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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043688/-correlation-between-prenatal-ultrasound-and-postnatal-diagnosis-of-birth-defects
#1
F J Murcia Pascual, L Delgado Cotán, V Jiménez Crespo, F Vázquez Rueda, E Rodríguez Cano, M Miño Mora, R M Paredes Esteban
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis and to analyze the protocol applied for congenital defects (CD) in our environment. METHODS: Descriptive study of prenatally diagnosed CD in our area between 2004-2013. Includes: total births, fetal medicine referrals (number of consultations, ultrasound, invasive techniques) anatomical and chromosomal abnormalities, confirmed diagnoses, necropsies performed, false diagnoses, absence of prenatal diagnoses, and number and reasons for abortions (VIEs)...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043532/changes-observed-in-urine-microbiology-following-replacement-of-long-term-urinary-catheters-need-to-modify-uti-guidelines-in-the-uk
#2
Deepak Batura, G Gopal Rao, Marion Foran, Fatmata Brempong
AIMS: Bacteria adherent to long-term urinary catheters (LTUC) may give misleading urine culture results. Guidelines in the USA recommend changing LTUC before urine collection to diagnose UTI and before commencing appropriate antimicrobial treatment. However, in the UK there is no such guidance. In this study, we evaluated differences in urine cultures before and after changing LTUC. METHODS: In a prospective study in a UK urology department, we made a quantitative and qualitative comparison between paired urines collected before and after catheter change in patients with LTUC...
October 17, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043421/the-duplicated-collecting-system-of-the-urinary-tract-embryology-imaging-appearances-and-clinical-considerations
#3
REVIEW
Ryne A Didier, Jeanne S Chow, Neha S Kwatra, Alan B Retik, Robert L Lebowitz
Duplication anomalies of the urinary collecting system are common and can be discovered and characterized with multiple imaging modalities. The embryology, imaging manifestations and clinical ramifications of duplicated ureters and renal collecting systems vary from a normal anatomical variant to urological pathology and are discussed and illustrated in this review.
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040184/proceedings-from-the-1st-international-conference-current-concepts-and-controversies-in-gynecologic-and-urologic-oncology
#4
Olga Matylevich, Sergey Mavrichev, Andrei Pletnev, Alesya Evmenenko, Aleksey Shevchuk, Valentina Suslova, Sergey Taranenko, Elena Dolomanova, Dmitry Rovsky, Anna Portyanko, Jubilee Brown, Robert Wendel Naumann, Kathleen Schmeler, Anna Plotkin, Sophia Michaelson, Mary Eiken, Edward Trimble, Thomas Randall
The N.N. Alexandrov National Cancer Center of Belarus organized a collaborative international conference entitled 'Current Concepts and Controversies in Gynecologic and Urologic Oncology' with the International Gynecologic Cancer Society and the United States National Cancer Institute. International, regional, and national experts presented recent developments and local conditions in the treatment of gynecologic cancers. Findings were reviewed with the intent of optimizing the management of women with gynecologic cancers across the Commonwealth of Independent States region...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039895/effects-of-copaiba-oil-in-the-healing-process-of-urinary-bladder-in-rats
#5
Denilson José Silva Feitosa, Luan Teles Ferreira de Carvalho, Ingrid Rodrigues de Oliveira Rocha, Camila Noura de Brito, Rodrigo Alencar Moreira, Charles Alberto Villacorta de Barros
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate closure of the urinary bladder is important to many urologic procedures to avoid the formation of fistulas and strictures by excessive fibrosis. This paper presents the alterations in the bladder healing process of rats after the topical use of Copaiba oil (Copaifera reticulata). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten male Wistar rats were used and randomly divided into two groups: Control group (CG): injected 1ml/kg of saline solution on the suture line; and Copaiba group (CpG): 0...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039893/open-radical-prostatectomy-reproducing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-involving-antegrade-nerve-sparing-and-continuous-anastomosis
#6
Se Yun Kwon, Jun Nyung Lee, Yun-Sok Ha, Seock Hwan Choi, Tae-Hwan Kim, Tae Gyun Kwon
PURPOSE: To present modified RRP using the same method as RALP and compare its surgical outcomes with RALP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographics, perioperative and functional outcomes of the 322 patients that underwent RRP (N=99) or RALP (N=223) at our institution from January 2011 through June 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. Postoperative incontinence and erectile dysfunction are involved functional outcomes. During the modified procedure, the bladder neck was dissected first as for RALP...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039889/robot-assisted-single-port-radical-nephrectomy-and-cholecystectomy-description-and-technical-aspects
#7
Francisco Hidelbrando Alves Mota Filho, Luis Felipe Sávio, Rafael Eiji Sakata, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Marco Antonio Nunes da Silva, Ronaldo Maia, Carlo Passerotti
INTRODUCTION: Robot-Assisted Single Site Radical Nephrectomy (RASS-RN) has been reported by surgeons in Europe and United States (1-3). To our best knowledge this video presents the first RASS-RN with concomitant cholecystectomy performed in Latin America. CASE: A 66 year-old renal transplant male due to chronic renal failure presented with an incidental 1.3cm nodule in the upper pole of the right kidney. In addition, symptomatic gallbladder stones were detected...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039528/lncrna-ror-promotes-the-proliferation-of-renal-cancer-and-is-negatively-associated-with-favorable-prognosis
#8
Jianguo Shi, Wen Zhang, Hongyang Tian, Qiang Zhang, Tongyi Men
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the third most common types of urological cancer worldwide. Long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) ROR has been reported to be important in regulating the malignant activities of different types of cancer, however, the function of lncRNA ROR in RCC remains to be fully elucidated. In order to investigate the function of lncRNA ROR in RCC, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) analysis was used to detect the expression of lncRNA ROR in renal cancer tissues and adjacent tissues...
October 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038902/-urinary-tract-infections-what-has-been-confirmed-in-therapy
#9
REVIEW
J Marcon, C G Stief, G Magistro
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect approximately 150 million people worldwide per year, causing annual health costs of over three billion dollars just in the USA. Every second woman experiences at least one UTI in her lifetime, with every one in four experiencing recurrence. Uncomplicated infections like single or recurrent cystitis and pyelonephritis can be distinguished from complicated disease. UTIs in men can spread to the male glands, causing prostatitis and epididymitis. Antibiotic therapy is the standard procedure for UTIs...
October 16, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038720/epidemiology-of-senile-prostatic-enlargement-among-elderly-men-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdullah Barghash Alanazi, Anfal Muaddi Alshalan, Omar Ayed Alanazi, Munif Salah Alanazi, Abdulaziz Inad Alanazi, Abdullah Hussain Alanazi, Anwar Mohammed Alhadhari, Ahmed Saad Alanazi, Rahmah Abdulhadi Alanazi, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Hassan Ali Aldehneen, Raed Khalid Alanazi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senile prostatic enlargement due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem among older men, and is responsible for considerable disability. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and determinants of the clinically diagnosed prostatic enlargement among elderly men in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on all consented elderly males attending the outpatient clinic of the urology department of Arar Central Hospital from February 2017 to July 30, 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038701/effect-of-periodic-sildenafil-dosage-on-intraocular-pressure-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#11
Alireza Nazari, Yousof Taghavi Tabrizi, Mohammadreza Mokhtaree
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sildenafil is used to treat erectile dysfunction but it has association with some side effects. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of duration of taking sildenafil on intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with erectile dysfunction. METHODS: The study population of this cross-sectional study were all males with erectile dysfunction referring to the urology clinic affiliated to Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences (Kerman, Iran) over a one-year period (2015-2016) among whom 110 patients were included in the study...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038191/obstructive-uropathy-as-initial-presentation-of-genitourinary-tuberculosis-and-masquerading-as-a-postsurgical-complication
#12
Grace Igiraneza, Theobald Hategekimana, Olivier M Manzi, Onyema Ogbuagu
A 46-year-old woman who had a recent total abdominal hysterectomy presented with a 1 month history of lower abdominal pain, 1 week of nausea and vomiting as well as decreased urinary output preceded by a year of significant unintentional weight loss. On renal imaging, she was found to have bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureters in the setting of bilateral distal ureteric obstruction complicated with acute kidney injury and severe hyperkalaemia requiring haemodialysis. The initial concern was for ureteric injury, a known complication of abdominal hysterectomy procedures, however, a urological intervention, performed 9 months later to relieve the ureteric obstruction, revealed purulent material within the left ureter that was smear positive for acid fast bacilli...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037766/frequency-and-markers-of-precursor-lesions-and-implications-for-the-pathogenesis-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors
#13
Finn Edler von Eyben, Marie Bjødstrup Jensen, Søren Høyer
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization classification of urologic cancer 2016 describes 3 noninvasive precursor lesions for testicular germ cell tumor type II (TGCT) of young adults. Germ cell neoplasia in situ is the initial precursor lesion. Intratubular seminoma (ITSE), and intratubular embryonal carcinoma (ITEC) are 2 intermediate precursor lesions. Microinvasive testicular germ cell tumor (MGCT) is an invasive precursor lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective study of testes obtained using orchiectomy for TGCT and examined precursor lesions...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037757/testing-smart-glasses-in-urology-clinical-and-surgical-potential-applications
#14
E García-Cruz, A Bretonnet, A Alcaraz
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the potential benefits of using smart glasses - wearable computer optical devices with touch-less command features - in the surgery room and in outpatient care settings in urology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April and November 2015, 80 urologists were invited to use Google Glass in their daily surgical and clinical practice, and to share them with other urologists. Participants rated the usefulness of smart glasses on a 10-point scale, and provided insights on their potential benefits in a telephone interview...
October 13, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037164/local-epidemiology-and-resistance-profiles-in-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-auc-in-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-an-urban-urological-ambulatory-setting
#15
Michael Seitz, Christian Stief, Raphaela Waidelich
BACKGROUND: Acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) is a common ailment in the urological setting. Guidelines for urinary tract infections are based on large-scale multi-centre, epidemiological and international studies. The objective of this observational study was to establish whether the results of a multi-centre study on the resistance profile of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in patients with AUC could be directly applied to an urological practice in a major European city or whether there are divergences in the resistance profile...
October 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035495/medical-devices-gastroenterology-urology-devices-classification-of-the-enzyme-packed-cartridge-final-order
#16
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying the enzyme packed cartridge into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the enzyme packed cartridge's classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. We believe this action will also enhance patients' access to beneficial innovative devices, in part by reducing regulatory burdens...
October 16, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035472/the-fate-of-some-urologic-innovations-from-the-last-century
#17
EDITORIAL
Stênio de Cássio Zequi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035286/urocytological-evaluation-of-pemphigus-patients-on-long-term-cyclophosphamide-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sujay Khandpur, Saurabh Singh, Saumyaranjan Mallick, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Venkat Iyer, Amlesh Seth, Mahesh Kumawat
BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide therapy is associated with several urological complications including urinary bladder malignancy. Data on urologic complications of chronic cyclophosphamide therapy for dermatologic conditions is not available. OBJECTIVES: To study the urocytological profile of pemphigus patients on long-term cyclophosphamide therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, consecutive patients who had received cyclophosphamide therapy for pemphigus for more than 12 months were included...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035239/diagnosis-of-trichomoniasis-in-male-patients-on-performing-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction
#19
T Mutlu Yar, Mehmet Karakuş, Seray Töz, Aysun Bay Karabulut, Yusuf Özbel, Metin Atambay
OBJECTIVE: Trichomoniasis is a parasitic infection that occurs with the settlement of Trichomonas vaginalis in female and male urinary and reproductive tracts. This infection is generally asymptomatic in males, and males are thought to be a carrier for the transmission of infection. In this study, our aim was to detect trichomoniasis using nested polymerase chain reaction among males who were referred to a hospital with suspected urinary tract infection. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 138 male patients between 18 and 50 years of age who were referred with suspected urinary system infection to the Urology Outpatient Clinic at Malatya University Medical Center Malatya between December 2013 and May 2014...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#20
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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