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Mozart effect

Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Chiara Meneghetti, Elena Carbone, Margherita Vincenzi, Jessica Cira Madonna, Massimo Grassi, Beth Fairfield, Nicola Mammarella
Evidence in the literature suggests that listening to music can improve cognitive performance. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the short- and long-term gains of a working memory (WM) training in older adults could be enhanced by music listening-the Mozart's Sonata K448 and the Albinoni's Adagio in G minor-which differ in tempo and mode. Seventy-two healthy older adults (age range: 65-75 years) participated in the study. They were divided into four groups. At each training session, before starting the WM training activities, one group listened to Mozart (Mozart group, N = 19), one to Albinoni (Albinoni group, N = 19), one to white noise (White noise group, N = 16), while one served as an active control group involved in other activities and was not exposed to any music (active control group, N = 18)...
December 19, 2017: Psychological Research
Ralph Kyrillos, Mathieu Caissie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Mozart music compared to silence on anterior segment surgical skill in the context of simulated intraocular surgery. DESIGN: Prospective stratified and randomized noninferiority trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen ophthalmologists and 12 residents in ophthalmology. METHODS: All participants were asked to perform 4 sets of predetermined tasks on the EyeSI surgical simulator (VRmagic, Mannheim, Germany)...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca Felicia Operto, Francesca Caprio, Giuseppe Ferraioli, Simone Pisano, Andrea Viggiano, Alberto Verrotti
In this prospective, randomized, open label study, we compared the effect on seizure recurrence and quality-of-life parameters, of two different protocols of music therapy in children and adolescents with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. Nine out of 19 patients (13 males and 6 females, aged between 1 and 24years) were randomized to listen to Mozart's sonata in D major for two pianos K448 for 2h/day for 2weeks; other 10 children were randomized on a set of Mozart's compositions. In group 1 (K448), 2/9 children (22...
November 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Bruna Aline Michelotto Cantelli, Tamires Aparecida Bitencourt, Tatiana Takahasi Komoto, Rene Oliveira Beleboni, Mozart Marins, Ana Lúcia Fachin
Trichophyton rubrum is the most common causative agent of dermatomycoses worldwide. Despite the increasing incidence of fungal infections, the number of commercially available antifungal drugs is limited, mainly because of the biochemical similarities between fungal and mammalian cells. Biomolecules of different origins might lead to the discovery of new pharmacological targets that are more specific to the fungal cell. In this respect, caffeic acid (CA) and licochalcone A (LicoA) exhibit activity against some human pathogenic fungi by acting on important fungal molecular targets...
November 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Janina A M Lehmann, Tina Seufert
This study investigates how background music influences learning with respect to three different theoretical approaches. Both the Mozart effect as well as the arousal-mood-hypothesis indicate that background music can potentially benefit learning outcomes. While the Mozart effect assumes a direct influence of background music on cognitive abilities, the arousal-mood-hypothesis assumes a mediation effect over arousal and mood. However, the seductive detail effect indicates that seductive details such as background music worsen learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Dana E Brackney, Jessica L Brooks
This systematic review examines the effectiveness of Mozart's music in decreasing seizures in children with epilepsy (Mozart Effect) using the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice rating scale(©). A search for articles with "Mozart Effect," "child*," and "epilepsy" was conducted in CINAHL Complete, Science Direct, Cochrane, and PubMed databases. Eight studies were selected based on the exclusion and inclusion criteria after removal of duplicates ( n = 17) and others ( n = 46). Studies included were English language, peer reviewed, published between April 2010 and February 2017, and available in full text with an abstract...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Patrizia D'Alessandro, Marta Giuglietti, Antonella Baglioni, Norma Verdolini, Nicola Murgia, Massimo Piccirilli, Sandro Elisei
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients with epilepsy continue to experience seizures despite adequate therapy with antiepileptic drugs. Drug-resistant epilepsy is even more frequent in subjects with intellectual disability. As a result, several non-pharmacological interventions have been proposed to improve quality of life in patients with intellectual disability and drug-resistant epilepsy. A number of studies have demonstrated that music can be effective at reducing seizures and epileptiform discharges...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Jianming Xu, Luyu Chang, Fengxia Yan, JinHai He
The wintertime haze day (HD) in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region of China shows a significant upward trend during the past decades due to the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Besides the enhanced anthropogenic emission, climate change also plays the important role in the long term HD variations. In this study, the significant decadal variation of wintertime HD during the period 1960-2012 in YRD is examined by the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, featured as less HD occurrence before 1980 and more occurrence after 2000...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund Neugebauer
BACKGROUND: The nervous system works like a great orchestra. Specifically, the music of Mozart with its "Mozart effect" is appropriate to use in neurosurgery. We investigated the relationship between Mozart's music and neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used digital catalogs like "PubMed" and the libraries of universities. Key words were "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" and "neurosurgery and music." RESULTS: In the first half of the 20th century, performing neurosurgery on some musicians, such as Maurice Ravel, Josef Hassid, and George Gershwin, resulted in a fatal outcome...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
Alan W C Yuen, Josemir W Sander
The vagus nerve (VN) is the longest cranial nerve, innervating the neck, thorax and abdomen, with afferent fibers transmitting a range of interoceptive stimuli and efferent fibres to somatic structures and autonomic preganglions. Over the last few decades, electrical stimulation of the VN using implanted devices (VNS) has been developed leading to its approval for the treatment of epilepsy and depression. More recently, non-invasive devices to stimulation the VN have been developed. The VN has many functions and the activity that is most amenable to assessment is its effect in controlling the cardiac rhythm...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Daisy Fancourt, Thomas Mw Burton, Aaron Williamon
OBJECTIVE: Over the past few decades there has been interest in the role of music in the operating theatre. However, despite many reported benefits, a number of potentially harmful effects of music have been identified. This study aimed to explore the effects of rock and classical music on surgical speed, accuracy and perceived distraction when performing multiorgan resection in the board game Operation. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm, randomised controlled trial...
December 12, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
M Maguire
Music processing occurs via a complex network of activity far beyond the auditory cortices. This network may become sensitised to music or may be recruited as part of a temporal lobe seizure, manifesting as either musicogenic epilepsy or ictal musical phenomena. The idea that sound waves may directly affect brain waves has led researchers to explore music as therapy for epilepsy. There is limited and low quality evidence of an antiepileptic effect with the Mozart Sonata K.448. We do not have a pathophysiological explanation for the apparent dichotomous effect of music on seizures...
April 2017: Practical Neurology
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Grażyna Gebuza, Agnieszka Dombrowska, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Estera Mieczkowska
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of cardiac parameters of the fetus in cardiotocographic record of pregnant women listening to classical music. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty NST records with no musical stimulation and 30 NST records during a 15-min auditive stimulation with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Turkish March" as well as 30 NST records during Johann Strauss's "Tritsch-Tratsch Polka" were performed for the study. The average stage of the responders' pregnancy was the 36rd week, the lowest - the 27th week, the highest - 41st...
October 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Luyu Chang, Jianming Xu, Xuexi Tie, Jianbin Wu
During the winter of 2015, there was a strong El Nino (ENSO) event, resulting in significant anomalies for meteorological conditions in China. Analysis shows that the meteorological conditions in December 2015 (compared to December 2014) had several important anomalies, including the following: (1) the surface southeasterly winds were significantly enhanced in the North China Plain (NCP); (2) the precipitation was increased in the south of eastern China; and (3) the wind speeds were decreased in the middle-north of eastern China, while slightly increased in the south of eastern China...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Uljana Feest
This paper revisits the debate between Harry Collins and Allan Franklin, concerning the experimenters' regress. Focusing my attention on a case study from recent psychology (regarding experimental evidence for the existence of a Mozart Effect), I argue that Franklin is right to highlight the role of epistemological strategies in scientific practice, but that his account does not sufficiently appreciate Collins's point about the importance of tacit knowledge in experimental practice. In turn, Collins rightly highlights the epistemic uncertainty (and skepticism) surrounding much experimental research...
August 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Mozart Silvio Pereira, Bárbara Murta, Thaís C F Oliveira, Alex M Manfredi, Faruk Nome, Alvan C Hengge, Tiago A S Brandao
Phosphoimidazole-containing compounds are versatile players in biological and chemical processes. We explore catalytic and mechanistic criteria for the efficient formation of cyclic aryl phosphoimidazoles in aqueous solution, viewed as a template reaction for the in situ synthesis of related compounds. To provide a detailed analysis for this reaction a series of ortho-(2'-imidazolyl)naphthyl 4-nitrophenyl) phosphate isomers were examined to provide a basis for analysis of both mechanism and the influence of structural factors affecting the nucleophilic attack of the imidazolyl group on the phosphorus center of the substrate...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hans-Joachim Trappe, Gabriele Voit
BACKGROUND: The effect of different musical styles on serum cortisol levels, blood pressure, and heart rate is currently unknown. METHODS: 60 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups that listened to various compositions by W. A. Mozart, J. Strauss Jr., or ABBA for 25 minutes. Their serum cortisol concentrations, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured before and after the listening session. The same variables were measured in a control group of 60 subjects who did not listen to music but rested in silence...
May 20, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ji Gao, Shaoqin Chen, Suyong Lin, Hongjing Han
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of music therapy on the pain behaviors and survival of rats with bone cancer pain and analyze the mediating mechanism of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway. METHODS: Male Wistar rats aged 5-8 weeks and weighing 160-200 g were collected. The rat models of colorectal cancer bone cancer pain was successfully established. Animals were divided into experimental and control group, each with 10 rats. The animals in the observation group were given Mozart K448 sonata, sound intensity of 60 db, played the sonata once every 1 hr in the daytime, stopped playing during the night, and this cycle was kept for 2 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Raquel A Silva, Zachariah Adelman, Meridith M Fry, J Jason West
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can cause adverse health effects, including premature mortality due to cardiopulmonary diseases and lung cancer. Recent studies quantify global air pollution mortality but not the contribution of different emissions sectors, or they focus on a specific sector. OBJECTIVES: We estimated the global mortality burden of anthropogenic ozone and PM2.5, and the impact of five emissions sectors, using a global chemical transport model at a finer horizontal resolution (0...
November 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
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