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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900267/depression-and-psychiatric-disease-associated-with-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#1
REVIEW
Hao-Hua Wu, Max Liu, Joshua S Dines, John D Kelly, Grant H Garcia
While most patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury indicate satisfaction with surgical intervention, a significant proportion still do not return to pre-injury level of function or sport. Psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, have recently been associated with poor clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). To date, no article has yet examined how depression affects ACLR outcomes and how potential screening and intervention for psychological distress may affect postoperative activity level...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897463/a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-related-to-eating-disorder-onset-in-female-collegiate-athletes-and-non-athletes
#2
Jessyca Arthur-Cameselle, Kayla Sossin, Paula Quatromoni
Female athletes are at risk for clinical eating disorders, yet their onset experiences have rarely been studied with qualitative methods. This study, which included interviews with 12 collegiate female athletes and 17 non-athletes, identified factors that contributed to eating disorder onset for both subgroups. Inductive content analysis revealed that low self-worth, peer issues, and comorbid psychological disorders were common in both groups. However, athletes reported sport-specific factors including performance pressure, team weigh-ins, and injuries, whereas family dysfunction, bullying, and puberty were more commonly reported triggers for non-athletes...
November 29, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882607/fear-of-failure-psychological-stress-and-burnout-among-adolescent-athletes-competing-in-high-level-sport
#4
H Gustafsson, S S Sagar, A Stenling
The purpose of this study was to investigate fear of failure in highly competitive junior athletes and the association with psychological stress and burnout. In total 258 athletes (152 males and 108 females) ranged in age from 15 to 19 years (M = 17.4 years, SD = 1.08) participated. Athletes competed in variety of sports including both team and individual sports. Results showed in a variable-oriented approach using regression analyses that one dimension, fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment had a statistically significant effect on perceived psychological stress and one dimension of burnout, reduced sense of accomplishment...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867415/prior-acute-mental-exertion-in-exercise-and-sport
#5
REVIEW
Fernando Lopes E Silva-Júnior, Patrick Emanuel, Jordan Sousa, Matheus Silva, Silmar Teixeira, Flávio Pires, Sérgio Machado, Oscar Arias-Carrion
INTRODUCTION: Mental exertion is a psychophysiological state caused by sustained and prolonged cognitive activity. The understanding of the possible effects of acute mental exertion on physical performance, and their physiological and psychological responses are of great importance for the performance of different occupations, such as military, construction workers, athletes (professional or recreational) or simply practicing regular exercise, since these occupations often combine physical and mental tasks while performing their activities...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845297/pain-perception-in-athletes-a-brief-review
#6
L Kakiashvili, M Tsagareli, D Mjavanadze, I Kvachadze
Pain is almost synonymous with sport. For many athletes, pain is a normal everyday experience and success is often achieved in spite of pain. However, pain can restrict the ability to concentrate on performance and take away the opportunity to compete. It can even end sporting careers. Therefore, the relationship between pain and sport is filled with challenges for athletes. One consequence and response that sport researchers have focused on is the pain associated with injury. Sport medicine professionals have directed the major part of their research and rehabilitation attention towards the physical recovery, but psychological factors are also very important for injured athletes...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842463/do-cognitive-training-strategies-improve-motor-and-positive-psychological-skills-development-in-soccer-players-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#7
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, David Tod, Alexandre Dellal, Olivier Hue, Foued Cheour, Lee Taylor, Karim Chamari
Soccer players are required to have well-developed physical, technical and cognitive abilities. The present systematic review, adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines, examined the effects of cognitive training strategies on motor and positive psychological skills development in soccer performance and identified the potential moderators of the "cognitive training-soccer performance" relationship. Thirteen databases were systematically searched using keywords related to psychological or cognitive training in soccer players...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834564/linking-narcissism-motivation-and-doping-attitudes-in-sport-a-multilevel-investigation-involving-coaches-and-athletes
#8
Doris Matosic, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian David Boardley, Andrew Stenling, Constantine Sedikides
Research on coaching (Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2009) has shown that coaches can display controlling behaviors that have detrimental effects on athletes' basic psychological needs and quality of sport experiences. The current study extends this literature by considering coach narcissism as a potential antecedent of coaches' controlling behaviors. Further, the study tests a model linking coaches' (n = 59) own reports of narcissistic tendencies with athletes' (n = 493) perceptions of coach controlling behaviors, experiences of need frustration, and attitudes toward doping...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833289/premenarchal-labia-minora-hypertrophy
#10
Karoon Agrawal, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Shamendra Anand Sahu
Labia minora hypertrophy is a relatively uncommon surgical entity being popularised in the realm of vulvovaginal plastic surgeries. Apart from the unaesthetic appearance of the hypertrophied minora, these cases are also associated with itching, hygiene problem, pain while sitting down, sports activities, difficulty in wearing tight clothing, bleeding and discomfort while or after sexual intercourse, social embarrassment, insecurity and psychological diminution of confidence and self-esteem. In a country like India, due to sociocultural reasons, patients hesitate to consult a doctor for such deformities...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#11
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824795/effect-of-academic-grade-level-on-return-to-athletic-competition-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Matthew Bauer, Brian T Feeley, Robert A Gallo
BACKGROUND: After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, 63% to 87% of high school athletes return to competition. Although physical and psychological factors are known contributors for failure to return to play, little attention has been paid to effect of academic grade level. Our purpose was to determine the influence of effect of academic grade level on return to competitive play. The primary hypothesis is that high school seniors who undergo ACL reconstruction or knee arthroscopy will be less likely to return to competitive play at 1 year than those in grades 9 to 11...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819193/unique-contributions-of-body-diagram-scores-and-psychosocial-factors-to-pain-intensity-and-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-military-primary-care-clinic
#13
Daniel I Rhon, Trevor A Lentz, Steven Z George
Study Design Retrospective cross-sectional cohort of patients reporting to a primary care clinic for a musculoskeletal pain. Background Body diagrams are often use to document symptom and have also been used as a proxy to assess psychological influence. However, literature on their value for this purpose is conflicting. Objectives To examine the moderating influence of psychological factors on the relationship between body diagram score and both pain and disability. Methods Pain, numbness, and/or tingling was denoted on a body diagram...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819191/optimism-moderates-the-influence-of-pain-catastrophizing-on-shoulder-pain-outcome-a-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Rogelio A Coronado, Corey B Simon, Trevor A Lentz, Charles W Gay, Lauren N Mackie, Steven Z George
Study Design Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data. Background An abundance of evidence has highlighted the influence of pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance on clinical outcomes. Less is known about the interaction of positive psychological resources with these pain-associated distress factors. Objective To assess if optimism moderates the influence of pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance on 3-month clinical outcomes in patients with shoulder pain. Methods Data from 63 individuals with shoulder pain (mean age (SD) = 38...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807640/do-high-school-students-in-india-gamble-a-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates
#15
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarassu, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vivek Benegal, Sanju George
Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India. This study reports point prevalence of gambling and its psychosocial correlates among high school students in the State of Kerala, India. 5043 high school students in the age group 15-19 years, from 73 schools, were selected by cluster random sampling from the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, South India...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801745/bidirectional-associations-between-sport-involvement-and-mental-health-in-adolescence
#16
Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann, Mark S Allen, Matthew Schweickle, Christopher A Magee
PURPOSE: To investigate potential bidirectional relationships between sport participation and mental health during early adolescence. METHODS: Data were taken from wave 5 (2012) and wave 6 (2014) of the K-Cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. In total, there were 4023 participants aged 12.41 (SD = 0.49) years at baseline, and this sample were followed up 24 months later. Cross lagged panel models were used to examine bidirectional relationships between sport participation (hours·wk for team, individual and total sport participation) and mental health (total psychological difficulties, internalising problems, and externalising problems) as measured by the parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793141/improving-the-well-being-of-children-and-youths-a-randomized-multicomponent-school-based-physical-activity-intervention
#17
Søren Smedegaard, Lars Breum Christiansen, Pernille Lund-Cramer, Thomas Bredahl, Thomas Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity for the mental health and well-being of children and young people are well-established. Increased physical activity during school hours is associated with better physical, psychological and social health and well-being. Unfortunately many children and young people exercise insufficiently to benefit from positive factors like well-being. The main aim of this study is to develop, implement and evaluate a multi-component, school-based, physical activity intervention to improve psychosocial well-being among school-aged children and youths from the 4(th) to the 6(th) grade (10-13 years)...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771523/it-isn-t-all-just-fun-and-games-collegiate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-risk-for-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-use
#18
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769276/quality-of-life-of-residents-living-in-a-city-hosting-mega-sport-events-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Rebecca Pfitzner, Joerg Koenigstorfer
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether and when the hosting of mega-sport events increases quality of life of host city residents. The aim of this study is to assess the changes in quality of life of host city residents over the course of hosting a mega-sport event until three months after the event, depending on residents' perception of the atmosphere during the event. METHODS: The study was conducted in Rio de Janeiro, one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in soccer...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768522/masters-athletes-exemplars-of-successful-aging
#20
David Geard, Peter Reaburn, Amanda Rebar, Rylee Dionigi
Global population aging has raised academic interest in successful aging to a public policy priority. Currently there is no consensus regarding the definition of successful aging. However, a synthesis of research shows successful aging can be defined as a late-life process of change characterized by high physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning. Masters athletes systematically train for, and compete in, organized forms of team and individual sport specifically designed for older adults. Masters athletes are often proposed as exemplars of successful aging...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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