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Digestive endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900743/basic-training-in-digestive-endoscopy-for-resident-physicians-in-gastroenterology-recommendations-by-the-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-endoscopia-digestiva-seed
#1
Álvaro Brotons, Angels Vilella, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Catalina Garau, Albert Vila, Vicente Pons Beltrán, Carlos Dolz Abadía
Digestive endoscopy is the most effective tool available for the diagnosis of multiple gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions, and it represents a key aspect in the training of gastroenterology residents according to the Spanish MIR (médico interno residente) program. The Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva (SEED), aware of all the technical advances that have emerged during the past few years, deems it necessary to define a program of the skills specialists-in-training in gastroenterology should acquire during their residency...
June 14, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868627/carbon-dioxide-versus-air-insufflation-enteroscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Julio Cesar Martins Aquino, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Flávio Hiroshi Ananias Morita, Rodrigo Silva de Paula Rocha, Maurício Kazuyoshi Minata, Martin Coronel, Gustavo Luís da Silva Rodela, Robson Kiyoshi Ishida, Rogério Kuga, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
Objectives:  To compare the insufflation of CO 2 and ambient air in enteroscopy. Search sources:  The investigators researched the electronic databases MedLine, Cochrane Library, Central, LILACS, BVS, Scopus and Cinahl. The grey search was conducted in the base of theses of the University of São Paulo, books of digestive endoscopy and references of selected articles and in previous systematic revisions. Study eligibility criteria:  The evaluation of eligibility was performed independently, in a non-blind manner, by two reviewers, firstly by title and abstract, followed by complete text...
June 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860769/-screening-results-and-influencing-factors-of-upper-gastrointestinal-carcinoma-and-precancerous-lesions-in-feicheng-city
#3
Q H Li, C Y Yin, H B Li, Y Sun, Y X Wang, F Liu, X H Guo, G Q Wang, W Wang
Objective: To clarify the situation of the detection of upper gastrointestinal cancer and precancerous lesions in the Feicheng city and discuss the possible influencing factors. Methods: A cluster sampling method was used to determine the participants. A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the basic information including history of alcohol intake, smoking and chinese tea, as well as other eating habits, medical history of digestive tract and cancer. Endoscopy was used to to screen the patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer and precancerous lesions...
May 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806759/the-role-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-patients-with-early-esophageal-neoplasia
#4
Marek Kollar, Julius Spicak, Eva Honsova, Jana Krajciova, Zuzana Vackova, Jan Martinek
Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) enables realtime histopathological assessment during endoscopic procedures to evaluate epithelial and subepithelial structures with a 1000x magnification. It may be used in various localizations not only in the digestive tract, but its role in clinical practice is still a matter of discussion. The main advantages of pCLE compared to standard biopsies may be: (1) realtime diagnosis, (2) which may be done by the endoscopist and (3) a larger evaluated area compared to standard biopsies...
May 25, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805093/globular-amyloidosis-of-the-colon
#5
C Díaz Del Arco, M J Fernández Aceñero
Gastrointestinal involvement is frequent in systemic amyloidosis. However, amyloidosis can rarely be confined to the gastrointestinal tract or appear as a tumour mass. There have been few reports describing amyloid globular deposits in a variety of locations, as opposed to the usual linear ones. We herein report a rare case of globular amyloidosis involving the large bowel, which to the best of our knowledge is the second reported in the world literature. A 74-year-old man consulted on anaemia. Endoscopy showed ulcerative lesions in the left colon, which were biopsied and diagnosed as ischemic colitis...
May 24, 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796396/trichobezoar-induced-heartburn-in-a-teenage-girl-a-case-report
#6
Shahrazad Akbar, Lujayn Akbar, Nuralhuda Akbar, Ali Nawras
One of the most commonly encountered medical problems affecting all age groups in health care is abdominal pain. There are many surgical and medical causes behind this symptom; however, a rare cause of abdominal pain and other unspecific abdominal complaints are gastric bezoars. Gastric bezoars are defined as the accumulation of undigested or partially digested foreign materials in the stomach. They are typically found incidentally during upper endoscopy. Patients may present with abnormal behavior or eating disorders such as pica...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791425/-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-a-transpyloric-early-gastric-c%C3%A3-ncer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Juan Antonio Chirinos Vega, César García Delgado, Alfonso Delgado Vergara
The endoscopic sumucosal disection (ESD) is an advanced endoscopic technique that achieves the curative resection of superficial neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract, getting block exeresis with margins free of neoplasia avoiding surgery. However, tumors located in the esophagogastric junction, or pylorus, are technically more complex to resect by ESD. When a neoplasm settles in the pylorus, the anatomical characteristics of this region can affect the adequate assessment of the margins and the performance of the procedure...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791420/upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-applied-in-pediatrics-endoscopic-and-histological-findings-including-helicobacter-pylori
#8
Diego Soares Coca, Carolina Manna Santos, Osmar Silvio Garcia de Oliveira, Dayse Aparício Pereira, Carlos Jr Kiyoshi Furuya, Everson L A Artifon
OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss the endoscopic and histological results, as well as the incidence of Helicobacter pylori and other diseases, indications and characteristics of upper digestive endoscopies performed in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five endoscopies were performed in children aged six months to 11 years (mean 7.69 years), from February 2013 to January 2016. In 200 patients, endoscopies were diagnostic and serial biopsies were performed (esophagus, stomach and duodenum), in 120 of them...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785564/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-pediatric-patients-update-on-diagnosis-and-eradication-strategies
#9
REVIEW
Kallirroi Kotilea, Nicolas Kalach, Matjaž Homan, Patrick Bontems
Helicobacter pylori infection is acquired mainly in childhood and remains an essential cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. This article provides commentary on the last ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines and on publications made after the consensus conference of 2015. The majority of infected children are asymptomatic and pediatric studies do not support a role for H. pylori in functional disorders such as recurrent abdominal pain. The role of H. pylori infection in failure to thrive, children's growth, type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and celiac disease remains controversial...
May 22, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771079/-analysis-of-related-factors-of-coins-foreign-bodies-crossing-the-esophagus-in-204-cases-of-children
#10
W B Chen, Z R Zhou, Q Li, X F Shen
Objective: To analyze the related factors of coins crossing the esophagus by themselves in children. Method: Two hundred and four cases with coin esophageal foreign bodies in our hospital from April 2016 to June 2017 were selected,the sex, age, size and texture of foreign body and the time of foreign body insertion were analyzed. Result: Of the 204 children, 46 had esophageal foreign bodies falling off the digestive tract below the esophagus,44 cases were discharged by themselves,2 children were removed under digestive endoscopy,1 coins formed diverticulum at the entrance of esophagus...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756020/multicenter-prospective-evaluation-of-the-express-view-reading-mode-for-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-studies
#11
Jean-Christophe Saurin, Philippe Jacob, Laurent Heyries, Christian Pesanti, Franck Cholet, Isaac Fassler, James Boulant, Slim Bramli, Antoin De Leusse, Gabriel Rahmi
Background:  Reducing the reading time of capsule endoscopy films is of high priority for gastroenterologists. We report a prospective multicenter evaluation of an "express view" reading mode (Intromedic capsule system). Methods:  Eighty-three patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding were prospectively included in 10 centers. All patients underwent small-bowel capsule endoscopy (Intromedic, Seoul, Republic of Korea). Films were read in standard mode, then a second reading was performed in express view mode at a second center...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737316/perioperative-complications-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Antonio Iannelli, Patrick Treacy, Lionel Sebastianelli, Luigi Schiavo, Francesco Martini
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has known a spectacular rise worldwide during the last decade. The absence of digestive anastomosis simplifies the surgical technique, reducing anastomosis-related complications such as fistula, stricture and marginal ulcer. Furthermore, the respect for digestive continuity preserves the functions of pylorus, that regulates gastric emptying, and duodenum, where calcium, B vitamins and iron are absorbed. Despite the multiple advantages, SG also has specific complications such as bleeding, stenosis, portal thrombosis and leak...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733017/zenker-diverticulum-treatment-endoscopic-or-surgical
#13
Diana Ciuc, Rodica Birlă, Eugenia Panaitescu, Marcel Tanţău, Silviu Constantinoiu
Introduction: The Zenker Diverticulum is a rare pathology, the selection of patients for invasive treatments is questionable, as well as the applied therapeutic method. The aim of the study is to evaluate the main methods of classical and endoscopic surgical treatment in this pathology and to correlate pathophysiological aspects with clinical consequences. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We included 36 patients with Zenker hypopharyngeal diverticulum treated in 2010/2017 in two university clinics: 7 patients by classical surgical approach at the General and Esophageal Surgery Clinic of St...
March 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732153/long-term-disease-free-survival-of-gastric-mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-treated-with-multimodality-therapy-a-case-report
#14
Guangjian Yang, Dan Li, Fangchao Zheng, Lin Yang
Gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma, a rare malignant type of stomach tumor, is composed of components of adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine tumor. This type of neoplasm usually has a poor prognosis since both components are malignant. A 65-year-old male presented with norexia, epigastric distention, abdominal and lumbar pain. Contrast computed tomography scan of the abdomen verified multiple lesions merged into a large mass. Histolopathological examination of the specimen from digestive endoscopy was verified to be gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724301/-clinical-value-of-multi-slice-spiral-enhanced-ct-in-diagnosing-mild-digestive-tract-hemorrhage
#15
Xiao Ling Wen, Li Wang, Xiao Qin Song, Zhi Zhang, Xiao Fang Zhu, Shao Ping Wu
Objective To investigate the clinical value of multi-slice spiral CT(MSCT) in the diagnosis of mild digestive tract hemorrhage. Methods Thirty-five patients with mild gastrointestinal hemorrhage were examined by enhanced MSCT.CT signs were observed and compared with pathologic examination findings.Results Diseases in these 35 patients included gastric and duodenal ulcer and inflammation(n=4,11.4%),esophagogastric variceal rupture(n=7,20.0%),gastric carcinoma(n=3,8.6%),gastric stromal tumor(n=3,8.6%),gastric polyp(n=1,2...
April 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699505/relationship-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-bone-mineral-density-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#16
Bo-Lin Pan, Chih-Fang Huang, Seng-Kee Chuah, Jui-Chin Chiang, Song-Seng Loke
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection can induce individual inflammatory and immune reactions which associated with extra-digestive disorders. Our aim is to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and bone mineral density. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed by using the data from the health examination database in a medical center of southern Taiwan in 2013. We investigated the relationship between sex, age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumstance, lipid profile, H...
April 24, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694309/malakoplakia-of-the-large-intestine-an-incidental-extremely-rare-finding
#17
C Koutserimpas, A Ioannidis, M Demonakou, P Siaperas, A Skarpas, G Velimezis, I Karanikas
Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disease, most commonly found in the urinary tract. It appears be related to a functional deficiency of macrophages, resulting in an inability to destroy digested bacteria and it is associated with various conditions that cause immunodeficiency. A rare case of malakoplakia of the colon in a healthy 68-year old male is presented. The patient underwent emergency surgery with colon resection and an end stoma with closure of the distal bowel (Hartmann's procedure), due to incarcerated ventral hernia and sigmoid-colon rupture...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666025/-ingestion-of-caustic-substances-an-analysis-of-the-safety-and-benefit-of-a-less-aggressive-protocol
#18
Noelia Ripoll Trujillo, Lidia Martínez Sánchez, Anna Habimana Jordana, Victoria Trenchs Sainz de La Maza, Víctor Vila Miravet, Carles Luaces Cubells
INTRODUCTION: The ingestion of a caustic agent is the most common cause of admission after being in contact with a domestic product. A group of patients could be considered low risk and not require aggressive procedures such a corticosteroid administration and endoscopy, especially in the paediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and benefit of a less aggressive protocol for patients defined as low risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analytical-observational study conducted on patients who consulted for caustic ingestion between January 2011 and December 2015...
April 14, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658767/quality-indicators-in-colonoscopy-the-colonoscopy-procedure
#19
(no author information available yet)
The aim of the project this paper is part of was to propose quality and safety procedures and indicators to facilitate quality improvement in digestive endoscopy units. In this second issue, procedures and indicators are suggested regarding colonoscopy. First, a diagram charting the previous and subsequent steps of colonoscopy was designed. A group of experts in health care quality and/or endoscopy, under the auspices of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva (SEPD), performed a qualitative review of the literature regarding colonoscopy-related quality indicators...
May 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658644/current-status-and-future-perspectives-of-endoscopic-full-thickness-resection
#20
REVIEW
Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Noriko Nishiyama, Tsutomu Masaki
Flexible endoscopy has developed from a diagnostic tool for tissue biopsy sampling to a treatment tool for endoscopic resection of neoplasms in the digestive tract. In the near future, one of the advanced endoscopic techniques, endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR), is expected to be a feasible endoscopic procedure. In the present review, systematic review of conventional exposed EFTR was carried out. Search queries were (endoscopic full-thickness resection or EFTR) (over-the-scope clip or OTSC) (Overstitch System) from 2015 to 2017...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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