with-chimerism-studies-and-wilms-tumor-1-gene-expression
#1
David A Jacobsohn, Michael R Loken, Mingwei Fei, Alexia Adams, Lisa Eidenschink Brodersen, Brent R Logan, Kwang Woo Ahn, Bronwen E Shaw, Morris Kletzel, Marie Olszewski, Sana Khan, Soheil Meshinchi, Amy Keating, Andrew Harris, Pierre Teira, Reggie E Duerst, Steven P Margossian, Paul L Martin, Aleksandra Petrovic, Christopher C Dvorak, Eneida R Nemecek, Michael W Boyer, Allen R Chen, Jeffrey H Davis, Shalini Shenoy, Sureyya Savasan, Michelle P Hudspeth, Roberta H Adams, Victor A Lewis, Albert Kheradpour, Kimberly A Kasow, Alfred P Gillio, Ann E Haight, Monica Bhatia, Barbara J Bambach, Hilary L Haines, Troy C Quigg, Robert J Greiner, Julie-An Talano, David C Delgado, Alexandra Cheerva, Madhu Gowda, Sanjay Ahuja, Mehmet Ozkaynak, David Mitchell, Kirk R Schultz, Terry J Fry, David M Loeb, Michael A Pulsipher
We enrolled 150 patients in a prospective multi-center study of children with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) comparing detection of measurable residual (MRD) disease by a "Difference from Normal" flow cytometry (ΔN) approach with assessment of Wilms tumor 1 (WT-1) gene expression without access to the diagnostic specimen. Prospective analysis of the specimens using this approach showed that 23% of patients being screened for HSCT had detectable residual disease by ΔN (0...
June 19, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932278/observation-of-complete-clinical-response-in-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-the-flinders-experience
#2
Luigi A Sposato, Yick Lam, Chris Karapetis, Sina Vatandoust, Amitesh Roy, Paul Hakendorf, Andrew Dwyer, Dayan de Fontgalland, Paul Hollington, David Wattchow
AIM: Observation with close follow-up ("watch and wait") is a recognized treatment option in patients who achieve a complete clinical response to long course chemoradiotherapy. This review of a prospective database aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes among patients with a complete clinical response managed with observation. METHODS: A prospective study of 32 patients who achieved a complete clinical response was undertaken. The primary outcomes measured were overall and recurrence-free survival, and rate of organ preservation in patients who deferred immediate surgery...
June 22, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932212/csf3r-mutations-are-frequently-associated-with-abnormalities-of-runx1-cbfb-cebpa-and-npm1-genes-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#3
Yang Zhang, Fang Wang, Xue Chen, Yu Zhang, Mingyu Wang, Hong Liu, Panxiang Cao, Xiaoli Ma, Tong Wang, Jianping Zhang, Xian Zhang, Peihua Lu, Hongxing Liu
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) gene occur frequently in chronic neutrophilic leukemia and are rare in de novo acute leukemia. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of CSF3R mutations in acute leukemia and their association with other genetic abnormalities. METHODS: Amplicon-targeted, next-generation sequencing of 58 genes was performed retrospectively on 1152 patients (acute myeloid leukemia [AML], n = 587; acute lymphoid leukemia [ALL], n = 565)...
June 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932085/risk-factors-for-recurrences-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-after-achieving-a-sustained-virological-response-a-multicentre-study-from-turkey
#4
Ferhat Arslan, Bahadir Ceylan, Ahmet Riza Sahin, Özgür Günal, Bircan Kayaaslan, Kenan Uğurlu, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Gülsen Iskender, Selma Tosun, Aynur Atilla, Fatma Sargin, Ayse Batirel, Ergenekon Karagöz, Abdullah Sonsuz, Ali Mert
In this study, we aimed to determine the late relapse rate in hepatitis C patients with sustained virological response after interferon-based regimens, and evaluated the predictors of late relapse while comparing the real-life data of our country with that of others. A multicenter retrospective study was performed to investigate the data of patients infected with HCV who obtained sustained virological response after classical or pegylated interferon alpha (PegIFNα) and ribavirin (RBV) for 48 weeks. Sustained virological response was based on negative HCV RNA level by PCR at the end of six months after the therapy...
June 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931985/liver-transplantation-in-hemophilia-a-and-von-willebrand-disease-type-3-perioperative-management-and-post-transplant-outcome
#5
Cristina Alonso Madrigal, Manuela Dobón Rebollo, Viviana Laredo de la Torre, Luis Palomera Bernal, Francisco Agustín García Gil
INTRODUCTION: infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hemophilia. Finally, patients are considered for a liver transplantation (LT) due to cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: we report the cases of congenital coagulopathy and HCV infection that underwent LT in our institution. There were three patients with hemophilia A and one patient with von Willebrand disease (vWD) type 3...
June 22, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931701/a-complex-network-approach-to-clinical-science
#6
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss
Contemporary classification systems assume that psychiatric disorders are expressions of latent disease entities. However, some critics point to the comorbidity problem and other issues that question the validity of the latent disease model. An alternative to this traditional view is the complex network approach. This approach assumes that disorders exist as systems of inter-connected elements, without requiring that the elements are expressions of latent disease entities. Depending on the structure of the network, change can occur abruptly once the network reaches a tipping point...
June 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931359/late-correction-of-traumatic-nasal-deformities-a-surgical-algorithm-and-experience-in-120-patients
#7
Yalcin Bayram, Abdul Kerim Yapici, Fatih Zor, Mehmet Bozkurt, Selim Kilic, Serdar Ozturk, Ahmed M Afifi
Background: Traumatic nasal deformities have a wide spectrum of presentations, which further complicates their management and preoperative planning. Although many methods and algorithms have been proposed for management of specific posttraumatic nasal deformities such as twisted, deviated, saddle or short nose, these algorithms usually focus on a specific deformity in isolation from the remainder of the nose. Objectives: The aim of this study is to present an algorithm for traumatic nasal deformities and to evaluate the functional and aesthetic outcomes of this new algorithm by a preoperative and postoperative quality-of-life questionnaire...
June 20, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930921/evaluate-the-response-rate-of-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients-to-hyper-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-adriamycin-and-dexamethasone-regimen-and-remission-rate-to-stay-until-the-end-of-the-arbitrary-treatment
#8
Valiollah Mehrzad, Abbas Ahmadifar, Mehdi Mahmoudzadeh
Background: This study aimed to determine the effect of Hyper-Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Adriamycin, and Dexamethasone (CVAD) in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients and remission duration. Materials and Methods: During a cross-sectional study in the Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital in Isfahan, patients with ALL who were admitted and treated from 2011 to 2015 because of the risk of ALL were selected and through the records investigation, demographic information, disease information, treatment, remission duration, current status, and duration of survival were collected in the form of data and are sick after going into remission, including the duration and recurrence remission survival time in treatment were analyzed and consequence, whether the patient is going into remission, remission and relapse and survival time based on the duration of treatment were analyzed...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930241/t-cell-replete-haploidentical-peripheral-blood-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-treatment-of-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma
#9
Lixun Guan, Xiaohong Li, Huaping Wei, Zhenyang Gu, Shasha Zhao, Chengying Zhu, Nan Yang, Feiyan Wang, Lan Luo, Zhe Gao, Wenrong Huang, Honghua Li, Quanshun Wang, Daihong Liu, Xiaoxiong Wu, Chunji Gao
BACKGROUND There is currently little information on haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) for T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). Data about peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) as a reliable graft source for T-LBL treatment are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS T-LBL patients who underwent T cell-replete haploidentical peripheral blood hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-PBHCT) from July 2007 to January 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS A total of 25 patients (age ≥15 years) with median age of 24 (range 15-51) years were enrolled...
June 22, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929514/comparison-of-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-status-by-fluorescent-spot-test-and-rapid-diagnostic-test-in-lao-pdr-and-cambodia
#10
Gisela Henriques, Koukeo Phommasone, Rupam Tripura, Thomas J Peto, Shristi Raut, Coco Snethlage, Im Sambo, Nou Sanann, Chea Nguon, Bipin Adhikari, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Mallika Imwong, Lorenz von Seidlein, Nicholas P Day, Nicholas J White, Arjen M Dondorp, Paul Newton, Benedikt Ley, Mayfong Mayxay
BACKGROUND: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzymopathy worldwide. Primaquine is the only licensed drug that effectively removes Plasmodium vivax hypnozoites from the human host and prevents relapse. While well tolerated by most recipients, primaquine can cause haemolysis in G6PD deficient individuals and is, therefore, underused. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) could permit ascertainment of G6PD status outside of laboratory settings and hence safe treatment in remote areas...
June 22, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929495/brief-multifamily-psychoeducation-for-family-members-of-patients-with-chronic-major-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Fujika Katsuki, Hiroshi Takeuchi, Takahiko Inagaki, Tohru Maeda, Yosuke Kubota, Nao Shiraishi, Hideaki Tabuse, Tadashi Kato, Atsurou Yamada, Norio Watanabe, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiaki A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and often chronic problem. Patients with chronic MDD often have negative impacts on the health of their families. Family psychoeducation is recognized as part of the optimal treatment for patients with psychotic disorder, and has been shown to reduce the rate of relapse in individuals with schizophrenia and to reduce the burden on their caregivers. Thus, we predict that family psychoeducation has the potential to reduce the burden on the caregivers of patients with chronic MDD...
June 22, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929470/anti-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-antibody-in-a-patient-with-relapse-of-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-a-case-report
#12
Haruki Shida, Nobuhiro Hashimoto, Yoshihiro Kusunoki, Fumihiko Hattanda, Yayoi Ogawa, Terumasa Hayashi, Daigo Nakazawa, Sakiko Masuda, Utano Tomaru, Akihiro Ishizu
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are web-like DNA decorated with antimicrobial proteins, such as myeloperoxidase (MPO), which are extruded from activated neutrophils. Although NETs are essential in innate immunity, an excessive formation of NETs has adverse effects, e.g., induction of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA), to the hosts. Since ANCA can induce NET formation in the primed neutrophils, a positive feedback loop can be formed between NETs and ANCA, which is called "ANCA-NETs vicious cycle...
June 22, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928948/single-dose-daily-fractionated-is-not-inferior-to-twice-a-day-fractionated-total-body-irradiation-prior-to-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-acute-leukemia-a-useful-practice-simplification-resulting-from-the-sarasin-study
#13
Yazid Belkacemi, Myriam Labopin, Sebastian Giebel, Norbert Claude Gorin, Gokoulakrichenane Loganadane, Leszek Miszczyk, Mauricette Michallet, Gerard Socié, Nicolaas Pm Schaap, Jan J Cornelissen, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Emmanuelle Polge, Mohamad Mohty, Arnon Nagler
PURPOSE: Total-body irradiation (TBI) is a major constituent of myeloablative conditioning regimens. The standard technique consists of 12Gy in 6 fractions over 3 days. The SARASIN study aimed to compare standard-fractionation to one-daily fractionation prior to transplant in leukemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared TBI regimens delivered in 2993 patients from the EBMT database, transplanted between 2000 and 2014 for acute lymphoblastic (ALL, n=1729) or acute myelogenous (AML, n=1264) leukemia...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928480/integrated-epigenetic-and-genetic-analysis-identifies-markers-of-prognostic-significance-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#14
Jatinder K Lamba, Xueyuan Cao, Susana C Raimondi, Roya Rafiee, James R Downing, Shi Lei, Tanja Gruber, Raul C Ribeiro, Jeffrey E Rubnitz, Stanley B Pounds
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) may be an epigenetically-driven malignancy because it harbors fewer genomic mutations than other cancers. In recent studies of AML in adults, DNA methylation patterns associate with clinical risk groups and prognosis. However, thorough evaluations of methylation in pediatric AML have not been done. Therefore, we performed an integrated analysis (IA) of the methylome and transcriptome with clinical outcome in 151 pediatric patients from the multi-center AML02 clinical trial discovery cohort...
June 1, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928323/treatment-of-hepatic-metastases-with-computed-tomography-guided-interstitial-brachytherapy
#15
Dariusz Kieszko, Paweł Cisek, Izabela Kordzińska-Cisek, Ludmiła Grzybowska-Szatkowska
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of local treatment of liver metastases of various types of cancer using brachytherapy with computed tomography (CT) imaging. Retrospective analysis of 61 patients with unresectable hepatic metastases treated with CT-guided interstitial high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy of the liver between April 2014 and December 2016 was performed. Patients were treated with a single fractional dose of 15-25 Gy. Statistical analysis was performed on local relapse free survival (LRFS), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates across the group...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928294/short-and-long-term-evolution-in-our-arms-race-with-cancer-why-the-war-on-cancer-is-winnable
#16
Jay A Rosenheim
Human society is engaged in an arms race against cancer, which pits one evolutionary process-human cultural evolution as we develop novel cancer therapies-against another evolutionary process-the ability of oncogenic selection operating among cancer cells to select for lineages that are resistant to our therapies. Cancer cells have a powerful ability to evolve resistance over the short term, leading to patient relapse following an initial period of apparent treatment efficacy. However, we are the beneficiaries of a fundamental asymmetry in our arms race against cancer: Whereas our cultural evolution is a long-term and continuous process, resistance evolution in cancer cells operates only over the short term and is discontinuous - all resistance adaptations are lost each time a cancer patient dies...
July 2018: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928006/the-long-term-costs-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-in-a-16-year-retrospective-cohort-study-in-brazil
#17
Isabela Maia Diniz, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Livia Lovato Pires de Lemos, Kathiaja M Souza, Brian Godman, Marion Bennie, Björn Wettermark, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Juliana Alvares, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia, Vânia Eloisa de Araújo
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that appreciably impacts on the quality of life of patients and is associated with high expenditure. MS is a chronic multifactorial disease, characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. The Brazilian public health system provides pharmacological treatment as well as hospital and outpatient care for patients with relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. However, we are not aware of any previous publications assessing total direct medical costs in patients with a long follow-up within the Brazilian healthcare system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927805/safety-and-effectiveness-of-fingolimod-in-real-world-multiple-sclerosis-portuguese-patients
#18
Ariana Helena Ribeiro de Barros, João Paulo Fiadeiro Sequeira, Ary Severino Lopes de Sousa, Carlos Miguel Cheganças Capela, Rui Manuel Gomes Pedrosa, Manuel Alexandre Dos Santos Manita
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate postmarketing fingolimod safety and effectiveness in a real-world clinical population. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study with active multiple sclerosis patients treated with fingolimod with at least 12 months of follow-up. Demographic and clinical and imaging characteristics, including annualized relapse rate (ARR), Expanded Disability Status Score, previous treatment, adverse events, treatment duration, and reason for discontinuation, were analyzed...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927045/effects-of-curcumin-and-melatonin-on-bone-formation-in-orthopedically-expanded-suture-in-rats-a-biochemical-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study
#19
M G Cesur, K Gülle, F B Şirin, M Akpolat, G Öğrenim, A Alkan, G Cesur
OBJECTS: To investigate the effects of curcumin (CUR) and melatonin (MEL) on new bone formation following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in rats. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: For this study, 24 12-week-old adult male Wistar albino rats from the Animal Laboratory at Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, were used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into the following 3 groups (n = 8 each): only expansion (OE), expansion plus MEL (MEL) and expansion plus CUR (CUR)...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926371/disability-outcome-measures-in-phase-iii-clinical-trials-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Bernard M J Uitdehaag
Accumulating neurological disability has a substantial impact on the lives of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). As well as the established Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), several other outcome measures are now available for assessing disability progression in MS. This review extends the findings of a previous analysis of relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) trials published up to 2012, to determine whether there has been a shift in outcome measures used to assess disability in phase III clinical trials in RRMS and progressive MS...
June 20, 2018: CNS Drugs
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