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Annie Hartmann, Deb Kegelmeyer, Anne Kloos
: Individuals with concomitant spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury have cognitive deficits that may limit the ability to learn novel motor tasks necessary for functional independence. Errorless learning has been shown to improve cognitive task performance in persons with brain injury but little is known about its usefulness for improving novel motor task learning. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 44-year-old man with traumatic spinal cord and brain injuries from a motor vehicle accident was admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
M Creaney, R M Moriarty, M Milner, C Murphy
Congenital muscular dystrophies are characterised by progressive skeletal muscle weakness from birth or early infancy. Maternal respiratory compromise, joint contractures and presence of spinal instrumentation or fusion are some of the anaesthetic challenges that may be encountered in the obstetric setting. The choice of anaesthetic technique for surgical delivery needs to be considered on an individual basis. Multi-disciplinary involvement is paramount to optimise peripartum care and outcomes. In this case report, we present the use of dexmedetomidine, humidified high-flow nasal oxygen, rocuronium and sugammadex in the anaesthetic management of a wheelchair-bound, non-invasive bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation-dependent parturient with congenital muscular dystrophy, who was presenting for caesarean section...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Debra A Field, Roslyn W Livingstone
AIM: To identify and critically appraise standardized measures of power mobility skill used with children (18y or younger) with mobility limitations and explore the measures' application for 'exploratory', 'operational', and 'functional' learners. METHOD: Five electronic databases were searched along with hand-searching for peer-reviewed articles published in English to July 2017 (updated 31st August 2017). Key terms included power(ed) mobility, power(ed) wheelchair, and database-specific terms...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Kerstin Hagberg
PURPOSE: To describe the rehabilitation experience and outcome of treatment with bone-anchored prostheses in individuals with bilateral transfemoral amputations (TFAs) treated in Sweden over a period of 25 years. METHOD: Hospital records were reviewed for all patients with traumatic bilateral TFAs treated until 2015. The use of prostheses, walking aids and wheelchairs was noted. RESULTS: The cohort comprised 12 patients (nine men and three women with a mean age 35 years at treatment) and the median follow-up time was seven years (1-20)...
March 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Dhissanuvach Chaikhot, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
An awareness of sex differences in gait can be beneficial for detecting the early stages of gait abnormalities that may lead to pathology. The same may be true for wheelchair propulsion. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sex on wheelchair biomechanics and mechanical efficiency in novice young able-bodied wheelchair propulsion. Thirty men and 30 women received 12  min of familiarisation training. Subsequently, they performed two 10-m propulsion tests to evaluate comfortable speed (CS). Additionally, they performed a 4-min submaximal propulsion test on a treadmill at CS, 125% and 145% of CS...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
David Moreno-Ajona, José Ramón Yuste, Paloma Martín, Jaime Gállego Pérez-Larraya
The human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a RNA retrovirus that infects a minimum of 5-10 million people worldwide. Transmission by cell-containing blood products and solid organ transplantation has been reported. Clinical disease occurs in about 5-10% of infected individuals and consists mainly in adult T cell leukemia and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM). We present a 54-year-old woman who underwent kidney transplant from cadaveric donor in March 2015. Donor also underwent cornea extraction for another recipient (corneal transplant protocol includes HTLV-1/2 serology)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
Jean-François Lam, Laurent Gosselin, Paula W Rushton
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive description of the current state of knowledge regarding the use of virtual technology (VT) for wheelchair skills training. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ACM, IEEE Xplore, Inspec, and Web of Science databases were searched for relevant articles from 1990 to February 2016. STUDY SELECTION: We included peer-reviewed studies or long conference proceedings that examined the use of VT as a medium to provide a wheelchair skills training intervention for any population with any diagnosis using any research design...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kiley L Armstrong, Lisa M Lombardo, Kevin M Foglyano, Musa L Audu, Ronald J Triolo
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of injury for manual wheelchair users are tips and falls caused by unexpected destabilizing events encountered during everyday activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of automatically restoring seated stability to manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI) via a threshold-based system to activate the hip and trunk muscles with electrical stimulation during potentially destabilizing events. METHODS: We detected and classified potentially destabilizing sudden stops and turns with a wheelchair-mounted wireless inertial measurement unit (IMU), and then applied neural stimulation to activate the appropriate muscles to resist trunk movement and restore seated stability...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Heather A Feldner, Samuel W Logan, James C Galloway
AIM: Rehabilitation professionals are increasingly recognizing mobility as a basic human right and endorsing the efficacy of early powered mobility for children with mobility impairments to foster independence, promote socialization with peers and facilitate participation in family and community life. However, the relationship between mobility and technology provision, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with mobility impairments and their families, is complex and understudied...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
B González-García, S García-Isidoro, J Contreras-Alcántara, J A Martínez-Gil, M A Díaz Y Orea, V O Castellanos-Sánchez
The most frequent diabetes-related complications are diabetic foot and glaucoma, which lead to amputation and loss of vision, respectively. Current scientific and technologic developments have permitted the design and implementation of prosthetic systems that are optimal for these patients, as the latter adapt themselves to them and can resume activities of daily living. The lack of economic resources compromises the quality of the prostheses patients can afford, as they resort to «artisanal» or «rustic» systems that hamper their adaptation process...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Kerri A Morgan, Kelly L Taylor, Susan M Tucker, W Todd Cade, Joseph W Klaesner
OBJECTIVE: Determine the validity and reliability of an exercise testing protocol to evaluate cardiorespiratory measures in manual wheelchair users (MWUs) with spinal cord injury (SCI) using a roller-based (RS) wheelchair system. DESIGN: Repeated measures within-subject design. SETTING: Community-based research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten adults with SCI requiring the use of a manual wheelchair. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Mohanraj Thirumalai, William B Kirkland, Samuel R Misko, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Laurie A Malone
BACKGROUND: Active video game (AVG) playing, also known as "exergaming," is increasingly employed to promote physical activity across all age groups. The Wii Fit Balance Board is a popular gaming controller for AVGs and is used in a variety of settings. However, the commercial off-the-shelf (OTS) design poses several limitations. It is inaccessible to wheelchair users, does not support the use of stabilization assistive devices, and requires the ability to shift the center of balance (COB) in all directions to fully engage in game play...
March 6, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Stephanie Rigot, Lynn Worobey, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate relation of gait training (GT) during inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) to outcomes of people with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective observational study using the SCIRehab database. SETTING: Six IPR facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with new SCI receiving initial rehabilitation (n=1376). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were divided into groups of who did and did not receive GT...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Emma M Smith, Lynn Roberts, Mary Ann McColl, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Wheelchairs, scooters, and related equipment are essential for the well-being of individuals with limited mobility and impact participation, health, and quality of life. PURPOSE: Our objective was to identify and evaluate policies governing equipment funding for Canadian adults. We reviewed funding legislation and program documentation for adult Canadians (≥18 years of age) covered by their provincial, territorial, or federal health care plan. Documents were obtained online or through administrative staff...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Raymond Cavaliere, Danielle M Mercado, Malary Mani
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been commonly reported by foot and ankle specialists. Marjolin's ulcer is a malignancy that involves a posttraumatic scar or ulceration that can develop into SCC from chronic neuropathic pedal wounds, venous stasis, or decubitus ulcerations. Most Marjolin's ulcers are found in the lower extremity, specifically the feet, and it is twice as common in females as males. Biopsy of the tumor is the reference standard to diagnose SCC, and wide excision of SCC is the most common treatment option...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Neeharika Nandam, Deborah Gaebler-Spira, Rachel Byrne, Judith Wolfman, Judy Panko Reis, Chun Wai Hung, Allison Todd, Jordyn Durkin, Christina Marciniak
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities (WWD) have reported lower mammography rates than the general population, however rates for women with cerebral palsy (CP) have not been specifically studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mammography rates in women with CP and to identify strengths and barriers with their screening experience. METHODS: Women with CP 40 years or older (n = 118) participating in a prospective cross-sectional survey were queried regarding screening status, imaging modality, and accommodation needs and availability...
February 17, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Shoko Merrit Yamada, Yusuke Tomita, Soichiro Shibui, Mikiko Takahashi, Masashi Kawamoto, Sumihito Nobusawa, Junko Hirato
Astroblastoma is a rare tumor that is thought to occur exclusively in the cerebrum. To the authors' knowledge, no cases of spinal cord astroblastoma have been reported. A 20-year-old woman presented with numbness in her legs. MRI demonstrated a 2-cm intramedullary enhancing lesion in the spinal cord at the T-1 level. The patient declined to undergo resection of the tumor because she was able to walk unassisted; however, she returned for surgery 1 month later because she had developed paraplegia with bladder and rectal dysfunction, and MRI showed enlargement of the tumor...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Dany H Gagnon, Manuel J Escalona, Martin Vermette, Lívia P Carvalho, Antony D Karelis, Cyril Duclos, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: For individuals who sustain a complete motor spinal cord injury (SCI) and rely on a wheelchair as their primary mode of locomotion, overground robotic exoskeletons represent a promising solution to stand and walk again. Although overground robotic exoskeletons have gained tremendous attention over the past decade and are now being transferred from laboratories to clinical settings, their effects remain unclear given the paucity of scientific evidence and the absence of large-scale clinical trials...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Johanna Wangdell, Carina Reinholdt, Jan Fridén
Spasticity is a common and increasingly prevalent secondary complication of spinal cord injury. The aim of the study was to evaluate patient-experienced gains in prioritized activities after surgery to reduce the effects of spasticity in upper limbs in tetraplegia. The study includes evaluation of 30 operations for 27 patients performed on hypertonic tetraplegic hands during 2007-2015 using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Activity performance increased at both 6 months and 12 months by a mean of 3...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Pedro Forte, Daniel A Marinho, Jorge E Morais, Pedro G Morouço, Tiago M Barbosa
Biomechanics plays an important role helping Paralympic sprinters to excel, having the aerodynamic drag a significant impact on the athlete's performance. The aim of this study was to assess the aerodynamics in different key-moments of the stroke cycle by Computational Fluid Dynamics. A world-ranked wheelchair sprinter was scanned on the racing wheelchair wearing his competition gear and helmet. The sprinter was scanned in three different positions: (i) catch (hands in the 12h position on the hand-rim); (ii) the release (hands in the 18h position on the hand-rim) and; (iii) recovery phase (hands do not touch the hand-rim and are hyperextended backwards)...
2018: PloS One
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