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Sports psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679415/elite-swimmers-internal-markers-trajectories-in-ecological-training-conditions
#1
Philippe Vacher, Guillaume Martinent, Laurent Mourot, Michel Nicolas
PURPOSE: This study examined the trajectories of elite swimmers' recovery-stress states and cardiac vagal-related markers during a three-month training period preceding the national championship and their within-person relationships with perceived control. METHODS: A Multilevel Growth Curve Analysis (MGCA) approach was used with 21 male elite swimmers. Four waves of assessments of psychological (stress, recovery, perceived control) and physiological (heart rate variability, HRV) markers were completed during a three-month training preparation leading to a major competition...
April 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675503/factors-affecting-subjective-and-objective-outcomes-and-return-to-play-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Federica Rosso, Davide E Bonasia, Umberto Cottino, Simone Cambursano, Federico Dettoni, Roberto Rossi
Purpose  To analyze the prognostic factors influencing subjective and objective outcomes and return to play (RTP) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R). Methods  Primary ACL-Rs using a transtibial technique performed between 2008 and 2012 were included. Data regarding patients, surgery, sports, and rehabilitation, including an on-field rehabilitation (OFR) and duration of the rehabilitation program, were collected. The International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective and objective evaluation forms, and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and Lysholm questionnaires were used for the assessment of subjective and objective outcomes...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667429/quadriceps-function-knee-pain-and-self-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Adam S Lepley, Brian Pietrosimone, Marc L Cormier
CONTEXT:   Interactions among muscle strength, pain, and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are not well understood. Clarifying these interactions is of clinical importance because improving physical and psychological function is thought to optimize outcomes after ACLR. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationships among neuromuscular quadriceps function, pain, self-reported knee function, readiness to return to activity, and emotional response to injury both before and after ACLR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663863/athletic-identity-and-self-esteem-among-active-and-retired-paralympic-athletes
#4
Adriana Marin-Urquiza, José Pedro Ferreira, Debbie Van Biesen
Athletic identity (AI) has been suggested as a variable that can have an impact on the psychological health of the athletes upon retirement. The aim of this study was to provide more insight on the transition out of elite sport by assessing and comparing the extent of AI and self-esteem in an active group (AG) and a retired group (RG) of Paralympic athletes. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were additionally assessed in the AG and RG, respectively. A non-probability sampling method was used to recruit active and retired Paralympic athletes (AG, n = 43; RG, n = 41, where 35 retired voluntarily and 6 retired involuntarily) with visual or physical impairments, from Dutch-, English-, Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking countries...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663142/do-we-need-a-cool-down-after-exercise-a-narrative-review-of-the-psychophysiological-effects-and-the-effects-on-performance-injuries-and-the-long-term-adaptive-response
#5
REVIEW
Bas Van Hooren, Jonathan M Peake
It is widely believed that an active cool-down is more effective for promoting post-exercise recovery than a passive cool-down involving no activity. However, research on this topic has never been synthesized and it therefore remains largely unknown whether this belief is correct. This review compares the effects of various types of active cool-downs with passive cool-downs on sports performance, injuries, long-term adaptive responses, and psychophysiological markers of post-exercise recovery. An active cool-down is largely ineffective with respect to enhancing same-day and next-day(s) sports performance, but some beneficial effects on next-day(s) performance have been reported...
April 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662909/development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#6
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
Background: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Return to Sport After Injury (ACL-RSI) scale was developed to measure an athlete's psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction surgery. The scale is being used with increasing frequency in both research and clinical settings. Purpose: To generate and validate a short version of the ACL-RSI scale. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662460/sensation-seeking-and-adaptation-in-parabonauts
#7
Aurélie Collado, Jean-Philippe Hainaut, Vincent Monfort, Benoît Bolmont
Evidence from extreme environments suggests that there are relationships between difficulties of adaptation and psychological factors such as personality. In the framework of microgravity research on humans, the aim of this exploratory study was to investigate inter-individual differences of parabonauts on the basis of quality of adaptation to the physical demands of parabolic flights. The personality characteristics of two groups of parabonauts with a different quality of adaptation (an Adaptive group, N = 7, and a Maladaptive group, N = 15) were assessed using the Sensation Seeking Scale, Brief COPE, and MSSQ-Short...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660897/effects-of-group-exercise-on-functional-abilities-differences-between-physically-active-and-physically-inactive-women
#8
Nebojsa Cokorilo, Milena Mikalacki, Goran Satara, Milan Cvetkovic, Dragan Marinkovic, Jelena Zvekic-Svorcan, Borislav Obradovic
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercises to music can have a positive effect on functional and motor skills of an exerciser, their health, as well as an aesthetic and socio-psychological component. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of reactive exercising in a group on functional capabilities in physically active and physically inactive women. METHODS: A prospective study included 64 healthy women aged 40-60 years. The sample was divided into the experimental group (n= 36), i...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629187/full-text-publication-of-abstract-presented-work-in-sport-and-exercise-psychology
#9
Sarah Shue, Stuart Warden
Objectives: Meetings promote information sharing, but do not enable full dissemination of details. A systematic search was conducted for abstracts presented at the 2010 and 2011 Association of Applied Sport Psychology Annual Conferences to determine the full-text dissemination rate of work presented in abstract form and investigate factors influencing this rate. Methods: Systematic searches were sequentially conducted to determine whether the abstract-presented work had been published in full-text format in the 5 years following presentation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628891/training-load-immune-status-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-athletes-a-controlled-prospective-longitudinal-study
#10
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608767/descriptive-analysis-of-a-baseline-concussion-battery-among-u-s-service-academy-members-results-from-the-concussion-assessment-research-and-education-care-consortium
#11
Kathryn L O'Connor, C Dain Allred, Kenneth L Cameron, Darren E Campbell, Christopher J D'Lauro, Megan N Houston, Brian R Johnson, Tim F Kelly, Gerald McGinty, Patrick G O'Donnell, Karen Y Peck, Steven J Svoboda, Paul Pasquina, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Steven P Broglio
Introduction: The prevalence and possible long-term consequences of concussion remain an increasing concern to the U.S. military, particularly as it pertains to maintaining a medically ready force. Baseline testing is being used both in the civilian and military domains to assess concussion injury and recovery. Accurate interpretation of these baseline assessments requires one to consider other influencing factors not related to concussion. To date, there is limited understanding, especially within the military, of what factors influence normative test performance...
March 28, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600588/cost-utility-of-a-six-month-programmed-sports-therapy-pst-in-patients-with-haemophilia
#12
J Koeberlein-Neu, B Runkel, T Hilberg
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent musculoskeletal haemorrhages in people with haemophilia (PwH) lead to restrictions in the locomotor system and, as a result, in physical performance, too. Due to its physical and psychological benefits, sport is increasingly re-commended for haemophilic patients. Evidence on the cost-effectiveness of sports therapy is still lacking. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of a 6-month programmed sports therapy (PST)...
March 30, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593541/a-preliminary-investigation-on-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-its-cognitive-effects-among-athletes
#13
Thomas Zandonai, Cristiano Chiamulera, Alberto Mancabelli, Danilo Falconieri, Marco Diana
Introduction: Among athletes, an increasing use of nicotine via smokeless tobacco has been reported. However, there are currently unanswered questions about whether the use by athletes is due to nicotine's addictive properties and/or to benefits in physical and cognitive performance (e.g., decision-making). In this original article we reported about, (i) snus-induced reinforcing effects among snus-user athletes (Survey) and (ii) the effects of snus on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in snus-user skiers (Experimental study)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#14
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584528/the-cortisol-awakening-response-is-associated-with-training-load-in-endurance-runners
#15
Travis Anderson, Amy R Lane, Anthony C Hackney
The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is commonly used as a marker of psychological stress, however it is unknown whether CAR is affected by regular physical exercise induced stress. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between training load and CAR. METHODS: Recreational endurance athletes were recruited from local club running groups. Subjects (n = 15) completed training logs for two weeks, with various training loads, including psychometric analysis (RESTQ-Sport)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584461/case-studies-in-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-powerful-tool-to-bridge-the-science-practice-gap
#16
Israel Halperin
Despite the progress made by the scientific exercise community in collaborating and communicating with non-scientist coaches, there is room for improvement. Coaches find research difficult to understand, feel that their interests are not being addressed by exercise research, and rely on peer-discussion to further their coaching knowledge base while consuming little peer-reviewed articles. One useful strategy to bridge the science-practice gap is with case-studies. In addition to furthering our understanding of the physiology, psychology, and training schedules of elite athletes, case studies can serve 1) as a useful communication channel with coaches if presented as narratives and 2) to establish and strengthen relationships between scientists and coaches leading to fruitful research collaborations...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581093/evolution-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-after-stroke-from-traditional-techniques-to-smart-and-personalized-home-based-information-and-communication-technology-systems-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
José M Cogollor, Javier Rojo-Lacal, Joachim Hermsdörfer, Manuel Ferre, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Christos Giachritsis, Alan Armstrong, Jose Manuel Breñosa Martinez, Doris Anabelle Bautista Loza, José María Sebastián
BACKGROUND: Neurological patients after stroke usually present cognitive deficits that cause dependencies in their daily living. These deficits mainly affect the performance of some of their daily activities. For that reason, stroke patients need long-term processes for their cognitive rehabilitation. Considering that classical techniques are focused on acting as guides and are dependent on help from therapists, significant efforts are being made to improve current methodologies and to use eHealth and Web-based architectures to implement information and communication technology (ICT) systems that achieve reliable, personalized, and home-based platforms to increase efficiency and level of attractiveness for patients and carers...
March 26, 2018: JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#18
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562883/ahead-of-the-game-protocol-a-multi-component-community-sport-based-program-targeting-prevention-promotion-and-early-intervention-for-mental-health-among-adolescent-males
#19
Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann, Marijka Batterham, Katherine M Boydell, Simon Eckermann, Andrea Fogarty, Diarmuid Hurley, Sarah K Liddle, Chris Lonsdale, Andrew Miller, Michael Noetel, Anthony D Okely, Taren Sanders, Joanne Telenta, Frank P Deane
BACKGROUND: There is a recognised need for targeted community-wide mental health strategies and interventions aimed specifically at prevention and early intervention in promoting mental health. Young males are a high need group who hold particularly negative attitudes towards mental health services, and these views are detrimental for early intervention and help-seeking. Organised sports provide a promising context to deliver community-wide mental health strategies and interventions to adolescent males...
March 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557731/evaluation-of-neuropage-as-a-memory-aid-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Rachel A Goodwin, Nadina B Lincoln, Roshan das Nair, Andrew Bateman
Memory problems are reported in 40%-60% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). These problems affect independence and may limit the ability to benefit from rehabilitation. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of NeuroPage for people with MS living in the community. A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled crossover trial was conducted. The intervention comprised the NeuroPage service, which sends reminder messages to mobile phones at pre-arranged times. In the control condition participants received "non-memory texts", that is, messages not aimed at providing a reminder; for example, supplying news headlines or sport updates...
March 20, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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