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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633615/experts-opinion-on-manual-wheelchair-adjustments-for-adults-with-diabetes
#1
Sophie-Anne Scherrer, Joelle Chu Yu Chee, Nhi Vu, Patrice Lu, Michelle Ishack, Philippe S Archambault
Diabetes is a global health concern that can lead to mobility limitations necessitating a wheelchair. However, there are currently no guidelines for wheelchair adjustments tailored to the diabetic population. PURPOSE: To describe relevant manual wheelchair adjustments for adults with diabetes, and to explore how these adjustments apply to populations living in less-resourced countries. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 wheelchair experts from five different countries working with adult with diabetes...
March 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630034/fall-prevention-self-assessments-via-mobile-3d-visualization-technologies-community-dwelling-older-adults-perceptions-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#2
Julian Hamm, Arthur Money, Anita Atwal
BACKGROUND: In the field of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is a prominent preventive strategy used to promote independent living and to identify and alleviate fall risk factors via the provision of assistive equipment within the home environment. Current practice involves the use of paper-based forms that include 2D measurement guidance diagrams that aim to communicate the precise points and dimensions that must be measured in order to make AEPP assessments...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629163/%C3%AE-cyanoalanine-synthases-and-their-possible-role-in-pierid-host-plant-adaptation
#3
Anna-Maria Herfurth, Maike van Ohlen, Ute Wittstock
Cyanide is generated in larvae of the glucosinolate-specialist Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera:Pieridae) upon ingestion of plant material containing phenylalanine-derived glucosinolates as chemical defenses. As these glucosinolates were widespread within ancient Brassicales, the ability to detoxify cyanide may therefore have been essential for the host plant shift of Pierid species from Fabales to Brassicales species giving rise to the Pierinae subfamily. Previous research identified β-cyanoalanine and thiocyanate as products of cyanide detoxification in P...
June 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623923/making-hiv-testing-work-at-the-point-of-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study-of-diagnostic-practices
#4
Nora Engel, Malika Davids, Nadine Blankvoort, Keertan Dheda, Nitika Pant Pai, Madhukar Pai
BACKGROUND: Point of care testing promises to reduce delays in diagnosing and initiating treatment for infectious diseases such as Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In South Africa, decentralized HIV testing with rapid tests offers important lessons for point of care testing programs. Yet, little is known about the strategies of providers and clients to make HIV testing successful in settings short of equipment, human resources and space. We aimed at examining these strategies. METHODS: This paper is based on a larger qualitative study of diagnostic practices across major diseases and actors in homes, clinics, communities, hospitals and laboratories in South Africa...
June 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#5
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614306/photoacoustic-confocal-dermoscope-with-a-waterless-coupling-and-impedance-matching-opto-sono-probe
#6
Haigang Ma, Sihua Yang, Zhongwen Cheng, Da Xing
Recently, intensive research on photoacoustic (PA) imaging has been conducted to accelerate the development of dermoscopy of the human skin. In this Letter, we first developed a PA dermoscope equipped with a waterless coupling and impedance matching opto-sono probe to achieve quantitative, high-resolution, and high-contrast imaging of the human skin. Compared with the commonly used liquid-coupled PA probes, the human-skin-adapted probe can facilitate implementation in the clinical setting. The noninvasive imaging experiments of epidermal and dermal structures in volunteers have been carried out to demonstrate the high imaging quality that can be obtained by using such an opto-sono probe for a PA dermoscope...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611608/coping-style-modifies-general-and-affective-autonomic-reactions-of-domestic-pigs-in-different-behavioral-contexts
#7
Annika Krause, Birger Puppe, Jan Langbein
Based on individual adaptive strategies (coping), animals may react differently to environmental challenges in terms of behavior and physiology according to their emotional perception. Emotional valence as well as arousal may be derived by measuring vagal and sympathetic tone of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). We investigated the situation-dependent autonomic response of 16 domestic pigs with either a reactive or a proactive coping style, previously selected according to the backtest which is accepted in piglets to assess escape behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601213/treatment-of-thoracic-trauma-lessons-from-the-battlefield-adapted-to-all-austere-environments
#8
REVIEW
Lanny F Littlejohn
Severe thoracic trauma in the backcountry can be a formidable injury pattern to successfully treat. Traumatic open, pneumo-, and hemothoraces represent some of the most significant patterns for which advanced equipment and procedures may help leverage morbidity and mortality, particularly when evacuation is delayed and environmental conditions are extreme. This paper reviews the development of successful techniques for treating combat casualties with thoracic trauma, including the use of vented chest seals and the technique of needle thoracentesis...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599164/impact-of-power-morcellator-removal-on-hysterectomy-practice-patterns
#9
Adrianne Wesol, Shauna Woolley
OBJECTIVE: This study was a quality improvement project investigating patterns of hysterectomy practice including changes in surgical techniques and patient outcomes after manufacturer withdrawal of a laparoscopic power morcellator from our hospitals in July 2014. STUDY DESIGN: This time-series pre and post retrospective review examined data from electronic health records, comparing one year when a laparoscopic power morcellator was available (Year 1, mid-2013 to mid-2014) to one year after withdrawal (Year 2, mid-2014 to mid-2015)...
May 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595966/characterization-of-pkac%C3%AE-enzyme-kinetics-and-inhibition-in-an-hplc-assay-with-a-chromophoric-substrate
#10
Nicole M Luzi, Charles E Lyons, Darrell L Peterson, Keith C Ellis
Here we describe a convenient, inexpensive, and non-hazardous method for the measurement of the kinase activity of the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKACα). The assay is based on the separation of a substrate peptide labeled with a strong chromophore from the phosphorylated product peptide by high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) and quantification of the product ratiometrically at a wavelength in the visual spectrum (Vis). The utility and reliability of the HPLC-Vis assay were demonstrated by characterizing the kinetic parameters (KM, Vmax) of the new Rh-MAB-Kemptide substrate, a commercially prepared TAMRA-Kemptide substrate, and ATP as well as the potency (IC50, Ki) of the known PKACα inhibitors H89 and PKI(5-24)...
June 5, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587602/health-care-workers-indicate-ill-preparedness-for-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-ashanti-region-of-ghana
#11
Augustina Angelina Annan, Denis Dekugmen Yar, Michael Owusu, Eno Akua Biney, Paa Kobina Forson, Portia Boakye Okyere, Akosua Adumea Gyimah, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
BACKGROUND: The recent Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic that hit some countries in West Africa underscores the need to train front line high-risk health workers on disease prevention skills. Although Ghana did not record (and is yet to) any case, and several health workers have received numerous training schemes, there is no record of any study that assessed preparedness of healthcare workers (HCWS) regarding EVD and any emergency prone disease in Ghana. We therefore conducted a hospital based cross sectional study involving 101 HCWs from two facilities in Kumasi, Ghana to assess the level of preparedness of HCWs to respond to any possible EVD...
June 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585490/in-vivo-portal-imaging-dosimetry-identifies-delivery-errors-in-rectal-cancer-radiotherapy-on-the-belly-board-device
#12
Stefano Peca, Richie Siddhartha Sinha, Derek Wilson Brown, Wendy Lani Smith
PURPOSE: We recently developed a novel, open-source in vivo dosimetry that uses the electronic portal imaging device to detect dose delivery discrepancies. We applied our method on patients with rectal cancer treated on a belly board device. METHODS: In vivo dosimetry was performed on 10 patients with rectal cancer treated prone on the belly board with a 4-field box arrangement. Portal images were acquired approximately once per week from each treatment beam. Our dosimetry method used these images along with the planning CT to reconstruct patient planar dose at isocenter depth...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579472/identifying-environmental-reservoirs-of-clostridium-difficile-with-a-scent-detection-dog-preliminary-evaluation
#13
Elizabeth Bryce, Teresa Zurberg, Markus Zurberg, Salomeh Shajari, Diane Roscoe
BACKGROUND: Prompted by an article describing a dog trained to detect Clostridium difficile in patients, our institution evaluated a dog's ability to detect C. difficile scent from equipment and surfaces to assist in strategic deployment of adjunctive cleaning measures. METHODS: An expert in drug and explosives scent dog handling trained a canine to identify odours from pure cultures and/or faecal specimens positive for C. difficile. Methods used to assess explosive and drug detection dogs were adapted and included evaluation of a) odour recognition, using containers positive and negative for the scent of C...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577278/arena-2-0-the-next-generation-automated-remote-environmental-navigation-apparatus-to-facilitate-cross-species-comparisons-in-behavior-and-cognition
#14
Julia Schroeder, Dennis Garlick, Aaron P Blaisdell
A series of experiments illustrated the effectiveness and flexibility of a newly developed Automated Remote Environmental Navigation Apparatus (ARENA) as an alternative to traditional operant and open-field procedures. This system improves the concept developed by Badelt and Blaisdell (Behavior Research Methods, 40, 613-621, 2008; see also Leising, Garlick, Parenteau, & Blaisdell in Behavioural Processes, 81, 105-113, 2009), with significant upgrades in flexibility and reliability, as well as a reduction in cost...
June 2, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573472/new-nucleic-acid-testing-devices-to-diagnose-infectious-diseases-in-resource-limited-settings
#15
REVIEW
P Maffert, S Reverchon, W Nasser, C Rozand, H Abaibou
Point-of-care diagnosis based on nucleic acid testing aims to incorporate all the analytical steps, from sample preparation to nucleic acid amplification and detection, in a single device. This device needs to provide a low-cost, robust, sensitive, specific, and easily readable analysis. Microfluidics has great potential for handling small volumes of fluids on a single platform. Microfluidic technology has recently been applied to paper, which is already used in low-cost lateral flow tests. Nucleic acid extraction from a biological specimen usually requires cell filtration and lysis on specific membranes, while affinity matrices, such as chitosan or polydiacetylene, are well suited to concentrating nucleic acids for subsequent amplification...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570544/a-simple-chamber-for-long-term-confocal-imaging-of-root-and-hypocotyl-development
#16
Charlotte Kirchhelle, Ian Moore
Several aspects of plant development, such as lateral root morphogenesis, occur on time spans of several days. To study underlying cellular and subcellular processes, high resolution time-lapse microscopy strategies that preserve physiological conditions are required. Plant tissues must have adequate nutrient and water supply with sustained gaseous exchange but, when submerged and immobilized under a coverslip, they are particularly susceptible to anoxia. One strategy that has been successfully employed is the use of a perfusion system to maintain a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562182/effect-of-dual-attention-task-on-attack-and-defensive-actions-in-fencing
#17
Marcos Gutiérrez-Davila, F Javier Rojas, Carmen Gutiérrez-Cruz, Enrique Navarro
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect that the presence of two stimuli that require two different responses (dual-attention) has both, on offensive reaction-response time to a light stimulus, and on defensive response time when the stimulus is a real fencing attack. Twenty-five elite fencers and a fencing master were included in the study. The equipment included four force plates adapted to a scaffold that served as a fencing piste. Two force plates were placed, at the start position, under the fencer's feet and another two plates were placed under the master's feet...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561227/-quality-characteristics-and-prevalence-of-exercise-therapy-during-childhood-cancer-treatment-in-germany
#18
Regine Söntgerath, Stefanie Freier, Markus Wulftange, Katharina Eckert
Background Exercise and adapted physical activity during and after treatment for childhood cancer have a large potential to diminish several side and late effects of treatment. However, the prevalence of such interventions is low. The aim of this investigation is to identify interventions in the clinical setting in Germany and to examine their quality and structural characteristics. Method 54 hospitals were investigated for the existence of relevant interventions and if applicable the quality and structural characteristics of these according to DIN EN 15224:2012 and further characteristics of structural quality in written form or by telephone...
May 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558963/ecophysiological-adaptations-to-variable-salinity-environments-in-the-crab-hemigrapsus-crenulatus-from-the-southeastern-pacific-coast-sodium-regulation-respiration-and-excretion
#19
Ángel Urzúa, Mauricio A Urbina
The estuarine crab Hemigrapsus crenulatus is a key benthic species of estuarine and intertidal ecosystems of the South Pacific, habitats that experience wide fluctuations in salinity. The physiological strategies that allow this crab to thrive under variable salinities, and how they change during the benthic stages of their life cycle, were evaluated under laboratory conditions. Oxygen consumption, ammonia excretion and the regulatory capacity of Na(+) through the normal range of environmental salinities (i...
August 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554355/implementing-skin-to-skin-contact-for-cesarean-birth
#20
Margaret M Boyd
Early skin-to-skin (STS) contact in the OR facilitates the development of mothering behaviors, breastfeeding success, and newborn adaptation to extrauterine life. A team at my institution performed a quality improvement project to implement a standard of care for STS contact in the OR during and after cesarean birth. Thirty-seven of 50 mother-infant dyads experienced STS contact in the OR or in the postanesthesia care unit. Twenty-five mothers and newborns who experienced STS contact did so on the OR bed. The median time newborns spent engaged in STS contact with their mothers was 42 minutes and 30 seconds...
June 2017: AORN Journal
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