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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295988/measurement-of-plasma-cell-free-dna-concentrations-in-dogs-with-sepsis-trauma-and-neoplasia
#1
Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs
OBJECTIVES: To determine if cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was identifiable in canine plasma, to evaluate 3 techniques for the measurement of plasma cfDNA concentrations in dogs presented to an emergency service, and to compare the plasma cfDNA concentrations of healthy dogs to those with sepsis, trauma, and neoplasia. DESIGN: Retrospective study of banked canine plasma samples collected between May 2014 and December 2014. SETTING: Dogs presented to the emergency service of a university veterinary teaching hospital...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292227/an-observational-study-of-service-dogs-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Nancy A Perrin, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVES: This study examined needs related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), assistance by service dogs, and feasibility of data collection among veterans receiving service dogs. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed PTSD-related needs and services performed or expected to be performed by service dogs among 78 veterans who had or were on a wait list for a service dog (average age, 42; women, 31%). Analyses compared pre-post characteristics among 22 veterans who received a service dog as part of the study (91% follow-up; average follow-up=3...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287780/examining-the-effects-of-a-novel-training-program-and-use-of-psychiatric-service-dogs-for-military-related-ptsd-and-associated-symptoms
#3
Megan L Kloep, Richard H Hunter, Sarah J Kertz
This study explored an intensive 3-week training program and use of psychiatric service dogs for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms. The sample included 2 separate cohorts of military veterans (n = 7 and n = 5) with prior diagnoses of PTSD. Participants completed self-report measures assessing PTSD, depression, perception of social support, anger, and overall quality of life 1 month prior to the training (baseline), at arrival to the training site, and 6-month follow-up...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287675/psychiatric-nurses-views-on-caring-patients-and-canine-companions
#4
Camille King
Psychiatric nurses are expert care providers for individuals with mental health needs. The art of caring spans across multiple species, is important to understand, and is universal whether intentions are toward individuals or animals. Pets are often cared for and viewed as family members. The current research examined psychiatric nurses' views on the similarities and differences of caring for patients and their pet dogs. Twenty-five nurses were interviewed. Similarities of caring for patients and canines included trusting relationships, companionship, daily basic needs, and improved communication through monitored body language...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275611/qualitative-research-to-design-sustainable-community-based-surveillance-for-rabies-in-northern-australia-and-papua-new-guinea
#5
Victoria J Brookes, Emma Kennedy, Phillipa Dhagapan, Michael P Ward
Given the proximity and recent spread of rabies in Indonesia, effective rabies surveillance in dogs is a priority in Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG). Reporting of potential cases requires community engagement; therefore, the value and acceptability of such a system is critical to ensure sustainable surveillance. We used qualitative research methods to identify factors that influence the acceptability and value of community-based rabies surveillance. Thirty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted with informants in 16 communities in East Arnhem, the Northern Peninsula Area, the Torres Strait in Australia, and in Western Province, PNG...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272182/use-of-a-dog-visitation-program-to-improve-patient-satisfaction-in-trauma-patients
#6
Penelope Stevens, John P Kepros, Benjamin D Mosher
Clinical staff members all recognize the importance of attaining high patient satisfaction scores. Although there are many variables that contribute to patient satisfaction, implementation of a dog visitation program has been shown to have positive effects on patient satisfaction in total joint replacement patients. This innovative practice had not previously been studied in trauma patients. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine whether dog visitation to trauma inpatients increased patient satisfaction scores with the trauma physicians...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266550/functional-mri-in-awake-dogs-predicts-suitability-for-assistance-work
#7
Gregory S Berns, Andrew M Brooks, Mark Spivak, Kerinne Levy
The overall goal of this work was to measure the efficacy of fMRI for predicting whether a dog would be a successful service dog. The training and imaging were performed in 49 dogs entering service training at 17-21 months of age. 33 dogs completed service training and were matched with a person, while 10 were released for behavioral reasons (4 were selected as breeders and 2 were released for medical reasons.) After 2 months of training, fMRI responses were measured while each dog observed hand signals indicating either reward or no reward and given by both a familiar handler and a stranger...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243185/immediate-effect-of-a-service-dog-on-walking-speed-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-gait-dysfunction-a-pilot-study
#8
Cecilie Fjeldstad, Gabriel Pardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218025/dental-implants-and-incisor-bridge-placement-in-a-dog
#9
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Veterinary dentistry has tended to follow the trends and advancements in the human dental field. As for any procedure performed on a patient, whether human or animal, an informed decision is based on the available evidence regarding treatment options. This is certainly true for the more involved treatments in veterinary dentistry which can include the disciplines of endodontics and dental implantology. A number of published case reports have been accepted by the specialty that endodontic therapy is indeed a predictable and a valuable service that can be offered to pet owners...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164402/allergen-specific-immunotherapy-prescription-patterns-in-veterinary-practice-a-us-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Kathy Chu Tater, William Elliott Cole, Paul David Pion
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to continuing allergen-specific immunotherapy treatment (ASIT) may be an issue in veterinary medicine. No studies describe how allergen tests are used in general veterinary practice, including the percentage of patients that receive ASIT after allergen testing. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Assess veterinary ASIT patterns in United States general practices. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 2,557) and 121 cats allergen-tested at 177 hospitals (173 general practice and four specialty practices) in 44 states...
February 5, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#11
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147451/impact-of-the-alexander-technique-on-well-being-a-randomised-controlled-trial-involving-older-adults-with-visual-impairment
#12
Michael Gleeson, Catherine Sherrington, Serigne Lo, Robin Auld, Lisa Keay
BACKGROUND: Older adults with visual loss have high rates of depression, restricted participation and reduced quality of life. We sought to measure the impact of lessons in the Alexander technique on vision-related emotional and social well-being, as secondary outcomes to a study on improving physical functioning in this population. METHODS: This is a single-blind randomised controlled trial. One hundred and twenty community-dwelling adults aged 50 to 90 years with visual impairments were randomised to either 12 Alexander lessons over 12 weeks and usual care or usual care...
February 1, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115177/prediction-of-lymph-node-parasite-load-from-clinical-data-in-dogs-with-leishmaniasis-an-application-of-radial-basis-artificial-neural-networks
#13
Rafaela Beatriz Pintor Torrecilha, Yuri Tani Utsunomiya, Luís Fábio da Silva Batista, Anelise Maria Bosco, Cáris Maroni Nunes, Paulo César Ciarlini, Márcia Dalastra Laurenti
Quantification of Leishmania infantum load via real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in lymph node aspirates is an accurate tool for diagnostics, surveillance and therapeutics follow-up in dogs with leishmaniasis. However, qPCR requires infrastructure and technical training that is not always available commercially or in public services. Here, we used a machine learning technique, namely Radial Basis Artificial Neural Network, to assess whether parasite load could be learned from clinical data (serological test, biochemical markers and physical signs)...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114696/-quality-of-glaucoma-care-in-the-greater-hamburg-area
#14
S Waibel, C Gesser, M Klemm
Background There is insufficient data on the quality of health services and health-related quality of life of patients with glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which the health services for glaucoma patients in the Greater Hamburg area conform to the guidelines set by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG). Materials and Methods 196 glaucoma patients were offered an interview-administered questionnaire during their inpatient diurnal IOP measurement. The quality of glaucoma care and examinations recommended by the DOG were analysed...
January 23, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986514/parenting-stress-and-salivary-cortisol-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-longitudinal-variations-in-the-context-of-a-service-dog-s-presence-in-the-family
#15
Stéphanie-M Fecteau, Louise Boivin, Marcel Trudel, Blythe A Corbett, Frank E Harrell, Robert Viau, Noël Champagne, Frédéric Picard
A significant portion of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder report high levels of stress related to parenting responsibilities, which have been linked to abnormal cortisol patterns. This study seeks to better understand the parents' adaptation to caregiving demands and use of a service dog, by taking into account longitudinal variations in salivary cortisol and perception of parental stress. Salivary cortisol was collected one day per week for 15 weeks by 98 primary caregivers of children with ASD...
December 13, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976919/by-my-side-the-university-s-first-service-dogs
#16
Mary P Lahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974078/operation-canine-lifeline-recommendations-for-enhancing-prehospital-care-for-government-working-dogs
#17
Teija Corse, Chelsea Firth, John Burke, Kenneth Schor, James F Koterski, Sabrina McGraw, Nancy Vincent-Johnson, Lori Gordon
Operation Canine Lifeline was a tabletop exercise developed by students and faculty of Boston University School of Medicine's Healthcare Emergency Management master's program. The tabletop exercise led to discussion on current protocols for canines working in the field, what occurs if a canine encounters a toxin in the field, and what to do in situations of national security that require working with civilian agencies. This discussion led to the creation of a set of recommendations around providing prehospital veterinary care to government working dogs...
December 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973760/evaluation-of-the-lactate-plus-monitor-for-plasma-lactate-concentration-measurement-in-dogs
#18
Carolyn J Nye, Sarah E Musulin, Rita M Hanel, Christopher L Mariani
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Lactate Plus handheld monitor to a reference blood gas analyzer for determining plasma lactate concentrations in canine whole blood. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-four dogs hospitalized or admitted through the emergency service provided 125 blood samples. Only dogs that required a venous or arterial blood gas evaluation as a part of their diagnostic assessment or ongoing management were included...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895150/effects-of-va-facility-dog-on-hospitalized-veterans-seen-by-a-palliative-care-psychologist
#19
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Cari Levy, Elizabeth Holman, John E Kolassa
The United States is home to 23 million veterans. In many instances, veterans with serious illness who seek healthcare at the VA receive care from a palliative care service. Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) is gaining attention as a therapeutic stress reducing modality; however, its effects have not been well studied in veterans receiving palliative care in an acute care setting. A crossover repeated-measures study was conducted to examine the effects of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) in the form of a therapy dog on stress indicators in 25 veterans on the palliative care service at the VA Eastern Colorado Healthcare System in Denver, CO...
January 1, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889225/cost-estimate-and-proposal-for-a-development-impact-bond-for-canine-rabies-elimination-by-mass-vaccination-in-chad
#20
Franziska Anyiam, Monique Lechenne, Rolande Mindekem, Assandi Oussigéré, Service Naissengar, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Celine Mbilo, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Paul G Coleman, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Jakob Zinsstag
Close to 69,000 humans die of rabies each year, most of them in Africa and Asia. Clinical rabies can be prevented by post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, PEP is commonly not available or not affordable in developing countries. Another strategy besides treating exposed humans is the vaccination of vector species. In developing countries, the main vector is the domestic dog, that, once infected, is a serious threat to humans. After a successful mass vaccination of 70% of the dogs in N'Djaména, we report here a cost-estimate for a national rabies elimination campaign for Chad...
November 23, 2016: Acta Tropica
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