keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ERN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791883/relationship-between-modification-of-activated-sludge-wastewater-treatment-and-changes-in-antibiotic-resistance-of-bacteria
#1
Ewa Korzeniewska, Monika Harnisz
Biological treatment processes at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), which are the most common methods of sewage treatment, could cause selective elimination and/or changes in the proportions of phenotypes/genotypes within bacterial populations in effluent. Therefore, WWTPs based on activated sludge used in sewage treatment constitute an important reservoir of enteric bacteria which harbour potentially transferable resistance genes. Together with treated wastewater, these microorganisms can penetrate the soil, surface water, rural groundwater supplies and drinking water...
May 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789351/development-and-validation-of-two-clinical-prediction-models-to-inform-clinical-decision-making-for-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-degenerative-disorders-and-rehabilitation-following-surgery-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Alison B Rushton, Martin L Verra, Andrew Emms, Nicola R Heneghan, Deborah Falla, Michael Reddington, Ashley A Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, David Selvey, Michael Hutton, Martijn W Heymans, J Bart Staal
INTRODUCTION: Potential predictors of poor outcome will be measured at baseline: (1) preoperatively to develop a clinical prediction model to predict which patients are likely to have favourable outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) and (2) postoperatively to predict which patients are likely to have favourable long-term outcomes (to inform rehabilitation). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective observational study with a defined episode inception of the point of surgery...
May 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787354/optical-coherence-tomography-of-the-tympanic-membrane-and-middle-ear-a-review
#3
Hsern Ern Ivan Tan, Peter Luke Santa Maria, Philip Wijesinghe, Brendan Francis Kennedy, Benjamin James Allardyce, Robert Henry Eikelboom, Marcus David Atlas, Rodney James Dilley
Objective To evaluate the recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) for tympanic membrane (TM) and middle ear (ME) imaging and to identify what further development is required for the technology to be integrated into common clinical use. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. Review Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed for English language articles published from January 1966 to January 2018 with the keywords "tympanic membrane or middle ear,"optical coherence tomography," and "imaging...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783722/the-occurrence-of-a-commercial-n-pro-and-e-rns-double-mutant-bvdv-1-live-vaccine-strain-in-newborn-calves
#4
Kerstin Wernike, Anna Michelitsch, Andrea Aebischer, Uwe Schaarschmidt, Andrea Konrath, Hermann Nieper, Julia Sehl, Jens P Teifke, Martin Beer
The major source for the spread of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) are in-utero infected, immunotolerant, persistently infected (PI) animals since they shed enormous amounts of viruses throughout their lives. During the sequence-based virus typing of diagnostic ear notch samples performed in the context of the obligatory German BVDV eradication program, the commercial Npro and Erns double mutant BVDV-1 live-vaccine strain KE-9 was detected in seven newborn calves; their mothers were immunized in the first trimester of gestation...
May 19, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781210/individual-differences-in-decisiveness-erp-correlates-of-response-inhibition-and-error-monitoring
#5
Magdalena Senderecka, Jakub Szewczyk, Szymon Wichary, Małgorzata Kossowska
The aim of the current study was to examine whether and how self-reported decisiveness is associated with response inhibition and performance monitoring. We hypothesized that these two cognitive control mechanisms, both of which are often associated with decision making, would differ in individuals varying in decisiveness. We focused on ERP correlates and behavioral measures of inhibition and error processing in the stop-signal task. We expected a negative relationship between decisiveness and behavioral measures of inhibitory control...
May 20, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779681/serum-uric-acid-level-and-its-association-with-motor-subtypes-and-non-motor-symptoms-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-pals-study
#6
Xinxin Huang, Samuel Yong-Ern Ng, Nicole Shuang-Yu Chia, Sanchalika Acharyya, Fiona Setiawan, Z-H Lu, Ebonne Ng, Kay-Yaw Tay, Wing-Lok Au, Eng-King Tan, Louis Chew-Seng Tan
OBJECTIVE: Uric acid has been found to be potentially neuroprotective in Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the relationship between serum uric acid levels and both motor and non-motor features in a prospective early PD cohort study. METHODS: Fasting serum uric acid levels were measured from 125 early PD patients. Demographic, clinical characteristics, motor and non-motor assessments were performed. Patients were categorized into three motor subtypes: tremor-dominant (TD), postural instability/gait difficulty (PIGD), and mixed...
May 17, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772258/they-all-do-it-will-you-event-related-potential-evidence-of-herding-behavior-in-online-peer-to-peer-lending
#7
Haihong Yu, MengHan Dan, Qingguo Ma, Jia Jin
As herding is a typical characteristic of human behavior, many researchers have found the existence of herding behavior in online peer-to-peer lending through empirical surveys. However, the underlying neural basis of this phenomenon is still unclear. In the current study, we studied the neural activities of herding at decision-making stage and feedback stage using event-related potentials (ERPs). Our results showed that at decision-making stage, larger error related negativity (ERN) amplitude was induced under low-proportion conditions than that of high-proportion conditions...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#8
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768189/neural-responses-to-perturbations-in-visual-and-auditory-metronomes-during-sensorimotor-synchronization
#9
Daniel C Comstock, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
Tapping in synchrony to an isochronous rhythm involves several key functions of the sensorimotor system including timing, prediction and error correction. While auditory sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) has been well studied, much less is known about mechanisms involved in visual SMS. By comparing error correction in auditory and visual SMS, it can be determined if the neural mechanisms for detection and correction of synchronization errors are generalized or domain specific. To study this problem, we measured EEG while subjects tapped in synchrony to separate visual and auditory metronomes that both contained small temporal perturbations to induce errors...
May 13, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764549/-clinical-verification-of-vancomycin-population-pharmacokinetics-in-patients-with-augmented-renal-clearance
#10
Haodi Lu, Lian Tang, Shengmin Xue, Zhiwei Zhuang, Jie Fang, Fuli Zhao, Erning Shang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value and to verify the clinical effect of JPKD-vancomycin for the trough concentration of vancomycin in patients with augmented renal clearance (ARC), and to provide a reference for clinical individualized drug therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The clinical data of 48 adult patients with ARC using vancomycin and monitoring steady-state trough concentration of vancomycin admitted to Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2013 to July 2017 were collected...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734494/error-related-brain-activity-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Gregory L Hanna, Yanni Liu, Yona E Isaacs, Angela M Ayoub, Alice Brosius, Zachary Salander, Paul D Arnold, William J Gehring
BACKGROUND: The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential following a mistake that is often increased in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The relationship of the ERN to comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD) has not been examined in adolescents with OCD. This study compared ERN amplitudes in OCD patients with MDD (OCD + MDD), OCD patients without MDD (OCD - MDD), MDD patients, and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: The ERN, correct response negativity, and accuracy were measured during a flanker task to assess performance monitoring in 53 adolescents with a lifetime diagnosis of OCD, 36 adolescents with a lifetime diagnosis of MDD, and 89 age-matched HC of 13-18 years...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734043/the-e2-glycoprotein-is-necessary-but-not-sufficient-for-the-adaptation-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-lapinized-vaccine-c-strain-to-the-rabbit
#12
Yongfeng Li, Libao Xie, Lingkai Zhang, Xiao Wang, Chao Li, Yuying Han, Shouping Hu, Yuan Sun, Su Li, Yuzi Luo, Lihong Liu, Muhammad Munir, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) C-strain was developed through hundreds of passages of a highly virulent CSFV in rabbits. To investigate the molecular basis for the adaptation of C-strain to the rabbit (ACR), a panel of chimeric viruses with the exchange of glycoproteins Erns , E1, and/or E2 between C-strain and the highly virulent Shimen strain and a number of mutant viruses with different amino acid substitutions in E2 protein were generated and evaluated in rabbits. Our results demonstrate that Shimen-based chimeras expressing Erns -E1-E2, Erns -E2 or E1-E2 but not Erns -E1, Erns , E1, or E2 of C-strain can replicate in rabbits, indicating that E2 in combination with either Erns or E1 confers the ACR...
May 4, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712721/comparative-population-based-analysis-of-pituitary-incidentalomas-vs-clinically-manifesting-sellar-masses
#13
Nadine Marie Vaninetti, David B Clarke, Deborah A Zwicker, Churn-Ern Yip, Barna Tugwell, Steve Doucette, Chris Theriault, Khaled Aldahmani, Syed Ali Imran
PURPOSE: Sellar masses may present either with clinical manifestations of mass effect/hormonal dysfunction (CMSM) or incidentally on imaging (PI). This novel population-based study compares these two entities. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients within a provincial pituitary registry between January 2006 and June 2014. RESULTS: 903 patients were included (681 CMSM, 222 PI). CMSM mainly presented with secondary hormone deficiencies (SHD) or stalk compression (29...
April 30, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706908/event-related-potential-erp-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#14
Lynn Marquardt, Heike Eichele, Astri J Lundervold, Jan Haavik, Tom Eichele
Introduction: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorders in children and tends to persist into adulthood. Evidence from neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological studies indicates that alterations of error processing are core symptoms in children and adolescents with ADHD. To test whether adults with ADHD show persisting deficits and compensatory processes, we investigated performance monitoring during stimulus-evaluation and response-selection, with a focus on errors, as well as within-group correlations with symptom scores...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704581/individual-differences-in-combat-experiences-and-error-related-brain-activity-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#15
Narmeen I Khan, Katie L Burkhouse, Lynne Lieberman, Stephanie M Gorka, Julia A DiGangi, Christopher Schroth, Alyssa Frederick, Amy E Kennedy, Darrin M Aase, Justin E Greenstein, Eric Proescher, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan
Increased error-related negativity (ERN) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple forms of psychopathology. Although there is increasing evidence that the ERN can be shaped by environment and experience, no studies to date have examined this question in a clinical sample. In the current study, we examined the influence of combat exposure on the ERN using electroencephalogram (EEG) in a sample of military veterans with a high prevalence of psychopathology. Participants included sixty-seven U.S...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698766/effects-of-salinity-and-hypoxia-induced-hyperventilation-on-oxygen-consumption-and-cost-of-osmoregulation-in-the-estuarine-red-drum-sciaenops-ocellatus
#16
Rasmus Ern, Andrew J Esbaugh
Understanding the physiological responses of fishes to salinity changes and aquatic hypoxia is essential for the conservation of marine species. Salinity changes affect the osmotic gradient across the gill epithelium, while hypoxia increases gill ventilation and the flow of water over the gills. Both processes affect the diffusive movement of ions and water across the gill epithelium, and the rate of active ion transport required for maintaining osmotic homeostasis. Consequently, salinity and hypoxia may affect the energetic cost of osmoregulation, and consequently the energy available for other physiological functions such as migration, growth, and reproduction...
April 23, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696585/improved-bioavailability-of-levodopa-using-floatable-spray-coated-microcapsules-for-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Jong-Suep Baek, Jie Kai Tee, Yi Yun Pang, Ern Yu Tan, Kah Leong Lim, Han Kiat Ho, Say Chye Joachim Loo
Oral administration of levodopa (LD) is the gold standard in managing Parkinson's disease (PD). Although LD is the most effective drug in treating PD, chronic administration of LD induces levodopa-induced dyskinesia. A continuous and sustained provision of LD to the brain could, therefore, reduce peak-dose dyskinesia. In commercial oral formulations, LD is co-administrated with an AADC inhibitor (carbidopa) and a COMT inhibitor (entacapone) to enhance its bioavailability. Nevertheless, patients are known to take up to five tablets a day because of poor sustained-releasing capabilities that lead to fluctuations in plasma concentrations...
April 25, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684337/how-the-degree-of-instrumental-practice-in-music-increases-perceptual-sensitivity
#18
Alice Mado Proverbio, Eleonora Bellini
Literature has shown that playing a musical instrument is associated with the formation of multimodal audio visuomotor representations that are strongly instrument-specific. Here, we investigated the effect of increased motor practice on perceptual sensitivity in 32 professional musicians of comparable expertise but with different amounts of instrumental practice with piano (10,000 vs. 3,000 estimated hours). Stimuli consisted of images of pianists' hands and piano arpeggio sounds. In half of the cases, the piano fingering and piano sounds were congruent, while they were incongruent in the other cases...
April 20, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682751/social-influences-of-error-monitoring-in-adolescent-girls
#19
Tyson V Barker, Sonya V Troller-Renfree, Lindsay C Bowman, Daniel S Pine, Nathan A Fox
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by increased social motivation and a heightened concern of peer evaluation. However, little research has examined social influences on neural functioning in adolescence. One psychophysiological measure of motivation, the error-related negativity (ERN), is an ERP following an error. In adults, the ERN is enhanced by contextual factors that influence motivation, such as social observation and evaluation. The current study examined relations among age and neural responses in social contexts in adolescence...
April 22, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681723/on-carleson-s-inequality
#20
Ern Gun Kwon
We present a new proof of Hardy's inequality by giving an [Formula: see text] version of Carleson's inequality.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
keyword
keyword
18069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"