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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282366/comparing-azole-plasma-trough-levels-in-lung-transplant-recipients-percentage-of-therapeutic-levels-and-intrapatient-variability
#1
Daniela Stelzer, Alexandra Weber, Franziska Ihle, Sandhya Matthes, Felix Ceelen, Gregor Zimmermann, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Rene Schramm, Hauke Winter, Michael Zoller, Michael Vogeser, Juergen Behr, Claus Neurohr
BACKGROUND: This study compared therapeutic azole plasma trough levels (APL) of the azole antimycotics itraconazole (ITR), voriconazole (VOR), and posaconazole (POS) in lung transplant recipients and analyzed the influencing factors. In addition, intrapatient variability for each azole was determined. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2015, 806 APL of ITR, VOR, posaconazole liquid (POS-Liq), and posaconazole tablets (POS-Tab) were measured in 173 patients of the Munich Lung Transplantation Program...
April 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282309/recurrent-pantoprazole-associated-pancreatitis
#2
Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad F Khalid, Nicolas A Mungo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238945/nose-to-brain-transport-of-imatinib-mesylate-a-pharmacokinetic-evaluation
#3
Nobuko Hada, William Joseph Netzer, Fanny Belhassan, Lawrence Paul Wennogle, Sveinbjörn Gizurarson
The delivery of drugs to the brain is a constant challenge due to limitations imposed by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Various methods of bypassing the BBB are under investigation. One approach is intranasal administration, where the olfactory region of the nasal cavity extends up to the cranial cavity and provides direct access to the brain. The pharmacokinetics of this transport and factors that determine transport rates and capacity is of vital importance for evaluating the clinical value of this route...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197557/doubly-charged-trimeric-cluster-ions-effective-in-mutual-chiral-recognition-of-tadalafil-and-three-proton-pump-inhibitors
#4
Lu Wang, Yunfeng Chai, Wenquan Zhu, Yuanjiang Pan, Cuirong Sun, Su Zeng
Mutual chiral recognition of four stereoisomers of tadalafil and three pairs of enantiomers of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) including pantoprazole, lansoprazole, and omeprazole, as well as quantitative analysis of enantiomeric excess is achieved on the basis of the competitive fragmentation of doubly charged trimeric Ni(II) cluster ions. Compared with a singly charged trimeric cluster ion, a doubly charged trimeric cluster ion was proved efficient in the recognition of chiral drugs with one or multiple chiral centers, due to its rich fragmentation ions...
February 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188510/medication-use-and-risk-of-falls-among-nursing-home-residents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Andrea Bor, Mária Matuz, Márta Csatordai, Gábor Szalai, András Bálint, Ria Benkő, Gyöngyvér Soós, Péter Doró
Background Geriatric falls are leading causes of hospital trauma admissions and injury-related deaths. Medication use is a crucial element among extrinsic risk factors for falls. To reduce fall risk and the prevalence of adverse drug reactions, potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) lists are widely used. Objective Our aim was to investigate the possible predictors of geriatric falls annualized over a 5-year-long period, as well as to evaluate the medication use of nursing home residents. Setting Nursing home residents were recruited from the same institution between 2010 and 2015 in Szeged, Hungary...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177671/the-effect-of-short-term-oral-treatment-with-omeprazole-or-pantoprazole-on-the-function-of-polymorphonuclear-neutrophils
#6
Maja Kostrzewska, Marzena Garley, Wioletta Ratajczak, Ewa Jablonska, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Andrzej Dabrowski
Recent studies report an increased risk of enteric infections in patients treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) play a key role in host response to bacterial infection. We have evaluated the effect of omeprazole and pantoprazole treatment on the PMNs function. Fifteen patients were treated with omeprazole 20 mg daily and 15 patients with pantoprazole 40 mg daily for 7 days. Treatment with omeprazole or pantoprazole had no effect on spontaneous nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) test results...
January 22, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139495/efficacy-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-patients-with-duodenal-ulcers-a-pairwise-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Zhan-Hong Hu, Ai-Ming Shi, Duan-Min Hu, Jun-Jie Bao
BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare the efficacy and tolerance of different proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in different doses for patients with duodenal ulcers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database was searched to collect all randomized clinical trials (RCTs), and a pairwise and network meta-analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 24 RCTs involving 6188 patients were included. The network meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences for the 4-week healing rate of duodenal ulcer treated with different PPI regimens except pantoprazle 40 mg/d versus lansoprazole 15 mg/d [Relative risk (RR) = 3...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069467/validity-and-reliability-of-a-french-version-of-reflux-symptom-index
#8
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Camille Finck, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a French version of the Reflux Symptom Index (Fr-RSI) and to assess its internal consistency, reliability, and clinical validity. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with a reflux finding score > 7 and an Fr-RSI > 13 were enrolled and treated with 20 mg of pantoprazole twice daily and diet changes for 3 months. Ninety asymptomatic subjects were also included in the study...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045862/comparing-azole-plasma-trough-levels-in-lung-transplant-recipients-percentage-of-therapeutic-levels-and-intra-patient-variability
#9
Daniela Stelzer, Alexandra Weber, Franziska Ihle, Sandhya Matthes, Felix Ceelen, Gregor Zimmermann, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Rene Schramm, Hauke Winter, Michael Zoller, Michael Vogeser, Juergen Behr, Claus Neurohr
BACKGROUND: This study compared therapeutic azole plasma trough levels (APL) of the azole antimycotics itraconazole (ITR), voriconazole (VOR), and posaconazole (POS) in lung transplant recipients and analyzed the influencing factors. In addition, intra-patient variability for each azole was determined. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2015, 806 APL of ITR, VOR, POS liquid (POS-Liq), and POS tablets (POS-Tab) were measured in 173 patients of the Munich Lung Transplantation (LTx) Program...
December 29, 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045652/the-influence-of-changes-in-hospital-drug-formulary-on-the-prescription-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#10
Raquel Vázquez-Mourelle, Eduardo Carracedo-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of introducing omeprazole in the drug formulary of the Hospital de Barbanza on prescriptions made in hospital and out-of-hospital (Outpatient Units and Primary Care) for all Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 36-month retrospective descriptive study in a level I hospital. The basic units of work are Dose-Population- Day in the outpatient setting, and the Defined Daily Dose/stays-day for hospitalized patients; the proportion of DDDs for omeprazole vs...
January 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024166/an-east-asian-perspective-on-the-interaction-between-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-clopidogrel
#11
Duowu Zou, Khean-Lee Goh
Both proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel are widely prescribed in the Asia-Pacific population. PPIs are the mainstay therapeutic agents for prophylaxis against aspirin gastropathy and for ARDs (Acid Related Disorders) including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). They are also co-prescribed with oral anticoagulant agents (OAAs)and with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for the treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Clopidogrel belongs to the drug class of thienopyridines, and is currently the most widely prescribed OAA either alone or in combination with aspirin...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018669/effects-of-omeprazole-or-pantoprazole-on-platelet-function-in-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-receiving-clopidogrel
#12
Ruo-Xi Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Jing Li, Jie Deng, Xing-Xing Li, Jiao Wang
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of omeprazole or pantoprazole on platelet reactivity in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients receiving clopidogrel. METHODS: Consecutive patients with NSTE-ACS (n = 620) from general hospital of Shenyang Military Command were randomized to the omeprazole or pantoprazole (20 mg/d) group (1:1), and received routine dual antiplatelet treatment. Patients' reversion rate of adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation (ADP-PA) was assessed at baseline, 12 to 24 h after administration of medication, and after 72 h of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991432/the-effect-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-on-the-cyp2c19-enzyme-activity-evaluated-by-the-pantoprazole-13-c-breath-test-in-gerd-patients-clinical-relevance-for-personalized-medicine
#13
Anil S Modak, Iryna Klyarytska, Valerij Kriviy, Tatjana Tsapyak, Yliya Rabotyagova
Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are routinely prescribed one of the six FDA approved proton pump inhibitors (PPI). All of these PPI are inhibitors of CYP2C19 enzyme to varying degrees. The phenotype pantoprazole-(13)C breath test (Ptz-BT) was used to identify patients who are poor metabolizers (PM) and the extent of phenoconversion of CYP2C19 enzyme activity caused by four PPI (omeprazole, esomprazole pantoprazole and rabeprazole) in 54 newly diagnosed GERD patients prior to initiating randomly selected PPI therapy and 30 d after PPI therapy...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987792/a-new-pollen-derived-microcarrier-for-pantoprazole-delivery
#14
Lalehan Akyuz, Idris Sargin, Murat Kaya, Talip Ceter, Ilgaz Akata
Plant-derived carriers have emerged as promising materials for drug encapsulation. Especially, sporopollenin microcapsules extracted from diverse pollen species have been proved to be effective drug carriers due to their biocompatibility, homogeneity in size, resistance to harsh chemical conditions and high thermal stability. Here in this study, sporopollenin microcapsules were isolated successfully from the pollens of a common tree (Corylus avellana, the European hazelnut) and used as a carrier for pantoprazole (PaNa) (a proton pump inhibitor)...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973462/bismuth-based-quadruple-therapy-modified-with-moxifloxacin-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#15
Marinko Marušić, Lucija Dominković, Karolina Majstorović Barać, Saša Gulić, Josip Bago, Davorin Pezerović
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability and safety of modified bismuth-based quadruple therapy for the second-line eradication treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS: Out of 758 patients treated between January 2010 and December 2015, 155 patients (20.45%) remained H. pylori positive after the first line treatment and received the second-line treatment consisting of colloidal bismuth subcitrate (240 mg twice daily), pantoprazole (40 mg twice daily), metronidazole (500 mg twice daily) and moxifloxacin (400 mg once daily) for 14 days...
December 14, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957292/the-effect-of-zinc-supplementationon-the-symptoms-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Afshin Shafaghi, Jalal Hasanzadeh, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar, Maryam Yaseri
BACKGROUND Currently, it has been demonstrated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most important disorders of the digestive system and the commixture of regular diet has a significant influence on its incidence, symptoms, and prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation, in combination with PPIs(Proton pump inhibitors), on the improvement of GERD symptoms. METHODS In a randomized double blind clinical trial, patients with reflux symptoms, who had obtained Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) score more than 8, were included and all the demographic features were recorded...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920416/re-evaluating-the-inhibition-of-stress-erosions-revise-a-protocol-for-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Waleed Alhazzani, Gordon Guyatt, John C Marshall, Richard Hall, John Muscedere, Francois Lauzier, Lehana Thabane, Mohammed Alshahrani, Shane W English, Yaseen M Arabi, Adam M Deane, Tim Karachi, Bram Rochwerg, Simon Finfer, Nick Daneman, Nicole Zytaruk, Diane Heel-Ansdell, Deborah Cook, On Behalf Of
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians routinely administer stress ulcer prophylaxis to mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), most commonly prescribing proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from stress ulceration is low and recent observational studies suggest these agents may increase infections. Therefore, a large randomized clinical trial (RCT) is needed to inform modern practice. The aim of this multicenter pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of performing a large RCT to investigate the efficacy and safety of withholding intravenous pantoprazole...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894855/galloylquinic-acid-derivatives-from-copaifera-langsdorffii-leaves-display-gastroprotective-activity
#18
Erick V S Motta, Marivane Lemos, Juliana C Costa, Vilmar C Banderó-Filho, Astrid Sasse, Helen Sheridan, Jairo K Bastos
Nine new methylated galloylquinic acids were isolated from an aqueous fraction of Copaifera langsdorffii (Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae) leaf hydroalcoholic extract (3-8, 11, 12, and 14), along with three known methylated galloylquinic acids (1, 2, and 15) and four galloylquinic acids (9, 10, 13, and 16). These compounds were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. They were further tested in a gastroprotection assay (Ethanol-HCl induced ulcer model in mice), in which all of them significantly reduced the total lesion area, and increased the cure ratio in comparison with pantoprazole...
January 5, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882086/effects-of-the-short-term-application-of-pantoprazole-combined-with-aspirin-and-clopidogrel-in-the-treatment-of-acute-stemi
#19
Peng Wei, Yi-Gang Zhang, Lin Ling, Zi-Qi Tao, Li-Ya Ji, Jie Bai, Bin Zong, Chun-Ying Jiang, Qian Zhang, Qiang Fu, Xiang-Jun Yang
The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of the short-term application of pantoprazole on the co-treatment of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with aspirin and clopidogrel. A total of 207 acute patients showing primary symptoms of STEMI, who received successful emergent percutaneous coronary intervention treatment during hospitalization were randomly divided into two groups. In the test group proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), the patients were treated with a combination of aspirin and clopidogrel and pantoprazole, while those in the control group were treated only with aspirin and clopidogrel...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855237/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-postprandial-hypoglycemia
#20
Pooja Sahni, Nitin Trivedi, Abdulkadir Omer
A 65-year-old obese Caucasian woman presented with symptomatic postprandial hypoglycemic episodes, resolution of symptoms with carbohydrate intake and significantly elevated anti-insulin antibody levels. She did not have any evidence for the use of oral antidiabetic medications, insulin, herbal substances, performing strenuous exercise or history of bariatric surgery. Fingerstick blood glucose readings revealed blood sugar of 35 mg/dL and 48 mg/dL, when she had these symptoms. Her medical history was significant for morbid obesity, hypothyroidism and gastro esophageal reflux disease...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
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