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Adrienne P Savant, Susanna A McColley
In this article, we highlight cystic fibrosis (CF) reports published in Pediatric Pulmonology during 2017. We also include articles from a variety of journals that are related or are of special interest to clinicians.
June 21, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Stanzen Chakdour, Pankaj C Vaidya, Suresh Kumar Angurana, Jayashree Muralidharan, Meenu Singh, Sunit C Singhi
OBJECTIVE: To assess pulmonary functions of children who received mechanical ventilation for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: PICU and Pediatric Pulmonology Clinic of a tertiary care teaching hospital in North India. PATIENTS: All children, 5-12 years old, ventilated for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in PICU from July 2012 to June 2013 and survived. INTERVENTIONS: The baseline admission variables recorded were as follows: age, sex, duration of illness, primary diagnosis at admission, Pediatric Risk of Mortality III score, lung injury score, mechanical ventilation parameters, oxygenation indices, and duration of PICU stay...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Sabine Zirlik, Markus Friedrich Neurath, Norbert Meidenbauer, Michael Vieth, Florian Siegfried Fuchs
BACKGROUND In many studies, confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) has proven to be a useful tool in pulmonology; nevertheless, the application in this field is still experimental. By contrast, CLE is almost a standard technique in gastroenterology. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the identification of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) components applying CLE, using a dye. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 21 patients with various underlying diseases a bronchoscopy with BAL was performed. As in routine clinical practice common, BAL fluid (BALF) was analyzed in terms of cytologic, virologic, and microbiologic aspects...
June 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
J M Figueira Gonçalves, L I Pérez Mendez, N Gurbani, I García-Talavera, J L Pérez Pinilla
INTRODUCTION: The COPD-LUCSS-DLCO score had been validated as a predictive tool capable of identifying patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a high mortality risk associated with lung cancer (LC); however, studies have not been conducted yet on its use in standard clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate the COPD-LUCSS-DLCO scores for patients with COPD treated in Pulmonology consultations and to determine the incidence of LC in each of the subgroups...
June 7, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
C Bai, K Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Averian G Vasyliev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction. Many various components play role in development and progression of this disease, while COPD risk factors play the most prominent role. Further progress in healthcare system development around COPD in Ukraine requires analysis of legislation, regulating pulmonological medical service in Ukraine. The aim: To analyze the influence of major risk factors on the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and to determine key legislative aspects of the organization of medical care for COPD patients in Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Hamida Kwas, Habib Ghédira
INTRODUCTION: Concept mapping is an excellent learning toolallowing to stimulate active learning.For this reason, the concept mapping is currently used increasingly in the medical and paramedical field. The aim of our study is to determine the contribution of teaching of medical interns by the concept mapping. METHODS: Fourteen students enrolled at the same time in a medical rotation in Pulmonology were recruited for this exploratory study. Interns are divided into two groups (A and B)...
December 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Michele Bartoletti, Massimo Antonelli, Francesco Arturo Bruno Blasi, Ivo Casagranda, Arturo Chieregato, Roberto Fumagalli, Massimo Girardis, Filippo Pieralli, Mario Plebani, Gian Maria Rossolini, Massimo Sartelli, Bruno Viaggi, Pierluigi Viale, Claudio Viscoli, Federico Pea
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful biomarker of bacterial infection and its use is associated to reduced duration of antibiotic therapy in the setting of intensive care medicine. To address the need of practical guidance for the use of PCT in various clinical settings, a group of experts was invited to participate at a consensus process with the aims of defining the rationale for appropriate use of PCT and for improving the management of critically ill patients with sepsis. METHODS: A group of 14 experts from anesthesiology and critical care, infectious diseases, internal medicine, pulmonology, clinical microbiology, laboratory medicine, clinical pharmacology and methodology provided expert opinion through a modified Delphi process, after a comprehensive literature review...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Neeraj R Desai, Kim D French, Edward Diamond, Kevin L Kovitz
Value-based care is evolving with a focus on improving efficiency, reducing cost, and enhancing the patient experience. Interventional pulmonology has the opportunity to lead an effective value-based care model. This model is supported by the relatively low cost of pulmonary procedures and has the potential to improve efficiencies in thoracic care. We discuss key strategies to evaluate and improve efficiency in Interventional Pulmonology practice and describe our experience in developing an interventional pulmonology suite...
May 31, 2018: Chest
Zofia Bakuła, Justyna Kościuch, Aleksandra Safianowska, Małgorzata Proboszcz, Jacek Bielecki, Jakko van Ingen, Rafał Krenke, Tomasz Jagielski
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory features of Mycobacterium kansasii pulmonary disease are few and based on small patient cohorts. The objective of the study was to evaluate characteristics of patients from whom M. kansasii respiratory isolates were recovered and to provide a detailed description of M. kansasii disease. BASIC PROCEDURES: Retrospective review of electronic medical records of all patients for whom at least one positive M...
June 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Clement L Ren, Heather N Muston, Ozge Yilmaz, Terry L Noah
Pediatric Pulmonology publishes original research, reviews, and case reports related to a wide range of children's respiratory disorders. We here summarize the past year's publications in our major topic areas, in the context of selected literature in these areas from other journals relevant to our discipline. This review (Part 3 of a 5-part series) covers selected articles on asthma, physiology/lung function testing, and respiratory infections.
May 27, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Gaëtane Michaud
Interventional pulmonology is an innovative branch of pulmonary medicine that uses minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to airway, parenchymal and pleural disease. The authors review recent high impact trials including randomized trials describing the use of endobronchial coils and valves in the management of severe emphysema. We also present novel approaches to the palliation of malignant and benign pleural effusion including increasing the frequency of drainage and instillation of talc via tunneled pleural catheters...
May 24, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Nathan Hilton, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is the most common autosomal recessive disease in white populations, and causes respiratory dysfunction in the majority of individuals. Numerous types of respiratory muscle training to improve respiratory function and health-related quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis have been reported in the literature. Hence a systematic review of the literature is needed to establish the effectiveness of respiratory muscle training (either inspiratory or expiratory muscle training) on clinical outcomes in cystic fibrosis...
May 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Terry Fulmer, Marcus Escobedo, Amy Berman, Mary Jane Koren, Sandra Hernández, Angela Hult
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate physicians' views on advance care planning, goals of care, and end-of-life conversations. DESIGN: Random sample telephone survey. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: Physicians (primary care specialists; pulmonology, cardiology, oncology subspecialists) actively practicing medicine and regularly seeing patients aged 65 and older (N=736; 81% male, 75% white, 66% aged ≥50. MEASUREMENTS: A 37-item telephone survey constructed by a professional polling group with national expert oversight measured attitudes and perceptions of barriers and facilitators to advance care planning...
May 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
William A Gower, David J Birnkrant, Jane B Black, Thomas Nicolai, Terry L Noah
Pediatric Pulmonology publishes original research, case reports and review articles on topics related to a wide range of children's respiratory disorders. In this article (Part 1 of a series), we summarize the past year's publications in our major topic areas, as well as selected literature in these areas from other journals. In Part 1, we review selected articles on diagnostic testing/endoscopy, respiratory complications of neuromuscular disorders, and rare lung diseases.
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
L Hagmeyer, P Haidl, M Westhoff, W Schulte, W Randerath, J Lorenz
AIM OF THE STUDY:  Survey of specialist pulmonary medicine health care structures for patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. METHODS:  The Western German Respiratory Society initiated a voluntary registration of ILD expert centers. Structural quality and processes were evaluated by questionnaire. RESULTS:  49 centers were registered, 46 allowed analysis of their center data (15 pulmonology specialist practices, 34 hospital pulmonology departments)...
May 22, 2018: Pneumologie
M Yang, D H Yang, X Yang, Y S Wang, L Wu, Z M Chen
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on hospitalized MPP patients with atelectasis and received BAL in the Department of Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2015 to July 31, 2017. Fever relieved in 48 hours and chest imaging improved in one week after BAL were considered effective...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Udit Chaddha, Reza Ronaghi, Waafa Elatre, Ching-Fei Chang, Ramyar Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 CHEST consensus guidelines recommend use of either 21- or 22-G needles for endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). We decided to prospectively compare sample adequacy and diagnostic yield of the 19-G with the 22-G EBUS needle, hypothesizing that a larger gauge difference might magnify the differences between 2 needle sizes. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA at our institution were evaluated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Srikantha L Rao, Niraja Rajan
The number of anesthetics for both simple diagnostic and complex therapeutic procedures being performed in non-operating room locations (NORA) in dedicated Interventional Pulmonology Suites have been increasing in the past few years. Anesthesiologists must be familiar with the demands necessitated by the procedures performed by the interventionists and tailor the anesthetic to create a still field while carefully considering the patient's altered pharmacokinetics and reduced cardiopulmonary function and choose a technique that allows prompt recovery and early discharge in these patients, many of whom are elderly and frail...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
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