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Eman R Abd Elgwad, Eman G Behiry, Fathy M Swailem, Seham G Ameen, Dalia M Abdelhasib, Rabab O Abd Elhamid
Introduction: Paraoxonases are a group of different forms enzymes that consist of three non-similar isoforms, PON1, PON2 and PON3 , which are located near to each other on the long arm of chromosome7. This study aims to investigate the association of a Q192R polymorphism of PON1 gene and statin response in patients with ischemic heart disease with dyslipidemia. Methods: The studied population included three hundred patients with coronary artery disease with dyslipidemia who were prescribed statins...
July 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Milica Miljkovic, Aleksandra Stefanovic, Sanja Simic-Ogrizovic, Jelena Vekic, Natasa Bogavac-Stanojevic, Darko Cerne, Petra Kocbek, Janja Marc, Zorana Jelic-Ivanovic, Vesna Spasojevic-Kalimanovska, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljevic
Some cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease may be caused by structurally and functionally modified lipoproteins. Redox status (advanced oxidation protein products [AOPPs]), prooxidant-antioxidant balance, total protein sulfhydryl (SH-groups), and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity were assessed in 77 renal patients and 20 controls. Lipoproteins were isolated using ultracentrifugation. PON1, PON3, and pentraxin-3 concentration were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
M Arenas, E Rodríguez, A Sahebkar, S Sabater, D Rizo, O Pallisé, M Hernández, F Riu, J Camps, J Joven
PURPOSE: Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a lipolactonase implicated in the elimination of carcinogenic free radicals and in the scavenging mechanisms to maintain oxidative balance. The objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate possible alterations in serum PON1 activity in patients with cancer. METHODS: A systematic search of the observational studies in humans published in the last 15 years was performed through Medline databases following the PRISMA and STARLITE statements...
July 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
C Charles-Schoeman, G B Gugiu, H Ge, A Shahbazian, Y Y Lee, X Wang, D E Furst, V K Ranganath, M Maldonado, Terry Lee, S T Reddy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate changes in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) proteome and HDL function in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients initiating therapy with abatacept or adalimumab in the Abatacept Versus Adalimumab Comparison in Biologic-Naïve RA Subjects with Background Methotrexate (AMPLE) study. METHODS: Ultra high-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with ion mobility mass spectrometry (LC-IM-MS) was used to analyze proteins associated with immunoaffinity-captured HDL from plasma of 30 patients with RA randomized to either abatacept (n = 15) or adalimumab (n = 15) therapy...
April 17, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Jia Cao, Yanyong Xu, Feifei Li, Liang Shang, Daping Fan, Hong Yu
BACKGROUND: Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) plays a key role in high density lipoproteins (HDL) metabolism. SR-BI deficiency in mice results in enhanced susceptibility to atherosclerosis with abnormal large, cholesterol enriched, and functional impaired HDL. This study was to characterize the protein markers of dysfunctional HDL in SR-BI deficient (SR-BI-/- ) mice and to test if the defective of HDL might be affected by probucol treatment. METHODS: Shotgun proteomics and 2-D gel electrophoresis were performed to examine the profile of HDL protein and distribution of HDL particles isolated from SR-BI-/- mice...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Helle Raun Andersen, Jeanette Tinggaard, Philippe Grandjean, Tina K Jensen, Christine Dalgård, Katharina M Main
BACKGROUND: Pesticide exposure has been associated with increased risk of diabetes mellitus in adults, but potential effects of prenatal exposure on glucose regulation have not been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate if maternal occupational pesticide exposure in pregnancy was associated with glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in adolescents and whether an association was modified by sex and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) Q192R polymorphism. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of children whose mothers were either occupationally exposed or unexposed to pesticides in early pregnancy...
June 4, 2018: Environmental Research
Y Torres-Ramos, A Montoya-Estrada, B Cisneros, K Tercero-Pérez, G León-Reyes, N Leyva-García, Oscar Hernández-Hernández, Jonathan J Magaña
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 is a neurodegenerative inherited disease caused by a CAG expansion in the coding region of the ATXN7 gene, which results in the synthesis of polyglutamine-containing ataxin-7. Expression of mutant ataxin-7 disturbs different cell processes, including transcriptional regulation, protein conformation and clearance, autophagy, and glutamate transport; however, mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration in SCA7 are still unknown. Implication of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases, including polyglutamine disorders, has recently emerged...
June 6, 2018: Cerebellum
Marija Grdić Rajković, Sanja Popović-Grle, Andrea Vukić Dugac, Dunja Rogić, Ivana Rako, Margareta Radić Antolić, Mirela Beriša, Lada Rumora
AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised with oxidative stress. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an enzyme, coded by PON1 gene, with distinctive antiatherogenic and antioxidative roles. We aimed to investigate the frequencies of Q192R, L55M and -108C>T polymorphisms and association of those polymorphisms with paraoxonase and arylesterase activities in patients with COPD. METHODS: PON1 genotype was determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Jennifer Ose, Akke Botma, Yesilda Balavarca, Katharina Buck, Dominique Scherer, Nina Habermann, Jolantha Beyerle, Katrin Pfütze, Petra Seibold, Elisabeth J Kap, Axel Benner, Lina Jansen, Katja Butterbach, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner, Alexis Ulrich, Martin Schneider, Jenny Chang-Claude, Barbara Burwinkel, Cornelia M Ulrich
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism (FOCM) is a key pathway essential for nucleotide synthesis, DNA methylation, and repair. This pathway is a critical target for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which is predominantly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. A comprehensive assessment of polymorphisms in FOCM-related genes and their association with prognosis has not yet been performed. Within 1,739 CRC cases aged ≥30 years diagnosed from 2003 to 2007 (DACHS study), we investigated 397 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 50 candidates in 48 FOCM-related genes for associations with overall- (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) using multiple Cox regression (adjusted for age, sex, stage, grade, BMI, and alcohol)...
May 29, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Mohd Wamique, Wahid Ali, D Himanshu Reddy, Preeti Vishwakarma, Mohd Waseem
AIM: To evaluate the serum paraoxonase 1 activity and determine its association with duration in type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: A total of 80 cases from type 2 diabetes mellitus and healthy controls were enrolled in the present case control study. Human serum PON1 concentration was measured by ELISA and western blotting and it activity was determined spectrophotometrically using 4-nitrophenyle acetate. Diagnostic accuracy of serum PON1 to identify type 2 Diabetes mellitus was calculated with ROC analysis...
March 22, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Kathrin Untersteller, Sabine Meissl, Markus Trieb, Insa Emrich, Adam Zawada, Michael Holzer, Eva Knuplez, Danilo Fliser, Gunnar Heine, Gunther Marsche
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD profoundly affects high-density lipoprotein (HDL) composition and functionality, but if abnormal HDL independently contributes to cardiovascular events in CKD patients remains elusive. In the present study, we assessed whether compositional and functional properties of HDL predict cardiovascular outcome among 526 non-dialysis CKD patients who participate in the CARE FOR HOMe study. We measured HDL cholesterol, the content of HDL-associated pro-inflammatory serum amyloid A (SAA) and activities of the HDL enzymes paraoxonase and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
Abdolkarim Mahrooz, Mohammad Bagher Hashemi-Soteh, Masoud Heydari, Ruzbeh Boorank, Fatemeh Ramazani, Ali Mahmoudi, Anvarsadat Kianmehr, Ahad Alizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Genome studies have shown that the genes encoding paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and PON2 are associated with glucose metabolism. The goal of this study was to simultaneously evaluate the association between functional variants in PON1 and PON2 genes and susceptibility for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and determine whether they can affect glycemic control. METHODS: We performed a case-control study with 145 newly diagnosed patients with T2D and 148 controls. The common variants including PON1-Q192R, PON1-L55M and PON2-S311C were genotyped by PCR-based RFLP...
May 18, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Joanna Perła-Kaján, Kamila Borowczyk, Rafał Głowacki, Ottar Nygård, Hieronim Jakubowski
Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in 1 carbon and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism elevate Hcy-thiolactone levels and are associated with cardiovascular and neurologic diseases. Hcy-thiolactone causes protein damage, cellular toxicity, and proatherogenic changes in gene expression in human cells and tissues. A polymorphic cardio-protective enzyme, paraoxonase 1 (PON1), hydrolyzes Hcy-thiolactone in vitro. However, whether Hcy-thiolactone hydrolysis is a physiologic function of the PON1 protein and whether polymorphisms in the PON1 gene affect Hcy-thiolactone levels in humans was unknown...
May 21, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Ahmed Samir, Ayano Kage, Ohura Kayoko, Teruko Imai
1. Loteprednol etabonate (LE) is a soft corticosteroid with two labile ester bonds at 17α- and 17β-positions. Its corticosteroidal activity disappears upon hydrolysis of either ester bond. Hydrolysis of both ester bonds produces the inactive metabolite, Δ1 -cortienic acid (Δ1 -CA). 2. The simple high performance liquid chromatography method using acetic acid gradient was developed for the simultaneous determination of LE and its acidic metabolites. 3. LE was hydrolyzed in rat plasma with a half-life of 9 minutes...
May 21, 2018: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Nazim Bozan, Halit Demir, Tülay Gürsoy, Hüseyin Özkan, Ufuk Düzenli, Eren Sarıkaya, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Faruk Kiroglu, Hakan Çankaya
BACKGROUND: Data describing how laryngeal cancer affects oxidative stress markers and antioxidants are limited. This study investigated serum antioxidant enzyme activities and oxidative stress markers before and after laryngectomies in patients with laryngeal cancer. METHODS: A total of 29 patients with laryngeal cancer and 25 healthy control subjects were enrolled. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), catalase (CAT), paraoxonase (PON), and arylesterase activities were measured spectrophotometrically...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Fedra Luciano-Mateo, Noemí Cabré, Martí Nadal, Anabel García-Heredia, Gerard Baiges-Gaya, Anna Hernández-Aguilera, Jordi Camps, Jorge Joven, José Luis Domingo
The metabolic alterations associated with obesity include mineral dysregulation. Essential trace elements are nutrients with a relevant function in a large number of cellular processes and multiple roles in the correct functioning of metabolic enzymes. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory enzyme that is compromised in obesity. In the present study, the potential alterations in trace elements in morbidly obese women were assessed in relation to serum PON1 activity and concentration, as well as to other obesity-related comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and fatty liver...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Belgin Sever, Kaan Kucukoglu, Hayrunnisa Nadaroglu, Mehlika Dilek Altintop
BACKGROUND: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a paraoxonase, arylesterase and lactonase associated with protection of lipoproteins and cell membranes against oxidative modification. OBJECTIVE: Based on antioxidative properties of PON1 and widely usage of 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives in pharmaceutical, agricultural, and materials chemistry, herein we aimed to evaluate PON1 activator potentials of 1,3,4-thiadiazole based compounds. METHOD: 2-[[5-(2,4-Difluoro/dichlorophenylamino)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl]thio] acetophenone derivatives (1-18), previously synthesized by our research group, were in vitro evaluated for their activator effects on PON1 which was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation (60-80%) and DEAE-Sephadex anion exchange chromatography...
May 17, 2018: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
M S Indu, Jose Padikkala, Achuthan C Raghavamenon
Apart from the conventional hypolipidemic therapy, plaque regression through enhanced reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) has emerged as novel approach in atherosclerotic drug development. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) mimetics as well as agents that augment the functional HDL and RCT pathways are under intense exploration. Desmodium gyrans (Fabacea) has been shown to have hypolipidemic efficacy, with an HDL-enhancing property. In this study, a chromatographically purified active fraction of D. gyrans (DGMAF) significantly decreased the serum and lipid profiles as well as lipotoxicity in liver in Wistar rats fed with high-fat diet (HFD)...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Omar M E Abdel-Salam, Asmaa F Galal, Mahrousa M Hassanane, Lamiaa M Salem, Somaia A Nada, Fatma A Morsy
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment with grape seed extract (GSE) on the neurotoxic and genotoxic effects of acute malathion exposure. Rats received malathion (150 mg/kg by i.p. injection) for two successive days alone or combined with GSE at doses of 150 or 300 mg/kg, orally or with GSE at 300 mg/kg and atropine at a dose of 2 mg/kg, i.p. Malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), nitric oxide, paraoxonase (PON1) were determined in cortex, striatum, and rest of brain tissue (subcortex)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Omar M E Abdel-Salam, Eman R Youness, Reham Shehab ElNemr Esmail, Nadia A Mohammed, Yasser A Khadrawy, Amany A Sleem, Amany Mamdouh Abdulaziz
We examined the effect of treatment with neostigmine alone or with atropine on brain oxidative stress and on brain and liver tissue damage following acute malathion toxicity. Rats were intraperitoneally treated with malathion 150 mg/kg along with neostigmine (200 or 400 μg/kg) or neostigmine (200 μg/kg) + atropine (1 mg/kg) and euthanized 4 h later. Results indicated that compared with the saline group, malathion resulted in (i) higher brain malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (46.4% and 86.2%); (ii) decreased brain reduced glutathione (GSH) (67...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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