Read by QxMD icon Read

Weight regain after bariatric surgery

Reena Sudan, Ranjan Sudan, Elizabeth Lyden, Jon S Thompson
BACKGROUND: Food cravings and consumption of craved foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are poorly understood. Food cravings after bariatric surgery may explain why some patients fail to change eating behaviors after RYGB, and understanding these cravings may provide better information for nutritional counseling to either enhance weight loss or prevent weight regain. OBJECTIVES: To study cravings in RYGB patients and compare them with cholecystectomy (CC) control patients...
September 9, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Andreas Rohner, Jeannette D Widmer, Jennifer Klasen, Anita Scheiwiller, Dominik Muller, Markus K Muller
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of patients undergoing band removal alone without an additional bariatric procedure after laparoscopic gastric banding are not well reported. We seek to close this gap in the literature. SETTING: Cantonal Hospital & University Teaching Hospital, Switzerland METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated 21 patients who underwent band removal with a mean follow-up of 63 months. Weight regain, co-morbidities, and quality of life were assessed...
September 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gisele Farias, Rubia D Thieme, Laila M Teixeira, Maria Emilia V D Heyde, Solange C Bettini, Rosana B Radominski
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is one of the main treatments for severity obesity, but weight regain after surgery is an important issue. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical and nutritional profiles of good and poor weight loss responders in the late postoperative period after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a University Hospital. Patients were divided into good weight loss responders (GWLR) and poor weight loss responders (PWLR) defined as ≥ 50% or < 50% excess weight loss (EWL), respectively, at least 2 years post-surgery...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Christopher D Morrison, Zheng Hao, Michael B Mumphrey, R Leigh Townsend, Heike Münzberg, Jianping Ye, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms by which bariatric surgeries so effectively and lastingly reduce body weight and normalize metabolic dysfunction are not well understood. Fibroblast growth fator-21 (FGF21) is a key regulator of metabolism and is currently considered for treatment of obesity. Although elevated by acute food deprivation, it is downregulated after weight loss induced by chronic calorie restriction but not after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to assess the role of FGF21-signaling in the beneficial effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB)...
October 2016: Molecular Metabolism
José Sampaio-Neto, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Luis Sérgio Nassif, André Thá Nassif, Flávia David João De Masi, Graciany Gasperin
Background: The gastric bypass has nutritional and electrolyte disturbances rate of approximately 17%. The most common deficits are protein malnutrition, ferric and zinc, in addition to the vitamin. Although rare, some malnutrition stages reach such severity that ends up being necessary hospitalization and sometimes revisional or reversal surgical procedures. Aim: To present a proposal of surgical revision for treatment of severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Lauren E Bradley, Evan M Forman, Stephanie G Kerrigan, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, J Graham Thomas, James D Herbert, David B Sarwer
BACKGROUND: Weight regain following bariatric surgery is common and potentially compromises the health benefits initially attained after surgery. Poor compliance to dietary and physical activity prescriptions is believed to be largely responsible for weight regain. Patients may benefit from developing specialized psychological skills necessary to engage in positive health behaviors over the long term. Unfortunately, patients often face challenges to physically returning to the bariatric surgery program for support in developing and maintaining these behaviors...
September 1, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Matthew L Maciejewski, David E Arterburn, Lynn Van Scoyoc, Valerie A Smith, William S Yancy, Hollis J Weidenbacher, Edward H Livingston, Maren K Olsen
Importance: Bariatric surgery induces significant weight loss for severely obese patients, but there is limited evidence of the durability of weight loss compared with nonsurgical matches and across bariatric procedures. Objectives: To examine 10-year weight change in a large, multisite, clinical cohort of veterans who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) compared with nonsurgical matches and the 4-year weight change in veterans who underwent RYGB, adjustable gastric banding (AGB), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG)...
August 31, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Nicolás Quezada, Julián Hernández, Gustavo Pérez, Mauricio Gabrielli, Alejandro Raddatz, Fernando Crovari
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is currently one of the most frequently performed bariatric interventions worldwide due to its simplicity and good weight loss results. Nevertheless, SG failure and complications are increasingly being observed as the number of procedures increases. OBJECTIVES: To report our results in converting SG to revisional laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (R-LRYGB). SETTING: University Hospital, Chile. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of our bariatric surgery database...
June 2, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Fabio Garofalo, Ronald Denis, Radu Pescarus, Henri Atlas, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Garneau
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment for obesity with BMI (body mass index) reduction, and resolution or lowering of obesity-related co-morbidities. The relative age limit for bariatric surgery has gradually been increased to 60 years of age and above. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) performed in older patients (≥65 years old). SETTING: University hospital...
May 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Marius Nedelcu, Haris A Khwaja, Tomasz G Rogula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
T Ruiz-Lozano, J Vidal, A de Hollanda, M Canteras, M Garaulet, M Izquierdo-Pulido
BackgroundChronotype has been related to obesity and metabolic disturbances. However, little is known about the relationship between circadian preferences and genetic background in CLOCK genes with obesity and weight loss among severe obese patients after bariatric surgery.ObjectiveThe research goals were (1) to examine whether evening chronotype is related to obesity and weight loss evolution in severe obese followed during six years after bariatric surgery and (2) to examine potential interactions between circadian preferences and CLOCK 3111T/C for obesity in this population...
June 24, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Daniel M Felsenreich, Felix B Langer, Ronald Kefurt, Peter Panhofer, Martin Schermann, Philipp Beckerhinn, Christoph Sperker, Gerhard Prager
BACKGROUND: With promising short-term results, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the second most frequently performed bariatric procedure worldwide. Aside from a growing number of reports covering up to 10 years of follow-up, only limited data have been published so far on long-term results. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present a 10-year follow-up for SG. SETTING: University hospital setting, Austria. METHODS: We present the first complete 10-year follow-up of 53 consecutive patients who underwent SG before 2006...
February 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
L Jones, J Cleator, J Yorke
Bariatric (weight loss) surgery is the gold standard treatment for severe obesity. Concern exists that patients are regaining weight in the longer term. Success and cost-effectiveness of surgery are threatened due to the re-emergence of related conditions such as diabetes. This exploratory qualitative study investigates patients' expectations and experiences of weight regain (WR) 2 years or more after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Ten participants (two men and eight women) who experienced WR were interviewed between 2 and 6 years following surgery...
August 2016: Clinical Obesity
M R van Wezenbeek, T R van Oudheusden, J P J G M de Zoete, J F Smulders, S W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is still considered the gold standard in bariatric surgery. Before, adjustable gastric banding (AGB) was regarded as an alternative; nowadays, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a more favorable alternative. In case of unsatisfactory results, RYGB is often performed as a secondary procedure. Conversion of an AGB is associated with a high risk of complications; the hypothesis was that this would be less after conversion of an SG. METHODS: All patients undergoing conversion to RYGB after AGB or SG between 2005 and 2012 were included for retrospective analysis...
June 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Carolina Llavero
INTRODUCTION: A continuous feeling of hunger is the major cause of dietary treatment failure and the patients abandon the diet. A previous study of our group demonstrated that percutaneous electrical neurostimulation (PENS) of T6 dermatome induces an appetite reduction and significantly greater weight loss compared with only diet as a preoperative measure in morbidly obese patients who are candidates for bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of this therapy...
June 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Zoltan Pataky, Loïc Locatelli, Minoa Jung, Alain Golay
Obesity is a chronic disease with a need for long-term follow-up. Bariatric surgery is very beneficial for patients who are not able to lose weight by lifestyle modifications alone. However, some patients present a weight regain after surgery. Predictive factors for the evolution of weight loss after bariatric surgery are not available today. For that reason, all preventive and therapeutic facilities should be used in order to reduce the risk of relapse after surgery. A recently introduced multidisciplinary therapeutic program for preparation of patients before bariatric surgery could be very valuable for a sustainable change of their lifestyle in order to minimize the risk of weight regain in the years after surgery...
March 23, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Mariane de Almeida Cardeal, Silvia Leite Faria, Orlando Pereira Faria, Marcela Facundes, Marina Kiyomi Ito
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment for obesity. Changes in energy expenditure, especially through diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), have been identified as one of the mechanisms to explain this success. However, not all patients are able to maintain healthy postoperative weight loss. Therefore, a question arises: In the weight regain after bariatric surgery, are these changes in energy metabolism still active? OBJECTIVE: To investigate if weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is associated with a lower diet-induced thermogenesis in the late postoperative period...
June 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
J Schmitz, N Evers, M Awazawa, H T Nicholls, H S Brönneke, A Dietrich, J Mauer, M Blüher, J C Brüning
OBJECTIVE: Obesity represents a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and certain cancer entities. Treatment of obesity is hindered by the long-term maintenance of initially reduced body weight, and it remains unclear whether all pathologies associated with obesity are fully reversible even upon successfully maintained weight loss. METHODS: We compared high fat diet-fed, weight reduced and lean mice in terms of body weight development, adipose tissue and liver insulin sensitivity as well as inflammatory gene expression...
May 2016: Molecular Metabolism
Melanie Lauti, Samantha Stevenson, Andrew G Hill, Andrew D MacCormick
BACKGROUND: Weight regain following sleeve gastrectomy is an increasingly recognised and important problem. Similar to other centres, we have noticed an association between the onset of weight regain and discharge from the bariatric service. We aimed to elucidate this further from the patient perspective. METHODS: Patients at least 2 years from sleeve gastrectomy, who had experienced weight regain, were invited to participate in a focus group discussion. Participants were asked to complete a demographic survey and discussions were audio-recorded...
April 19, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Luca Montesi, Marwan El Ghoch, Lucia Brodosi, Simona Calugi, Giulio Marchesini, Riccardo Dalle Grave
The long-term weight management of obesity remains a very difficult task, associated with a high risk of failure and weight regain. However, many people report that they have successfully managed weight loss maintenance in the long term. Several factors have been associated with better weight loss maintenance in long-term observational and randomized studies. A few pertain to the behavioral area (eg, high levels of physical activity, eating a low-calorie, low-fat diet; frequent self-monitoring of weight), a few to the cognitive component (eg, reduced disinhibition, satisfaction with results achieved, confidence in being able to lose weight without professional help), and a few to personality traits (eg, low novelty seeking) and patient-therapist interaction...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"