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Cardiovascular disease glycemic index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#1
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415103/p673improvement-of-arterial-stiffness-and-myocardial-deformation-in-patients-with-poorly-controlled-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-after-optimization-of-antidiabetic-medication
#2
I Ikonomidis, G Pavlidis, V Lambadiari, F Kousathana, H Triantafyllidi, M Varoudi, D Vlastos, S Vlachos, G Dimitriadis, J Lekakis
Background: Arterial stiffness is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to investigate the arterial stiffness and myocardial deformation in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 2 before and after glycemic control by optimal medication. Methods: In 50 patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes(age:52±10years)and 25 controls of similar age and sex and no atherosclerotic risk factors we measured at baseline and 6 months after glycemic control a) carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity(PWVc m/sec-Complior SP ALAM),central systolic blood pressure(cSBP -mmHg),augmentation index(AI%), of the aortic pulse wave(ArteriographTensioMed) b)S',E'(m/sec)andE'/A'of mitral annulus by Tissue Doppler c)LV longitudinal strain(GLS-%),systolic(LongSr-l/sec)and diastolic(LongSrE-l/sec)strain rate, twisting(Tw-deg),peak twisting(Tw)and untwisting(unTw-deg/sec)velocity using speckle tracking echocardiography...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404579/glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Charlotte El Evans, Darren C Greenwood, Diane E Threapleton, Chris P Gale, Christine L Cleghorn, Victoria J Burley
Background: High blood pressure is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease.Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in healthy individuals.Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was carried out. Databases were searched for eligible RCTs in 2 phases. MEDLINE, Embase, CAB Abstracts, BIOSIS, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched from January 1990 to December 2009...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346567/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-mediterranean-diet-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinici-trial
#4
G Misciagna, M Del Pilar Díaz, D V Caramia, C Bonfiglio, I Franco, M R Noviello, M Chiloiro, D I Abbrescia, A Mirizzi, M Tanzi, M G Caruso, M Correale, R Reddavide, R Inguaggiato, A M Cisternino, A R Osella
INTRODUCTION: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of liver disease worldwide affecting all ages and ethnic groups and it has become a consistent threat even in young people. Our aim was to estimate the effect of a Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet (LGIMD) on the NAFLD score as measured by a Liver Ultrasonography (LUS). DESIGN: NUTRIzione in EPAtologia (NUTRIEPA) is a population-based Double-Blind RCT. Data were collected in 2011 and analyzed in 2013-14...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338608/impact-of-high-carbohydrate-diet-on-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Chan-Hee Jung, Kyung Mook Choi
In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), whether dietary carbohydrates have beneficial or detrimental effects on cardiometabolic risk factors has drawn attention. Although a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet and a low-carbohydrate (LC) diet have gained popularity for several decades, there is scarce review focusing on the effects of HC diet on glucose, lipids and body weight in patients with T2DM. In this review, we examined recently-published literature on the effects of HC diets on metabolic parameters in T2DM...
March 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304147/relation-of-dietary-carbohydrates-intake-to-circulating-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#6
Mengna Huang, Jinjie Liu, Xiaochen Lin, Atsushi Goto, Yiqing Song, Lesley F Tinker, Kei-Hang Katie Chan, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been shown to be a direct and strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hormone-dependent cancers, although the relation between various aspects of dietary carbohydrates and SHBG levels remains unexplored in population studies. METHODS: Among postmenopausal women with available SHBG measurements at baseline (n = 11,159) in the Women's Health Initiative, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of total dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), fiber, sugar, and various carbohydrate-abundant foods in relation to circulating SHBG using multiple linear regressions adjusting for potential covariates...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301988/the-influence-of-lipid-and-proinflammatory-status-on-maternal-uterine-blood-flow-in-women-with-late-onset-gestational-diabetes
#7
Fernando Bugatto, Rocío Quintero-Prado, Francisco M Visiedo, José M Vilar-Sánchez, Alejandro Figueroa-Quiñones, Cristina López-Tinoco, Rafael Torrejón, José L Bartha
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased proinflammatory cytokines and is also associated with adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes later in life. We aim to evaluate the relationships between uterine arteries vascularization and endothelial dysfunction markers, proinflammatory cytokines, and glycemic and lipid profile in women with GDM. METHODS: Fifty pregnant women were recruited at the third trimester of pregnancy for a prospective cohort study...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270891/visit-to-visit-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-variability-is-an-independent-determinant-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Akiko Takenouchi, Ayaka Tsuboi, Kaori Kitaoka, Satomi Minato, Miki Kurata, Keisuke Fukuo, Tsutomu Kazumi
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrated that visit-to-visit variability in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events in subjects with coronary artery disease. Whether visit-to-visit variability in LDLC levels affects subclinical atherosclerosis is unknown. This study sought to evaluate the role of visit-to-visit variability in LDLC levels on subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: We evaluated 162 type 2 diabetic patients with measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258906/association-between-subclinical-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-and-glycemic-control-in-asymptomatic-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-preserved-left-ventricular-function
#9
Giacomo Zoppini, Corinna Bergamini, Stefano Bonapace, Andrea Rossi, Maddalena Trombetta, Alessandro Mantovani, Anna Toffalini, Laura Lanzoni, Lorenzo Bertolini, Luciano Zenari, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is strongly associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, especially heart failure. Some studies have suggested that subclinical systolic dysfunction as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is already present in uncomplicated diabetic patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Considering the importance of this aspect, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between glycated hemoglobin and mean s' wave velocity (a reliable measure of early LV systolic dysfunction) in a cohort of type 2 diabetic outpatients with preserved LVEF and without ischemic heart disease...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220621/a-low-prevalence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-is-associated-to-decreased-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Enric Serra-Planas, Eva Aguilera, Laura Castro, Raúl Rodríguez, Isabel Salinas, Anna Lucas, Clara Joaquín, Rocio Puig, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. This study evaluated the prevalence of NAFLD in a cohort of Type 1 Diabetic (T1D) patients and its potential relationship with subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which 100 T1D patients (39.4 ± 7.8 years, 54% male, all Caucasian, disease duration 21.7 ± 8.6 years, HbA1c 8.1 ± 1.0 % (64.2 ± 7...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217508/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-type-2-diabetes-and-impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-glycemic-control
#11
Javid Ahmad Malik, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Sheikh Shoib
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two interacting epidemics both with high prevalence and morbidity. Both epidemiologic and clinical studies suggest that the majority of patients with T2DM also have OSA and untreated OSA in these patients results in poor glycemic control leading to acceleration of diabetes-related complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and severity of OSA in T2DM patients and to assess the impact of OSA treatment on presenting symptoms and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184166/canagliflozin-improves-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Michael J Davies, Katherine W Merton, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, Dainius A Balis, Mehul Desai
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome refers to a collection of risk factors associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, improves glycemic control and reduces body weight and blood pressure (BP) in a broad range of patients with T2DM. This post hoc analysis assessed the effects of canagliflozin on the components of metabolic syndrome in patients with T2DM and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from 2 head-to-head studies of canagliflozin in patients with T2DM on background metformin versus glimepiride (study 1) and background metformin plus sulfonylurea versus sitagliptin 100 mg (study 2)...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179225/influence-of-temperate-subtropical-and-tropical-fruit-consumption-on-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-an-asian-population
#13
Derrick Johnston Alperet, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Rob M van Dam
Background: Findings on the relation between fruit consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been inconsistent.Objectives: We examined whether the consumption of total, temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruit is associated with T2DM risk and whether differences in the carbohydrate quality of fruit influence T2DM risk in Asians.Design: We included 45,411 participants in the Singapore Chinese Health Study who were 45-74 y old and had no diabetes, cancer, or cardiovascular disease at recruitment (1993-1998)...
March 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146277/dietary-guidance-for-pulses-the-challenge-and-opportunity-to-be-part-of-both-the-vegetable-and-protein-food-groups
#14
REVIEW
Stefanie Havemeier, Jennifer Erickson, Joanne Slavin
Pulses are a dry, edible variety of beans, peas, and lentils that have been consumed for 10,000 years. Pulses are rich in plant-based protein and fiber, as well as micronutrients such as iron and potassium. The satiating effect of both fiber and protein assists in managing weight and combating obesity. The high fiber content and low glycemic index of pulses aid people with diabetes in maintaining blood glucose and insulin levels. Pulse consumption may improve serum lipid levels to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065769/habitual-and-recent-sleep-durations-graded-and-interactive-risk-for-impaired-glycemic-control-in-a-biracial-population
#15
Donald L Bliwise, Sophia A Greer, Michael K Scullin, Lawrence S Phillips
BACKGROUND: We examined how habitual sleep duration interacts with recent sleep (2 nights) to predict morning oral glucose tolerance test results. We hypothesized that short habitual and recent sleep durations would be additive for poor glucose control. METHODS: A biracial population of adults (n = 1559) without known diabetes and recruited from the workforce of 2 urban universities was assessed for glycated hemoglobin and underwent oral glucose tolerance testing...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005914/the-association-of-bread-and-rice-with-metabolic-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#16
Mahdieh Akhoundan, Zhaleh Shadman, Parisa Jandaghi, Maryam Aboeerad, Bagher Larijani, Zahra Jamshidi, Hamidreza Ardalani, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
PURPOSE: Carbohydrates are shown to have an important role in blood glucose control, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases risk. This is even more challenging when considering populations consuming refined grains diets. Bread and rice are staple foods which supply main proportion of Iranian calorie intake. This study was designed to investigate the effect of bread and rice intake on blood glucose control, lipid profile and anthropometric measurements in Iranian type 2 diabetic patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#17
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919218/a-glycemic-threshold-of-90-mg-dl-promotes-early-signs-of-atherosclerosis-in-apparetly-healthy-overweight-obese-subjects
#18
Marco Matteo Ciccone, Francesca Cortese, Michele Gesualdo, Ilaria Donvito, Santa Carbonara, Giovanni De Pergola
BACKGROUND: Alterations of glucose metabolism represent well known risk factors for the atherosclerotic process and then for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between fasting glucose and early signs of atherosclerosis, by means of carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT) in a population of apparently healthy overweight/obese subjects. In addition, we evaluated the possible existence of a glycemic threshold above which the risk of atherosclerosis significantly increases...
December 5, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895622/serum-zn-cu-ratio-is-associated-with-renal-function-glycemic-control-and-metabolic-parameters-in-japanese-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Hidetaka Hamasaki, Yu Kawashima, Hidekatsu Yanai
BACKGROUND: Zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and diabetic complications by mediating oxidative stress. Both Zn deficiency and excess of Cu are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the relationships between serum Zn/Cu ratio and glycemic status, renal function, and metabolic parameters in patients with and without type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 355 subjects (149 type 2 diabetic and 206 non-diabetic) in whom serum Zn and Cu levels were measured at the same time...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807924/effect-modification-in-the-association-between-glycated-haemoglobin-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Sanne N van Munster, Yolanda van der Graaf, Harold W de Valk, Frank L J Visseren, Jan Westerink
AIM: To identify patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who may benefit from lower or higher glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) targets, based on readily available patient characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with T2D were included in the present study from the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease (SMART) cohort. Several patient characteristics were evaluated for effect modification in the relationship between HbA1c and cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, using multiplicative interaction analyses and stratified Cox proportional hazard analyses...
March 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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