keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adaptive equipment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713094/the-use-of-various-models-of-chronic-immobilization-stress-in-experimental-studies
#1
Mykhailo M Koptev, Nataliia I Vynnyk
INTRODUCTION: Stress is defined as a complex of protective and disturbing responses of the organism, generated in the process of the evolution, which occur as a result of neuroendocrine and metabolic alterations in response to the impact of emergency or pathological factors. Hence, stress is an important link of the adaptive mechanism; however, its adverse course can contribute to pathogenesis of many diseases. The problem of stress, which has been under study for years, is still a relevant topic to be investigated...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703889/implementation-of-a-new-blood-cooler-insert-and-tracking-technology-with-educational-initiatives-and-its-effect-on-reducing-red-blood-cell-wastage
#2
Emmanuel A Fadeyi, Wanda Emery, Julie H Simmons, Mary Rose Jones, Gregory J Pomper
BACKGROUND: The objective was to report a successful implementation of a blood cooler insert and tracking technology with educational initiatives and its effect on reducing red blood cell (RBC) wastage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The blood bank database was used to quantify and categorize total RBC units issued in blood coolers from January 2010 to December 2015 with and without the new inserts throughout the hospital. Radiofrequency identification tags were used with special software to monitor blood cooler tracking...
July 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702072/development-of-a-phenotyping-platform-for-high-throughput-screening-of-nodal-root-angle-in-sorghum
#3
Dinesh C Joshi, Vijaya Singh, Colleen Hunt, Emma Mace, Erik van Oosterom, Richard Sulman, David Jordan, Graeme Hammer
BACKGROUND: In sorghum, the growth angle of nodal roots is a major component of root system architecture. It strongly influences the spatial distribution of roots of mature plants in the soil profile, which can impact drought adaptation. However, selection for nodal root angle in sorghum breeding programs has been restricted by the absence of a suitable high throughput phenotyping platform. The aim of this study was to develop a phenotyping platform for the rapid, non-destructive and digital measurement of nodal root angle of sorghum at the seedling stage...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701719/dynamic-gene-expression-response-to-altered-gravity-in-human-t-cells
#4
Cora S Thiel, Swantje Hauschild, Andreas Huge, Svantje Tauber, Beatrice A Lauber, Jennifer Polzer, Katrin Paulsen, Hartwin Lier, Frank Engelmann, Burkhard Schmitz, Andreas Schütte, Liliana E Layer, Oliver Ullrich
We investigated the dynamics of immediate and initial gene expression response to different gravitational environments in human Jurkat T lymphocytic cells and compared expression profiles to identify potential gravity-regulated genes and adaptation processes. We used the Affymetrix GeneChip® Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 containing 44,699 protein coding genes and 22,829 non-protein coding genes and performed the experiments during a parabolic flight and a suborbital ballistic rocket mission to cross-validate gravity-regulated gene expression through independent research platforms and different sets of control experiments to exclude other factors than alteration of gravity...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700734/molecular-evolution-of-versatile-derivatives-from-a-gfp-like-protein-in-the-marine-copepod-chiridius-poppei
#5
Akihisa Shimizu, Ikuo Shiratori, Katsunori Horii, Iwao Waga
Fluorescent proteins are now indispensable tools in molecular research. They have also been adapted for a wide variety of uses in cases involving creative applications, including textiles, aquarium fish, and ornamental plants. Our colleagues have previously cloned a yellow GFP-like protein derived from the marine copepod Chiridius poppei (YGFP), and moreover, succeeded in generating transgenic flowers with clearly visible fluorescence, without the need for high-sensitivity imaging equipment. However, due to the low Stokes shift of YGFP (10 nm), it is difficult to separate emitted light of a labeled object from the light used for excitation; hence, limitations for various applications remain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698924/development-of-a-novel-work-related-questionnaire-for-upper-extremity-disorders-worq-up
#6
Bas R J Aerts, P Paul F M Kuijer, Annechien Beumer, Denise Eygendaal, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that identifies work-related limitations among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in order to enhance work-directed care in daily orthopaedic practice, and to assess its content validity. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed following the evaluation of existing PROMs and consensus within the research team. The content validity was assessed in three steps: (1) one on one interviews with patients (n = 14) were held to discuss the clarity and possible adaptation of items; (2) experts from the field (physiotherapists, insurance physicians, occupational health physicians, rehabilitation physicians and orthopaedic surgeons) were approached to participate in an interview to discuss the clarity, relevance and missing items; (3) patients (n = 12) were interviewed one on one to discuss the final version...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697652/ask-the-experts-how-to-treat-individuals-with-spatial-neglect-a-survey-study
#7
Peii Chen, Marco Pitteri, Glen Gillen, Harsha Ayyala
PURPOSE: Spatial neglect (SN) impedes rehabilitation success and leaves long-term consequences. We asked experts to provide their opinions in addressing SN by scenario (ideal vs. reality) and by recovery phase (earliest, acute, subacute, and chronic). Experts were individuals who have assessed or treated patients with SN clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using an anonymous survey on the Internet with 189 responders over 3 months. Located in 23 different countries, 127 experts of seven disciplines were included (occupational therapy, physical therapy, nursing, speech and language pathology or therapy, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychology or neuropsychology)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693990/rapid-preparation-of-adherent-mammalian-cells-for-basic-scanning-electron-microscopy-sem-analysis
#8
Andrew Osahor, Karthik Deekonda, Lee Choon Weng, Edmund Ui-Hang Sim, Aurelian Radu, Kumaran Narayanan
Sample preparation for scanning electron microscope analysis involves reagents and equipment that are expensive and often hazardous. Here we demonstrate a circumvention of Osmium tetroxide and critical point drying, greatly reducing the duration, complexity and cost of the process. We captured early stage interactions of invasive-bacteria and HeLa cells during the process of bacteria-mediated gene delivery and illustrate sufficient clarity can be obtained using this procedure to preserve and clearly visualize relevant cellular structures...
July 8, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692420/use-of-a-smartphone-recovery-tool-for-latinos-with-co-occurring-alcohol-and-other-drug-disorders-and-mental-disorders
#9
Jordana Muroff, Winslow Robinson, Deborah Chassler, Luz M López, Erika Gaitan, Lena Lundgren, Claudia Guauque, Susan Dargon-Hart, Emily Stewart, Diliana Dejesus, Kimberly Johnson, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
OBJECTIVE: Addressing alcohol and other drug disorders (AOD) and other mental disorders (MD) among adult Hispanics/Latinos is of critical concern being one of the fastest growing ethnic groups with a disproportionate rate of disease, mental disorders, and poverty. Although improvement in outcomes is associated with sustained participation in ongoing treatment for co-occurring AOD/MD, continuing care is rare for these chronic conditions, especially for Latinos with more limited access to culturally and linguistically competent services...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688909/are-we-making-an-impact-with-incident-learning-systems-analysis-of-quality-improvement-interventions-using-total-body-irradiation-as-a-model-system
#10
Aileen Kim, Eric Ford, Matthew Spraker, Jing Zeng, Ralph Ermoian, Loucille Jordan, Gabrielle Kane, Matthew Nyflot
PURPOSE: Despite increasing interest in incident learning systems (ILS) to improve safety and quality in radiation oncology, little is known about interventions developed in response to safety data. We used total body irradiation (TBI) as a model system to study the effectiveness of interventions from our institutional ILS. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Near-miss event reports specific to TBI were identified from a departmental ILS from March 2012 to December 2015. The near-miss risk index was rated at multidisciplinary review from 0 (no potential harm) to 4 (critical potential harm)...
June 6, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687596/expression-and-light-dependent-translocation-of-%C3%AE-arrestin-in-the-visual-system-of-the-terrestrial-slug-limax-valentianus
#11
Ryota Matsuo, Yuka Takatori, Shun Hamada, Mitsumasa Koyanagi, Yuko Matsuo
Vertebrates, cephalopods, and arthropods are equipped with eyes having the highest spatiotemporal resolution among the animal phyla. In parallel, it is only the animals in these three phyla that have visual arrestin specialized for the termination of visual signaling triggered by opsin, in addition to ubiquitously expressed β-arrestin that serves in terminating general G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Indeed, visual arrestin in Drosophila and rodents translocates to the opsin-rich subcellular region in response to light to reduce the overall sensitivity of photoreceptors in an illuminated environment (i...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682137/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-physical-activity-environments-in-georgia-elementary-schools
#12
Miriam E Van Dyke, Patricia C Cheung, Padra Franks, Julie A Gazmararian
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) environments in Georgia public elementary schools and to identify socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic disparities in PA environments. DESIGN: A school setting PA survey was launched in 2013 to 2014 as a cross-sectional online survey assessing PA environment factors, including facility access and school PA practices, staff PA opportunities, parental involvement in school PA, and out-of-school PA opportunities...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672856/novel-hybrid-scheduling-technique-for-sensor-nodes-with-mixed-criticality-tasks
#13
Mihai-Victor Micea, Cristina-Sorina Stangaciu, Valentin Stangaciu, Daniel-Ioan Curiac
Sensor networks become increasingly a key technology for complex control applications. Their potential use in safety- and time-critical domains has raised the need for task scheduling mechanisms specially adapted to sensor node specific requirements, often materialized in predictable jitter-less execution of tasks characterized by different criticality levels. This paper offers an efficient scheduling solution, named Hybrid Hard Real-Time Scheduling (H²RTS), which combines a static, clock driven method with a dynamic, event driven scheduling technique, in order to provide high execution predictability, while keeping a high node Central Processing Unit (CPU) utilization factor...
June 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662909/emergency-department-escalation-in-theory-and-practice-a-mixed-methods-study-using-a-model-of-organizational-resilience
#14
Jonathan Back, Alastair J Ross, Myanna D Duncan, Peter Jaye, Katherine Henderson, Janet E Anderson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Escalation policies are used by emergency departments (EDs) when responding to an increase in demand (eg, a sudden inflow of patients) or a reduction in capacity (eg, a lack of beds to admit patients). The policies aim to maintain the ability to deliver patient care, without compromising safety, by modifying "normal" processes. The study objective is to examine escalation policies in theory and practice. METHODS: This was a mixed-method study involving a conceptual analysis of National Health Service escalation policies (n=12) and associated escalation actions (n=92), as well as a detailed ethnographic study of escalation in situ during a 16-month period in a large UK ED (n=30 observations)...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656375/non-contact-raman-spectroscopy-for-in-line-monitoring-of-glucose-and-ethanol-during-yeast-fermentations
#15
Robert Schalk, Frank Braun, Rudolf Frank, Matthias Rädle, Norbert Gretz, Frank-Jürgen Methner, Thomas Beuermann
The monitoring of microbiological processes using Raman spectroscopy has gained in importance over the past few years. Commercial Raman spectroscopic equipment consists of a laser, spectrometer, and fiberoptic immersion probe in direct contact with the fermentation medium. To avoid possible sterilization problems and biofilm formation on the probe tip, a large-aperture Raman probe was developed. The design of the probe enables non-contact in-line measurements through glass vessels or inspection glasses of bioreactors and chemical reactors...
June 27, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647910/perception-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-among-muslim-nurses-in-indonesia
#16
Risa Herlianita, Miaofen Yen, Ching-Huey Chen, Susan J Fetzer, Esther Ching-Lan Lin
This cross-sectional study was conducted to examine 256 Muslim nurses' perception of spirituality and spiritual care in Indonesia. The Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS) was translated and culturally adapted. Moderately high degrees in five domains and total SSCRS were found. Specialty, education level, clinical seniority, having spiritual training, and previous spiritual caring experience could impact on the SSCRS. Most nurses have cared for patients with spiritual needs, but denied having any formal training in providing spiritual care...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633615/experts-opinion-on-manual-wheelchair-adjustments-for-adults-with-diabetes
#17
Sophie-Anne Scherrer, Joelle Chu Yu Chee, Nhi Vu, Patrice Lu, Michelle Ishack, Philippe S Archambault
Diabetes is a global health concern that can lead to mobility limitations necessitating a wheelchair. However, there are currently no guidelines for wheelchair adjustments tailored to the diabetic population. PURPOSE: To describe relevant manual wheelchair adjustments for adults with diabetes, and to explore how these adjustments apply to populations living in less-resourced countries. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 wheelchair experts from five different countries working with adult with diabetes...
March 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630034/fall-prevention-self-assessments-via-mobile-3d-visualization-technologies-community-dwelling-older-adults-perceptions-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
Julian Hamm, Arthur Money, Anita Atwal
BACKGROUND: In the field of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is a prominent preventive strategy used to promote independent living and to identify and alleviate fall risk factors via the provision of assistive equipment within the home environment. Current practice involves the use of paper-based forms that include 2D measurement guidance diagrams that aim to communicate the precise points and dimensions that must be measured in order to make AEPP assessments...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629163/%C3%AE-cyanoalanine-synthases-and-their-possible-role-in-pierid-host-plant-adaptation
#19
Anna-Maria Herfurth, Maike van Ohlen, Ute Wittstock
Cyanide is generated in larvae of the glucosinolate-specialist Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera:Pieridae) upon ingestion of plant material containing phenylalanine-derived glucosinolates as chemical defenses. As these glucosinolates were widespread within ancient Brassicales, the ability to detoxify cyanide may therefore have been essential for the host plant shift of Pierid species from Fabales to Brassicales species giving rise to the Pierinae subfamily. Previous research identified β-cyanoalanine and thiocyanate as products of cyanide detoxification in P...
June 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623923/making-hiv-testing-work-at-the-point-of-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study-of-diagnostic-practices
#20
Nora Engel, Malika Davids, Nadine Blankvoort, Keertan Dheda, Nitika Pant Pai, Madhukar Pai
BACKGROUND: Point of care testing promises to reduce delays in diagnosing and initiating treatment for infectious diseases such as Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In South Africa, decentralized HIV testing with rapid tests offers important lessons for point of care testing programs. Yet, little is known about the strategies of providers and clients to make HIV testing successful in settings short of equipment, human resources and space. We aimed at examining these strategies. METHODS: This paper is based on a larger qualitative study of diagnostic practices across major diseases and actors in homes, clinics, communities, hospitals and laboratories in South Africa...
June 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
18024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"