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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667065/single-site-laparoscopy-and-robotic-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#1
REVIEW
Diana K Bowen, Jason P Van Batavia, Arun K Srinivasan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize research that has evaluated the role of laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) and robotic surgery in pediatric urology, highlighting new and/or controversial ideas. RECENT FINDINGS: The newest research developments over the last several years are studies that address generalizability of these techniques, ideal patient factors, extrapolation to more complex surgeries, and comparative studies to more traditional techniques to define the associated costs and benefits, as well as patient-centered outcomes...
April 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666837/cancer-telomeres-and-white-crows
#2
REVIEW
Alan K Meeker
This mini-review article discusses past and present prostate-focused research on telomere and telomerase biology conducted at Johns Hopkins, through the eyes of a Donald S Coffey trainee. Included are past discoveries of abnormalities in telomere biology in the context of prostate cancer and its pre-malignant precursor prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN); the finding that telomerase activity is androgen-regulated in the prostate, and the potential role of telomerase in prostate epithelial stem cells. Also reviewed are more recent results showing that in situ telomere length measurements in patient tissue specimens may have utility in risk assessment and as a prognostic biomarker...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666835/aptamers-and-apple-pies-a-mini-review-of-psma-aptamers-and-lessons-from-donald-s-coffey
#3
REVIEW
Shawn E Lupold
This mini-review article is part of a special issue dedicated to Donald S. Coffey, a pioneer translational research scientist, exemplary mentor, and leader in urologic and urologic oncology research. This article first briefly reflects on life and scientific lessons from Don Coffey. It then reviews the development of two prostate cancer targeting RNA aptamers, xPSM-A9 and xPSM-A10, through in vitro selection for aptamers that bind to the extracellular domain of the Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA)...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666826/dr-coffey-s-visionary-contributions-to-urological-research-in-china-and-japan
#4
EDITORIAL
Jun Shimazaki, Leland Wk Chung, Haiyen E Zhau, Tomohiko Ichikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666747/symphysis-pubis-osteomyelitis-an-uncommon-complication-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-case-description-with-literature-review
#5
Jad A Degheili, Mazen M Mansour, Rami W Nasr
Prostate cancer is the most common solid cancer among American men. Although there are various modalities for treatment, including radical prostatectomy among many others, the former is, nevertheless, not without any accompanied complications. Other than the well-known surgical complications such as erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and voiding dysfunction, osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis is not a well-understood complication, with various hypotheses explaining its pathogenesis. Although osteomyelitis of the pubis symphysis has been reported after endoscopic urological procedures such as transurethral resection of the prostate, it has rarely been reported after robotic surgeries...
2018: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664839/a-population-based-assessment-of-urologic-procedures-and-operations-after-surgery-or-pelvic-radiation-for-cervical-cancer
#6
Blayne Welk, Christopher Wallis, David DʼSouza, Jacob McGee, Robert K Nam
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of cervical cancer can result in genitourinary morbidity. We measured selected urologic procedures after the treatment of cervical cancer with either surgery or radiation. METHODS: We used administrative data from the province of Ontario Canada to identify adult women who had nonmetastatic cervical cancer and were treated with surgery or radiation between 1994 and 2014. Study outcomes were surgical or procedure codes representing ureteric repair or fistula repair...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664124/a-comparison-of-the-treatment-recommendations-for-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-the-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-european-association-of-urology-and-international-consultations-on-incontinence-guidelines
#7
Ashley Jaggi, Marcus Drake, Emad Siddiqui, Francis Fatoye
AIMS: Healthcare guidelines are an important vehicle in establishing up-to-date evidence based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice. Due to varying development processes, clinical guidelines created by different institutions can often contain contrasting recommendations. This can have implications for optimal and standardized patient care across management settings. METHODS: The similarities and differences of treatment recommendations made in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), The European Association of Urology (EAU), and the International Consultation on Continence (ICI) guidelines for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) were assessed...
April 17, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663843/persistent-hematospermia-seminal-vesicle-bleed
#8
Yih Chyn Phan, Wasim Mahmalji
A 65-year-old gentleman, with no past medical problems and not on any anticoagulation was seen in the urology clinic with persistent hematospermia for the last few years. A thorough history and examination including a digital examination of the prostate was unremarkable. Bleeding from his female partner was also ruled out. Investigations such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, urine culture, semen culture, and flexible cystoscopy were performed, and these investigations were also within normal limits...
April 17, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662959/quarter-century-management-of-chronic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-solitary-kidney-with-a-ureteral-stent
#9
Garen Abedi, Roshan M Patel, Cyrus Lin, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral stent provides a conduit for urinary drainage from the kidney to the bladder and is integral to contemporary urologic practice. A ureteral stent is often utilized in acute conditions to prevent or overcome obstruction; however, in nonsurgical patients, because of disease or preference, a ureteral stent may be used as a last resort for long-term management of a stricture in lieu of a nephrostomy tube. This case highlights a patient whose chronic ureteral obstruction has been managed with an indwelling ureteral stent for 25 years; remarkably, stent exchanges are currently required only every 2 years...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662543/optical-improvements-in-the-diagnosis-of-bladder-cancer-implications-for-clinical-practice
#10
REVIEW
Tina Schubert, Steffen Rausch, Omar Fahmy, Georgios Gakis, Arnulf Stenzl
Background: For over 100 years white-light cystoscopy has remained the gold-standard technique for the detection of bladder cancer (BCa). Some limitations in the detection of flat lesions (CIS), the differentiation between inflammation and malignancy, the inaccurate determination of the tumor margin status as well as the tumor depth, have led to a variety of technological improvements. The aim of this review is to evaluate the impact of these improvements in the diagnosis of BCa and their effectiveness in clinical practice...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662542/meta-analysis-of-studies-comparing-oncologic-outcomes-of-radical-prostatectomy-and-brachytherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
Gabriele Cozzi, Gennaro Musi, Roberto Bianchi, Danilo Bottero, Antonio Brescia, Antonio Cioffi, Giovanni Cordima, Maurizio Delor, Ettore Di Trapani, Matteo Ferro, Deliu Victor Matei, Andrea Russo, Francesco Alessandro Mistretta, Ottavio De Cobelli
Background: The aim of this study was to compare oncologic outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) with brachytherapy (BT). Methods: A literature review was conducted according to the 'Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses' (PRISMA) statement. We included studies reporting comparative oncologic outcomes of RP versus BT for localized prostate cancer (PCa). From each comparative study, we extracted the study design, the number and features of the included patients, and the oncologic outcomes expressed as all-cause mortality (ACM), PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) or, when the former were unavailable, as biochemical recurrence (BCR)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661724/variation-in-nuclear-size-and-pd-l2-positivity-correlate-with-aggressive-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Mohamed E Mostafa, Amrou Abdelkader, Naoto Kuroda, Delia Pérez-Montiel, Anjishnu Banerjee, Ondrej Hes, Kenneth A Iczkowski
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (CRCC) is not amenable to International Society for Urologic Pathology-endorsed nucleolar grading. Novel grading approaches were proposed, but the rarity of adverse pathology hampers their discriminatory value. We investigate simple linear micrometer measurements and a proposed immunostain in CRCCs. 32 patients' CRCCs were studied: 12 adverse cases (stage pT3, recurrence, or metastasis), 15 controls (stage ≤pT2, no recurrence or metastasis after >3 years), and 8 metastases (3 were paired with primary adverse cases)...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661722/the-knockdown-of-the-mediator-complex-subunit-med30-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-cells
#13
Isabella Syring, Richard Weiten, Tim Müller, Doris Schmidt, Susanne Steiner, Stefan C Müller, Glen Kristiansen, Jörg Ellinger
BACKGROUND: The mediator complex consists of 33 subunits and plays a central role in transcription. Studies have already described the involvement of individual subunits, especially in carcinogenesis. With regard to the subunit MED30, this has, so far, only been confirmed in gastric and breast carcinoma. The role of MED30 in urological tumours is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, a database analysis using cBioPortal was performed for the mRNA expression and survival analysis of MED30 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and papillary RCC (pRCC)...
December 20, 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661588/impact-of-metabolic-diseases-drugs-and-dietary-factors-on-prostate-cancer-risk-recurrence-and-survival-a-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological-urology
#14
REVIEW
Riccardo Campi, Sabine D Brookman-May, Jose Daniel Subiela Henríquez, Bülent Akdoğan, Maurizio Brausi, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Estefania Linares-Espinos, Martin Marszalek, Morgan Roupret, Christian G Stief, Alessandro Volpe, Andrea Minervini, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba
CONTEXT: To date, established risk factors for prostate cancer (PCa) are limited to age, race, family history, and certain genetic polymorphisms. Despite great research efforts, available evidence on potentially modifiable risk factors is conflicting. Moreover, most studies on PCa risk factors did not consider the impact of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing on PCa diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed overview of the latest evidence on the role of metabolic diseases, drugs, and dietary factors for risk of PCa incidence, recurrence, and survival in men exposed to PSA testing...
April 13, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661508/variability-in-the-multicentre-national-registry-in-active-surveillance-a-questionnaire-for-urologists
#15
J Rubio-Briones, A Borque-Fernando, L M Esteban-Escaño, S Martínez-Breijo, R Medina-López, V Hernández
BACKGROUND: Our main objective was to report the current use of active surveillance in Spain and to identify areas for potential improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire generated by the Platform for Multicentre Studies of the Spanish Urology Association (AEU/PIEM/2014/0001, NCT02865330) was sent to all associate researchers from January to March 2016. The questionnaire included 7 domains covering various aspects of active surveillance. RESULTS: Thirty-three of the 41 associate researchers responded to the questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661459/midpole-ureterocalycostomy-for-renal-transplant-salvage-a-pediatric-case-report
#16
P D Imani, J T White, M Michael, K T Puttmann, C A O'Mahony, C J Koh
BACKGROUND: Ureteral obstruction is the most common urological complication of kidney transplantation. Obstruction secondary to ureteral stenosis can be an early or late complication. CASE REPORT: We present a patient in whom ureteral obstruction was initially identified at 2.5 months after transplant for which she underwent a midpole ureterocalycostomy between the midpole calyx of the transplant kidney and the native left ureter.
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660959/application-of-clean-intermittent-catheterization-for-neurogenic-bladder-in-infants-less-than-1-year-old
#17
Yanwei Li, Yibo Wen, Xiangfei He, Yunlong Li, Junwei Wu, Jinjin Feng, Qingwei Wang, Jianguo Wen
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic bladder (NB) is a common pediatric urological disease caused by a variety of neurological pathologies. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been the preferred method to empty bladder. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of CIC on preserving bladder and upper urinary tract function in infants less than 1 year old with NB. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 76 infants with NB. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment initiation: the early CIC group (ECG) (<1 year old) and the late CIC group (LCG) (>3 years old)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660369/evaluation-of-an-epigenetic-assay-for-predicting-repeat-prostate-biopsy-outcome-in-african-american-men
#18
Robert L Waterhouse, Leander Van Neste, Kelvin A Moses, Carlton Barnswell, Jonathan L Silberstein, Mark Jalkut, Ronald Tutrone, James Sylora, Ronald Anglade, Myron Murdock, Zvi Shiffman, Todd Vandenberg, Nikhil Shah, Michael Carter, Manuel Krispin, Jack Groskopf, Wim Van Criekinge
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an epigenetic assay performed on tissue from negative prostate biopsies in a group of African American (AA) men undergoing repeat biopsy, and to compare accuracy for predicting repeat biopsy outcome to prior studies conducted in predominantly Caucasian populations. METHODS: The study population consisted of 211 AA men from seven urology centers across the U.S., all of whom were undergoing 12-core trans-rectal ultrasound guided repeat biopsy within 30 months from a negative index biopsy...
April 13, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658681/laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-in-2018-20-years-of-worldwide-experiences-experimentations-researches-and-refinements
#19
Aldo Brassetti, Renaud Bollens
INTRODUCTION: After the first feasibility report in 1997, a growing interest has risen in the urologic community for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and several authors have contributed to the evolution of the technique. We attempt a review of the available evidences and provide a broad framework of different technical refinements considering their impact on pentafecta. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The PubMed/Medline database was searched. Duplicates and "Expert opinion" papers were removed...
April 13, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658322/clinical-effectiveness-and-versatility-of-a-sealing-hemostatic-patch-hemopatch-in-multiple-surgical-specialties
#20
Kevin M Lewis, Shelly Ikeme, Tolu Olubunmi, Carl Erik Kuntze
Intraoperative surgical sealants and hemostatic agents have been shown to reduce postoperative complications, transfusions and hospital resource utilization. Despite availability of these agents, the incidence and burden of bleeding remains high and surgeons' requirements for hemostatic control continue to evolve. A burgeoning class of hemostatic agents are hemostatic patches, which offer package-to-patient readiness and direct application. In addition, hemostatic patches may provide tissue sealing capabilities...
April 16, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
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