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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331048/dog-bites-in-a-us-county-age-body-part-and-breed-in-pediatric-dog-bites
#1
Sriram Ramgopal, Lauren Bealafeld Brungo, Michael Bykowski, Raymond Pitetti, Robert Hickey
AIM: To compare characteristics of gender, age, body part, and breed in dog bites. METHODS: We reviewed 14,956 dog bites (4,195 pediatric) reported to the Allegehny County Health Department, USA, between 2007-2015. Using pre-defined age groups, we performed linear regression to assess for subject age and bite frequency and used binary logistic regression to evaluate for differences in gender and body part and chi-squared tests with Bonferroni correction to evaluate for differences in reported breeds with age...
January 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310549/congenital-short-bowel-syndrome-in-an-adult-dog
#2
Chad S Clancy, Khrista A Jensen, Arnaud J Van Wettere
A 3.5-year-old, neutered male pit bull dog was euthanized following an approximately 1-year history of intractable diarrhea and weight loss of undetermined cause. At necropsy, the dog was emaciated. The ratio of total intestinal length (duodenum to rectum) to crown-to-rump length was 2.5, in contrast to an average of 5.3 (range, 3.7-6.1) in 10 control dogs examined at necropsy. There was diffuse dilation of the intestinal lumen, consistent with congenital intestinal hypoplasia resulting in short-bowel syndrome...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#3
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240688/oral-plasmacytoma-in-a-dog
#4
Indira Pargass, Alissa Bally, Rod Suepaul
A 6-year-old male Pit bull mix dog presented for bleeding from the mouth persisting for five days. A clinical evaluation revealed a 2 × 3 cm soft tissue mandibular mass at the crown of the first premolar, as well as a non-regenerative anemia and hyperproteinemia. Cytologic and histopathologic evaluations of the mass were compatible with an oral plasmacytoma.
December 14, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230869/microvascular-replantation-of-a-composite-facial-avulsion-in-a-24-month-old-child-after-dog-bite
#5
David Macias, Daniel I Kwon, Paul C Walker, Nathaniel R Peterson
Dog bite injuries are common sources of morbidity with an estimated incidence of 4.5 million bites per year with over 350,000 requiring treatment in the emergency room. Children under the age of 14 are most likely to be affected with a peak age of 5-9 years old. We report a case of a 24-month-old female who sustained a large composite facial avulsion injury from a pit bull dog bite. The avulsed tissue involved a substantial portion of the patient's mid-face, including the entire soft tissue of the nose, upper lip, part of the left cheek, and left oral commissure...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184724/an-algorithmic-approach-to-operative-management-of-complex-pediatric-dog-bites-3-year-review-of-a-level-i-regional-referral-pediatric-trauma-hospital
#6
Kaveh Alizadeh, Ali Shayesteh, Min Li Xu
Background: Incidence of dog bites continues to rise among the pediatric population and serves as a public health threat for the well-being of children. Plastic surgeons are at the forefront of initial management and eventual outcome of these devastating injuries. This study set out to determine the nature of dog bite injuries treated over a 3-year period at a large level 1 pediatric trauma center. Methods: A retrospective review of emergency room records of all pediatric patients (age, 0-18 years old) who sustained dog bites between January 2012 and December 2014 were gathered...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035657/evaluation-of-mortality-rate-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-dogs-receiving-outpatient-treatment-for-parvoviral-enteritis
#7
Kathryn J Sarpong, Jennifer M Lukowski, Cassandra G Knapp
OBJECTIVE To determine mortality rates and prognostic factors for dogs with parvoviral enteritis receiving outpatient treatment. DESIGN Retrospective case series and case-control study. ANIMALS 130 client-owned dogs with a diagnosis of parvoviral enteritis between August 1, 2012, and January 31, 2015, that were treated with outpatient care. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data extracted regarding dog age, body weight, breed, and vaccination history; treatments administered; and short-term (≥ 3 day) outcome (determined via telephone call with owner)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933959/what-makes-a-dog-adoptable-an-eye-tracking-investigation
#8
Sara Isgate, Justin J Couchman
Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and Rottweiler) in 4 poses (dog sitting alone, sitting with a human, standing alone, and walking on a leash with a human). Participants rated each picture on friendliness, aggressiveness, and adoptability. Eye-tracking technology identified which specific features were represented in each picture to determine whether they had any effect on the judgments...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868794/canine-demodicosis-a-retrospective-study-of-a-veterinary-hospital-population-in-california-usa-2000-2016
#9
Daniel G Bowden, Catherine A Outerbridge, Marguerite B Kissel, Jerome N Baron, Stephen D White
BACKGROUND: Demodex spp. are cutaneous mites that cause clinical disease when present in increased numbers. There is an association in some dogs with underlying systemic disease or immunosuppressive medications. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Retrospective study to document breed predisposition, identify any concurrent diseases or underlying immunosuppressive conditions, and to determine the frequency of demodicosis recurrence after treatment completion. ANIMALS: There were 431 dogs with demodicosis presented to a veterinary teaching hospital in California, USA, from 2000 to 2016...
September 3, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625019/efficacy-of-azithromycin-and-compounded-atovaquone-for-treatment-of-babesia-gibsoni-in-dogs
#10
S K Kirk, J K Levy, P C Crawford
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of dogs confiscated during dogfighting investigations are infected with Babesia gibsoni. Traditional management of B. gibsoni with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-screening, treatment with commercially available azithromycin and atovaquone, and PCR testing after 60 and 90 days is costly and impractical for large numbers of dogs at a time. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an alternative protocol in which commercial atovaquone was replaced by compounded medication and PCR monitoring was initiated at 30 days after the end of treatment to decrease the total management time...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444758/intraoperative-use-of-a-transarticular-circular-fixator-construct-to-facilitate-reduction-and-stabilisation-of-a-proximal-tibial-physeal-fracture-in-a-dog
#11
M D Johnson, D D Lewis, M D Winter
CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old female intact American Pit Bull Terrier was presented for right pelvic limb lameness 1 day after the dog had been hit by an all-terrain vehicle. Orthogonal radiographs of the right stifle revealed a Salter-Harris type IV fracture through the proximal tibial physis extending caudodistally through the proximal tibial metaphysis. The distal tibia was markedly displaced cranially, laterally and proximally, resulting in complete overriding of the fracture segments...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333069/environmental-enrichment-in-kennelled-pit-bull-terriers-canis-lupus-familiaris
#12
Jenna Kiddie, Anna Bodymore, Alex Dittrich
Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that there is too much social interaction, in that individuals cannot choose to distance themselves from conspecifics. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of easily accessible enrichment on the behaviour of kennelled Pit Bull Terrier type dogs rescued from a dog-fighting ring in the Philippines...
March 23, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913078/pulmonary-artery-dissection-following-balloon-valvuloplasty-in-a-dog-with-pulmonic-stenosis
#13
K A Grint, H B Kellihan
A 3-month-old, 9.9 kg, male pit bull cross was referred for evaluation of collapse. A left basilar systolic heart murmur graded V/VI and a grade IV/VI right basilar systolic heart murmur were ausculted. Echocardiography showed severe pulmonic stenosis characterized by annular hypoplasia, leaflet thickening, and leaflet fusion. After 1 month of atenolol therapy, a pulmonic valve balloon valvuloplasty procedure was performed, and the intra-operative right ventricular pressure was reduced by 43%. Echocardiography, performed the following day, showed apparent rupture of a pulmonary valve leaflet and a membranous structure within the pulmonary artery consistent with a dissecting membrane...
April 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874969/idiopathic-myelofibrosis-accompanied-by-peritoneal-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-presenting-as-refractory-ascites-in-a-dog
#14
Yolandi Rautenbach, Amelia Goddard, Sarah J Clift
A 2.5-year-old spayed female American Pit Bull Terrier dog presented with a primary complaint of chronic refractory ascites. The dog's CBC displayed a moderate to severe macrocytic, hypochromic, nonregenerative anemia, and a moderate leukopenia as result of a moderate neutropenia and monocytopenia. Microscopic examination of the blood smear showed marked anisocytosis, mild polychromasia, mild acanthocytosis and ovalocytosis, moderate schistocytosis and poikilocytosis, and 4 metarubricytes/100 WBC. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a homogenous, mild to moderately hyperechoic appearing liver as well as marked amounts of speckled anechoic to slightly hypoechoic peritoneal fluid...
March 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854270/relationship-between-scarring-and-dog-aggression-in-pit-bull-type-dogs-involved-in-organized-dogfighting
#15
Katherine A Miller, Rachel Touroo, C Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized from four dogfighting investigations, examining the relationship between the dogs' scars with aggression towards other dogs. Scar and wound data were tallied in three body zones where dogfighting injuries tend to be concentrated...
November 15, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767903/neurosurgical-sequelae-of-domestic-dog-attacks-in-children
#17
Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429466/total-laryngectomy-for-management-of-chronic-aspiration-pneumonia-in-a-myopathic-dog
#18
Karen M Vernau, Stanley L Marks, Maggie A Kuhn, William T N Culp, Tammy J Owens, G Diane Shelton, Tausif Siddiqui, Rachel Pollard, Peter C Belafsky
A 5-month-old female pit bull terrier dog evaluated for ataxia, progressive regurgitation, and recurrent aspiration pneumonia had markedly elevated creatine kinase activity, non-inflammatory generalized myopathy, and severe esophageal dysmotility. A narrow-field total laryngectomy was performed. The dog is doing well 30 months after surgery, and no longer has episodes of aspiration pneumonia, despite intermittent regurgitation. This case represents the first application of total laryngectomy for the prevention of chronic recurrent aspiration pneumonia in the dog...
July 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400935/characteristics-of-1616-consecutive-dog-bite-injuries-at-a-single-institution
#19
Michael S Golinko, Brian Arslanian, Joseph K Williams
Dog bite injuries remain a common form of pediatric trauma. This single-institution study of 1616 consecutive dog bite injuries over 4 years revealed a much higher prevalence of dog bites as compared with other similar centers. Though inpatient admission was rare (9.8%), 58% of all patients required laceration repair, primarily in the emergency department. Infants were more than 4 times as likely to be bitten by the family dog and more than 6 times as likely to be bitten in the head/neck region. Children ≤5 years old were 62% more likely to require repair; and 5...
April 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259025/intravenous-lipid-emulsion-therapy-for-bromethalin-toxicity-in-a-dog
#20
Brittany Heggem-Perry, Maureen McMichael, Mauria O'Brien, Clara Moran
Bromethalin is a central nervous system toxin currently incorporated into several different rodenticides. In 2008, the EPA requested that manufacturers phase out second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides. In response, manufacturers began to increase production of bromethalin-based rodenticides. It is likely that pet exposure to bromethalin will increase in the future. Bromethalin has no known antidote and tends to deposit in fat. Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) are being used with increasing frequency in both human and veterinary medicine to treat numerous acute systemic toxicities...
July 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
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