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RNA binding proteins

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820908/ribosomopathy-like-properties-of-murine-and-human-cancers
#1
Sucheta Kulkarni, James M Dolezal, Huabo Wang, Laura Jackson, Jie Lu, Brian P Frodey, Atinuke Dosunmu-Ogunbi, Youjun Li, Marc Fromherz, Audry Kang, Lucas Santana-Santos, Panayiotis V Benos, Edward V Prochownik
Ribosomopathies comprise a heterogeneous group of hematologic and developmental disorders, often characterized by bone marrow failure, skeletal and other developmental abnormalities and cancer predisposition. They are associated with mutations and/or haplo-insufficiencies of ribosomal proteins (RPs) and inefficient ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing. The resulting ribosomal stress induces the canonical p19ARF/Mdm2/p53 tumor suppressor pathway leading to proliferative arrest and/or apoptosis. It has been proposed that this pathway is then inactivated during subsequent neoplastic evolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820895/identification-of-leishmania-donovani-antigen-in-circulating-immune-complexes-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-subjects-for-diagnosis
#2
Fauzia Jamal, Pushkar Shivam, Sarita Kumari, Manish Kumar Singh, Abul Hasan Sardar, Pushpanjali, Selvasankar Murugesan, Shyam Narayan, Anil Kumar Gupta, Krishna Pandey, V N R Das, Vahab Ali, Sanjiva Bimal, Pradeep Das, Shubhankar K Singh
The unreliability of most of the existing antibody-based diagnostic kits to discriminate between active and treated VL cases, relapse situation and reinfection are a major hurdle in controlling the cases of Kala-azar in an endemic area. An antigen targeted diagnostic approaches can be an attractive strategy to overcome these problems. Hence, this study was focused on identifying the Leishmania antigens, lies in circulating immune complex (CICs), can be used for diagnostic as well as prognostic purposes. The present study was conducted on peripheral blood samples of 115 human subjects, based on isolation of CICs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820325/small-alarmone-synthetases-as-novel-bacterial-rna-binding-proteins
#3
Vasili Hauryliuk, Gemma C Atkinson
The alarmone nucleotides guanosine pentaphosphate (pppGpp) and tetraphosphate (ppGpp), collectively referred to as (p)ppGpp, are key regulators of bacterial growth, stress adaptation, antibiotic tolerance and pathogenicity. We have recently shown that the Small Alarmone Synthetase (SAS) RelQ from the Gram-positive pathogen Enterococcus faecalis has an RNA-binding activity (Beljantseva et al. 2017). RelQ's activities as an enzyme and as a RNA-binding protein are mutually incompatible: binding of single-stranded RNA potently inhibits (p)ppGpp synthesis in a sequence-specific manner, and RelQ's enzymatic activity destabilizes the RNA:RelQ complex...
August 18, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819260/thermodynamic-and-kinetic-analyses-of-iron-response-element-ire-mrna-binding-to-iron-regulatory-protein-irp1
#4
Mateen A Khan, William E Walden, Elizabeth C Theil, Dixie J Goss
Comparison of kinetic and thermodynamic properties of IRP1 (iron regulatory protein1) binding to FRT (ferritin) and ACO2 (aconitase2) IRE-RNAs, with or without Mn(2+), revealed differences specific to each IRE-RNA. Conserved among animal mRNAs, IRE-RNA structures are noncoding and bind Fe(2+) to regulate biosynthesis rates of the encoded, iron homeostatic proteins. IRP1 protein binds IRE-RNA, inhibiting mRNA activity; Fe(2+) decreases IRE-mRNA/IRP1 binding, increasing encoded protein synthesis. Here, we observed heat, 5 °C to 30 °C, increased IRP1 binding to IRE-RNA 4-fold (FRT IRE-RNA) or 3-fold (ACO2 IRE-RNA), which was enthalpy driven and entropy favorable...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819114/isothermal-amplification-of-long-discrete-dna-fragments-facilitated-by-single-stranded-binding-protein
#5
Yinhua Zhang, Nathan A Tanner
Isothermal amplification methods for detection of DNA and RNA targets have expanded significantly in recent years, promising a new wave of simple and rapid molecular diagnostics. Current isothermal methods result in the generation of short fragments (<150 base pairs) or highly branched long DNA products. Here we report the amplification of discrete target fragments of several kilobases at 37 °C from both double- and single-stranded circular template DNA using specific primer pairs. In contrast to existing methods, this amplification requires only the single-stranded DNA-binding protein gp32 from bacteriophage T4 and a strand-displacing DNA polymerase...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818525/whole-transcriptome-microarray-analysis-reveals-regulation-of-rab4-by-rbm5-in-neurons
#6
Travis C Jackson, Shawn E Kotermanski, Patrick M Kochanek
RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) is a nuclear protein that modulates gene transcription and mRNA splicing in cancer cells. The brain is among the highest RBM5 expressing organ in the body but its mRNA target(s) or functions in the CNS have not been elucidated. Here we knocked down (KO) RBM5 in primary rat cortical neurons and analyzed total RNA extracts by gene microarray vs. neurons transduced with lentivirus to deliver control (non-targeting) shRNA. The mRNA levels of Sec23A (involved in ER-Golgi transport) and the small GTPase Rab4a (involved in endocytosis/protein trafficking) were increased in RBM5 KO neurons relative to controls...
August 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818508/the-role-of-the-il-8-signaling-pathway-in-the-infiltration-of-granulocytes-into-the-livers-of-patients-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#7
S W French, A S Mendoza, N Afifiyan, B Tillman, E Vitocruz, B A French
BACKGROUND AND AIM: IL-8 (C-X-L motif chemokine ligase 8) and CXCR2 (C-X-C-motif chemokine receptor 2) are up regulated in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) liver biopsies. One of the consequences is the attraction and chemotactic neutrophilic infiltrate seen at the AH stage of alcoholic liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) liver biopsies from patients who have AH were studied by (2.1) RNA sequencing, (2.2) PCR and (2.3) semi quantitation of specific proteins in biopsy sections using immunohistochemical measurements of antibody fluorescent intensity with morphometric technology...
August 14, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817968/destabilizing-the-interplay-between-mir-1275-and-igf2bps-by-tamarix-articulata-and-quercetin-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Yasmin M Shaalan, H Handoussa, R A Youness, R A Assal, A H El-Khatib, M W Linscheid, H M El Tayebi, A I Abdelaziz
Insulin-like growth factor-2 binding proteins (IGF2BPs) are oncogenic RNA-binding proteins, highly up-regulated in HCC, and were recently validated as direct targets of the tumour suppressor miR-1275. It is worth noting that around 47% of FDA approved anticancer drugs are derived from plants. Modulation by miRNAs and their cellular signalling cascades could constitute new pathways by which these phytochemicals exert their effects. This study aimed to investigate the potential use of Tamarix articulata, quercetin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in HCC and how these phytochemicals could epigenetically modulate the IGF axis using their impact on miR-1275...
August 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817800/tia1-mutations-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-frontotemporal-dementia-promote-phase-separation-and-alter-stress-granule-dynamics
#9
Ian R Mackenzie, Alexandra M Nicholson, Mohona Sarkar, James Messing, Maria D Purice, Cyril Pottier, Kavya Annu, Matt Baker, Ralph B Perkerson, Aishe Kurti, Billie J Matchett, Tanja Mittag, Jamshid Temirov, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Charles Krieger, Melissa E Murray, Masato Kato, John D Fryer, Leonard Petrucelli, Lorne Zinman, Sandra Weintraub, Marsel Mesulam, Julia Keith, Sasha A Zivkovic, Veronica Hirsch-Reinshagen, Raymond P Roos, Stephan Züchner, Neill R Graff-Radford, Ronald C Petersen, Richard J Caselli, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Elizabeth Finger, Carol Lippa, David Lacomis, Heather Stewart, Dennis W Dickson, Hong Joo Kim, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Eileen Bigio, Kevin B Boylan, J Paul Taylor, Rosa Rademakers
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are age-related neurodegenerative disorders with shared genetic etiologies and overlapping clinical and pathological features. Here we studied a novel ALS/FTD family and identified the P362L mutation in the low-complexity domain (LCD) of T cell-restricted intracellular antigen-1 (TIA1). Subsequent genetic association analyses showed an increased burden of TIA1 LCD mutations in ALS patients compared to controls (p = 8.7 × 10(-6)). Postmortem neuropathology of five TIA1 mutations carriers showed a consistent pathological signature with numerous round, hyaline, TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43)-positive inclusions...
August 16, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817612/expression-and-functional-implications-of-the-renal-apelinergic-system-in-rodents
#10
Anne-Marie O'Carroll, Sabrine Salih, Philip R Griffiths, Aarifah Bijabhai, Mark A Knepper, Stephen J Lolait
Apelin binds to the G protein-coupled apelin receptor (APJ; gene name aplnr) to modulate diverse physiological systems including cardiovascular function, and hydromineral and metabolic balance. Recently a second endogenous ligand for APJ, named apela, has been discovered. We confirm that apela activates signal transduction pathways (ERK activation) in cells expressing the cloned rat APJ. Previous studies suggest that exogenous apela is diuretic, attributable wholly or in part to an action on renal APJ. Thus far the cellular distribution of apela in the kidney has not been reported...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816938/advanced-glycation-end-products-promote-chrebp-expression-and-cell-proliferation-in-liver-cancer-cells-by-increasing-reactive-oxygen-species
#11
Hanbei Chen, Yakui Li, Yemin Zhu, Lifang Wu, Jian Meng, Ning Lin, Dianqiang Yang, Minle Li, WenJin Ding, Xuemei Tong, Qing Su
The aim of the study was to elucidate the mechanism by which advanced glycation end products (AGEs) promote cell proliferation in liver cancer cells.We treated liver cancer HepG2 cells with 200 mg/L AGEs or bovine serum albumin (BSA) and assayed for cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis. We performed real-time PCR and Western blot analysis for RNA and protein levels of carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) in AGEs- or BSA-treated HepG2 cells. We analyzed the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HepG2 cells treated with AGEs or BSA...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816616/transfer-rna-mediated-enhancement-of-ribosomal-proteins-s6-kinases-signalling-for-cell-proliferation
#12
Nam Hoon Kwon, Mi Ran Lee, Jiwon Kong, Seung Kyun Park, Byung Joon Hwang, Byung Gyu Kim, Eun-Shin Lee, Hyeong-Gon Moon, Sunghoon Kim
While transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are known to transport amino acids to ribosome, new functions are being unveiled from tRNAs and their fragments beyond protein synthesis. Here we show that phosphorylation of 90-kDa RPS6K (ribosomal proteins S6 kinase) was enhanced by tRNA(Leu) overexpression under amino acids starvation condition. The phosphorylation of 90-kDa RPS6K was decreased by siRNA specific to tRNA(Leu) and was independent to mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signalling. Among the 90-kDa RPS6K family, RSK1 (ribosomal S6 kinase 1) and MSK2 (mitogen-and stress-activated protein kinase 2) were the major kinases phosphorylated by tRNA(Leu) overexpression...
August 17, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816235/g3bp2-is-involved-in-isoproterenol-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-through-activating-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#13
Hui-Qi Hong, Jing Lu, Xiu-Li Fang, Yu-Hong Zhang, Yi Cai, Jing Yuan, Pei-Qing Liu, Jian-Tao Ye
The RasGAP SH3 domain-binding proteins (G3BPs) are a family of RNA-binding proteins that can co-ordinate signal transduction and post-transcriptional gene regulation. G3BPs have been shown to be involved in mediating a great diversity of cellular processes such as cell survival, growth, proliferation and apoptosis. But the potential roles of G3BPs in the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular diseases remain to be clarified. In the present study, we provide the first evidence that suggests the participation of G3BP2 in cardiac hypertrophy...
August 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815851/basics-of-genome-editing-technology-and-its-application-in-livestock-species
#14
REVIEW
Bjoern Petersen
In the last decade, the research community has witnessed a blooming of targeted genome editing tools and applications. Novel programmable DNA nucleases such as zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like endonucleases (TALENs) and the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 system (CRISPR/Cas9) possess long recognition sites and are capable of cutting DNA in a very specific manner. These DNA nucleases mediate targeted genetic alterations by enhancing the DNA mutation rate via induction of double-strand breaks at a predetermined genomic site...
August 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815582/activation-of-twist1-by-col11a1-promotes-chemoresistance-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-modulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-ikk%C3%AE-expression
#15
Yi-Hui Wu, Yu-Fang Huang, Tzu-Hao Chang, Cheng-Yang Chou
We have shown that collagen type XI alpha 1 (COL11A1) promotes ovarian cancer progression and is associated with chemoresistance to cisplatin and paclitaxel in ovarian cancer cells. Here, we demonstrate how COL11A1 regulates twist family basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1-related protein 1 (TWIST1) to induce chemoresistance and inhibit apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Small interfering RNA-mediated reduction in COL11A1 protein levels increased the chemosensitivity to cisplatin and paclitaxel via downregulated TWIST1 expression...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815213/identification-of-rab18-as-an-essential-host-factor-for-bk-polyomavirus-infection-using-a-whole-genome-rna-interference-screen
#16
Linbo Zhao, Michael J Imperiale
BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) is a human pathogen first isolated in 1971. BKPyV infection is ubiquitous in the human population, with over 80% of adults worldwide being seropositive for BKPyV. BKPyV infection is usually asymptomatic; however, BKPyV reactivation in immunosuppressed transplant patients causes two diseases, polyomavirus-associated nephropathy and hemorrhagic cystitis. To establish a successful infection in host cells, BKPyV must travel in retrograde transport vesicles to reach the nucleus. To make this happen, BKPyV requires the cooperation of host cell proteins...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814520/contributions-of-individual-domains-to-function-of-the-hiv-1-rev-response-element
#17
Ina P O'Carroll, Yashna Thappeta, Lixin Fan, Edric A Ramirez-Valdez, Sean Smith, Yun-Xing Wang, Alan Rein
The HIV-1 Rev response element (RRE) is a 351-base element in unspliced and partially spliced viral RNA; binding of the RRE by the viral Rev protein induces nuclear export of RRE-containing RNAs, as required for virus replication. It contains one long, imperfect double helix (domain I), one branched domain (domain II) containing a high-affinity Rev-binding site, and two or three additional domains. We previously reported that the RRE assumes an "A" shape in solution and suggested that the location of the Rev binding sites in domains I and II, opposite each other on the two legs of the A, is optimal for Rev binding and explains Rev's specificity for RRE-containing RNAs...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813705/the-lncrna-tug1-ezh2-axis-promotes-pancreatic-cancer-cell-proliferation-migration-and-emt-phenotype-formation-through-sponging-mir-382
#18
Liang Zhao, Hongwei Sun, Hongru Kong, Zongjing Chen, Bicheng Chen, Mengtao Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pancreatic carcinoma (PC) is the one of the most common and malignant cancers worldwide. LncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) was initially identified as a transcript upregulated by taurine, and the abnormal expression of TUG1 has been reported in many cancers. However, the biological role and molecular mechanism of TUG1 in PC still needs further investigation. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the expression of TUG1 in PC cell lines and tissues...
August 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812395/current-research-on-circular-rnas-associated-with-colorectal-cancer
#19
Penghui Wang, Xiaodong He
Representing a novel type of endogenous noncoding RNAs, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently gained much attention for their involvement in multiple biological processes. CircRNAs are ubiquitously expressed in eukaryotic cells and modulate gene expression by acting as sponges of microRNAs (miRNAs) or other proteins, such as RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). Due to their unique structure, circRNAs are more stable than linear RNAs. Expression profiles of circRNAs are associated with clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer patients, such as differentiation, TNM classification and distant metastasis...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812276/arundic-acid-increases-expression-and-function-of-astrocytic-glutamate-transporter-eaat1-via-the-erk-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#20
Pratap Karki, Peter Hong, James Johnson, Edward Pajarillo, Deok-Soo Son, Michael Aschner, Eunsook Y Lee
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, but excessive synaptic glutamate must be removed to prevent excitotoxic injury and death. Two astrocytic glutamate transporters, excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT) 1 and 2, play a major role in eliminating excess glutamate from the synapse. Dysregulation of EAAT1 contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), ataxia, traumatic brain injuries, and glaucoma. In the present study, we investigated the effect of arundic acid on EAAT1 to determine its efficacy in enhancing the expression and function of EAAT1, and its possible mechanisms of action...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
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