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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100718/-programs-to-combat-loneliness-in-the-institutionalised-elderly-a-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#1
Ana Isabel Bermeja, Berta Ausín
Loneliness is a problem that affects a very high percentage of older people, and can lead to physical and/or mental illness. This article aims to present a systematic review of programs to combat loneliness directed towards the institutionalised elderly. Experimental and quasi-experimental articles published between 2000 and 2016 were included in the review. An analysis was carried out on the quality of the methodological evidence of each of the articles. The programs analysed included animal-assisted, contacts with families through videoconferencing, gardening and/or horticulture workshops, reminiscence therapies, humour therapies, and cognitive interventions...
October 31, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035068/effects-of-animal-assisted-therapy-on-concentration-and-attention-span-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Vanya Gocheva, Margret Hund-Georgiadis, Karin Hediger
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that brain-injured patients frequently suffer from cognitive impairments such as attention and concentration deficits. Numerous rehabilitation clinics offer animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to address these difficulties. The authors' aim was to investigate the immediate effects of AAT on the concentration and attention span of brain-injured patients. METHOD: Nineteen patients with acquired brain injury were included in a randomized, controlled, within-subject trial...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023782/perceptions-of-animal-assisted-interventions-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-companion-animals
#3
Molly K Crossman, Alan E Kazdin
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether people are prone toward positive perceptions of Animal-Assisted Interventions (AAIs). We additionally evaluated whether this effect is stronger for people who have positive attitudes toward companion animals. METHOD: We presented 210 participants with fictitious news reports, each describing a study of an AAI or a control intervention. Participants rated the news reports on their credibility, acceptability, and general appeal and completed a measure of attitudes toward companion animals...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992823/impact-of-music-therapy-on-dementia-behaviors-a-literature-review
#4
Nora Fakhoury, Nathaniel Wilhelm, Kristen F Sobota, Kelly R Kroustos
Worldwide, dementia is the most important contributor to disability in elderly patients. Treating patients with dementia can be challenging for clinicians because of the numerous behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The Dementia Action Alliance and American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria promote nonpharmacological and behavioral treatments as first-line therapy to manage BPSD to avoid adverse events associated with antipsychotic medications. Some of the nonpharmacologic therapies proposed for BPSD include: music therapy (MT), light therapy, acupressure, aromatherapy, massage, and animal-assisted therapy...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969619/animal-assisted-therapy-at-a-university-centre-for-palliative-medicine-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-patient-records
#5
Andrea Schmitz, Melanie Beermann, Colin R MacKenzie, Katharina Fetz, Christian Schulz-Quach
BACKGROUND: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a therapeutic concept, which has only recently been explored in more detail within the palliative care setting. A programme of AAT was begun in June 2014 at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Palliative Medicine of the University Hospital Dusseldorf, Germany. The AAT sessions were performed by two trained and certified dog assistant therapy teams (DATT). To date only very limited scientific data are available with regard to feasibility, therapeutic indications and efficacy of AAT in palliative care...
October 2, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888516/effects-of-animal-assisted-activities-on-biobehavioral-stress-responses-in-hospitalized-children-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Sandra M Branson, Lisa Boss, Nikhil S Padhye, Thea Trötscher, Alexandra Ward
PURPOSE: This study assessed the effectiveness of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on biobehavioral stress responses (anxiety, positive and negative affect, and salivary cortisol and C-reactive protein [CRP] levels) in hospitalized children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled study. METHOD: Forty-eight participants were randomly assigned to receive a 10-minute AAA (n=24) or a control condition (n=24). Anxiety, positive and negative affect, and levels of salivary biomarkers were assessed before and after the intervention...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878713/human-animal-interaction-and-older-adults-an-overview
#7
REVIEW
Nancy R Gee, Megan K Mueller, Angela L Curl
Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human-animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is the role of HAI in healthy aging, given the potential for HAI as an important feature of health and well-being in older adults. The purpose of this review is to summarize and evaluate existing research in this innovative area of scholarship, identifying the potential benefits and risks of both pet ownership and animals in therapeutic settings for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878477/near-infrared-spectroscopy-can-reveal-increases-in-brain-activity-related-to-animal-assisted-therapy
#8
Yuka Morita, Fumio Ebara, Yoshimitsu Morita, Etsuo Horikawa
[Purpose] Previous studies have indicated that animal-assisted therapy can promote recovery of psychological, social, and physiological function in mental disorders. This study was designed as a pilot evaluation of the use of near-infrared spectroscopy to objectively identify changes in brain activity that could mediate the effect of animal-assisted therapy. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were 20 healthy students (10 males and 10 females; age 19-21 years) of the Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857956/effect-of-canine-play-interventions-as-a-stress-reduction-strategy-in-college-students
#9
Cheryl Delgado, Margaret Toukonen, Corinne Wheeler
Forty-eight students engaged with a therapy dog for 15 minutes during finals week to evaluate the effect on stress. Psychological (Perceived Stress Scale, visual analog scales) and physiologic stress (vital signs, salivary cortisol) measures were collected before and after the intervention. Paired t tests showed significant reductions in all psychological and physiologic measures except diastolic blood pressure. This supports animal-assisted therapy as an effective stress management strategy for nursing and other college students...
August 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855550/social-rivalry-triggers-visual-attention-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger
Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention, where the behaviour of ASD children was compared between an experimental (attention shift of the animal trainer from the dog-child to the dog only) and a control (attention maintained on the dyad) groups (study 1). The results show that ASD children are sensitive to the direction of (visual) social attention and may act, physically and visually, in order to regain it...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835259/the-therapeutic-use-of-the-dog-in-spain-a-review-from-a-historical-and-cross-cultural-perspective-of-a-change-in-the-human-dog-relationship
#11
REVIEW
José Ramón Vallejo, Dídac Santos-Fita, José Antonio González
In Spain, studies about traditional knowledge related to biodiversity have focused on vascular plants. For this reason, our review concentrates on the identification and inventory of zootherapeutic resources, particularly those involving the dog (Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758) throughout the twentieth century to the present. A qualitative systematic review in the fields of ethnomedicine, ethnozoology and folklore was made. Automated searches in the most important databases and digital libraries were performed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829389/-you-think-you-re-helping-them-but-they-re-helping-you-too-experiences-of-scottish-male-young-offenders-participating-in-a-dog-training-program
#12
Rebecca J Leonardi, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Gill McIvor, Sarah-Jane Vick
Interaction with animals can be beneficial to humans and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are increasingly popular in a range of contexts. Dog training programs (DTPs) are the most popular form of AAI in custodial contexts; prisoners often have multiple needs and DTPs seem to facilitate a diverse range of positive outcomes, including improvements in well-being, behavior, and offending behavior. However, evidence on the efficacy of prison-based DTPs is still limited and these evaluations often lack detail or methodological rigor...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809656/animal-assisted-therapies-and-dementia-a-systematic-mapping-review-using-the-lived-environment-life-quality-lelq-model
#13
REVIEW
Wendy Wood, Beth Fields, Michelle Rose, Merinda McLure
OBJECTIVE: The authors mapped the literature on animal-assisted therapies (AATs) and institutionalized adults with dementia onto the Lived Environment Life Quality (LELQ) Model as a guide for future services and research. METHOD: Refereed literature addressing AATs and institutionalized people with dementia was comprehensively gathered, described, categorized, and synthesized in this systematic mapping review. RESULTS: From 1,342 screened records, the authors included 10 research articles that incorporated dogs in therapy for institutionalized adults with dementia...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800500/sb223412-a-neurokinin-3-receptor-selective-antagonist-suppresses-testosterone-secretion-in-male-guinea-pigs
#14
Sho Nakamura, Yoshiko Ito, Koki Yamamoto, Chudai Takahashi, Mingdao Dai, Miyu Tanahashi, Yoshihisa Uenoyama, Hiroko Tsukamura, Shinya Oishi, Kei-Ichiro Maeda, Fuko Matsuda
Guinea pigs are important zoo animals and have been recommended for animal-assisted activities or therapy, however there are problems concerning testosterone inducing aggressive or sexual behaviors in male guinea pigs. Testicular testosterone secretion is regulated by pulsatile gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) release in mammals. The mechanism generating GnRH/LH pulses is thought to be governed by kisspeptin neurons, which coexpress neurokinin B (NKB) and dynorphin A (Dyn), in the arcuate nucleus (ARC)...
July 31, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#15
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735821/medical-practitioners-attitudes-towards-animal-assisted-interventions-an-italian-survey
#16
Anna Pinto, Marta De Santis, Carlo Moretti, Luca Farina, Licia Ravarotto
OBJECTIVES: The present study had a dual purpose: to obtain a comprehensive picture of the Italian medical practitioners' opinions, professional experiences, training needs and knowledge of Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI); and to provide a detailed description of the medical practitioners who are characterized by a strongly positive attitude towards AAI. METHODS: An online survey addressed to Italian medical practitioners was carried out using a 35-items structured questionnaire...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730756/animal-assisted-psychotherapy-for-young-people-with-behavioural-problems-in-residential-care
#17
Alexander Muela, Nekane Balluerka, Nora Amiano, Miguel Angel Caldentey, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) programme on clinical symptoms, personal adjustment, and adaptive skills in a group of adolescents in residential care who had experienced childhood trauma and who presented mental health problems and difficulties adapting to the care home environment. The 87 participants (Mage  = 15.17, SD = 1.53) were divided into two groups: a treatment group (25 girls and 27 boys; Mage  = 15.00, SD = 1.55) and a control group (9 girls and 26 boys; Mage  = 15...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725111/oxidative-stress-and-food-supplementation-with-antioxidants-in-therapy-dogs
#18
Sara Sechi, Filippo Fiore, Francesca Chiavolelli, Corrado Dimauro, Anna Nudda, Raffaella Cocco
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of a long-term antioxidant-supplemented diet to regulate the oxidative stress and general health status of dogs involved in animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs. Oxidative stress is a consequence of the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Exercise-induced oxidative stress can increase muscle fatigue and fiber damage and eventually leads to impairment of the immune system. A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical evaluation was conducted with 11 healthy therapy dogs: 6 females and 5 males of different breeds and with a mean age of 2...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699394/stepping-out-of-the-shadows-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-phenomenological-hermeneutic-study-of-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-caring-for-a-therapy-dog
#19
Anna Swall, Britt Ebbeskog, Carina Lundh Hagelin, Ingegerd Fagerberg
PURPOSE: Living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) can involve a person being unable to recall and convey information in daily life. There are several ways to provide person-centred care to older people with AD, e.g. by empowering them in a situation. The use of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) with a therapy dog in the care of people with dementia is increasing, with the presence of a therapy dog being described as improving, among other things, the well-being and socialization of the person...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693538/patient-benefit-of-dog-assisted-interventions-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Martina Lundqvist, Per Carlsson, Rune Sjödahl, Elvar Theodorsson, Lars-Åke Levin
BACKGROUND: Dogs are the most common companion animal, and therefore not surprisingly a popular choice for animal-assisted interventions. Dog-assisted interventions are increasingly used in healthcare. The aim of the review was to conduct a systematic literature review of quantitative studies on dog-assisted interventions in healthcare, with the intention of assessing the effects and cost-effectiveness of the interventions for different categories of patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature reporting results of studies in healthcare, nursing home or home care settings, was conducted...
July 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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