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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336512/an-easily-mistaken-pulmonary-opacity
#1
Timothy Shao Ern Tan, Omar Abdulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329196/diabetic-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-contemporary-european-registries-characteristics-and-outcomes
#2
Maddalena Lettino, Pontus Andell, Uwe Zeymer, Petr Widimsky, Nicolas Danchin, Alfredo Bardaji, Jose A Barrabes, Angel Cequier, Marc J Claeys, Leonardo De Luca, Jakob Dörler, David Erlinge, Paul Erne, Patrick Goldstein, Sasha M Koul, Gilles Lemesle, Thomas F Lüscher, Christian M Matter, Gilles Montalescot, Dragana Radovanovic, Jose Lopez Sendón, Petr Tousek, Franz Weidinger, Clive F M Weston, Azfar Zaman, Jin Li, J Wouter Jukema
Aims: Among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), those with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at particularly high risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and premature death. We aimed to provide a descriptive overview of unadjusted analyses of patient characteristics, ACS management, and outcomes up to 1 year after hospital admission for an ACS/index-ACS event, in patients with DM in contemporary registries in Europe. Methods and results: A total of 10 registries provided data in a systematic manner on ACS patients with DM (total n =28 899), and without DM (total n= 97 505)...
March 10, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322423/uptake-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anti-coagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Matylda Zimny, Steffen Blum, Peter Ammann, Paul Erne, Giorgio Moschovitis, Marcello Di Valentino, Dipen Shah, Jürg Schläpfer, Cyrill Vogt, Alexandra Tabord, Michael Kühne, Christian Sticherling, Stefan Osswald, David Conen
AIMS: We aimed to assess the uptake of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) among patients with atrial fibrillation between 2010 and 2015 in Switzerland. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational cohort study. At the baseline examination and during yearly follow-ups, we used questionnaires to obtain information about clinical characteristics and antithrombotic treatment. Stroke risk was assessed using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. RESULTS: 1545 patients were enrolled across seven centres in Switzerland...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322418/associations-of-sodium-potassium-and-protein-intake-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-switzerland
#4
Nicolas Glatz, Aline Chappuis, David Conen, Paul Erne, Antoinette Péchère-Bertschi, Idris Guessous, Valentina Forni, Luca Gabutti, Franco Muggli, Augusto Gallino, Daniel Hayoz, Isabelle Binet, Paolo Suter, Fred Paccaud, Murielle Bochud, Michel Burnier
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure and in the development of hypertension. In this analysis, we explored the associations of 24-hour urinary Na+, K+ and urea excretion with blood pressure levels and the risk of hypertension in the Swiss population, taking regional linguistic differences into account. METHODS: The Swiss Survey on Salt is a population based cross-sectional study that included 1336 subjects from the three main linguistic regions (French, German and Italian) of Switzerland...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284803/error-detection-across-the-adult-lifespan-electrophysiological-evidence-for-age-related-deficits
#5
Eva Niessen, Gereon R Fink, Heide E M Hoffmann, Peter H Weiss, Jutta Stahl
With increasing age, cognitive control processes steadily decline. Prior research suggests that healthy older adults have a generally intact performance monitoring system, but show specific deficits in error awareness, i.e., the ability to detect committed errors. We examined the neural processing of errors across the adult lifespan (69 participants; age range 20-72 years) by analysing the error (-related) negativity (Ne/ERN) and the error positivity (Pe) using an adapted version of the Go/Nogo task. At a stable overall error rate, higher age was associated with a greater proportion of undetected errors...
March 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277759/acute-dyspnoea-in-a-paraplegic-man
#6
Timothy Shao Ern Tan, Saad Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275837/-european-reference-networks-consequences-for-healthcare-in-germany
#7
Holm Graessner, Franz Schäfer, Maurizio Scarpa, Thomas O F Wagner
Starting in 2017, European Reference Networks (ERNs) for rare disease patients will be established in the European Union. ERNs will pool expertise in clinical centres and will establish cross-border exchange mechanisms in order to facilitate access to diagnosis and care. The integration of ERNs in the German healthcare system will pose a significant challenge. The main issues include: (i) competition between national and European interests in the conflict of national responsibility and intended cross-border availability of healthcare services, (ii) the lack of a funding concept, and (iii) the establishment of ERNs in EU member states in which implementation of national action plans for people with rare diseases is lagging behind...
March 8, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261449/happy-to-breed-in-the-city-urban-food-resources-limit-reproductive-output-in-western-jackdaws
#8
Eva Meyrier, Lukas Jenni, Yves Bötsch, Stephan Strebel, Bruno Erne, Zulima Tablado
Urban areas expand worldwide, transforming landscapes and creating new challenging habitats. Some bird species, mainly omnivorous feeding on human waste and cavity nesters, commonly breed in these habitats and are, therefore, regarded as urban-adapted. Although urban areas may provide new nesting sites and abundant human waste, the low breeding success found in some of these species suggests that the poor protein content in human waste might limit breeding parameters. We investigated whether the breeding success of a cavity nester and omnivorous species commonly breeding in urban areas, the Western Jackdaw (Corvus monedula), depended on the availability of good-quality non-urban food...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252977/rumination-is-associated-with-diminished-performance-monitoring
#9
Ema Tanovic, Greg Hajcak, Charles A Sanislow
Rumination is a construct that cuts across a variety of disorders, including anxiety and depression. It has been associated with deficits in cognitive control thought to confer risk for psychopathology. One aspect of cognitive control that is especially relevant to the content of ruminative thoughts is error processing. We examined the relation of rumination and 2 electrophysiological indices of error processing, error-related negativity (ERN), an early index of error detection, and error positivity (Pe), a later index of error awareness...
March 2, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225010/beta-phase-synchronization-in-the-frontal-temporal-cerebellar-network-during-auditory-to-motor-rhythm-learning
#10
Kouki Edagawa, Masahiro Kawasaki
Rhythm is an essential element of dancing and music. To investigate the neural mechanisms underlying how rhythm is learned, we recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) data during a rhythm-reproducing task that asked participants to memorize an auditory stimulus and reproduce it via tapping. Based on the behavioral results, we divided the participants into Learning and No-learning groups. EEG analysis showed that error-related negativity (ERN) in the Learning group was larger than in the No-learning group. Time-frequency analysis of the EEG data showed that the beta power in right and left temporal area at the late learning stage was smaller than at the early learning stage in the Learning group...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224924/left-bundle-branch-block-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-presentation-treatment-and-trends-in-outcome-from-1997-to-2016-in-routine-clinical-practice
#11
Paul Erne, Juan F Iglesias, Philip Urban, Franz R Eberli, Hans Rickli, René Simon, Thomas A Fischer, Dragana Radovanovic
BACKGROUND: Whether patients with acute myocardial infarction presenting with new or presumed new left bundle-branch block (LBBB) should be treated in the same way as those presenting with ST-elevation (STE) is still a matter of debate. METHODS: Data from 28,358 patients enrolled in AMIS Plus from 1997 to 2016 were analyzed to evaluate differences in treatment and outcome of patients presenting with LBBB (n=2295) or STE (n=26,090) on their initial electrocardiogram using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression...
February 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224345/electrophysiological-endophenotypes-and-the-error-related-negativity-ern-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-family-study
#12
Ann Clawson, Mikle South, Scott A Baldwin, Michael J Larson
We examined the error-related negativity (ERN) as an endophenotype of ASD by comparing the ERN in families of ASD probands to control families. We hypothesized that ASD probands and families would display reduced-amplitude ERN relative to controls. Participants included 148 individuals within 39 families consisting of a mother, father, sibling, and proband. Robust ANOVAs revealed non-significant differences in ERN amplitude and behavioral performance among ASD probands relative to control youth. In subsequent multiple regression analyses group and kinship (proband, sibling, mother, father) did not significantly predict ΔERN (error minus correct ERN) or behavioral performance...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221665/totally-percutaneous-versus-surgical-cut-down-femoral-artery-access-for-elective-bifurcated-abdominal-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#13
REVIEW
Madelaine Gimzewska, Alexander Ir Jackson, Su Ern Yeoh, Mike Clarke
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a vascular condition with significant risk attached, particularly if they rupture. It is, therefore, critical to identify and repair these as an elective procedure before they rupture and require emergency surgery. Repair has traditionally been an open surgical technique that required a large incision across the abdomen. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs (EVARs) are now a common alternative. In this procedure, the common femoral artery is exposed via a cut-down approach and a graft introduced to the aneurysm in this way...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219654/worry-inducing-stimuli-in-an-aversive-go-nogo-task-enhance-reactive-control-in-individuals-with-lower-trait-anxiety
#14
Anja Leue, Carmen Cano Rodilla, André Beauducel
This study relates predictions on reactive and proactive cognitive control to findings on anxious apprehension/worry and ERN/Ne. We investigated whether worry-inducing stimuli in an aversive performance setting lead to a more pronounced increase of the ERN/Ne in individuals with lower anxious apprehension/worry. We also explored the N2 amplitude in the context of worry-inducing stimuli. Fifty-eight participants performed an extended Go/NoGo task. A neutral or fearful face was presented at the beginning of each trial, with the fearful face as a worry-inducing, distracting stimulus...
February 17, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218803/error-monitoring-and-empathy-explorations-within-a-neurophysiological-context
#15
Azhani Amiruddin, Simone N Fueggle, An T Nguyen, Gilles E Gignac, Karen L Clunies-Ross, Allison M Fox
Past literature has proposed that empathy consists of two components: cognitive and affective empathy. Error monitoring mechanisms indexed by the error-related negativity (ERN) have been associated with empathy. Studies have found that a larger ERN is associated with higher levels of empathy. We aimed to expand upon previous work by investigating how error monitoring relates to the independent theoretical domains of cognitive and affective empathy. Study 1 (N = 24) explored the relationship between error monitoring mechanisms and subcomponents of empathy using the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy and found no relationship...
February 20, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194104/electrophysiological-correlates-of-error-monitoring-and-feedback-processing-in-second-language-learning
#16
Sybrine Bultena, Claudia Danielmeier, Harold Bekkering, Kristin Lemhöfer
Humans monitor their behavior to optimize performance, which presumably relies on stable representations of correct responses. During second language (L2) learning, however, stable representations have yet to be formed while knowledge of the first language (L1) can interfere with learning, which in some cases results in persistent errors. In order to examine how correct L2 representations are stabilized, this study examined performance monitoring in the learning process of second language learners for a feature that conflicts with their first language...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164277/event-related-potential-measures-of-executive-functioning-from-preschool-to-adolescence
#17
REVIEW
Michelle Downes, Joe Bathelt, Michelle De Haan
Executive functions are a collection of cognitive abilities necessary for behavioural control and regulation, and are important for school success. Executive deficits are common across acquired and developmental disorders in childhood and beyond. This review aims to summarize how studies using event-related potential (ERP) can provide insight into mechanisms underpinning how executive functions develop in children from preschool to adolescence. We specifically focus on ERP components that are considered to be well-established markers of executive functioning, including the ability to resist distraction (inhibition, N200), hold scenes in mind (visuospatial working memory, contralateral delay activity), attend to specific stimuli (information processing, P300), follow rules (response monitoring, error-related negativity [ERN], and error-related positivity [Pe]), and adjust to feedback (outcome monitoring, feedback-related negativity)...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153687/error-related-negativity-in-the-skilled-brain-of-pianists-reveals-motor-simulation
#18
Alice Mado Proverbio, Matteo Cozzi, Andrea Orlandi, Manuel Carminati
Evidences have been provided of a crucial role of multimodal audio-visuomotor processing in subserving the musical ability. In this paper we investigated whether musical audiovisual stimulation might trigger the activation of motor information in the brain of professional pianists, due to the presence of permanent gestures/sound associations. At this aim EEG was recorded in 24 pianists and naive participants engaged in the detection of rare targets while watching hundreds of video clips showing a pair of hands in the act of playing, along with a compatible or incompatible piano soundtrack...
March 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143802/conflict-and-performance-monitoring-throughout-the-lifespan-an-event-related-potential-erp-and-temporospatial-component-analysis
#19
Ann Clawson, Peter E Clayson, Cierra M Keith, Christina Catron, Michael J Larson
Cognitive control includes higher-level cognitive processes used to evaluate environmental conflict. Given the importance of cognitive control in regulating behavior, understanding the developmental course of these processes may contribute to a greater understanding of normal and abnormal development. We examined behavioral (response times [RTs], error rates) and event-related potential data (N2, error-related negativity [ERN], correct-response negativity [CRN], error positivity [Pe]) during a flanker task in cross-sectional groups of 45 youth (ages 8-18), 52 younger adults (ages 20-28), and 58 older adults (ages 56-91)...
March 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138401/t-cadherin-in-prostate-cancer-relationship-with-cancer-progression-differentiation-and-drug-resistance
#20
Boris Dasen, Tatjana Vlajnic, Chantal Mengus, Christian Ruiz, Lukas Bubendorf, Giulio Spagnoli, Stephen Wyler, Paul Erne, Thérèse J Resink, Maria Philippova
Prostate cancer represents the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men. T-cadherin (CDH13) is an atypical GPI-anchored member of the cadherin family of adhesion molecules. Its gene was reported to be downregulated in a small series of prostate tumours. T-cadherin protein expression/localisation in prostate tissue has never been investigated. The purpose of our study was to analyse CDH13 gene and protein levels in large sets of healthy and cancer prostate tissue specimens and evaluate CDH13 effects on the sensitivity of prostate cancer cells to chemotherapy...
January 2017: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
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