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Lumbar spinal cysts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417783/-lumbar-spinal-canal-stenosis-complicated-with-lumbar-ligamentum-flavum-cyst-a-case-report
#1
Shuan-Chi Wang, Fang-Fang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356986/bisphosphonate-therapy-for-spinal-aneurysmal-bone-cysts
#2
David C Kieser, Simon Mazas, Derek T Cawley, Takashi Fujishiro, Celeste Tavolaro, Louis Boissiere, Ibrahim Obeid, Vincent Pointillart, Jean-Marc Vital, Olivier Gille
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of bisphosphonate therapy in the management of spinal aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs). METHODS: A prospective study of six consecutive patients aged between 7 and 22 years with spinal ABCs treated with pamidronate (1 mg/kg) or zoledronate (4 mg). A visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and radiological (contrast-enhanced MRI and CT scan at 3 and 6 months, then yearly X-rays) follow-up was continued for a minimum of 6 years. RESULTS: One patient with an unstable C2/3 failed to respond to a single dose of bisphosphonate and required surgical resection and stabilisation with autologous bone grafting...
January 22, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314220/histopathology-of-synovial-cysts-of-the-spine
#3
Ivan Chebib, Connie Y Chang, Joseph H Schwab, Darcy A Kerr, Vikram Deshpande, G Petur Nielsen
AIMS: Cystic lesions derived from the synovial and ligamentous structures of the spine have varied histologic appearances. Not uncommonly, there is discrepancy between the clinico-radiologic diagnosis and histology. Therefore, we sought to characterize the histologic features of tissue submitted as "synovial cysts" of the spine. METHODS: Resected specimens of the spine labeled "synovial cysts" and "lumbar cysts" were histologically evaluated and classified based on histopathologic features...
January 4, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276230/disseminated-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection-in-a-patient-with-anti-ifn-%C3%AE-autoantibodies
#4
Masakuni Tanimizu, Kenji Mizuno, Masayuki Hashimoto
We treated a 72-year-old Japanese female with sustained high fever and overall body exhaustion. An infectious liver cyst and right lung pneumonia were suspected causes. Hepatic cystectomy and various antibiotics did not resolve symptoms. Pneumonia exacerbation and ascitic fluid retention, left lumbar spinal osteomyelitis, and peri-gastric lymph node abscess penetrating the stomach were observed. Mycobacterium avium was identified in sputum, ascites, vertebral body abscess puncture specimen, and pus mucus secretion in the stomach...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174237/midline-ligamentum-flavum-cyst-of-the-lumbar-spine-a-case-report
#5
Kevin Shah, Daniel Segui, Sergio Gonzalez-Arias
BACKGROUND: Ligamentum flavum cysts are thought to develop due to facet joint hypermobility however the etiology of these lesions is not completely elucidated. These cysts may lead to compressive pathologies of the spine requiring surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 63-year-old male with chronic back pain and progressive neurogenic claudication for 6 months. He was found to have a ligamentum flavum cyst situated along the dorsal midline of the lumbar spinal canal contributing to spinal stenosis...
November 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137917/radiation-exposure-with-hybrid-image-guidance-based-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#6
Michael M Safaee, Taemin Oh, Murat Pekmezci, Aaron J Clark
The transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is used for the treatment of back and leg pain secondary to spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, and spondylolisthesis. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with less estimated blood loss (EBL), decreased length of stay, lower infection rates, and similar outcomes compared to the traditional TLIF. Fluoroscopy time has been reported with MIS-TLIF, but there are limited data on specific radiation dosages. We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively acquired cohort of patients undergoing MIS-TLIF...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122762/long-term-effectiveness-of-direct-ct-guided-aspiration-and-fenestration-of-symptomatic-lumbar-facet-synovial-cysts
#7
V N Shah, N D von Fischer, C T Chin, E L Yuh, M R Amans, W P Dillon, C P Hess
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lumbar facet synovial cysts are commonly seen in facet degenerative arthropathy and may be symptomatic when narrowing the spinal canal or compressing nerve roots. The purpose of this study was to analyze the safety, effectiveness, and long-term outcomes of direct CT-guided lumbar facet synovial cyst aspiration and fenestration for symptom relief and for obviating an operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and imaging studies of 64 consecutive patients between 2006 and 2016 who underwent 85 CT-guided lumbar facet synovial cyst fenestration procedures in our department...
January 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#8
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117875/intradural-hematoma-and-arachnoid-cyst-following-lumbar-spinal-surgery-a-case-report
#9
Michael S Taccone, Patrick G Theriault, Darren M Roffey, Mohamed AlShumrani, Fahad Alkherayf, Eugene K Wai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093791/postoperative-spinal-subdural-lesions-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#10
Yukitaka Nagamoto, Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence and risk factors for spinal subdural lesions (SSDLs) following lumbar spine surgery. Overview of Literature: Because SSDLs, including arachnoid cyst and subdural hematoma, that develop following spinal surgery are seldom symptomatic and require reoperation, there are few reports on these pathologies. No study has addressed the prevalence and risk factors for SSDLs following lumbar spine surgery...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081395/intradural-extramedullary-bronchogenic-cyst-clinical-and-radiological-characteristics-surgical-outcomes-and-literature-review
#11
Jian-Cong Weng, Jun-Peng Ma, Shu-Yu Hao, Liang Wang, Zhen Wu, Li-Wei Zhang, Da Li, Jun-Ting Zhang
OBJECTIVE: An intradural extramedullary bronchogenic cyst (IEBC) is a congenital malformation and an extremely rare type of endodermal cyst. This study aims to report the clinical and radiological characteristics and surgical outcomes of IEBCs and to review the available literature. METHODS: The medical records of 6 patients (3 females) with pathologically confirmed bronchogenic cysts involving the spinal cord between 2009 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and follow-up evaluations were performed...
October 25, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017304/hemorrhagic-lumbar-synovial-cyst-after-microscopic-discectomy
#12
Hak Sung Kim, Seok Won Kim
Intraspinal synovial cysts are rare but they are being documented with increasing frequency due to improvements in radiological imaging. However, hemorrhage into synovial cysts is uncommon, and affected patients may present with acute onset radiculopathy. This type of hemorrhage is known to result from rupture of fragile neoangiogenic vessels in the cyst wall, due to a traumatic event or anticoagulant therapy. Here, the authors present a rare case of hemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst caused by spinal instability after microscopic discectomy...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989841/should-we-label-all-synovial-cysts-as-unstable
#13
Arvind G Kulkarni, Shumayou Dutta, Abhilash Dhruv, Anupreet Bassi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the various anatomical parameters that influence segmental stability in patients suffering from lumbar intra spinal cysts (LISCs) and to determine the outcome of microscopic unilateral laminotomy and cystectomy. METHODS: All patients that were surgically managed for a LISC between 2007 and 2013 with more than 3 years of follow-up were reviewed. Those without associated instability were evaluated for segmental mobility, segmental angulation, facet inclination, stage of disc degeneration, and level of involvement on MRI and dynamic radiographs...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979853/lumbar-ganglion-cyst-nosology-surgical-management-and-proposal-of-a-new-classification-based-on-34-personal-cases-and-literature-review
#14
Maurizio Domenicucci, Alessandro Ramieri, Daniele Marruzzo, Paolo Missori, Massimo Miscusi, Roberto Tarantino, Roberto Delfini
AIM: To analyze different terms used in literature to identify lumbar extradural cysts and propose a common scientific terminology; to elaborate a new morphological classification of this pathology, useful for clinical and surgical purposes; and to describe the best surgical approach to remove these cysts, in order to avoid iatrogenic instability or treat the pre-existing one. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 34 patients with symptomatic lumbar ganglion cysts treated with spinal canal decompression with or without spinal fixation...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927213/ten-step-minimally-invasive-spine-lumbar-decompression-and-dural-repair-through-tubular-retractors
#15
Mohamed Abdelatif Boukebir, Connor David Berlin, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Tim Heiland, Karsten Schöller, Cameron Rawanduzy, Sertaç Kirnaz, Ajit Jada, Roger Härtl
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery utilizing tubular retractors has become an increasingly popular approach for decompression in the lumbar spine. However, a better understanding of appropriate indications, efficacious surgical techniques, limitations, and complication management is required to effectively teach the procedure and to facilitate the learning curve. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience and recommendations regarding tubular surgery for lumbar disc herniations, foraminal compression with unilateral radiculopathy, lumbar spinal stenosis, synovial cysts, and dural repair...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899836/spinal-hydatid-cyst-disease
#16
Yurdal Gezercan, Ali Ihsan Ökten, Gökhan Çavuş, Vedat Açik, Emre Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: A hydatic cyst (HC) is a zoonotic infection affecting the liver and lungs, with rare spinal involvement. We discuss the long-term results of 8 spinal HC patients who were monitored at our clinic for 7-15 years. METHODS: The demographic data and clinicopathological parameters of 8 spinal HC patients diagnosed between 2000-2016 were evaluated for their contribution to recurrence and long-term follow-up results were examined. RESULTS: Four male and 4 female patients with a median age of 30...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762109/dual-lumbar-bronchogenic-and-arachnoid-cyst-presenting-with-sciatica-and-left-foot-drop
#17
Nicholas Candy, Adam Young, Abel Devadass, Andrew Dean, Jason McMillen, Rikin Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Spinal bronchogenic cysts are rare findings, with only four cases of lumbar bronchogenic cysts reported in the literature. All of these bronchogenic cysts involved the conus medullaris. We present the first case of a lumbar bronchogenic cyst and arachnoid cyst arising from the cauda equina in a 68-year-old male. Uniquely, this bronchogenic cyst also contained components of an arachnoid cyst. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a compressive cystic lesion at the level of the L3 vertebra splaying the cauda equina...
October 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735122/ventral-lumbar-synovial-cyst-causing-cauda-equina-compression-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Anan Shtaya, Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Mark Walker, Ali Nader-Sepahi
BACKGROUND: Juxtafacet spinal cysts are cystic synovial lesions that often are indistinguishable clinically or radiologically and require histopathology analysis to confirm the diagnosis. Lumbar synovial cysts usually arising from the synovium of the facet joints. They have been described posterolaterally or rarely in the posterior midline. However, we describe the first synovial cyst ventral to the dural sac. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a lumbar 3-4 lesion causing cauda equina compression in a 57-year-old man who presented with a 3-month history of low back pain and bilateral sciatica, intermittent urinary incontinence, and erectile dysfunction...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716031/a-rare-case-of-intradural-and-extramedullary-epidermoid-cyst-after-repetitive-epidural-anesthesia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Haruki Funao, Norihiro Isogai, Kenshi Daimon, Yuichiro Mima, Hitoshi Sugiura, Takahiro Koyanagi, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidermoid cysts are benign tumors, which are rarely seen as an intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumor in the conus medullaris region. Acquired spinal epidermoid cysts are mostly caused by iatrogenic procedures, such as lumbar puncture, and the majority of acquired spinal epidermoid cysts have been reported below the L1 level, because lumbar puncture is usually performed around the iliac crest. Here, we report an extremely rare case of an epidermoid cyst that occurred as an intradural and extramedullary spinal cord tumor attached to the conus medullaris after repetitive epidural anesthesia...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711534/primary-intradural-extramedullary-cervical-spinal-cysticercosis
#20
Vetrivel Muralidharan, Bijesh Ravindran Nair, Bimal Patel, Vedantam Rajshekhar
BACKGROUND: Spinal cysticercosis has been reported in 0.7%-3.0% of patients with neurocysticercosis. Most patients with spinal cysticercosis have a coexisting intracranial disease. Most often this intracranial disease manifests as intradural extramedullary lesions involving thoracic and lumbar regions or intramedullary lesions. Intradural extramedullary primary spinal cysticercosis manifesting as cervical myelopathy is extremely rare and has not been reported to date. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old man from the northeastern part of India presented with progressive spastic quadriparesis...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
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