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Digestive endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666025/-ingestion-of-caustic-substances-an-analysis-of-the-safety-and-benefit-of-a-less-aggressive-protocol
#1
Noelia Ripoll Trujillo, Lidia Martínez Sánchez, Anna Habimana Jordana, Victoria Trenchs Sainz de La Maza, Víctor Vila Miravet, Carles Luaces Cubells
INTRODUCTION: The ingestion of a caustic agent is the most common cause of admission after being in contact with a domestic product. A group of patients could be considered low risk and not require aggressive procedures such a corticosteroid administration and endoscopy, especially in the paediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and benefit of a less aggressive protocol for patients defined as low risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analytical-observational study conducted on patients who consulted for caustic ingestion between January 2011 and December 2015...
April 14, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658767/quality-indicators-in-colonoscopy-the-colonoscopy-procedure
#2
Antonio Sánchez Del Río, Shirley Pérez Romero, Julio López-Picazo, Fernando Alberca de Las Parras, Javier Júdez, Joaquín León Molina
The aim of the project this paper is part of was to propose quality and safety procedures and indicators to facilitate quality improvement in digestive endoscopy units. In this second issue, procedures and indicators are suggested regarding colonoscopy. First, a diagram charting the previous and subsequent steps of colonoscopy was designed. A group of experts in health care quality and/or endoscopy, under the auspices of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva (SEPD), performed a qualitative review of the literature regarding colonoscopy-related quality indicators...
April 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658644/current-status-and-future-perspectives-of-endoscopic-full-thickness-resection
#3
REVIEW
Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Noriko Nishiyama, Tsutomu Masaki
Flexible endoscopy has developed from a diagnostic tool for tissue biopsy sampling to a treatment tool for endoscopic resection of neoplasms in the digestive tract. In the near future, one of the advanced endoscopic techniques, endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR), is expected to be a feasible endoscopic procedure. In the present review, systematic review of conventional exposed EFTR was carried out. Search queries were (endoscopic full-thickness resection or EFTR) (over-the-scope clip or OTSC) (Overstitch System) from 2015 to 2017...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651364/precision-of-em-simulation-based-wireless-location-estimation-in-multi-sensor-capsule-endoscopy
#4
Umair Khan, Yunxing Ye, Ain-Ul Aisha, Pranay Swar, Kaveh Pahlavan
In this paper, we compute and examine two-way localization limits for an RF endoscopy pill as it passes through an individuals gastrointestinal (GI) tract. We obtain finite-difference time-domain and finite element method-based simulation results position assessment employing time of arrival (TOA). By means of a 3-D human body representation from a full-wave simulation software and lognormal models for TOA propagation from implant organs to body surface, we calculate bounds on location estimators in three digestive organs: stomach, small intestine, and large intestine...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629892/does-digestive-symptoms-require-esophago-gastroscopy-prior-to-bariatric-procedure-assessment-of-6-years-experience
#5
Serdar Yormaz, Kafali Yilmaz, Husnu Alptekin, Ilhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Bayram Colak, Mehmet Ertugrul Kafali, Enes Sahin, Mustafa Sahin
AIM: Performance of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery is still a controversial subject. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of performing preoperative EGE in a cohort of bariatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed between March 2010 and June 2016. We divided the study participants into two groups: group A comprised subjects without disturbing upper digestive signs, while group B comprised patients with disturbing upper digestive signs...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620969/clinical-analysis-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-the-synchronous-multiple-primary-early-cancers-in-esophagus-and-stomach-12-cases-report
#6
Qiang Shi, Di Sun, Shi-Lun Cai, Mei-Dong Xu, Zhi-Peng Qi, Bing Li, Li-Qing Yao, Yun-Shi Zhong, Ping-Hong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: With the improvement of endoscopic diagnosis, the discovery rate of the synchronous multiple primary early cancers in esophagus and stomach is gradually increased, while the traditional surgery bringing serious damages. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become the first treatment option of early cancer in the digestive tract partly. This study intends to explore the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of ESD in the treatment of the synchronous multiple early gastric cancer or precancerous lesions in the esophagus and stomach...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620410/sedation-assisted-by-an-endoscopist-sae-for-complex-endoscopic-procedures-is-it-time-to-change-the-current-guidelines
#7
Pablo Hernán Ocaña
Currently, sedation in endoscopic procedures is considered a necessary condition and a criterion of quality in digestive endoscopy. The role of SAE in conventional endoscopic procedures is clearly established in clinical guidelines, but this is not so clear in complex endoscopic procedures, such as ERCP. In recent years, numerous studies have been published, with results similar to those noticed in this article, endorsing the safety, efficacy and efficiency of SAE, when performed by properly trained staff.
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581748/osteoporosis-as-an-initial-manifestation-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-a-case-report
#8
Hongyun Wei, Chunhui Ouyang, Dehong Peng, Fanggen Lu, Jie Zhang
The present case report details a rare case of osteoporosis as the initial manifestation of Crohn's disease (CD). A 43-year-old male was referred to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (Changsha, China) for further examination of low back pain (LBP) without digestive symptoms. Bone mineral density (BMD) analysis indicated osteoporosis, particularly in the lumbar spine. Endoscopy revealed an inflamed and strictured ileocecal valve with less inflammation in the ascending, transverse colon, sigmoid colon and rectum, compatible with CD, which was in accordance with the appearance of an abdominal computed tomography scan...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578351/endoscopy-and-sedation-an-inseparable-binomial-for-the-gastroenterologist
#9
Javier Crespo, Álvaro Terán
The development of endoscopy and its increasing demand among the population have led to a growing need for propofol-based sedation techniques. Benefit is indisputable for both patients and endoscopists, but some aspects require considering the "who" and "how" of sedation as related to safety and health care costs. Propofol is first-choice in endoscopy for the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy because of its fast onset of action and short half-life, and many reports exist on its safety when used by gastroenterologists rather than anesthesiologists...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577221/-application-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-radical-total-gastrectomy-to-gastric-cancer-patients-with-body-mass-index-%C3%A2-24-kg-m-2
#10
Ting Cong, Guoxiao Liu, Kecheng Zhang, Yunhe Gao, Jianxin Cui, Xin Lan, Da Teng, Xiulin Huo, Bo Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term outcomes between robotic and laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy in gastric cancer patients with BMI index ≥24 kg/m2 . METHOD: Clinical data of 93 gastric cancer patients who underwent robotic and laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy at PLA General Hospital from April 2016 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The retrospective cohort study was adopted. INCLUSION CRITERIA: preoperatively definite diagnosis of primary gastric cancer by endoscopy and biopsy; preoperative BMI ≥24 kg/m2 ; no previous abdominal surgery; no previous chemotherapy and radiotherapy; no distant metastasis or invasion into adjacent organs before operation or during operation; receiving radical gastrectomy; Roux-en-Y reconstruction of digestive tract in open procedure...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574408/european-evidence-based-guidelines-on-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms
#11
(no author information available yet)
Evidence-based guidelines on the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN) are lacking. This guideline is a joint initiative of the European Study Group on Cystic Tumours of the Pancreas, United European Gastroenterology, European Pancreatic Club, European-African Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, European Digestive Surgery, and the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. It replaces the 2013 European consensus statement guidelines on PCN. European and non-European experts performed systematic reviews and used GRADE methodology to answer relevant clinical questions on nine topics (biomarkers, radiology, endoscopy, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), serous cystic neoplasm, rare cysts, (neo)adjuvant treatment, and pathology)...
March 24, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549684/lipoma-of-the-transverse-colon-covered-by-tubulovillous-adenoma-a-rare-indication-for-surgical-treatment
#12
M Moschetta, R Virelli, F Laricchia, V Alberotanza, M Telegrafo, G Angelelli, A A Stabile Ianora
Lipomas of the digestive tract are rare benign tumours which, in most cases, are totally asymptomatic. Because of their localization within the intestinal wall, endoscopy may be completely negative so contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) is very important for detecting and typing these lesions. The case of a 49-year-old man with abdominal pain is presented. Colonoscopy and biopsy of a polypoid lesion on the right colonic flexure concluded for tubulovillous adenoma. The subsequent CT showed a polylobate lesion of 5 cm in diameter with predominant fat density causing luminal sub-stenosis...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545870/diagnostic-value-of-omom-capsule-endoscopy-for-small-bowel-diseases-in-adults
#13
Lili Zhang, Junsong Shen, Linchun Guo, Fenggan Cheng, Qi Fan, Keqian Ni, Shujing Xia, Detong Zhou
The present study aimed to determine the diagnostic yield of OMOM capsule endoscopy for small bowel diseases in adults. A total of 89 patients, including 45 cases of obscure abdominal pain, 22 of chronic diarrhea, 18 of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and 4 of obscure anemia were enrolled in the present study. The transit time of the endoscopy capsule in the digestive tract was recorded and the testing results were analyzed. All detections were completed except for four capsule retentions and the completion rate was 95...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542326/sedation-with-propofol-in-digestive-endoscopy-administered-by-gastroenterologists-experience-in-a-venezuelan-hospital
#14
Ramón E Ruiz-Curiel, Ydaly Bonilla H, Alberto Baptista, Manuel Bronstein
OBJECTIVES: propofol is a rapid acting hypnotic that is becoming the drug of choice for sedation in digestive endoscopy worldwide. There is some controversy with regard to the use of propofol by physicians who are not anesthesiologists. We present our experience of the administration of propofol by endoscopist and nursing personnel. METHODS: this was a retrospective study of sedation in endoscopy. Propofol was exclusively used and administered by the endoscopist who performed the procedure and the nursing staff...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541469/a-rare-case-of-advanced-lung-cancer-presenting-as-a-symptomatic-gastric-tumor
#15
Cornelia Nitipir, Octav Ginghina, Liliana Popa, Florin Andrei, Nicolaie Tudor, Irina Radu, Cristian Iaciu, Cristina Orlov, Florina Vasilescu, Cristian Balalau, Grigoris Leon, Carolina Negrei, Maria Alexandra Barbu
Although gastric metastases have been estimated to occur in less than 2% of cancer patients, an increased use of upper digestive tract endoscopy allows for a higher detection of secondary gastric tumors. We describe the case of a 66-year-old male patient presenting with mild pain in the sternum and upper abdominal area. Physical examination revealed a right parietal skull tumor, with no other significant clinical changes. Upon exclusion of an acute coronary syndrome, upper digestive tract endoscopy was performed, showing the presence of an ulcerated tumor located in the gastric fundus...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531469/four-cancer-cases-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-time-to-start-screening-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#16
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528033/incidence-of-childhood-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-central-brazil-how-many-are-we-missing
#17
L O Gonçalves, M M Lopes, E R Rezende, G Rs Segundo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in childhood. The study aim is to determine the incidence of EoE in pediatric patients submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE), with analysis of epidemiological data regarding sex, age, symptomatology, the frequency of atopy and endoscopic and histological findings. METHODS: A retrospective, observational and analytical study performed with an evaluation of medical records of patients aged 0 to 14 years who underwent to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a tertiary hospital from January 2004 to January 2014...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519377/a-multidisciplinary-approach-on-the-perioperative-antithrombotic-management-of-patients-with-coronary-stents-undergoing-surgery-surgery-after-stenting-2
#18
REVIEW
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509534/esophageal-reconstruction-with-the-stomach-a-functional-dilemma
#19
Dragoş Predescu, Silviu Constantinoiu
Background: A few decades ago, esophageal substitution was mainly dedicated particularly in postcaustic esophageal stenosis; currently, the reconstruction has expanded its palette of indications to other areas of benign esophageal pathology (severe motor disorders, esophageal achalasia with multiple relapses, peptic stenosis, etc.) but has also become a quasi-obligatory final time in the esophagectomy for cancer whenever it is possible. The techniques of esophageal reconstruction using the stomach, regardless of the indication and the chosen technical option, remain a valuable and effective method...
January 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501267/paradoxical-cerebral-embolism-after-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#20
Hajime Ikenouchi, Naoto Sugeno, Takaaki Nakamura, Junpei Kobayashi, Ryuji Oshima, Hiroshi Kuroda, Masashi Aoki
Development of paradoxical cerebral embolism requires both unstable venous thrombosis and right-to-left shunt (RLS). Gastrointestinal endoscopy (GE) has the potential to affect intrathoracic and abdominal venous thrombi and to enhance RLS because the procedure alters intrathoracic and abdominal pressure. We describe a patient with Crohn's disease who developed paradoxical cerebral embolism after GE. Both an unstable venous thrombus in the superior vena cava and RLS through patent foramen ovale were thought to be responsible for the stroke...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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