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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904857/t-cadherin-expression-in-the-epidermis-and-adnexal-structures-of-normal-skin
#1
Stanislaw Buechner, Paul Erne, Therese J Resink
BACKGROUND: T-cadherin is an atypical glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored member of the cadherin superfamily of adhesion molecules. The role of T-cadherin in biology of the skin is poorly understood. Expression of T-cadherin in basal keratinocytes and dermal blood vessels of the healthy epidermis has been demonstrated, but studies on expression in skin appendages are rare. METHODS: We conducted an immunohistochemical analysis of T-cadherin expression in the epidermis and adnexal structures of normal skin...
September 2016: Dermatopathology (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898304/motivational-processes-from-expectancy-value-theory-are-associated-with-variability-in-the-error-positivity-in-young-children
#2
Matthew H Kim, Loren M Marulis, Jennie K Grammer, Frederick J Morrison, William J Gehring
Motivational beliefs and values influence how children approach challenging activities. The current study explored motivational processes from an expectancy-value theory framework by studying children's mistakes and their responses to them by focusing on two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe). Motivation was assessed using a child-friendly challenge puzzle task and a brief interview measure prior to ERP testing. Data from 50 4- to 6-year-old children revealed that greater perceived competence beliefs were related to a larger Pe, whereas stronger intrinsic task value beliefs were associated with a smaller Pe...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895066/protocol-of-the-swiss-longitudinal-cohort-study-swicos-in-rural-switzerland
#3
Andreas W Schoenenberger, Franco Muggli, Gianfranco Parati, Augusto Gallino, Georg Ehret, Paolo M Suter, Renate Schoenenberger-Berzins, Therese J Resink, Paul Erne
INTRODUCTION: Increased longevity and consequent major changes in demographics and population lifestyles necessitate new approaches to reduce the burden of ageing-related diseases (including cardiovascular disease) and maintain an optimal quality of life. This study aims to examine and longitudinally follow health status and disease risk factors in a Swiss rural cohort, evaluating all health-related research and practice disciplines to assure development of new implementable and successful preventive strategies for healthy ageing...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891663/extended-release-niacin-increases-anti-apoa-i-antibodies-that-block-the-anti-oxidant-effect-of-hdl-c-the-explore-clinical-trial
#4
J R Batuca, M C Amaral, C Favas, F S Paula, P R J Ames, A L Papoila, J Delgado Alves
AIMS: Extended Release-Niacin (ERN) is the most effective agent for increasing high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). Having previously identified anti-HDL antibodies, we investigated whether ERN affected the antioxidant capacity of HDL and whether ERN was associated with the production of antibodies against HDL (aHDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I). METHODS: Twenty-one patients older than 18 years, with HDL-C ≤ 40 mg/dL (men) or ≤ 50 mg/dL (women) were randomly assigned to receive daily ERN (n = 10) or placebo (n = 11) for two sequential 12-week periods, with 4 weeks of wash-out before cross-over...
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872953/a-phase-i-study-of-afatinib-combined-with-paclitaxel-and-bevacizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors
#5
James Spicer, Sheeba Irshad, Joo Ern Ang, Deborah Enting, Rebecca Kristeleit, Martina Uttenreuther-Fischer, Karine Pemberton, Katy Pelling, David Schnell, Johann de Bono
PURPOSE: The combination of afatinib, an irreversible ErbB family blocker, with paclitaxel and bevacizumab was assessed in patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: This phase I study used a 3 + 3 design to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of afatinib combined with paclitaxel and bevacizumab. Safety, pharmacokinetics, and anti-tumor activity were also assessed. The starting dose was oral afatinib 40 mg once daily plus intravenous paclitaxel (fixed dose 80 mg/m(2), Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 4-week cycle) and intravenous bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks...
November 21, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864029/time-frequency-phase-synchrony-approaches-with-erps
#6
Selin Aviyente, Anne Tootell, Edward M Bernat
Time-frequency signal processing approaches are well-developed, and have been widely employed for the study of the energy distribution of event-related potential (ERP) data across time and frequency. Wavelet time-frequency transform (TFT) and Cohen's class of time-frequency distributions (TFD) are the most widely used in the field. While ERP TFT approaches have been most extensively developed for amplitude measures, reflecting the magnitude of regional neuronal activity, time-frequency phase-synchrony measures have gained increased utility in recent years for the assessment of functional connectivity...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835807/acute-stress-impairs-frontocingulate-activation-during-error-monitoring-in-remitted-depression
#7
Alexis E Whitton, Ashlee Van't Veer, Pragya Kakani, Daniel G Dillon, Manon L Ironside, Anja Haile, David J Crowley, Diego A Pizzagalli
Deficits in cognitive control are a hallmark characteristic of depression, however less is known about the degree to which they persist beyond symptom remission and might contribute to symptom recurrence in remitted individuals (rMDD). Evidence indicates that stress interferes with cognitive control, highlighting a potential mechanism by which stress precipitates depression relapse. Therefore, this study examined whether stress exposure elicits deficits in error monitoring - a component of cognitive control thought to be particularly implicated in the ability to adaptively respond to negative feedback - in individuals with rMDD...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822182/dopaminergic-medication-modulates-learning-from-feedback-and-error-related-negativity-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#8
Chiara Volpato, Sami Schiff, Silvia Facchini, Stefano Silvoni, Marianna Cavinato, Francesco Piccione, Angelo Antonini, Niels Birbaumer
Dopamine systems mediate key aspects of reward learning. Parkinson's disease (PD) represents a valuable model to study reward mechanisms because both the disease process and the anti-Parkinson medications influence dopamine neurotransmission. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether the level of levodopa differently modulates learning from positive and negative feedback and its electrophysiological correlate, the error related negativity (ERN), in PD. Ten PD patients and ten healthy participants performed a two-stage reinforcement learning task...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819443/error-related-brain-activity-is-related-to-aversive-potentiation-of-the-startle-response-in-children-but-only-the-ern-is-associated-with-anxiety-disorders
#9
Alexandria Meyer, Greg Hajcak, Catherine R Glenn, Autumn J Kujawa, Daniel N Klein
Identifying biomarkers that characterize developmental trajectories leading to anxiety disorders will likely improve early intervention strategies as well as increase our understanding of the etiopathogenesis of these disorders. The error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential that occurs during error commission, is increased in anxious adults and children-and has been shown to predict the onset of anxiety disorders across childhood. The ERN has therefore been suggested as a biomarker of anxiety...
November 7, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807814/the-european-network-of-coloproctology-a-strategy-towards-the-european-research-and-healthcare-system
#10
Michele Rubbini
Many documents from the International Institutions point out that Health represents an engine of economic and social development. Based on these documents and concepts, the European Parliament decided to create a system of European Reference Networks as a synthesis of clinical and research activities, particularly in the field of rare diseases. This initiative, properly implemented, could be first step towards a new European health system. This article instead, wanting to deepen this perspective, postulates that the ERNs may also be related to widespread diseases, such as those of coloproctological interest, with the aim of setting up a European Network of Coloproctology (ENCP)...
December 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803087/bilateral-fractures-in-a-shoulder-dystocia-delivery
#11
Timothy Shao Ern Tan, Abida Mohamed, Sandeep Dharmaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797974/significant-effect-of-polymorphisms-in-cyp2d6-on-response-to-tamoxifen-therapy-for-breast-cancer-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#12
Hitoshi Zembutsu, Seigo Nakamura, Sadako Tanaka Akashi, Takashi Kuwayama, Chie Watanabe, Tomoko Takamaru, Hiroyuki Takei, Takashi Ishikawa, Kana Miyahara, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Yoshie Hasegawa, Goro Kutomi, Hiroaki Shima, Fukino Satomi, Minoru Okazaki, Hisamitsu Zaha, Mai Onomura, Ayami Matsukata, Yasuaki Sagara, Shinichi Baba, Akimitsu Yamada, Kazuhiro Shimada, Daisuke Shimizu, Koichiro Tsugawa, Arata Shimo, Ern-Yu Tan, Mikael Hartman, Ching-Wan Chan, Soo-Chin Lee, Yusuke Nakamura
PURPOSE: CYP2D6 is the key enzyme responsible for the generation of the potent active metabolite of tamoxifen, "endoxifen". There are still controversial reports questioning the association between CYP2D6 genotype and tamoxifen efficacy. Hence, we performed a prospective multicenter study to evaluate the clinical effect of CYP2D6 genotype on tamoxifen therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We enrolled 279 patients with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, invasive breast cancer receiving pre-operative tamoxifen monotherapy for 14-28 days...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786513/impact-of-alcohol-use-disorder-comorbidity-on-defensive-reactivity-to-errors-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Stephanie M Gorka, Annmarie MacNamara, Darrin M Aase, Eric Proescher, Justin E Greenstein, Robert Walters, Holly Passi, Joseph M Babione, David M Levy, Amy E Kennedy, Julia A DiGangi, Christine A Rabinak, Christopher Schroth, Kaveh Afshar, Jacklynn Fitzgerald, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan
Converging lines of evidence suggest that individuals with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) may be characterized by heightened defensive reactivity, which serves to maintain drinking behaviors and anxiety/hyperarousal symptoms. However, it is important to note that very few studies have directly tested whether individuals with PTSD and AUD exhibit greater defensive reactivity compared with individuals with PTSD without AUD. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to test this emerging hypothesis by examining individual differences in error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related component that is larger among anxious individuals and is thought to reflect defensive reactivity to errors...
November 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781362/spared-internal-but-impaired-external-reward-prediction-error-signals-in-major-depressive-disorder-during-reinforcement-learning
#14
Jasmina Bakic, Gilles Pourtois, Marieke Jepma, Romain Duprat, Rudi De Raedt, Chris Baeken
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) creates debilitating effects on a wide range of cognitive functions, including reinforcement learning (RL). In this study, we sought to assess whether reward processing as such, or alternatively the complex interplay between motivation and reward might potentially account for the abnormal reward-based learning in MDD. METHODS: A total of 35 treatment resistant MDD patients and 44 age matched healthy controls (HCs) performed a standard probabilistic learning task...
October 26, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769212/validation-of-the-cancermath-prognostic-tool-for-breast-cancer-in-southeast-asia
#15
Hui Miao, Mikael Hartman, Helena M Verkooijen, Nur Aishah Taib, Hoong-Seam Wong, Shridevi Subramaniam, Cheng-Har Yip, Ern-Yu Tan, Patrick Chan, Soo-Chin Lee, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy
BACKGROUND: CancerMath is a set of web-based prognostic tools which predict nodal status and survival up to 15 years after diagnosis of breast cancer. This study validated its performance in a Southeast Asian setting. METHODS: Using Singapore Malaysia Hospital-Based Breast Cancer Registry, clinical information was retrieved from 7064 stage I to III breast cancer patients who were diagnosed between 1990 and 2011 and underwent surgery. Predicted and observed probabilities of positive nodes and survival were compared for each subgroup...
October 21, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764206/molecular-characterization-of-a-novel-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-isolate-sd-15
#16
Lisai Zhu, Haibing Lu, Yufeng Cao, Xiaochun Gai, Changming Guo, Yajing Liu, Jiaxu Liu, Xinping Wang
As one of the major pathogens, bovine viral diarrhea virus caused a significant economic loss to the livestock industry worldwide. Although BVDV infections have increasingly been reported in China in recent years, the molecular aspects of those BVDV strains were barely characterized. In this study, we reported the identification and characterization of a novel BVDV isolate designated as SD-15 from cattle, which is associated with an outbreak characterized by severe hemorrhagic and mucous diarrhea with high morbidity and mortality in Shandong, China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764130/first-results-in-the-use-of-bovine-ear-notch-tag-for-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-detection-and-genetic-analysis
#17
Christian Quinet, Guy Czaplicki, Elise Dion, Fabiana Dal Pozzo, Anke Kurz, Claude Saegerman
BACKGROUND: Infection due to bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is endemic in most cattle-producing countries throughout the world. The key elements of a BVDV control programme are biosecurity, elimination of persistently infected animals and surveillance. Bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) is a notifiable disease in Belgium and an official eradication programme started from January 2015, based on testing ear notches sampled during the official identification and registration of calves at birth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756521/the-course-of-neuropathic-symptoms-in-relation-to-adjuvant-chemotherapy-among-elderly-patients-with-stage-iii-colon-cancer-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-study
#18
Felice N van Erning, Maryska L G Janssen-Heijnen, Johannes A Wegdam, Gerrit D Slooter, Jan H Wijsman, Art Vreugenhil, Tonneke A J M Beijers, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Valery E P P Lemmens
INTRODUCTION: Among the elderly, the impairment of functional capacities due to neuropathy can have a significant impact. The aim of the present study was to investigate the course of neuropathic symptoms among elderly patients with stage III colon cancer treated with CAPOX (capecitabine, oxaliplatin), capecitabine monotherapy, or no adjuvant chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Netherlands Cancer Registry was used to select patients with stage III colon cancer and aged ≥ 70 years...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752922/electrophysiological-indices-of-aberrant-error-processing-in-adults-with-adhd-a-new-region-of-interest
#19
Pál Czobor, Brigitta Kakuszi, Kornél Németh, Livia Balogh, Szilvia Papp, László Tombor, István Bitter
Deficits in error-processing are postulated in core symptoms of ADHD. Our goal was to investigate the neurophysiological basis of abnormal error-processing and adaptive adjustments in ADHD, and examine whether error-related alterations extend beyond traditional Regions of Interest (ROIs), particularly to those involved in adaptive adjustments, such as the Salience Network system. We obtained event-related potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task from 22 adult-ADHD patients and 29 matched healthy controls using a high-density 256-electrode array...
October 17, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747128/pancreaticopleural-fistula-causing-massive-right-hydrothorax-and-respiratory-failure
#20
Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Vishalkumar Girishchandra Shelat
Hydrothorax secondary to a pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. In patients with a history of pancreatitis, diagnosis is made by detection of amylase in the pleural exudate. Imaging, particularly magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, aids in the detection of pancreatic ductal disruption. Management includes thoracocentesis and pancreatic duct drainage or pancreatic resection procedures. We present a case of massive right hydrothorax secondary to a PPF due to recurrent acute pancreatitis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
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