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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038676/adult-onset-henoch-schonlein-purpura-duodenitis
#1
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel A Ona, Charilaos Papafragkakis, Madhavi Reddy
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated vasculitis. HSP presents with purple spots on the skin (purpura), arthralgia, digestive problems, and kidney injury. HSP is most commonly seen in children, and rarely presents in adults. The pathogenesis involves the deposition of immune complexes in small to medium size blood vessels which leads to necrosis and inflammation. Most patients recover after symptomatic treatment, while more severe cases are treated with steroids. We report a 28-year-old female patient who presented with two episodes of hematemesis, worsening abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024444/role-of-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-detecting-distal-duodenal-lesions-a-single-center-pilot-study-in-south-china
#2
Weiguang Qiao, Zemin Han, Yutang Ren, Tongyin Xing, Wenxin Tan, Side Liu, Fachao Zhi
OBJECTIVE: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is the standard instrument to detect diseases of the upper digestive tract. However, the deep areas of the duodenum are often missed. This study aimed to clarify the diagnostic role of EGD in the distal duodenum. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 63 patients with distal duodenal lesions between January 2004 and July 2016. Rate of missed diagnosis on EGD examination was calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with missed diagnosis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988888/small-bowel-tumors-a-digestive-endoscopy-society-of-taiwan-dest-multicenter-enteroscopy-based-epidemiologic-study
#3
Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Ming Tai, Tien-Yu Huang, Chen-Wang Chang, Kuan-Chih Chen, Chao-Ming Tseng, Horng-Yuan Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Jiann-Ming Wu, Yun Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Small bowel (SB) accounts for the majority of gastrointestinal tract but its tumors are rare and always overlooked. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of SB tumors. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study utilized endoscopy database from 2006/11 to 2016/07. Baseline demographic characteristics, clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings were collected. RESULTS: Totally 103 (34 benign, 69 malignant lesions) patients with SB tumors in 1070 enteroscopic examinations were enrolled...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978884/a-case-of-synchronous-quintuple-gastric-cancer-with-large-cell-endocrine-carcinoma
#4
Momotaro Muto, Mizue Muto, Kazuhiko Ichiki, Chisato Ishikawa, Takaaki Hosoki, Mitsutaka Inoue, Junichi Goto, Satoshi Inaba
The patient was a 73-year-old man who visited our department with black stools as the chief complaint. Upper digestive tract endoscopy revealed three type 2 lesions in the lesser curvature of the gastric antrum and the gastric angle and the posterior wall of the upper gastric body, which were diagnosed by biopsy as tub2, por, and sig, respectively. Total gastrectomy was performed. The final pathological diagnosis was quintuple gastric cancer with a main lesion of large-cell endocrine carcinoma and four adenocarcinoma sublesions...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963698/hereditary-lysozyme-amyloidosis-with-sicca-syndrome-digestive-arterial-and-tracheobronchial-involvement-case-based-review
#5
REVIEW
Audrey Benyamine, Fanny Bernard-Guervilly, Céline Tummino, Nicolas Macagno, Laurent Daniel, Sophie Valleix, Brigitte Granel
Lysozyme amyloidosis (ALys) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary systemic amyloidosis associated with a large spectrum of clinical manifestations. ALys phenotype mainly involves the digestive tract, liver and spleen, kidneys, lymph nodes, skin, and lachrymal and salivary glands. Very recently, cardiac involvement and peripheral neuropathy associated with a new p.Leu102Ser variant of lysozyme have been documented. In the present observation, we extend the phenotypic heterogeneity of ALys to the tracheobronchial tree with histologically proven bronchial ALys-amyloid deposits...
November 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960628/treatment-of-gastric-eosinophilia-by-epicutaneous-immunotherapy-in-piglets-sensitized-to-peanuts
#6
L Mondoulet, N Kalach, V Dhelft, T Larcher, C Delayre-Orthez, P H Benhamou, J Spergel, H A Sampson, C Dupont
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders (EGIDs) are hypersensitivity disorders frequently triggered by food allergy and manifested by mucosal eosinophilic infiltration at any level of the gastro-intestinal tract. This study established a model of gastric eosinophilia in peanut-sensitized piglets to evaluate the efficacy of epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) for its treatment. METHODS: Experiments were carried out in piglets first sensitized by 3 intra-peritoneal injections of peanut protein extract (PPE) with adjuvant, and then given PPE orally for 10 days, a sequence leading to gastric eosinophilia assessed by endoscopy...
September 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954044/histological-features-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Adriana Elisabeth Aguiar Benavides Carrasco, Rodrigo Strehl Machado, Francy Reis da Silva Patrício, Elisabete Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis is an emerging disease featured by eosinophilic esophageal infiltrate not responsive to proton pump inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: To characterize histological features of children and adolescents with eosinophilic esophagitis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital. Biopsies from each esophageal third from 14 patients (median age 7 years) with eosinophilic esophagitis were evaluated. Histological features evaluated included morphometry of esophageal epithelium, esophageal density (per high power field), extracellular eosinophilic granules, eosinophilic microabscesses, surface disposition of eosinophils, epithelial desquamation, peripapillary eosinophilia, basal layer hyperplasia and papillary elongation...
September 21, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951293/targeted-temperature-management-using-the-esophageal-cooling-device-after-cardiac-arrest-the-cool-study-a-feasibility-and-safety-study
#8
Antoine Goury, Florent Poirson, Ulriikka Chaput, Sebastian Voicu, Pierre Garçon, Thomas Beeken, Isabelle Malissin, Lamia Kerdjana, Jonathan Chelly, Dominique Vodovar, Haikel Oueslati, Jean Michel Ekherian, Philippe Marteau, Eric Vicaut, Bruno Megarbane, Nicolas Deye
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) between 32 and 36°C is recommended after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of the "Esophageal Cooling Device" (ECD) in performing TTM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-centre, prospective, interventional study included 17 comatose OHCA patients. Main exclusion criteria were: delay between OHCA and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)>60min, delay between sustained ROSC and inclusion >360min, known oesophageal disease...
September 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951114/italian-society-of-digestive-endoscopy-sied-position-paper-on-the-non-anaesthesiologist-administration-of-propofol-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#9
Rita Conigliaro, Lorella Fanti, Mauro Manno, Piero Brosolo
Propofol sedation by non-anesthesiologists in GI endoscopy, despite generally considered a safe procedure, is still a matter of debate. Benefits of propofol sedation include rapid onset of action, greater patient comfort and fast recovery with prompt discharge from the endoscopy unit. The use of propofol for sedation in GI endoscopy, preceded by dedicated training courses, has been approved by several anaesthesiologist and gastroenterologist societies but an Italian position paper taking into account the Italian law is lacking...
September 5, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939284/modulation-of-galectin-3-and-galectin-9-in-gastric-mucosa-of-patients-with-chronic-gastritis-and-positive-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#10
Rayane Bernardes Estevam, Natalia Maria Jacom Wood da Silva, Wood da Silva, Fernanda Machado Fonseca, Adriana Gonçalves de Oliveira, Nogueira, Sanívia Aparecida de Lima Pereira, Thiago Lima Pereira, Sheila Jorge Adad, Virmondes Júnior Rodrigues, Denise Bertulucci Rocha Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: Galectins are mediators that play an important role in the inflammatory response and in this study we analyzed the expression of Galectins (Gal) -1, -3 and -9 in biopsies of the gastric antrum of patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODOLOGY: 44 patients with upper digestive tract symptoms were evaluated, and underwent Upper Digestive Endoscopy examination. Sections of the gastric antrum were fixed in buffered formaldehyde at 4% in order to perform the anatomopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis for Galectins-1, -3 and -9 expression...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935445/-usefulness-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#11
Chloé Leandri, Benoit Bordacahar, Sophie Ribiere, Ammar Oudjit, Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Bertrand Brieau, Frédéric Prat, Vered Abitbol, Stanislas Chaussade, Romain Coriat
In France, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhages have an estimated annual incidence of 143 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Classically, two types of digestive hemorrhage are described: acute and chronic digestive hemorrhages. Upper endoscopy is carried out in case of hematemesis or melena. It requires that the patient has been fasting for at least 6hours for solids and 3hours for liquids. The main etiologies of hemorrhagic hemorrhage of the origin are the vascular abnormalities, inflammatory or drug-induced ulcerations, intestinal tumors, Meckel's diverticulum, and Dieulafoy ulcer...
September 18, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894616/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-presenting-with-streptococcus-intermedius-cerebral-abscess
#12
Rabih Nayfe, Mustafa S Ascha, Esther H Rehmus
BACKGROUND: Cerebral abscess is caused by inoculation of an organism into the brain parenchyma from a site distant from the central nervous system. Streptococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) is a commensal organism that is normally present in the aerodigestive tract and was reported to be the cause of brain abscesses after esophageal dilatation or upper endoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with hematemesis and melena followed by left-sided weakness...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891139/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Nicolas Kalach, Patrick Bontems, Josette Raymond
Helicobacter pylori infection in children differs from that in adults, from the point of view of epidemiology, host response, clinical features, related diseases, and diagnosis, as well as treatment strategies. The prevalence of H. pylori infection, in both children and adults, is decreasing in the Western World as well as in some developing countries, which contrasts with the increase in childhood asthma and allergic diseases. Recurrent abdominal pain is not specific during H. pylori infection in children...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888897/hepatobiliary-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Fernanda de S Nascimento, Nelson A Sena, Tatiane da A Ferreira, Cibele D F Marques, Luciana R Silva, Edna Lúcia Souza
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the frequency of hepatobiliary disease in patients with cystic fibrosis and to describe the sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory profile of these patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive, and analytical study of 55 patients diagnosed with cystic fibrosis, aged between 3 months and 21 years, followed-up from January 2008 to June 2016 in a referral center. Medical records were consulted and sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data, including hepatobiliary alterations, imaging studies, genetic studies, liver biopsies, and upper digestive endoscopies were registered...
September 7, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883296/multifocal-angiosarcoma-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-case-report
#15
Yosho Fukita, Ikuma Yasuda, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Tsutoshi Asaki, Seitaro Adachi, Michifumi Toyomizu, Takefumi Takeda, Naomi Suematsu
An 80-year-old man presented to our hospital with complaints of tarry stool and shortness of breath. A blood test confirmed marked anemia. On abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, neither hemorrhagic lesions nor tumorous lesions could be pointed out. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple erythematous flat elevated lesions, which were about 10mm in diameter, located between the stomach and the horizontal part of the duodenum. Colonoscopy revealed similar lesions throughout the entire colon...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871497/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-new-swallowable-intragastric-balloon-not-needing-endoscopy-early-italian-experience
#16
A Genco, I Ernesti, R Ienca, G Casella, S Mariani, D Francomano, E Soricelli, M Lorenzo, M Monti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new intragastric balloon (Elipse™ Balloon, Allurion Technologies, Natick, MA USA) not needing endoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The balloon was swallowed under fluoroscopy in 38 consecutive patients (F/M 28/10, mean age 46.4 ± 10.6 years, mean weight 109.7 ± 21.9 kg, and mean body mass index (BMI) 38.6 ± 6.7 kg/m(2)). After 4 months, the balloon spontaneously emptied and it was excreted through the digestive tract without upper endoscopy...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870046/-the-chinese-consensus-for-screening-diagnosis-and-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-early-adenocarcinoma-2017-wanning
#17
(no author information available yet)
Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE)/columnar lined esophagus (CLE) and adenocarcinoma are increasing, in whom 0.61% BE/CLE would develop to adenocarcinoma. The prognosis of esophageal cancer is related to the tumor stage at diagnosis. To standardize the screening, diagnosis and therapy of BE and adenocarcinoma in China, 31 digestive diseases and digestive endoscopy experts and digestive histologists drafted the consensus on the basis of clinical experience and references. The consensus defined BE as a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853800/-bariatric-surgery-complications-and-endoscopic-treatment
#18
Caroline Bastid, Michael Drepper, Philippe Bichard, Jean-Louis Frossard
Obesity is a major public health issue. Surgery is the most effective treatment to obtain weight loss, stabilize weight status and decrease comorbidities. Yet post-operative complications can be serious and their treatment can also be a real challenge. The low invasive nature of endoscopy makes it an alternative to surgery. It can be used to diagnose and treat digestive hemorrhage, ulcers, stenosis, anastomotic leakage or fistula. This article aims to review the different bariatric surgical techniques, complications and their specific endoscopic treatment options...
August 30, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835241/rectal-carcinoma-and-multiple-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-gist-of-the-small-intestine-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#19
Yuhei Hakozaki, Shinichi Sameshima, Teppei Tatsuoka, Takashi Okuyama, Yukinori Yamagata, Tamaki Noie, Masatoshi Oya, Akiko Fujii, Yoshihiko Ueda, Chieko Shimura, Kazumoto Katagiri
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomally dominant inherited disorder characterized by multiple pigmented skin spots (café-au-lait spots) and neurofibroma. NF1 is associated with a wide variety of benign or malignant tumors. We report a NF1 patient who received surgical treatment for rectal carcinoma and multifocal small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old female patient with NF1 was referred to our hospital after a positive fecal occult blood test...
August 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783922/training-in-endoscopy-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#20
REVIEW
Joon Sung Kim, Byung-Wook Kim
Gastrointestinal endoscopy is important in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of many diseases of the digestive tract. The ability to perform esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) safely, effectively, and efficiently has become the mainstay of gastroenterology practice. In Korea, EGD education is usually imparted as a component of gastroenterology training programs during fellowship. In this review, we discuss the general principles of EGD training. Formal curriculum development with devising clear goals and effective training methods should be developed in the future...
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
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