keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hep c

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081204/deletion-of-ssna-attenuates-the-pathogenicity-of-streptococcus-suis-and-confers-protection-against-serovar-2-strain-challenge
#1
Miao Li, Ru-Jian Cai, Chun-Ling Li, Shuai Song, Yan Li, Zhi-Yong Jiang, Dong-Xia Yang
Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is a major porcine and human pathogen which causes arthritis, meningitis, and septicemia. Streptococcus suis nuclease A (SsnA) is a recently discovered deoxyribonuclease (DNase), which has been demonstrated to contribute to escape killing in neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). To further determine the effects of ssnA on virulence, the ssnA deletion mutant (ΔssnA) and its complemented strain (C-ΔssnA) were constructed. The ability of ΔssnA mutant to interact with human laryngeal epithelial cell (Hep-2) was evaluated and it exhibited dramatically decreased ability to adhere to and invade Hep-2 cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072492/identification-and-characterization-of-novel-host-defense-peptides-from-the-skin-secretion-of-the-fungoid-frog-hydrophylax-bahuvistara-anura-ranidae
#2
T V Vineeth Kumar, R Asha, G Shyla, Sanil George
Two novel peptides (brevinin1 HYba1 and brevinin1 HYba2) were identified from the skin secretion of the frog Hydrophylax bahuvistara, endemic to Western Ghats, India, and their amino acid sequences were confirmed using cDNA cloning and LC/MS/MS. Antibacterial, hemolytic and cytotoxic activities of brevinin1 peptides and their synthetic analogs (amidated C-terminus) were investigated and compared. All the peptides except the acidic forms showed antibacterial activity against all tested Gram -positive and negative bacteria...
January 10, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066964/mechanisms-of-the-prevention-and-inhibition-of-the-progression-and-development-of-nash-by-genetic-and-pharmacological-dcr3-supplementation
#3
Pei-Chang Lee, Ling-Yu Yang, Ying-Wen Wang, Shiang-Fen Huang, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Ying-Ying Yang, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin, Fa-Yuah Lee, Shou-Dong Lee
AIMS: Treatment to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is difficult due to the absence of a proven treatment and its comprehensive mechanisms. In the NASH animal model, up-regulated hepatic inflammation and oxidative stress with the resultant M1 polarization of macrophage as well as the imbalanced adipocytokines all accelerate NASH progression. As a member of TNF receptor superfamily, decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) not only neutralizes the death ligands, but also performs immune modulations...
January 8, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062866/-bovine-lactoferrin-decreases-the-invasion-of-salmonella-enterica-to-hep-2-cells
#4
Liz J Barreto Arce, Carmen A Contreras García, David Durand Vara, Theresa Ochoa Woodell
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bovine lactoferrin (bLf) on the invasion of Salmonella enterica ser. Typhimurium to HEp-2 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HEp-2 monolayers were infected with 106 colony forming unit (CFU) of bacteria in the absence and presence of 1 and 10 mg/mL of bLf (iron-saturated) and incubated 1.5 hours at 37°C. Two treatments were evaluated: pre- infection (HEp-2 cells were incubated with bLf one hour prior to infection with Salmonella) and post-infection (bLf was added 15 minutes after the infection)...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059504/particulate-photocatalyst-sheets-based-on-carbon-conductor-layer-for-efficient-z-scheme-pure-water-splitting-at-ambient-pressure
#5
Qian Wang, Takashi Hisatomi, Yohichi Suzuki, Zhenhua Pan, Jeongsuk Seo, Masao Katayama, Tsutomu Minegishi, Hiroshi Nishiyama, Tsuyoshi Takata, Kazuhiko Seki, Akihiko Kudo, Taro Yamada, Kazunari Domen
Development of sunlight-driven water splitting systems with high efficiency, scalability, and cost-competitiveness is a central issue for mass production of solar hydrogen as a renewable and storable energy carrier. Photocatalyst sheets comprising a particulate hydrogen evolution photocatalyst (HEP) and an oxygen evolution photocatalyst (OEP) embedded in a conductive thin film can realize efficient and scalable solar hydrogen production using Z-scheme water splitting. However, the use of expensive precious metal thin films that also promote reverse reactions is a major obstacle to developing a cost-effective process at ambient pressure...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054985/novel-pei-poly-%C3%AE-gutamic-acid-nanoparticles-for-high-efficient-sirna-and-plasmid-dna-co-delivery
#6
Shu-Fen Peng, Hung-Kun Hsu, Chun-Cheng Lin, Ya-Ming Cheng, Kuang-Hsing Hsu
The efficient delivery of sufficient amounts of nucleic acids into target cells is critical for successful gene therapy and gene knockdown. The DNA/siRNA co-delivery system has been considered a promising approach for cancer therapy to simultaneously express and inhibit tumor suppressor genes and overexpressed oncogenes, respectively, triggering synergistic anti-cancer effects. Polyethylenimine (PEI) has been identified as an efficient non-viral vector for transgene expression. In this study, we created a very high efficient DNA/siRNA co-delivery system by incorporating a negatively-charged poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) into PEI/nucleic acid complexes...
January 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046078/immune-response-in-calves-vaccinated-with-type-three-secretion-system-antigens-and-shiga-toxin-2b-subunit-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#7
Luisina Martorelli, Sergio Garbaccio, Daniel A Vilte, Adriana A Albanese, María P Mejías, Marina S Palermo, Elsa C Mercado, Cristina E Ibarra, Angel A Cataldi
Ruminants are the primary reservoir of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and the main source of infection for humans. The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenic properties of a candidate vaccine consisting on the recombinant proteins of E. coli O157:H7 IntiminC280, the carboxy-terminal fraction of Intimin γ, EspB and the fusion protein between the B subunit of Stx2 and Brucella Lumazine Synthase (BLS)(BLS-Stx2B), in Holstein Fresian calves.To accomplish this goal we vaccinated calves with two doses of different vaccine formulations: 2 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB), 3 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB, BLS-Stx2B), BLS-Stx2B alone and a control non-vaccinated group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041821/nat-positivity-in-seronegative-voluntary-blood-donors-from-western-india
#8
Kanchan K Mishra, Apeksha Trivedi, Sheetal Sosa, Krima Patel, Kanjaksha Ghosh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and composition of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV-1, NAT positive but seronegative voluntary blood donors from western part of India is yet to be documented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over last 2 1/2 years all the seronegative voluntary blood donors were tested using 10 minipools on a semiautomated NAT testing platform. The positively tested donors were followed up for at least five months for development of seropositivity. RESULTS: 79532 seronegative donations were tested by 10 minipool (MP) NAT leading to 51 positive sample (44 Hep B, 5 HIV 1 and Hep C positive)...
December 13, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039789/substitutional-impact-on-biological-activity-of-new-water-soluble-ni-ii-complexes-preparation-spectral-characterization-x-ray-crystallography-dna-protein-binding-antibacterial-activity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity
#9
C Umadevi, P Kalaivani, H Puschmann, S Murugan, P S Mohan, R Prabhakaran
A series of new water soluble nickel(II) complexes containing triphenylphosphine and 4-methoxysalicylaldehyde-4(N)-substituted thiosemicarbazones were synthesized and characterized. Crystallographic investigations confirmed the structure of the complexes (1-4) having the general structure [Ni(4-Msal-Rtsc)(PPh3)] (Where R=H (1); CH3 (2); C2H5 (3); C6H5 (4)) which showed that thiosemicarbazone ligands coordinated to nickel(II) ion as ONS tridentate bibasic donor. DNA/BSA protein binding ability of the ligands and their new complexes were studied by taking calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and Bovine serum albumin (BSA) through absorption and emission titrations...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038941/design-and-synthesis-of-new-coumarin-hybrids-and-insight-into-their-mode-of-antiproliferative-action
#10
Heba A H Elshemy, Mohamed A Zaki
Molecular hybridization approach was used to synthesize three series of coumarin based hybrids by conglomerate a substituted chalcones, acrylohydrazides, and pyridines moieties with 8-methoxy coumarin. The hybrids showed significant cytotoxic activity against liver cancer Hep G2 and Leukemia K562 cell lines with IC50 values 0.49-3.96μM, comparable to the positive controls and exhibited weak activity against the normal cell line WI-38, thus indicating selectivity toward the tumor cells. Coumarin-chalcone hybrids 2a-c have demonstrated the most promising activity against both cancer cell lines with IC50 values of 0...
December 19, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024724/a-ppar-gamma-agonist-protects-against-oral-mucositis-induced-by-irradiation-in-a-murine-model
#11
Monica Mangoni, Mariangela Sottili, Chiara Gerini, Isacco Desideri, Cinzia Bastida, Stefania Pallotta, Francesca Castiglione, Pierluigi Bonomo, Icro Meattini, Daniela Greto, Emanuela Olmetto, Francesca Terziani, Carlotta Becherini, Camilla Delli Paoli, Laura Trombetta, Mauro Loi, Giampaolo Biti, Lorenzo Livi
BACKGROUND: Due to its anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic and antineoplastic properties, the PPAR gamma agonist rosiglitazone is of interest in prevention and therapy of radiation-induced toxicities. We aimed to evaluate the radioprotective effect of rosiglitazone in a mouse model of radiation-induced oral mucositis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral mucositis was obtained by irradiation of the oral region of C57BL/6J mice, pretreated or not with rosiglitazone. Mucositis was assessed by macroscopic scoring, histology and molecular analysis...
January 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000898/regorafenib-induces-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-apoptosis-through-inhibition-of-erk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Jai-Jen Tsai, Po-Jung Pan, Fei-Ting Hsu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of NF-κB inactivation in regorafenib-induced apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma SK-HEP-1 cells. SK-HEP-1 cells were treated with different concentrations of the NF-κB inhibitor 4-N-[2-(4-phenoxyphenyl)ethyl]quinazoline-4,6-diamine (QNZ) or regorafenib for different periods. The effects of QNZ and regorafenib on cell viability, expression of NF-κB-modulated anti-apoptotic proteins and apoptotic pathways were analyzed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, western blotting, DNA gel electrophoresis, flow cytometry and NF-κB reporter gene assay...
December 20, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986976/selective-susceptibility-to-nanosecond-pulsed-electric-field-nspef-across-different-human-cell-types
#13
Elena C Gianulis, Chantelle Labib, Gintautas Saulis, Vitalij Novickij, Olga N Pakhomova, Andrei G Pakhomov
Tumor ablation by nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) is an emerging therapeutic modality. We compared nsPEF cytotoxicity for human cell lines of cancerous (IMR-32, Hep G2, HT-1080, and HPAF-II) and non-cancerous origin (BJ and MRC-5) under strictly controlled and identical conditions. Adherent cells were uniformly treated by 300-ns PEF (0-2000 pulses, 1.8 kV/cm, 50 Hz) on indium tin oxide-covered glass coverslips, using the same media and serum. Cell survival plotted against the number of pulses displayed three distinct regions (initial resistivity, logarithmic survival decline, and residual resistivity) for all tested cell types, but with differences in LD50 spanning as much as nearly 80-fold...
December 16, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973793/envisaging-structural-insight-of-a-terminally-protected-proline-dipeptide-by-raman-spectroscopy-and-density-functional-theory-analyses
#14
Supriya Das, Uttam Pal, Moumita Chatterjee, Sumit Kumar Pramanik, Biswadip Banerji, Nakul C Maiti
The proline residue in a protein sequence generates constraints to its secondary structure as the associated torsion angles become a part of the heterocyclic ring. It becomes more significant when two consecutive proline residues link via amide linkage and produce additional configurational constraint to a protein's folding and stability. In the current manuscript we have illustrated conformation preference of a novel dipeptide, (R)-tert-butyl 2-((S)-2-(methoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940945/from-care-to-cure-demonstrating-a-model-of-clinical-patient-navigation-for-hepatitis-c-care-and-treatment-in-high-need-patients
#15
Mary M Ford, Nirah Johnson, Payal Desai, Eric Rude, Fabienne Laraque
The NYC Department of Health implemented a patient navigation program, Check Hep C, to address patient and provider barriers to HCV care and potentially lifesaving treatment. Services were delivered at two clinical care sites and two sites that linked patients to off-site care. Working with a multidisciplinary care team, patient navigators provided risk assessment, health education, treatment readiness and medication adherence counseling, and medication coordination. Between March 2014 and January 2015, 388 participants enrolled in Check Hep C, 129 (33%) initiated treatment, and 119 (91% of initiators) had sustained virologic response (SVR)...
December 10, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902714/evaluation-of-the-activity-of-lamivudine-and-zidovudine-against-ebola-virus
#16
Yu Cong, Julie Dyall, Brit J Hart, Lisa Evans DeWald, Joshua C Johnson, Elena Postnikova, Huanying Zhou, Robin Gross, Oscar Rojas, Isis Alexander, Nicole Josleyn, Tengfei Zhang, Julia Michelotti, Krisztina Janosko, Pamela J Glass, Mike Flint, Laura K McMullan, Christina F Spiropoulou, Tim Mierzwa, Rajarshi Guha, Paul Shinn, Sam Michael, Carleen Klumpp-Thomas, Crystal McKnight, Craig Thomas, Ann E Eakin, Kathleen G O'Loughlin, Carol E Green, Paul Catz, Jon C Mirsalis, Anna N Honko, Gene G Olinger, Richard S Bennett, Michael R Holbrook, Lisa E Hensley, Peter B Jahrling
In the fall of 2014, an international news agency reported that patients suffering from Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia were treated successfully with lamivudine, an antiviral drug used to treat human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus infections. According to the report, 13 out of 15 patients treated with lamivudine survived and were declared free from Ebola virus disease. In this study, the anti-Ebola virus (EBOV) activity of lamivudine and another antiretroviral, zidovudine, were evaluated in a diverse set of cell lines against two variants of wild-type EBOV...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898051/preparation-of-6-8-11-amino-chloro-oxoisoaporphine-and-group-10-metal-complexes-and-evaluation-of-their-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antitumor-activity
#17
Qi-Pin Qin, Jiao-Lan Qin, Ting Meng, Gui-Ai Yang, Zu-Zhuang Wei, Yan-Cheng Liu, Hong Liang, Zhen-Feng Chen
A series of group-10 metal complexes 1-14 of oxoisoaporphine derivatives were designed and synthesized. 1-14 were more selectively cytotoxic to Hep-G2 cells comparing with normal liver cells. In vitro cytotoxicity results showed that complexes 1-6, 7, 8, 10 and 11, especially 3, were telomerase inhibitors targeting c-myc, telomeric, and bcl-2 G4s and triggered cell senescence and apoptosis; they also caused telomere/DNA damage and S phase arrest. In addition, 1-6 also caused mitochondrial dysfunction. Notably, 3 with 6-amino substituted ligand L(a) exhibited less side effects than 6 with 8-amino substituted ligand L(b) and cisplatin, but similar tumor growth inhibition efficacy in BEL-7402 xenograft model...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882706/high-frequency-of-potential-interactions-between-direct-acting-antivirals-and-concomitant-therapy-in-hiv-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfected-patients-in-clinical-practice
#18
J Macías, P Monge, M Mancebo, N Merchante, K Neukam, L M Real, J A Pineda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyse the frequency and degree of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and concomitant medication used by HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) and other drugs. METHODS: All patients with HIV infection and viraemic HCV genotype 1, 3 or 4 coinfection attending a tertiary care centre in Spain (November 2014 to November 2015) were included in the study...
November 24, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865903/on-command-controlled-drug-release-by-diels-alder-reaction-using-bi-magnetic-core-shell-nano-carriers
#19
Mohaned Hammad, Valentin Nica, Rolf Hempelmann
A novel bi-functional thermo-responsive system, consisting of core/shell bi-magnetic nanoparticles with furan surface functionality, is bonded with N-(2-Carboxyethyl)maleimide through Diels-Alder reaction. The chemotherapeutics doxorubicin is attached onto the surface, with a high loading efficiency of 92%. This system with high responsiveness to a high frequency external alternating magnetic field shows a very good therapeutic efficiency in hyperthermia and drug release at relatively low temperatures (50°C)...
November 5, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830547/propagation-of-human-hepatocytes-in-upa-scid-mice-producing-chimeric-mice-with-humanized-liver
#20
Hiroki Ohshita, Chise Tateno
Primary or cryopreserved human hepatocytes (h-heps) have been used as the gold standard for in vitro metabolism and hepatotoxicity studies; however, the supply of h-heps is limited and they cannot grow in vitro. We achieved approximately 1000-fold propagation of h-heps in the liver of albumin promoter/enhancer-driven urokinase-type plasminogen activator transgenic/severe combined immunodeficiency disease (uPA/SCID) mice with genetically induced liver disease and immunodeficiency. When h-heps are transplanted into the uPA/SCID mouse liver via the spleen, the h-heps engraft in the mouse liver, resulting in its repopulation with h-heps...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
18028
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"