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Cardiovascular disease glycemic index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792710/effects-of-passive-smoking-on-glycemic-parameters-and-lipid-profiles-in-a-chinese-female-population
#1
Lijuan Gu, Jing Li, Gui Pan, Xiaojun Zhou, Jianmin Zhang, Xiaoyang Lai, Jianping Liu
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of exposure to second-hand cigarette smoke on glucose and lipid parameters in women and the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this prospective community-based study, we examined the effects of passive smoking on glycemic parameters and lipid profiles in a Chinese female population. METHODS: Of 3197 healthy women enrolled (30 - 75 years), 2082 self-reported passive exposure to smoke (≥ 15 minutes/day, 3 days/week, > 1 year) and 1115 had no smoke exposure (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737688/canadian-potential-healthcare-and-societal-cost-savings-from-consumption-of-pulses-a-cost-of-illness-analysis
#2
Mohammad M H Abdullah, Christopher P F Marinangeli, Peter J H Jones, Jared G Carlberg
Consumption of dietary pulses, including beans, peas and lentils, is recommended by health authorities across jurisdictions for their nutritional value and effectiveness in helping to prevent and manage major diet-related illnesses of significant socioeconomic burden. The aim of this study was to estimate the potential annual healthcare and societal cost savings relevant to rates of reduction in complications from type 2 diabetes (T2D) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) following a low glycemic index (GI) or high fiber diet that includes pulses, or 100 g/day pulse intake in Canada, respectively...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716522/exercise-individualized-by-trimpi-method-reduces-arterial-stiffness-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-aerobic-interval-training
#3
Alfonso Bellia, Ferdinando Iellamo, Elisa De Carli, Aikaterini Andreadi, Elvira Padua, Mauro Lombardo, Giuseppe Annino, Francesca Campoli, Sara Tartaglione, Stefano D'Ottavio, David Della-Morte, Davide Lauro
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are subclinical markers of vascular diseases in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We evaluated the effects of aerobic interval training (AIT), with loads prescribed according to individual heart rate and lactate profiling obtained during a baseline treadmill test (TRIMPi method), on AS and BRS in patients with early-onset T2D without cardiovascular complications. POPULATION STUDY AND METHODS: Twenty-two sedentary overweight T2D patients (aged 57±7years) were randomized to 12-weeks open-label of supervised AIT by TRIMPi (n=8) or unsupervised physical activity as per usual care (SOC) (n=11)...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713663/correlation-between-glycated-hemoglobin-and-triglyceride-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Syeda Naqvi, Shabnam Naveed, Zeeshan Ali, Syed Masroor Ahmad, Raad Asadullah Khan, Honey Raj, Shoaib Shariff, Chintan Rupareliya, Fatima Zahra, Saba Khan
CONTEXT: Dyslipidemia is quite prevalent in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Maintaining tight glycemic along with lipid control plays an essential role in preventing micro- and macro-vascular complications associated with diabetes. PURPOSE: The main purpose of the study was to highlight the relationship between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and triglyceride levels. This may in turn help in predicting the triglyceride status of type 2 diabetics and therefore identifying patients at increased risk from cardiovascular events...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694393/turkish-assessment-of-surf-survey-of-risk-factor-management-study-control-rates-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-derived-from-databases-of-15-different-levels-of-health-centers-in-turkey
#5
Lale Tokgözoğlu, Aytekin Oğuz, Mustafa Kemal Balcı, Ahmet Temizhan, Esma Güldal Altunoğlu, Osman Bektaş, Güler Aslan, Özgün Iyigün, Ahmet Kara, Handan Tanrıverdi Pınar, Saffet Yavuz, Murat Tekin, Saffet Ercan, Selda Çelik, Özlem Sezgin Meriçliler, İrem Bozkurt Çakır
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to recommendations for secondary prevention and the achievement of treatment targets for the control of risk factors in patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) who were followed-up at various healthcare facilities in Turkey. METHODS: According to the protocol of the international Survey of Risk Factor Management study, questionnaire forms were completed and demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory data of CHD patients who were followed-up at a total of 15 selected primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare centers were recorded...
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579495/healthy-lifestyle-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-in-young-and-healthy-adults-a-population-based-study
#6
Philipp Krisai, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Francisco Javier Ruperti Repilado, Tobias Schoen, Andreas Reusser, Manuel Meier, John Todd, Joel Estis, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, David Conen
A healthy lifestyle is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, but underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationships between a healthy lifestyle and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin hormone with both glycemic and cardiovascular properties. Healthy participants aged 25-41years without cardiovascular disease, diabetes or a body mass index (BMI) >35kg/m(2) were enrolled in a population-based study. The following metrics were used to build a lifestyle score ranging from 0 to 7 (a higher score indicating a healthier lifestyle): blood pressure (BP) (<120/80mmHg), plasma levels of glycated hemoglobin (<5...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559599/the-development-of-low-glycemic-index-cookie-bars-from-foxtail-millet-setaria-italica-arrowroot-maranta-arundinacea-flour-and-kidney-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris
#7
Lily Arsanti Lestari, Emy Huriyati, Yustinus Marsono
Wholegrain foods are becoming increasingly popular as a high fiber dietary supplement recommended for people with diabetes. In Indonesia, the incidence of diabetes mellitus has almost doubled recently and poses a significant health risk with the high prevalence of obesity and cardiovascular diseases. The present research aimed to develop cookie bars from foxtail millet, arrowroot flour, and kidney beans. The physical, chemical, and sensory properties were evaluated by selecting the best formula to test the glycemic index...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511905/hemorheological-alterations-in-adults-with-prediabetes-identified-by-hemoglobin-a1c-levels
#8
M A Marini, T V Fiorentino, F Andreozzi, G C Mannino, E Succurro, A Sciacqua, F Perticone, G Sesti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A link between increased blood viscosity and type 2 diabetes has been previously reported. Herein, we investigated the association of blood viscosity with prediabetes, identified by glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) according to the new American Diabetes Association criteria, and subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort includes 1136 non-diabetic adults submitted to anthropometrical evaluation, an oral glucose tolerance test and ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
April 21, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507727/correlation-between-hemoglobin-a1c-and-serum-lipid-profile-in-afghani-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-hemoglobin-a1c-prognosticates-dyslipidemia
#9
Arshad Hussain, Iftikhar Ali, Muhammad Ijaz, Afaq Rahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased prevalence of dyslipidemia, which contributes to their high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This study is an attempt to determine the correlation between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and serum lipid profile and to evaluate the importance of HbA1c as an indicator of dyslipidemia in Afghani patients with T2DM. METHODS: A total of 401 Afghani patients with T2DM (men, 175; women, 226; mean age, 51...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447480/predictive-and-explanatory-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-people-with-adequately-controlled-type-2-diabetes
#10
Nahid Hashemi Madani, Faramarz Ismail-Beigi, Mohammad E Khamseh, Mojtaba Malek, Ameneh Ebrahimi Valojerdi
Aims To explore the predictive and explanatory factors on the incidence of cardiovascular disease and the impact of visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of risk factors on incident cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes with no history of prior cardiovascular disease. Methods We performed a historical cohort study (2008-2011) on 481 people with type 2 diabetes and no history of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular risk factors were assessed at baseline and repeatedly during follow-up. The predictive analysis included the variables at enrollment, and explanatory analyses were based on mean of the variables measured repeatedly...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446494/effects-of-the-mean-amplitude-of-glycemic-excursions-and-vascular-endothelial-dysfunction-on-cardiovascular-events-in-nondiabetic-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Tomonori Akasaka, Daisuke Sueta, Noriaki Tabata, Seiji Takashio, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Kenichi Tsujita, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Kunihiko Matsui, Seiji Hokimoto
BACKGROUND: Mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE) is commonly used to gauge the degree of glucose level fluctuations. MAGE plays a significant role in vascular endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), but its significance is not clear in non-DM patients. Thus, we examined the impact of MAGE and vascular endothelial dysfunction on clinical outcomes in non-DM patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed non-DM patients (n=65) for 12 months who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and assessed the relationship among MAGE, reactive hyperemia index (RHI) measured by reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry as endothelial function, and cardiovascular events...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439380/cardiovascular-disease-incidence-and-risk-factor-patterns-among-omanis-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Abdul Hakeem Al Rawahi, Patricia Lee, Zaher A M Al Anqoudi, Ahmed Al Busaidi, Muna Al Rabaani, Faisal Al Mahrouqi, Ahmed M Al Busaidi
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Its incidence and risk factor patterns vary widely across different diabetic populations. This study aims to assess the incidence and risk factor patterns of CVD events among Omanis with T2DM. METHODS: A sample of 2 039 patients with T2DM from a primary care setting, who were free of CVD at beseline (2009-2010) were involved in a retrospective cohort study...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#13
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415103/p673improvement-of-arterial-stiffness-and-myocardial-deformation-in-patients-with-poorly-controlled-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-after-optimization-of-antidiabetic-medication
#14
I Ikonomidis, G Pavlidis, V Lambadiari, F Kousathana, H Triantafyllidi, M Varoudi, D Vlastos, S Vlachos, G Dimitriadis, J Lekakis
Background: Arterial stiffness is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to investigate the arterial stiffness and myocardial deformation in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 2 before and after glycemic control by optimal medication. Methods: In 50 patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes(age:52±10years)and 25 controls of similar age and sex and no atherosclerotic risk factors we measured at baseline and 6 months after glycemic control a) carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity(PWVc m/sec-Complior SP ALAM),central systolic blood pressure(cSBP -mmHg),augmentation index(AI%), of the aortic pulse wave(ArteriographTensioMed) b)S',E'(m/sec)andE'/A'of mitral annulus by Tissue Doppler c)LV longitudinal strain(GLS-%),systolic(LongSr-l/sec)and diastolic(LongSrE-l/sec)strain rate, twisting(Tw-deg),peak twisting(Tw)and untwisting(unTw-deg/sec)velocity using speckle tracking echocardiography...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404579/glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Charlotte El Evans, Darren C Greenwood, Diane E Threapleton, Chris P Gale, Christine L Cleghorn, Victoria J Burley
Background: High blood pressure is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease.Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in healthy individuals.Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was carried out. Databases were searched for eligible RCTs in 2 phases. MEDLINE, Embase, CAB Abstracts, BIOSIS, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched from January 1990 to December 2009...
May 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346567/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-mediterranean-diet-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinici-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Misciagna, M Del Pilar Díaz, D V Caramia, C Bonfiglio, I Franco, M R Noviello, M Chiloiro, D I Abbrescia, A Mirizzi, M Tanzi, M G Caruso, M Correale, R Reddavide, R Inguaggiato, A M Cisternino, A R Osella
INTRODUCTION: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of liver disease worldwide affecting all ages and ethnic groups and it has become a consistent threat even in young people. Our aim was to estimate the effect of a Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet (LGIMD) on the NAFLD score as measured by a Liver Ultrasonography (LUS). DESIGN: NUTRIzione in EPAtologia (NUTRIEPA) is a population-based Double-Blind RCT. Data were collected in 2011 and analyzed in 2013-14...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338608/impact-of-high-carbohydrate-diet-on-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Chan-Hee Jung, Kyung Mook Choi
In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), whether dietary carbohydrates have beneficial or detrimental effects on cardiometabolic risk factors has drawn attention. Although a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet and a low-carbohydrate (LC) diet have gained popularity for several decades, there is scarce review focusing on the effects of HC diet on glucose, lipids and body weight in patients with T2DM. In this review, we examined recently-published literature on the effects of HC diets on metabolic parameters in T2DM...
March 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304147/relation-of-dietary-carbohydrates-intake-to-circulating-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#18
Mengna Huang, Jinjie Liu, Xiaochen Lin, Atsushi Goto, Yiqing Song, Lesley F Tinker, Kei-Hang Katie Chan, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been shown to be a direct and strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hormone-dependent cancers, although the relation between various aspects of dietary carbohydrates and SHBG levels remains unexplored in population studies. METHODS: Among postmenopausal women with available SHBG measurements at baseline (n = 11,159) in the Women's Health Initiative, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of total dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), fiber, sugar, and various carbohydrate-abundant foods in relation to circulating SHBG using multiple linear regressions adjusting for potential covariates...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301988/the-influence-of-lipid-and-proinflammatory-status-on-maternal-uterine-blood-flow-in-women-with-late-onset-gestational-diabetes
#19
Fernando Bugatto, Rocío Quintero-Prado, Francisco M Visiedo, José M Vilar-Sánchez, Alejandro Figueroa-Quiñones, Cristina López-Tinoco, Rafael Torrejón, José L Bartha
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased proinflammatory cytokines and is also associated with adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes later in life. We aim to evaluate the relationships between uterine arteries vascularization and endothelial dysfunction markers, proinflammatory cytokines, and glycemic and lipid profile in women with GDM. METHODS: Fifty pregnant women were recruited at the third trimester of pregnancy for a prospective cohort study...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270891/visit-to-visit-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-variability-is-an-independent-determinant-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Akiko Takenouchi, Ayaka Tsuboi, Kaori Kitaoka, Satomi Minato, Miki Kurata, Keisuke Fukuo, Tsutomu Kazumi
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrated that visit-to-visit variability in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events in subjects with coronary artery disease. Whether visit-to-visit variability in LDLC levels affects subclinical atherosclerosis is unknown. This study sought to evaluate the role of visit-to-visit variability in LDLC levels on subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: We evaluated 162 type 2 diabetic patients with measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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