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Cláiton Heitz, Guilherme Pivatto Louzada, Ricardo Augusto Conci, Renato Luiz Rodrigues, Guilherme Genehr Fritscher
Facial fractures due to dog attacks have an unknown incidence rate. To date, only 41 cases of canine bite trauma in a pediatric patient, associated with facial fracture, have been reported in the literature. As major species of involving dogs are the American pitbull terrier and rottweiler. Due to the intense kinematics of this trauma, the treatment becomes complex. Thus, attention to the primary repair of such complex lesions ensures satisfactory results, which is the focus of this discussion. The purpose of this review was to analyze how different ways to approach this type of trauma in children for clarification or correct management...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
P C Strøm, S L Marks, J A Rivera, G D Shelton
A 14-month-old female pitbull terrier mix was presented for evaluation of dysphagia of 8 months' duration secondary to intermittent dorsiflexion of the tongue apex. Physical and neurological examinations were unremarkable with the exception of the dorsiflexed tongue. Serum creatine kinase activity was increased (703 IU/L, reference interval: 55 to 257 IU/L), and electromyography of the tongue demonstrated areas of fibrillation potentials. Histopathology of the tongue showed myopathic changes with excessive variability in myofibre size and endomysial fibrosis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Ángela Guirao Montes, Laureano Molins López-Rodó, Ingrid Ramón Rodríguez, Gemma Sunyer Dequigiovanni, Núria Viñolas Segarra, Ramón María Marrades Sicart, Jorge Hernández Ferrández, Juan José Fibla Alfara, Álvaro Agustí García-Navarro
OBJECTIVES: Early lung cancer (LC) diagnosis is key to improve prognosis. We explored here the diagnostic performance of a trained dog to discriminate exhaled gas samples obtained from patients with and patients without LC and healthy controls. METHODS: After appropriate training, we exposed the dog (a 3-year-old cross-breed between a Labrador Retriever and a Pitbull) to 390 samples of exhaled gas collected from 113 individuals (85 patients with LC and 28 controls, which included 11 patients without LC and 17 healthy individuals) for a total of 785 times...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Theresa Ernst, Martin Kessler, Esther Lautscham, Lisanne Willimzig, Reto Neiger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the epidemiology of canine multicentric lymphoma in Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 411 dogs with multicentric malignant lymphoma were retrospectively analysed regarding breed, age, sex, weight and the number of animals dogs with hypercalcaemic lymphoma and B-/T-immunophenotype, and compared to two reference populations (total own clinic population, n   =   52  142; dogs with health insurance in Germany, n   =   123  423)...
August 17, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Alexandre Navarro Alves Souza, Angelica Cecilia Tatarunas, Julia Maria Matera
BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) is one of the most important stifle injuries and a common cause of lameness in dogs. Our objective was to measure the vertical forces in the pads of Pitbulls with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) using a pressure sensitive walkway. A pressure sensitive walkway was used to collect vertical force data from the pads of 10 Pitbulls affected with unilateral CCLR. Ten healthy Pitbulls were included in the study as controls. Velocity varied between 1...
2014: BMC Veterinary Research
D Groppetti, V Genualdo, G Bosi, A Pecile, A Iannuzzi, A Perucatti, L De Lorenzi, P Parma, S Arrighi
This work aimed at giving a deeper insight into peculiar cases of intersexuality occurring in dogs and known as XX true hermaphrodism due to the existence of both testicular and ovarian tissue in one or both gonads in the presence of an XX chromosome constitution. Clinical, histological and genetic approaches were used in the study of an 8-month-old Cocker Spaniel dog and a 3-year-old mixed-breed Pitbull, both showing a female phenotype, clitoromegaly and male behavior. A normal female karyotype (2n = 78,XX) was noticed, and polymerase chain reaction failed to detect SRY in genomic DNA obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of both dogs...
2012: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
Esther Schalke, Stefanie Ott, Jennifer Hirschfeld, Hansjoachim Hackbarth
The expertise on the interpretation of and 11 b TierSchG assumes that a hypertrophy of aggressive behaviour exists in some blood lines of Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers and Pitbull type dogs. This study was carried out to detect whether a hypertrophy of aggressive behaviour occurred in a certain Bull Terrier breed line. A total of 38 dogs representing this line were tested according to the guidelines of the Dangerous Animals Act of Lower Saxony, Germany (GefTVO) enacted on July 5th, 2000. Furthermore, the results of their behaviour towards other dogs during the test were compared to those of 347 dogs tested by Böttjer (2003) in order to investigate possible significant differences in the occurrence of inadequate or disturbed aggressive behaviour...
May 2010: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Stefanie Ott, Esther Schalke, Jennifer Hirschfeld, Hansjoachim Hackbarth
The expertise on the interpretation of section 11b TierSchG implies a hypertrophy of aggressive behaviour in some bloodlines of Bullterriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and Pitbull type dogs. This study aimed at finding out whether a hypertrophy of aggressive behaviour occurred in a certain Bullterrier bloodline. Dogs of this line were tested according to the guidelines of the Dangerous Animals Act of Lower Saxony, Germany (GefTVO) enacted on July 5th 2000. The Bullterriers' test results towards humans and environment were compared to those of 415 dogs affected by the legislation (Mittmann, 2002) and those of 70 Golden Retrievers (Johann, 2004) in order to detect possible differences in the occurrence of inadequate or disturbed aggressive behaviour...
April 2009: DTW. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Iris A Seitz, Craig S Williams, Thomas A Wiedrich, Ginard Henry, John G Seiler, Loren S Schechter
Free omental tissue transfer is a versatile reconstructive option for trunk, head and neck, and extremity reconstruction. Its utility is due to the length and caliber of the vascular pedicle and the malleability and surface area of the flap. We report our experience with omental free flap coverage of complex upper-extremity defects. A retrospective analysis of eight omental free-tissue transfers in seven patients with complex upper-extremity defects between 1999 and 2008 was performed. Indications, operative technique, and outcome were evaluated...
December 2009: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Cheryl L Loewe, Francisco J Diaz, John Bechinski
Between the years 1987 and 2005, there were 6 deaths reported in Wayne County, Michigan, associated with pitbull dog attacks. This article discusses the age incidence, scene investigation, nature of the injuries, and discussion relative to fatal dog attacks, an unusual accidental type of death.
December 2007: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
K Au, K L Mattern, D D Lewis
Repair of a Salter-Harris type IV dicondylar humeral fracture was performed on a 15-week-old pitbull terrier. Interfragmentary compression of the intracondylar component of the fracture was achieved with a transilial rod and locking nuts (Trans-ilial Rod; IMEX Veterinary, Inc.). The transilial rod was articulated with a modified type I external fixator which functioned as adjunctive stabilisation for the supracondylar component of the fracture. Fracture healing was confirmed radiographically five weeks following surgery...
March 2008: Journal of Small Animal Practice
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2007: Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde
Franziska Kuhne, Rainer Struwe
The law for handling and control of dogs in Berlin of September 29, 2004 was enacted to prevent the risks for humans and animals when ever they have contact with dogs. "Dangerous dogs" are defined by this law. There are 10 breeds of dogs supposed to be dangerous due to specific characteristics of their breed ("listed breeds"). The dangerousness of a dog's breed is not identical with the dangerousness of an individual dog. The subject of this study is to examine the potential dangerousness of dog breeds and not the individual dangerousness of a dog...
November 2006: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Peter J de Jong, Madelon L Peters
There is increasing evidence that spiders are not feared because of harmful outcome expectancies but because of disgust and contamination-relevant outcome expectancies. This study investigated the relative strength of contamination- and harm-relevant UCS expectancies and covariation bias in spider phobia. High (n=25) and low (n=24) spider fearful individuals saw a series of slides comprising spiders, pitbulls, maggots, and rabbits. Slides were randomly paired with either a harm-relevant outcome (electrical shock), a contamination-related outcome (drinking of a distasting fluid), or nothing...
June 2007: Behaviour Research and Therapy
M Hülsenbusch
The Federal Constitutional Court decided with its "Dangerous dog-judgment" about the constitutional complaint of 53 dog breeders on the federal act combating dangerous dogs. This judgment was a so-called Pyrrhic Victory for the appellants. The Court declared the legislative competence of the federal level in this issue for null and void. But the statutory prohibition for breeding Pitbull-Terrier-, American Staffordshire-Terrier-, Staffordshire-Bullterrier-, Bullterrier-races and cross breeding out of this dogs will be governed in police laws by the Laender finally...
March 2005: DTW. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
B E Rollin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2001: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
S R Platt, J Graham, C L Chrisman, A Adjiri-Awere, R M Clemmons
A 7-year-old intact male pitbull presented with a 2-month history of progressive dysequilibrium. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was indicative of a central inflammatory or neoplastic disorder. A cerebellar cystic structure was identified on magnetic resonance imaging which was found to be an epidermoid cyst on histopathology.
September 1999: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
L A Bolton, D Camby, J Boomker
A male pitbull terrier was presented with a history of stranguria and depression. On clinical and radiological examination a suspected necrogranuloma of the caudal os penis, which obstructed the urethra, was found. The necrogranuloma was removed surgically and contained blood and necrotic tissue as well as several adult male and female Ancylostoma caninum worms. The urethral obstruction resulted in post-renal azotaemia, hydronephrosis and eventually bladder rupture. A rare case of aberrant migration of A. caninum to the os penis of a dog is described...
September 1996: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
L C Case, G V Ling, C E Franti, A L Ruby, F Stevens, D L Johnson
One hundred and seven cystine-containing urinary calculi from 1 female and 101 male dogs were analyzed. Cystine-containing calculi accounted for 2% (107 of 5,375) of all canine urinary calculi submitted to the urinary stone analysis laboratory from July 1981 through December 1989. Male dogs that formed cystine calculi were compared with 3 other canine populations to determine whether certain breeds were apparently at increased or decreased risk for cystine calculus formation. In one or more of 3 population comparisons, significantly increased risk of cystine calculus formation was found in Mastiffs, Australian Cattle Dogs, English Bulldogs, Chihuahuas, Bullmastiffs, Newfoundlands, Dachshunds, Basenjis, Australian Shepherd Dogs, Scottish Deerhounds, Staffordshire Terriers, Miniature Pinschers, pitbull terriers, Welsh Corgis, Silky Terriers, and Bichon Frises...
July 1, 1992: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 1992: Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde
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