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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907299/the-effect-of-a-service-dog-on-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-in-a-military-population-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#1
Kerri E Rodriguez, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger, Marguerite E O'Haire
Recent studies suggest a therapeutic effect of psychiatric service dogs for military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but are limited by self-report biases. The current study assessed the effect of PTSD service dogs on the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and arousal-related functioning in a population of military veterans with PTSD. Participants included 73 post-9/11 military veterans with PTSD including 45 with a service dog and 28 on the waitlist to receive one. Saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekday mornings at awakening and 30 min later to quantify the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and its area under the curve (AUCi) in addition to standardized survey measures of anxiety, anger, sleep quality and disturbance, and alcohol abuse...
April 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904201/reflections-on-the-provision-of-veterinary-services-to-underserved-regions-a-case-example-using-northern-manitoba-canada
#2
Caroline Boissonneault, Tasha Epp
Rural, remote, and Indigenous communities often contend with free-roaming dog populations, increasing the risk of aggressive dog encounters, particularly dog bites and fatal dog attacks. This qualitative survey gathered a range of perspectives to ascertain the current veterinary services available in rural, remote, and Indigenous communities of northern Manitoba, as well as needs, barriers to, and considerations for future veterinary care provision. Survey results indicated terminology such as "overpopulation" and "rescue" need to be carefully considered as they may have negative connotations for communities...
May 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900232/camera-trap-and-questionnaire-dataset-on-ecosystem-services-provided-by-small-carnivores-in-agro-ecosystems-in-south-africa
#3
Samual T Williams, Naudene Maree, Peter Taylor, Steven R Belmain, Mark Keith, Lourens H Swanepoel
This dataset includes data derived from camera trap surveys and questionnaire surveys relating to small carnivores in agro-ecosystems in the Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa. The data were collected as part of the study "Predation by small mammalian carnivores in rural agro-ecosystems: An undervalued ecosystem service?" (Williams et al., 2017a) [1]. Camera trap locations were stratified by land use: settlement, crops, and grazing areas. The camera trap data provide an insight into the ecology of the nine species of small carnivores that were recorded: striped polecat ( Ictonyx striatus ), honey badger ( Mellivora capensis ), large-spotted genet ( Genetta maculata ), African civet ( Civettictis civetta ), slender mongoose ( Galerella sanguinea ), Meller's mongoose ( Rhynchogale melleri ), Selous' mongoose ( Paracynictis selousi ), white tailed mongoose ( Ichneumia albicauda ), and dwarf mongoose ( Helogale parvula )...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888234/a-systematic-review-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-behavioural-tests-used-to-assess-behavioural-characteristics-important-in-working-dogs
#4
Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills
Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests used to make these predictions. Methods: A systematic review was undertaken aimed at bringing together available information on the reliability and predictive validity of the assessment of behavioural characteristics used with working dogs to establish the quality of selection tests currently available for use to predict success in working dogs...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871745/predicting-caregiver-burden-in-general-veterinary-clients-contribution-of-companion-animal-clinical-signs-and-problem-behaviors
#5
M B Spitznagel, D M Jacobson, M D Cox, M D Carlson
Caregiver burden, found in many clients with a chronically or terminally ill companion animal, has been linked to poorer psychosocial function in the client and greater utilization of non-billable veterinary services. To reduce client caregiver burden, its determinants must first be identified. This study examined if companion animal clinical signs and problem behaviors predict veterinary client burden within broader client- and patient-based risk factor models. Data were collected in two phases. Phase 1 included 238 companion animal owners, including those with a sick companion animal (n=119) and matched healthy controls (n=119) recruited online...
June 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869064/more-evidence-that-less-is-better-sub-optimal-choice-in-dogs
#6
Rebecca J Chase, David N George
The less-is-better effect is a preference for the lesser of two alternatives sometimes observed when they are evaluated separately. For example, a dinner service of 24 intact pieces might be judged to be more valuable than a 40-piece dinner service containing nine broken pieces. Pattison and Zentall (Animal Cognition, 17: 1019-1022, 2014) reported similar sub-optimal choice behavior in dogs using a simultaneous choice procedure. Given a choice between a single high-value food item (cheese) or an equivalent high-value item plus a lower-value food item (carrot), their dogs chose the individual item...
June 4, 2018: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844953/the-role-of-gut-microbiota-in-the-regulation-of-standard-metabolic-rate-in-female-periplaneta-americana
#7
Paul A Ayayee, Andrew Ondrejech, George Keeney, Agustí Muñoz-Garcia
Insect gut microbiota contribute significantly to host nutritional ecology. Disrupting insect gut microbial assemblages impacts nutrient provisioning functions, and can potentially affect host standard metabolic rate (SMR), a measure of host energy balance. In this study, we evaluated the effect of disrupting gut microbial assemblages on the SMR of female Periplaneta americana cockroaches fed dog food (DF, high protein/carbohydrate (p/c) ratio), and cellulose-amended dog food (CADF, 30% dog food, 70% cellulose, low p/c ratio) diets, supplemented with none, low, or high antibiotic doses...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#8
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#9
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
May 21, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#10
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774304/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-in-boxer-dogs-the-diagnosis-as-a-link-to-the-human-disease
#11
Annina S Vischer, David J Connolly, Caroline J Coats, Virginia Luis Fuentes, William J McKenna, Silvia Castelletti, Antonios A Pantazis
Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a myocardial disease with an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias. The condition, which occurs in Boxer dogs, shares phenotypic features with the human disease arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) suggesting its potential as a natural animal model. However, there are currently no universally accepted clinical criteria to diagnose ARVC in Boxer dogs. We aimed to identify diagnostic criteria for ARVC in Boxer dogs defining a more uniform and consistent phenotype...
September 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774295/serological-investigation-of-visceral-leishmania-infection-in-human-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-welkait-district-western-tigray-ethiopia
#12
Abrha Bsrat, Mebrahtu Berhe, Endalemaw Gadissa, Habtamu Taddele, Yohannes Tekle, Yohannes Hagos, Adugna Abera, Messele G/Micael, Tehetna Alemayhu, Getachew Gugsa, Abraham Aseffa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is major neglected public health problem in terms of geographical spread and incidence in Ethiopia. Magnitude, public health impact and dynamics of VL were not well studied in Welkait District, Western Tigray, though the area is known for VL. Hence, this study aimed to determine sero-prevalence of human VL and associated risk factors in Welkait as new foci. A cross sectional study design was employed in this study. Two stage stratified random sampling method was used to select study participants...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759902/peri-anaesthetic-mortality-and-nonfatal-gastrointestinal-complications-in-pet-rabbits-a-retrospective-study-on-210-cases
#13
Hoi W Lee, Hanna Machin, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the associated risk factors of peri-anaesthetic mortality and gastrointestinal complications in pet rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: A total of 185 pet rabbits admitted to the Exotic Referal Service of Beaumont Sainsbury's Animal Hospital over the period 2009-2016. METHODS: The clinical records of the rabbits were obtained from the database...
February 27, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703274/romer-labs-rapidchek-%C3%A2-listeria-monocytogenes-test-system-for-the-detection-of-l-monocytogenes-on-selected-foods-and-environmental-surfaces
#14
Gregory Juck, Verapaz Gonzalez, Ann-Christine Olsson Allen, Meredith Sutzko, Kody Seward, Mark T Muldoon
The Romer Labs RapidChek® Listeria monocytogenes test system (Performance Tested Method ℠ 011805) was validated against the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Food Safety and Inspection Service Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (USDA-FSIS/MLG), U.S. Food and Drug Association Bacteriological Analytical Manual (FDA/BAM), and AOAC Official Methods of Analysis ℠ (AOAC/OMA) cultural reference methods for the detection of L. monocytogenes on selected foods including hot dogs, frozen cooked breaded chicken, frozen cooked shrimp, cured ham, and ice cream, and environmental surfaces including stainless steel and plastic in an unpaired study design...
April 27, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698000/benefits-and-challenges-of-using-service-dogs-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Ashli Owen-Smith, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are increasingly seeking service dogs to help them manage trauma-related symptoms, yet literature describing service dog use in this population is scant. The goal of this study was to document the benefits and challenges experienced by veterans with service dogs trained to assist with PTSD-related needs. METHOD: Participants were veterans (N = 41) with service dogs, and their caregivers (n = 8), recruited through community-based service dog training agencies...
April 26, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#16
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659117/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-peripheral-pulse-palpation-and-doppler-systolic-blood-pressure-in-dogs-presenting-to-an-emergency-service
#17
Laura B Ateca, Erica L Reineke, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between peripheral pulse palpation and Doppler-derived systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurement in dogs presenting to an emergency service. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-three dogs that were presented to the emergency service. Dogs were eligible for inclusion in the study if a physical examination and a SBP measurement were performed prior to any interventions...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616229/investigation-of-the-behavioral-characteristics-of-dogs-purpose-bred-and-prepared-to-perform-vapor-wake-%C3%A2-detection-of-person-borne-explosives
#19
Lucia Lazarowski, Pamela Sue Haney, Jeanne Brock, Terry Fischer, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle, Jeffrey S Katz, L Paul Waggoner
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake ® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to target odors in the aerodynamic wakes of moving persons, which entrains vapor and small particles from the person. The behavioral characteristics necessary for dogs to be successfully trained and employed for the application of VW are a distinct subset of the desired general characteristics of dogs used for detection tasks due to the dynamic nature of moving targets...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608792/prevalence-of-proteinuria-in-a-canine-oncology-population
#20
R A Prudic, C F Saba, B N Lourenço, A C Bugbee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the point prevalence of proteinuria in dogs presenting to the University of Georgia Oncology Service for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 60 client-owned dogs with a confirmed cancer diagnosis were included but those with lower urinary tract neoplasia were excluded. Each dog's signalment, cancer diagnosis, previous cancer treatments, current medications and travel history were recorded. Renal values, electrolytes, packed cell volume, total solids, systolic blood pressure, urinalysis, urine protein:urine creatinine and retinal examinations were recorded...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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