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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457147/a-scoping-review-of-health-outcomes-examined-in-randomized-controlled-trials-using-guided-imagery
#1
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431128/correlates-of-intensity-specific-physical-activity-in-children-aged-9-11-years-a-multilevel-analysis-of-uk-data-from-the-international-study-of-childhood-obesity-lifestyle-and-the-environment
#2
Hannah J Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Fiona B Gillison, Sean P Cumming, Peter T Katzmarzyk
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) can provide numerous physical and psychological health gains, yet a low proportion of children in England are sufficiently active to accrue benefit. Analysing the correlates of PA from a socioecological perspective may help to identify factors that promote versus discourage PA. The purpose of the present study was to: (1) assess the relationships between a wide range of potential correlates and intensity-specific PA and (2) explore which correlates are associated with meeting government PA guidelines...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420813/sport-psychology-for-the-soldier-athlete-a-paradigm-shift
#3
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#4
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404654/translation-and-validation-of-the-simplified-chinese-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi
#5
Zhen-Yu Jia, Jin Cui, Wei Wang, Chen-Chen Xue, Tian-Ze Liu, Xuan Huang, Wei-Dong Xu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to obtain a translation and adaptation of the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) into simplified Chinese and validate the simplified Chinese version. METHODS: Translation and adaptation were performed according to the guidelines of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Outcome Committee. A total of 122 patients who were diagnosed with an ACL injury and underwent primary arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) between 2015 and 2016 were included in this study...
February 5, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393222/functional-outcomes-after-behavioral-treatment-of-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-adults
#6
Karen Drake, Andrew D Palmer, Joshua S Schindler, Stephen A Tilles
OBJECTIVE: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is responsive to behavioral therapy, often resulting in a remission of symptoms, but little is known about whether treatment is beneficial with regard to PVFM-associated psychological symptoms or functional limitations. The goal of the study was to identify patient perceptions of the impact of treatment for PVFM and characteristics associated with treatment outcomes. METHODS: A survey was conducted of all adults who had received at least 1 session of treatment for PVFM in our outpatient clinic over a 2-year period...
January 26, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383610/are-treatment-outcomes-determined-by-type-of-gambling-a-uk-study
#7
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Andrew Bayston, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
One of the main difficulties faced in treating gambling disorder is compliance with psychological treatment. Gambling takes many forms and can differ greatly in its features such as speed of play and skill requirements. The type of gambling a pathological gambler opts for may play a key role in treatment compliance. The aim of the present study was to determine whether within treatment seeking sample of gambling disorder clients, gambling activity has any correlation with their resultant treatment outcomes...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382235/barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-participation-for-children-with-physical-disability-comparing-and-contrasting-the-views-of-children-young-people-and-their-clinicians
#8
Annemarie Wright, Rachel Roberts, Grace Bowman, Angela Crettenden
PURPOSE: Existing research has explored the barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation for young people with disability from the perspective of young people and their families. However, little research has investigated the views of clinicians who facilitate access to physical activity programs and compared this with their child client's perspectives. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with six allied health and sports development professionals associated with a programme which supports access to recreation and sporting activities...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363481/adaptation-of-the-test-of-performance-strategies-competition-subscale-to-spanish
#9
David Tomé Lourido, Constantino Arce, Dolores Ponte
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the conceptualisation and assessment of athletes’ psychological skills and the study of their impact on sports performance. The aim of this study was to adapt the Test of Performance Strategies 3 competition subscale to the Spanish context. METHOD: The items included in the original test in English were translated using a double-back method, and the test was completed by a sample of 1,003 Spanish athletes of both sexes...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355336/decreases-in-psychological-well-being-among-american-adolescents-after-2012-and-links-to-screen-time-during-the-rise-of-smartphone-technology
#10
Jean M Twenge, Gabrielle N Martin, W Keith Campbell
In nationally representative yearly surveys of United States 8th, 10th, and 12th graders 1991-2016 (N = 1.1 million), psychological well-being (measured by self-esteem, life satisfaction, and happiness) suddenly decreased after 2012. Adolescents who spent more time on electronic communication and screens (e.g., social media, the Internet, texting, gaming) and less time on nonscreen activities (e.g., in-person social interaction, sports/exercise, homework, attending religious services) had lower psychological well-being...
January 22, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352373/sleep-interventions-designed-to-improve-athletic-performance-and-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Daniel Bonnar, Kate Bartel, Naomi Kakoschke, Christin Lang
BACKGROUND: Athletes experience various situations and conditions that can interfere with their sleep, which is crucial for optimal psychological and physiological recovery as well as subsequent performance. Conventional sleep screening and intervention approaches may not be efficacious for athletes given their lifestyle, the demands of training and travel associated with interstate/international competition. OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed to summarize and evaluate sleep intervention studies targeting subsequent performance and recovery in competitive athletes...
January 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#12
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337583/sudden-death-aversion-avoiding-superior-options-because-they-feel-riskier
#13
Jesse Walker, Jane L Risen, Thomas Gilovich, Richard Thaler
We present evidence of sudden-death aversion (SDA)-the tendency to avoid "fast" strategies that provide a greater chance of success, but include the possibility of immediate defeat, in favor of "slow" strategies that reduce the possibility of losing quickly, but have lower odds of ultimate success. Using a combination of archival analyses and controlled experiments, we explore the psychology behind SDA. First, we provide evidence for SDA and its cost to decision makers by tabulating how often NFL teams send games into overtime by kicking an extra point rather than going for the 2-point conversion (Study 1) and how often NBA teams attempt potentially game-tying 2-point shots rather than potentially game-winning 3-pointers (Study 2)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335629/a-prospective-randomized-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-of-exergaming-on-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#14
Helge Schumacher, Sabrina Stüwe, Peter Kropp, Doreen Diedrich, Sebastian Freitag, Nico Greger, Christian Junghanss, Mathias Freund, Inken Hilgendorf
The positive effects of physical and sports therapy for strain dependent physical practice and improved quality of life (QoL) are well known. Nevertheless, the available capacities and problem-oriented therapies in the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are limited. We conducted a prospective, randomized study among 42 HSCT recipients in order to investigate the influence of exergaming on Nintendo Wii® or classical physiotherapy (PT) on physical fitness and psychological well-being. The trial included evaluation of muscle strength, endurance, physical activity, distress, QoL, anxiety, and depression...
January 15, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308842/effectiveness-evaluation-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-as-a-post-exercise-recovery-method
#15
Miguel A DE LA Camara, Ana I Pardos, Óscar L Veiga
BACKGROUND: Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) devices are now being used in health and sports training, although there are few studies investigating their benefits. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of WB-EMS as a post-exercise recovery method, and compare it with other methods like active and passive recovery. METHODS: The study included nine trained men (age = 21 ± 1years, height = 1.77 ± 0.4 m, mass = 62 ± 7 kg). Three trials were performed in three different sessions, 1 week apart...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299978/psychological-support-for-sport-coaches-an-exploration-of-practitioner-psychologist-perspectives
#16
Sarah Kelly, Richard Thelwell, Jamie B Barker, Chris G Harwood
In the present study we add to the literature by exploring the degree to which UK practitioner psychologists perceive themselves able to support sport coaches, and how professional training prepares psychologists for coach work across performance domains. Ten participants comprising seven sport and exercise psychologists with Health Care Professions Council (HCPC) practitioner psychologist status and three trainee psychologists studying towards the British Psychological Society (BPS) qualification in sport and exercise psychology (QSEP) were individually interviewed...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289408/depressive-symptoms-in-the-young-athlete-after-injury-recommendations-for-research
#18
Allison R Palisch, Lisa Schaeg Merritt
It has been well documented that a serious injury to an athlete can cause psychological symptoms such as depression. However, much of the literature focuses on the collegiate athlete. Little is known about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the young athlete who experiences an injury that adversely affects the ability to compete in his/her selected sport or may end athletic participation altogether. As sports specialization becomes increasingly widespread and age of participation becomes younger, depressive symptoms may be found in child and adolescent athletes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286534/fitness-training-for-cardiorespiratory-conditioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283451/investigating-the-influence-of-intra-individual-changes-in-perceived-stress-symptoms-on-injury-risk-in-soccer
#20
Damien Clement, Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Research has shown that high levels of stress and stress responsivity can increase the risk of injuries. However, most of the research that has supported this notion has focused on between-person relationships, ignoring the relationships at the within-person level. As a result, the objective of this study was to investigate if within-person changes in perceived stress symptoms over a one-month time period could predict injury rates during the subsequent three months. A prospective design with two measurement points (Time 1 - at the beginning of the season and Time 2 - one month into the season) was utilized...
December 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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