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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895150/effects-of-va-facility-dog-on-hospitalized-veterans-seen-by-a-palliative-care-psychologist-an-innovative-approach-to-impacting-stress-indicators
#1
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Cari Levy, Elizabeth Holman, John E Kolassa
The United States is home to 23 million veterans. In many instances, veterans with serious illness who seek healthcare at the VA receive care from a palliative care service. Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) is gaining attention as a therapeutic stress reducing modality; however, its effects have not been well studied in veterans receiving palliative care in an acute care setting. A crossover repeated-measures study was conducted to examine the effects of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) in the form of a therapy dog on stress indicators in 25 veterans on the palliative care service at the VA Eastern Colorado Healthcare System in Denver, CO...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889225/cost-estimate-and-proposal-for-a-development-impact-bond-for-canine-rabies-elimination-by-mass-vaccination-in-chad
#2
Franziska Anyiam, Monique Lechenne, Rolande Mindekem, Assandi Oussigéré, Service Naissengar, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Celine Mbilo, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Paul G Coleman, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Jakob Zinsstag
Close to 960,000 humans humans die of rabies each year, most of them in Africa and Asia. Clinical rabies can be prevented by post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, PEP is commonly not available or not affordable in developing countries. Another strategy besides treating exposed humans is the vaccination of vector species. In developing countries, 8.36 vector is the domestic canine, that, once infected, is a serious threat to humans. After a successful mass vaccination of 70% of the dogs in N'Djaména, we report here a cost-estimate for a national rabies elimination campaign for Chad...
November 23, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884124/community-based-interventions-to-enhance-knowledge-protective-attitudes-and-behaviors-towards-canine-rabies-results-from-a-health-communication-intervention-study-in-guangxi-china
#3
Hairong Wu, Jiao Chen, Lianbin Zou, Liefeng Zheng, Weichao Zhang, Zhenmu Meng, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Youming Wang, Jingli Kang, Xiangdong Sun
BACKGROUND: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880753/notes-from-the-field-community-based-prevention-of-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-sonora-mexico-2016
#4
Anne Straily, Naomi Drexler, Denica Cruz-Loustaunau, Christopher D Paddock, Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), a life-threatening tickborne zoonosis caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, is a reemerging disease in Mexico (1,2). R. rickettsii is an intracellular bacterium that infects vascular endothelium and can cause multisystem organ failure and death in the absence of timely administration of a tetracycline-class antibiotic, typically doxycycline. Epidemic RMSF, as described in parts of Arizona and Mexico, is associated with massive local infestations of the brown dog tick (Rhiphicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) on domestic dogs and in peridomestic settings that result in high rates of human exposure; for example, during 2003-2012, in Arizona the incidence of RMSF in the three most highly affected communities was 150 times the U...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860168/use-of-a-350-mm-2-baerveldt-glaucoma-drainage-device-to-maintain-vision-and-control-intraocular-pressure-in-dogs-with-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study-2013-2016
#5
Kathleen L Graham, David Donaldson, Francis A Billson, F Mark Billson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 350-mm(2) Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in dogs with refractory glaucoma when modifications to address postoperative hypotony (extraluminal ligature; intraluminal stent) and the fibroproliferative response (intraoperative Mitomycin-C; postoperative oral colchicine and prednisolone) are implemented as reported in human ophthalmology. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight client-owned dogs (32 eyes) including seven dogs (nine eyes) with primary glaucoma and 21 dogs (23 eyes) with secondary glaucoma...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843665/a-dog-is-a-doctor-s-best-friend-the-use-of-a-service-dog-as-a-perioperative-assistant
#6
Shannon Tew, Brad M Taicher
Service dogs are beneficial in providing assistance to people with multiple types of disabilities and medical disorders including visual impairment, physical disabilities, seizure disorders, diabetes, and mental illness. Some service animals have been trained as a screening tool for cancer. We review a case involving a 6-year-old female with a history of mast cell mediator release and immediate hypersensitivity due to the urticaria pigmentosa variant of cutaneous mastocytosis who underwent a cystourethroscopy...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751865/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-assess-animal-vaccination-programmes-the-case-of-rabies-control-in-bamako-mali
#7
Laura Mosimann, Abdallah Traoré, Stephanie Mauti, Monique Léchenne, Brigit Obrist, René Véron, Jan Hattendorf, Jakob Zinsstag
In the framework of the research network on integrated control of zoonoses in Africa (ICONZ) a dog rabies mass vaccination campaign was carried out in two communes of Bamako (Mali) in September 2014. A mixed method approach, combining quantitative and qualitative tools, was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention towards optimization for future scale-up. Actions to control rabies occur on one level in households when individuals take the decision to vaccinate their dogs. However, control also depends on provision of vaccination services and community participation at the intermediate level of social resilience...
October 14, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715313/no-dog-left-behind-a-hedonic-pricing-model-for-animal-shelters
#8
Laura A Reese, Mark Skidmore, William Dyar, Erika Rosebrook
Companion animal overpopulation is a growing problem in the United States. In addition to strays, an average of 324,500 nonhuman animals are relinquished to shelters yearly by their caregivers due to family disruption (divorce, death), foreclosure, economic problems, or minor behavioral issues. As a result, estimates of animals in shelters range from 3 million to 8 million, and due to overcrowding, euthanasia is common. This analysis seeks to determine the appropriate pricing mechanisms to clear animal shelters of dogs in the manner most desirable-that is, through adoption...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547289/emerging-cardiovascular-risk-research-impact-of-pets-on-cardiovascular-risk-prevention
#9
Pamela J Schreiner
Animals interact with humans in multiple ways, including as therapy and service animals, commercially as livestock, as wildlife, and in zoos. But the most common interaction is as companion animals in our homes, with an estimated 180 million cats and dogs living in US households. While pet ownership has been reported to have many health benefits, the findings are inconsistent. Cardiovascular risk factors such as lipids, glucose, obesity, and heart rate variability have improved, worsened, or remained the same in the limited number of studies considering companion animals...
February 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502802/welcoming-max-increasing-pediatric-provider-knowledge-of-service-dogs
#10
REVIEW
Laura Britton Stace
Service dogs have been used in the adult population for decades. Recently, there has been a diversification in types of service dogs, specifically for the pediatric population. Although guide dogs and mobility dogs are accepted in society, autism assistance dogs, seizure alert and response dogs and diabetic alert dogs are relatively new. As pediatric service dogs attract more attention, pediatric providers need to be prepared to answer parental inquires regarding service dog use. The pediatric provider is well equipped to identify children who could benefit from a service dog intervention and should be able to make a referral to a reputable service dog provider...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478618/a-genetic-assessment-of-the-english-bulldog
#11
Niels C Pedersen, Ashley S Pooch, Hongwei Liu
BACKGROUND: This study examines genetic diversity among 102 registered English Bulldogs used for breeding based on maternal and paternal haplotypes, allele frequencies in 33 highly polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) loci on 25 chromosomes, STR-linked dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) class I and II haplotypes, and the number and size of genome-wide runs of homozygosity (ROH) determined from high density SNP arrays. The objective was to assess whether the breed retains enough genetic diversity to correct the genotypic and phenotypic abnormalities associated with poor health, to allow for the elimination of deleterious recessive mutations, or to make further phenotypic changes in body structure or coat...
2016: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379594/detection-of-heart-rate-and-rhythm-with-a-smartphone-based-electrocardiograph-versus-a-reference-standard-electrocardiograph-in-dogs-and-cats
#12
Marc S Kraus, Anna R Gelzer, Mark Rishniw
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic utility of ECGs acquired with a smartphone-based device, compared with reference 6-lead ECGs, for identification of heart rate and rhythm in dogs and cats. DESIGN Prospective study. ANIMALS 51 client-owned dogs and 27 client-owned cats. PROCEDURES Patients examined by a small animal referral cardiology service between April 2012 and January 2013 were enrolled consecutively. In each patient, a 30-second ECG was simultaneously acquired with a smartphone-based device (a bipolar, single-lead recorder coupled to a smartphone with an ECG application) and a standard 6-lead ECG machine...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379593/the-association-of-shelter-veterinarians-2016-veterinary-medical-care-guidelines-for-spay-neuter-programs
#13
Brenda Griffin, Philip A Bushby, Emily McCobb, Sara C White, Y Karla Rigdon-Brestle, Leslie D Appel, Kathleen V Makolinski, Christine L Wilford, Mark W Bohling, Susan M Eddlestone, Kelly A Farrell, Nancy Ferguson, Kelly Harrison, Lisa M Howe, Natalie M Isaza, Julie K Levy, Andrea Looney, Michael R Moyer, Sheilah Ann Robertson, Kathy Tyson
As community efforts to reduce the overpopulation and euthanasia of unwanted and unowned cats and dogs have increased, many veterinarians have increasingly focused their clinical efforts on the provision of spay-neuter services. Because of the wide range of geographic and demographic needs, a wide variety of spay-neuter programs have been developed to increase delivery of services to targeted populations of animals, including stationary and mobile clinics, MASH-style operations, shelter services, community cat programs, and services provided through private practitioners...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357412/owners-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-nutrition-of-dogs-diagnosed-with-cancer-presenting-at-a-referral-oncology-service-in-ontario-canada
#14
S Rajagopaul, J M Parr, J P Woods, D L Pearl, J B Coe, A Verbrugghe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate owner attitudes and dietary practices following cancer diagnosis in a dog. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional survey of 75 dog owners presenting with their dogs to a tertiary referral oncology service through a demographic questionnaire and in-person or telephone interviews regarding the dog's nutrition. RESULTS: Conventional diets (71%) were most commonly fed as a single diet to canine cancer patients followed by homemade cooked (7%) and homemade raw (4%)...
September 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289210/does-the-sound-of-a-barking-dog-activate-its-corresponding-visual-form-an-fmri-investigation-of-modality-specific-semantic-access
#15
Jamie Reilly, Amanda Garcia, Richard J Binney
Much remains to be learned about the neural architecture underlying word meaning. Fully distributed models of semantic memory predict that the sound of a barking dog will conjointly engage a network of distributed sensorimotor spokes. An alternative framework holds that modality-specific features additionally converge within transmodal hubs. Participants underwent functional MRI while covertly naming familiar objects versus newly learned novel objects from only one of their constituent semantic features (visual form, characteristic sound, or point-light motion representation)...
August 2016: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283084/infective-endocarditis-in-13-cats
#16
Jean-Sébastien Palerme, Ashley E Jones, Jessica L Ward, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Keith E Linder, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Bruce W Keene
INTRODUCTION: To describe the clinical presentation, clinicopathological abnormalities and outcomes of a series of cats diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) at two tertiary care referral institutions. ANIMALS: Thirteen client-owned cats presenting to the cardiology or emergency services of tertiary referral institutions with a diagnosis of endocarditis based on the modified Duke criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267534/chronic-polyarthritis-as-isolated-manifestation-of-toxocariasis
#17
Gabriela R Viola, Maria Fernanda A Giacomin, Camila M P França, Adriana M E Sallum, Cristina M A Jacob, Clovis A Silva
Human toxocariasis is a parasitic zoonosis mainly caused by Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati and is acquired by ingestion of the parasite's embryonated eggs. Arthralgia and/or arthritis were reported in up to 17% of the cases, generally with acute duration (less than 6 weeks). However, to our knowledge, chronic polyarthritis, as the isolated presentation of Toxocara infection, was not reported. One of the 5809 patients that was followed up at our service (0.017%) had chronic polyarthritis as the single manifestation of toxocariasis and was described herein...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249614/application-of-boston-matrix-combined-with-swot-analysis-on-operational-development-and-evaluations-of-hospital-development
#18
Z-Q Tao, A-M Shi
The aim of this study is to explore the application of Boston matrix combined with SWOT analysis on operational development and evaluations of hospital departments. We selected 73 clinical and medical technology departments of our hospital from 2011 to 2013, and evaluated our hospital by Boston matrix combined with SWOT analysis according to the volume of services, medical quality, work efficiency, patients' evaluations, development capacity, operational capability, economic benefits, comprehensive evaluation of hospital achievement, innovation ability of hospital, influence of hospital, human resources of hospital, health insurance costs, etc...
May 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245808/revealing-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-rabies-spread-among-various-categories-of-animals-in-the-republic-of-kazakhstan-2010-2013
#19
Sarsenbay K Abdrakhmanov, Kanatzhan K Beisembayev, Fedor I Кorennoy, Gulzhan N Yessembekova, Dosym B Кushubaev, Ablaikhan S Кadyrov
This study estimated the basic reproductive ratio of rabies at the population level in wild animals (foxes), farm animals (cattle, camels, horses, sheep) and what we classified as domestic animals (cats, dogs) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). It also aimed at forecasting the possible number of new outbreaks in case of emergence of the disease in new territories. We considered cases of rabies in animals in RK from 2010 to 2013, recorded by regional veterinary services. Statistically significant space-time clusters of outbreaks in three subpopulations were detected by means of Kulldorff Scan statistics...
2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227418/sodium-in-store-and-restaurant-food-environments-guam-2015
#20
Sandra L Jackson, Brenna K VanFrank, Elizabeth Lundeen, Alyssa Uncangco, Lawrence Alam, Sallyann M Coleman King, Mary E Cogswell
Compared with the United States overall, Guam has higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and stroke (1). Excess sodium intake can increase blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease (2,3). To determine the availability and promotion of lower-sodium options in the nutrition environment, the Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) conducted an assessment in September 2015 using previously validated tools adapted to include sodium measures. Stores (N = 114) and restaurants (N = 63) were randomly sampled by region (north, central, and south)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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