keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Elite

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#1
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214098/is-perceived-athlete-leadership-quality-related-to-team-effectiveness-a-comparison-of-three-professional-sports-teams
#2
Katrien Fransen, S Alexander Haslam, Clifford J Mallett, Niklas K Steffens, Kim Peters, Filip Boen
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have argued that leadership is one of the most important determinants of team effectiveness. The present study examined the extent to which the perceived quality of athlete leadership was related to the effectiveness of elite sports teams. DESIGN: Three professional football teams (N=135) participated in our study during the preparation phase for the Australian 2016 season. METHODS: Players and coaching staff were asked to assess players' leadership quality in four leadership roles (as task, motivational, social, and external leader) via an online survey...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213475/wheat-landrace-genome-diversity
#3
Luzie U Wingen, Claire West, Michelle Leverington-Waite, Sarah Collier, Simon Orford, Richard Goram, Cai-Yun Yang, Julie King, Alexandra M Allen, Amanda Burridge, Keith J Edwards, Simon Griffiths
Understanding the genomic complexity of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a cornerstone in the quest to unravel the processes of domestication and the following adaptation of domesticated wheat to a wide variety of environments across the globe. Additionally, it is of importance for future improvement of the crop, particularly in the light of climate change. Focussing on the adaptation after domestication, a nested association mapping (NAM) panel of 60 segregating bi-parental populations were developed mainly involving landrace accessions from the core set of the Watkins hexaploid wheat collection optimized for genetic diversity (WINGEN et al...
February 17, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213178/the-atypical-excretion-profile-of-meldonium-comparison-of-urinary-detection-windows-after-single-and-multiple-dose-application-in-healthy-volunteers
#4
Christian Görgens, Sven Guddat, Christina Bosse, Hans Geyer, Valentin Pop, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
Following a one-year monitoring program providing unequivocal analytical evidence for a high prevalence in international elite sports, meldonium has been included in the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) list of prohibited substances that came into effect on 1 January 2016. Despite of the polar and hydrophilic nature of the molecule, an unusual long detection window was observed in pilot elimination studies. Consequently, in the present study, urinary excretion profiles after single-dose (5 volunteers, 1×500mg) and multiple-dose oral application (5 volunteers; 2×500mg/day for 6days) were determined in order to facilitate the result management concerning meldonium findings in doping controls...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212392/what-s-in-a-game-a-systems-approach-to-enhancing-performance-analysis-in-football
#5
Scott McLean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Gemma J M Read, Colin Solomon
PURPOSE: Performance analysis (PA) in football is considered to be an integral component of understanding the requirements for optimal performance. Despite vast amounts of research in this area key gaps remain, including what comprises PA in football, and methods to minimise research-practitioner gaps. The aim of this study was to develop a model of the football match system in order to better describe and understand the components of football performance. Such a model could inform the design of new PA methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212284/micronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-prevalence-of-low-and-high-intakes-in-users-and-non-users-of-nutritional-supplements
#6
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
This study investigated whether athletes meet micronutrient recommendations and whether the adequacy of their intake is related to the use of dietary supplements, sport nutrition products or a combination. Micronutrient intakes of 553 Dutch (sub-) elite athletes were assessed using web-based 24-h dietary recalls with accompanying nutritional supplement questionnaires. In the majority of both users and non-users of dietary supplements, vitamin D intake was below the estimated average requirement (AR) if supplements were not included in the analysis...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212266/individual-patterns-in-blood-borne-indicators-of-fatigue-trait-or-chance
#7
Ross Julian, Tim Meyer, Hugh H K Fullagar, Sabrina Skorski, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann, Alexander Ferrauti, Anne Hecksteden
Julian, R, Meyer, T, Fullagar, HHK, Skorski, S, Pfeiffer, M, Kellmann, M, Ferrauti, A, and Hecksteden, A. Individual patterns in blood-borne indicators of fatigue-trait or chance. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 608-619, 2017-Blood-borne markers of fatigue such as creatine kinase (CK) and urea (U) are widely used to fine-tune training recommendations. However, predictive accuracy is low. A possible explanation for this dissatisfactory characteristic is the propensity of athletes to react to different patterns of fatigue indicators (e...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211903/activating-killer-immunoglobulin-receptors-and-hla-c-a-successful-combination-providing-hiv-1-control
#8
Mauro S Malnati, Elisabetta Ugolotti, Maria Cristina Monti, Davide De Battista, Irene Vanni, Domenico Bordo, Francesca Sironi, Patrizia Larghero, Eddi Di Marco, Priscilla Biswas, Guido Poli, Elisa Vicenzi, Agostino Riva, Maciej Tarkowski, Giuseppe Tambussi, Silvia Nozza, Gino Tripodi, Francesco Marras, Andrea De Maria, Angela Pistorio, Roberto Biassoni
Several studies demonstrated a relevant role of polymorphisms located within the HLA-B and -C loci and the Killer Immunoglobulin Receptors (KIRs) 3DL1 and 3DS1 in controlling HIV-1 replication. KIRs are regulatory receptors expressed at the surface of NK and CD8+ T-cells that specifically bind HLA-A and -B alleles belonging to the Bw4 supratype and all the -C alleles expressing the C1 or C2 supratype. We here disclose a novel signature associated with the Elite Controller but not with the long-term nonprogressor status concerning 2DS activating KIRs and HLA-C2 alleles insensitive to miRNA148a regulation...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210349/a-comparison-of-serve-speed-and-motor-coordination-between-elite-and-club-level-tennis-players
#9
Mustafa Söğüt
The purpose of this study was to compare the serve speed and motor coordination of elite and club level junior tennis players aged 11-14 years. Participants (n=35) were assigned to one of the two groups according to their experience, weekly training volume and competition level. Serve speed was assessed with a sports radar gun. Motor coordination was evaluated by means of the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder. The main results revealed that serve speed and motor coordination performance levels of the elite group were significantly higher than those of the club group...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210347/assessing-cognitive-performance-in-badminton-players-a-reproducibility-and-validity-study
#10
Tanja van de Water, Barbara Huijgen, Irene Faber, Marije Elferink-Gemser
Fast reaction and good inhibitory control are associated with elite sports performance. To evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a newly developed Badminton Reaction Inhibition Test (BRIT), fifteen elite (25 ± 4 years) and nine non-elite (24 ± 4 years) Dutch male badminton players participated in the study. The BRIT measured four components: domain-general reaction time, badminton-specific reaction time, domain-general inhibitory control and badminton-specific inhibitory control. Five participants were retested within three weeks on the badminton-specific components...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210346/mental-toughness-in-talented-youth-tennis-players-a-comparison-between-on-court-observations-and-a-self-reported-measure
#11
Ruben Houwer, Tamara Kramer, Ruud den Hartigh, Nikki Kolman, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Barbara Huijgen
In tennis, mental toughness is often considered highly important in achieving the elite level. The current study is the first to examine behavioural expressions of mental toughness on the court and their relationships with self-reported measures. Based on the input of five experienced tennis coaches of junior tennis players and behaviours used in previous studies, we developed a taxonomy consisting of six positive behaviours and ten negative ones. To investigate the relationship between these on-court behaviours of mental toughness and how the players rated their own mental toughness, emotional control in particular, six talented tennis players (aged 10-13) were recorded during tennis matches and filled out the self-reported measure of mental toughness (MTQ48)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210345/the-dutch-technical-tactical-tennis-test-d4t-for-talent-identification-and-development-psychometric-characteristics
#12
Nikki Kolman, Barbara Huijgen, Tamara Kramer, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Chris Visscher
This study examined the test-retest reliability, validity and feasibility of the newly developed Dutch Technical-Tactical Tennis Test (D4T). This new test is relevant for talent identification and development in tennis. Thirty-two youth male tennis players (age 13.4 ± 0.5) were classified as elite (n = 15) or sub-elite (n = 17) according to their position on the national youth ranking list under 15 years (cut-off rank 50) in the Netherlands. Games, rallies and different tactical situations (i.e. offensive, neutral and defensive) were simulated with a ball machine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210338/influence-of-game-evolution-and-the-phase-of-competition-on-temporal-game-structure-in-high-level-table-tennis-tournaments
#13
Jorge Vieira de Mello Leite, Fabio Augusto Barbieri, Willian Miyagi, Elvis de Souza Malta, Alessandro Moura Zagatto
The aims of this study were: a) to investigate the game temporal structure in high-level table tennis competitions; b) to verify the influence of game evolution in international competitions from 2009 to 2012 (World Table Tennis Championships and the Olympic Games) on game temporal structure; c) to compare game temporal structure according to the phase of competition. Comparisons between the three international tournaments demonstrated that rally duration decreased significantly (p < 0.05) during the analyzed period (2009-2012), while the rest time increased (p < 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210337/extraction-of-knowledge-from-the-topographic-attentive-mapping-network-and-its-application-in-skill-analysis-of-table-tennis
#14
Isao Hayashi, Masanori Fujii, Toshiyuki Maeda, Jasmin Leveille, Tokio Tasaka
The Topographic Attentive Mapping (TAM) network is a biologically-inspired classifier that bears similarities to the human visual system. In case of wrong classification during training, an attentional top-down signal modulates synaptic weights in intermediate layers to reduce the difference between the desired output and the classifier's output. When used in a TAM network, the proposed pruning algorithm improves classification accuracy and allows extracting knowledge as represented by the network structure...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208581/macronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-endurance-team-and-strength-athletes-does-intake-differ-between-sport-disciplines
#15
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207979/a-comparison-of-injuries-in-elite-male-and-female-football-players-a-5-season-prospective-study
#16
Jon Larruskain, Jose A Lekue, Nerea Diaz, Adrian Odriozola, Susana M Gil
The aim was to compare the epidemiology of injuries between elite male and female football players from the same club. Injuries and individual exposure time in a male team and a female team, both playing in the Spanish first division, were prospectively recorded by the club's medical staff for five seasons (2010-2015) following the FIFA consensus statement. Total, training and match exposure hours per player-season were 20% higher for men compared to women (P < 0.01). Total, training and match injury incidence were 30-40% higher in men (P ≤ 0...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207969/multiple-factors-explain-injury-risk-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#17
Philip von Rosen, Anna Frohm, Anders Kottorp, Cecilia Fridén, Annette Heijne
Many risk factors for injury are presented in the literature, few of those are however consistent and the majority is associated with adult and not adolescent elite athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors for injury in adolescent elite athletes, by applying a biopsychosocial approach. A total of 496 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using a validated questionnaire about injuries, training exposure, sleep, stress, nutrition and competence-based self-esteem...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207671/a-silver-medal-winner-at-the-13th-world-wu-shu-championship-2015-17-months-after-selective-thoracic-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-case-report
#18
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Izzuddin Aziz, Fong Wei Chai, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the successful rehabilitation and the training progress of an elite high performance martial art exponent after selective thoracic fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal fusion for AIS will result in loss of spinal flexibility. The process of rehabilitation after posterior spinal fusion for AIS remains controversial and there are few reports of return to elite sports performance after posterior spinal fusion for AIS...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207488/lessons-learned-from-humoral-responses-of-hiv-patients
#19
Laura E McCoy, Áine McKnight
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since 2009 many broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV have been identified, yet there is still no vaccine capable of inducing such antibodies in humans. This review considers the early observations of HIV sera neutralization in light of more recent studies and highlights areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: Large clinical cohort studies using standardized neutralization assays and pseudoviruses derived from primary isolates have shown that 10-30% of HIV infections result in some level of serum neutralization breadth...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205470/arthrodesis-of-little-finger-distal-interphalangeal-joint-in-flexion-to-regain-sporting-ability
#20
S M Beecher, D E O'Briain, J P Ng, E Murphy, M E O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Finger injuries are common in the sport of hurling. Injury to the little finger distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) often occurs when a high dropping ball impacts on the outstretched finger. The little finger contributes to approximately 15% of grip strength. Injury therefore results in reduced grip strength and may impair the ability of players to grip or catch a ball. METHODS: Six elite hurlers with post-traumatic arthritis of their non-dominant little finger DIPJ underwent arthrodesis in 30 degrees of flexion...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
keyword
keyword
18054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"