keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adaptive equipment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536346/taking-a-stab-at-cancer-oncolytic-virus-mediated-anti-cancer-vaccination-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Amelia Sadie Aitken, Dominic Guy Roy, Marie-Claude Bourgeois-Daigneault
Vaccines have classically been used for disease prevention. Modern clinical vaccines are continuously being developed for both traditional use as well as for new applications. Typically thought of in terms of infectious disease control, vaccination approaches can alternatively be adapted as a cancer therapy. Vaccines targeting cancer antigens can be used to induce anti-tumour immunity and have demonstrated therapeutic efficacy both pre-clinically and clinically. Various approaches now exist and further establish the tremendous potential and adaptability of anti-cancer vaccination...
January 4, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#2
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528023/medication-management-activities-performed-by-informal-caregivers-of-older-adults
#3
Kevin A Look, Jamie A Stone
BACKGROUND: Medication management is commonly performed by informal caregivers, yet they are often unprepared and ill-equipped to manage complex medication regimens for their older adult care recipients. In order to develop interventions that will enhance the caregiver's ability to safely and confidently manage medications, it is critical to first understand caregiver challenges and unmet needs related to medication management. OBJECTIVES: To explore how informal caregivers manage medications for their older adult care recipients by identifying the activities involved in medication management and the tools or strategies used to facilitate these activities...
May 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526759/il-2-high-tissue-resident-t-cells-in-the-human-liver-sentinels-for-hepatotropic-infection
#4
Laura J Pallett, Jessica Davies, Emily J Colbeck, Francis Robertson, Navjyot Hansi, Nicholas J W Easom, Alice R Burton, Kerstin A Stegmann, Anna Schurich, Leo Swadling, Upkar S Gill, Victoria Male, TuVinh Luong, Amir Gander, Brian R Davidson, Patrick T F Kennedy, Mala K Maini
The liver provides a tolerogenic immune niche exploited by several highly prevalent pathogens as well as by primary and metastatic tumors. We have sampled healthy and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected human livers to probe for a subset of T cells specialized to overcome local constraints and mediate immunity. We characterize a population of T-bet(lo)Eomes(lo)Blimp-1(hi)Hobit(lo) T cells found within the intrahepatic but not the circulating memory CD8 T cell pool expressing liver-homing/retention markers (CD69(+)CD103(+) CXCR6(+)CXCR3(+))...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525513/an-observational-assessment-of-anesthesia-capacity-in-madagascar-as-a-prerequisite-to-the-development-of-a-national-surgical-plan
#5
Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina A Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina N Rakotoarison, Alison Herbert, Emily Bruno, Kristin L Close, Vanessa Andean, Hery H Andriamanjato, Mark G Shrime, Michelle C White
BACKGROUND: The global lack of anesthesia capacity is well described, but country-specific data are needed to provide country-specific solutions. We aimed to assess anesthesia capacity in Madagascar as part of the development of a Ministry of Health national surgical plan. METHODS: As part of a nationwide surgical safety quality improvement project, we surveyed 19 of 22 regional hospitals, representing surgical facilities caring for 75% of the total population. The assessment was divided into 3 areas: anesthesia workforce density, infrastructure and equipment, and medications...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524616/how-to-implement-live-video-recording-in-the-clinical-environment-a-practical-guide-for-clinical-services
#6
Adam Lloyd, Alistair Dewar, Simon Edgar, Dave Caesar, Paul Gowens, Gareth Clegg
BACKGROUND: The use of video in healthcare is becoming more common, particularly in simulation and educational settings. However, video recording live episodes of clinical care is far less routine. AIM: To provide a practical guide for clinical services to embed live video recording. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Kotter's 8-step process for leading change, we provide a 'how to' guide to navigate the challenges required to implement a continuous video-audit system based on our experience of video recording in our emergency department resuscitation rooms...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524072/development-of-a-virtual-collision-sensor-for-industrial-robots
#7
Marina Indri, Stefano Trapani, Ivan Lazzero
Collision detection is a fundamental issue for the safety of a robotic cell. While several common methods require specific sensors or the knowledge of the robot dynamic model, the proposed solution is constituted by a virtual collision sensor for industrial manipulators, which requires as inputs only the motor currents measured by the standard sensors that equip a manipulator and the estimated currents provided by an internal dynamic model of the robot (i.e., the one used inside its controller), whose structure, parameters and accuracy are not known...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506781/implementation-of-quality-management-for-clinical-bacteriology-in-low-resource-settings
#8
REVIEW
Barbara Barbé, Cedric P Yansouni, Dissou Affolabi, Jan Jacobs
BACKGROUND: The declining trend of malaria and the recent prioritization of containment of antimicrobial resistance have created a momentum to implement clinical bacteriology in low-resource settings (LRS). Successful implementation relies on guidance by a quality management system (QMS). Over the past decade, international initiatives were launched towards implementation of QMS in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. AIMS: To describe the progress towards accreditation of medical laboratories and to identify the challenges and "Best practices" for implementation of QMS in clinical bacteriology in LRS...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502400/bags-batteries-and-boxes-a-qualitative-interview-study-to-understand-how-syringe-drivers-are-adapted-and-used-by-healthcare-staff
#9
Christopher James Vincent, Ann Blandford
Syringe drivers are medical devices that are critical for end of life care. They deliver continuous medication over extended periods of time. Their design contributes to the quality of experience for both patients and healthcare professionals. Little research has been published about the factors that influence the usability of this type of equipment for frontline users (i.e. those in direct contact with patients) and how equipment gets introduced. Understanding how syringe drivers are used in practice can help improve the design of equipment...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498336/-11-c-labeling-of-aryl-ketones-as-candidate-histamine-subtype-3-receptor-pet-radioligands-through-pd-0-mediated-11-c-carbonylative-coupling
#10
Fabrice G Siméon, William J Culligan, Shuiyu Lu, Victor W Pike
Pd(0)-mediated coupling between iodoarenes, [(11)C]carbon monoxide and aryltributylstannanes has been used to prepare simple model [(11)C]aryl ketones. Here, we aimed to label four 2-aminoethylbenzofuran chemotype based molecules ([(11)C]1-4) in the carbonyl position, as prospective positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands for the histamine subtype 3 receptor (H3R) by adapting this methodology with use of aryltrimethylstannanes. Radiosynthesis was successfully performed on a platform equipped with a mini-autoclave and a liquid handling robotic arm, within a lead-shielded hot-cell...
May 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487263/a-pragmatic-method-for-transforming-clinical-research-data-from-the-research-electronic-data-capture-redcap-to-clinical-data-interchange-standards-consortium-cdisc-study-data-tabulation-model-sdtm-development-and-evaluation-of-redcap2sdtm
#11
Keiichi Yamamoto, Keiko Ota, Ippei Akiya, Ayumi Shintani
The Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) Study Data Tabulation Model (SDTM) can be used for new drug application studies as well as secondarily for creating a clinical research data warehouse to leverage clinical research study data across studies conducted within the same disease area. However, currently not all clinical research uses Clinical Data Acquisition Standards Harmonization (CDASH) beginning in the set-up phase of the study. Once already initiated, clinical studies that have not utilized CDASH are difficult to map in the SDTM format...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486279/payor-reform-opportunities-for-spine-surgery-part-i-background-and-stimulus-for-bundled-payments
#12
Jason Scalise, David Jacofsky
Spine surgery, and orthopedic surgery overall, is being increasingly scrutinized by payors due to large projected increases in utilization. The unsustainability of the fee-for-service payment system has lead payors to investigate novel value and risk-based contracting strategies on an episode of care basis and on a population health basis. These forays into progressive models for spine surgery have been supported by the successes demonstrated by advanced payor reform programs from The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in other areas of musculoskeletal medicine...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482011/narrative-feedback-from-or-personnel-about-the-safety-of-their-surgical-practice-before-and-after-a-surgical-safety-checklist-intervention
#13
Shehnaz Alidina, Hye-Chun Hur, William R Berry, George Molina, Guy Guenthner, Anna M Modest, Sara J Singer
Objective: To examine narrative feedback to understand surgical team perceptions about surgical safety checklists (SSCs) and their impact on the safety of surgical practice. Design: We reviewed free-text comments from surveys administered before and after SSC implementation between 2011 and 2013. We categorized feedback thematically and as positive, negative or neutral. Setting: South Carolina hospitals participating in a statewide collaborative on checklist implementation...
May 8, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471402/adaptive-energy-efficient-target-detection-based-on-mobile-wireless-sensor-networks
#14
Tengyue Zou, Zhenjia Li, Shuyuan Li, Shouying Lin
Target detection is a widely used application for area surveillance, elder care, and fire alarms; its purpose is to find a particular object or event in a region of interest. Usually, fixed observing stations or static sensor nodes are arranged uniformly in the field. However, each part of the field has a different probability of being intruded upon; if an object suddenly enters an area with few guardian devices, a loss of detection will occur, and the stations in the safe areas will waste their energy for a long time without any discovery...
May 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470783/functional-analysis-of-the-musculo-skeletal-system-of-the-gill-apparatus-in-heptranchias-perlo-chondrichthyes-hexanchidae
#15
Nadezhda V Kryukova
Musculo-skeletal morphology is an indispensable source for understanding functional adaptations. Analysis of morphology of the branchial apparatus of Hexanchiform sharks can provide insight into aspects of their respiration that are difficult to observe directly. In this study, I compare the structure of the musculo-skeletal system of the gill apparatus of Heptranchias perlo and Squalus acanthias in respect to their adaptation for one of two respiratory mechanisms known in sharks, namely, the active two-pump (oropharyngeal and parabranchial) ventilation and the ram-jet ventilation...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464571/-expert-consensus-of-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-postscript-of-operation-process-and-main-steps
#16
(no author information available yet)
Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is a minimally invasive approach for Whipple by total or assistant laparoscopic techniques. The results of feasibility, safety, short and long outcomes have slowly been gaining acceptance over the past decade. Aim to further adapt to the development trend, improve the safety and oncologic outcomes, promote the standardized development of LPD in China, four pancreas surgery groups in China wrote this LPD consensus. The consensus includes seven sections: operator request, indications and contraindications, preoperative preparation and anesthesia, equipment and instruments, positioning of patient and trocars, abdominal pressure, indications of conversion to laparotomy, postoperative observation and treatment...
May 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464079/effects-of-roughage-inclusion-and-particle-size-on-digestion-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics-of-beef-steers
#17
C P Weiss, W W Gentry, C M Meredith, B E Meyer, N A Cole, L O Tedeschi, F T McCollum, J S Jennings
Roughage is fed in finishing diets to promote ruminal health and decrease digestive upset, but the inclusion rate is limited because of the cost per unit of energy and feed management issues. Rumination behavior of cattle may be a means to standardize roughage in beef cattle finishing diets, and increasing the particle size of roughage could modulate the ruminal environment and aid in maintaining ruminal pH. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to determine the effects of corn stalk (CS) inclusion rate and particle size in finishing diets on digestibility, rumination, and ruminal fermentation characteristics of beef steers...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461658/indirect-immunometric-elisa
#18
Thomas O Kohl, Carl A Ascoli
This assay facilitates the immunometric determination of assay-associated reagents including the capture and detection antibodies as well as the analyte (i.e., antigen or antibody). It can precede the development of a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in which optimal antibody concentrations are applied for the quantitative measurement of the antigen. This protocol describes the materials and equipment required for the measurement of chromogenic substrate development; however, it can be adapted for use with chemiluminescent- and fluorescent-labeled reporters...
May 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457320/surgical-and-trauma-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-capacity-assessments
#19
REVIEW
Kevin J Blair, Lorenzo Paladino, Pamela L Shaw, Michael B Shapiro, Benedict C Nwomeh, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Surgical and trauma capacity assessments help guide resource allocation and plan interventions to improve care for the injured in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To forge expert consensus on conducting these assessments, we undertook a systematic review of studies using five tools: (1) World Health Organization's (WHO) Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care, (2) WHO's Tool for Situational Analysis to Assess Emergency and Essential Surgical Care, (3) Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies tool, (4) Harvard Humanitarian Initiative tool, and (5) Emergency and Critical Care tool...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457187/laser-etched-designs-for-molding-hydrogel-based-engineered-tissues
#20
Fabiola Munarin, Nicholas J Kaiser, Tae Yun Kim, Bum-Rak Choi, Kareen L K Coulombe
Rapid prototyping and fabrication of elastomeric molds for sterile culture of engineered tissues allow for the development of tissue geometries that can be tailored to different in vitro applications and customized as implantable scaffolds for regenerative medicine. Commercially available molds offer minimal capabilities for adaptation to unique conditions or applications versus those for which they are specifically designed. Here we describe a replica molding method for the design and fabrication of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) molds from laser-etched acrylic negative masters with ∼0...
May 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
keyword
keyword
18024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"