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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532704/the-bright-and-the-dark-sides-of-motor-simulation
#1
Maria Serena Panasiti, Giuseppina Porciello, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
While the acquisition of knowledge about the sensory, emotional, and motor states of others has long been thought to derive from abstract inferential operations, recent theories based on neuroscientific and psychological models emphasize that motor simulation is essential to a variety of complex functions ranging from the monitoring of one's own performance to the understanding of others' actions, and matching self and others' states to optimize social interactions. In this review, we discuss evidence that simulating the actions of others has both bright and dark sides...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530498/negative-consequences-of-low-energy-availability-in-natural-male-bodybuilding-a-review
#2
Petter Fagerberg
Energy availability (EA) is a scientific concept describing how much energy is available for basic metabolic functions such as reproduction, immunity and skeletal homeostasis. Carefully controlled studies on women have shown pathological effects of EA<30kcal/kg fat free mass (FFM) and this state has been labeled low EA (LEA). Bodybuilding is a sport in which athletes compete to show muscular definition, symmetry and low body fat. The process of contest preparation in bodybuilding includes months of underfeeding, thus increasing the risk of LEA and its negative health consequences...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520461/clinical-outcome-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-microfracture-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-capitellum
#3
Rens Bexkens, Kim I M van den Ende, Paul T Ogink, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Various surgical treatment techniques have been developed to treat capitellar osteochondritis dissecans; however, the optimal technique remains the subject of ongoing debate. PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes after arthroscopic debridement and microfracture for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, the authors followed 77 consecutive patients (81 elbows) who underwent arthroscopic debridement and microfracture, and loose body removal if needed, for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510694/exploring-the-interrelationship-between-sport-health-and-social-outcomes-in-the-uk-implications-for-health-policy
#4
Paul Downward, Kirstin Hallmann, Simona Rasciute
Policy agencies are now re-visiting early aspirations that sport, as a form of physical activity, can be an instrument to foster general health and also subjective well-being (SWB). Both of these concepts capture physical and mental health states. SWB also encompasses broader psychological and life satisfaction as well as mood and affect. Past and current policies also identify a link between sport, social capital and SWB. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is undertaken on data from the UK's Taking Part survey to investigate the interrelationships between sport, general health, social capital and SWB...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508888/association-among-practice-frequency-on-depression-and-stress-among-competitive-us-male-wheelchair-rugby-athletes-with-tetraplegia
#5
S L Silveira, T Ledoux, M Cottingham, D C Hernandez
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frequency of training is related to self-reported lower psychological distress, defined as depressive symptomology and perceived stress, among the US male wheelchair rugby athletes with tetraplegia. SETTING: United States. METHODS: Survey data were collected on a convenience sample at wheelchair rugby tournaments from January-April 2016. Participants self-reported depressive symptomology (CES-D-10), perceived stress scale (PSS), and frequency of rugby practice...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489656/consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-professional-american-football-players-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Bodil C Vos, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Judith K Sluiter
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for the consequences Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on cognitive, psychological, physical, and sports-related functioning in professional American Football players. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search in 2 databases, PubMed and SPORTDiscus, to obtain literature from January 1990 to January 2015. To be eligible for inclusion, a study had to examine the relationship between TBI and the consequences for several aspects of functioning in professional American football players older than 18 years...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488907/prediction-the-modern-day-sports-science-medicine-quest-for-the-holy-grail
#7
Alan McCall, Maurizio Fanchini, Aaron J Coutts
In high performance sport, science and medicine practitioners employ a variety of physical and psychological tests, training/match monitoring and injury screening tools for a variety of reasons; mainly to predict performance, identify talented individuals and flag when an injury will occur. The ability to 'predict' outcomes such as performance, talent or injury is arguably the sports science/medicine modern day equivalent of the 'Quest for the Holy Grail'. The purpose of this invited commentary is to 1) highlight the common misinterpretation of studies investigating association to those actually analysing prediction and 2) provide practitioners with simple recommendations to quickly distinguish between methods pertaining to association and those of prediction...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480849/impact-of-internet-gambling-on-mental-and-psychological-health-of-children-of-various-ages
#8
M Khundadze, N Geladze, N Kapanadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of internet gambling on children's mental and physical health and find correlation between the age, duration of internet use and type of comorbidity associated with internet gambling. The study assessed 50 patients with internet gambling (35 boys, 15 girls) from 2013-2016 y. The age range was 3-15 years. 15 patients were from 3-7 y of age, 20 patients from 7-12 y and 15 - from 12-15 y of age. The core problem common for all patients were internet overuse by computer games, mobile device and other gadgets...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451608/the-functional-arm-scale-for-throwers-fast-part-i-the-design-and-development-of-an-upper-extremity-region-specific-and-population-specific-patient-reported-outcome-scale-for-throwing-athletes
#9
Eric L Sauers, R Curtis Bay, Alison R Snyder Valier, Traci Ellery, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity (UE) region-specific, patient-reported outcome (PRO) scales assess injuries to the UE but do not account for the demands of overhead throwing athletes or measure patient-oriented domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: To develop the Functional Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST), a UE region-specific and population-specific PRO scale that assesses multiple domains of disablement in throwing athletes with UE injuries. In stage I, a beta version of the scale was developed for subsequent factor identification, final item reduction, and construct validity analysis during stage II...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447331/understanding-action-and-adventure-sports-participation-an-ecological-dynamics-perspective
#10
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies to take risks because of the need for thrill, excitement or an adrenaline 'rush'. Conversely, recent research has linked even the most extreme forms of action and adventure sports to positive physical and psychological health and well-being outcomes...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#11
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#12
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382758/coaching-is-teamwork-the-role-of-need-supportive-coaching-and-the-motivational-climate-in-stimulating-proactivity-in-volleyball-teams
#13
S Van Puyenbroeck, J Stouten, G Vande Broek
Team sports settings are challenging, dynamic environments in which coaches often benefit from proactive players who take initiative in providing valuable suggestions and feedback. Based on self-determination theory and achievement goal theory, this study examined the mediating role of a mastery and performance motivational climate in the positive relation between coaches' psychological need-supportive behavior and team athletes' proactivity. The study sample consisted of 75 male and 105 female volleyball players (Mage =21...
April 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375177/how-to-tackle-key-challenges-in-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-65-the-aequipa-network-approach
#14
Sarah Forberger, Karin Bammann, Jürgen Bauer, Susanne Boll, Gabriele Bolte, Tilman Brand, Andreas Hein, Frauke Koppelin, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Claudia R Pischke, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Hajo Zeeb
The paper introduces the theoretical framework and methods/instruments used by the Physical Activity and Health Equity: Primary Prevention for Healthy Ageing (AEQUIPA) prevention research network as an interdisciplinary approach to tackle key challenges in the promotion of physical activity among older people (65+). Drawing on the social-ecological model, the AEQUIPA network developed an interdisciplinary methodological design including quantitative/qualitative studies and systematic reviews, while combining expertise from diverse fields: public health, psychology, urban planning, sports sciences, health technology and geriatrics...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#15
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#16
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360143/return-to-play-after-hamstring-injuries-in-football-soccer-a-worldwide-delphi-procedure-regarding-definition-medical-criteria-and-decision-making
#17
Nick van der Horst, Fjg Backx, Edwin A Goedhart, Bionka Ma Huisstede
There are three major questions about return to play (RTP) after hamstring injuries: How should RTP be defined? Which medical criteria should support the RTP decision? And who should make the RTP decision? The study aimed to provide a clear RTP definition and medical criteria for RTP and to clarify RTP consultation and responsibilities after hamstring injury. The study used the Delphi procedure. The results of a systematic review were used as a starting point for the Delphi procedure. Fifty-eight experts in the field of hamstring injury management selected by 28 FIFA Medical Centres of Excellence worldwide participated...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351351/the-influence-of-participation-in-target-shooting-sport-for-children-with-inattentive-hyperactive-and-impulsive-symptoms-a-controlled-study-of-best-practice
#18
Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from participating in target-shooting sport in local shooting associations, as rated by parents and teachers. This study aims at examining if, and to which extent, target-shooting sport reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in children with attention difficulties, and if, and to which extend, target-shooting sport improves the children's wellbeing and quality of life...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347719/controlling-coaching-and-athlete-thriving-in-elite-adolescent-netballers-the-buffering-effect-of-athletes-mental-toughness
#19
Daniel F Gucciardi, Andreas Stamatis, Nikos Ntoumanis
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to examine the association between controlling coach behaviours and athlete experiences of thriving and test the buffering effect of mental toughness on this relation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: In total, 232 female netballers aged 11 to 17 years (14.97+1.52) with between 1 and 15 years of experience in their sport (7.50+2.28) completed measures of controlling coach interpersonal style, mental toughness and thriving...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337944/the-influence-of-gate-start-position-on-physical-performance-and-anxiety-perception-in-expert-bmx-athletes
#20
Franck Di Rienzo, Guillaume Martinent, Lucie Levêque, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the start performance and anxiety responses of youth national-level BMX riders in both experimental and ecological contexts. We used contextualization motor imagery routines to evaluate start performance and state anxiety from the internal and external lanes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
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