keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adaptive equipment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896464/a-hypergravity-environment-increases-chloroplast-size-photosynthesis-and-plant-growth-in-the-moss-physcomitrella-patens
#1
Kaori Takemura, Hiroyuki Kamachi, Atsushi Kume, Tomomichi Fujita, Ichirou Karahara, Yuko T Hanba
The physiological and anatomical responses of bryophytes to altered gravity conditions will provide crucial information for estimating how plant physiological traits have evolved to adapt to significant increases in the effects of gravity in land plant history. We quantified changes in plant growth and photosynthesis in the model plant of mosses, Physcomitrella patens, grown under a hypergravity environment for 25 days or 8 weeks using a custom-built centrifuge equipped with a lighting system. This is the first study to examine the response of bryophytes to hypergravity conditions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890857/structural-insights-into-a-family-39-glycoside-hydrolase-from-the-gut-symbiont-bacteroides-cellulosilyticus-wh2
#2
Ahmad Ali-Ahmad, Marie-Line Garron, Véronique Zamboni, Nicolas Lenfant, Didier Nurizzo, Bernard Henrissat, Jean-Guy Berrin, Yves Bourne, Florence Vincent
Bacteria from the human gut are equipped with an arsenal of carbohydrate-active enzymes that degrade dietary and host-derived glycans. In this study, we present the 2.5Å resolution crystal structure of a member (GH39wh2) from the human gut bacteria Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2 representative of a new subgroup within family GH39. Together with 6 other GHs, GH39wh2 belongs to a polysaccharide utilization locus (PUL) that could be involved in detecting, binding and hydrolysing a specific carbohydrate species from the intestinal tract...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887758/blind-nasal-intubation-revisited-no-longer-a-blind-technique
#3
Prakash K Dubey, Preksha Dubey, Niranjan Kumar, Gautam Bhardwaj, Neeraj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Advancements in airway management have made the practice of blind nasal intubation obsolete. We report on successful blind nasal intubation performed with the help of capnography and real-time ultrasonography in two patients with tempormandibular joint ankylosis. CASE REPORT: Blind nasal intubation was performed in a 12-year-old patient and a 17-year old patient under general anesthesia with spontaneous respiration. Capnography was used as an aid during insertion and dynamic ultrasonography was performed to guide and confirm proper tracheal tube placement...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883240/diagnosing-occupational-asthma
#4
Olivier Vandenplas, Hille Suojalehto, Paul Cullinan
Making an accurate diagnosis of occupational asthma (OA) is, generally, important. The condition has not only significant health consequences for affected workers, but also substantial socio-economic impacts for workers, their employers and wider society. Missing a diagnosis of OA may lead to continued exposure to a causative agent and progressive worsening of disease; conversely, diagnosing OA when it is not present may lead to inappropriate removal from exposure and unnecessary financial and social consequences...
November 24, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880080/anchoring-interprofessional-education-in-undergraduate-curricula-the-heidelberg-story
#5
Sarah Berger, Katja Goetz, Christina Leowardi-Bauer, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Joachim Szecsenyi, Cornelia Mahler
The ability of health professionals to collaborate effectively has significant potential impact on patient safety and quality-care outcomes, especially given the increasingly complex and dynamic clinical practice environments of today. Educators of the health professions are faced with an immediate challenge to adapt curricula and traditional teaching methods to ensure graduates are equipped with the necessary interprofessional competencies and (inter)professional values for their future practice. The World Health Organization's "Framework for action in interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice" promotes IPE as a key strategy to enhance patient outcomes by preparing a "collaborative practice-ready health workforce...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869469/saying-good-goodbyes-to-your-clients-a-functional-analytic-psychotherapy-fap-perspective
#6
Mavis Tsai, Tore Gustafsson, Jonathan Kanter, Mary Plummer Loudon, Robert J Kohlenberg
Functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP) promotes client growth by shaping clients' daily life problems that also show up in session with their therapists. FAP therapists create evocative contexts within therapy that afford clients the opportunity to practice, refine, and be reinforced for new, more adaptive behaviors which then can be generalized into their outside lives. In FAP, the termination process will vary from client to client depending on the nature of the client's problems and targets. For many clients, the process can be a rich, multifaceted, final opportunity to evoke, reinforce, and promote generalization of clients' in-session improvements, particularly improvements related to vulnerable self-expression in the service of intimate and close relationships...
November 21, 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857844/analysis-of-the-pushing-phase-in-paralympic-cross-country-sit-skiers-class-lw10
#7
Laura Gastaldi, Stefano Mauro, Stefano Pastorelli
Paralympic Cross-Country sit-skiers use adaptive equipment, with a resulting gesture similar to double poling techniques adopted by able-bodied skiers. Despite the similarity, a specific attention on the gesture performed by sit-skiers is needed. The paper focuses on the sledge kinematic and on inertia effect of upper body motion which is translated in a propulsive effect in the early stage of the pushing cycle. In particular a group of 7 elite sit skiers of class LW10 were recorded with a video-based markerless motion capture technique during 1 km sprint Paralympic race...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#8
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832489/the-relevance-of-genomic-signatures-at-adhesion-gpcr-loci-in-humans
#9
Peter Kovacs, Torsten Schöneberg
Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors (aGPCRs) have a long evolutionary history dating back to very basal unicellular eukaryotes. Almost every vertebrate is equipped with a set of different aGPCRs. Genomic sequence data of several hundred extinct and extant species allows for reconstruction of aGPCR phylogeny in vertebrates and non-vertebrates in general but also provides a detailed view into the recent evolutionary history of human aGPCRs. Mining these sequence sources with bioinformatic tools can unveil many facets of formerly unappreciated aGPCR functions...
2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828685/the-link-between-industry-and-social-interests-in-health-in-brazil-s-national-health-innovation-system-the-experience-of-the-brazilian-national-institute-of-traumatology-and-orthopedics-into
#10
Cid Manso de Mello Vianna, Marcelo Kropf Santos Fermam, Marcus Paulo da Silva Rodrigues, Gabriela Bittencourt Gonzalez Mosegui
This article has two parts. The first discusses the relationship between industry and health interests based on three different but non-mutually exclusive "logics": (a) independent; (b) divergent; and (c) convergent. The second part describes the experience at the Brazilian National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO) with a technology management model. The accumulated expertise in orthopedics at INTO can favor Brazil's domestic medical equipment industry without jeopardizing the country's social health needs...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827454/novel-high-throughput-approach-for-purification-of-infectious-virions
#11
Kevin T James, Brad Cooney, Kate Agopsowicz, Mary Ann Trevors, Adil Mohamed, Don Stoltz, Mary Hitt, Maya Shmulevitz
Viruses are extensively studied as pathogens and exploited as molecular tools and therapeutic agents. Existing methods to purify viruses such as gradient ultracentrifugation or chromatography have limitations, for example demand for technical expertise or specialized equipment, high time consumption, and restricted capacity. Our laboratory explores mutations in oncolytic reovirus that could improve oncolytic activity, and makes routine use of numerous virus variants, genome reassortants, and reverse engineered mutants...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824725/68ga-vacuum-elution-approach-for-direct-radiolabelling-of-dota-conjugated-and-nodaga-conjugated-peptides
#12
Rana Ben Azzouna, Sébastien Leygnac, Faisal Al-Shoukr, François Rouzet, Denis Guilloteau, Dominique Le Guludec
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Ge/Ga generator is of increasing interest for clinical PET. The arrival on the market of the pharmaceutical-grade generator, which provides an eluate with chemical and radiochemical purities in conformity with the European Pharmacopeia specifications, makes the direct labelling of vectors possible. The kit formulation strategies using single vial productions can improve the access of hospitals and imaging centres that are not equipped with costly automated synthesis modules to the Ga-radiopharmaceutical production...
January 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818214/-what-do-patients-want-tailoring-medicines-information-to-meet-patients-needs
#13
Amber Young, June Tordoff, Alesha Smith
Medicines information leaflets can equip patients to be in control of their own healthcare and support the safe and effective use of medicines. The design and content of leaflets influences patients' willingness to read them, and poor examples can cause patient confusion and anxiety. Researchers examined the literature over the past 8 years to determine the content and design of medicine information leaflets that patients prefer in order to read, understand, and use them effectively. It was found that existing leaflets do not meet patients' needs and appear ineffective...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817217/spaceflight-induced-changes-in-the-human-proteome
#14
Alexey S Kononikhin, Natalia L Starodubtseva, Lyudmila Kh Pastushkova, Daria N Kashirina, Kristina Yu Fedorchenko, Alexander G Brhozovsky, Igor A Popov, Irina M Larina, Evgeny N Nikolaev
Spaceflight is one of the most extreme conditions encountered by humans: Individuals are exposed to radiation, microgravity, hypodynamia, and will experience isolation. A better understanding of the molecular processes induced by these factors may allow us to develop personalized countermeasures to minimize risks to astronauts. Areas covered: This review is a summary of literature searches from PubMed, NASA, Roskosmos and the authors' research experiences and opinions. The review covers the available proteomic data on the effects of spaceflight factors on the human body, including both real space missions and ground-based model experiments...
November 21, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817199/telehealth-services-in-rural-and-remote-australia-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care-and-factors-influencing-success-and-sustainability
#15
Narelle K Bradford, Liam J Caffery, Anthony C Smith
INTRODUCTION: With the escalating costs of health care, issues with recruitment and retention of health practitioners in rural areas, and poor economies of scale, the question of delivering people to services or services to people is a dilemma for health authorities around the world. People living in rural areas have poorer health outcomes compared to their urban counterparts, and the problem of how to provide health care and deliver services in rural locations is an ongoing challenge...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816954/metabolite-profiling-can-change-health-care-delivery-to-obese-patients-with-fatty-liver-disease-the-search-for-biomarkers
#16
Jordi Camps, Jorge Joven
Comorbidities associated with obesity have become a worldwide public health concern. Obesity-associated hepatic steatosis is not benign, and the risk of developing severe liver disease is high. Currently, biopsy is the only clinical tool available for the diagnosis of pathological alterations in the liver. However, the procedure is painful and not without risk. As such, there is a need to identify non-invasive biomarkers of steatosis. There has been considerable progress in this area, but research appears to be limited to measurements of levels of certain parameters in patients with liver impairment relative to those of healthy controls...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792474/comparison-of-coarse-coal-dust-sampling-techniques-in-a-laboratory-simulated-longwall-section
#17
Justin R Patts, Teresa L Barone
Airborne coal dust generated during mining can deposit and accumulate on mine surfaces, presenting a dust explosion hazard. When assessing dust hazard mitigation strategies for airborne dust reduction, sampling is done in high-velocity ventilation air, which is used to purge the mining face and gallery tunnel. In this environment, the sampler inlet velocity should be matched to the air stream velocity (isokinetic sampling) to prevent oversampling of coarse dust at low sampler-to-air velocity ratios. Low velocity ratios are often encountered when using low flow rate, personal sampling pumps approved for use in underground mines...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790195/comparison-of-proteomics-profiles-of-campylobacter-jejuni-strain-bf-under-microaerobic-and-aerobic-conditions
#18
Ramila C Rodrigues, Nabila Haddad, Didier Chevret, Jean-Michel Cappelier, Odile Tresse
Campylobacter jejuni accounts for one of the leading causes of foodborne bacterial enteritis in humans. Despite being considered an obligate microaerobic microorganism, C. jejuni is regularly exposed to oxidative stress. However, its adaptive strategies to survive the atmospheric oxygen level during transmission to humans remain unclear. Recently, the clinical C. jejuni strain Bf was singled out for its unexpected ability to grow under ambient atmosphere. Here, we aimed to understand better the biological mechanisms underlying its atypical aerotolerance trait using two-dimensional protein electrophoresis, gene expression, and enzymatic activities...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788679/visually-guided-gait-training-in-paretic-patients-during-the-first-rehabilitation-phase-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Cathia Rossano, Philippe Terrier
BACKGROUND: After a lesion to the central nervous system, many patients suffer from reduced walking capability. In the first rehabilitation phase, repeated walking exercises facilitate muscular strength and stimulate brain plasticity and motor relearning. However, marked limping, an unsteady gait, and poor management of obstacle clearance may persist, which increases a patient's risk of falling. Gait training with augmented reality has been recommended to improve gait coordination. The objective of this study is to test whether a gait rehabilitation program using augmented reality is superior to a conventional treadmill training program of equivalent intensity...
October 27, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782723/automatic-multiorgan-segmentation-in-ct-images-of-the-male-pelvis-using-region-specific-hierarchical-appearance-cluster-models
#20
Dengwang Li, Pengxiao Zang, Xiangfei Chai, Yi Cui, Ruijiang Li, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: Accurate segmentation of pelvic organs in CT images is of great importance in external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer. The aim of this studying is to develop a novel method for automatic, multiorgan segmentation of the male pelvis. METHODS: The authors' segmentation method consists of several stages. First, a pretreatment includes parameterization, principal component analysis (PCA), and an established process of region-specific hierarchical appearance cluster (RSHAC) model which was executed on the training dataset...
October 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
18024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"