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Animal assisted interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938425/linking-stress-and-infertility-a-novel-role-for-ghrelin
#1
Luba Sominsky, Deborah M Hodgson, Eileen A McLaughlin, Roger Smith, Hannah M Wall, Sarah J Spencer
Infertility affects a remarkable one in four couples in developing countries. Psychological stress is a ubiquitous facet of life, and while stress affects us all at some point, prolonged or unmanageable stress may become harmful for some individuals, negatively impacting on their health, including fertility. For instance, women who struggle to conceive are twice as likely to suffer from emotional distress than fertile women. Assisted reproductive technology treatments place an additional physical, emotional and financial burden of stress, particularly on women, who are often exposed to invasive techniques associated with treatment...
July 27, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904061/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-green-tea-extract-supplementation-and-mammographic-density-in-postmenopausal-women-at-increased-risk-of-breast-cancer
#2
Hamed Samavat, Giske Ursin, Tim H Emory, Eunjung Lee, Renwei Wang, Carolyn J Torkelson, Allison M Dostal, Karen Swenson, Chap T Le, Chung S Yang, Mimi C Yu, Douglas Yee, Anna H Wu, Jian-Min Yuan, Mindy S Kurzer
Epidemiological and animal studies suggest a protective role of green tea against breast cancer. However the underlying mechanism is not understood. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial to investigate whether supplementation with green tea extract (GTE) modifies mammographic density (MD), as a potential mechanism, involving 1,075 healthy postmenopausal women. Women assigned to the treatment arm consumed daily 4 decaffeinated GTE capsules containing 1315 mg total catechins including 843 mg epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) for 12 months...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888516/effects-of-animal-assisted-activities-on-biobehavioral-stress-responses-in-hospitalized-children-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Sandra M Branson, Lisa Boss, Nikhil S Padhye, Thea Trötscher, Alexandra Ward
PURPOSE: This study assessed the effectiveness of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on biobehavioral stress responses (anxiety, positive and negative affect, and salivary cortisol and C-reactive protein [CRP] levels) in hospitalized children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled study. METHOD: Forty-eight participants were randomly assigned to receive a 10-minute AAA (n=24) or a control condition (n=24). Anxiety, positive and negative affect, and levels of salivary biomarkers were assessed before and after the intervention...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857956/effect-of-canine-play-interventions-as-a-stress-reduction-strategy-in-college-students
#4
Cheryl Delgado, Margaret Toukonen, Corinne Wheeler
Forty-eight students engaged with a therapy dog for 15 minutes during finals week to evaluate the effect on stress. Psychological (Perceived Stress Scale, visual analog scales) and physiologic stress (vital signs, salivary cortisol) measures were collected before and after the intervention. Paired t tests showed significant reductions in all psychological and physiologic measures except diastolic blood pressure. This supports animal-assisted therapy as an effective stress management strategy for nursing and other college students...
August 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855550/social-rivalry-triggers-visual-attention-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger
Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention, where the behaviour of ASD children was compared between an experimental (attention shift of the animal trainer from the dog-child to the dog only) and a control (attention maintained on the dyad) groups (study 1). The results show that ASD children are sensitive to the direction of (visual) social attention and may act, physically and visually, in order to regain it...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854715/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-impact-of-preconception-lifestyle-interventions-on-fertility-obstetric-fetal-anthropometric-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-men-and-women
#6
L Lan, C L Harrison, M Misso, B Hill, H J Teede, B W Mol, L J Moran
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of preconception lifestyle interventions on live birth, birth weight and pregnancy rate? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lifestyle interventions showed benefits for weight loss and increased natural pregnancy rate, but not for live birth or birth weight. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Evidence on the practice and content of preconception counseling and interventions is variable and limited. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Systematic review and meta-analysis (MA)...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846654/can-magnesium-enhance-exercise-performance
#7
REVIEW
Yijia Zhang, Pengcheng Xun, Ru Wang, Lijuan Mao, Ka He
Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral that plays a critical role in the human body. It takes part in the process of energy metabolism and assists the maintenance of normal muscle function. A number of studies evaluated the association between Mg status/supplementation and exercise performance and found that the need for Mg increased as individuals' physical activity level went up. Animal studies indicated that Mg might improve exercise performance via enhancing glucose availability in the brain, muscle and blood; and reducing/delaying lactate accumulation in the muscle...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831326/dynamic-changes-in-the-nigrostriatal-pathway-in-the-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Dongping Huang, Jing Xu, Jinghui Wang, Jiabin Tong, Xiaochen Bai, Heng Li, Zishan Wang, Yulu Huang, Yufei Wu, Mei Yu, Fang Huang
The characteristic brain pathology and motor and nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) are well established. However, the details regarding the causes of the disease and its course are much less clear. Animal models have significantly enriched our current understanding of the progression of this disease. Among various neurotoxin-based models of PD, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model is the most commonly studied model. Here, we provide an overview of the dynamic changes in the nigrostriatal pathway in the MPTP mouse model of PD...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829389/-you-think-you-re-helping-them-but-they-re-helping-you-too-experiences-of-scottish-male-young-offenders-participating-in-a-dog-training-program
#9
Rebecca J Leonardi, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Gill McIvor, Sarah-Jane Vick
Interaction with animals can be beneficial to humans and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are increasingly popular in a range of contexts. Dog training programs (DTPs) are the most popular form of AAI in custodial contexts; prisoners often have multiple needs and DTPs seem to facilitate a diverse range of positive outcomes, including improvements in well-being, behavior, and offending behavior. However, evidence on the efficacy of prison-based DTPs is still limited and these evaluations often lack detail or methodological rigor...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820145/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastroenterostomy-are-we-ready-for-prime-time
#10
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbas, Alberto Larghi, Guido Costamagna
Interventional endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is currently becoming the less invasive therapeutic approach for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections, of acute cholecystitis in patients unfit for surgery and for biliary drainage after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) has recently emerged as a feasible procedure to treat patients with gastric outlet obstruction, as an alternative to surgery or to standard endoscopy when endoscopic stent placement is not possible...
July 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#11
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735821/medical-practitioners-attitudes-towards-animal-assisted-interventions-an-italian-survey
#12
Anna Pinto, Marta De Santis, Carlo Moretti, Luca Farina, Licia Ravarotto
OBJECTIVES: The present study had a dual purpose: to obtain a comprehensive picture of the Italian medical practitioners' opinions, professional experiences, training needs and knowledge of Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI); and to provide a detailed description of the medical practitioners who are characterized by a strongly positive attitude towards AAI. METHODS: An online survey addressed to Italian medical practitioners was carried out using a 35-items structured questionnaire...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725111/oxidative-stress-and-food-supplementation-with-antioxidants-in-therapy-dogs
#13
Sara Sechi, Filippo Fiore, Francesca Chiavolelli, Corrado Dimauro, Anna Nudda, Raffaella Cocco
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of a long-term antioxidant-supplemented diet to regulate the oxidative stress and general health status of dogs involved in animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs. Oxidative stress is a consequence of the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Exercise-induced oxidative stress can increase muscle fatigue and fiber damage and eventually leads to impairment of the immune system. A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical evaluation was conducted with 11 healthy therapy dogs: 6 females and 5 males of different breeds and with a mean age of 2...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712062/genome-editing-and-genetic-engineering-in-livestock-for-advancing-agricultural-and-biomedical-applications
#14
Bhanu P Telugu, Ki-Eun Park, Chi-Hun Park
Genetic modification of livestock has a longstanding and successful history, starting with domestication several thousand years ago. Modern animal breeding strategies predominantly based on marker-assisted and genomic selection, artificial insemination, and embryo transfer have led to significant improvement in the performance of domestic animals, and are the basis for regular supply of high quality animal derived food. However, the current strategy of breeding animals over multiple generations to introduce novel traits is not realistic in responding to the unprecedented challenges such as changing climate, pandemic diseases, and feeding an anticipated 3 billion increase in global population in the next three decades...
July 15, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693538/patient-benefit-of-dog-assisted-interventions-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Martina Lundqvist, Per Carlsson, Rune Sjödahl, Elvar Theodorsson, Lars-Åke Levin
BACKGROUND: Dogs are the most common companion animal, and therefore not surprisingly a popular choice for animal-assisted interventions. Dog-assisted interventions are increasingly used in healthcare. The aim of the review was to conduct a systematic literature review of quantitative studies on dog-assisted interventions in healthcare, with the intention of assessing the effects and cost-effectiveness of the interventions for different categories of patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature reporting results of studies in healthcare, nursing home or home care settings, was conducted...
July 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688170/influence-of-orthopedic-reinforced-gloves-versus-double-standard-gloves-on-contamination-events-during-small-animal-orthopedic-surgery
#16
Galina Hayes, Ameet Singh, Tom Gibson, Noel Moens, Michelle Oblak, Adam Ogilvie, Debbie Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of orthopedic reinforced gloves on contamination events during small animal orthopedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and thirty-seven pairs of orthopedic gloves (474 gloves) and 203 pairs of double standard gloves (812 gloves) worn during 193 orthopedic procedures. METHODS: Primary and assistant surgeons were randomized to wear either orthopedic reinforced gloves or double gloves...
July 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673680/animal-assisted-interventions-a-national-survey-of-health-and-safety-policies-in-hospitals-eldercare-facilities-and-therapy-animal-organizations
#17
Deborah E Linder, Hannah C Siebens, Megan K Mueller, Debra M Gibbs, Lisa M Freeman
BACKGROUND: Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs are increasing in popularity, but it is unknown to what extent therapy animal organizations that provide AAI and the hospitals and eldercare facilities they work with implement effective animal health and safety policies to ensure safety of both animals and humans. Our study objective was to survey hospitals, eldercare facilities, and therapy animal organizations on their AAI policies and procedures. METHODS: A survey of United States hospitals, eldercare facilities, and therapy animal organizations was administered to assess existing health and safety policies related to AAI programs...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#18
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640200/animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-classroom-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Victoria L Brelsford, Kerstin Meints, Nancy R Gee, Karen Pfeffer
The inclusion of animals in educational practice is becoming increasingly popular, but it is unclear how solid the evidence for this type of intervention is. The aim of this systematic review is to scrutinise the empirical research literature relating to animal-assisted interventions conducted in educational settings. The review included 25 papers; 21 from peer-reviewed journals and 4 obtained using grey literature databases. Most studies reported significant benefits of animal-assisted interventions in the school setting...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614971/pilot-study-of-therapy-dog-visits-for-inpatient-youth-with-cancer
#20
Jessica Chubak, Rene Hawkes, Christi Dudzik, Jessica M Foose-Foster, Lauren Eaton, Rebecca H Johnson, Catherine Fiona Macpherson
This study assessed the feasibility of studying animal-assisted activities (AAA) in inpatient pediatric oncology and collected preliminary data on potential benefits of AAA for this population. Patients at a large pediatric hospital were identified using electronic medical records and approached with physician approval. Patients completed surveys before and after a therapy dog visit in their private hospital room. Data on infections were ascertained by electronic medical record review. Provider surveys were placed in provider common areas and distributed through a link in an e-mail...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
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