keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance use disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724177/natural-molecules-for-the-therapy-of-hyperandrogenism-and-metabolic-disorders-in-pcos
#1
V Cappelli, M C Musacchio, A Bulfoni, G Morgante, V De Leo
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy of women of reproductive age and a complex endocrine condition, due to its heterogeneity and uncertainty about its etiology. However, PCOS is also associated with other metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, and diabetes. There are few medications that are approved for the most common symptoms of PCOS, leading to the off-label use of medications that were approved for other indications...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724151/assessment-of-addiction-medicine-training-in-family-medicine-residency-programs-a-cera-study
#2
Sebastian Tong, Roy Sabo, Rebecca Aycock, Ramakrishna Prasad, Rebecca Etz, Anton Kuzel, Alex Krist
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a widespread problem but physicians may feel inadequately prepared to provide addiction care. We sought to assess current addiction medicine curricula in US family medicine residencies (FMRs) and evaluate barriers to improving or implementing addiction medicine curricula. METHODS: Questions regarding addiction medicine training were added to the December 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey to US FMR program directors to evaluate each FMR's curriculum, potential workforce production, perceived barriers to improving or implementing curricula and faculty training in addiction medicine...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723949/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-after-lorca-s-earthquakes-2011-murcia-spain-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Diego Salmerón, Gemma Vilagut, Mª José Tormo, Guadalupe Ruíz-Merino, Teresa Escámez, Javier Júdez, Salvador Martínez, Karestan C Koenen, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler
AIMS: To describe the prevalence and severity of mental disorders and to examine differences in risk among those with and without a lifetime history prior to a moderate magnitude earthquake that took place in Lorca (Murcia, Spain) at roughly the mid-point (on May 11, 2011) of the time interval in which a regional epidemiological survey was already being carried out (June 2010 -May 2012). METHODS: The PEGASUS-Murcia project is a cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey of a representative sample of non-institutionalized adults in Murcia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723312/alcohol-marijuana-and-opioid-use-disorders-5-year-patterns-and-characteristics-of-emergency-department-encounters
#4
Amber L Bahorik, Derek D Satre, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Constance M Weisner, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Cynthia I Campbell
BACKGROUND: Changes in substance use patterns stemming from opioid misuse, ongoing drinking problems, and marijuana legalization may result in new populations of patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) using emergency department (ED) resources. This study examined ED admission trends in a large sample of patients with alcohol, marijuana, and opioid use disorder in an integrated health system. METHODS: In a retrospective design, electronic health record (EHR) data identified patients with ≥ 1 of three common SUDs in 2010 (n = 17,574; alcohol, marijuana, or opioid use disorder) and patients without SUD (n = 17,574)...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723266/age-of-initiation-psychopathology-and-other-substance-use-are-associated-with-time-to-use-disorder-diagnosis-in-persons-using-opioids-nonmedically
#5
Ty S Schepis, Jahn K Hakes
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is an ongoing public health challenge, as NMUPO is associated with psychopathology, other drug use and fatal overdose. These concomitant risks are greatest in those with opioid use disorder (OUD), but the development of NMUPO-related use disorder is poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to establish factors associated with the development of and time to OUD among persons engaged in NMUPO. METHODS: Data were from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, with 1,755 participants endorsing lifetime NMUPO...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723251/asi-profile-of-persons-who-re-enter-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#6
Hélène Simoneau, Serge Brochu
Despite a growing interest in persons with multiple treatment re-entries, few studies have defined their clinical profile. The aim of this study was to compare the severity profile of substance use disorder and related problems of persons who re-enter treatment to the profile of those who come in for treatment for the first time. A data bank containing 6,651 Addiction Severity Index (ASI) interviews from three rehabilitation centers was used for the analyses. All the ASI composite scores were significantly higher among persons who re-entered treatment than among those who came for the first time...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721824/potential-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-hesperidin-from-the-genus-citrus
#7
Silvia Tejada, Samuel Pinya, Miquel Martorell, Xavier Capó, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
The benefits of the Mediterranean diet for protecting against many diseases are usually attributed to high consumption of certain foods, characterized by the presence of bioactive substances such as polyphenols. Citrus fruits, which are cultivated and consumed worldwide, are typical products of the Mediterranean diet. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases such as arthritis, allergies and neurodegenerative disorders, among others. Dietary polyphenols constitute a large family of bioactive substances with potential beneficial effects against a broad group of diseases...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721546/health-benefits-observed-after-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-ccm-7421-application-in-dogs
#8
REVIEW
Viola Strompfová, Ivana Kubašová, Andrea Lauková
The importance of the intestinal microbiota has attracted much interest in recent years particularly with respect to ways in which the microbiota can be manipulated in order to improve health. Improving gut health through the use of probiotic microorganisms has become an area of research activity in both human and animal nutrition. However, the amount of research using companion animals is insufficient. The present review evaluates and compares the effects achieved after application of canine-derived probiotic strain Lactobacillus fermentum CCM 7421 to healthy dogs as well as to dogs suffering from gastrointestinal disorders...
July 18, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721538/-methamphetamine-epidemiology-clinical-importance-and-sequelae-of-abuse
#9
N Arnaud, T Thomasius
Methamphetamine (also known as meth and crystal meth) is a highly psychoactive synthetic amphetamine type stimulant, which falls under the German Federal Narcotics Law. The substance is similar to other stimulants but has distinct features with respect to psychoactive effects, clinical symptoms, user characteristics and short and long-term consequences including substance-induced problems and comorbidities. The consumption and misuse of crystal meth is still limited to certain regions in Germany; however, the substance causes significant clinical and public health concerns in the affected regions and beyond due to the associated high potential for misuse and dependence, neurotoxic and neurodegenerative effects as well as many other severe health risks...
July 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720721/predictors-of-repeat-visits-to-hospital-psychiatric-emergency-departments-in-malaga-spain-and-in-lisbon-portugal
#10
Berta Moreno-Kã Stner, Ingeborg Warnke, Carlos Nordt, Gemma Fernandez, Josà Ramos, Pedro Paulino-Matos, Wulf Rössler, Graça Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the profile of people with mental disorders attending emergency departments (EDs) in two countries and to identify specific mental disorders associated with repeat emergency visits. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of 1 year of EDs data from two hospitals with psychiatric departments, one in Amadora/Sintra (Lisbon, Portugal, 2008) and the other in Malaga (Spain, 2009), were carried out. To determine which mental disorders were associated with repeat visits in each setting, negative binomial models were calculated...
July 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720118/inhibiting-function-of-human-fetal-dermal-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-bioactivities-of-keloid-fibroblasts
#11
Ya Jiao, Xiao Wang, Jixun Zhang, Yongjun Qi, Hongmin Gong, Duyin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Keloid is one kind of benign skin disease caused by hyperplasia of fibroblasts and collagen fibrils. It is refractory due to the lack of an effective treatment at present, which puts pressure on seeking a new therapeutic regimen. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from fetal skin are considered to play a crucial role in scarless healing. Nevertheless, the efficacy of them in keloid disorders remains poorly understood. METHODS: Keloid fibroblasts (KFs), human adult dermal fibroblasts (ADFs), and human fetal dermal mesenchymal stem cells (FDMSCs) were isolated to single cells and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)...
July 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719096/the-effect-of-state-laws-designed-to-prevent-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-on-overdose-deaths-and-treatment
#12
Ioana Popovici, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Bushra Hijazi, Sharmini Radakrishnan
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has reached epidemic levels in the United States and globally. In response, federal, state, and local governments are taking actions to address substantial increases in prescription opioid addiction and its associated harms. This study examines the effect of two state laws specifically designed to curtail access to prescription opioids to nonmedical users: pain management clinic and doctor shopping laws. We use administrative data on overdose deaths and admissions to specialty substance use disorder treatment coupled with a differences-in-differences design...
July 18, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718830/exploring-relationships-between-recurrent-binge-eating-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-women-over-two-years
#13
Henry Kewen Lu, Haider Mannan, Phillipa Hay
(1) Background: With the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), numerous parallels have been drawn between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and substance use disorders, with many authors examining RBE or binge eating disorder (BED) as a "food addiction". The present study aims to clarify the relationship between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and illicit substance use (ISU) through investigating the temporal association between the two problems. (2) Methods: This study was embedded within a larger longitudinal study of non-clinical adult women recruited from Australian tertiary institutions...
July 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#14
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716049/comparison-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criteria-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-va-primary-care-patients-with-frequent-heavy-drinking-enrolled-in-a-trial
#15
Traci Takahashi, Gwen Lapham, Laura J Chavez, Amy K Lee, Emily C Williams, Julie E Richards, Diane Greenberg, Anna Rubinsky, Douglas Berger, Eric J Hawkins, Joseph O Merrill, Katharine A Bradley
BACKGROUND: Criteria for alcohol use disorders (AUD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) were intended to result in a similar prevalence of AUD as DSM-IV. We evaluated the prevalence of AUD using DSM-5 and DSM-IV criteria, and compared characteristics of patients who met criteria for: neither DSM-5 nor DSM-IV AUD, DSM-5 alone, DSM-IV alone, or both, among Veterans Administration (VA) outpatients in the Considering Healthier drinking Options In primary CarE (CHOICE) trial...
July 18, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715290/trainees-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-caring-for-the-substance-exposed-mother-infant-dyad
#16
Davida M Schiff, Barry Zuckerman, Elisha M Wachman, Megan Bair-Merritt
BACKGROUND: As rates of substance use disorder during pregnancy rise, pediatric trainees are increasingly caring for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). This study evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of trainees caring for substance-exposed newborns and their families, comparing differences by level and type of training, and personal experience with addiction or trauma. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of medical students, pediatric, medicine/pediatrics and family medicine residents in 2015-2106...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714722/pilot-testing-the-daily-activities-list-for-inmates-dali-item-evaluation-and-content-validity
#17
Philip R Magaletta, Rokas Perskaudas, Christina J Connors, Marc W Patry, Jarrod Reisweber, Alix McLearen
Scheduling enjoyable daily activities is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy intervention used in the treatment of depression and substance abuse disorders that are prevalent disorders among inmates. To effectively use this intervention with inmates, an activities list with items ecologically sensitive to the correctional setting needs to be created. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate items; thus, establishing a content valid Daily Activities List for Inmates (DALI). Fifteen corrections professionals representing a wide range of disciplines and managerial backgrounds served as subject matter experts (SMEs)...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#18
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714392/natural-steroids-and-androgen-antagonists-used-as-neuroprotectives-in-common-neurological-disorders
#19
David Calderon Guzman, Hugo Juarez Olguin, Ernestina Hernandez Garcia, Monica Punzo Soto, Mayra Santillan Garcia, Gerardo Barragan Mejia
Multiple classes of natural products, such as antiandrogens or steroids have been used as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory treatments in neurodegenerative diseases. This paper aims to review current knowledge on these substances and their possible relationship with free radicals as an alternative therapy and prevention of common neurological disorders. An exhaustive review of the neurochemical mechanisms of these substances in the central nervous system of humans and animal models has yet to be undertaken in the literature, particularly regarding their importance and increasing use...
July 14, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714184/research-review-what-have-we-learned-about-adolescent-substance-use
#20
REVIEW
Kevin M Gray, Lindsay M Squeglia
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical biological, psychological, and social developmental stage involving heightened risk for substance use and associated adverse consequences. This review, synthesizing emerging findings on this complex topic, is intended to inform research and clinical care focused on adolescents. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, yielding a cross-section of observational and interventional studies focused on adolescent substance use...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
keyword
keyword
18006
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"