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Cardiovascular disease glycemic index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139081/liraglutide-improves-cardiovascular-risk-as-an-add-on-to-metformin-and-not-to-insulin-secretagogues-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-real-life-48-month-retrospective-study
#1
Alessandro Ciresi, Enrica Vigneri, Stefano Radellini, Felicia Pantò, Carla Giordano
INTRODUCTION: Although liraglutide is widely recognized to have glycemic and extra-glycemic effects, few studies have compared these effects in relation to hypoglycemic treatment starting from the diagnosis of diabetes. We evaluated the effectiveness of liraglutide in reducing the Framingham risk score (FRS) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) in relation to first-line hypoglycemic treatment from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, continued without any changes. METHODS: We selected 105 diabetic outpatients who were treated with liraglutide for at least 48 months as an add-on therapy to metformin alone (group A, n = 52) or insulin secretagogues (group B, n = 53) from diagnosis time...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133011/aging-affects-the-response-of-female-rats-to-a-hypercaloric-diet
#2
B D Arbo, G Niches, P Zanini, D M Bassuino, D Driemeier, M F Ribeiro, A L Cecconello
Metabolic syndrome is a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, among other conditions. Studies have shown that aging and metabolic syndrome share several metabolic alterations, and that aged individuals, in particular females, are at an increased risk of developing metabolic disorders. Although several studies have investigated the effects of hypercaloric diets in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome in young animals, few studies have investigated these parameters in aged animals, especially in females...
November 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070829/hemoglobin-a1c-and-c-reactive-protein-are-independently-associated-with-blunted-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-in-obesity-related-prediabetes
#3
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Graziela Z Kalil, Christopher J Wagner, Amy L Sindler, Jess G Fiedorowicz, Tiwaloluwa Ajibewa, William G Haynes, Gary L Pierce
Blunted nocturnal dipping in blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in middle-aged/older adults. The prevalence of blunted nocturnal BP dipping is higher in persons with obesity and diabetes, conditions that are also associated with elevated aortic stiffness and inflammation. Therefore, we hypothesized that elevated glycemia, inflammation and aortic stiffness would be inversely associated with the magnitude of nocturnal systolic BP dipping among middle-aged/older adults with obesity at high CVD risk...
October 26, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065729/factors-associated-with-stroke-myocardial-infarction-ischemic-heart-disease-unstable-angina-or-mortality-in-patients-from-real-world-clinical-practice-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-and-early-glycemic-control
#4
Carlos I Alatorre, Byron J Hoogwerf, Mark A Deeg, David R Nelson, Theresa M Hunter, Wee Teck Ng, Mark D Rekhter
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), all-cause mortality, or a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD) or unstable angina (UA), among patients newly-diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with no recent history of cardiovascular (CV) events who rapidly achieve and maintain HbA1c ≤8.0%. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) from January 1990 to December 2012...
October 24, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063379/dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
M Carolina Archundia Herrera, Fatheema B Subhan, Catherine B Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to identify dietary patterns with beneficial effects on cardiovascular health of adults with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. People with diabetes have a greater risk for cardiovascular disease. Mediterranean diet, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, vegetarian diet, traditional Korean diet, Japanese diet, and low-glycemic-index diet can reduce cardiovascular disease risk in people with diabetes...
October 23, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958804/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-diet-versus-a-high-cereal-fiber-diet-on-markers-of-subclinical-cardiac-injury-in-healthy-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-randomized-dietary-trial
#6
Vanessa Ha, Effie Viguiliouk, Cyril W C Kendall, Bashyam Balachandran, David J A Jenkins, Peter A Kavsak, John L Sievenpiper
BACKGROUND: Markers of subclinical cardiac injury are elevated in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to healthy individuals. Low glycemic index (LGI) diets may improve both diabetes and cardiovascular risk but their effects on cardiac injury and fibrosis have not been previously studied. To test the effect of a LGI diet on markers of subclinical cardiac injury and fibrosis, we assessed the effect of a LGI compared with a high-cereal fiber diet on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and galectin-3 in otherwise healthy individuals with T2DM in an exploratory analysis of a completed randomized trial...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956823/sugar-and-intense-sweetened-drinks-in-australia-a-systematic-review-on-cardiometabolic-risk
#7
REVIEW
Erin Hoare, Pia Varsamis, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Garry L Jennings, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are consumed globally, and have been associated with adverse health outcomes, including weight gain, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is global variation in beverage formulation in terms of glucose and fructose concentration, which may pose unique health risks linked to glycemic control for Australian consumers. However, previous systematic reviews have overlooked Australian-based literature. A systematic review was performed to synthesise evidence for the associations between consumption of SSBs and intense-sweetened beverages with clinical cardiometabolic risk factors in the Australian population...
September 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956359/metabolic-surgery-in-korea-what-to-consider-before-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Mi Kyung Kim, Yoonseok Heo
Obesity is increasing globally and represents a significant global health problem because it predisposes towards various diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, degenerative joint disease, and certain types of cancer. Numerous studies have shown that bariatric surgery reduces body mass and ameliorates obesity-related complications, such as hypertension and hyperglycemia, suggesting that surgery is the most effective therapeutic option for severely obese and obese diabetic patients...
September 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951062/talinum-triangulare-whole-wheat-meal-fortified-with-soy-flour-consumed-with-talinum-triangulare-gbure-soup-glycemic-index-and-the-test-human-subjects-lipid-profiles
#9
Sunday Adeola Emaleku, Olusola D Omueti, Godsent Oluwakemi Emaleku
AIM: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are some of the leading causes of death in the world, and diet has roles in their etiology. This research study therefore investigates the glycemic index (GI) of soy flour fortified whole wheat meal (SFFWWM) consumed with Talinum triangulare (gbure) soup and the effects of the meal on the lipid profiles of the test human subjects. METHODS: The control human subjects and test human subjects were fed D-glucose (DG) and whole wheat meal (WWM) with Talinum triangulare soup respectively on the first day of the experiment, and SFFWWM with the same soup the next day (for test subjects only) after 10-12h overnight fasting...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902144/implementing-low-cost-community-based-exercise-programs-for-middle-aged-and-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-what-are-the-benefits-for-glycemic-control-and-cardiovascular-risk
#10
Romeu Mendes, Nelson Sousa, Victor Machado Reis, Jose Luis Themudo-Barata
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a long-term, community-based, combined exercise program developed with low-cost exercise strategies on glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged and older patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants (n = 124; 63.25 ± 7.20 years old) engaged in either a 9-month supervised exercise program (n = 39; consisting of combined aerobic, resistance, agility/balance, and flexibility exercise; three sessions per week; 70 min per session) or a control group (n = 85) who maintained their usual care...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899393/the-mixed-benefit-of-low-lipoprotein-a-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Michel P Hermans, Sylvie A Ahn, Michel F Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), a variant low-density lipoprotein (LDL), is a major genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is unknown whether an inverse relationship exists between Lp(a) and β-cell function (BCF), as for LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering by statins. We therefore assessedthe cardiometabolic phenotype of 340 men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in relation to Lp(a), focusing on BCF and hyperbolic product [BxS], which adjusts BCF to insulin sensitivity and secretion...
September 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874181/effect-of-an-intensive-nutrition-intervention-of-a-high-protein-and-low-glycemic-index-diet-on-weight-of-kidney-transplant-recipients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Elis Forcellini Pedrollo, Bruna Bellincanta Nicoletto, Larissa Salomoni Carpes, Júlia de Melo Cardoso de Freitas, Julia Roberta Buboltz, Cristina Carra Forte, Andrea Carla Bauer, Roberto Ceratti Manfro, Gabriela Corrêa Souza, Cristiane Bauermann Leitão
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight gain is commonly observed within the first year after kidney transplantation and is associated with negative outcomes, such as graft loss and cardiovascular events. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a high protein and low glycemic-index diet on preventing weight gain after kidney transplantation. METHODS: We designed a prospective, single-center, open-label, randomized controlled study to compare the efficacy of a high protein (1...
September 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829247/distinct-predictors-and-comorbidities-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-asian-indians
#13
Gadadharan Vijayakumar, Ganapathy K Sreehari, Aswathi Vijayakumar, Abdul Jaleel
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide, and the age of disease onset is falling. Although there is rising prevalence of early onset T2DM in India, little is known about their clinical characteristics and cardiovascular risks profiles. The aim of this study was to address this knowledge gap by comparing the characteristics of early onset T2DM and usual onset T2DM patients from our clinic population in India. METHODS: We studied the clinical and biochemical parameters of 98 consecutive early onset T2DM patients of age <45 and <5 years of disease duration and compared those parameters with 86 consecutive usual onset T2DM patients of age >50 years and similar disease duration...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826840/effectiveness-of-dietetic-consultations-in-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Lana J Mitchell, Lauren E Ball, Lynda J Ross, Katelyn A Barnes, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: A dietetic consultation is a structured process aimed at supporting individual patients to modify their dietary behaviors to improve health outcomes. The body of evidence on the effectiveness of nutrition care provided by dietitians in primary health care settings has not previously been synthesized. This information is important to inform the role of dietitians in primary health care service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of individual consultations provided exclusively by dietitians in primary care to support adult patients to modify dietary intake and improve health outcomes...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814394/dynamics-of-intrapericardial-and-extrapericardial-fat-tissues-during-long-term-dietary-induced-moderate-weight-loss
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gal Tsaban, Arik Wolak, Hila Avni-Hassid, Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Yaakov Henkin, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Lilac Tene, Hila Zelicha, Anat Yaskolka-Meir, Oded Komy, Avital Bilitzky, Yoash Chassidim, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Dror Dicker, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background: In view of evidence linking pericardial fat accumulation with increased cardiovascular disease risk, strategies to reduce its burden are needed. Data comparing the effects of specific long-term dietary interventions on pericardial fat tissue mobilization are sparse.Objective: We sought to evaluate intrapericardial-fat (IPF) and extrapericardial-fat (EPF) changes during weight-loss interventions by different dietary regimens.Design: During 18 mo of a randomized controlled trial, we compared a Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet plus 28 g walnuts/d with a calorically equal low-fat (LF) diet among randomly assigned participants with moderate abdominal obesity...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792710/effects-of-passive-smoking-on-glycemic-parameters-and-lipid-profiles-in-a-chinese-female-population
#16
Lijuan Gu, Jing Li, Gui Pan, Xiaojun Zhou, Jianmin Zhang, Xiaoyang Lai, Jianping Liu
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of exposure to second-hand cigarette smoke on glucose and lipid parameters in women and the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this prospective community-based study, we examined the effects of passive smoking on glycemic parameters and lipid profiles in a Chinese female population. METHODS: Of 3197 healthy women enrolled (30 - 75 years), 2082 self-reported passive exposure to smoke (≥ 15 minutes/day, 3 days/week, > 1 year) and 1115 had no smoke exposure (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737688/canadian-potential-healthcare-and-societal-cost-savings-from-consumption-of-pulses-a-cost-of-illness-analysis
#17
Mohammad M H Abdullah, Christopher P F Marinangeli, Peter J H Jones, Jared G Carlberg
Consumption of dietary pulses, including beans, peas and lentils, is recommended by health authorities across jurisdictions for their nutritional value and effectiveness in helping to prevent and manage major diet-related illnesses of significant socioeconomic burden. The aim of this study was to estimate the potential annual healthcare and societal cost savings relevant to rates of reduction in complications from type 2 diabetes (T2D) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) following a low glycemic index (GI) or high fiber diet that includes pulses, or 100 g/day pulse intake in Canada, respectively...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716522/exercise-individualized-by-trimpi-method-reduces-arterial-stiffness-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-aerobic-interval-training
#18
Alfonso Bellia, Ferdinando Iellamo, Elisa De Carli, Aikaterini Andreadi, Elvira Padua, Mauro Lombardo, Giuseppe Annino, Francesca Campoli, Sara Tartaglione, Stefano D'Ottavio, David Della-Morte, Davide Lauro
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are subclinical markers of vascular diseases in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We evaluated the effects of aerobic interval training (AIT), with loads prescribed according to individual heart rate and lactate profiling obtained during a baseline treadmill test (TRIMPi method), on AS and BRS in patients with early-onset T2D without cardiovascular complications. POPULATION STUDY AND METHODS: Twenty-two sedentary overweight T2D patients (aged 57±7years) were randomized to 12-weeks open-label of supervised AIT by TRIMPi (n=8) or unsupervised physical activity as per usual care (SOC) (n=11)...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713663/correlation-between-glycated-hemoglobin-and-triglyceride-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Syeda Naqvi, Shabnam Naveed, Zeeshan Ali, Syed Masroor Ahmad, Raad Asadullah Khan, Honey Raj, Shoaib Shariff, Chintan Rupareliya, Fatima Zahra, Saba Khan
CONTEXT: Dyslipidemia is quite prevalent in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Maintaining tight glycemic along with lipid control plays an essential role in preventing micro- and macro-vascular complications associated with diabetes. PURPOSE: The main purpose of the study was to highlight the relationship between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and triglyceride levels. This may in turn help in predicting the triglyceride status of type 2 diabetics and therefore identifying patients at increased risk from cardiovascular events...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694393/turkish-assessment-of-surf-survey-of-risk-factor-management-study-control-rates-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-derived-from-databases-of-15-different-levels-of-health-centers-in-turkey
#20
Lale Tokgözoğlu, Aytekin Oğuz, Mustafa Kemal Balcı, Ahmet Temizhan, Esma Güldal Altunoğlu, Osman Bektaş, Güler Aslan, Özgün Iyigün, Ahmet Kara, Handan Tanrıverdi Pınar, Saffet Yavuz, Murat Tekin, Saffet Ercan, Selda Çelik, Özlem Sezgin Meriçliler, İrem Bozkurt Çakır
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to recommendations for secondary prevention and the achievement of treatment targets for the control of risk factors in patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) who were followed-up at various healthcare facilities in Turkey. METHODS: According to the protocol of the international Survey of Risk Factor Management study, questionnaire forms were completed and demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory data of CHD patients who were followed-up at a total of 15 selected primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare centers were recorded...
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
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