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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031453/whole-genome-comparison-of-urinary-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-and-faecal-isolates-of-uti-patients-and-healthy-controls
#1
Karen Leth Nielsen, Marc Stegger, Kristoffer Kiil, Paul A Godfrey, Michael Feldgarden, Berit Lilje, Paal S Andersen, Niels Frimodt-Møller
The faecal flora is a common reservoir for urinary tract infection (UTI), and Escherichia coli (E. coli) is frequently found in this reservoir without causing extraintestinal infection. We investigated these E. coli reservoirs by whole-genome sequencing a large collection of E. coli from healthy controls (faecal), who had never previously had UTI, and from UTI patients (faecal and urinary) sampled from the same geographical area. We compared MLST types, phylogenetic relationship, accessory genome content and FimH type between patient and control faecal isolates as well as between UTI and faecal-only isolates, respectively...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024820/coating-of-silicone-with-mannoside-pamam-dendrimers-to-enhance-formation-of-non-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-biofilms-against-colonization-of-uropathogens
#2
Zhiling Zhu, Fei Yu, Haoqing Chen, Jun Wang, Analette I Lopez, Quan Chen, Siheng Li, Yuyu Long, Rabih O Darouiche, Richard A Hull, Lijuan Zhang, Chengzhi Cai
Bacterial interference using non-pathogenic Escherichia coli 83972 is a novel strategy for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Crucial to the success of this strategy is to establish a high coverage and stable biofilm of the non-pathogenic bacteria on the catheter surface. However, this non-pathogenic strain is sluggish to form biofilms on silicone as the most widely used material for urinary catheters. We have addressed this issue by modifying the silicone catheter surfaces with mannosides that promote the biofilm formation, but the stability of the non-pathogenic biofilms challenged by uropathogens over long-term remains a concern...
October 9, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987619/genetic-diversity-phylogroup-distribution-and-virulence-gene-profile-of-pks-positive-escherichia-coli-colonizing-human-intestinal-polyps
#3
Meysam Sarshar, Daniela Scribano, Massimiliano Marazzato, Cecilia Ambrosi, Maria Rita Aprea, Marta Aleandri, Annamaria Pronio, Catia Longhi, Mauro Nicoletti, Carlo Zagaglia, Anna Teresa Palamara, Maria Pia Conte
Some Escherichia coli strains of phylogroup B2 harbor a (pks) pathogenicity island that encodes a polyketide-peptide genotoxin called colibactin. It causes DNA double-strand breaks and megalocytosis in eukaryotic cells and it may contribute to cancer development. Study of bacterial community that colonizes the adenomatous polyp lesion, defined as precancerous lesions, could be helpful to assess if such pathogenic bacteria possess a role in the polyp progression to cancer. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1500 E...
October 5, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976770/level-of-fimbriation-alters-the-adhesion-of-escherichia-coli-bacteria-to-interfaces
#4
Ryan B McLay, Hang N Nguyen, Yuly Andrea Jaimes-Lizcano, Narendra K Dewangan, Simone Alexandrova, Debora F Rodrigues, Patrick C Cirino, Jacinta C Conrad
Adhesion of bacteria to interfaces is the first step in pathogenic infection, in biofilm formation, and in bioremediation of oil spills and other pollutants. Bacteria use a variety of surface structures to promote interfacial adhesion, with the level of expression of these structures varying in response to local conditions and environmental signals. Here, we investigated how overexpression of type 1 fimbriae, one such appendage, modifies the ability of Escherichia coli to adhere to solid substrates, via biofilm formation and yeast agglomeration, and to oil/water interfaces, via a microbial adhesion to hydrocarbon assay...
October 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915364/nosocomial-multidrug-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains-isolated-from-mexico-city-produce-robust-biofilms-on-abiotic-surfaces-but-not-on-human-lung-cells
#5
Martha Lorena Ostria-Hernandez, Karla Cecilia Juárez-de la Rosa, Patricia Arzate-Barbosa, Antonino Lara-Hernández, Fuminori Sakai, J Antonio Ibarra, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli, Jorge E Vidal
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kpn) strains are a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections, including ventilator-associated pneumonia. Resistance to antibiotics, biofilm formation, and the production of certain fimbriae play an important role in the pathogenesis. AIM: We investigated the genetic relatedness, antibiotic resistance, virulence potential, and ability to form biofilms of Kpn strains isolated from hospital-acquired infections (n = 76). Strains were isolated at three major hospitals serving the largest metropolitan urban area in Mexico City, Mexico...
September 15, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808163/role-for-fimh-in-extraintestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-invasion-and-translocation-through-the-intestinal-epithelium
#6
Nina M Poole, Sabrina I Green, Anubama Rajan, Luz E Vela, Xi-Lei Zeng, Mary K Estes, Anthony W Maresso
The translocation of bacteria across the intestinal epithelium of immunocompromised patients can lead to bacteremia and life-threatening sepsis. Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC), so named because this pathotype infects tissues distal to the intestinal tract, is a frequent cause of such infections, is often multidrug resistant, and chronically colonizes a sizable portion of the healthy population. Although several virulence factors and their roles in pathogenesis are well described for ExPEC strains that cause urinary tract infections and meningitis, they have not been linked to translocation through intestinal barriers, a fundamentally distant yet important clinical phenomenon...
November 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770174/the-novel-type-1-fimbriae-fimh-receptor-calreticulin-plays-a-role-in-salmonella-host-specificity
#7
Krzysztof Grzymajlo, Maciej Ugorski, Jaroslaw Suchanski, Anna E Kedzierska, Rafal Kolenda, Anna Jarzab, Agnieszka Biernatowska, Peter Schierack
It was suggested that minor differences in the structure of FimH are most likely associated with differences in its adhesion specificities and may determine the tropism of various Salmonella serovars to different species and tissues. We have recently shown that FimH adhesins from host-adapted serovars, e.g., Salmonella Choleraesuis (SCh), bind to other glycoprotein receptors compared to FimH from host-unrestricted Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). Here we identify porcine calreticulin expressed by swine intestinal cells as a host-specific receptor for SCh FimH adhesin, suggesting that such an interaction may contribute to SCh host specificity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762293/the-potential-of-fimh-as-a-novel-therapeutic-target-for-the-treatment-of-crohn-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Adeline Sivignon, Julie Bouckaert, Julien Bernard, Sebastien G Gouin, Nicolas Barnich
Crohn's disease (CD) is a life-long chronic disorder characterized by intestinal inflammation. Current treatments for CD are directed towards abnormal immune responses rather than the intestinal bacteria that trigger intestinal inflammation. Areas covered: Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) bacteria abnormally colonize the ileal mucosa in a subgroup of CD patients. They can promote or perpetuate chronic inflammation and are therefore an interesting therapeutic target. Various strategies that target these E...
September 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760455/association-between-virulence-profile-biofilm-formation-and-phylogenetic-groups-of-escherichia-coli-causing-urinary-tract-infection-and-the-commensal-gut-microbiota-a-comparative-analysis
#9
Zahra Hashemizadeh, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki, Shahla Mansouri
Variety of virulence factors are involved in the pathogenicity of Escherichia coli, the common cause of the urinary tract infections (UTIs). The aim of this study was to determine some virulence factors involved in the pathogenicity and the phylogenetic grouping of E. coli from UTIs compared with the E. coli isolates from gut microbiota (fecal flora). The isolates were tested for biofilm formation, haemagglutination, cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH), hemolysin production, phylogenetic grouping and the distribution of 6 known virulence genes...
July 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723213/dual-functional-core-shell-fluorescent-ag2s-carbon-nanostructure-for-selective-assay-of-e-coli-o157-h7-and-bactericidal-treatment
#10
Ning Wang, Xing Wei, An-Qi Zheng, Ting Yang, Ming-Li Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
A dual functional fluorescent core-shell Ag2S@Carbon nanostructure is prepared by a hydrothermally assisted multi-amino synthesis approach with folic acid (FA), polyethylenimine (PEI), and mannoses (Mans) as carbon and nitrogen sources (FA-PEI-Mans-Ag2S nanocomposite shortly as Ag2S@C). The nanostructure exhibits strong fluorescent emission at λex/λem = 340/450 nm with a quantum yield of 12.57 ± 0.52%. Ag2S@C is bound to E. coli O157:H7 via strong interaction with the Mans moiety in Ag2S@C with FimH proteins on the fimbriae tip in E...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683322/stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-mediates-immune-cell-attraction-upon-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Batya Isaacson, Tehila Hadad, Ariella Glasner, Chamutal Gur, Zvi Granot, Gilad Bachrach, Ofer Mandelboim
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common type of bacterial infection in humans. Fifty percent of all women will experience at least one UTI in their lifetime, with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) accounting for 80% of reported cases. UTI evokes a complex, well-timed immune response that is crucial for bacterial clearance. The majority of immune cells participating in the immune response are absent from the healthy bladder, and the mechanisms used to recruit them upon UTI are not fully understood...
July 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681829/molecular-characterisation-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#12
Arindam Chakraborty, Prabha Adhikari, Shalini Shenoy, Vishwas Saralaya
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) express a multitude of virulence factors (VFs) to break the inertia of the mucosal barrier of the urinary tract. The aim of the present study was undertaken to characterised the UPEC strains and to correlate carriage of specific virulence markers with different phylogroups and also to correlate these findings with clinical outcome of patients. A total of 156 non-repeated, clinically significant UPEC isolates were studied. Virulent genes were determined by two set of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671638/sites-for-dynamic-protein-carbohydrate-interactions-of-o-and-c-linked-mannosides-on-the-e-coli-fimh-adhesin
#13
Mohamed Touaibia, Eva-Maria Krammer, Tze C Shiao, Nao Yamakawa, Qingan Wang, Anja Glinschert, Alex Papadopoulos, Leila Mousavifar, Emmanuel Maes, Stefan Oscarson, Gerard Vergoten, Marc F Lensink, René Roy, Julie Bouckaert
Antagonists of the Escherichia coli type-1 fimbrial adhesin FimH are recognized as attractive alternatives for antibiotic therapies and prophylaxes against acute and recurrent bacterial infections. In this study α-d-mannopyranosides O- or C-linked with an alkyl, alkene, alkyne, thioalkyl, amide, or sulfonamide were investigated to fit a hydrophobic substituent with up to two aryl groups within the tyrosine gate emerging from the mannose-binding pocket of FimH. The results were summarized into a set of structure-activity relationships to be used in FimH-targeted inhibitor design: alkene linkers gave an improved affinity and inhibitory potential, because of their relative flexibility combined with a favourable interaction with isoleucine-52 located in the middle of the tyrosine gate...
July 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654733/target-directed-dynamic-combinatorial-chemistry-a-study-on-potentials-and-pitfalls-as-exemplified-on-a-bacterial-target
#14
Priska Frei, Lijuan Pang, Marleen Silbermann, Deniz Eriş, Tobias Mühlethaler, Oliver Schwardt, Beat Ernst
Target-directed dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) is an emerging technique for the efficient identification of inhibitors of pharmacologically relevant targets. In this contribution, we present an application for a bacterial target, the lectin FimH, a crucial virulence factor of uropathogenic E. coli being the main cause of urinary tract infections. A small dynamic library of acylhydrazones was formed from aldehydes and hydrazides and equilibrated at neutral pH in presence of aniline as nucleophilic catalyst...
June 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614296/selective-depletion-of-uropathogenic-e-coli-from-the-gut-by-a-fimh-antagonist
#15
Caitlin N Spaulding, Roger D Klein, Ségolène Ruer, Andrew L Kau, Henry L Schreiber, Zachary T Cusumano, Karen W Dodson, Jerome S Pinkner, Daved H Fremont, James W Janetka, Han Remaut, Jeffrey I Gordon, Scott J Hultgren
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) affect 150 million people annually. Despite effective antibiotic therapy, 30-50% of patients experience recurrent UTIs. In addition, the growing prevalence of UPEC that are resistant to last-line antibiotic treatments, and more recently to carbapenems and colistin, make UTI a prime example of the antibiotic-resistance crisis and emphasize the need for new approaches to treat and prevent bacterial infections. UPEC strains establish reservoirs in the gut from which they are shed in the faeces, and can colonize the periurethral area or vagina and subsequently ascend through the urethra to the urinary tract, where they cause UTIs...
June 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596755/genetic-diversity-and-virulence-determinants-of-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-in-spain-and-chile
#16
Sandra Céspedes, Waleska Saitz, Felipe Del Canto, Marjorie De la Fuente, Rodrigo Quera, Marcela Hermoso, Rául Muñoz, Daniel Ginard, Sam Khorrami, Jorge Girón, Rodrigo Assar, Ramón Rosselló-Mora, Roberto M Vidal
Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) strains are genetically variable and virulence factors for AIEC are non-specific. FimH is the most studied pathogenicity-related protein, and there have been few studies on other proteins, such as Serine Protease Autotransporters of Enterobacteriacea (SPATEs). The goal of this study is to characterize E. coli strains isolated from patients with Crohn's disease (CD) in Chile and Spain, and identify genetic differences between strains associated with virulence markers and clonality...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592545/development-of-a-web-tool-for-escherichia-coli-subtyping-based-on-fimh-alleles
#17
Louise Roer, Veronika Tchesnokova, Rosa Allesøe, Mariya Muradova, Sujay Chattopadhyay, Johanne Ahrenfeldt, Martin C F Thomsen, Ole Lund, Frank Hansen, Anette M Hammerum, Evgeni Sokurenko, Henrik Hasman
The aim of this study was to construct a valid publicly available method for in silico fimH subtyping of Escherichia coli particularly suitable for differentiation of fine-resolution subgroups within clonal groups defined by standard multilocus sequence typing (MLST). FimTyper was constructed as a FASTA database containing all currently known fimH alleles. The software source code is publicly available at https://bitbucket.org/genomicepidemiology/fimtyper, the database is freely available at https://bitbucket...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584160/rapid-identification-of-different-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-clades
#18
Yasufumi Matsumura, Johann D D Pitout, Gisele Peirano, Rebekah DeVinney, Taro Noguchi, Masaki Yamamoto, Ryota Gomi, Tomonari Matsuda, Satoshi Nakano, Miki Nagao, Michio Tanaka, Satoshi Ichiyama
Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a pandemic clonal lineage that is responsible for the global increase in fluoroquinolone resistance and extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL) producers. The members of ST131 clade C, especially subclades C2 and C1-M27, are associated with ESBLs. We developed a multiplex conventional PCR assay with the ability to detect all ST131 clades (A, B, and C), as well as C subclades (C1-M27, C1-nM27 [C1-non-M27], and C2). To validate the assay, we used 80 ST131 global isolates that had been fully sequenced...
August 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584139/genomic-analysis-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-north-carolina-community-hospitals-ongoing-circulation-of-ctx-m-producing-st131-h30rx-and-st131-h30r1-strains
#19
Hajime Kanamori, Christian M Parobek, Jonathan J Juliano, James R Johnson, Brian D Johnston, Timothy J Johnson, David J Weber, William A Rutala, Deverick J Anderson
Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) predominates globally among multidrug-resistant (MDR) E. coli strains. We used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to investigate 63 MDR E. coli isolates from 7 North Carolina community hospitals (2010 to 2015). Of these, 39 (62%) represented ST131, including 37 (95%) from the ST131-H30R subclone: 10 (27%) from its H30R1 subset and 27 (69%) from its H30Rx subset. ST131 core genomes differed by a median of 15 (range, 0 to 490) single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) overall versus only 7 within H30R1 (range, 3 to 12 SNVs) and 11 within H30Rx (range, 0 to 21)...
August 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560183/outbreak-by-hypermucoviscous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st11-isolates-with-carbapenem-resistance-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#20
Lingling Zhan, Shanshan Wang, Yinjuan Guo, Ye Jin, Jingjing Duan, Zhihao Hao, Jingnan Lv, Xiuqin Qi, Longhua Hu, Liang Chen, Barry N Kreiswirth, Rong Zhang, Jingye Pan, Liangxing Wang, Fangyou Yu
Hypervirulent and multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains pose a significant threat to the public health. In the present study, 21 carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates (CRKP) were determined by the string test as hypermucoviscous K. pneumoniae (HMKP), with the prevalence of 15.0% (21/140) among CRKP, and 1.1% (21/1838) among all K. pneumoniae isolates. Among them, 7 (33.3%), and 1 (4.76%) isolate belonged to capsular serotype K20 and K2 respectively, while 13 (61.9%, 13/21) weren't successfully typed by capsular serotyping...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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