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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141699/the-chimes-of-freedom
#1
John Harris
This essay brings together work I have done over the past 10 years: on the nature of ethics, on the purpose of ethics, and on its foundations in a way that, I hope, as E.M. Forster put it, connects "the prose and the passion." I deploy lessons learned in this process to identify and face what I believe to be crucial challenges to science and to freedom (as defended by, among others, Cicero, Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan, Thomas Hobbes, John Stuart Mill, and Bertrand Russell). Finally I consider threats to freedom of a different sort, posed by the creation and dissemination of "alternative facts" and by what is sometimes called "super" or "full" artificial intelligence (AI)...
November 16, 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107724/prosthetic-replacement-of-the-ocular-surface-ecosystem-prose-treatment-of-ocular-surface-disease-following-skull-base-tumor-resection
#2
Carolyn E Kloek, Karen W Jeng-Miller, Deborah S Jacobs, Ian F Dunn
Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) treatment is an effective, non-surgical therapeutic option for patients with ocular surface disease related to cranial nerve deficits secondary to skull base tumor resection. This case series describes the impact of PROSE treatment in patients with symptomatic exposure keratopathy or neurotrophic keratitis after skull base tumor surgery. All patients improved symptomatically and functionally with PROSE treatment, and have had sustained improvement for as long as 3 years...
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074305/scleral-lens-after-intracorneal-ring-segments-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#3
Varsha M Rathi, Preeji S Mandathara, Srikanth Dumpati, Virender S Sangwan
BACKGROUND: To report the use of scleral lens (ScCL) to improve vision in patients having keratoconus who had intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) surgery. METHODS: Two eyes of two keratoconus patients fitted with ScCL (PROSE - prosthetic replacement of the ocular surface ecosystem, USA) after having undergone ICRS surgery are reported as noncomparative interventional case series. The ICRS implanted were INTACs and kerarings. Indications, visual acuity with ScCL, complications and follow-up are reported...
October 24, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069200/the-trajectory-of-virg%C3%A3-nia-schall-integration-of-health-education-science-and-literature
#4
Denise Nacif Pimenta, Miriam Struchiner, Simone Monteiro
This article presents Virgínia Schall's professional career, interrupted very early. It highlights her major role in the integration of the fields of Health, Education and Scientific Dissemination in Brazil. The contextualization of her academic and literary production as a researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, demonstrates Virgínia's contribution in strengthening the institution and in the teaching of dozens of researchers and students. With a strong inter- and multidisciplinary approach, she was a pioneer in the field of Health Education, Science Education, and Science Dissemination...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067352/combined-mnemonic-strategy-training-and-high-definition-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-memory-deficits-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Benjamin M Hampstead, Krishnankutty Sathian, Marom Bikson, Anthony Y Stringer
INTRODUCTION: Memory deficits characterize Alzheimer's dementia and the clinical precursor stage known as mild cognitive impairment. Nonpharmacologic interventions hold promise for enhancing functioning in these patients, potentially delaying functional impairment that denotes transition to dementia. Previous findings revealed that mnemonic strategy training (MST) enhances long-term retention of trained stimuli and is accompanied by increased blood oxygen level-dependent signal in the lateral frontal and parietal cortices as well as in the hippocampus...
September 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957033/us-consumers-understanding-of-nutrition-labels-in-2013-the-importance-of-health-literacy
#6
Alexander Persoskie, Erin Hennessy, Wendy L Nelson
INTRODUCTION: We examined US adults' understanding of a Nutrition Facts panel (NFP), which requires health literacy (ie, prose, document, and quantitative literacy skills), and the association between label understanding and dietary behavior. METHODS: Data were from the Health Information National Trends Survey, a nationally representative survey of health information seeking among US adults (N = 3,185) conducted from September 6, 2013, through December 30, 2013...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954367/-the-author-of-yi-du-medicine-reading-and-source-and-history-of-its-editions
#7
S M Wan, X Lu, X G Wang
Yi du (Medicine Reading)was a primer of traditional Chinese medicine. The original author was Wang Ji of the Ming Dynasty, and the book was block-printed and published, after the supplement made by Cheng Yingmao of the Qing Dynasty during the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. The editions of the book preserved in Nanjing Library and China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences was the original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor. The edition in Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the amended version of original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947340/an-audit-comparing-the-reporting-of-staging-mri-scans-for-rectal-cancer-with-the-london-cancer-alliance-lca-guidelines
#8
M R S Siddiqui, A P Shanmuganandan, S Rasheed, P Tekkis, G Brown, A M Abulafi
BACKGROUND: This article focuses on the audit and assessment of clinical practice before and after introduction of MRI reporting guidelines. Standardised proforma based reporting may improve quality of MRI reports. Uptake of the use may be facilitated by endorsement from regional and national cancer organisations. METHODS: This audit was divided into 2 phases. MRI reports issued between April 2014 and June 2014 were included in the first part of our audit. Phase II included MRI reports issued between April 2015 and June 2015...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926308/neuropsychological-differences-between-men-and-women-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Joseph J Ryan, Laura Glass Umfleet, David S Kreiner, Amanda M Fuller, Anthony M Paolo
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that men and women with Alzheimer's disease (AD) at comparable levels of global cognitive impairment perform differently on neuropsychological measures. Such differences may have practical implications for designing cognitive interventions that address symptoms of dementia. METHODS: We compared men (n = 86) and women (n = 96) with AD on tests of immediate and delayed prose memory, verbal fluency, semantic fluency, semantic memory, and confrontation naming...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902010/posterior-amorphous-corneal-dystrophy-associated-with-keratoglobus-a-case-report
#10
Jonathan Fay, Alexandra A Herzlich, George J Florakis
PURPOSE: Posterior amorphous corneal dystrophy (PACD) is a rare disorder characterized by sheet-like opacification of the posterior corneal stroma, corneal thinning, and decreased corneal curvature. It is not known to be associated with progressive corneal ectasia. In this report, we examine the course of a patient with PACD who developed bilateral keratoglobus-type corneal ectasia. METHODS: The clinical history of a single patient is reviewed from birth through age 15...
December 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758317/eccrine-chromhidrosis-in-an-adolescent-with-sickle-cell-disease
#11
Jong G Park, Neil S Prose, Reed Garza
Eccrine chromhidrosis can occur secondary to hyperbilirubinemia. We report an adolescent with sickle cell disease who presented with eccrine chromhidrosis on his palmar and plantar surfaces. He had extremely high levels of conjugated bilirubin but no fever. This is the youngest known reported patient with eccrine chromhidrosis and the first in a patient with sickle cell disease.
July 30, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754599/bioassays-to-evaluate-non-contact-spatial-repellency-contact-irritancy-and-acute-toxicity-of-permethrin-treated-clothing-against-nymphal-ixodes-scapularis-ticks
#12
Lars Eisen, Dominic Rose, Robert Prose, Nicole E Breuner, Marc C Dolan, Karen Thompson, Neeta Connally
Summer-weight clothing articles impregnated with permethrin are available as a personal protective measure against human-biting ticks in the United States. However, very few studies have addressed the impact of contact with summer-weight permethrin-treated textiles on tick vigor and behavior. Our aim was to generate new knowledge of how permethrin-treated textiles impact nymphal Ixodes scapularis ticks, the primary vectors in the eastern United States of the causative agents of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis, and human babesiosis...
October 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750892/getting-poetic-with-data-using-poetry-to-disseminate-the-first-person-voices-of-parents-of-children-with-a-disability
#13
Bernie Carter, Caroline Sanders, Lucy Bray
OBJECTIVE: This paper considers the limitations of traditional prose-based approaches to research dissemination and explores the potential merits and tensions in adopting a poetic approach to disseminate participants' experiences and perspectives. DISCUSSION: Drawing on our experience of using I-poetry to create first-person poems from our research data we discuss the attractiveness of the subjective, expressive and relational opportunities of poetry, and its ability to compress experience and create emotional connections and evoke emotion...
July 4, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749897/role-of-scleral-contact-lenses-in-management-of-coexisting-keratoconus-and-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#14
Varsha M Rathi, Mukesh Taneja, Srikanth Dumpati, Preeji S Mandathara, Virender S Sangwan
PURPOSE: To report the rare coexistence of keratoconus and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) managed with scleral contact lenses (ScCLs). METHODS: This is a retrospective case series. Five patients (9 eyes) who had coexisting SJS and corneal ectasia were identified from the database during the 2-year period. Diagnosis of SJS was based on a positive history of drug reactions, signs of ocular surface disease, and the presence of keratinization of lid margins. Keratoconus was diagnosed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
October 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734592/publishing-with-objective-charisma-breaking-science-s-paradox
#15
Zoë A Doubleday, Sean D Connell
Good writing takes time, but in a research environment where speed is master, is it a superfluous pursuit? Scientists spend most of their working life writing, yet our writing style obstructs its key purpose: communication. We advocate more accessible prose that boosts the influence of our publications. For those who change, the proof of their success will be science that is read, understood, and remembered.
November 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700776/the-linear-nail-streak-a-lesson-in-cultural-humility
#16
Neil S Prose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608756/effects-of-omalizumab-on-rhinovirus-infections-illnesses-and-exacerbations-of-asthma
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ann Esquivel, William W Busse, Agustin Calatroni, Alkis G Togias, Kristine G Grindle, Yury A Bochkov, Rebecca S Gruchalla, Meyer Kattan, Carolyn M Kercsmar, G Khurana Hershey, Haejin Kim, Petra Lebeau, Andrew H Liu, Stanley J Szefler, Stephen J Teach, Joseph B West, Jeremy Wildfire, Jaqueline A Pongracic, James E Gern
RATIONALE: Allergic inflammation has been linked to increased susceptibility to viral illnesses, but it is unclear whether this association is causal. OBJECTIVES: To test whether omalizumab treatment to reduce IgE would shorten the frequency and duration of rhinovirus (RV) illnesses in children with allergic asthma. METHODS: In the PROSE (Preventative Omalizumab or Step-up Therapy for Severe Fall Exacerbations) study, we examined children with allergic asthma (aged 6-17 yr; n = 478) from low-income census tracts in eight U...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583359/narrative-and-natural-history-in-the-eighteenth-century
#18
Mary Terrall
In the eighteenth century, natural histories of animals incorporated narratives about animal behaviour and narratives of discovery and experimentation. Naturalists used first-person accounts to link the stories of their scientific investigations to the stories of the animal lives they were studying. Understanding nature depended on narratives that shifted back and forth in any given text between animal and human, and between individual cases and generalizations about species. This paper explores the uses of narrative through examples from the work of René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur and Abraham Trembley...
April 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558859/acute-memory-and-psychotomimetic-effects-of-cannabis-and-tobacco-both-joint-and-individually-a-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
C Hindocha, T P Freeman, J X Xia, N D C Shaban, H V Curran
BACKGROUND: Cannabis and tobacco have contrasting cognitive effects. Smoking cannabis with tobacco is prevalent in many countries and although this may well influence cognitive and mental health outcomes, the possibility has rarely been investigated in human experimental psychopharmacological research. METHOD: The individual and interactive effects of cannabis and tobacco were evaluated in 24 non-dependent cannabis and tobacco smokers in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, 2 (cannabis, placebo) × 2 (tobacco, placebo) crossover design...
November 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542033/utility-of-prose-device-in-the-management-of-complex-oculoplastic-pathology
#20
Stacy M Scofield-Kaplan, Kristen E Dunbar, Ashley A Campbell, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: To describe the use of Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) device in the management of complex oculoplastic pathology. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of individuals over 18 years of age who were referred and successfully fit with the PROSE scleral device between January 1995 and June 2015. RESULTS: Nine cases were identified that had complex oculoplastic disease and severe corneal surface disease...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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