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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424092/characterization-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-a-region-of-the-eastern-amazon-state-of-par%C3%A3-brazil-between-2000-and-2014
#1
N S De Paula, E A Saraiva, I M Araújo, K K G Nascimento, D A Xavier, K S Santos, E M N Abreu, R J P S Guimãraes, I Abel
Animal bites are a serious public health issue, and prevention strategies have been consistently documented worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize human anti-rabies treatment in 11 counties of the Salgado microregion, Pará state, Brazil, which borders the Bragantina microregion, where exposures of human rabies were reported in 2004 and 2005. A descriptive retrospective study was conducted using anti-rabies treatment notifications registered in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database of the State Department of Public Health of Pará (SESPA) from January 2000 to December 2014...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421799/an-international-genetic-survey-of-breed-specific-diseases-in-working-dogs-from-the-united-states-israel-and-poland
#2
Lisa G Shaffer, Christina J Ramirez, Patricia Phelps, Maya Aviram, Marta Walczak, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, Blake C Ballif
Genetic diseases occur in breeds used for law enforcement. As important team members, dogs are expected to operate at peak performance for several years and are significant investments for both the initial purchase and extensive, specialized training. Previous studies have not focused on causes for retirement or euthanasia as genetic (inherited) versus acquired (environmental). We performed direct mutational analysis for breed-specific conditions on samples from 304 dogs including 267 law enforcement (122 US, 87 Israeli, and 58 Polish) and 37 search and rescue dogs...
February 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369663/preliminary-efficacy-of-service-dogs-as-a-complementary-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-members-and-veterans
#3
Marguerite E O'Haire, Kerri E Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric service dogs are an emerging complementary treatment for military members and veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet despite anecdotal accounts of their value, there is a lack of empirical research on their efficacy. The current proof-of-concept study assessed the effects of this practice. METHOD: A nonrandomized efficacy trial was conducted with 141 post-9/11 military members and veterans with PTSD to compare usual care alone (n = 66) with usual care plus a trained service dog (n = 75)...
February 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322453/mothering-matters-maternal-style-predicts-puppies-future-performance
#4
Lucia Lazarowski, Jeffrey S Katz
Bray et al. (2017, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(32), 9128-9133) recently showed that maternal interactions between service dog mothers and their puppies were predictive of puppies' future success as a candidate service dog. These findings prompt questions into the role of genetics and early experiences and may provide useful selection tools for working dog breeding programs.
January 10, 2018: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295708/epidemiological-characteristics-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-human-rabies-in-chongqing-china-2007-2016
#5
Li Qi, Kun Su, Tao Shen, Wenge Tang, Bangzhong Xiao, Jiang Long, Han Zhao, Xi Chen, Yu Xia, Yu Xiong, Dayong Xiao, Liangui Feng, Qin Li
BACKGROUND: According to the global framework of eliminating human rabies, China is responding to achieve the target of zero human death from dog-mediated rabies by 2030. Chongqing is the largest municipality directly under central government in China. We described the epidemiological characteristics and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of human rabies in this area, in order to provide a reliable epidemiology basis for further control and prevention of human rabies. METHODS: The most updated epidemiological data for human rabies cases from 2007 to 2016 in Chongqing were collected from the National Disease Reporting Information System...
January 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244598/associations-of-patient-characteristics-disease-stage-and-biopsy-technique-with-the-diagnostic-quality-of-core-needle-renal-biopsy-specimens-from-dogs-with-suspected-kidney-disease
#6
Leandro Z Crivellenti, Rachel Cianciolo, Thomas Wittum, George E Lees, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE To identify factors affecting the diagnostic quality of core needle renal biopsy specimens from dogs with suspected kidney disease. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 522 client-owned dogs with suspected kidney disease for which core needle renal biopsy specimens (n = 1,089) were submitted to the International Veterinary Renal Pathology Service for evaluation and inclusion in their database. PROCEDURES Data regarding dog signalment, clinical variables, biopsy method, needle brand and gauge, biopsy results, and other variables were extracted from the database...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236338/inflammatory-cytokine-and-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-in-dogs-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#7
Kris Gommeren, Isabelle Desmas, Alexandra Garcia, Natalie Bauer, Andreas Moritz, Joachim Roth, Dominique Peeters
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) kinetics in dogs with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) presented to an emergency service. We hypothesized serum CRP concentrations would increase and vary during hospitalization, and would correlate with plasma IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations, vary in magnitude according to the underlying disease, and predict survival. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, clinical study...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229015/risk-factors-for-acquisition-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-and-development-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections
#8
U V Ukah, M Glass, B Avery, D Daignault, M R Mulvey, R J Reid-Smith, E J Parmley, A Portt, P Boerlin, A R Manges
We examined risk factors associated with the intestinal acquisition of antimicrobial-resistant extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) and development of community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) in a case-control study of young women across Canada. A total of 399 women were recruited; 164 women had a UTI caused by E. coli resistant to ⩾1 antimicrobial classes and 98 had a UTI caused by E. coli resistant to ⩾3 antimicrobial classes. After adjustment for age, student health service (region of Canada) and either prior antibiotic use or UTI history, consumption of processed or ground chicken, cooked or raw shellfish, street foods and any organic fruit; as well as, contact with chickens, dogs and pet treats; and travel to Asia, were associated with an increased risk of UTI caused by antimicrobial resistant E...
December 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205404/a-quilting-subcutaneous-suture-pattern-to-reduce-seroma-formation-and-pain-24-hours-after-midline-celiotomy-in-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Blake M Travis, Galina M Hayes, K Vissio, H J Harvey, James A Flanders, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a quilting suture pattern tacking the subcutaneous tissues to the deep fascia on complications after midline celiotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, blinded, controlled trial conducted in a veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Four hundred thirty-two dogs undergoing midline celiotomy for ovariohysterectomy (n = 249) or other abdominal procedures (n = 183). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to (1) a quilting group, subcutaneous tissue with apposition plus tacking to the rectus fascia or (2) a nonquilting group, with apposition of subcutaneous tissue without tacking...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205375/comparison-of-direct-in-house-cerebrospinal-fluid-cytology-with-commercial-pathology-results-in-dogs
#10
P L Newton, D R Fry, M P Best
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correspondence between in-house direct cytological assessment of cerebrospinal fluid and results from a commercial veterinary pathology laboratory. METHODS: Prospective inclusion of samples from dogs that were presented for investigation of suspected neurological disease and had cerebrospinal fluid samples submitted to a commercial pathology laboratory for analysis. A board-certified veterinary pathologist assessed all cerebrospinal fluid samples, and a line smear was assessed in-house by two observers...
December 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177710/reflections-on-recent-research-into-animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-military-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Christina B Rumayor, Amy M Thrasher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review was threefold: to address the current state of Animal-Assisted Interactions (AAI) within the military; to summarize recent literature (within the past three years) in the field of AAI; and to discuss trends in AAI research since 2014. RECENT FINDINGS: With regard to AAI within the military, several canine interaction programs have been utilized to assist service members in coping with various issues. Therapy dogs have been deployed with Combat-Operational Stress Control units; they have been integrated into medical clinics and behavioral health treatment programs in garrison; and policy has been developed to address the use of therapy animals in military treatment facilities...
November 25, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157032/pain-fatigue-function-and-participation-among-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-partnered-with-a-mobility-service-dog
#12
Claude Vincent, Dany H Gagnon, Frédéric Dumont
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of a mobility service dog (MSD) on pain, fatigue, wheelchair-related functional tasks, participation and satisfaction among manual wheelchair users over a nine-month period. METHOD: A longitudinal study with repeated assessment times before and three, six and nine months after intervention was achieved. Intervention consisted in partnering each participant with a MSD. The setting is a well-established provincial service dog training school and participants homes...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145778/an-apparent-case-of-brodifacoum-toxicosis-in-a-whelping-dog
#13
Scott D Fitzgerald, Jennifer Martinez, John P Buchweitz
A 7-y-old Weimaraner bitch was presented to emergency service after 3 h of active labor with no puppies produced. Hemoabdomen and hemothorax were present at the time of surgery; prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) were both found to be within normal ranges. Surgical cesarean section was performed; 4 dead puppies and 5 live puppies were delivered. Because hemostasis was difficult to achieve, a hysterectomy was performed; however, the dog died as the operation was being completed...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142147/accidental-afloqualone-intoxication-in-two-dogs
#14
Jin-Ok Ahn, Won-Joung Jaung, Sang-Heum Won, Min-Ok Ryu, Woo-Jin Song, Kee-Ok Jeon, Jin-Young Chung, Hwa-Young Youn
Two dogs presented to the emergency service after accidental ingestion of afloqualone tablets, a muscle relaxant used for back pain in humans. Toxic effects of the drug in these dogs included vomiting, respiratory depression, seizures, ataxia, bradycardia, and hematuria. Treatment consisted of fluid diuresis, furosemide, and propofol. Flumazenil, a gamma-amino butyric acid antagonist, was administered intravenously; however, it was not effective in stopping the seizures in these dogs. Both dogs recovered with supportive treatment...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067202/tolerability-of-a-rapid-escalation-vinblastine-prednisolone-protocol-in-dogs-with-mast-cell-tumours
#15
Juan Carlos Serra Varela, Evi Pecceu, Ian Handel, Jessica Lawrence
Optimal chemotherapy protocols for high-risk mast cell tumours (MCTs) are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the tolerability and toxicity profile of a rapidly escalating vinblastine and prednisolone protocol (VPP) in which 3.00 mg/m(2) was administered once 7 days apart: at day 14 and at day 21. Dogs with chemotherapy-naïve MCTs presenting to the Oncology Service of a single institution were prospectively enrolled to receive escalating vinblastine, and haematology and a standardised quality-of-life questionnaire were assessed prior to each dosage...
November 2016: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064363/the-health-impact-of-rabies-in-haiti-and-recent-developments-on-the-path-toward-elimination-2010-2015
#16
Ryan Wallace, Melissa Etheart, Fleurinord Ludder, Pierre Augustin, Natael Fenelon, Richard Franka, Kelly Crowdis, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, J Pierre-Louis, Modupe Osinubi, Lillian Orciari, Marco Vigilato, Jesse Blanton, Roopal Patel, David Lowrance, Andrecy Liverdieu, Andre Coetzer, John Boone, Joanne Lindenmayer, M Millien
Haiti, a Caribbean country of 10.5 million people, is estimated to have the highest burden of canine-mediated human rabies deaths in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the highest rates of human rabies deaths in the world. Haiti is also the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and has numerous economic and health priorities that compete for rabies-control resources. As a result, primary rabies-control actions, including canine vaccination programs, surveillance systems for human and animal rabies, and appropriate postbite treatment, have not been fully implemented at a national scale...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#17
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021984/mri-findings-of-early-stage-hyperacute-hemorrhage-causing-extramedullary-compression-of-the-cervical-spinal-cord-in-a-dog-with-suspected-steroid-responsive-meningitis-arteritis
#18
Adriano Wang-Leandro, Enrice-Ina Huenerfauth, Katharina Heissl, Andrea Tipold
A 9-month-old female Weimaraner was presented to the emergency service due to episodes of fever and neck pain. Physical examination revealed a stiff neck posture and elevated body temperature. Shortly after clinical examination was performed, the dog developed peracute onset of non-ambulatory tetraparesis compatible with a C1-C5 spinal cord (SC) lesion. Immediately thereafter (<1 h), MRI of the cervical SC was performed with a 3-T scanner. A left ventrolateral intradural-extramedullary SC compression caused by a round-shaped structure at the level of C3--C4 was evidenced...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020186/rabies-postexposure-prophylaxis-noncompletion-after-dog-bites-estimating-the-unseen-to-meet-the-needs-of-the-underserved
#19
Arnaud Tarantola, Sophie Blanchi, Julien Cappelle, Sowath Ly, Malen Chan, Sotheary In, Yiksing Peng, Chanthy Hing, Chun Navy Taing, Sovann Ly, Hervé Bourhy, Philippe Buchy, Philippe Dussart, Jean-Yves Mary
Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) prevents human rabies and is accessible in Cambodia principally in Phnom Penh, the capital. Timely, affordable access to PEP is a challenge for the mainly rural population. We aimed to identify districts independently associated with PEP noncompletion to position frontline vaccination centers. We analyzed the 2009-2013 database at the Rabies Prevention Center at the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh. Logistic regressions identified nongeographic determinants of PEP noncompletion as well as the districts that were independently associated with noncompletion after adjustment for these determinants...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987308/ambulance-crash-in-a-rural-area-of-thailand
#20
Ratrawee Pattanarattanamolee, Somkid Lertsinudom, Shinji Nakahara, Tetsuya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: Ambulance crashes delay patient transfer and endanger patients, ambulance crews, and other road users. In low- and middle-income countries, where motor vehicle crash rates are typically high, ambulances have a high risk of being involved in a crash. This case report describes an ambulance crash in Thailand to elucidate modifiable problems in current protocols and practices of emergency medical services. CASE REPORT: In November 2016, a 28-year-old male driver of an ambulance died in a crash while transferring a female patient with dizziness to a rural hospital...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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