Read by QxMD icon Read

Mozart effect

Luyu Chang, Jianming Xu, Xuexi Tie, Jianbin Wu
During the winter of 2015, there was a strong El Nino (ENSO) event, resulting in significant anomalies for meteorological conditions in China. Analysis shows that the meteorological conditions in December 2015 (compared to December 2014) had several important anomalies, including the following: (1) the surface southeasterly winds were significantly enhanced in the North China Plain (NCP); (2) the precipitation was increased in the south of eastern China; and (3) the wind speeds were decreased in the middle-north of eastern China, while slightly increased in the south of eastern China...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Uljana Feest
This paper revisits the debate between Harry Collins and Allan Franklin, concerning the experimenters' regress. Focusing my attention on a case study from recent psychology (regarding experimental evidence for the existence of a Mozart Effect), I argue that Franklin is right to highlight the role of epistemological strategies in scientific practice, but that his account does not sufficiently appreciate Collins's point about the importance of tacit knowledge in experimental practice. In turn, Collins rightly highlights the epistemic uncertainty (and skepticism) surrounding much experimental research...
August 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Mozart Silvio Pereira, Bárbara Murta, Thaís C F Oliveira, Alex M Manfredi, Faruk Nome, Alvan C Hengge, Tiago A S Brandao
Phosphoimidazole-containing compounds are versatile players in biological and chemical processes. We explore catalytic and mechanistic criteria for the efficient formation of cyclic aryl phosphoimidazoles in aqueous solution, viewed as a template reaction for the in situ synthesis of related compounds. To provide a detailed analysis for this reaction a series of ortho-(2'-imidazolyl)naphthyl 4-nitrophenyl) phosphate isomers were examined to provide a basis for analysis of both mechanism and the influence of structural factors affecting the nucleophilic attack of the imidazolyl group on the phosphorus center of the substrate...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hans-Joachim Trappe, Gabriele Voit
BACKGROUND: The effect of different musical styles on serum cortisol levels, blood pressure, and heart rate is currently unknown. METHODS: 60 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups that listened to various compositions by W. A. Mozart, J. Strauss Jr., or ABBA for 25 minutes. Their serum cortisol concentrations, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured before and after the listening session. The same variables were measured in a control group of 60 subjects who did not listen to music but rested in silence...
May 20, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ji Gao, Shaoqin Chen, Suyong Lin, Hongjing Han
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of music therapy on the pain behaviors and survival of rats with bone cancer pain and analyze the mediating mechanism of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway. METHODS: Male Wistar rats aged 5-8 weeks and weighing 160-200 g were collected. The rat models of colorectal cancer bone cancer pain was successfully established. Animals were divided into experimental and control group, each with 10 rats. The animals in the observation group were given Mozart K448 sonata, sound intensity of 60 db, played the sonata once every 1 hr in the daytime, stopped playing during the night, and this cycle was kept for 2 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Raquel A Silva, Zachariah Adelman, Meridith M Fry, J Jason West
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can cause adverse health effects, including premature mortality due to cardiopulmonary diseases and lung cancer. Recent studies quantify global air pollution mortality but not the contribution of different emissions sectors, or they focus on a specific sector. OBJECTIVES: We estimate the global mortality burden of anthropogenic ozone and PM2.5, and the impact of five emissions sectors, using a global chemical transport model at a finer horizontal resolution (0...
May 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Markus Hausmann, Sophie Hodgetts, Tuomas Eerola
After decades of research, it remains unclear whether emotion lateralization occurs because one hemisphere is dominant for processing the emotional content of the stimuli, or whether emotional stimuli activate lateralised networks associated with the subjective emotional experience. By using emotion-induction procedures, we investigated the effect of listening to happy and sad music on three well-established lateralization tasks. In a prestudy, Mozart's piano sonata (K. 448) and Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata were rated as the most happy and sad excerpts, respectively...
April 2016: Brain and Cognition
J Gordon Millichap
Investigators from the Universities of Salerno and Perugio, Italy, studied the effect of listening to a set of Mozart's compositions on sleep quality, behavior, and seizure recurrence in 11 outpatients (7 males and 4 females), between 1.5 and 21 years of age (mean age, 11.9 years), with drug-resistant epilepsy.
August 2015: Pediatric neurology briefs
Lung-Chang Lin, Rei-Cheng Yang
Coppola et al. reported 5 out of 11 patients suffering from drug-resistant epileptic encephalopathy associated with cerebral palsy had a ≥50% reduction in the total number of seizures after listening a set of Mozart's compositions 2 h per day for 15 days. Our previous studies also revealed that both seizure frequencies, recurrence of first unprovoked seizure, and epileptiform discharges are significant reduced after listening to Mozart K.448. Until now, the real mechanism of music effect on epilepsy is still unclear...
October 2015: Translational pediatrics
Yingshou Xing, Yi Qin, Wei Jing, Yunxiang Zhang, Yanran Wang, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often display cognitive deficits. However, current epilepsy therapeutic interventions mainly aim at how to reduce the frequency and degree of epileptic seizures. Recovery of cognitive impairment is not attended enough, resulting in the lack of effective approaches in this respect. In the pilocarpine-induced temporal lobe epilepsy rat model, memory impairment has been classically reported. Here we evaluated spatial cognition changes at different epileptogenesis stages in rats of this model and explored the effects of long-term Mozart music exposure on the recovery of cognitive ability...
February 2016: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Yingshou Xing, Wenxi Chen, Yanran Wang, Wei Jing, Shan Gao, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
Previous research has shown that dorsal hippocampus plays an important role in spatial memory process. Music exposure can enhance brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression level in dorsal hippocampus (DH) and thus enhance spatial cognition ability. But whether music experience may affect different subregions of DH in the same degree remains unclear. Here, we studied the effects of exposure to Mozart K.448 on learning behavior in developing rats using the classical Morris water maze task. The results showed that early music exposure could enhance significantly learning performance of the rats in the water maze test...
March 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Yingshou Xing, Yang Xia, Keith Kendrick, Xiuxiu Liu, Maosen Wang, Dan Wu, Hua Yang, Wei Jing, Daqing Guo, Dezhong Yao
The phenomenal finding that listening to Mozart K.448 enhances performance on spatial tasks has motivated a continuous surge in promoting music education over the past two decades. But there have been inconsistent reports in previous studies of the Mozart effect. Here conducted was a systematic study, with Mozart and retrograde Mozart music, Mozart music rhythm and pitch, behaviours and neurobiology tests, rats and humans subjects. We show that while the Mozart K.448 has positive cognitive effects, the retrograde version has a negative effect on rats' performance in the Morris water maze test and on human subjects' performance in the paper folding and cutting test and the pencil-and-paper maze test...
2016: Scientific Reports
Giangennaro Coppola, Annacarmela Toro, Francesca Felicia Operto, Giuseppe Ferrarioli, Simone Pisano, Andrea Viggiano, Alberto Verrotti
Mozart's sonata for two pianos in D major, K448, has been shown to decrease interictal EEG discharges and recurrence of clinical seizures in both adults and young patients. In this prospective, open-label study, we evaluated the effect of listening to a set of Mozart's compositions, according to the Tomatis method, on sleep quality and behavioral disorders, including auto-/hetero-aggression, irritability, and hyperactivity, in a group of children and adolescents with drug-resistant epilepsy. The study group was composed of 11 outpatients (7 males and 4 females), between 1...
September 2015: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Walter Verrusio, Evaristo Ettorre, Edoardo Vicenzini, Nicola Vanacore, Mauro Cacciafesta, Oriano Mecarelli
The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of Mozart's music on brain activity through spectral analysis of the EEG in young healthy adults (Adults), in healthy elderly (Elderly) and in elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). EEG recording was performed at basal rest conditions and after listening to Mozart's K448 or "Fur Elise" Beethoven's sonatas. After listening to Mozart, an increase of alpha band and median frequency index of background alpha rhythm activity (a pattern of brain wave activity linked to memory, cognition and open mind to problem solving) was observed both in Adults and in Elderly...
September 2015: Consciousness and Cognition
Chien-Hsun Li, Ching-Kuan Liu, Yuan-Han Yang, Mei-Chuan Chou, Chun-Hung Chen, Chiou-Lian Lai
PURPOSE: Music therapy (MT) reviews have found beneficial effects on behaviors and social interaction in Alzheimer's disease (AD) but inconsistent effects on cognition. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the adjunct effect of long-term and home-based MT in AD patients under pharmacological treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Mild AD cases (clinical dementia rating =0.5~1) were consecutively recruited and voluntarily separated into an MT group or control group (CG) for 6 months...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Sofronios E Papoutsoglou, Nafsika Karakatsouli, Anna Psarrou, Sofia Apostolidou, Eustratios S Papoutsoglou, Alkisti Batzina, Georgios Leondaritis, N Sakellaridis
This study presents the results of the response of Sparus aurata to three different musical stimuli, derived from the transmission (4 h per day, 5 days per week) of particular music pieces by Mozart, Romanza and Bach (140 dB(rms) re 1 μPa), compared to the same transmission level of white noise, while the underwater ambient noise in all the experimental tanks was 121 dB(rms) re 1 μPa. Using recirculating sea water facilities, 10 groups, 2 for each treatment, of 20 specimens of 11.2 ± 0.02 g (S.E.), were reared for 94 days, under 150 ± 10 l× 12L-12D, and were fed an artificial diet three times per day...
February 2015: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Sarah Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Massimo Grassi, Massimo Nucci, Roberta Sciore
There are evidences showing that music can affect cognitive performance by improving our emotional state. The aim of the current study was to analyze whether age-related differences between young and older adults in a Working Memory (WM) Span test in which the stimuli to be recalled have a different valence (i.e., neutral, positive, or negative words), are sensitive to exposure to music. Because some previous studies showed that emotional words can sustain older adults' performance in WM, we examined whether listening to music could enhance the benefit of emotional material, with respect to neutral words, on WM performance decreasing the age-related difference between younger and older adults...
2014: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Lung-Chang Lin, Chen-Sen Ouyang, Ching-Tai Chiang, Rong-Ching Wu, Hui-Chuan Wu, Rei-Cheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Listening to Mozart K.448 has been demonstrated to improve spatial task scores, leading to what is known as the Mozart Effect. However, most of these reports only describe the phenomena but lack the scientific evidence needed to properly investigate the mechanism of Mozart Effect. In this study, we used electroencephalography (EEG) and heart rate variability (HRV) to evaluate the effects of Mozart K.448 on healthy volunteers to explore Mozart Effect. DESIGN: An EEG-based post-intervention analysis...
October 2014: JRSM Open
Lung-Chang Lin, Chen-Sen Ouyang, Ching-Tai Chiang, Hui-Chuan Wu, Rei-Cheng Yang
PURPOSE: There are many treatments being developed for patients with epilepsy, including anti-epileptic drugs, ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation. To date, there is a lack of valid methods to predict at an early stage the therapeutic effects on patients with epilepsy who receive one of these treatments. Our previous studies revealed that epileptiform discharges which were observed in patients with epilepsy were significantly decreased while listening to Mozart K.448. In this study, we attempted to develop a useful marker by utilizing a quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) method in analyzing the features of EEG to early evaluate the effect of the music on children with epilepsy, even without epileptiform discharges...
October 2014: Epilepsy Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"