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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938548/promoter-dna-methylation-analysis-reveals-a-combined-diagnosis-of-cpg-based-biomarker-for-prostate-cancer
#1
Yuanyuan Tang, Shusuan Jiang, Yinmin Gu, Weidong Li, Zengnan Mo, Yuanjie Huang, Tianyu Li, Yanling Hu
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common tumor in elderly men. However, the specificity and sensitivity of serum prostate-specific antigen levels in PCa diagnosis are controversial. This study aims to reveal a novel diagnosis biomarker in PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The differential methylated CpG sites between 423 primary PCa and 39 adjacent samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) on Illumina HumanMethylation 450 platform were analyzed. The diagnostic methylation markers were mined using the Prediction Analysis of Microarrays package in Bioconductor...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936560/multicenter-phase-ii-study-of-trastuzumab-plus-s-1-alone-in-elderly-patients-with-her2-positive-advanced-gastric-cancer-jaccro-gc-06
#2
Yutaka Kimura, Masashi Fujii, Toshiki Masuishi, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Chikara Kunisaki, Satoshi Matsusaka, Yoshihiko Segawa, Masato Nakamura, Kinro Sasaki, Narutoshi Nagao, Yukimasa Hatachi, Yasuhiko Yuasa, Shinya Asami, Masahiro Takeuchi, Hiroshi Furukawa, Toshifusa Nakajima
BACKGROUND: S-1 plus cisplatin is a standard regimen for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) in Asia. The ToGA trial established a fluoropyrimidine plus cisplatin and trastuzumab as a standard treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive AGC. In the HERBIS-1 trial, trastuzumab combined with S-1 plus cisplatin showed promising antitumor activity in patients with HER2-positive AGC. However, cisplatin has several important drawbacks, including vomiting and renal toxicity...
September 21, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934828/-treatment-strategies-after-non-curative-endoscopic-resection-of-early-gastric-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Shin Hee Kim, Su Jin Hong
The cases of non-curative endoscopic resection (NCR) of early gastric cancer have increased due to the widespread use of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). NCR is associated with augmenting chances of local recurrence and lymph node metastasis (LNM). Therefore, some additional treatment strategies after NCR are needed. Treatment strategies for NCR should be determined by considering the risk of residual tumor or local recurrence and LNM. Additional surgical treatment such as gastrectomy and lymph node dissection are recommended in patients who have high-risk of LNM...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934309/increased-plasma-proline-concentrations-are-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly
#4
Kenji Toyoshima, Marie Nakamura, Yusuke Adachi, Akira Imaizumi, Tomomi Hakamada, Yasuko Abe, Eiji Kaneko, Soiciro Takahashi, Kentaro Shimokado
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metabolome analyses have shown that plasma amino acid profiles reflect various pathological conditions, such as cancer and diabetes mellitus. It remains unclear, however, whether plasma amino acid profiles change in patients with sarcopenia. This study therefore aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia-specific changes occur in plasma amino acid profiles. METHODS: A total of 153 community-dwelling and seven institutionalized elderly individuals (56 men, 104 women; mean age, 77...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934000/impact-of-preexisting-mental-illness-on-all-cause-and-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
Kristy Iglay, Melissa L Santorelli, Kim M Hirshfield, Jill M Williams, George G Rhoads, Yong Lin, Kitaw Demissie
Purpose Limited data are available on the survival of patients with breast cancer with preexisting mental illness, and elderly women are of special interest because they experience the highest incidence of breast cancer. Therefore, we compared all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality for elderly patients with breast cancer with and without mental illness. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using SEER-Medicare data, including 19,028 women ≥ 68 years of age who were diagnosed with stage I to IIIa breast cancer in the United States from 2005 to 2007...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932975/the-effect-of-a-geriatric-evaluation-on-treatment-decisions-for-older-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
N M Verweij, E T D Souwer, A H W Schiphorst, H A Maas, J E A Portielje, A Pronk, F van den Bos, M E Hamaker
BACKGROUND: Treating elderly colorectal cancer patients can be challenging. It is very important to carefully weigh the risks and benefits of potential treatments in individual patients. This treatment decision making can be guided by geriatric consultation. Our aim was to assess the effect of a geriatric evaluation on treatment decisions for older patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients who were referred for a geriatric consultation between 2013 and 2015 in three Dutch teaching hospitals were included in a prospective database...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932722/the-first-year-after-colorectal-surgery-in-the-elderly
#7
Verena N N Kornmann, Jeroen L A van Vugt, Anke B Smits, Bert van Ramshorst, Djamila Boerma
PURPOSE: Surgery for colorectal malignancy is increasingly being performed in the elderly. Little is known about the impact of complications on late mortality. This study aimed to analyze whether a complicated postoperative course affects the 1-year survival in elderly patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients older than 75 years of age who underwent colorectal cancer surgery between January 2009 and April 2013 were included in this study. The main outcome was mortality at 1 year after surgery...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932718/colorectal-cancer-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#8
EDITORIAL
Young Jin Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932647/immunotherapy-with-listeria-reduces-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-young-and-old-mice-through-different-mechanisms
#9
Arthee Jahangir, Dinesh Chandra, Wilber Quispe-Tintaya, Manisha Singh, Benson Chellakkan Selvanesan, Claudia Gravekamp
Cancer immunotherapy is one of the most promising and benign therapies against metastatic cancer. However, most cancer patients are old and elderly react less efficient to cancer vaccines than young adults, due to T cell unresponsiveness. Here we present data of cancer vaccination in young and old mice with metastatic breast cancer (4T1 model). We tested adaptive and innate immune responses to foreign antigens (Listeria-derived) and self-antigens (tumor-associated antigens (TAA)) and their contribution to elimination of metastases at young and old age...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932579/patient-reported-outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-vats-resection-or-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-sabr-for-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-protocol-for-an-observational-pilot-study-lilac
#10
Cecilia Pompili, Kevin N Franks, Alessandro Brunelli, Yusuf S Hussain, Patricia Holch, Matthew E Callister, Jonathan M Robson, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Galina Velikova
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is increasingly a disease of the elderly and frail population with a median age of 70 years at diagnosis. Therefore, consideration of the impact of interventions on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and not only absolute survival is especially important. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been gaining popularity over the last few decades, replacing traditional open lobectomies. For high-risk patients who are not deemed suitable for surgery, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) provides a potentially curative alternative...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923227/advancing-treatment-approach-to-the-older-patient-with-cancer-through-clinical-trials-participation
#11
REVIEW
Efrat Dotan
The aging of the population worldwide brings a "Tsunami" of older patients to oncology practices. Oncologists are faced with determining the fitness of patients for therapy and tailoring appropriate therapy. Ongoing treatment of this patient population is challenging because of physiologic changes of aging, comorbidities, and various geriatric syndromes. Underrepresentation of older patients in clinical trials results in a gap in knowledge and lack of clear evidence to guide treatment approach. In recent years, some advancements have been made with publication of elderly specific studies...
October 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922686/survival-outcomes-in-elderly-men-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy-in-australia
#12
Weranja Ranasinghe, Luke L Wang, Raj Persad, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Shomik Sengupta
BACKGROUND: To investigate the outcomes of patients older than 75 years of age in Victoria undergoing radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. METHODS: Data on all men undergoing radical prostatectomy in Victoria between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014 were obtained from the Victorian Cancer Registry. Tumour characteristics including Gleason grade, stage of disease and cause of death were obtained. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-squared test, Cox proportional hazards method and Kaplan-Meier analysis...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922685/neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-the-westmead-experience
#13
Annelise M Cocco, David Messer, Alexander Brown, Nina Sriram, Jenny Gilchrist, Loma Al-Mansouri, Richard Kefford, Farid Meybodi, James French, Jeremy Hsu, Elisabeth Elder
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NAST) can be used to treat breast cancer. Pathologic complete response (pCR) is a surrogate marker for improved survival. This study examined response in the breast and axilla to NAST and identified features associated with pCR. METHODS: Patients undergoing NAST and surgery between January 2012 and June 2016 by surgeons at Westmead Breast Cancer Institute were identified. Patients with inflammatory or metastatic disease were excluded...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922205/impact-of-advanced-age-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-report-of-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#14
Masaki Kaibori, Kengo Yoshii, Isao Yokota, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Fumio Nagashima, Shoji Kubo, Masanori Kon, Namiki Izumi, Masumi Kadoya, Masatoshi Kudo, Takashi Kumada, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Nakashima, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: The impact of age on survival after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been thoroughly examined. We reviewed the data of a nationwide follow-up survey to determine the outcomes of hepatectomy for HCC in elderly patients. BACKGROUND: Management of malignant diseases in elderly patients has become a global clinical issue because of the increased life expectancy worldwide. Advancements in surgical techniques and perioperative management have reduced age-related contraindications for liver surgery...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919717/the-influence-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-on-the-prognosis-of-elderly-patients-with-hypertension-and-gastric-cancer-surgery-retraction
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 2113 in vol. 8.].
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918848/a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-intraoperative-radiotherapy-for-early-breast-cancer-does-age-matter
#16
A M Abbott, S A Valente, L Loftus, R D Tendulkar, J M Greif, K P Bethke, E D Donnelly, C Lottich, D L Ross, N B Friedman, C G Bedi, J E Joh, P Kelemen, R A Hoefer, S K Kang, J Ruffer, A Police, A Fyles, G M Graves, S C Willey, E A Tousimis, W Small, J Lyons, S Grobmyer, C Laronga
BACKGROUND: Single-session intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) minimizes treatment demands associated with traditional whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT) but outcomes on local disease control and morbidity among the elderly is limited. METHODS: A multi-institutional retrospective registry was established from 19 centers utilizing IORT from 2007 to 2013. Patient, tumor, and treatment variables were analyzed for ages <70 and ≥70. RESULTS: We evaluated 686 patients (<70 = 424; ≥70 = 262) who were margin and lymph node negative...
October 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918177/photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-literature-review-of-existing-protocols
#17
REVIEW
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a serious public health issue. Apart from its high rate of prevalence, incidence and mortality, it can often result in more complex and expensive treatment when diagnosed late. Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) can precede oral cancer, and are usually treated by surgical excision. However, in many cases patients are elderly and multiple interventions may be required. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a simple alternative, which has been successfully used in the treatment of oral PMDs...
September 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917334/-checkpoint-inhibitors-the-perspectives-for-elderly-patients
#18
Thierry Landre, Fatima Karaoud, Cherifa Taleb
The arrival of new immunotherapies, called checkpoint inhibitors, is radically changing the world of oncology. Currently, there are some twenty different cancers which may respond to this type of therapy. It is therefore important that professionals involved in the care of elderly people with cancer are already made aware of these new treatments. This article explains how these checkpoint inhibitors work and describes their efficacy and their toxicity for elderly patients.
September 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905483/lung-cancer-in-young-women-in-southern-sweden-a-descriptive-study
#19
Ildikó Fritz, Håkan Olsson
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer, a common malignancy and cause of cancer-related deaths, is strongly linked to several environmental exposures, and thus primarily affects the elderly. Formerly a man's disease, its incidence is rising among women, and lung cancer is now more common in women than men in Sweden. Women are particularly over-represented among young patients. While overall cancer mortality in Europe is decreasing, female lung cancer mortality is increasing. OBJECTIVES: We describe the epidemiological presentation of lung cancer in young Swedish women, aiming to pinpoint its risk factors for young women...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904918/evaluation-of-genetic-polymorphisms-in-glutathione-s-transferase-theta1-glutathione-s-transferase-mu1-and-glutathione-s-transferase-mu3-in-oral-leukoplakia-and-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-deleterious-habits-using-polymerase-chain-reaction
#20
Ayyagari Kameswara Rao, Peela Parameswar, Sumit Majumdar, Divya Uppala, Sreekanth Kotina, Naga Himabindu Vennamaneni
CONTEXT: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most common cancer in the world. As per previous studies, most patients who develop oral cancer are elderly males who are heavy users of tobacco and alcohol; however, the incidence is increasing in younger individuals and in those who neither smoke nor drink. Many of the genes that code for the detoxification enzymes are polymorphic with abnormal activity profiles. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of development of oral leukoplakia (OLP) and OSCC in glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms genes in the east coast of Andhra Pradesh population with tobacco consumption habit and habit-free controls using polymerase chain reaction (PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism)...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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