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Abdominal echography

Natalya I Dyakiv-Koreiba
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today, diabetes is considered a factor that provokes the development of bile duct disease. Cholelithiasis is associated with such risk factors as aging, high body mass index, female sex, genetic predisposition, alcohol abuse, high concentration of triglycerides and cholesterol, low density lipoprotein in blood plasma The aim of the work is to analyze the clinical and laboratory features of the pathology of the gall bladder in patients with type 2 diabetes, depending on the sex...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ji Yeon Shin, Bo Hyun Kim, Young Keum Kim, Tae Hwa Kim, Eun Heui Kim, Min Jin Lee, Jong Ho Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) presents the most serious health problems and contributes to the increased mortality in young women with Turner syndrome. Arterial hypertension in Turner syndrome patients is significantly more prevalent than that in a general age-matched control group. The aetiology of hypertension in Turner syndrome varies, even in the absence of cardiac anomalies and obvious structural renal abnormalities. Pheochromocytoma is an extremely rare cause among various etiologies for hypertension in patients with Turner syndrome...
May 10, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Antonio Muscari, Ilaria Spiller, Giampaolo Bianchi, Elisa Fabbri, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
BACKGROUND: Several predictors of cognitive impairment assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) have previously been identified. However, which predictors are the most relevant and what is their effect on MMSE categories remains unclear. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study using data from 1116 older adults (72.6 ± 5.6 years, 579 female), 350 of whom were followed for 7 years. At baseline, the following variables were collected: personal data, marital status, occupation, anthropometric measures, risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health and physical activity during the last week...
March 27, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Frédéric Rouyer, Fabrice Dami, Olivier Grosgurin, Valériane Rossier, Majd Ramlawi, Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier T Rutschmann
Emergency medicine is part of the current stream of efficient and qualitative medicine : 1) the modified Valsava maneuver results in the resolution of almost 50% of supra-ventricular tachycardia without any drug; 2) lung echography performed by emergency physicians is a very sensitive and specific diagnostic tool for most thoracic emergencies; 3) cardiopulmonary resuscitation initiated by lay-rescuers improves short and long-term outcome; 4) no anticoagulant treatment is warranted in distal deep vein thrombosis and 5) systematic unenhanced abdominal CT might improve evaluation of elderly patients with acute abdominal pain...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Koji Nanmoku, Yoshihiko Watarai, Shunji Narumi, Norihiko Goto, Takayuki Yamamoto, Makoto Tsujita, Takahisa Hiramitsu, Akio Katayama, Takaaki Kobayashi, Kazuharu Uchida
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is becoming a more common problem for dialysis patients. Therefore, transplant surgeons are faced with the need to develop surgical techniques and procedures for severe atherosclerosis. This study aimed to clarify the clinical features, the usefulness of examinations, and operative procedures for kidney transplant recipients with the complication of severe atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 220 kidney transplant candidates, 13 patients (severe atherosclerosis group) were predicted complications due to arterial calcification in the bilateral iliac arterial system using a computed tomographic scan...
December 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Tsuji, Satoko Uematsu, Koichi Kamei
The diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is often delayed because it is usually misdiagnosed as pneumonia or deep vein thrombosis. We report an unusual case of PE misdiagnosed as viral pleuritis on the first arrival at the emergency department (ED) in our hospital. A 14-year-old girl with no previous significant medical history was referred to the ED with pleuritic and chest pain with low-grade fever 4 days before admission.Echography showed a small amount of left pleural effusion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram was normal...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Henri Donald Mutarambirwa, Bruno Kenfack, Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue
Abdominal pregnancy (AP) accounts for 1% of ectopic implantations. In sub-Saharan Africa, the high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections explains the increasing frequency of this pathology. In Cameroon it rose from 1/10000 deliveries (1995) to 3.3/10000 (2015). Authors herein report a case of a viable abdominal pregnancy discovered at term during emergency laparotomy for suspected uterine rupture. The 24-year-old G2P0 patient was HIV-positive, under antiretrovirals, though AP exceptionally occurs in HIV patients...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ji-Won Han, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
RATIONALE: Few case reports of umbilical arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have been reported. Herein, we report a neonatal case of umbilical AVM who underwent liver failure after surgical excision. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a girl delivered at a gestational age of 39+5 weeks showing cyanosis and heart murmur. DIAGNOSES: Cardiac echography, abdominal ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography revealed suspecting the umbilical AVM...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Piton, R Parel, E Delabrousse, G Capellier
To report the interest of abdominal ultrasonography for confirming the appropriate location of nasogastric tube (NGT) in the stomach using a new dynamic test, and to illustrate the aspect of this test at ultrasonography. Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal ultrasonography and video of the stomach visualized by ultrasonography. We describe the video of a critically ill patient in whom, immediately after NGT insertion, aspiration of gastric liquid and instillation within the NGT was associated with ultrasonographic evidence of turbulences in the stomach...
May 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mirela Mery, Stéphanie Palengat, Romaric Loffroy, Magali Vernet, Pascal Matet, Violaine Cherblanc
Distal embolization of a fractured indwelling central catheter is a rare complication. The pinch-off syndrome (POS) should be known, prevented and early detected. We present a case in which further radiological exams were required to find the fragmented catheter with an atypical migration, requiring local surgery for removing. After chest and abdominal CT scan, neck X-ray, and heart echography, the catheter was found on the lower limbs X-ray on the internal side of right knee corresponding to a location of saphenous vein...
June 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Hiroyoshi Doi, Kaoru Izumi, Sho Kawasaki, Nobuo Jimi, Rieko Sumiyoshi, Keiichiro Mizuno
Compression and obstruction of the duodenum can occur after surgical correction of spinal scoliosis. We report a case of 15-year-old girl who developed superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) following scoliosis surgery. On the 4th postoperative day, the patient complained of nausea and vomiting, which was considered as side effects of opioids as she was treated with intravenous fentanyl infusion with patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) device. Nasogastric tube was placed and background infusion rate of the PCA was tapered...
January 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Megumi Yamaguchi, Toshikatsu Fukuda, Masahiro Nakahara, Mio Amano, Daisuke Takei, Masumi Kawashima, Yusuke Sumi, Hironobu Amano, Shuji Yonehara, Keiji Hanada, Toshio Noriyuki
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is a rare tumor. This neoplasm usually arises as a single mass; multicentricity is exceptionally rare. We report the preoperative diagnosis of multicentric SPNs by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). A 32-year-old woman presented to the hospital with a pancreatic tumor that was detected on abdominal echography. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans revealed a 5-mm low-density mass in the body of the pancreas and a 10-mm mass in the tail of the pancreas...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
Savino Occhionorelli, Daniela Tartarini, Giovanni Pascale, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Rocco Stano, Giorgio Vasquez
BACKGROUND: Benign multicystic mesothelioma is a rare pathology. Few cases are reported in the medical literature and acute presentation is extremely uncommon. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an acute clinical presentation of the neoplasm that revealed itself with signs and symptoms attributable to acute appendicitis in a 41-year-old white man. Abdominal echography and computed tomography scans demonstrated the presence of a mass in direct contiguity with cecal fundus, but diagnosis remained unclear...
February 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mircea Mureşan, Simona Mureşan, Tivadar Bara, Radu Neagoe, Daniela Sala, Bogdan Suciu
BACKGROUND: The incisional hernia continues to be a frequent complication of laparotomies. The purpose of study is the analysis of hernia disease relapse after one year after different open plasties methods of the abdominal wall. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was performed that included 142 patients. An analysis was performed on the individual data, the level of obesity, intra-surgical variations in intra-abdominal pressure, the intensity of post-surgical pain, the post-surgical complications, and the types of plasties of abdominal wall, simple and with polypropylene mesh...
September 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Tomotsugu Yasuda, Keiji Yamaguchi, Takahiro Futatsuki, Hiroaki Furubeppu, Mayumi Nakahara, Tomohiro Eguchi, Shotaro Miyamoto, Yutaro Madokoro, Shinsaku Terada, Kentaro Nakamura, Hiroki Harada, Taniguchi Junichiro, Kosuke Yanagimoto, Yasuyuki Kakihana
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether changes in hepatic oxygenation can be detected by time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) placed on the skin surface above the liver. METHODS: With approval of the local Hospital Ethics Committee and informed consent, six healthy volunteers aged 28.8 (25-36) years, and five patients with chronic renal failure aged 70.6 (58-81) years were studied. In six healthy volunteers, following echography, TRS (TRS-10, Hamamatsu Photonics K...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Gaël Piton, Gilles Capellier, Eric Delabrousse
OBJECTIVES: To report the utility of abdominal ultrasonography to identify portal venous gas in patients with shock, as an indicator of acute mesenteric ischemia, and to illustrate the aspect of portal venous gas on ultrasonography. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography, and video of portal venous gas. STUDY SELECTION: Not applicable. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant information contained in the medical observation of the patient and selection of image and video of ultrasonography performed in the patient...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Monica Georgescu, Arnaud Sacccomandi, Bernard Baudron, Philippe L Arbeille
BACKGROUND: A robotic arm was developed by our laboratory for tele-operated echography on patients in locations isolated from a trained sonographer. The objective of the study was to evaluate, over a 1-year period, the use of the robotic arm for telesonography performed by a sonographer located at the University Hospital (Tours, France) on patients in two isolated medical centers 50 km away linked via the Internet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nonsonographer operator (physician or paramedic) located the ultrasound probe attached to the robotic arm over the appropriate acoustic window for the organ of interest by rolling the whole robotic arm and mechanical support across the floor...
April 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
M Y Yanitskaya, V G Sapozhnikov
UNLABELLED: On the basis of 15 years' of experience the criteria of assessment of the colon was developed when performing hydrocolonic echography (HCE) and the possibilities of HCE are evaluated at chronic constipations (CC) in children. A retrospective cross research of results of HCE in 263 children with CC aged from 14 days to 17 years was conducted. HCE allowed to evaluate the position of the colon in the abdominal cavity, gave information on lengthening and lumen of the colon, structure of the intestinal wall, haustra, peculiarities of the functioning of the colon in real time...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Reishi Toshiyama, Masayoshi Tokuoka, Yoshihito Ide, Hiroyuki Yamato, Yoko Yamamoto, Mitsunobu Takeda, Yasushi Hashimoto, Jin Matsuyama, Shigekazu Yokoyama, Takashi Morimoto, Yukio Fukushima, Takashi Nomura, Ken Kodama, Yo Sasaki, Masashi Takeda
A 78-year-old-man visited a nearby doctor for treatment of hepatitis C and high blood pressure.He was diagnosed with right hydronephrosis by abdominal echography conducted in follow-up of hepatitis C treatment in November 2011; he was then introduced to our hospital for close inspection and medical treatment.We observed wall hyperplasia and narrowing of the lumen in the central sigmoid part by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT).The right ureter at the L4/5 level showed wall hyperplasia and a deep color, and the right ureter, renal pelvis, and calix were expanded on the head side...
April 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
O Wéry, M Bihin
We report a case of complete transmural migration through the colic wall, followed by spontaneous defecation, of a surgical sponge left behind in the abdominal cavity (gossypiboma) during a vaginal hysterectomy with oophorectomy. The process results from encapsulation of the surgical sponge with fistulization through the colic wall. No functional damage followed this defecation because either the fistula closed early, or the sponge remained temporarily entrapped in a colic fold. The diagnosis was based on echography and computed tomography...
November 2014: Revue Médicale de Liège
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