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Panel reactive antibody

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913812/association-between-cytokines-and-their-receptor-antagonist-gene-polymorphisms-and-clinical-risk-factors-and-acute-rejection-following-renal-transplantation
#1
SIqing Ding, Jianfei Xie, Qiquan Wan
BACKGROUND Acute rejection (AR) after renal transplantation affects both patient and graft survival. There is growing evidence of the genetic association between cytokine or its receptor antagonist and AR in solid organ transplantation. The objectives of this study were to investigate the role of recipient TNF β, IL-10, IL-1β, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (ra) gene polymorphism, as well as traditional clinical variables such as panel-reactive antibody (PRA) levels, donor type, and HLA mismatches in AR following renal transplantation...
December 3, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900974/disseminated-mycobacteria-chelonae-infection-in-a-kidney-pancreas-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Shafi Malik, Ananda Ghosh, Shahid Husain
A 40-year-old male with a long-standing history of type 1 diabetes with end-stage renal failure underwent combined kidney-pancreas (KP) transplant from a standard criteria donor. Post-operative course was uncomplicated with good primary function of both transplant grafts. Induction was with thymoglobulin and maintenance immunosuppression was with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. Nine weeks post-transplant, the patient developed dysfunction of both grafts. Panel reactive antibody testing revealed that the patient had developed a de novo donor-specific antibody and considering an antibody-mediated rejection the patient was treated with intravenous pulse methyl prednisone 500 mg ×3 doses, IV immunoglobulin 2 mg/kg in two divided doses, and ATG 7 mg/kg (total dose of 700 mg)...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890719/casting-a-smaller-net-into-a-bigger-donor-pool-a-single-center-s-experience-with-the-new-kidney-allocation-system
#3
Julie A Houp, Karl P Schillinger, Andrew J Eckstein, Renato M Vega, Niraj M Desai, Bonnie E Lonze, Annette M Jackson
The new kidney allocation system (KAS) provides additional allocation points for candidates with broad HLA sensitization in an effort to increase transplant rates for this underserved population. Following the implementation of KAS, our center lowered the HLA antibody threshold for listing unacceptable antigens from a cytotoxicity crossmatch level to a flow cytometric crossmatch level increasing Calculated Panel Reactive Antibody (CPRA) values and allocation points, yet restricting acceptable donor HLA phenotypes...
November 24, 2016: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889562/systematic-evaluation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-and-immunoassays-for-the-detection-of-interferon-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-2-in-old-and-new-world-non-human-primates
#4
Ankie Höglind, Irene Areström, Cecilia Ehrnfelt, Khosro Masjedi, Bartek Zuber, Luis Giavedoni, Niklas Ahlborg
Non-human primates (NHP) provide important animal models for studies on immune responses to infections and vaccines. When assessing cellular immunity in NHP, cytokines are almost exclusively analyzed utilizing cross-reactive anti-human antibodies. The functionality of antibodies has to be empirically established for each assay/application as well as NHP species. A rational approach was employed to identify monoclonal antibodies (mAb) cross-reactive with many NHP species. Panels of new and established mAbs against human Interferon (IFN)-γ and Interleukin (IL)-2 were assessed for reactivity with eukaryotically expressed recombinant IFN-γ and IL-2, respectively, from Old (rhesus, cynomolgus and pigtail macaques, African green monkey, sooty mangabey and baboon) and New World NHP (Ma's night monkey, squirrel monkey and common marmoset)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876044/generation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-native-viral-proteins-using-antigen-expressing-mammalian-cells-for-mouse-immunization
#5
Natalie Rose, Carlos Augusto Pinho-Nascimento, Alessia Ruggieri, Paola Favuzza, Marco Tamborrini, Hanna Roth, Marcia Terezinha Baroni de Moraes, Hugues Matile, Thomas Jänisch, Gerd Pluschke, Katharina Röltgen
BACKGROUND: Due to their rising incidence and progressive geographical spread, infections with mosquito-borne viruses, such as dengue (DENV), chikungunya and zika virus, have developed into major public health challenges. Since all of these viruses may cause similar symptoms and can occur in concurrent epidemics, tools for their differential diagnosis and epidemiological monitoring are of urgent need. RESULTS: Here we report the application of a novel strategy to rapidly generate monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against native viral antigens, exemplified for the DENV nonstructural glycoprotein 1 (NS1)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871759/rabbit-atg-or-basiliximab-induction-for-rapid-steroid-withdrawal-after-renal-transplantation-harmony-an-open-label-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Oliver Thomusch, Michael Wiesener, Mirian Opgenoorth, Andreas Pascher, Rainer Peter Woitas, Oliver Witzke, Bernd Jaenigen, Markus Rentsch, Heiner Wolters, Thomas Rath, Tülay Cingöz, Urs Benck, Bernhard Banas, Christian Hugo
BACKGROUND: Standard practice for immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplantation is quadruple therapy using antibody induction, low-dose tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids. Long-term steroid intake significantly increases cardiovascular risk factors with negative effects on the outcome, especially post-transplantation diabetes associated with morbidity and mortality. In this trial, we examined the efficacy and safety parameters of rapid steroid withdrawal after induction therapy with either rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rabbit ATG) or basiliximab in immunologically low-risk patients during the first year after kidney transplantation...
November 18, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854236/correlation-of-bk-virus-neutralizing-serostatus-with-the-incidence-of-bk-viremia-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#7
Johanna R Abend, Marguerite Changala, Atul Sathe, Fergal Casey, Amy Kistler, Sindhu Chandran, Abigail Howard, David Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: BK virus (BKV)-associated nephropathy is the second leading cause of graft loss in kidney transplant recipients. Due to the high prevalence of persistent infection with BKV in the general population, it is possible that either the transplant recipient or donor may act as the source of virus resulting in viruria and viremia. Although several studies suggest a correlation between donor-recipient serostatus and the development of BK viremia, specific risk factors for BKV-related complications in the transplant setting remain to be established...
June 1, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826602/a-novel-method-for-anti-hla-antibody-detection-using-personalized-peptide-arrays
#8
Pan Liu, Tomokazu Souma, Andrew Zu-Sern Wei, Xueying Xie, Xunrong Luo, Jing Jin
BACKGROUND: HLA mismatches are the primary cause of alloantibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in organ transplantation. To delineate antigenic and immunogenic potentials among individual HLA mismatches, information regarding antibody specificity at the epitope level, instead of the allelic level, is needed. METHODS: This study explores a direct screening method for HLA linear epitopes in kidney transplant patients. We custom synthesized a large panel of 15-residue HLA peptides in an array format and measured alloantibody reactivity to these peptides from the sera of post and/or pretransplant patients...
November 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811320/cross-reactive-and-cross-neutralizing-activity-of-human-mumps-antibodies-against-a-novel-mumps-virus-from-bats
#9
Shannon M Beaty, Raffael Nachbagauer, Ariana Hirsh, Frederic Vigant, James Duehr, Kristopher Azarm, Alice J Stelfox, Thomas A Bowden, W Paul Duprex, Florian Krammer, Benhur Lee
To evaluate the antigenic relationship between bat mumps virus (BMV) and the JL5 vaccine strain of mumps virus (MuV(JL5)), we rescued a chimeric virus bearing the F and HN glycoproteins of BMV in the genomic background of MuV(JL5) Cross-reactivity and cross-neutralization between this chimeric rMuV(JL5)-F/HN(BMV) virus and rMuV(JL5) were demonstrated using hyperimmune mouse sera and a curated panel of human sera. All mouse and human sera that were able to neutralize rMuV(JL5) infection had cross-neutralizing activity against rMuV(JL5)-F/HN(BMV) Our data suggests that people who have neutralizing antibodies against MuV might be protected from infection by BMV...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805512/the-most-common-hla-alleles-and-anti-hla-antibodies-to-know-for-virtual-cross-match
#10
Bilkay Baştürk, Bircan Kantaroğlu, Miray Kavuzlu, Çağla Sarıtürk
OBJECTIVES: Human leukocyte antigens and HLAspecific antibodies are important before and after transplant treatment. The determination of the alloantibodies before transplant is useful for the estimation of risk for antibody-mediated rejection. Virtual crossmatch uses solid-phase assay to detect anti-HLA antibodies and allows exclusion of donors with unacceptable HLA antigens. The aim of our retrospective study was to investigate HLA class I and class II alleles and panel reactive antibody and Luminex Corporation (Austin, TX, USA) single-antigen bead assay positivity frequencies in the Southeastern region of Turkey...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801681/immunological-effect-of-skin-allograft-in-burn-treatment-impact-on-future-vascularized-composite-allotransplantation
#11
Rebecca M Garza, Barry H Press, Dolly B Tyan, Yvonne L Karanas, Gordon K Lee
Skin allografts are the benchmark in temporary burn wound coverage, but allografts are hypothesized to place a high antigenic load on recipients. This project aims to determine the degree of human leukocyte antigen sensitization in burn patients treated with allografts. Serum was obtained from nine adult, nontransfused, and nontransplanted burn patients treated with allografts. Group 1 included patients tested in the acute burn period, while group 2 included different patients tested months to years after injury...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795987/outcomes-of-pancreatic-islet-allotransplantation-using-the-edmonton-protocol-at-the-university-of-chicago
#12
Zehra Tekin, Marc R Garfinkel, W James Chon, Lindsay Schenck, Karolina Golab, Omid Savari, J Richard Thistlethwaite, Louis H Philipson, Colleen Majewski, Silvana Pannain, Sabarinathan Ramachandran, Kourosh Rezania, Seenu M Hariprasad, J Michael Millis, Piotr Witkowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess short-term and long-term results of the pancreatic islet transplantation using the Edmonton protocol at the University of Chicago. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients underwent pancreatic islet cell transplantation using the Edmonton Protocol; they were followed up for 10 years after initial islet transplant with up to 3 separate islet infusions. They were given induction treatment using an IL-2R antibody and their maintenance immunosuppression regimen consisted of sirolimus and tacrolimus...
October 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792303/towards-the-development-of-next-generation-of-rapid-diagnostic-test-synthesis-of-glycophosphatidylinositol-gpi-analogues-of-plasmodium-falciparum-and-immunological-characterization
#13
Bharat P Gurale, Yun He, Xikai Cui, Hieu Dinh, Abasaheb N Dhawane, Naomi W Lucchi, Udhayakumar Venkatachalam, Suri S Iyer
A large number of proteins in malaria parasites are anchored using glycophosphatidylinositols (GPIs) with lipid tails. These GPIs are structurally distinct from human GPIs. Plasmodium falciparum GPIs have been considered as potential vaccine candidates as these molecules are involved in inducing inflammatory responses in human hosts and natural anti-GPI antibody responses have been shown to be associated with protection against severe disease. The GPIs can also be considered as targets for rapid diagnostic tests...
October 28, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788819/safety-and-efficacy-of-immunoadsorption-in-heart-transplantation-program
#14
T Gazdic, I Malek, L Pagacova, A Slavcev, L Voska, M Hegarova, L Hoskova, M Kubanek, J Pirk
BACKGROUND: Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a serious complication of organ transplantation, and its treatment is complex. The aim of this study was to assess immunoadsorption (IA) for treatment-immunized patients before heart transplantation (HTX) and as the first step of AMR treatment after HTX. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 10 patients (8 men, 2 women; age range, 20-57 years). For 3 of these patients, IA was included in the desensitization protocol before HTX; for 7 patients, IA was the first step of the treatment protocol...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771385/should-epitope-based-hla-compatibility-be-used-in-the-kidney-allocation-system
#15
Rene J Duquesnoy
The new kidney allocation system (KAS) still applies donor-recipient HLA compatibility mostly at the antigen level and although some four-digit alleles have been included. This system is used to record unacceptable mismatches for sensitized transplant candidates with serum HLA antibodies. Since the reactivities of such antibodies are specifically associated with epitopes rather than HLA antigens, a more scientifically accurate assessment of mismatch acceptability could be based on epitopes. HLA class I and class II epitope specificity analyses can now be readily performed with serum antibody assays with single allele panels...
October 19, 2016: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768891/cross-neutralizing-and-protective-human-antibody-specificities-to-poxvirus-infections
#16
Iuliia Gilchuk, Pavlo Gilchuk, Gopal Sapparapu, Rebecca Lampley, Vidisha Singh, Nurgun Kose, David L Blum, Laura J Hughes, Panayampalli S Satheshkumar, Michael B Townsend, Ashley V Kondas, Zachary Reed, Zachary Weiner, Victoria A Olson, Erika Hammarlund, Hans-Peter Raue, Mark K Slifka, James C Slaughter, Barney S Graham, Kathryn M Edwards, Roselyn J Eisenberg, Gary H Cohen, Sebastian Joyce, James E Crowe
Monkeypox (MPXV) and cowpox (CPXV) are emerging agents that cause severe human infections on an intermittent basis, and variola virus (VARV) has potential for use as an agent of bioterror. Vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) has been used therapeutically to treat severe orthopoxvirus infections but is in short supply. We generated a large panel of orthopoxvirus-specific human monoclonal antibodies (Abs) from immune subjects to investigate the molecular basis of broadly neutralizing antibody responses for diverse orthopoxviruses...
October 20, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766148/expression-profile-of-novel-cell-surface-molecules-on-different-subsets-of-human-peripheral-blood-antigen-presenting-cells
#17
Daniela Damasceno, Martín Pérez Andrés, Wouter Bl van den Bossche, Juan Flores-Montero, Sandra de Bruin, Cristina Teodosio, Jacques Jm van Dongen, Alberto Orfao, Julia Almeida
Although major steps have been recently made in understanding the role of the distinct subsets of dendritic cells (DC)/antigen-presenting cells (APC), further studies are required to unravel their precise role, including in-depth immunophenotypic characterisation of these cells. Here, we used eight-colour flow cytometry to investigate the reactivity of a panel of 72 monoclonal antibodies (including those clustered in seven new Cluster of Differentiation, CD) on different subsets of APC in peripheral blood (PB) samples from five healthy adults...
September 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742824/renal-transplantation-in-sensitized-children-and-young-adults-a-nationwide-approach
#18
Luca Dello Strologo, Luisa Murer, Isabella Guzzo, Federica Morolli, Annalisa M V Pipicelli, Elisa Benetti, Germana Longo, Sara Testa, Andrea Ricci, Fabrizio Ginevri, Luciana Ghio, Massimo Cardillo, Antonina Piazza, Alessandro Nanni Costa
BACKGROUND: High levels of preformed anti-HLA antibodies dramatically diminish renal transplant outcomes. Most desensitization programmes guarantee good intermediate outcomes but quite disappointing long-term prognosis. The search for a fully compatible kidney increases time on the waiting list. METHODS: In February 2011, a nationwide hyperimmune programme (NHP) was begun in Italy: all available kidneys are primarily proposed to highly sensitized patients with a panel reactive antibody above 80%...
October 14, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742279/predictive-factors-of-acute-rejection-in-low-immunologic-risk-kidney-transplant-recipients-receiving-basiliximab
#19
M Pereira, J Guerra, M Neves, J Gonçalves, A Santana, C Nascimento, A G da Costa
INTRODUCTION: The optimal immunosuppressive induction therapy in kidney transplant recipients with low immunologic risk of acute rejection (AR) is still controversial. The use of basiliximab (BSX) has led to a significant decrease of AR with a low side effect profile. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate predictive risk factors for AR in low immunologic risk patients subjected to immunosuppressive induction therapy with BSX. METHODS: We reviewed all low immunologic risk patients (panel reactive antibody [PRA] level <50%, who had undergone a first deceased-donor transplant) subjected to immunosuppressive induction therapy with BSX, calcineurin inhibitor, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisolone (n = 346)...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723054/selection-of-a-monoclonal-antibody-by-elisa-immunoblotting-and-quartz-crystal-microbalance-technology-for-immunohistochemical-detection-of-mycoplasma-mycoides-subsp-mycoides
#20
Mirella Luciani, Gisella Armillotta, Laura Manna, Antonella Ciarelli, Tiziana Di Febo, Ivanka Krasteva, Attilio Pini, Flavio Sacchini, Anna Rita D'Angelo
An immunohistochemical (IHC) technique was optimised using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) to detect Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm), the agent of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), in sections of lung tissue. A panel of MAbs was produced and screened for Mmm speci city and for cross-reactivity against other mycoplasmas belonging and not belonging to the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster, using in parallel indirect ELISA (i-ELISA) and Immunoblotting (IB). Based on i-ELISA and IB characterization data, 1 MAb (clone 3G10E7) was selected and its highest a nity vs Mmm was con rmed by the Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) technology...
July 15, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
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