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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#1
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659117/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-peripheral-pulse-palpation-and-doppler-systolic-blood-pressure-in-dogs-presenting-to-an-emergency-service
#2
Laura B Ateca, Erica L Reineke, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between peripheral pulse palpation and Doppler-derived systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurement in dogs presenting to an emergency service. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-three dogs that were presented to the emergency service. Dogs were eligible for inclusion in the study if a physical examination and a SBP measurement were performed prior to any interventions...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616229/investigation-of-the-behavioral-characteristics-of-dogs-purpose-bred-and-prepared-to-perform-vapor-wake-%C3%A2-detection-of-person-borne-explosives
#4
Lucia Lazarowski, Pamela Sue Haney, Jeanne Brock, Terry Fischer, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle, Jeffrey S Katz, L Paul Waggoner
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake ® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to target odors in the aerodynamic wakes of moving persons, which entrains vapor and small particles from the person. The behavioral characteristics necessary for dogs to be successfully trained and employed for the application of VW are a distinct subset of the desired general characteristics of dogs used for detection tasks due to the dynamic nature of moving targets...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608792/prevalence-of-proteinuria-in-a-canine-oncology-population
#5
R A Prudic, C F Saba, B N Lourenço, A C Bugbee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the point prevalence of proteinuria in dogs presenting to the University of Georgia Oncology Service for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 60 client-owned dogs with a confirmed cancer diagnosis were included but those with lower urinary tract neoplasia were excluded. Each dog's signalment, cancer diagnosis, previous cancer treatments, current medications and travel history were recorded. Renal values, electrolytes, packed cell volume, total solids, systolic blood pressure, urinalysis, urine protein:urine creatinine and retinal examinations were recorded...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580642/impact-of-community-delivered-sms-alerts-on-dog-owner-participation-during-a-mass-rabies-vaccination-campaign-haiti-2017
#6
Julie M Cleaton, Ryan M Wallace, Kelly Crowdis, Andy Gibson, Benjamin Monroe, Fleurinord Ludder, Melissa D Etheart, Marco Antonio Natal Vigilato, Alasdair King
Haiti has historically vaccinated between 100,000 and 300,000 dogs annually against rabies, however national authorities have not been able to reach and maintain the 70% coverage required to eliminate the canine rabies virus variant. Haiti conducts massive dog vaccination campaigns on an annual basis and utilizes both central point and door-to-door methods. These methods require that dog owners are aware of the dates and locations of the campaign. To improve this awareness among dog owners, 600,000 text messages were sent to phones in two Haitian communes (Gonaives and Saint-Marc) to remind dog owners to attend the campaign...
April 19, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558213/oral-fluid-thiol-detection-test-identifies-underlying-active-periodontal-disease-not-detected-by-the-visual-awake-examination
#7
Katherine E Queck, Angela Chapman, Leslie J Herzog, Tamara Shell-Martin, Anthony Burgess-Cassler, George David McClure
Periodontal disease in dogs is highly prevalent but can only be accurately diagnosed by performing an anesthetized oral examination with periodontal probing and dental radiography. In this study, 114 dogs had a visual awake examination of the oral cavity and were administered an oral-fluid thiol-detection test prior to undergoing a a full-mouth anesthetized oral examination and digital dental radiographs. The results show the visual awake examination underestimated the presence and severity of active periodontal disease...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547926/causes-of-death-in-military-working-dogs-during-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-2001-2013
#8
Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534614/annals-express-analytical-evidence-to-show-letters-impregnated-with-novel-psychoactive-substances-nps-are-a-means-of-getting-drugs-to-inmates-within-the-uk-prison-service
#9
Loretta Theresa Ford, Jonathan David Berg
Novel psychotropic substances (NPS) also known as legal highs are a major concern in UK prisons, fuelling violence and putting a strain on resources for inmates requiring medical treatment for adverse effects. We provide a clinical toxicology service including routine screening for NPS. In 2015 we were approached by Her Majesty Prison Service (HMPS) search dog training team to advise on which NPS to target, and again in 2016 to further provide analytical support to test five letters which the dogs positively identified for NPS during routine searches of prison mail rooms...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533149/examining-the-effects-of-a-service-trained-facility-dog-on-stress-in-children-undergoing-forensic-interview-for-allegations-of-child-sexual-abuse
#10
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Michele Thames, Colleen M Ray, John Kolassa
Disclosure of child sexual abuse can be a stressful experience for the child. Gaining a better understanding of how best to serve the child, while preserving the quality of their disclosure, is an ever-evolving process. The data to answer this question come from 51 children aged 4-16 (M = 9.1, SD = 3.5), who were referred to a child advocacy center in Virginia for a forensic interview (FI) following allegations of sexual abuse. A repeated measures design was conducted to examine how the presence of a service-trained facility dog (e...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525234/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-in-a-mini-breed-puppy-associated-with-aspiration-pneumonia
#11
Rocío Martínez, Carlos Torrente
A 3-month-old intact male Prague ratter was presented to the emergency service for evaluation of progressive lethargy, weakness, coughing and labour breathing after an episode of resistance to oral deworming. The patient exhibited depression, increased respiratory effort and cyanosis at initial presentation. Results of first diagnostic work-up (complete blood cell count, biochemistry panel and thoracic x-rays) were all consistent with aspiration pneumonia. The puppy was initially treated with balanced isotonic crystalloids, broad spectrum antibiotics, nebulization with thoracic coupage and was transferred to an infant incubator with a sustained FiO2 of 40-50%...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524317/determinants-of-health-seeking-behaviour-following-rabies-exposure-in-ethiopia
#12
T J Beyene, M C M Mourits, C W Revie, H Hogeveen
The objective of this study was to identify factors that determine medical treatment seeking behaviour following potential rabies exposure after being bitten by a suspected dog and the likelihood of compliance to receive sufficient doses of post-exposure prophylaxis after the visit to a health centre visit. A detailed survey based on case investigation was conducted on suspected rabid dog bite cases in three areas of Ethiopia. Two multivariable logistic regression models were created with a set of putative variables to explain treatment seeking and compliance outcomes...
March 10, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517158/bilateral-retinoschisis-in-a-dog-a-veterinary-clinical-application-for-optical-coherence-tomograph
#13
Elizabeth A F Schaefer, Rebecca E H Whiting, Jacqueline W Pearce, Bruce H Grahn, Charles W Hamm, Cecil P Moore, Kristina L Narfström
A 11-year-old neutered male Labrador retriever-cross dog was presented to the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Ophthalmology Service for subtle visual deficits. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a smooth, bullous elevation in the superior-temporal retina OU. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) performed OU showed inner retinal separation consistent with retinoschisis. Electroretinography (ERG) revealed markedly reduced b-wave amplitudes in the more severely affected eye (OD) compared with the less severely affected eye (OS)...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502522/management-of-dog-bites-by-frontline-service-providers-in-primary-healthcare-facilities-in-the-greater-accra-region-of-ghana-2014-2015
#14
Ernest Kenu, Vincent Ganu, Charles Lwanga Noora, Richard Adanu, Margaret Lartey
BACKGROUND: Dog bites are common in developing countries including Ghana, with the victims often being children. Although some breeds of dogs have been identified as being more aggressive than others, all dog bites carry a risk of infection. Immediate and initial assessment of the risk for tetanus and rabies infection with appropriate interventions such as wound management and subsequent selection of prophylactic antibiotics are essential in the management of dog bites. This study examined the management of patients with dog bites by frontline service providers at primary healthcare facilities in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana...
February 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496100/pilot-study-of-the-financial-and-practice-protocol-impacts-of-canine-influenza-virus-h3n2-outbreaks-in-example-veterinary-practices
#15
Kennedy Mwacalimba, Annette Litster
Since March 2015, canine influenza virus (CIV) H3N2 has caused widespread outbreaks in dogs across the USA. The effects of local H3N2 outbreaks on veterinary practices were investigated using an online interface and followed with phone calls to respondents when necessary. An outbreak was defined as confirmed diagnosis of H3N2 by either PCR or serology in at least four dogs. Of 30 practices invited to participate, five met the entry criteria: at least one documented H3N2 outbreak in the previous 12 months, a predominantly (≥70%) small animal caseload, and adequate financial records to complete the survey...
March 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482640/investigation-of-short-term-surgical-complications-in-a-low-resource-high-volume-dog-sterilisation-clinic-in-india
#16
I Airikkala-Otter, L Gamble, S Mazeri, I G Handel, B M de C Bronsvoort, R J Mellanby, N V Meunier
BACKGROUND: Surgical sterilisation is currently the method of choice for controlling free-roaming dog populations. However, there are significant logistical challenges to neutering large numbers of dogs in low-resource clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of short-term surgical complications in a low-resource sterilisation clinic which did not routinely administer post-operative antibiotics. The medical records of all sterilisation surgeries performed in 2015 at the Worldwide Veterinary Service International Training Centre in Tamil Nadu, India were reviewed (group A) to assess immediate surgical complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471848/canine-caliciviruses-of-four-serotypes-from-military-and-research-dogs-recovered-in-1963-1978-belong-to-two-phylogenetic-clades-in-the-vesivirus-genus
#17
Leonard N Binn, Erica A Norby, Ruth H Marchwicki, Richard G Jarman, Paul B Keiser, Jun Hang
BACKGROUND: Vesiviruses (family Caliciviridae) had been shown capable of invading a variety of host species, raising concern of their zoonotic potential. Since the 1980's, several canine caliciviruses (CaCV) isolates have been reported and are phylogenetically related to the vesiviruses with features distinct from both Vesicular exanthema of swine virus (VESV) and Feline calicivirus (FCV) species in phylogeny, serology and cell culture specificities. Etiological studies of canine diseases in dogs used for military services and laboratory studies were conducted in 1963-1978 at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research...
February 23, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424092/characterization-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-a-region-of-the-eastern-amazon-state-of-par%C3%A3-brazil-between-2000-and-2014
#18
N S De Paula, E A Saraiva, I M Araújo, K K G Nascimento, D A Xavier, K S Santos, E M N Abreu, R J P S Guimãraes, I Abel
Animal bites are a serious public health issue, and prevention strategies have been consistently documented worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize human anti-rabies treatment in 11 counties of the Salgado microregion, Pará state, Brazil, which borders the Bragantina microregion, where exposures of human rabies were reported in 2004 and 2005. A descriptive retrospective study was conducted using anti-rabies treatment notifications registered in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database of the State Department of Public Health of Pará (SESPA) from January 2000 to December 2014...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421799/an-international-genetic-survey-of-breed-specific-diseases-in-working-dogs-from-the-united-states-israel-and-poland
#19
Lisa G Shaffer, Christina J Ramirez, Patricia Phelps, Maya Aviram, Marta Walczak, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, Blake C Ballif
Genetic diseases occur in breeds used for law enforcement. As important team members, dogs are expected to operate at peak performance for several years and are significant investments for both the initial purchase and extensive, specialized training. Previous studies have not focused on causes for retirement or euthanasia as genetic (inherited) versus acquired (environmental). We performed direct mutational analysis for breed-specific conditions on samples from 304 dogs including 267 law enforcement (122 US, 87 Israeli, and 58 Polish) and 37 search and rescue dogs...
February 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369663/preliminary-efficacy-of-service-dogs-as-a-complementary-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-members-and-veterans
#20
Marguerite E O'Haire, Kerri E Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric service dogs are an emerging complementary treatment for military members and veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet despite anecdotal accounts of their value, there is a lack of empirical research on their efficacy. The current proof-of-concept study assessed the effects of this practice. METHOD: A nonrandomized efficacy trial was conducted with 141 post-9/11 military members and veterans with PTSD to compare usual care alone (n = 66) with usual care plus a trained service dog (n = 75)...
February 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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