keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hep c

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902714/evaluation-of-the-activity-of-lamivudine-and-zidovudine-against-ebola-virus
#1
Yu Cong, Julie Dyall, Brit J Hart, Lisa Evans DeWald, Joshua C Johnson, Elena Postnikova, Huanying Zhou, Robin Gross, Oscar Rojas, Isis Alexander, Nicole Josleyn, Tengfei Zhang, Julia Michelotti, Krisztina Janosko, Pamela J Glass, Mike Flint, Laura K McMullan, Christina F Spiropoulou, Tim Mierzwa, Rajarshi Guha, Paul Shinn, Sam Michael, Carleen Klumpp-Thomas, Crystal McKnight, Craig Thomas, Ann E Eakin, Kathleen G O'Loughlin, Carol E Green, Paul Catz, Jon C Mirsalis, Anna N Honko, Gene G Olinger, Richard S Bennett, Michael R Holbrook, Lisa E Hensley, Peter B Jahrling
In the fall of 2014, an international news agency reported that patients suffering from Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia were treated successfully with lamivudine, an antiviral drug used to treat human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus infections. According to the report, 13 out of 15 patients treated with lamivudine survived and were declared free from Ebola virus disease. In this study, the anti-Ebola virus (EBOV) activity of lamivudine and another antiretroviral, zidovudine, were evaluated in a diverse set of cell lines against two variants of wild-type EBOV...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898051/preparation-of-6-8-11-amino-chloro-oxoisoaporphine-and-group-10-metal-complexes-and-evaluation-of-their-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antitumor-activity
#2
Qi-Pin Qin, Jiao-Lan Qin, Ting Meng, Gui-Ai Yang, Zu-Zhuang Wei, Yan-Cheng Liu, Hong Liang, Zhen-Feng Chen
A series of group-10 metal complexes 1-14 of oxoisoaporphine derivatives were designed and synthesized. 1-14 were more selectively cytotoxic to Hep-G2 cells comparing with normal liver cells. In vitro cytotoxicity results showed that complexes 1-6, 7, 8, 10 and 11, especially 3, were telomerase inhibitors targeting c-myc, telomeric, and bcl-2 G4s and triggered cell senescence and apoptosis; they also caused telomere/DNA damage and S phase arrest. In addition, 1-6 also caused mitochondrial dysfunction. Notably, 3 with 6-amino substituted ligand L(a) exhibited less side effects than 6 with 8-amino substituted ligand L(b) and cisplatin, but similar tumor growth inhibition efficacy in BEL-7402 xenograft model...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882706/high-frequency-of-potential-interactions-between-direct-acting-antivirals-and-concomitant-therapy-in-hiv-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfected-patients-in-clinical-practice
#3
J Macías, P Monge, M Mancebo, N Merchante, K Neukam, L M Real, J A Pineda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyse the frequency and degree of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and concomitant medication used by HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) and other drugs. METHODS: All patients with HIV infection and viraemic HCV genotype 1, 3 or 4 coinfection attending a tertiary care centre in Spain (November 2014 to November 2015) were included in the study...
November 24, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865903/on-command-controlled-drug-release-by-diels-alder-reaction-using-bi-magnetic-core-shell-nano-carriers
#4
Mohaned Hammad, Valentin Nica, Rolf Hempelmann
A novel bi-functional thermo-responsive system, consisting of core/shell bi-magnetic nanoparticles with furan surface functionality, is bonded with N-(2-Carboxyethyl)maleimide through Diels-Alder reaction. The chemotherapeutics doxorubicin is attached onto the surface, with a high loading efficiency of 92%. This system with high responsiveness to a high frequency external alternating magnetic field shows a very good therapeutic efficiency in hyperthermia and drug release at relatively low temperatures (50°C)...
November 5, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830547/propagation-of-human-hepatocytes-in-upa-scid-mice-producing-chimeric-mice-with-humanized-liver
#5
Hiroki Ohshita, Chise Tateno
Primary or cryopreserved human hepatocytes (h-heps) have been used as the gold standard for in vitro metabolism and hepatotoxicity studies; however, the supply of h-heps is limited and they cannot grow in vitro. We achieved approximately 1000-fold propagation of h-heps in the liver of albumin promoter/enhancer-driven urokinase-type plasminogen activator transgenic/severe combined immunodeficiency disease (uPA/SCID) mice with genetically induced liver disease and immunodeficiency. When h-heps are transplanted into the uPA/SCID mouse liver via the spleen, the h-heps engraft in the mouse liver, resulting in its repopulation with h-heps...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813589/influence-of-chitosan-nanoparticle-mediated-c-erbb-2-gene-silencing-on-invasion-and-apoptosis-of-hep-2-cells
#6
W R Liu, L R Cao, G J Zuo
We aimed to measure the invasion ability of Hep-2 laryngeal cancer cells after treatment with C-erbB-2-small interfering RNA (siRNA)-chitosan nanoparticles, and assess the applied value of chitosan nanoparticle-mediated C-erbB-2 interference in inhibiting laryngeal cancer invasion and metastasis. Nanoparticles of approximately 100 nm, comprising C-erbB-2 siRNA packaged with chitosan, were prepared and used to treat Hep-2 cells. Silencing of C-erbB-2 was detected by western blot and polymerase chain reaction...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796929/potential-for-colonization-of-o111-h25-atypical-enteropathogenic-e-coli
#7
Marta O Domingos, Keyde C M Melo, Irys Viana Neves, Cristiane M Mota, Rita C Ruiz, Bruna S Melo, Raphael C Lima, Denise S P Q Horton, Monamaris M Borges, Marcia R Franzolin
Using clonal phylogenetic methods, it has been demonstrated that O111:H25 atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC) strains belong to distinct clones, suggesting the possibility that their ability to interact with different hosts and abiotic surfaces can vary from one clone to another. Accordingly, the ability of O111:H25 aEPEC strains derived from human, cat and dogs to adhere to epithelial cells has been investigated, along with their ability to interact with macrophages and to form biofilms on polystyrene, a polymer used to make biomedical devices...
November 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773233/physiochemical-and-cytotoxicity-study-of-tpgs-stabilized-nanoemulsion-designed-by-ultrasonication-method
#8
Khushwinder Kaur, Raj Kumar, Arpita, Sumit Goel, Shivani Uppal, Alka Bhatia, S K Mehta
The main aim of the present work was to prepare TPGS stabilized D-α-Tocopherol, lemon oil, tween-80, and water nanoemulsion by low cost and highly effective sonication method. The prepared nanoemulsion showed good stability for 60days at variable temperature conditions i.e. 4, 25 and 37°C. The tolerance of the prepared nanoemulsion to salt (50mM-500mM) and pH (pH 2-pH 7.4) was also studied. The morphology and droplet size of pure and quinine loaded nanoemulsion was characterized with transmission electron microscopy...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765853/ascochlorin-enhances-the-sensitivity-of-doxorubicin-leading-to-the-reversal-of-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Xiaoyun Dai, Kwang Seok Ahn, Ling Zhi Wang, Chulwon Kim, Amudha Deivasigamni, Frank Arfuso, Jae-Young Um, Alan Prem Kumar, Young-Chae Chang, Dhiraj Kumar, Gopal C Kundu, Junji Magae, Boon Cher Goh, Kam Man Hui, Gautam Sethi
Increasing evidence has indicated that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) at the advanced stage of liver cancer not only has the ability to self-renew and progress cancer, but also enables greater resistance to conventional chemo- and radiotherapies. Here, we report that ascochlorin (ASC), an isoprenoid antibiotic, could potentiate the cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin on HCCLM3, SNU387, SNU49, and SK-Hep-1 hepatocellular carcinoma cells, which had a predominantly mesenchymal signature with low expression of E-cadherin but high expression of N-cadherin...
December 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762456/hovenia-dulcis-extract-reduces-lipid-accumulation-in-oleic-acid-induced-steatosis-of-hep-g2-cells-via-activation-of-ampk-and-ppar%C3%AE-cpt-1-pathway-and-in-acute-hyperlipidemia-mouse-model
#10
Bonglee Kim, Moon-Jea Woo, Chul-Soo Park, Sang-Hun Lee, Jin-Soo Kim, Boim Kim, Seho An, Sung-Hoon Kim
Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (HDT) was known to have anti-fatigue, anti-diabetes, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective effects. In the present study, the anti-fatty liver mechanism of HDT was elucidated in oleic acid (OA)-treated Hep G2 cells and acute hyperlipidemia mouse model using Triton WR-1339. Here, HDT activated p-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK), proliferator activated receptor-α, carnitine palmitoyltransferase and also inhibited the expression of lipogenesis and cholesterol synthesis proteins, such as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, SREBP-2, and fatty acid synthase in OA-treated Hep G2 cells...
October 20, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757508/characterization-of-the-biochemical-physiological-and-medicinal-properties-of-streptomyces-hygroscopicus-actms-9h-isolated-from-the-amazon-brazil
#11
Sandrine M A Lima, Janaína G S Melo, Gardênia C G Militão, Gláucia M S Lima, Maria do Carmo A Lima, Jaciana S Aguiar, Renata M Araújo, Raimundo Braz-Filho, Pascal Marchand, Janete M Araújo, Teresinha G Silva
Actinomycetes are known to produce numerous secondary bioactive metabolites of pharmaceutical interest. The purpose of this study was to isolate, characterize, and investigate the antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities of metabolites produced by Actinobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of Paullinia cupana. The Actinobacteria was identified as Streptomyces hygroscopicus ACTMS-9H. Based on a bioguided study, the methanolic biomass extract obtained from submerged cultivation had the most potent antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities...
October 18, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737339/acute-toxicity-and-cytotoxicity-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-of-spondias-tuberosa-arruda-bark-hematological-biochemical-and-histopathological-evaluation
#12
Humberto M Barbosa, Jailson N DO Nascimento, Thiago A S Araújo, Filipe S Duarte, Ulysses P Albuquerque, Jeymesson R C Vieira, Edson R B DE Santana, Ricardo Yara, Cláudia S A Lima, Dayane A Gomes, Eduardo C Lira
Spondias tuberosa Arruda, popularly named as umbu, is native from savanna-like vegetation and widely used for medicinal purposes, however, the toxicological profile is not available yet. This study evaluated the phytochemical profile and acute toxicity and citoxicity of Ethanolic Extract of Spondias tuberosa Arruda Bark (EEStb) in hematological, biochemical and histopathological parameters. Female Wistar rats were divided into: control (C) and animal treated single doses of 300mg/Kg (EEStb300) or 2.000mg/kg body weight (ESStb2...
2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733137/a-multidimensional-education-program-at-substance-dependence-treatment-centers-improves-patient-knowledge-and-hepatitis-c-care
#13
Rui Tato Marinho, António Costa, Teodomiro Pires, Helena Raposo, Carlos Vasconcelos, Cristina Polónia, Joaquim Borges, Mariana Soares, Graça Vilar, Ana Maria Nogueira
BACKGROUND: HCV treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID) is low. Education programs may be suitable strategies to improve patients' knowledge about their condition and to overcome barriers to access treatment. METHODS: The Health Educational Program (HEP) consisted of patient workshops and educational videos and leaflets, and healthcare professionals' workshops. HEP was implemented at seven substance dependence treatment centers (STDC) in Portugal. The study comprised two cross-sectional evaluations conducted before and after HEP...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725869/mir-300-suppresses-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-proliferation-and-metastasis-by-targeting-ros1
#14
Wensheng Ge, Chaodong Han, Jing Wang, Yunping Zhang
Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common aggressive head and neck cancer with high mortality and incidence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding and endogenous RNAs that posttranscriptionally inhibit gene expression. In this study, we showed that miR-300 expression was downregulated in LSCC tissues compared with adjacent no-tumor tissues. MiR-300 overexpression inhibited Hep-2 cell proliferation, as well as the expression of ki-67 and PCNA. Moreover, overexpression of miR-300 repressed the cell invasion in Hep-2 cells...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721148/preparation-of-novel-ring-a-fused-azole-derivatives-of-betulin-and-evaluation-of-their-cytotoxicity
#15
Victoria V Grishko, Irina A Tolmacheva, Vladimir O Nebogatikov, Natalia V Galaiko, Alexei V Nazarov, Maxim V Dmitriev, Irena B Ivshina
An efficient scheme to synthesize novel ring-A fused heterocyclic derivatives of betulin was developed. The starting reaction of this synthesis was one-pot selective bacterial oxidation of betulin to betulone used as the key compound to synthesize the substituted azoles such as C(2)-C(3)-fused 1,2,3-triazoles, oxazoles and 1,2,4-triazine, as well as C(1)-C(2)-fused isoxazoles. The semi-synthetic compounds were screened for their cytotoxic activity against human cancer cell lines A549, HCT 116, HEp-2, MS and RD TE32 with use of the photometric MTT assays...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720296/synthesis-of-novel-ethyl-2-4-disubstituted-8-trifluoromethyl-pyrido-2-3-3-4-pyrazolo-1-5-a-pyrimidine-9-carboxylate-derivatives-as-promising-anticancer-agents
#16
N Ravi Kumar, Y Poornachandra, D Krishna Swaroop, G Jitender Dev, C Ganesh Kumar, B Narsaiah
A series of novel pyrido[2',3':3,4] pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives 6-9 were prepared in single step starting from 3-amino-6-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine-5-carboxylate 5 on reaction with symmetrical and unsymmetrical aliphatic and aromatic 1,3-diketones/α,β unsaturated ketones/α,β unsaturated keto ethers under conventional method. All the final compounds 6a-c, 8a-b and 9a-l were screened for anticancer activity against five human cancer cell lines such as PC-3 (CRL-1435), MDA-MB-231 (HTB-26), Hep G2 (HB-8065), HeLa (CCL-2) and normal HUVEC (CRL-1730)...
September 28, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717933/antiviral-activity-of-the-virus-blocking-factor-vbf-derived-i-a-from-pelargonium-extract-and-sambucus-juice-against-different-human-pathogenic-cold-viruses-in-vitro
#17
Andrzej M Fal, Frank Conrad, Karina Schönknecht, Hartwig Sievers, Anna Pawińska
THE AIM: The in-vitro antiviral activity of the "Virus Blocking Factor" (VBF), a combination of Pelargonium extract and Sambucus juice with addition of Betaglucan 1,3 / 1,6, Zincum gluconium, Acidum ascorbicum, was studied against human pathogenic viruses: Influenza A H1N1 (FluA H1N1), Rhinovirus B subtype 14 (HRV14), Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Parainfluenzavirus subtype 3 (Para 3), and Adenovirus C subtype 5 (Adeno 5). METHOD: Antiviral activity was assessed using plaque-reduction assays after adding the test substance post infection of the MDCK, HeLa and HEp-2 cells with the viruses...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717914/reversibly-ph-responsive-polyurethane-membranes-for-on-demand-intravaginal-drug-delivery
#18
Seungil Kim, Yufei Chen, Emmanuel A Ho, Song Liu
: To provide better protection for women against sexually transmitted infections, on-demand intravaginal drug delivery was attempted by synthesizing reversibly pH-sensitive polyether-polyurethane copolymers using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and 1,4-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine (HEP). Chemical structure and thermo-characteristics of the synthesized polyurethanes were confirmed by attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR), and melting point testing...
October 4, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708347/humic-acid-inhibits-hbv-induced-autophagosome-formation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-hbv-transfected-hep-g2-cells
#19
Kishor Pant, Ajay K Yadav, Parul Gupta, Abhishek Singh Rathore, Baibaswata Nayak, Senthil K Venugopal
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) utilizes several mechanisms to survive in the host cells and one of the main pathways being autophagosome formation. Humic acid (HA), one of the major components of Mineral pitch, is an Ayurvedic medicinal food, commonly used by the people of the Himalayan regions of Nepal and India for various body ailments. We hypothesized that HA could induce cell death and inhibit HBV-induced autophagy in hepatic cells. Incubation of Hep G2.2.1.5 cells (HepG2 cells stably expressing HBV) with HA (100 μM) inhibited both cell proliferation and autophagosome formation significantly, while apoptosis induction was enhanced...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705003/steroid-glycosides-from-the-starfish-pentaceraster-gracilis
#20
Le Thi Vien, Bui Thi Ngoan, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Le Ba Vinh, Do Cong Thung, Do Thi Thao, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Using combined chromatographic separations, two new steroid glycosides namely pentacerosides A (1) and B (2), and four known compounds were isolated from the methanol extract of the starfish Pentaceraster gracilis. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data ((1)H and (13)C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, (1)H-(1)H COSY, ROESY, and FT-ICR-MS) and by comparing obtained results to the literature values. Among the isolated compounds, only maculatoside (5) showed significant cytotoxic effect against Hep-G2 (IC50 = 16...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
keyword
keyword
18028
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"