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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792469/unpacking-team-process-dynamics-and-emergent-phenomena-challenges-conceptual-advances-and-innovative-methods
#1
Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao
Psychologists have studied small-group and team effectiveness for decades, and although there has been considerable progress, there remain significant challenges. Meta-analyses and systematic research have provided solid evidence for core team cognitive, motivational, affective, and behavioral processes that contribute to team effectiveness and empirical support for interventions that enhance team processes (e.g., team design, composition, training, and leadership); there has been substantial evidence for a science of team effectiveness...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792467/interdisciplinary-team-science-and-the-public-steps-toward-a-participatory-team-science
#2
Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Nghi D Thai
Interdisciplinary team science involves research collaboration among investigators from different disciplines who work interdependently to share leadership and responsibility. Although over the past several decades there has been an increase in knowledge produced by science teams, the public has not been meaningfully engaged in this process. We argue that contemporary changes in how science is understood and practiced offer an opportunity to reconsider engaging the public as active participants on teams and coin the term participatory team science to describe public engagement in team science...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792465/team-development-interventions-evidence-based-approaches-for-improving-teamwork
#3
Christina N Lacerenza, Shannon L Marlow, Scott I Tannenbaum, Eduardo Salas
The rate of teamwork and collaboration within the workforce has burgeoned over the years, and the use of teams is projected to continue increasing. With the rise of teamwork comes the need for interventions designed to enhance teamwork effectiveness. Successful teams produce desired outcomes; however, it is critical that team members demonstrate effective processes to achieve these outcomes. Team development interventions (TDIs) increase effective team competencies and processes, thereby leading to improvements in proximal and distal outcomes...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792259/going-digital-a-checklist-in-preparing-for-hospital-wide-electronic-medical-record-implementation-and-digital-transformation
#4
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791741/diffusing-and-scaling-evidence-based-interventions-eight-lessons-for-early-child-development-from-the-implementation-of-perinatal-home-visiting-in-south-africa
#5
Mark Tomlinson, Xanthe Hunt, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Most low- and middle-income countries lack resources with which to implement public health programs. As such, there is a necessity to facilitate programing that judiciously makes use of what resources there are. However, despite evidence for the efficacy of many interventions, translating these into real-world effectiveness, and then into scalability, is complex and has often been neglected. We draw on a case study of Philani+ (a maternal and child health intervention implemented in South Africa) to distil eight features of health programing that aid intervention effectiveness...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791735/practical-considerations-for-transitioning-early-childhood-interventions-to-scale-lessons-from-the-saving-brains-portfolio
#6
James M Radner, Marvin J S Ferrer, Dominique McMahon, Anuraj H Shankar, Karlee L Silver
Small pilot studies of young children have frequently shown promise, but very few have been successfully scaled to the regional or national levels. How can we ensure that these promising approaches move from a suite of pilots to full-scale implementation that can deliver sustainable impact for hundreds of millions of children? To elucidate concrete lessons learned and suggestions on accelerating the transition to impact at scale, we reviewed the Saving Brains portfolio to better understand three points: (1) the extent to which useful signals of impact could be extracted from data at the seed phase, (2) the ways in which innovators (project leaders) were approaching human resource challenges critical for scaling, and (3) the multisector diversity of the portfolio and the way innovators entered partnerships...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791726/building-capacity-in-health-and-education-systems-to-deliver-interventions-that-strengthen-early-child-development
#7
Milagros Nores, Camila Fernandez
Building capacity within health and education systems of low- and middle-income countries in order to deliver high-quality early childhood services requires coordinated efforts across sectors, effective governance, sufficient funding, an adequate workforce, reliable data systems, and continuous monitoring, evaluation, and improvement cycles; it also requires partnerships with the private sector, communities, and parents. In addition, building capacity requires leadership, innovation of strategies to fit into existing structures, evidence-based intervention models, and effective partnerships that help make interventions more culturally relevant, help finance them, and help create institutional long-term support and sustainability for them...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791226/cno-summit-professional-collaboration-and-patient-involvement-are-key
#8
Ian Peate
Ian Peate, Editor-in-Chief, British Journal of Nursing, reports on the issues highlighted at the recent meeting of nursing and midwifery leaders, including nurse-patient ratios, resilient leadership and integrated care.
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791225/my-first-experiences-of-nurse-leadership
#9
Alan Nobbs
Alan Nobbs reflects on his early experiences of nurse leadership, most of which have thankfully not stood the test of time.
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791219/approaches-to-leadership-and-managing-change-in-the-nhs
#10
Melanie Lumbers
The NHS is continually changing as research evidence leads to new practices and technology transforms the workplace. Resistance to some changes may occur because of staff fears about adapting to and coping with new methods. This is where change models and leadership are important. This article discusses changes taking place in the NHS, and some theoretical models of change. Leadership styles are also discussed, including those most useful for the nurse to use when leading a team and implementing change.
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790445/a-study-of-deficiencies-in-teamwork-skills-among-jordan-caregivers
#11
Omar Al-Araidah, Nader Al Theeb, Mariam Bader, Nabeel Mandahawi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the deficiencies in teamwork skills at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members. The study aims to identify training needs to improve teamwork-related soft skills of caregivers to enhance staff satisfaction and improve quality of care. Moreover, the paper provides a methodology to identify the training needs in any healthcare workplace by repeating the same questionnaire. Design/methodology/approach A self-administrated questionnaire was designed to study deficiencies in teamwork and team leadership at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790160/i-follow-therefore-i-lead-a-longitudinal-study-of-leader-and-follower-identity-and-leadership-in-the-marines
#12
Kim Peters, S Alexander Haslam
It is acknowledged that identity plays an important role in a person's leadership development. To date, however, there has been little consideration of the possibility - suggested by the social identity perspective - that individuals who identify as followers may be especially likely to emerge as leaders. We test this possibility in a longitudinal sample of recruit commandos in the Royal Marines. Recruits rated their identification with leader and follower roles five times over the course of their 32-week training programme...
May 22, 2018: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789874/the-interventional-radiology-ir-gender-gap-a-prospective-online-survey-by-the-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiological-society-of-europe-cirse
#13
Tze Min Wah, Anna Maria Belli
AIM: A prospective online survey was conducted by the Cardiovascular Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) to evaluate the gender gap within interventional radiology (IR) and the barriers facing women in IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire ("Appendix") was devised by the authors and the CIRSE communication and publication team and sent electronically to 750 identifiable female members of CIRSE. Responses were collected from 7 August to 24 August 2017...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789303/-me_who-anatomy-of-scholastic-leadership-and-social-isolation-of-underrepresented-minority-women-in-academic-medicine
#14
Michelle A Albert
In academic medicine, under-represented minority women physician-scientists (URMWP)* are uncommon, particularly in leadership positions. Data from the American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) show that among internal medicine chairs, there are 12 Asian males, 10 African/American (blacks; 9 men), 7 Hispanics (2 females) and 137 whites (21 females). In the top 40 ranked cardiology programs, there are no female cardiology chiefs, whereas there are at least 10, 2, 1 and 24 Asian, black, Hispanic and white males respectively...
May 22, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789300/teamwork-on-rounds-on-an-inpatient-ward-team-an-ethnographic-study
#15
Carla Falco, Dorene Balmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists are expected to be adept at effective teamwork; yet, studies in which researchers describe teamwork practices in general pediatric inpatient settings are lacking. Our aim in this study was to examine the roles that general pediatric team members assume in real-life settings and how team members conduct teamwork practices on family-centered rounds. METHODS: In the ethnographic tradition, we observed a general pediatric team on a hospitalist service, focusing on family-centered rounds, and conducted in-depth interviews with interns, senior residents, and faculty...
May 22, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#16
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788537/ten-years-of-medical-education-registrars-value-added
#17
Victoria Brazil, Lorna Davin
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of any long-term follow up of trainees' career pathways or organisational outcomes from medical education registrar posts in emergency medicine training. We report on the experience of a selected group of medical education trainees during and subsequent to their post and reflect on the value added to emergency medical education at three institutions. METHODS: We conducted an online survey study, examining quantitative outcomes and qualitative reflections, of emergency physicians who had previously undertaken a medical education registrar post...
May 22, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788506/experiences-and-career-intentions-of-combat-deployed-uk-military-personnel
#18
R Morris-Butler, N Jones, N Greenberg, B Campion, S Wessely
Background: Most studies of the psychological impact of military deployment focus on the negative and traumatic aspects. Less is known about the full range of deployment experiences nor how these may impact on career intentions. Aims: To examine subjective operational experiences and career intentions in deployed UK military personnel using data gathered toward the end of an operational deployment. Methods: Data were gathered during deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788430/indicators-to-assess-the-functionality-of-clubfoot-clinics-in-low-resource-settings-a-delphi-consensus-approach-and-pilot-study
#19
Tracey Smythe, Debra Mudariki, Allen Foster, Christopher Lavy
Background: This study aims to determine the indicators for assessing the functionality of clubfoot clinics in a low-resource setting. Methods: The Delphi method was employed with experienced clubfoot practitioners in Africa to rate the importance of indicators of a good clubfoot clinic. The consistency among the participants was determined with the intraclass correlation coefficient. Indicators that achieved strong agreement (meanā‰„9 [SD <1.5]) were included in the final consensus definition...
May 19, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787458/peer-teaching-in-high-fidelity-simulation-participant-experiences-and-reflections
#20
Kay Lawrence, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Robin Dawson Estrada, Vicki Long
Peer teaching provides students with opportunities to experience the educator role and increase self-confidence and problem-solving skills. To address the shortage of meaningful leadership experiences for senior baccalaureate nursing students, faculty implemented an alternative leadership experience involving senior students taking on the role of peer teachers in the high-fidelity simulation (HFS) laboratory. We conducted focus groups to assess peer teachers and learners' experiences and used thematic analysis to examine and interpret the data...
May 9, 2018: Nurse Educator
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