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feedback-related negativity

Angelo Di Leo, Stephen Johnston, Keun Seok Lee, Eva Ciruelos, Per E Lønning, Wolfgang Janni, Ruth O'Regan, Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier, Dimitar Kalev, Daniel Egle, Tibor Csőszi, Roberto Bordonaro, Thomas Decker, Vivianne C G Tjan-Heijnen, Sibel Blau, Alessio Schirone, Denis Weber, Mona El-Hashimy, Bharani Dharan, Dalila Sellami, Thomas Bachelot
BACKGROUND: Activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway occurs frequently in breast cancer that is resistant to endocrine therapy. Approved mTOR inhibitors effectively inhibit cell growth and proliferation but elicit AKT phosphorylation via a feedback activation pathway, potentially leading to resistance to mTOR inhibitors. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of buparlisib plus fulvestrant in patients with advanced breast cancer who were pretreated with endocrine therapy and mTOR inhibitors...
December 6, 2017: Lancet Oncology
Yasuo Miki, Shuji Shimoyama, Tomoya Kon, Tatsuya Ueno, Ryo Hayakari, Kunikazu Tanji, Tomoh Matsumiya, Eiki Tsushima, Fumiaki Mori, Koichi Wakabayashi, Masahiko Tomiyama
Previous postmortem studies demonstrated dysregulation of autophagy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). To clarify whether this alteration reflects a fundamental aspect of PD or represents the final stage of autophagy dysregulation resulting from a long neurodegenerative process, we focused on basal autophagy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of PD patients (n = 35) and controls (n = 23). The whole-transcriptome assay revealed downregulation of mRNAs for 6 core regulators of autophagy (UNC-51-like kinase [ULK] 3, autophagy-related [Atg] 2A, Atg4B, Atg5, Atg16L1, and histone deacetylase 6)...
November 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
Ann Van de Winckel, Yu-Ting Tseng, Daniel Chantigian, Kaitlyn Lorant, Zinat Zarandi, Jeffrey Buchanan, Thomas A Zeffiro, Mia Larson, Becky Olson-Kellogg, Jürgen Konczak, Manda L Keller-Ross
Perception of limb and body positions is known as proprioception. Sensory feedback, especially from proprioceptive receptors, is essential for motor control. Aging is associated with a decline in position sense at proximal joints, but there is inconclusive evidence of distal joints being equally affected by aging. In addition, there is initial evidence that physical activity attenuates age-related decline in proprioception. Our objectives were, first, to establish wrist proprioceptive acuity in a large group of seniors and compare their perception to young adults, and second, to determine if specific types of training or regular physical activity are associated with preserved wrist proprioception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
D R Rutgers, F van Raamt, W van Lankeren, C J Ravesloot, A van der Gijp, Th J Ten Cate, J P J van Schaik
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Dutch Radiology Progress Test (DRPT) for knowledge testing in radiology residency training in The Netherlands from its start in 2003 up to 2016. METHODS: We reviewed all DRPTs conducted since 2003. We assessed key changes and events in the test throughout the years, as well as resident participation and dispensation for the DRPT, test reliability and discriminative power of test items. RESULTS: The DRPT has been conducted semi-annually since 2003, except for 2015 when one digital DRPT failed...
December 1, 2017: European Radiology
Elena Krugliakova, Vasily Klucharev, Tommaso Fedele, Alexey Gorin, Aleksandra Kuznetsova, Anna Shestakova
Reflecting the discrepancy between received and predicted outcomes, the reward prediction error (RPE) plays an important role in learning in a dynamic environment. A number of studies suggested that the feedback-related negativity (FRN) component of an event-related potential, known to be associated with unexpected outcomes, encodes RPEs. While FRN was clearly shown to be sensitive to the probability of outcomes, the effect of outcome magnitude on FRN remains to be further clarified. In studies on the neural underpinnings of reward anticipation and outcome evaluation, a monetary incentive delay (MID) task proved to be particularly useful...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Qiwei Yang, Ding Zhao, Yan Wu, Ping Tang, Ruolei Gu, Yue-Jia Luo
Previous research has revealed that incidental emotions of different valence (positive/negative/neutral) produce distinct impacts on risk decision-making. This study went on to compare the effects of different emotions of which the valence are identical. We focused on anger and fear, both of which are negative emotions but differ in motivational and appraisal dimensions. Participants finished a forced-choice gambling task, during which incidental emotions (anger/fear/happy) were elicited by facial stimuli selected from the Chinese Facial Affective Picture System...
November 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
Evgeny Gromov, Boris Malomed
New two-component soliton solutions of the coupled high-frequency (HF)-low-frequency (LF) system, based on Schrödinger-Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) system with the Zakharov's coupling, are obtained for arbitrary relative strengths of the nonlinearity and dispersion in the LF component. The complex HF field is governed by the linear Schrödinger equation with a potential generated by the real LF component, which, in turn, is governed by the KdV equation including the ponderomotive coupling term, representing the feedback of the HF field onto the LF component...
November 2017: Chaos
Matthew R Green, Marina L Marcolin, Cheryl M McCormick
Estradiol potentiates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity and delays the return of glucocorticoid secretion to baseline after a stressor exposure in female rats; we investigated whether estradiol effects involve actions on glucocorticoid receptor (GR) translocation and expression of receptor co-chaperones. In Experiment 1 intact females and ovariectomized (OVX) females were treated for four days with vehicle (VEH), 17β-estradiol benzoate (EB), or EB and progesterone (EB + P). Samples were taken from rats in the home cage (baseline) or after 30 min of restraint stress in a plastic restrainer (post-restraint) (n = 10/group)...
November 30, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Anna Metzler, Herbert Scheithauer
Social networking sites are a substantial part of adolescents' daily lives. By using a longitudinal approach the current study examined the impact of (a) positive self-presentation, (b) number of friends, and (c) the initiation of online relationships on Facebook on adolescents' self-esteem and their initiation of offline relationships, as well as the mediating role of positive feedback. Questionnaire data were obtained from 217 adolescents (68% girls, mean age 16.7 years) in two waves. Adolescents' positive self-presentation and number of friends were found to be related to a higher frequency of receiving positive feedback, which in turn was negatively associated with self-esteem...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Francesc Jiménez-Altayó, Anna-Maria Siegert, Fabio Bonorino, Thayna Meirelles, Laura Barberà, Ana P Dantas, Elisabet Vila, Gustavo Egea
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a hereditary disorder of the connective tissue that causes life-threatening aortic aneurysm, which initiates at the aortic root and can progress into the ascending portion. However, analysis of ascending aorta reactivity in animal models of MFS has remained elusive. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that although MFS is equally prevalent in men and women, men are at a higher risk of aortic complications than non-pregnant women. Nevertheless, there is no experimental evidence to support this hypothesis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Roman Osinsky, Kristina Holst, Natalie Ulrich
In a recent study we have demonstrated that the feedback-related negativity (FRN) reflects the integrated value of instantaneous and delayed decision consequences (Osinsky et al. 2017). In the present work, we extend this research by using a novel choice task in which instant and delayed consequence values of a single decision outcome can be manipulated independently of each other in a trial-wise manner. Fifty-nine healthy participants completed this task while EEG was recorded. Twenty-two of them returned one week later for a retesting, allowing for investigating temporal stability of individual FRN indices...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Erika K Tse, Denise D Belsham
Dietary fats can modulate brain function. How free fatty acids (FFAs) alter hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons remain undefined. The saturated FFA, palmitate, increased neuroinflammatory and ER stress markers, as well as Pomc mRNA levels, but did not affect insulin signaling, in mHypoA-POMC/GFP-2 neurons. This effect was mediated through the MAP kinases JNK and ERK. Further, the increase in Pomc was dependent on palmitoyl-coA synthesis, but not de novo ceramide synthesis, as inhibition of SPT enhanced palmitate-induced Pomc expression, while methylpalmitate had no effect...
November 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Davide Gheza, Katharina Paul, Gilles Pourtois
Evaluative feedback provided during performance monitoring (PM) elicits either a positive or negative deflection ~250-300ms after its onset in the event-related potential (ERP) depending on whether the outcome is reward-related or not, as well as expected or not. However, it remains currently unclear whether these two deflections reflect a unitary process, or rather dissociable effects arising from non-overlapping brain networks. To address this question, we recorded 64-channel EEG in healthy adult participants performing a standard gambling task where valence and expectancy were manipulated in a factorial design...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Jing Tang, Yan Liao, Shuying He, Jie Shi, Liang Peng, Xiaoping Xu, Fang Xie, Na Diao, Jinlan Huang, Qian Xie, Chuang Lin, Xiaoying Luo, Kaili Liao, Juanjuan Ma, Jingyi Li, Daichao Zhou, Zhijun Li, Jun Xu, Chao Zhong, Guozhen Wang, Lan Bai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is an aggressive tumor with a high fatality rate. It was recently found that parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) was frequently overexpressed in ICC compared with non-tumor tissue. This study aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of PTHLH in ICC development. METHODS: The CCK-8 assay, colony formation assays, flow cytometry and a xenograft model were used to examine the role of PTHLH in ICC cells proliferation...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that body image disturbance is transmitted from mother to daughter via modeling of maternal body-related behaviors and attitudes (indirect transmission) and via maternal body-related feedback (direct transmission). So far, the transmission of body-related attentional biases, which according to cognitive-behavioral theories play a prominent role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders, has not been analyzed. The current eye-tracking study applied the concepts of direct and indirect transmission to body-related attentional biases by examining body-related viewing patterns on self- and other-pictures within mother-daughter dyads...
2017: PloS One
Denise Ma, Lisa A Serbin, Dale M Stack
Anxiety can impact the immune system resulting in negative health outcomes. Salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) is a first line of defense against foreign antigens, with lowered levels indicative of weakened mucosal immunity. Little is known about how anxiety symptoms affect the diurnal rhythm of sIgA secretion, or the longitudinal transactional sequence between the two in children and adolescents. The goals of the two studies were to: (i) explore the concurrent associations between self-reported anxiety symptoms and diurnal variations of sIgA across the day using repeated daily samples of sIgA; and (ii) examine transactional relations between children's anxiety and aggregated total amount of sIgA levels across successive periods from middle childhood (Wave 1; ages 9-12) to early adolescence (Wave 2; ages 12-15), and from early to mid- adolescence (Wave 3; ages 15-18)...
November 24, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
Ayoub Daliri, Ludo Max
Auditory modulation during speech movement planning is limited in adults who stutter (AWS), but the functional relevance of the phenomenon itself remains unknown. We investigated for AWS and adults who do not stutter (AWNS) (a) a potential relationship between pre-speech auditory modulation and auditory feedback contributions to speech motor learning and (b) the effect on pre-speech auditory modulation of real-time versus delayed auditory feedback. Experiment I used a sensorimotor adaptation paradigm to estimate auditory-motor speech learning...
November 13, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Sally A Radell, Margaret L Keneman, Mara P Mandradjieff, Daniel D Adame, Steven P Cole
This mixed methods study compares the level of satisfaction with one's body image between beginning- and advanced-level female collegiate ballet students. Thirty-six beginning-level students were enrolled in two ballet classes, and a second group of 16 advanced-level students was enrolled in a third class. A mirror was used in the teaching of both groups. During the first and thirteenth week of a 14-week semester, students completed the Cash 69-item Body Self-Relations Questionnaire. In addition, five students from each group were randomly selected to participate in semi-structured interviews during the second and last week of the semester...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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