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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350898/leading-antibacterial-laboratory-research-by-integrating-conventional-and-innovative-approaches-the-laboratory-center-of-the-antibacterial-resistance-leadership-group
#1
Claudia Manca, Carol Hill, Andrea M Hujer, Robin Patel, Scott R Evans, Robert A Bonomo, Barry N Kreiswirth
The Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG) Laboratory Center (LC) leads the evaluation, development, and implementation of laboratory-based research by providing scientific leadership and supporting standard/specialized laboratory services. The LC has developed a physical biorepository and a virtual biorepository. The physical biorepository contains bacterial isolates from ARLG-funded studies located in a centralized laboratory and they are available to ARLG investigators. The Web-based virtual biorepository strain catalogue includes well-characterized gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains published by ARLG investigators...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350487/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-lisfranc-injuries-identified-at-the-national-football-league-scouting-combine
#2
Kevin J McHale, Bryan G Vopat, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, George Sanchez, James M Whalen, Lucas S McDonald, Christopher W DiGiovanni, George H Theodore, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Lisfranc injuries are challenging to treat and may have a detrimental effect on athletic performance. PURPOSE: (1) Determine the epidemiological characteristics of Lisfranc injuries at the annual National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine, (2) define player positions at risk for these injuries, and (3) evaluate the impact that these injuries and radiographic findings have on NFL draft position and performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346795/understanding-the-emission-impacts-of-hov-to-hot-lane-conversions-experience-from-atlanta-ga
#3
Yanzhi Ann Xu, Haobing Liu, Michael O Rodgers, Angshuman Guin, Michael Hunter, Adnan Sheikh, Randall L Guensler
Converting a congested High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane into a High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lane is a viable option for improving travel time reliability for carpools and buses that use the managed lane. However, the emission impacts of HOV-to-HOT-conversions are not well understood. The lack of emissions impact quantification for HOT conversions creates a policy challenge for agencies making transportation funding choices. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the case study before-and-after changes in vehicle emissions for the Atlanta, GA I-85 HOV/HOT lane conversion project, implemented in October, 2011...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346729/comparison-of-the-safety-of-electrotome-harmonic-scalpel-and-ligasure-for-management-of-thyroid-surgery
#4
Xiaodong Yang, Jian Cao, Yichao Yan, Fangfang Liu, Tao Li, Long Han, Chunxiang Ye, Shuying Zheng, Shan Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Kewei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Energy-based surgical devices, including electrotome, the Harmonic scalpel, and LigaSure, have been widely applied in thyroid surgery, although a comparison of their safety and efficacy has not been reported yet. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using hemostatic energy-based surgical devices during thyroid surgery in a canine model. METHODS: Twenty-four beagle dogs were randomly divided into the following groups: electrotome (30 kW), electrotome (15 kW), the Harmonic scalpel (output level 3), and LigaSure (middle gear)...
March 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346708/high-resolution-isotopic-monitoring-of-cave-air-co2
#5
Paul Töchterle, Yuri Dublyansky, Nils Stöbener, Magda Mandić, Christoph Spötl
RATIONALE: CO2 is the main driver of many chemical processes in cave environments. Understanding CO2 fluxes in a given cave system through monitoring campaigns has become a standard procedure in a wide variety of fields such as paleoclimatology or show cave management. However, conventional methods lack the resolution of isotopic data to capture many transient processes occurring in caves. METHODS: A novel approach using isotope ratio infrared spectrometry (IRIS) to monitor cave air pCO2 , δ(13) C and δ(18) O values in situ was tested and compared with conventional monitoring methods (handheld pCO2 meter and discrete cave air samples for conventional isotope ratio mass spectrometry)...
March 27, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346644/laryngoceles-concepts-of-diagnosis-and-management
#6
Mohammad Kamal Mobashir, Waleed M Basha, Abd ElRaof Mohamed, Mostafa Hassaan, Ahmed M Anany
A laryngocele is an abnormal dilatation of the laryngeal saccule. It is a rare benign lesion of the larynx. Various modalities of treatment have been advocated for its management. We present our treatment results and outcomes of a series of cases of laryngoceles and discuss the concepts of their management. This study included patients with different laryngocele types. Patients with an internal laryngocele underwent endoscopic CO2 laser resection, while those with a combined laryngocele underwent resection via a V-shaped lateral thyrotomy approach...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#7
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345743/opioids-and-nonopioids-for-postoperative-pain-control-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Michele Binhas, Julia Egbeola-Martial, Michael D Kluger, Francoise Roudot-Thoraval, Philippe Grimbert
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate postoperative pain management (POPM) practices by anesthesiologists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective one-time survey endorsed by the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR). SETTING: A self-administered online questionnaire was distributed to members of SFAR nationally. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred seven SFAR members participated in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345368/sponsors-and-investigative-staffs-perceptions-of-the-current-investigational-new-drug-safety-reporting-process-in-oncology-trials
#9
Raymond Perez, Patrick Archdeacon, Nancy Roach, Robert Goodwin, Jonathan Jarow, Nina Stuccio, Annemarie Forrest
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Food and Drug Administration's final rule on investigational new drug application safety reporting, effective from 28 March 2011, clarified the reporting requirements for serious and unexpected suspected adverse reactions occurring in clinical trials. The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative released recommendations in 2013 to assist implementation of the final rule; however, anecdotal reports and data from a Food and Drug Administration audit indicated that a majority of reports being submitted were still uninformative and did not result in actionable changes...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345139/utility-of-%C3%AE-hcg-monitoring-in-the-follow-up-of-medical-management-of-miscarriage
#10
Scott G Petersen, Anneliese R Perkins, Kristen S Gibbons, Julia I Bertolone, Kassam Mahomed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the percentage change in total βeta-unit human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG) levels (%ΔβhCG) in the prediction of treatment outcomes following intravaginal misoprostol for missed miscarriage before 13 weeks. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study of medical management of miscarriage was performed. Total βhCG levels were collected before misoprostol (baseline) and after a planned seven day interval (follow-up), when a transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) reported a gestational sac as present or not...
March 27, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344756/measuring-efficiency-of-knowledge-production-in-health-research-centers-using-data-envelopment-analysis-dea-a-case-study-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Meskarpour Amiri, Taha Nasiri, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Hosein Amini Anabad, Payman Mahboobi Ardakan
INTRODUCTION: Efficiency analysis is necessary in order to avoid waste of materials, energy, effort, money, and time during scientific research. Therefore, analyzing efficiency of knowledge production in health areas is necessary, especially for developing and in-transition countries. As the first step in this field, the aim of this study was the analysis of selected health research center efficiency using data envelopment analysis (DEA). METHODS: This retrospective and applied study was conducted in 2015 using input and output data of 16 health research centers affiliated with a health sciences university in Iran during 2010-2014...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344467/temperature-excursion-management-a-novel-approach-of-quality-system-in-pharmaceutical-industry
#12
REVIEW
Nirmal Kumar, Ajeya Jha
Quality of pharmaceutical product largely depends upon the environment controls during its storage and handling. Each pharmaceutical product should be handled and stored under specified storage condition labelled on product information data sheet or product pack. Hence the temperature excursions during receipt of raw materials, manufacturing of pharmaceutical products and distribution should be managed during entire product life cycle with holistic approach. The research is based on primary data and exploratory study through literature review...
February 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343893/local-hemostatic-matrix-for-endoscope-assisted-removal-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-is-safe-and-effective
#14
Hui-Tzung Luh, Abel Po-Hao Huang, Shih-Hung Yang, Chien-Ming Chen, Der-Yang Cho, Chun-Chung Chen, Lu-Ting Kuo, Chieh-Hsun Li, Kuo-Chuan Wang, Wei-Lung Tseng, Ming-Tai Hsing, Bing-Shiang Yang, Dar-Ming Lai, Jui-Chang Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Minimally invasive endoscope-assisted (MIE) evacuation of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is simple and effective, but the limited working space may hinder meticulous hemostasis and might lead to rebleeding. Management of intraoperative hemorrhage is therefore a critical issue of this study. This study presents experience in the treatment of patients with various types of ICH by MIE evacuation followed by direct local injection of FloSeal Hemostatic Matrix (Baxter Healthcare Corp, Fremont, CA, USA) for hemostasis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343420/portable-devices-and-mobile-instruments-for-infectious-diseases-point-of-care-testing
#15
Luc Bissonnette, Michel G Bergeron
Rapidity, simplicity, and portability are highly desirable characteristics of tests and devices designed for performing diagnostics at the point of care (POC), either near patients managed in healthcare facilities or to offer bioanalytical alternatives in external settings. By reducing the turnaround time of the diagnostic cycle, POC diagnostics can reduce the dissemination, morbidity, and mortality of infectious diseases and provide tools to control the global threat of antimicrobial resistance. Areas covered: A literature search of PubMed and Google Scholar, and extensive mining of specialized publications, Internet resources, and manufacturers' websites have been used to organize and write this overview of the challenges and requirements associated with the development of portable sample-to-answer diagnostics, and showcase relevant examples of handheld devices, portable instruments, and less mobile systems which may or could be operated at POC...
March 27, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343240/childhood-angular-kyphosis-a-plea-for-involvement-of-the-pediatric-neurosurgeon
#16
E Cornips, S Koudijs, J Vles, L van Rhijn
INTRODUCTION: Childhood angular kyphosis is rare, as most children are affected by a mixed kyphotic and scoliotic deformity. Published series involving a mix of kyphosis and kyphoscoliosis, pediatric and adult, congenital and acquired cases are almost exclusively authored by orthopedic surgeons, suggesting that (pediatric) neurosurgeons are not involved. CASE SERIES: We present five cases that illustrate the spectrum of angular kyphosis, and these were treated by a multidisciplinary team including child neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, and pediatric neurosurgeon as complementary partners...
March 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343030/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-role-of-endoscopic-retrograde-pancreatography-in-the-management-of-traumatic-pancreatic-duct-injury-patients-single-center-experience-for-34-years
#17
Seongyup Kim, Jae Woo Kim, Pil Young Jung, Hye Youn Kwon, Hongjin Shim, Ji Young Jang, Keum Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pancreatic injuries are rare and present diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. We evaluated the usefulness of endoscopic retrograde pancreatography and transpapillary pancreatic stent in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic trauma patients. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 83 pancreas trauma patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde pancreatography for the suspicion of pancreas duct injury between January 1983 and December 2016...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342416/joint-carbon-footprint-assessment-and-data-envelopment-analysis-for-the-reduction-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-agriculture-production
#18
Ricardo Rebolledo-Leiva, Lidia Angulo-Meza, Alfredo Iriarte, Marcela C González-Araya
Operations management tools are critical in the process of evaluating and implementing action towards a low carbon production. Currently, a sustainable production implies both an efficient resource use and the obligation to meet targets for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The carbon footprint (CF) tool allows estimating the overall amount of GHG emissions associated with a product or activity throughout its life cycle. In this paper, we propose a four-step method for a joint use of CF assessment and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)...
March 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342340/cellulose-decomposition-and-larval-biomass-production-from-the-co-digestion-of-dairy-manure-and-chicken-manure-by-mini-livestock-hermetia-illucens-l
#19
Kashif Ur Rehman, Minmin Cai, Xiaopeng Xiao, Longyu Zheng, Hui Wang, Abdul Aziz Soomro, Yusha Zhou, Wu Li, Ziniu Yu, Jibin Zhang
World trends toward the modern dairies intensification on large production units cause massive animal manure production and accumulation. Improper handling of manure produced by industrial farm operation greatly deteriorates the major environmental media including air, water and soil. The black soldier fly utilizes organic waste and converts it into larvae biomass to be used as livestock feed and into residues to be used as bio-fertilizer. However, due to the high ratio of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin in dairy manure, this conversion is difficult...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341949/complications-and-outcomes-after-gynecomastia-surgery-analysis-of-204-pediatric-and-1583-adult-cases-from-a-national-multi-center-database
#20
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jeffrey D Friedman, Anthony Echo
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a common disease that is prevalent across all age groups of boys and men. Although benign in nature, it can lead to psychological and social distress, prompting affected patients to seek medical attention. Management strategies include observation and drug therapy, yet surgical procedures remain the hallmark of treatment. The goal of this study was to analyze patient demographics, outcomes, and complication rates of gynecomastia surgery in a large multi-institutional cohort...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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