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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916915/evaluation-of-a-tracking-system-for-patients-and-mixed-intravenous-medication-based-on-rfid-technology
#1
María Martínez Pérez, Guillermo Vázquez González, Carlos Dafonte
At present, one of the primary concerns of healthcare professionals is how to increase the safety and quality of the care that patients receive during their stay in hospital. This is particularly important in the administration of expensive and high-risk medicines with which it is fundamental to minimize the possibility of adverse events in the process of prescription-validation-preparation/dosage-dispensation-administration of intravenous mixes. This work is a detailed analysis of the evaluation, carried out by the health personnel involved in the Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) system developed in the Day Hospital and Pharmacy services of the Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC)...
November 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915426/impact-of-a-medication-therapy-management-service-on-the-clinical-status-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Kirla B Detoni, Isabela V Oliveira, Mariana M G Nascimento, Thaís R Caux, Mateus R Alves, Djenane Ramalho-de-Oliveira
Background At this moment, there is no information in the literature showing the impact of comprehensive medication management (CMM) service delivered to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objective This study aims to present the clinical outcomes of this service provided to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Settings Public specialty pharmacy where high cost drug treatments are provided for medical conditions not covered by the primary care such as COPD, located in Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913940/cost-analysis-and-cost-benefit-analysis-of-a-medication-review-with-follow-up-service-in-aged-polypharmacy-patients
#3
Amaia Malet-Larrea, Estíbaliz Goyenechea, Miguel A Gastelurrutia, Begoña Calvo, Victoria García-Cárdenas, Juan M Cabases, Aránzazu Noain, Fernando Martínez-Martínez, Daniel Sabater-Hernández, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: Drug related problems have a significant clinical and economic burden on patients and the healthcare system. Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service aimed at improving patient's health outcomes through an optimization of the medication. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the economic impact of the MRF service provided in community pharmacies to aged polypharmacy patients comparing MRF with usual care, by undertaking a cost analysis and a cost-benefit analysis...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901010/peking-university-health-science-center-model-of-clinical-pharmacy-education-and-clinical-pharmacist-services
#4
Zi-Hao Chen, Yi-Min Cui, Ying Zhou, Zi-Ning Wang, Yang Ke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894229/-self-reported-experience-in-patients-treated-with-hepatitis-c-direct-acting-antivirals
#5
Irene Cañamares Orbis, Javier Saez de la Fuente, Ismael Escobar Rodriguez, Concepción Esteban Alba, Ana Such Díaz, Ismael Escobar Rodríguez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To learn about and analyze the self-reported treatment experience of HCV patients who started treatment with direct acting antivirals agents (DAA), at a real-time, proactive and integrated into the pharmaceutical care healthcare process, using a prospective questionnaire completed by patients as clinical tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study conducted between April (start of the National Strategic Plan) and December 2015 in the Outpatient Pharmacy Service...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891528/preparing-nursing-home-data-from-multiple-sites-for-clinical-research-a-case-study-using-observational-health-data-sciences-and-informatics
#6
Richard D Boyce, Steven M Handler, Jordan F Karp, Subashan Perera, Charles F Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: A potential barrier to nursing home research is the limited availability of research quality data in electronic form. We describe a case study of converting electronic health data from five skilled nursing facilities to a research quality longitudinal dataset by means of open-source tools produced by the Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics (OHDSI) collaborative. METHODS: The Long-Term Care Minimum Data Set (MDS), drug dispensing, and fall incident data from five SNFs were extracted, translated, and loaded into version 4 of the OHDSI common data model...
2016: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#7
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887032/provider-perception-of-pharmacy-services-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home
#8
Nicole P Albanese, Alyssa M Pignato, Scott V Monte
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive data on clinical outcomes, cost savings, and provider experience, no study has surveyed providers to evaluate what pharmacy services they find to be worthwhile. OBJECTIVE: To determine what clinical, cost/access, and educational pharmacy services providers in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) consider worthwhile and the perceived barriers to successful pharmacist incorporation. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in a PCMH physician group...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884844/medication-reconciliation-as-a-medication-safety-initiative-in-ethiopia-a-study-protocol
#9
Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Andrew J McLachlan, Jo-Anne E Brien, Desalew Mekonnen, Zenahebezu Abay
INTRODUCTION: Medication related adverse events are common, particularly during transitions of care, and have a significant impact on patient outcomes and healthcare costs. Medication reconciliation (MedRec) is an important initiative to achieve the Quality Use of Medicines, and has been adopted as a standard practice in many developed countries. However, the impact of this strategy is rarely described in Ethiopia. The aims of this study are to explore patient safety culture, and to develop, implement and evaluate a theory informed MedRec intervention, with the aim of minimising the incidence of medication errors during hospital admission...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882840/a-comparison-of-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-on-single-product-or-free-combination-therapy-of-intranasal-steroids-and-intranasal-antihistamines
#10
Brooke Harrow, Ahmad R Sedaghat, Amanda Caldwell-Tarr, Robert Dufour
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common condition that can be treated with a number of different therapies. Treatments such as intranasal antihistamines (INAs) and intranasal steroids (INSs) are widely used by AR patients. For some allergy sufferers, a combination of therapies, specifically an INA and an INS, is required to address their symptoms. A new treatment, the formulation of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone pro-pionate used as a single spray (MP-AzeFlu), has become available for AR patients who need both types of treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882650/a-qualitative-assessment-of-west-virginia-pharmacist-activities-and-attitude-in-diabetes-management
#11
Aymen Shatnawi, David A Latif
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The role of pharmacists in chronic disease state management has been shown to significantly improve patient health outcomes and reduce overall health care costs. The current study is designed to assess the roles and attitudes of West Virginia (WV) pharmacists toward diabetes, evaluate services provided, address pharmacist clinical understanding and training, and demonstrate the challenges that limit pharmacists ability to deliver an efficient disease state management...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877048/utilization-of-gastroprotective-strategies-for-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-induced-gastrointestinal-events-in-a-major-teaching-hospital
#12
Hooi Leng Lee, Siew Siang Chua, Sanjiv Mahadeva
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical guidelines recommend the prescribing of gastroprotective strategies in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) users with risk factors for gastrointestinal (GI) ulcer or ulcer complications. However, these guidelines are not often translated into clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of gastroprotective strategies for NSAID-induced upper GI events in at-risk users in a major teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, pharmacy-based study was conducted in a major Asian institution with both primary and secondary health care services...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864732/impact-of-pharmaceutical-care-on-cardiovascular-risk-among-older-hiv-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#13
Elza Aparecida Machado Domingues, Mónica Ferrit-Martín, Miguel Ángel Calleja-Hernández
Background Advances in the treatment of HIV infection have enabled better control of the disease, allowing patients to enjoy a longer life expectancy. However, the ageing of patients leads to an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Various studies have found that pharmaceutical care results in better control of cardiovascular risk factors. Objective To measure the impact of pharmaceutical care on cardiovascular risk in patients older than 50 years receiving combination antiretroviral therapy. Setting Outpatient pharmacy service of a tertiary hospital, Spain...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#14
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862762/tenofovir-stock-shortages-have-limited-impact-on-clinic-and-patient-level-hiv-treatment-outcomes-in-public-sector-clinics-in-south-africa
#15
Alana T Brennan, Jacob Bor, Mary-Ann Davies, Francesca Conradie, Mhairi Maskew, Lawrence Long, Ian Sanne, Matthew P Fox
OBJECTIVE: Using data from four public-sector clinics in South Africa we sought to investigate provider and patient level outcomes, to understand how the 2012 tenofovir stock shortage affected the HIV care and monitoring of ART patients. METHODS: Prospective cohort analysis of ART-naïve, non-pregnant, HIV-infected patients >18 years initiating first-line ART between July 1, 2011-March 31, 2013. Linear regression was used for all outcomes (number of ART initiates, days between pharmacy visits, transfers, single drug substitutions, treatment interruptions, missed pharmacy visits, loss to follow-up and elevated viral load)...
November 11, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845870/differences-in-health-care-use-and-costs-among-patients-with-cancer-receiving-intravenous-chemotherapy-in-physician-offices-versus-in-hospital-outpatient-settings
#16
Maxine D Fisher, Rajeshwari Punekar, Yeun Mi Yim, Arthur Small, Joseph R Singer, Jay Schukman, Barbara L McAneny, Rakesh Luthra, Jennifer Malin
PURPOSE: The current shift in site of care from community oncology practices to the hospital outpatient department to deliver oncology services may have significant implications for the economic and clinical outcomes of cancer care. Therefore, this study compares health care use and costs among patients with cancer receiving intravenous (IV) chemotherapy in physician offices (PO) versus in hospital outpatient settings (HOP). METHODS: This retrospective study, which was based on medical and pharmacy claims data, included patients (age, 18 to 64 years) initiating IV chemotherapy/biologic treatment between January 1, 2006, and August 31, 2012, who were diagnosed with early or metastatic breast cancer, metastatic lung cancer, metastatic colorectal cancer, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843966/detecting-and-managing-drug-related-problems-in-the-neurology-ward-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-iran-a-clinical-pharmacist-s-intervention
#17
Farzaneh Foroughinia, Seyyed Ramtin Tazarehie, Peyman Petramfar
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the role of clinical pharmacists has become more prominent by more clinical pharmacists joining the health-care teams. This study was aimed to assess the role of a clinical pharmacist specialist in detecting and managing drug-related problems (DRPs) in the neurology ward of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Iran. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted on 123 hospitalized patients admitted to the neurology ward of a teaching hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832404/pharmacist-only-trimethoprim-pharmacist-satisfaction-on-their-training-and-the-impact-on-their-practice
#18
Rhiannon Braund, Emily Henderson, Erica McNab, Rachel Sarten, Emily Wallace, Natalie Gauld
Background In 2012, in a first for the developed world, New Zealand reclassified trimethoprim to allow specially trained pharmacists to supply the medicine without a prescription to women with cystitis fitting specific criteria. Objective This study explored pharmacists' views of the training and screening tool, impact on practice, and the pharmacists' perceptions of views of patients and doctors. Methods Structured interviews were conducted with 28 New Zealand pharmacists trained to supply trimethoprim. These pharmacists were selected to represent geographical spread as well as urban, suburban and rural...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832054/epilepsy-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-war-veterans-united-states-2002-2015
#19
Mary Jo Pugh, Anne C Van Cott, Megan Amuan, Christine Baca, Paul Rutecki, Matthew M Zack, Rosemarie Kobau
The age-adjusted prevalence of seizure disorder in United States veterans deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (IAV) is 6.1 per 1,000 persons (1), compared with 7.1 to 10 per 1,000 persons in the general population (2,3). Persons with epilepsy are at risk of excess mortality in part because of comorbidity (4). Although patterns of comorbidity have been associated with mortality in IAV (5), the unique contribution of epilepsy to excess mortality in IAV is unknown. A cohort study was developed using inpatient, outpatient, and pharmacy data from the U...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822907/multiple-intra-hospital-transports-during-relocation-to-a-new-critical-care-unit
#20
R-A O'Leary, I Conrick-Martin, C O'Loughlin, M-R Curran, B Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Intra-hospital transport (IHT) of critically ill patients is associated with morbidity and mortality. Mass transfer of patients, as happens with unit relocation, is poorly described. We outline the process and adverse events associated with the relocation of a critical care unit. DESIGN: Extensive planning of the relocation targeted patient and equipment transfer, reduction in clinical pressure prior to the event and patient care during the relocation phase...
November 7, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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