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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028525/risk-taking-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-gap-between-real-life-behavior-and-experimental-decision-making
#1
Yehuda Pollak, Reut Shalit, Adi Aran
Adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are prone to suboptimal decision making and risk taking. The aim of this study was to test performance on a theoretically-based probabilistic decision making task in well-characterized adults with and without ADHD, and examine the relation between experimental risk taking and history of real-life risk-taking behavior, defined as cigarette, alcohol, and street drug use. University students with and without ADHD completed a modified version of the Cambridge Gambling Test, in which they had to choose between alternatives varied by level of risk, and reported their history of substance use...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#2
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026749/implementation-of-a-schedule-ii-patient-agreement-for-opioids-and-stimulants-in-an-adult-primary-care-practice
#3
Erin Downey, Wei Pan, Jan Harrison, Esther Poza-Juncal, Paula Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of controlled substances in North Carolina and the nation has created a health crisis with epidemic levels of medication diversion, abuse, overdose and death. Primary care providers are the principal prescribers of controlled substances and at greatest risk of encountering patients that abuse medications. Guidelines recommend patient agreements with monitoring requirements when prescribing opioids and stimulants. Studies have focused on opioids and excluded stimulants...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026502/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-condom-use-barriers-in-iranian-men-with-substance-use-disorders
#4
Effat Sadat Merghati-Khoei, Zahed Rezaei, Davood Shojaei-Zadeh, Nammam Ali Azadi, Shahnaz Rimaz, Alireza Bayat, Saeedeh Moayedi-Nia, Sanaz Omati, Farahnaz Salimi, Jeffrey Korte, Therese Killeen, Minoo Mohraz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) and condom use barriers in Iranian men with substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS: Of the total 1800 outpatient drug free (ODF) and methadone maintenance treatment program (MMTP) active centers in Tehran, Iran, six were selected to participate in the current study. Data were collected (n = 300 men) using three questionnaires including a demographic questionnaire, the Risky Sexual Behavior Questionnaire (RSBQ), and the Condom Barriers Scale (CBS)...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025269/toward-a-qualitative-understanding-of-binge-watching-behaviors-a-focus-group-approach
#5
Maèva Flayelle, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Background and aims Binge-watching (i.e., seeing multiple episodes of the same TV series in a row) now constitutes a widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about the psychological factors underlying this behavior, as reflected by the paucity of available studies, most merely focusing on its potential harmfulness by applying the classic criteria used for other addictive disorders without exploring the uniqueness of binge-watching. This study thus aimed to take the opposite approach as a first step toward a genuine understanding of binge-watching behaviors through a qualitative analysis of the phenomenological characteristics of TV series watching...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024980/comorbid-pain-syndromes-in-hiv-associated-peripheral-neuropathy
#6
Allison Navis, Jocelyn Jiao, Mary Catherine George, David Simpson, Jessica Robinson-Papp
Objective: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common complication of HIV. There is increasing awareness that some forms of PN, particularly small-fiber neuropathies, can be associated with chronic widespread pain syndromes. Given the high prevalence of both PN and chronic pain in HIV, we sought to determine whether patients with a diagnosis of HIV-PN were more likely to experience other chronic pain syndromes. Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Data Warehouse maintained by our institution...
August 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024062/why-run-the-risk-motivation-for-offences-by-patients-with-substance-use-and-antisocial-personality-disorders-which-they-rated-as-most-risky-to-their-own-well-being
#7
Birgitte Thylstrup, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: Understanding motives for offending is important for the development and delivery of effective interventions. AIMS: To explore associations between variables with motivational implications and the offence committed in the past year rated by people with antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder as putting them and their status at most risk. METHODS: Participants were 127 outpatients from a sample recruited for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of an intervention for adults attending substance abuse treatment clinics in 13 municipalities in Denmark...
October 10, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023285/predictors-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-a-large-inpatient-psychiatry-population
#8
Julia Knight, Micaela Jantzi, John Hirdes, Terry Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on reliable and clinically useful predictors of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use. We aimed to examine factors that predict ECT use in an inpatient psychiatric population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of a provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. The study includes all psychiatric inpatients 18 years or older in Ontario, Canada, assessed with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Mental Health (RAI-MH) within the first 3 days of admission between 2009 and 2014 (n = 153,023)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023182/potential-clinical-utility-of-multiple-system-atrophy-biomarkers
#9
Kurt A Jellinger
Multiple system atrophy (MSA), an adult-onset, fatal disorder of uncertain aetiology, characterized by parkinsonism, cerebellar, autonomic and motor dysfunctions, is an α-synucleinopathy with glioneuronal degeneration involving multiple parts of the nervous system. The clinical variants correlate with the morphological phenotypes of striatonigral degeneration (MSA-P), olivoponto-cerebellar atrophy (MSA-C), and mixed type MSA. Neuropathological hallmark is the deposition of aberrant α-synuclein in glia and neurons forming cytoplasmic inclusions that cause cell dysfunction/demise...
October 12, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022727/the-power-of-negative-mood-in-predicting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-comorbidity
#10
Matthew Boland, Jennifer Klosterman Rielage, Tim Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show a high risk of developing substance use disorders (SUD). Many studies have shown that PTSD often precedes SUD, and some studies have been able to identify factors that might predict which individuals might develop subsequent SUD. Attempts to treat PTSD and SUD comorbidity have proven difficult, but new methods for simultaneous treatment have shown promise for treating PTSD. The ability to identify factors that predict PTSD/SUD comorbidity and the advent of new combined treatment methods warrant investigation of how differences in specific types of PTSD symptoms individuals experience might predict who will go on to develop SUD symptoms and thus benefit from new combined treatments...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022138/associated-and-mediating-variables-related-to-quality-of-life-among-service-users-with-mental-disorders
#11
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables associated with quality of life (QoL) and mediating variables among 338 service users with mental disorders in Quebec (Canada). Data were collected using nine standardized questionnaires and participant medical records. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed with the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Independent variables were organized into a six-block conceptual framework. Using structural equation modeling, associated and mediating variables related to QoL were identified...
October 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021122/influencing-quality-of-outpatient-sud-care-implementation-of-alerts-and-incentives-in-washington-state
#12
Deborah W Garnick, Constance M Horgan, Andrea Acevedo, Margaret T Lee, Lee Panas, Grant A Ritter, Kevin Campbell, Jason Bean-Mortinson
Financial incentives for quality improvement and feedback on specific clients are two approaches to improving the quality of treatment for individuals with substance use disorders. We examined the impacts of these interventions in Washington State by randomizing outpatient substance use treatment agencies into intervention and control groups. From October 2013 through December 2015, agencies could earn financial incentives for meeting performance goals incorporating both achievement relative to a benchmark and improvement from agencies' own baselines...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021121/effect-of-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-acquisition-of-coping-skills-among-cocaine-dependent-individuals-enrolled-in-methadone-maintenance
#13
Brian D Kiluk, Elise E DeVito, Matthew B Buck, Karen Hunkele, Charla Nich, Kathleen M Carroll
The acquisition of coping skills has long been considered one of the putative mechanisms of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for substance use disorders, yet consistent statistical support is lacking. This study sought to replicate and extend prior findings regarding the quality of coping skills as a mediator of abstinence outcomes from a computerized CBT program for substance users. Participants were methadone-maintained, cocaine dependent individuals enrolled in a clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of computer-based training for CBT ('CBT4CBT') as an add-on to treatment as usual (TAU+CBT4CBT) compared to TAU only...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021114/a-police-led-addiction-treatment-referral-program-in-gloucester-ma-implementation-and-participants-experiences
#14
Davida M Schiff, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Zoe M Weinstein, Lisa Chan, Megan Bair-Merritt, David Rosenbloom
BACKGROUND: The increasing rates of opioid use disorder and resulting overdose deaths are a public health emergency, yet only a fraction of individuals in need receive treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of and participants' experiences with a novel police-led addiction treatment referral program. METHODS: Follow-up telephone calls to participants in the Gloucester Police Department's Angel Program from June 2015-May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021112/american-counselors-acceptance-of-non-abstinence-outcome-goals-for-clients-diagnosed-with-co-occurring-substance-use-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#15
Alan K Davis, Harold Rosenberg, Joseph A Rosansky
Previous research has examined clinicians' acceptance of non-abstinence for clients who have a substance use disorder (SUD), but many SUD clients also present with a psychiatric disorder. To evaluate the acceptability of non-abstinence as a final outcome goal for clients with co-occurring diagnoses, we recruited a nationwide sample of 751 American substance abuse counselors to complete a web-based questionnaire. Respondents rated the acceptability of limited/moderate consumption by clients diagnosed with each of 18 co-occurring disorders: three psychiatric disorders (Major Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia) x three substances (alcohol, cannabis, opioids) x two levels of severity (DSM-5 Moderate SUD, DSM-5 Severe SUD)...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020263/2017-hivma-of-idsa-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-patients-living-with-hiv
#16
R Douglas Bruce, Jessica Merlin, Paula J Lum, Ebtesam Ahmed, Carla Alexander, Amanda H Corbett, Kathleen Foley, Kate Leonard, Glenn Jordan Treisman, Peter Selwyn
Pain has always been an important part of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and its experience for patients. In this guideline, we review the types of chronic pain commonly seen among persons living with HIV (PLWH) and review the limited evidence base for treatment of chronic noncancer pain in this population. We also review the management of chronic pain in special populations of PLWH, including persons with substance use and mental health disorders. Finally, a general review of possible pharmacokinetic interactions is included to assist the HIV clinician in the treatment of chronic pain in this population...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019523/mental-disorders-and-employment-status-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-metropolitan-area-brazil-gender-differences-and-use-of-health-services
#17
Mariane Henriques França, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Flavia Garcia Pereira, Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de Andrade, Maria Cristina Alochio de Paiva, Maria Carmen Viana
Mental disorders are associated with employment status as significant predictors and as consequences of unemployment and early retirement. This study describes the estimates and associations of 12-month DSM-IV prevalence rates of mental disorders and use of health services with employment status by gender in the São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil. Data from the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey was analyzed (n = 5,037). This is a population-based study assessing the prevalence and determinants of mental disorders among adults, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018381/the-role-of-working-memory-for-cognitive-control-in-anorexia-nervosa-versus-substance-use-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Samantha J Brooks, Sabina G Funk, Susanne Y Young, Helgi B Schiöth
Prefrontal cortex executive functions, such as working memory (WM) interact with limbic processes to foster impulse control. Such an interaction is referred to in a growing body of publications by terms such as cognitive control, cognitive inhibition, affect regulation, self-regulation, top-down control, and cognitive-emotion interaction. The rising trend of research into cognitive control of impulsivity, using various related terms reflects the importance of research into impulse control, as failure to employ cognitions optimally may eventually result in mental disorder...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018160/dopamine-dysregulation-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-of-published-cases
#20
Nicola Warren, Cullen O'Gorman, Alexander Lehn, Dan Siskind
OBJECTIVES: Dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) is an uncommon complication of the treatment of Parkinson's disease, characterised by addictive behaviour and excessive use of dopaminergic medication. DDS may frequently go unrecognised or misdiagnosed. We aimed to clarify current understanding of presentation, risk factors, comorbidities and management of DDS. METHODS: Case reports were identified through a systematic search of databases (PubMed, Embase) with the following terms: dopaminergic dysregulation syndrome, hedonistic homeostatic dysregulation, dopamine/levodopa addiction...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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