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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471597/-clinical-study-of-2014-isup-new-grade-group-classification-for-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#1
Masahiro Uno, Makoto Kawase, Daiki Kato, Takashi Ishida, Seiichi Kato, Yoshinori Fujimoto
The 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) has proposed a new grade group (GG) classification for Gleason scores (GS). The usefulness of the new GG classification was investigated with 518 prostate cancer patients who underwent androgen deprivation therapy. According to the new GG classification, Stages B‒D and the new GG classification relapse-free rate for each stage were calculated using the Kaplan‒Meier method. The new GG classification revealed a significant difference for the relapse-free rate only between some groups...
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471308/reporting-guidelines-for-oncology-research-helping-to-maximise-the-impact-of-your-research
#2
REVIEW
Angela MacCarthy, Shona Kirtley, Jennifer A de Beyer, Douglas G Altman, Iveta Simera
Many reports of health research omit important information needed to assess their methodological robustness and clinical relevance. Without clear and complete reporting, it is not possible to identify flaws or biases, reproduce successful interventions, or use the findings in systematic reviews or meta-analyses. The EQUATOR Network (http://www.equator-network.org/) promotes responsible reporting and the use of reporting guidelines to improve the accuracy, completeness, and transparency of health research. EQUATOR supports researchers by providing online resources and training...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469641/castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-lessons-learnt-from-a-pilot-study-in-the-palliative-care-research-population
#3
Karyn A Sullivan, Ngaire Kingi, Phillip Good, Petra Vayne-Bossert, Janet R Hardy
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are inherently difficult to recruit to and retain on studies. Even when patients are recruited, it is hard to complete studies with sufficient data. There is a dearth of literature specific to men with castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and the clinical trials coordinator/research nurse's perspective in improving trial outcomes in palliative care. Objectives To describe the lessons learnt (by the nursing research team) from a prospective cohort study of men with CRPC and the practical implications for future research in this area...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469636/total-colpectomy-increases-the-risk-of-postoperative-hydronephrosis-in-vaginal-cancer-patients
#4
Octavian Constantin Neagoe, Mihaela Ionica, Dorin Nicolae Agapie
PURPOSE: Due to the rarity of vaginal cancer, surgical treatment results, and postoperative complications have been poorly described in the literature. The aim of this study was to improve current knowledge about the incidence of hydronephrosis following the surgical treatment of vaginal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 32 patients with vaginal cancer of the middle and upper third were matched with 32 cervical cancer patients (stages I and II) for comparison of long-term urological postoperative complications...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468401/the-role-of-the-genitourinary-microbiome-in-pediatric-urology-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Gerber, Catherine S Forster, Michael Hsieh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we highlight the effects of the microbiome on urologic diseases that affect the pediatric patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Perturbations in the urinary microbiome have been shown to be associated with a number of urologic diseases affecting children, namely urinary tract infection, overactive bladder/urge urinary incontinence, and urolithiasis. Recently, improved cultivation and sequencing technologies have allowed for the discovery of a significant and diverse microbiome in the bladder, previously assumed to be sterile...
February 22, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468281/-current-guideline-oriented-follow-up-of-small-renal-masses-applied-risk-scores-and-future-outlook
#6
REVIEW
V Stühler, S Kruck, T Todenhöfer, A Stenzl, J Bedke
After surgical resection of renal cell carcinoma by laparoscopic or open partial or complete nephrectomy, medical aftercare based on the current guidelines should be provided. This seems desirable, especially because one third of patients after initial curative tumor resection develop recurrence over time. In this article, the current recommendations for follow-up will be systematically presented based on the accepted German S3 guideline and the European Association of Urology (EAU) guideline. Another point of this article will be the presentation of the currently applied risk scores to predict prognosis with a focus on molecular markers...
February 21, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467914/comprehensive-review-and-case-study-on-the-management-of-buried-penis-syndrome-and-related-panniculectomy
#7
Hadley Burns, J Stephen Gunn, Saeed Chowdhry, Thomas Lee, Steven Schulz, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: This paper discusses the various surgical techniques and outcomes associated with management of buried penis syndrome. Methods: Presented is the case of a 49-year-old man with morbid obesity, leading to massive panniculus and buried penis. We review our technique for reconstruction of the buried penis and treatment of the overlying large panniculus. Literature search was conducted to review current techniques in correcting buried penis syndrome. Results: The patient underwent a successful panniculectomy with removal of all excess skin and tissue...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467031/assessment-of-communication-technology-and-post-operative-telephone-surveillance-during-global-urology-mission
#8
David E Rapp, Andrew Colhoun, Jacqueline Morin, Timothy J Bradford
OBJECTIVE: Compliance with post-operative follow-up in the context of international surgical trips is often poor. The etiology of this problem is multifactorial and includes lack of local physician involvement, transportation costs, and work responsibilities. We aimed to better understand availability of communication technologies within Belize and use this information to improve follow-up after visiting surgical trips to a public hospital in Belize City. Accordingly, a 6-item questionnaire assessing access to communication technologies was completed by all patients undergoing evaluation by a visiting surgical team in 2014...
February 21, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467024/male-synthetic-sling-versus-artificial-urinary-sphincter-trial-for-men-with-urodynamic-stress-incontinence-after-prostate-surgery-master-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Lynda Constable, Nikki Cotterill, David Cooper, Cathryn Glazener, Marcus J Drake, Mark Forrest, Chris Harding, Mary Kilonzo, Graeme MacLennan, Kirsty McCormack, Alison McDonald, Anthony Mundy, John Norrie, Robert Pickard, Craig Ramsay, Rebecca Smith, Samantha Wileman, Paul Abrams
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a frequent adverse effect for men undergoing prostate surgery. A large proportion (around 8% after radical prostatectomy and 2% after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP)) are left with severe disabling incontinence which adversely effects their quality of life and many are reliant on containment measures such as pads (27% and 6% respectively). Surgery is currently the only option for active management of the problem. The overwhelming majority of surgeries for persistent bothersome SUI involve artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) insertion...
February 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465838/an-analysis-of-gender-diversity-in-urology-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#10
E M O'Connor, G J Nason, R P Manecksha
Traditionally, surgery and certain surgical sub-specialities in particular have been predominantly male orientated. In recent years, there has been an increased proportion of female medical graduates which will ultimately have an effect on speciality choices. The aim of this study was to assess the gender diversity among urologists in the UK and Ireland. The total number and gender breakdown of consultant urologists and trainees in the UK and Ireland was obtained from the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) and the Irish Society of Urology (ISU) membership offices...
December 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465471/perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-urologic-oncology-procedures-risk-factors-and-prevention
#11
Janet E Baack Kukreja
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication during the perioperative period for major urologic oncology operations. The present review focuses on the risk factors, the mechanisms of hypercoagulability in this patient population, and the timing and prevention of VTE. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the vast majority of patients undergoing major urologic oncology operations do not develop VTEs, when they do develop they can be fatal. The risk factors for VTEs are important to identify in this patient population...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464886/abstracts-of-the-urological-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand-71st-annual-scientific-meeting-melbourne-australia-24-27-february-2018
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464810/prevalence-and-risk-of-sport-types-to-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-sportswomen-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence and risk of developing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in each type of high-intensity sport, and the associated impact on quality of life in sportswomen. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and November 2016. The study included 278 sportswomen. The basic inclusion criteria were being nulliparous and engaging in high-intensity physical activity. The exclusion criteria were childbirth, surgical treatment of gynecological and urological illnesses and urinary tract infection...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464759/urine-waste-product-or-biologically-active-tissue
#14
(no author information available yet)
AIMS: Historically, urine has been viewed primarily as a waste product with little biological role in the overall health of an individual. Increasingly, data suggest that urine plays a role in human health beyond waste excretion. For example, urine might act as an irritant and contribute to symptoms through interaction with-and potential compromise of-the urothelium. METHODS: To explore the concept that urine may be a vehicle for agents with potential or occult bioactivity and to discuss existing evidence and novel research questions that may yield insight into such a role, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease invited experts in the fields of comparative evolutionary physiology, basic science, nephrology, urology, pediatrics, metabolomics, and proteomics (among others) to a Urinology Think Tank meeting on February 9, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464752/voluntary-wheel-running-attenuates-urinary-bladder-hypersensitivity-and-dysfunction-following-neonatal-maternal-separation-in-female-mice
#15
Angela N Pierce, Olivia C Eller-Smith, Julie A Christianson
AIMS: Patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) commonly suffer from widespread pain and mood disorder, which has been attributed to improper functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Voluntary exercise has been shown to improve HPA axis function, therefore we are determining whether voluntary wheel running can attenuate urological pain and dysfunction following neonatal maternal separation (NMS) in female mice. METHODS: Mice underwent NMS for 3 h/day from postnatal Day 1-21, were caged with free access to running wheels at 4 weeks of age, and assessed 4 weeks later for bladder sensitivity, micturition, reward behavior, mast cell degranulation, and HPA axis-related in vitro analysis...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464677/laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-for-management-of-complete-staghorn-stone-of-an-ectopic-pelvic-kidney
#16
Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Sepehr Hamedanchi, Behnam Shakiba, Hassan Hoshyar
A 40-year-old man was referred to our urology clinic due to vague abdominal pain and hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) without contrast material visualized an ectopic kidney in the left iliac fossa with a complete staghorn stone. Under general anesthesia, operation was done in supine position with a gentle lateral elevation on the right side. The surgeon stands on the right side of the patient. First, a 12 mm port was inserted at the umbilicus using the Hasson technique. After creation of pneumoperitoneum, operation was done by three 5 mm trocars were arranges as paraumbilical, the point between umbilicus and inguinal canal at left and right side...
February 18, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463973/urological-management-of-extramural-malignant-ureteric-obstruction-a-survey-of-irish-urologists
#17
Eabhann M O'Connor, Gregory J Nason, Eamon A Kiely
Introduction: The absence of guidelines in the management of extramural malignant ureteric obstruction leads to confusion in decision making and in the interaction between urology and other clinical disciplines. In this study, we surveyed consultant urologists with the goal of achieving a better consensus on optimal management options. Methods: A multiple choice survey was sent via the online survey tool "SurveyMonkey" to all consultant urologists practicing in the Republic of Ireland...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463970/the-effect-of-transdermal-testosterone-administration-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Cem Yucel, Mehmet Zeynel Keskin, Cetin Levent Peskircioglu
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of transdermal testosterone administration on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Materials and Method: Sixty-two male patients with Ageing Male Symptom Questionnaire (AMS-Q) scores over 27 and a total serum testosterone level below 350 ng/dl (12.1 nmol/l) who presented to our urology clinic with complaints of LUTS and ED, were enrolled in this study. Uroflowmetry and the International Prostate Symptom Scale were used to evaluate the severity of LUTS...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460790/protein-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-patients-with-radiation-cystitis-and-outcome-after-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#19
Valérie Platzer, Guillaume Perez, Anne Galinier, Michèle Genestal, Béatrice Riu-Poulenc, Leslie Gonzalez, Eric Huyghe, Sylvie Caspar-Bauguil
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Haemorrhagic radiation cystitis (HRC) is a late complication of pelvic radiotherapy. Severe cases are difficult to treat due to persistent or recurrent bleeding, despite urological and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). However, wound healing requires a good nutritional status. In this respect, we aimed at analysing the nutritional status of patients with HRC prior to the onset of HBOT and at highlighting predictive nutritional factors of outcome. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from a cohort of 179 patients with HRC (between 2011 and 2015)...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460529/systemic-and-topical-photodynamic-therapy-pdt-on-oral-mucosa-lesions-an-overview
#20
D Di Stasio, A Romano, C Gentile, C Maio, A Lucchese, R Serpico, R Paparella, G Minervini, V Candotto, L Laino
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive treatment that has shown promising results in treating preneoplasticlesions. PDT reckons on the administration of a drug (photosensitizer), which can be used in a topical or systemic form. Photodynamic therapy has been successfully used in the management of a variety of pathologies from different anatomical sites, including the head, neck, brain and lungs, hepatobiliary tree and other gastrointestinal and urological pathologies, skin, gynaecological conditions and in vascular anomalies...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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