keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ERN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146672/culprit-vessel-only-versus-multivessel-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-collaborative-meta-analysis
#1
Dhaval Kolte, Partha Sardar, Sahil Khera, Uwe Zeymer, Holger Thiele, Matthias Hochadel, Dragana Radovanovic, Paul Erne, Kristina Hambraeus, Stefan James, Bimmer E Claessen, Jose P S Henriques, Darren Mylotte, Philippe Garot, Wilbert S Aronow, Theophilus Owan, Diwakar Jain, Julio A Panza, William H Frishman, Gregg C Fonarow, Deepak L Bhatt, Herbert D Aronow, J Dawn Abbott
BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel disease presenting with cardiogenic shock complicating ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Databases were searched from 1999 to October 2016. Studies comparing immediate/single-stage multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (MV-PCI) versus culprit vessel-only PCI (CO-PCI) in patients with multivessel disease, ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, and cardiogenic shock were included...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146376/wronger-than-wrong-graded-mapping-of-the-errors-of-an-avatar-in-the-performance-monitoring-system-of-the-onlooker
#2
G Spinelli, G Tieri, E F Pavone, S M Aglioti
EEG studies show that observing errors in one's own or others' actions triggers specific electro-cortical signatures in the onlooker's brain, but whether the brain error-monitoring system operates according to graded or discrete rules is still largely unknown. To explore this issue, we combined immersive virtual reality with EEG recording in participants who observed an avatar reaching-to-grasp a glass from a first-person perspective. The avatar could perform correct or erroneous actions. Erroneous grasps were defined as small or large depending on the magnitude of the trajectory deviation from the to-be-grasped glass...
November 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138093/electrophysiological-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-under-social-observation-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#3
Rolf Voegler, Jutta Peterburs, Hannah Lemke, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Roman Liepelt, Thomas Straube
Previous research suggests that electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring, in particular the error-related negativity (ERN), vary according to psychopathology and context factors. The present study examined the effect of social context on behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring in healthy adult subjects and in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Participants performed two runs of a Go/NoGo flanker task in different social conditions: in the observation condition, they were observed by a confederate while performing the task, whereas there was no observation in the control condition...
November 11, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129559/treatment-and-survival-outcome-of-braf-mutated-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#4
Hamzeh Kayhanian, Emily Goode, Francesco Sclafani, Joo Ern Ang, Marco Gerlinger, David Gonzalez de Castro, Scott Shepherd, Clare Peckitt, Sheela Rao, David Watkins, Ian Chau, David Cunningham, Naureen Starling
BACKGROUND: Somatic v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutation, present in approximately 10% of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) cases, is associated with poor prognosis. Patient outcome outside of clinical trials has only been reported in small series. We report real-world data on treatment and survival for BRAF-mutated (MT) patients at a single tertiary center, compared with a matched BRAF wild type (WT) control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All colorectal cancer patients tested for BRAF mutation, from October 2010 to November 2014 were identified...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129222/both-cytopathic-and-non-cytopathic-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-bvdv-induced-autophagy-at-a-similar-rate
#5
Mrigendra K S Rajput, Karim Abdelsalam, Mahmoud F Darweesh, Lyle J Braun, Jason Kerkvliet, Adam D Hoppe, Christopher C L Chase
Autophagy is a cellular process that maintains cellular homeostasis by the proteolytic recycling of cytoplasm. Autophagy occurs at basal levels in almost all cells. It is upregulated in cellular stress including starvation, oxidative stress or during infection. Several viruses including flavivirus have developed strategies to subvert or use autophagy for their efficient replication. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a member of the Flaviviridae family and the pestivirus virus group. BVDV is responsible for significant economic loss in cattle industry worldwide...
December 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128978/on-the-influence-of-informational-content-and-key-response-effect-mapping-on-implicit-learning-and-error-monitoring-in-the-serial-reaction-time-srt-task
#6
Jascha Rüsseler, Thomas F Münte, Daniel Wiswede
The present experiment was designed to enhance our understanding of how response effects with varying amounts of useful information influence implicit sequence learning. We recorded event-related brain potentials, while participants performed a modified version of the serial reaction time task (SRTT). In this task, participants have to press one of four keys corresponding to four letters on a computer screen. Unknown to participants, in some parts of the experimental blocks, the stimuli appear in a repetitive (structured) deterministic sequence, whereas in other parts, stimuli were determined randomly...
November 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122807/contribution-of-the-voluntary-sector-to-mental-health-crisis-care-in-england-protocol-for-a-multimethod-study
#7
Karen Newbigging, John Mohan, James Rees, Jenny Harlock, Alex Davis
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to the right kind of support for people experiencing a mental health crisis can be problematic. The voluntary sector (VS) plays a key role in providing support and enabling access, but there is a knowledge gap concerning its contribution and interface with public services in mental health crisis care. This study aims to address this. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study has three empirical elements: (1) a national survey of voluntary sector organisations (VSOs) in England and national stakeholder interviews to develop a typology of organisations and interventions provided by VSOs; (2) detailed mapping of VS services in two regions through interviews and extending the national survey; (3) four case studies, identified from the regional mapping, of VS mental health crisis services and their interface with National Health Service (NHS) and local authority services, at both a system and individual level...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112539/correlating-abdominal-wall-thickness-and-body-mass-index-to-predict-usefulness-of-right-lower-quadrant-ultrasound-for-evaluation-of-pediatric-appendicitis
#8
Jeannie K Kwon, Nowice Trexler, Joan Reisch, Cory M Pfeifer, Jason Ginos, Jerry Allen Powell, Jennifer Veltkamp, Alvin Anene, Neil Fernandes, Li Ern Chen
OBJECTIVES: To inform selective and efficient use of appendix ultrasound (US) beyond adult parameters of body mass index (BMI) of less than 25 kg/m, we correlate abdominal wall thickness (AWT) with age and BMI to generate parameters for male and female children. Information presented in chart format can aid in the decision to utilize US for the evaluation of appendicitis. METHODS: In this observational study, 1600 pediatric computed tomography scans of the abdomen and pelvis were analyzed to obtain measurements of AWT in the right lower quadrant...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104819/significance-of-scapholunate-gap-width-as-measured-by-probe-from-midcarpal
#10
Steffen Löw, Holger Erne, Ute Strobl, Frank Unglaub, Christian K Spies
Background  Geissler's classification is widely accepted in arthroscopic diagnostics of scapholunate (SL) ligament injury. Thereby, probe insertion into the SL gap from the midcarpal would indicate treatment necessity in patients with SL tear as seen from radiocarpal view. Purpose  In this review, the SL gap width, examined by the probe from midcarpal, was arthroscopically assessed in patients with intact SL ligaments, who were treated for ulnar impaction syndrome. The review examined how often lax SL joints can be found in patients with no complaints with respect to the SL ligaments and in which the SL ligaments were proven to be intact from radiocarpal view...
November 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099218/coulometry-and-calorimetry-of-electric-double-layer-formation-in-porous-electrodes
#11
Mathijs Janssen, Elian Griffioen, P M Biesheuvel, René van Roij, Ben Erné
Coulometric measurements on salt-water-immersed nanoporous carbon electrodes reveal, at a fixed voltage, a charge decrease with increasing temperature. During far-out-of-equilibrium charging of these electrodes, calorimetry indicates the production of both irreversible Joule heat and reversible heat, the latter being associated with entropy changes during electric double layer (EDL) formation in the nanopores. These measurements grant experimental access-for the first time-to the entropic contribution of the grand potential; for our electrodes, this amounts to roughly 25% of the total grand potential energy cost of EDL formation at large applied potentials, in contrast with point-charge model calculations that predict 100%...
October 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078626/left-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-enucleation-of-a-giant-horseshoe-oesophageal-leiomyoma
#12
Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Thirugnanam Agasthian
Oesophageal leiomyomas are rare neoplasms of the oesophagus, accounting for approximately 4% of all oesophageal tumours. Most oesophageal leiomyomas are small and well encapsulated. We report a rare case of a giant horseshoe oesophageal leiomyoma which was removed via video-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation and describe the management of an intra-operative complication of a mucosal breach.
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061491/neural-mechanisms-of-mental-fatigue-elicited-by-sustained-auditory-processing
#13
Travis M Moore, Alexandra P Key, Antonia Thelen, Benjamin W Y Hornsby
Despite growing evidence that prolonged episodes of effortful listening can lead to mental fatigue, little work has been done to examine the patterns of brain activation associated with listening over time. In order to gain a better understanding of the nature of listening-related mental fatigue, this study characterized the effects of sustained auditory processing on brain activation in 19 adults with normal hearing. A 50-min, auditory choice paradigm served as the fatiguing task. Mental fatigue was quantified using subjective (self-report) and behavioral (response time and accuracy) measures, as well as event-related potential (ERP) measures indexing motivation (error-related negativity; ERN) and general arousal (N1)...
October 20, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058425/sophoridine-from-sophora-flower-attenuates-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporosis-through-the-rankl-erk-nfat-pathway
#14
Xiaoying Zhao, Lijuan Mei, Jinjin Pei, Zenggen Liu, Yun Shao, Yanduo Tao, Xiaoling Zhang, Lei Jiang
An imbalance in osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis is a crucial pathological factor in the development of osteoporosis. Osteoclasts (OCs) play a pivotal role in osteoporosis, whose new therapy exploration has been focused on the suppression of OC formation. Sophoridine is found from the Chinese traditional food sophora flower to exhibit anti-osteoporosis capacity by screening. This study is focused on its anti-osteoporosis mechanism evaluation. The anti-osteoporosis effect of sophoridine, (15 mg kg(-1) body), was evaluated in ovariectomized (OVX) mice by monitoring changes in bone histomorphometry index, formation of osteoclasts from blood-derived mononuclear cells, and changes in the synthesis of pro-osteoclastogenic cytokines...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054540/do-sport-related-concussions-result-in-long-term-cognitive-impairment-a-review-of-event-related-potential-research
#15
Christopher J Brush, Peter J Ehmann, Ryan L Olson, Walter R Bixby, Brandon L Alderman
Sport-related concussions have become a major public health concern although the long-term effects on cognitive function remain largely unknown. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are ideal for studying the long-term impact of sport-related concussions, as they have excellent temporal precision and provide insight that cannot be obtained from behavioral or neuropsychological measures alone. We reviewed all available published studies that have used stimulus or response-locked ERPs to document cognitive control processes in individuals with a history of concussion...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053149/recent-expansion-of-heat-activated-retrotransposons-in-the-coral-symbiont-symbiodinium-microadriaticum
#16
Jit Ern Chen, Guoxin Cui, Xin Wang, Yi Jin Liew, Manuel Aranda
Rising sea surface temperature is the main cause of global coral reef decline. Abnormally high temperatures trigger the breakdown of the symbiotic association between corals and their photosynthetic symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium. Higher genetic variation resulting from shorter generation times has previously been proposed to provide increased adaptability to Symbiodinium compared to the host. Retrotransposition is a significant source of genetic variation in eukaryotes and some transposable elements are specifically expressed under adverse environmental conditions...
October 20, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040892/majority-of-flat-epithelial-atypia-diagnosed-on-biopsy-do-not-require-surgical-excision
#17
Patrick Mun Yew Chan, Niketa Chotai, Eileen Shujuan Lai, Pei Yi Sin, Juliana Chen, Sarah Qinghui Lu, Mui Heng Goh, Bee Kiang Chong, Bernard Chi Shern Ho, Ern Yu Tan
BACKGROUND: Borderline risk lesions such as flat epithelial atypia (FEA) are increasingly being diagnosed on biopsy. The need for surgery is being debated. In this study, we determined the frequency of histological upgrade following a diagnosis of FEA on biopsy and evaluated potential predictive factors. METHODS: Retrospective review was done of 194 women who underwent biopsy of indeterminate lesions (total 195 lesions) that were diagnosed as FEA. The review covered a 10-year period...
October 14, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034047/processing-of-internal-and-external-signals-for-performance-monitoring-in-the-context-of-emotional-faces
#18
Christian Christian Valt, Marina Palazova, Birgit Stürmer
Performance monitoring can be based on internal or external signals. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate whether relating performance to external signals affects internal performance monitoring. Thirty participants performed a task in which responses were followed by faces whose expressions were partially contingent upon performance. Instructions given to half of the participants mentioned a link between task performance and the upcoming face expression. Instructed participants showed smaller error-related negativity (Ne/ERN) to erroneous responses and larger N170 to faces as compared to participants in the not-instructed group...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032924/epidemiology-of-rare-cancers-and-inequalities-in-oncologic-outcomes
#19
G Gatta, A Trama, R Capocaccia
Rare cancers epidemiology is better known compared to the other rare diseases. Thanks to the long history of the European population-based cancer registries and to the EUROCARE huge database, the burden of rare cancers has been estimated the European (EU28) population. A considerable fraction of all cancers is represented by rare cancers (24%). They are a heterogeneous group of diseases, but they share similar problems: uncertainty of diagnosis, lack of therapies, poor research opportunities, difficulties in clinical trials, lack of expertise and of centres of reference...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976540/effects-of-the-fitkids-physical-activity-randomized-controlled-trial-on-conflict-monitoring-in-youth
#20
Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Lauren B Raine, Mark R Scudder, R Davis Moore, Shih-Chun Kao, Daniel R Westfall, Chien-Ting Wu, Keita Kamijo, Darla M Castelli, Naiman A Khan, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
The present study investigated the effect of a 9-month physical activity (PA) intervention on children's cardiorespiratory fitness levels and neuroelectric indices of conflict monitoring (i.e., error-related negativity, ERN). Four hundred twenty-eight preadolescent children (8-9 years old) were randomized into a PA intervention or wait-list control group, and completed a fitness and cognitive control assessment (i.e., modified flanker task) at pre- and posttest. Following exclusion criterion, 308 children were included in the analyses (PA intervention: n = 139; wait-list control: n = 169)...
October 4, 2017: Psychophysiology
keyword
keyword
18069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"