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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723909/reliability-convergent-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-dass-21-in-a-sample-of-vietnamese-adolescents
#1
Minh Thi Hong Le, Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. METHOD: An anonymous, self-completed questionnaire was conducted among 1,745 high school students in Hanoi, Vietnam between October, 2013 and January, 2014. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21. Factorial invariance between girls and boys was examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723892/global-forest-loss-disproportionately-erodes-biodiversity-in-intact-landscapes
#2
Matthew G Betts, Christopher Wolf, William J Ripple, Ben Phalan, Kimberley A Millers, Adam Duarte, Stuart H M Butchart, Taal Levi
Global biodiversity loss is a critical environmental crisis, yet the lack of spatial data on biodiversity threats has hindered conservation strategies. Theory predicts that abrupt biodiversity declines are most likely to occur when habitat availability is reduced to very low levels in the landscape (10-30%). Alternatively, recent evidence indicates that biodiversity is best conserved by minimizing human intrusion into intact and relatively unfragmented landscapes. Here we use recently available forest loss data to test deforestation effects on International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List categories of extinction risk for 19,432 vertebrate species worldwide...
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723550/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-primitive-macrophages-provide-a-platform-for-modeling-tissue-resident-macrophage-differentiation-and-function
#3
Kazuyuki Takata, Tatsuya Kozaki, Christopher Zhe Wei Lee, Morgane Sonia Thion, Masayuki Otsuka, Shawn Lim, Kagistia Hana Utami, Kerem Fidan, Dong Shin Park, Benoit Malleret, Svetoslav Chakarov, Peter See, Donovan Low, Gillian Low, Marta Garcia-Miralles, Ruizhu Zeng, Jinqiu Zhang, Chi Ching Goh, Ahmet Gul, Sandra Hubert, Bernett Lee, Jinmiao Chen, Ivy Low, Nurhidaya Binte Shadan, Josephine Lum, Tay Seok Wei, Esther Mok, Shohei Kawanishi, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Anis Larbi, Michael Poidinger, Laurent Renia, Lai Guan Ng, Yochai Wolf, Steffen Jung, Tamer Önder, Evan Newell, Tara Huber, Eishi Ashihara, Sonia Garel, Mahmoud A Pouladi, Florent Ginhoux
Tissue macrophages arise during embryogenesis from yolk-sac (YS) progenitors that give rise to primitive YS macrophages. Until recently, it has been impossible to isolate or derive sufficient numbers of YS-derived macrophages for further study, but data now suggest that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be driven to undergo a process reminiscent of YS-hematopoiesis in vitro. We asked whether iPSC-derived primitive macrophages (iMacs) can terminally differentiate into specialized macrophages with the help of growth factors and organ-specific cues...
July 18, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722628/serologic-evidence-of-various-arboviruses-detected-in-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-in-the-united-states
#4
Kerri Pedersen, Eryu Wang, Scott C Weaver, Paul C Wolf, Adam R Randall, Kyle R Van Why, Amelia P A Travassos Da Rosa, Thomas Gidlewski
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are an abundant mammal with a wide geographic distribution in the United States, which make them good sentinels for monitoring arboviral activity across the country. Exposure to various arboviruses has been detected in white-tailed deer, typically in conjunction with another diagnostic finding. To better assess the exposure of white-tailed deer to seven arboviruses, we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722379/-nail-changes-diagnostic-considerations-in-everyday-medical-general-practice
#5
Caroline De Lorenzi, Marem Abosaleh, Wolf-Henning Boehncke
Consultations for nail changes are frequent in everyday practice with direct diagnostic considerations into different directions, traumatism, infection, inflammation being the most common ones, and neoplasia being less frequent. The most common symptom is ungual dystrophia ; that is an alteration or perturbation of ungual growth. It presents differently depending on nature or length of the underlying pathologia. The purpose of this article is to highlight some ungual disorders to help the general practitioner to identify and refer them to the specialist if necessary...
March 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722376/choisir-le-bon-m%C3%A3-dicament-pour-votre-patient-evidence-vs-eminence-based-medicine
#6
EDITORIAL
Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Michel Gilliet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721741/the-relevance-of-hippocampal-subfield-integrity-and-clock-drawing-test-performance-for-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#7
Dusan Hirjak, Fabio Sambataro, Barbara Remmele, Katharina M Kubera, Johannes Schröder, Ulrich Seidl, Anne K Thomann, Klaus H Maier-Hein, Robert C Wolf, Philipp A Thomann
OBJECTIVES: The clock drawing test (CDT) is one of the worldwide most used screening tests for Alzheimer's disease (AD). MRI studies have identified temporo-parietal regions being involved in CDT impairment. However, the contributions of the hippocampal formation to CDT performance in AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have not been investigated so far. It is unclear whether morphological alterations or CDT score, or a combination of both, are able to predict AD. METHODS: 38 AD patients, 38 MCI individuals and 31 healthy controls underwent neuropsychological assessment and MRI at 3 Tesla...
July 19, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721519/variations-of-cocoon-external-lipids-during-wolf-spiderlings-development
#8
F Ruhland, S Schulz, Marie Trabalon
This study presents the first characterisation of the silk lipids of the cocoons of a wolf spider (Pardosa saltans). Wolf spiders' maternal behaviour is complex and involves guarding a cocoon for several weeks, and so cocoons must emit cues to ensure their care and the development of juveniles. We investigated cues associated with the cocoon silk. We assessed qualitative changes of the lipid contents and the composition of cocoon silk in relation to the development of P. saltans wolf spider juveniles. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of P...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719556/inadvertent-harvest-of-the-median-nerve-instead-of-the-palmaris-longus-tendon
#9
Bruce M Leslie, A Lee Osterman, Scott W Wolfe
BACKGROUND: The palmaris longus tendon is frequently used as a tendon graft or ligament replacement. In rare instances the median nerve has been inadvertently harvested instead of the palmaris longus for use as a tendon. METHODS: Nineteen cases in which the median nerve had been mistakenly harvested instead of the palmaris longus tendon were collected from members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) Listserve. Surgeons involved in the subsequent care of the subject who had had an inadvertent harvest were contacted or the chart was reviewed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719285/trial-of-a-novel-intervention-to-improve-multiple-food-hygiene-behaviors-in-nepal
#10
Om Prasad Gautam, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Sandy Cairncross, Sue Cavill, Valerie Curtis
AbstractIn this study, we report on the results of a trial of an intervention to improve five food hygiene behaviors among mothers of young children in rural Nepal. This novel intervention targeted five behaviors; cleanliness of serving utensils, handwashing with soap before feeding, proper storage of cooked food, and thorough reheating and water treatment. Based on formative research and a creative process using the Behavior-Centered Design approach, an innovative intervention package was designed and delivered over a period of 3 months...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718970/activation-of-semantic-information-at-the-sublexical-level-during-handwriting-production-evidence-from-inhibition-effects-of-chinese-semantic-radicals-in-the-picture-word-interference-paradigm
#11
Xuqian Chen, Yuanlan Liao, Xianzhe Chen
Using a non-alphabetic language (e.g., Chinese), the present study tested a novel view that semantic information at the sublexical level should be activated during handwriting production. Over 80% of Chinese characters are phonograms, in which semantic radicals represent category information (e.g., 'chair,' 'peach,' 'orange' are related to plants) while phonetic radicals represent phonetic information (e.g., 'wolf,' 'brightness,' 'male,' are all pronounced /lang/). Under different semantic category conditions at the lexical level (semantically related in Experiment 1; semantically unrelated in Experiment 2), the orthographic relatedness and semantic relatedness of semantic radicals in the picture name and its distractor were manipulated under different SOAs (i...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718945/efficient-paw-based-bond-strength-analysis-for-understanding-the-in-si-111-8-%C3%A3-2-4-%C3%A3-1-phase-transition
#12
Andreas Lücke, Uwe Gerstmann, Thomas D Kühne, Wolf G Schmidt
A numerically efficient yet highly accurate implementation of the crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) scheme for plane-wave calculations is presented. It is based on the projector-augmented wave (PAW) formalism in combination with norm-conserving pseudopotentials and allows to extract chemical interactions between atoms from band-structure calculations even for large and complex systems. The potential of the present COHP implementation is demonstrated by an in-depth analysis of the intensively investigated metal-insulator transition in atomic-scale indium wires self-assembled on the Si(111) surface...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718914/reduced-numbers-of-circulating-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-patients-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#13
Christoph B Geier, Sophie Kraupp, David Bra, Martha M Eibl, Jocelyn R Farmer, Krisztian Csomos, Jolan E Walter, Hermann M Wolf
Recent studies identified an emerging role of group 2 and 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) as key players in the generation of T-dependent and T-independent antibody production. In this retrospective case-control study CD117(+) ILCs (including the majority of ILC2 and ILC3) were reduced in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The reduction in CD117(+) ILCs was distinctive to CVID and could not be observed in patients with X linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Patients with a more pronounced reduction in CD117(+) ILC numbers showed significantly lower numbers of peripheral MZ-like B cells and an increased prevalence of chronic, non-infectious enteropathy...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717592/epas1-variants-in-high-altitude-tibetan-wolves-were-selectively-introgressed-into-highland-dogs
#14
Bridgett vonHoldt, Zhenxin Fan, Diego Ortega-Del Vecchyo, Robert K Wayne
BACKGROUND: Admixture can facilitate adaptation. For example, black wolves have obtained the variant causing black coat color through past hybridization with domestic dogs and have higher fitness than gray colored wolves. Another recent example of the transfer of adaptive variation between the two species has been suggested by the similarity between high altitude Tibetan mastiffs and wolves at the EPAS1 gene, a transcription factor induced in low oxygen environments. METHODS: Here, we investigate the directionality of admixture in EPAS1 between 28 reference highland gray wolves, 15 reference domestic dogs, and 21 putatively admixed highland wolves...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716793/the-realities-of-partnership-in-person-centred-care-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-patients-and-professionals
#15
Axel Wolf, Lucy Moore, Doris Lydahl, Öncel Naldemirci, Mark Elam, Nicky Britten
OBJECTIVE: Although conceptual definitions of person-centred care (PCC) vary, most models value the involvement of patients through patient-professional partnerships. While this may increase patients' sense of responsibility and control, research is needed to further understand how this partnership is created and perceived. This study aims to explore the realities of partnership as perceived by patients and health professionals in everyday PCC practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study employing a thematic analysis of semistructured interviews with professionals and patients...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716387/respiratory-virus-prior-to-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-is-associated-with-allo-immune-mediated-lung-syndromes
#16
Birgitta Versluys, Marc Bierings, Jean Luc Murk, Tom Wolfs, Caroline Lindemans, Kors Vd Ent, Jaap Jan Boelens
BACKGROUND: Allo-immune mediated lung syndromes (allo-LS) are life-threatening complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Respiratory virus (RV) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We studied the relation between RV-DNA/RNA detection in upper/lower airway before HCT and the occurrence of allo-LS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all HCT recipients between 2004 and 2014, in whom Real-Time PCR for RV was done from Nasal-Pharyngeal-Aspirates (NPA) and Broncho-Alveolar- Lavage (BAL) before HCT...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715994/fgf23-and-nutritional-metabolism
#17
Lindsay R Pool, Myles Wolf
The discovery of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has provided a more complete understanding of the regulation of phosphate and mineral homeostasis in health and in chronic kidney disease. It has also offered new insights into stratification of risk of cardiovascular events and death among patients with chronic kidney disease and the general population. In this review, we provide an overview of FGF23 biology and physiology, summarize clinical outcomes that have been associated with FGF23, discuss potential mechanisms for these observations and their public health implications, and explore clinical and population health interventions that aim to reduce FGF23 levels and improve public health...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715659/fetal-heart-rate-variation-after-corticosteroids-for-fetal-maturation
#18
Olga Knaven, Wessel Ganzevoort, Marjon de Boer, Hans Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Several studies report a decrease of fetal heart rate (FHR) short-term variation (STV) after corticosteroids for improvement of fetal maturity and advice not to deliver a fetus for low STV within 2-3days after corticosteroids. However, literature is not unanimous in this respect. This study intends to asses STV longitudinally after corticosteroid administration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study in a tertiary perinatal centre from 2009 to 2015 included all women who had been treated with corticosteroids at gestational age of 26-34 weeks, had a computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) before and after medication and did not deliver within 48h...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714956/the-uncertainty-of-crop-yield-projections-is-reduced-by-improved-temperature-response-functions
#19
Enli Wang, Pierre Martre, Zhigan Zhao, Frank Ewert, Andrea Maiorano, Reimund P Rötter, Bruce A Kimball, Michael J Ottman, Gerard W Wall, Jeffrey W White, Matthew P Reynolds, Phillip D Alderman, Pramod K Aggarwal, Jakarat Anothai, Bruno Basso, Christian Biernath, Davide Cammarano, Andrew J Challinor, Giacomo De Sanctis, Jordi Doltra, Elias Fereres, Margarita Garcia-Vila, Sebastian Gayler, Gerrit Hoogenboom, Leslie A Hunt, Roberto C Izaurralde, Mohamed Jabloun, Curtis D Jones, Kurt C Kersebaum, Ann-Kristin Koehler, Leilei Liu, Christoph Müller, Soora Naresh Kumar, Claas Nendel, Garry O'Leary, Jørgen E Olesen, Taru Palosuo, Eckart Priesack, Ehsan Eyshi Rezaei, Dominique Ripoche, Alex C Ruane, Mikhail A Semenov, Iurii Shcherbak, Claudio Stöckle, Pierre Stratonovitch, Thilo Streck, Iwan Supit, Fulu Tao, Peter Thorburn, Katharina Waha, Daniel Wallach, Zhimin Wang, Joost Wolf, Yan Zhu, Senthold Asseng
Increasing the accuracy of crop productivity estimates is a key element in planning adaptation strategies to ensure global food security under climate change. Process-based crop models are effective means to project climate impact on crop yield, but have large uncertainty in yield simulations. Here, we show that variations in the mathematical functions currently used to simulate temperature responses of physiological processes in 29 wheat models account for >50% of uncertainty in simulated grain yields for mean growing season temperatures from 14 °C to 33 °C...
July 17, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714244/the-role-of-de-novo-mutations-in-the-development-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Perry Tc van Doormaal, Nicola Ticozzi, Jochen H Weishaupt, Kevin Kenna, Frank P Diekstra, Federico Verde, Peter M Andersen, Annelot M Dekker, Cinzia Tiloca, Nicolai Marroquin, Daniel J Overste, Viviana Pensato, Peter Nürnberg, Sara L Pulit, Raymond D Schellevis, Daniela Calini, Janine Altmüller, Laurent C Francioli, Bernard Muller, Barbara Castellotti, Susanne Motameny, Antonia Ratti, Joachim Wolf, Cinzia Gellera, Albert C Ludolph, Leonard H van den Berg, Christian Kubisch, John E Landers, Jan H Veldink, Vincenzo Silani, Alexander E Volk
The genetic basis combined with the sporadic occurrence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) suggests a role of de novo mutations in disease pathogenesis. Previous studies provided some evidence for this hypothesis, however results were conflicting: no genes with recurrent occurring de novo mutations were identified and different pathways were postulated. In this study we analyzed whole-exome data from 82 new patient-parents trios and combined it with the datasets of all previously published amyotrophic lateral sclerosis trios (173 trios in total)...
July 17, 2017: Human Mutation
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