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Mozart effect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763803/study-of-the-mozart-effect-in-children-with-epileptic-electroencephalograms
#1
Eliza Grylls, Max Kinsky, Amy Baggott, Cecile Wabnitz, Ailsa McLellan
PURPOSE: To establish if listening to Mozart's Sonata for two pianos in D major (K448) has an anti-epileptic effect on the EEGs (electroencephalograms) of children. METHODS: Forty five children (2-18 years; mean 7 years 10 months) who had epileptiform activity on EEG were recruited from those attending for scheduled EEG investigations. Mozart's Sonata for two pianos in D major (K448) and an age-appropriate control music were played during the EEG. There were five consecutive states during the record, each lasting 5 min; before Mozart music (baseline), during Mozart music, after Mozart music/before control music, during control music and after control music...
May 9, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696618/-epilepsy-mozart-and-his-sonata-k-448-is-the-%C3%A2-mozart-effect%C3%A2-therapeutic
#2
REVIEW
V Hernando-Requejo
AIMS: To present a review of the so-called «Mozart effect», to explain why Mozart and his sonata K.448 were chosen, and to review the available literature on the treatment of epilepsy with that sonata. DEVELOPMENT: Profuse literature exists on the cerebral mechanisms that allow us to perceive, process and respond to the musical stimulus. Cerebral plasticity, especially in people with musical training, has also been demonstrated. The «Mozart effect» arose from the finding that hearing the sonata K...
May 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687709/origin-and-radiative-forcing-of-black-carbon-aerosol-production-and-consumption-perspectives
#3
Jing Meng, Junfeng Liu, Kan Yi, Haozhe Yang, Dabo Guan, Zhu Liu, Jiachen Zhang, Jiamin Ou, Stephen Dorling, Zhifu Mi, Huizhong Shen, Qirui Zhong, Shu Tao
Air pollution, a threat to air quality and human health, has attracted ever-increasing attention in recent years. In addition to having local influence, air pollutants can also travel the globe via atmospheric circulation and international trade. Black carbon (BC), emitted from incomplete combustion, is a unique but representative particulate pollutant. This study tracked down the BC aerosol and its direct radiative forcing to the emission sources and final consumers using the global chemical transport model (MOZART-4), the rapid radiative transfer model for general circulation simulations (RRTM) and a multiregional input-output analysis (MRIO)...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499311/auditory-stimulation-by-exposure-to-melodic-music-increases-dopamine-and-serotonin-activities-in-rat-forebrain-areas-linked-to-reward-and-motor-control
#4
Michele M Moraes, Patrícia C R Rabelo, Valéria A Pinto, Washington Pires, Samuel P Wanner, Raphael E Szawka, Danusa D Soares
Listening to melodic music is regarded as a non-pharmacological intervention that ameliorates various disease symptoms, likely by changing the activity of brain monoaminergic systems. Here, we investigated the effects of exposure to melodic music on the concentrations of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and their respective metabolites in the caudate-putamen (CPu) and nucleus accumbens (NAcc), areas linked to reward and motor control. Male adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to a control group or a group exposed to music...
April 23, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449851/divergent-n-deficiency-dependent-senescence-and-transcriptome-response-in-developmentally-old-and-young-brassica-napus-leaves
#5
Vajiheh Safavi-Rizi, Jürgen Franzaring, Andreas Fangmeier, Reinhard Kunze
In the spring oilseed rape (OSR) cultivar 'Mozart' grown under optimal N supply (NO ) or mild N deficiency (NL ) the transcriptome changes associated with progressing age until early senescence in developmentally old lower canopy leaves (leaf #4) and younger higher canopy leaves (leaf #8) were investigated. Twelve weeks old NO and NL plants appeared phenotypically and transcriptomically identical, but thereafter distinct nutrition-dependent differences in gene expression patterns in lower and upper canopy leaves emerged...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385675/curcumin-analog-ch-5-suppresses-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-the-human-gastric-cancer-cell-line-hgc-27
#6
Gabriel Silva, Felipe Teixeira Lima, Viviane Seba, Ana Laura Mendes Lourenço, Thaise Graminha Lucas, Bianca Vieira de Andrade, Guilherme Silva Torrezan, Carlos Roberto Polaquini, Marcelo Engracia Garcia, Lucélio Bernardes Couto, Reinaldo Bulgarelli Bestetti, Suzelei de Castro França, Ana Lúcia Fachin, Luis Octavio Regasini, Mozart Marins
Gastric cancer is one of the most frequent malignant tumors in the world. The majority of patients are diagnosed with metastatic gastric cancer, which has a low survival rate. These data reinforce the importance of studying the anticancer activity of new molecules with the potential to suppress gastric cancer metastasis. Curcumin is a well-studied compound that has demonstrated anti-metastatic effects. Here we investigated if CH-5, a curcumin derivative compound, has anti-metastatic properties in the human gastric cancer cell line HGC-27...
January 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260315/is-working-memory-training-in-older-adults-sensitive-to-music
#7
Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Chiara Meneghetti, Elena Carbone, Margherita Vincenzi, Jessica Cira Madonna, Massimo Grassi, Beth Fairfield, Nicola Mammarella
Evidence in the literature suggests that listening to music can improve cognitive performance. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the short- and long-term gains of a working memory (WM) training in older adults could be enhanced by music listening-the Mozart's Sonata K448 and the Albinoni's Adagio in G minor-which differ in tempo and mode. Seventy-two healthy older adults (age range: 65-75 years) participated in the study. They were divided into four groups. At each training session, before starting the WM training activities, one group listened to Mozart (Mozart group, N = 19), one to Albinoni (Albinoni group, N = 19), one to white noise (White noise group, N = 16), while one served as an active control group involved in other activities and was not exposed to any music (active control group, N = 18)...
December 19, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217019/effect-of-music-on-surgical-skill-during-simulated-intraocular-surgery
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ralph Kyrillos, Mathieu Caissie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Mozart music compared to silence on anterior segment surgical skill in the context of simulated intraocular surgery. DESIGN: Prospective stratified and randomized noninferiority trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen ophthalmologists and 12 residents in ophthalmology. METHODS: All participants were asked to perform 4 sets of predetermined tasks on the EyeSI surgical simulator (VRmagic, Mannheim, Germany)...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182948/mozart-s-music-in-children-with-drug-refractory-epileptic-encephalopathies-comparison-of-two-protocols
#9
Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca Felicia Operto, Francesca Caprio, Giuseppe Ferraioli, Simone Pisano, Andrea Viggiano, Alberto Verrotti
In this prospective, randomized, open label study, we compared the effect on seizure recurrence and quality-of-life parameters, of two different protocols of music therapy in children and adolescents with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. Nine out of 19 patients (13 males and 6 females, aged between 1 and 24years) were randomized to listen to Mozart's sonata in D major for two pianos K448 for 2h/day for 2weeks; other 10 children were randomized on a set of Mozart's compositions. In group 1 (K448), 2/9 children (22...
January 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174577/caffeic-acid-and-licochalcone-a-interfere-with-the-glyoxylate-cycle-of-trichophyton-rubrum
#10
Bruna Aline Michelotto Cantelli, Tamires Aparecida Bitencourt, Tatiana Takahasi Komoto, Rene Oliveira Beleboni, Mozart Marins, Ana Lúcia Fachin
Trichophyton rubrum is the most common causative agent of dermatomycoses worldwide. Despite the increasing incidence of fungal infections, the number of commercially available antifungal drugs is limited, mainly because of the biochemical similarities between fungal and mammalian cells. Biomolecules of different origins might lead to the discovery of new pharmacological targets that are more specific to the fungal cell. In this respect, caffeic acid (CA) and licochalcone A (LicoA) exhibit activity against some human pathogenic fungi by acting on important fungal molecular targets...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163283/the-influence-of-background-music-on-learning-in-the-light-of-different-theoretical-perspectives-and-the-role-of-working-memory-capacity
#11
Janina A M Lehmann, Tina Seufert
This study investigates how background music influences learning with respect to three different theoretical approaches. Both the Mozart effect as well as the arousal-mood-hypothesis indicate that background music can potentially benefit learning outcomes. While the Mozart effect assumes a direct influence of background music on cognitive abilities, the arousal-mood-hypothesis assumes a mediation effect over arousal and mood. However, the seductive detail effect indicates that seductive details such as background music worsen learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157096/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-the-mozart-effect-on-childhood-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#12
Dana E Brackney, Jessica L Brooks
This systematic review examines the effectiveness of Mozart's music in decreasing seizures in children with epilepsy (Mozart Effect) using the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice rating scale© . A search for articles with "Mozart Effect," "child*," and "epilepsy" was conducted in CINAHL Complete, Science Direct, Cochrane, and PubMed databases. Eight studies were selected based on the exclusion and inclusion criteria after removal of duplicates ( n = 17) and others ( n = 46)...
February 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953798/effects-of-music-on-seizure-frequency-in-institutionalized-subjects-with-severe-profound-intellectual-disability-and-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#13
Patrizia D'Alessandro, Marta Giuglietti, Antonella Baglioni, Norma Verdolini, Nicola Murgia, Massimo Piccirilli, Sandro Elisei
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients with epilepsy continue to experience seizures despite adequate therapy with antiepileptic drugs. Drug-resistant epilepsy is even more frequent in subjects with intellectual disability. As a result, several non-pharmacological interventions have been proposed to improve quality of life in patients with intellectual disability and drug-resistant epilepsy. A number of studies have demonstrated that music can be effective at reducing seizures and epileptiform discharges...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501016/role-of-climate-anomalies-on-decadal-variation-in-the-occurrence-of-wintertime-haze-in-the-yangtze-river-delta-china
#14
Jianming Xu, Luyu Chang, Fengxia Yan, JinHai He
The wintertime haze day (HD) in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region of China shows a significant upward trend during the past decades due to the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Besides the enhanced anthropogenic emission, climate change also plays the important role in the long term HD variations. In this study, the significant decadal variation of wintertime HD during the period 1960-2012 in YRD is examined by the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, featured as less HD occurrence before 1980 and more occurrence after 2000...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242489/neurosurgery-and-music-effect-of-wolfgang-amadeus-mozart
#15
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund Neugebauer
BACKGROUND: The nervous system works like a great orchestra. Specifically, the music of Mozart with its "Mozart effect" is appropriate to use in neurosurgery. We investigated the relationship between Mozart's music and neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used digital catalogs like "PubMed" and the libraries of universities. Key words were "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" and "neurosurgery and music." RESULTS: In the first half of the 20th century, performing neurosurgery on some musicians, such as Maurice Ravel, Josef Hassid, and George Gershwin, resulted in a fatal outcome...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152451/can-natural-ways-to-stimulate-the-vagus-nerve-improve-seizure-control
#16
REVIEW
Alan W C Yuen, Josemir W Sander
The vagus nerve (VN) is the longest cranial nerve, innervating the neck, thorax and abdomen, with afferent fibers transmitting a range of interoceptive stimuli and efferent fibres to somatic structures and autonomic preganglions. Over the last few decades, electrical stimulation of the VN using implanted devices (VNS) has been developed leading to its approval for the treatment of epilepsy and depression. More recently, non-invasive devices to stimulation the VN have been developed. The VN has many functions and the activity that is most amenable to assessment is its effect in controlling the cardiac rhythm...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927145/the-razor-s-edge-australian-rock-music-impairs-men-s-performance-when-pretending-to-be-a-surgeon
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daisy Fancourt, Thomas Mw Burton, Aaron Williamon
OBJECTIVE: Over the past few decades there has been interest in the role of music in the operating theatre. However, despite many reported benefits, a number of potentially harmful effects of music have been identified. This study aimed to explore the effects of rock and classical music on surgical speed, accuracy and perceived distraction when performing multiorgan resection in the board game Operation. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm, randomised controlled trial...
December 12, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903764/epilepsy-and-music-practical-notes
#18
REVIEW
M Maguire
Music processing occurs via a complex network of activity far beyond the auditory cortices. This network may become sensitised to music or may be recruited as part of a temporal lobe seizure, manifesting as either musicogenic epilepsy or ictal musical phenomena. The idea that sound waves may directly affect brain waves has led researchers to explore music as therapy for epilepsy. There is limited and low quality evidence of an antiepileptic effect with the Mozart Sonata K.448. We do not have a pathophysiological explanation for the apparent dichotomous effect of music on seizures...
April 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#19
REVIEW
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819173/the-effect-of-music-therapy-on-the-cardiac-activity-parameters-of-a-fetus-in-a-cardiotocographic-examination
#20
Grażyna Gebuza, Agnieszka Dombrowska, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Estera Mieczkowska
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of cardiac parameters of the fetus in cardiotocographic record of pregnant women listening to classical music. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty NST records with no musical stimulation and 30 NST records during a 15-min auditive stimulation with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Turkish March" as well as 30 NST records during Johann Strauss's "Tritsch-Tratsch Polka" were performed for the study. The average stage of the responders' pregnancy was the 36rd week, the lowest - the 27th week, the highest - 41st...
October 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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