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Mozart effect

Jianming Xu, Luyu Chang, Fengxia Yan, JinHai He
The wintertime haze day (HD) in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region of China shows a significant upward trend during the past decades due to the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Besides the enhanced anthropogenic emission, climate change also plays the important role in the long term HD variations. In this study, the significant decadal variation of wintertime HD during the period 1960-2012 in YRD is examined by the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, featured as less HD occurrence before 1980 and more occurrence after 2000...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund Neugebauer
BACKGROUND: The nervous system works like a great orchestra. Specifically, the music of Mozart with its "Mozart effect" is appropriate to use in neurosurgery. We investigated the relationship between Mozart's music and neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used digital catalogs like "PubMed" and the libraries of universities. Key words were "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" and "neurosurgery and music." RESULTS: In the first half of the 20th century, performing neurosurgery on some musicians, such as Maurice Ravel, Josef Hassid, and George Gershwin, resulted in a fatal outcome...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
Alan W C Yuen, Josemir W Sander
The vagus nerve (VN) is the longest cranial nerve, innervating the neck, thorax and abdomen, with afferent fibers transmitting a range of interoceptive stimuli and efferent fibres to somatic structures and autonomic preganglions. Over the last few decades, electrical stimulation of the VN using implanted devices (VNS) has been developed leading to its approval for the treatment of epilepsy and depression. More recently, non-invasive devices to stimulation the VN have been developed. The VN has many functions and the activity that is most amenable to assessment is its effect in controlling the cardiac rhythm...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Daisy Fancourt, Thomas Mw Burton, Aaron Williamon
OBJECTIVE: Over the past few decades there has been interest in the role of music in the operating theatre. However, despite many reported benefits, a number of potentially harmful effects of music have been identified. This study aimed to explore the effects of rock and classical music on surgical speed, accuracy and perceived distraction when performing multiorgan resection in the board game Operation. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm, randomised controlled trial...
December 12, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
M Maguire
Music processing occurs via a complex network of activity far beyond the auditory cortices. This network may become sensitised to music or may be recruited as part of a temporal lobe seizure, manifesting as either musicogenic epilepsy or ictal musical phenomena. The idea that sound waves may directly affect brain waves has led researchers to explore music as therapy for epilepsy. There is limited and low quality evidence of an antiepileptic effect with the Mozart Sonata K.448. We do not have a pathophysiological explanation for the apparent dichotomous effect of music on seizures...
April 2017: Practical Neurology
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Grażyna Gebuza, Agnieszka Dombrowska, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Estera Mieczkowska
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of cardiac parameters of the fetus in cardiotocographic record of pregnant women listening to classical music. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty NST records with no musical stimulation and 30 NST records during a 15-min auditive stimulation with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Turkish March" as well as 30 NST records during Johann Strauss's "Tritsch-Tratsch Polka" were performed for the study. The average stage of the responders' pregnancy was the 36rd week, the lowest - the 27th week, the highest - 41st...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Luyu Chang, Jianming Xu, Xuexi Tie, Jianbin Wu
During the winter of 2015, there was a strong El Nino (ENSO) event, resulting in significant anomalies for meteorological conditions in China. Analysis shows that the meteorological conditions in December 2015 (compared to December 2014) had several important anomalies, including the following: (1) the surface southeasterly winds were significantly enhanced in the North China Plain (NCP); (2) the precipitation was increased in the south of eastern China; and (3) the wind speeds were decreased in the middle-north of eastern China, while slightly increased in the south of eastern China...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Uljana Feest
This paper revisits the debate between Harry Collins and Allan Franklin, concerning the experimenters' regress. Focusing my attention on a case study from recent psychology (regarding experimental evidence for the existence of a Mozart Effect), I argue that Franklin is right to highlight the role of epistemological strategies in scientific practice, but that his account does not sufficiently appreciate Collins's point about the importance of tacit knowledge in experimental practice. In turn, Collins rightly highlights the epistemic uncertainty (and skepticism) surrounding much experimental research...
August 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Mozart Silvio Pereira, Bárbara Murta, Thaís C F Oliveira, Alex M Manfredi, Faruk Nome, Alvan C Hengge, Tiago A S Brandao
Phosphoimidazole-containing compounds are versatile players in biological and chemical processes. We explore catalytic and mechanistic criteria for the efficient formation of cyclic aryl phosphoimidazoles in aqueous solution, viewed as a template reaction for the in situ synthesis of related compounds. To provide a detailed analysis for this reaction a series of ortho-(2'-imidazolyl)naphthyl 4-nitrophenyl) phosphate isomers were examined to provide a basis for analysis of both mechanism and the influence of structural factors affecting the nucleophilic attack of the imidazolyl group on the phosphorus center of the substrate...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hans-Joachim Trappe, Gabriele Voit
BACKGROUND: The effect of different musical styles on serum cortisol levels, blood pressure, and heart rate is currently unknown. METHODS: 60 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups that listened to various compositions by W. A. Mozart, J. Strauss Jr., or ABBA for 25 minutes. Their serum cortisol concentrations, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured before and after the listening session. The same variables were measured in a control group of 60 subjects who did not listen to music but rested in silence...
May 20, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ji Gao, Shaoqin Chen, Suyong Lin, Hongjing Han
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of music therapy on the pain behaviors and survival of rats with bone cancer pain and analyze the mediating mechanism of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway. METHODS: Male Wistar rats aged 5-8 weeks and weighing 160-200 g were collected. The rat models of colorectal cancer bone cancer pain was successfully established. Animals were divided into experimental and control group, each with 10 rats. The animals in the observation group were given Mozart K448 sonata, sound intensity of 60 db, played the sonata once every 1 hr in the daytime, stopped playing during the night, and this cycle was kept for 2 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Raquel A Silva, Zachariah Adelman, Meridith M Fry, J Jason West
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can cause adverse health effects, including premature mortality due to cardiopulmonary diseases and lung cancer. Recent studies quantify global air pollution mortality but not the contribution of different emissions sectors, or they focus on a specific sector. OBJECTIVES: We estimated the global mortality burden of anthropogenic ozone and PM2.5, and the impact of five emissions sectors, using a global chemical transport model at a finer horizontal resolution (0...
November 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Markus Hausmann, Sophie Hodgetts, Tuomas Eerola
After decades of research, it remains unclear whether emotion lateralization occurs because one hemisphere is dominant for processing the emotional content of the stimuli, or whether emotional stimuli activate lateralised networks associated with the subjective emotional experience. By using emotion-induction procedures, we investigated the effect of listening to happy and sad music on three well-established lateralization tasks. In a prestudy, Mozart's piano sonata (K. 448) and Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata were rated as the most happy and sad excerpts, respectively...
April 2016: Brain and Cognition
J Gordon Millichap
Investigators from the Universities of Salerno and Perugio, Italy, studied the effect of listening to a set of Mozart's compositions on sleep quality, behavior, and seizure recurrence in 11 outpatients (7 males and 4 females), between 1.5 and 21 years of age (mean age, 11.9 years), with drug-resistant epilepsy.
August 2015: Pediatric neurology briefs
Lung-Chang Lin, Rei-Cheng Yang
Coppola et al. reported 5 out of 11 patients suffering from drug-resistant epileptic encephalopathy associated with cerebral palsy had a ≥50% reduction in the total number of seizures after listening a set of Mozart's compositions 2 h per day for 15 days. Our previous studies also revealed that both seizure frequencies, recurrence of first unprovoked seizure, and epileptiform discharges are significant reduced after listening to Mozart K.448. Until now, the real mechanism of music effect on epilepsy is still unclear...
October 2015: Translational pediatrics
Yingshou Xing, Yi Qin, Wei Jing, Yunxiang Zhang, Yanran Wang, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often display cognitive deficits. However, current epilepsy therapeutic interventions mainly aim at how to reduce the frequency and degree of epileptic seizures. Recovery of cognitive impairment is not attended enough, resulting in the lack of effective approaches in this respect. In the pilocarpine-induced temporal lobe epilepsy rat model, memory impairment has been classically reported. Here we evaluated spatial cognition changes at different epileptogenesis stages in rats of this model and explored the effects of long-term Mozart music exposure on the recovery of cognitive ability...
February 2016: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Yingshou Xing, Wenxi Chen, Yanran Wang, Wei Jing, Shan Gao, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
Previous research has shown that dorsal hippocampus plays an important role in spatial memory process. Music exposure can enhance brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression level in dorsal hippocampus (DH) and thus enhance spatial cognition ability. But whether music experience may affect different subregions of DH in the same degree remains unclear. Here, we studied the effects of exposure to Mozart K.448 on learning behavior in developing rats using the classical Morris water maze task. The results showed that early music exposure could enhance significantly learning performance of the rats in the water maze test...
March 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Yingshou Xing, Yang Xia, Keith Kendrick, Xiuxiu Liu, Maosen Wang, Dan Wu, Hua Yang, Wei Jing, Daqing Guo, Dezhong Yao
The phenomenal finding that listening to Mozart K.448 enhances performance on spatial tasks has motivated a continuous surge in promoting music education over the past two decades. But there have been inconsistent reports in previous studies of the Mozart effect. Here conducted was a systematic study, with Mozart and retrograde Mozart music, Mozart music rhythm and pitch, behaviours and neurobiology tests, rats and humans subjects. We show that while the Mozart K.448 has positive cognitive effects, the retrograde version has a negative effect on rats' performance in the Morris water maze test and on human subjects' performance in the paper folding and cutting test and the pencil-and-paper maze test...
January 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Giangennaro Coppola, Annacarmela Toro, Francesca Felicia Operto, Giuseppe Ferrarioli, Simone Pisano, Andrea Viggiano, Alberto Verrotti
Mozart's sonata for two pianos in D major, K448, has been shown to decrease interictal EEG discharges and recurrence of clinical seizures in both adults and young patients. In this prospective, open-label study, we evaluated the effect of listening to a set of Mozart's compositions, according to the Tomatis method, on sleep quality and behavioral disorders, including auto-/hetero-aggression, irritability, and hyperactivity, in a group of children and adolescents with drug-resistant epilepsy. The study group was composed of 11 outpatients (7 males and 4 females), between 1...
September 2015: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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