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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114316/pure-intra-optic-canal-schwannoma-report-of-two-cases
#1
Sayuru Miyamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Masaaki Takeda, Takafumi Mitsuhara, Masahiro Hosogai, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Kaoru Kurisu
We report two cases of "pure intra-optic-canal schwannoma." The first patient was a 67-year-old female who presented with a visual field defect and visual impairment in the right eye, and the second patient was a 17-year-old female with progressive visual impairment. Both patients underwent tumor resection through frontotemporal craniotomy combined with extradural anterior clinoidectomy and unroofing of the optic canal. The tumors were not attached to the optic nerve (ON) and were located exclusively inside the optic canal...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069259/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-mass-resection-of-the-pterygopalatine-fossa
#2
Jan Plzák, Vít Kratochvil, Adam Kešner, Pavol Šurda, Aleš Vlasák, Eduard Zvěřina
OBJECTIVES: Access to the pterygopalatine fossa is very difficult due to its complex anatomy. Therefore, an open approach is traditionally used, but morbidity is unavoidable. To overcome this problem, an endoscopic endonasal approach was developed as a minimally invasive procedure. The surgical aim of the present study was to evaluate the utility of the endoscopic endonasal approach for the management of both benign and malignant tumors of the pterygopalatine fossa. METHOD: We report our experience with the endoscopic endonasal approach for the management of both benign and malignant tumors and summarize recent recommendations...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840085/-pure-suprasellar-schwannoma-presented-with-communicating-hydrocephalus-a-case-report
#3
Tomoya Oishi, Seiya Takehara, Yasuhiro Yamamura, Mamoru Tomida, Shinji Ito, Ken Kuriki, Hiroki Namba
Schwannoma is a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor originating from Schwann cells. Most intracranial schwannomas arise from vestibular nerve and schwannoma in the suprasellar region is extremely rare. A 64-year-old man presented with walking disturbance and blurred vision for three months. Lateral hemianopsia in the left eye and brachybasia were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a suprasellar tumor with strong contrast enhancement associated with communicating hydrocephalus. The cerebrospinal fluid tap test improved gait disturbance...
July 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834919/a-case-of-neurofibromatosis-type-2-with-unusual-clinical-features
#4
Mohamma Zarei, Parisa Hamzeloui, Ramak Rooipoor, Masoud Aghsaei Fard
PURPOSE: To report a case of a neurofibromatosis Type 2 with unusual clinical features. METHODS: Observational clinical case report. RESULTS: A 22-year-old woman was referred with bilateral blurred vision and macular "scars." Ocular examination revealed bilateral posterior subcapsular and cortical cataract, optic disk swelling, hyperpigmented macular lesions, epiretinal membrane, and macular temporal dragging. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic imaging showed bilateral epiretinal membranes, peripapillary nerve fiber layer thickening, and vitreoretinal tractional bands...
August 21, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655484/-anterior-skull-base-schwannoma
#5
Miguel Esquivel-Miranda, Elier De la O Ríos, Emmanuelle Vargas-Valenciano, Eva Moreno-Medina
Schwannomas are nerve sheath tumours that originate in Schwann cells. They are usually solitary and sporadic and manifest on peripheral, spinal or cranial nerves. Intracranial schwannomas tend to manifest on the eighth cranial nerve, particularly in patients with neurofibromatosis type2. Anterior skull-base schwannomas represent less than 1% of all intracranial schwannomas. They are more frequent in young people and are typically benign. These tumours represent a diagnostic challenge due to their rarity and difficult differential diagnosis, and numerous theories have been postulated concerning their origin and development...
November 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566981/isolated-eyelid-schwannoma-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-of-lid-tumor
#6
Nabila H Morsi, Osama Samir AlMansouri, Ebrahim Mohammed AlMansour
Primary Schwannomas of the eyelid are extremely uncommon. It accounts for one percent of orbital tumors. We present a case of isolated eyelid Schwannoma in the lateral canthus of the left eye with no systemic diseases associated. Surgical excisional biopsy was done. In two years follow up, no recurrence or malignant conversion was detected.
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434965/trochlear-schwannoma-presenting-with-isolated-trigeminal-neuralgia
#7
Cody L Nesvick, Avital Perry, Christopher S Graffeo, Aditya Raghunathan, Julie E Hammack, Jamie J Van Gompel
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas arising from the cranial nerves controlling extraocular eye movements are very rare and usually present with some degree of diplopia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 50-year-old woman who presented with isolated left-sided trigeminal neuralgia of 6 months' duration. Imaging demonstrated a homogeneously enhancing mass in the left ambient cistern, and the patient was brought to the operating room for resection. A retrosigmoid approach was used, and the mass was directly visualized arising from the trochlear nerve and compressing the dorsal root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235631/clinicopathological-features-of-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors-involving-the-eye-and-ocular-adnexa
#8
Mingjuan L Zhang, Maria J Suarez, Thomas M Bosley, Fausto J Rodriguez
Peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs) are known to occur in the orbit and comprise 4% of all orbital tumors, but have not been well studied in contemporary literature. Ninety specimens involving the eye and ocular adnexa (1979-2015) from 67 patients were studied. The mean age was 32.5years. Locations included orbit (58.9%), eyelid (60.0%), and other ocular adnexa. Most specimens were neurofibromas (70.0%), followed by schwannomas (11.1%), neuromas (11.1%), granular cell tumors (n=4), nerve sheath myxomas (n=2), and malignant PNST (n=1)...
May 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095610/uveal-schwannoma-in-a-brown-eyed-dog
#9
Todd L Marlo, Elizabeth A Giuliano, Cecil P Moore, Gillian C Shaw, Leandro B C Teixeira
An eleven-year-old, female spayed Boxer dog was diagnosed with a uveal schwannoma (formerly known as the spindle cell tumor of the blue-eyed dog or SCTBED) despite having a uniformly brown iris. The patient presented to emergency for ocular discomfort, and the right globe was subsequently enucleated due to glaucoma and submitted for histopathology. Upon histopathologic evaluation, a uveal schwannoma was diagnosed and confirmed with immunohistochemical staining. Complete metastatic evaluation 1 and 6 months after initial presentation did not reveal evidence of metastasis, and the dog remains systemically healthy...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958212/association-of-bilateral-multiple-presumed-retinal-astrocytic-proliferations-with-combined-hamartoma-of-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium-in-a-9-year-old-male-child-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#10
Pukhraj Rishi, Raj Shri Hirawat, Aditya Verma
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2) is characterized by multifocal proliferation of neural crest-derived cells. The characteristics finding of NF-2 is bilateral vestibular schwannomas. Combined hamartoma of retina and retinal epithelium (CHRRPE) is another associated finding. A 9 year-old-male child presented with left eye decreased vision for 3 months. Visual acuity was 0.0 and 0.8 LogMAR in the right and left eye, respectively. Left fundus showed an elevated, pigmented lesion with surface wrinkling and vascular tortuosity suggestive of CHRRPE with multiple presumed retinal astrocytic proliferations in mid-periphery...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777154/a-retrospective-analysis-of-vision-impairing-tumors-among-467-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#11
Peng Li, Zhenmin Wang, Qiangyi Zhou, Shiwei Li, Jing Zhang, Ying Wang, Xingchao Wang, Bo Wang, Fu Zhao, Pinan Liu, Zhijun Yang
BACKGROUND: Vision is important for patients with hearing loss caused by neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). Tumors adjacent to the anterior visual pathway can potentially impair the vision. Only a few case reports and small-series studies have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features of tumors adjacent to the anterior visual pathway in a large series of patients with NF2. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with potentially vision-impairing tumors were carefully screened from among 467 patients with NF2...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738538/neurofibromatosis-type-2-presenting-with-oculomotor-ophthalmoplegia-and-distal-myopathy
#12
Jessica Mani Penny Tevaraj, Evelyn Tai Li Min, Raja Azmi Mohd Noor, Azhany Yaakub, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam
Neurofibromatosis type 2 usually presents with bilateral acoustic schwannomas. We highlight the rare presentation of neurofibromatosis initially involving third nerve. A 23-year-old Malay female presented with left eye drooping of the upper lid and limitation of upward movement for 8 years. It was associated with right-sided body weakness, change in voice, and hearing disturbance in the right ear for the past 2 years. On examination, there was mild ptosis and limitation of movement superiorly in the left eye...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586244/neurophysiological-intraoperative-monitoring-during-an-optic-nerve-schwannoma-removal
#13
Daniel San-Juan, Manuel Escanio Cortés, Martha Tena-Suck, Adolfo Josué Orozco Garduño, Jesús Alejandro López Pizano, Jonathan Villanueva Domínguez, Maricarmen Fernández Gónzalez-Aragón, Juan Luis Gómez-Amador
This paper reports the case of a patient with optic nerve schwannoma and the first use of neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring of visual evoked potentials during the removal of such tumor with no postoperative visual damage. Schwannomas are benign neoplasms of the peripheral nervous system arising from the neural crest-derived Schwann cells, these tumors are rarely located in the optic nerve and the treatment consists on surgical removal leading to high risk of damage to the visual pathway. Case report of a thirty-year-old woman with an optic nerve schwannoma...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519610/impacts-of-small-vestibular-schwannoma-on-community-ambulation-postural-and-ocular-control
#14
Nancy L Low Choy, Mary-Therese M Lucey, Susan L Lewandowski, Benedict J Panizza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate balance, community mobility, gaze instability, and dizziness handicap and assess falls risk in people who are conservatively managed with small vestibular schwannoma (VS). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with controls. METHODS: The study involved 18 people (mean age 58.7 ± 12.2 years) diagnosed with VS (<12 mm) and 22 age-matched controls (mean age 56.9 ± 8.0 years). Measures included standing on firm and foam surfaces with feet apart, then together with eyes open and closed, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and dual TUG test, Dynamic Gait Index, 6-Minute Walk Test, Halmagyi Impulse Test, Dynamic Visual Acuity Test, and the Dizziness Handicap Inventory...
May 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497041/uncommon-presentation-of-orbital-schwanomma-a-case-report
#15
I Barhmi, R Mahdoufi, A Khallouq, M Tatari, R Abada, M Roubal, M Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas are well-differentiated solitary benign tumors that originate from the schwann cells of the nerve sheath, constitute 1-8% of all head and neck tumors and 1-4% of the orbital tumors. SUMMARY OF THE CLINICAL CASE: A 57-year-old female patient visited our department, because she has a blindness of the right eye associated with an irreducible exophthalmia classified grade III, 4 years ago. Radiological exploration showed a mass in the orbital cone in relation to a probable optic nerve schwannoma confirmed by biopsy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456774/recurrence-after-exenteration-for-canine-orbital-malignant-schwannoma
#16
Seonmi Kang, Jungwhan Yang, Yesran Lee, Hyomyeong Pyo, Jaehoon Kim, Kangmoon Seo
A 14-year-old Maltese dog presented with progressive exophthalmos and external deviation of the right eye. Ultrasonography revealed the presence of a retrobulbar mass and fine-needle aspiration cytology was performed, which detected a malignant mass. There was no evidence of metastasis on thoracic and abdominal radiography. Computed tomography showed no invasion into the bony orbit and no metastasis to the lung or lymph nodes. Exenteration was performed to remove the mass completely. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor was confirmed by histopathological examination...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446622/intraventricular-neurilemmoma-schwannoma-shall-gfap-immunostaining-be-regarded-as-a-histogenetical-tag-or-as-a-mere-histomimetical-trait
#17
Miguel Fdo Salazar, Martha Lilia Tena Suck, Daniel Rembao Bojórquez, Citlaltepetl Salinas Lara
Neurilemmomas are benign neoplasms presumedly derived from Schwann cells which rarely originate within the central nervous system. Moreover, their intraventricular location has been seldom noticed with less than 30 cases reported worldwide. Here, we add another case study to the record as well as the fifth one in Latin American population. A 16-year-old boy without significant past clinical data debuted with headache and progressive left eye blindness during six months. Neuroimaging scans showed a bulky, multiloculated, intraventricular tumour emerging from the posterior horn of the left lateral ventricle...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443231/a-patient-assessed-morbidity-to-evaluate-outcome-in-surgically-treated-vestibular-schwannomas
#18
Abdul Rahman Al-Shudifat, Babar Kahlon, Peter Höglund, Sven Lindberg, Måns Magnusson, Peter Siesjo
OBJECTIVE: Outcome after treatment of vestibular schwannomas can be evaluated by health providers as mortality, recurrence, performance, and morbidity. Because mortality and recurrence are rare events, evaluation has to focus on performance and morbidity. The latter has mostly been reported by health providers. In the present study, we validate 2 new scales for patient-assessed performance and morbidity in comparison with different outcome tools, such as quality of life (QOL) (European Quality of Life-5 dimensions [EQ-5D]), facial nerve score, and work capacity...
October 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409481/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#19
Vanessa Waisberg, Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues, Márcio Bittar Nehemy, Maria Frasson, Débora Marques de Miranda
PURPOSE: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant disease, characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas, multiple central nervous system (CNS) tumors, skin tumors, and juvenile cataract. The present study assessed retinal abnormalities using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in a case series of NF2 patients. METHODS: Nine NF2 patients from the neurofibromatosis outpatient reference center of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, were submitted to a complete anamnesis and a detailed ophthalmic evaluation, including SD-OCT, to detect retinal lesions...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301896/nervus-intermedius-symptoms-following-surgical-or-radiation-therapy-for-vestibular-schwannoma
#20
Kathryn Y Noonan, Cong Rang, Katherine Callahan, Nathan E Simmons, Kadir Erkmen, James E Saunders
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the functional outcomes of nevus intermedius impairment following surgery, radiation, or observation for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: Tertiary care medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 141 charts of patients with a vestibular schwannoma seen in the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Acoustic Neuroma Clinic between 2012 and 2014...
October 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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