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Voice stress analysis

Jocelyn Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Caroline Huxley, Katherine Dodd, Frances Griffiths
Background: Routine monitoring by patients and healthcare providers to manage chronic disease is vital, though this can be challenging in low-resourced health systems. Mobile health (mHealth) has been proposed as one way to improve management of chronic diseases. Past mHealth reviews have proposed the need for a greater understanding around how the theoretical constructs in mHealth interventions actually work. In response, we synthesised evidence from primary studies on monitoring of chronic diseases using two-way digital text or voice communication between a patient and health worker...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Oddgeir Synnes, Kirsti Malterud
AIMS: This study aims to explore how minority stress related to sexual orientation is reflected in narratives from lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals in Norway, with an impact for national public health policy. METHODS: Arthur Frank's dialogical narrative analysis was applied to personal stories from 65 persons self-referring to different categories of queer identities, submitted online anonymously to a Norwegian national archive for queer history. A purposive sample of three different stories were selected due to their capacity to illuminate how various aspects of minority stress are narrated in diverse interplays between individual voices and resources, and cultural scripts and societal influences...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Catharina Strid, Claes Andersson, Agneta Öjehagen
OBJECTIVES: Hazardous drinking could negatively affect health and lead to alcohol use disorders, but it is unclear how hazardous drinking affects treatment outcomes of depression and anxiety and stress-related mental health problems. The aim of this study was to examine whether hazardous drinking, measured by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C), influences the outcomes of repeated assessments of psychological functioning (Outcome Questionnaire-45), stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and sleep (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), during and after treatment in patients with mental ill health...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Yeptain Leung, Jennifer Oates, Siew Pang Chan
Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of the aspects of verbal communication contributing to listener perceptions of speaker gender with a view to providing clinicians with guidance for the selection of the training goals when working with transsexual individuals. Method: Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines were adopted in this systematic review. Studies evaluating the contribution of aspects of verbal communication to listener perceptions of speaker gender were rated against a new risk of bias assessment tool...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Elizabeth W Diemer, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Allegra R Gordon, Carly Guss, S Bryn Austin, Sari L Reisner
Purpose: To investigate whether the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) differs across diverse gender identity groups in a transgender sample. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from Project VOICE, a cross-sectional study of stress and health among 452 transgender adults (ages 18-75 years) residing in Massachusetts. Age-adjusted logistic regression models were fit to compare the prevalence of self-reported lifetime EDs in female-to-male (FTM), male-to-female (MTF), and gender-nonconforming participants assigned male at birth (MBGNC) to gender-nonconforming participants assigned female at birth (FBGNC; referent)...
2018: Transgender Health
David A Katerndahl, Sandra K Burge, Robert L Ferrer, Johanna Becho, Robert Wood
Taking action among women in violent relationships appears to involve sudden changes and reversals after periods of building stress, suggesting that decision making is a "catastrophic" phenomenon. This study sought to determine whether readiness-to-change is best modeled as a cusp catastrophic (CCM) phenomenon among women in violent relationships. A total of 143 women who experienced violence in the previous month completed baseline and end-of-study interviews assessing her hope, coping strategies, social network, and readiness-for-action (seeking help, taking legal action, and leaving) concerning the violence...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
D P Perera, Marie Andrades, Val Wass
BACKGROUND: The International Membership Examination (MRCGP[INT]) of the Royal College of General Practitioners UK is a unique collaboration between four South Asian countries with diverse cultures, epidemiology, clinical facilities and resources. In this setting good quality assurance is imperative to achieve acceptable standards of inter rater reliability. This study aims to explore the process of peer feedback for examiner quality assurance with regard to factors affecting the implementation and acceptance of the method...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Michèle Lamont, Bo Yun Park, Elena Ayala-Hurtado
This paper contributes to the study of social change by considering boundary work as a dimension of cultural change. Drawing on the computer-assisted qualitative analysis of 73 formal speeches made by Donald Trump during the 2016 electoral campaign, we argue that his political rhetoric, which led to his presidential victory, addressed the white working class's concern with their declining position in the national pecking order. He addressed this group's concern by raising their moral status, that is, by (1) emphatically describing them as hard-working Americans who are victims of globalization; (2) voicing their concerns about 'people above' (professionals, the rich, and politicians); (3) drawing strong moral boundaries toward undocumented immigrants, refugees, and Muslims; (4) presenting African Americans and (legal) Hispanic Americans as workers who also deserve jobs; (5) stressing the role of working-class men as protectors of women and LGBTQ people...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anna Holm, Olga Nagaeva, Ivan Nagaev, Christos Loizou, Göran Laurell, Lucia Mincheva-Nilsson, Karin Nylander, Katarina Olofsson
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a relatively rare, chronic disease caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) 6 and 11, and characterized by wart-like lesions in the airway affecting voice and respiratory function. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic and resolve spontaneously, however, some individuals are afflicted with persistent HPV infections. Failure to eliminate HPV 6 and 11 due to a defect immune responsiveness to these specific genotypes is proposed to play a major role in the development of RRP...
December 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Deborah Wearne, Guy J Curtis, Amanda Genetti, Mathew Samuel, Justin Sebastian
OBJECTIVES: The possible link between cognitive areas of perception and integration of consciousness was examined using assessments of hallucinations and derealisation/depersonalization. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects in three main diagnostic groups - posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia - identified by their treating psychiatrist as hearing voices were surveyed regarding characteristics of hallucinations, derealisation/depersonalization, delusions and childhood/adult trauma...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Siena C Ramsay, Jed Montayre, Victoria Egli, Eleanor Holroyd
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
July 9, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Barbara K Sharp
Health and social care research on stress in dementia has predominantly considered the stress experienced by family and professional carers. Focus on the person with dementia has frequently laid emphasis on the impact of stress-related behaviour on others and how such behaviour might be 'managed'. This paper describes a qualitative study which gives voice to people with dementia on the subject of stress and responds to the need for a better understanding of stress as it is experienced by people with dementia themselves...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
Jaume Miranda-Rius, Lluís Brunet-LLobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, David de Dios-Miranda, Josep Anton Giménez-Rubio
BACKGROUND: A link between progressive dental malocclusion, the use of a continuous positive airway pressure mask and GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma (acromegaly) has not been previously reported. The present clinicopathological analysis stresses that tooth malposition should not be seen exclusively as a local process. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old caucasian man with no relevant medical history reported difficulty chewing food and perceived voice alteration during his annual periodontal check-up...
May 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
Shunji Mitsuyoshi, Mitsuteru Nakamura, Yasuhiro Omiya, Shuji Shinohara, Naoki Hagiwara, Shinichi Tokuno
BACKGROUND: Disaster relief personnel tend to be exposed to excessive stress, which can be a cause of mental disorders. To prevent from mental disorders, frequent assessment of mental status is important. This pilot study aimed to examine feasibility of stress assessment using vocal affect display (VAD) indices as calculated by our proposed algorithms in a situation of comparison between different durations of stay in stricken area as disaster relief operation, which is an environment highly likely to induce stress...
2017: Disaster and Military Medicine
Federico Parra, Raphaële Miljkovitch, Gwenaelle Persiaux, Michelle Morales, Stefan Scherer
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory has been proven essential for mental health, including psychopathology, development, and interpersonal relationships. Validated psychometric instruments to measure attachment abound but suffer from shortcomings common to traditional psychometrics. Recent developments in multimodal fusion and machine learning pave the way for new automated and objective psychometric instruments for adult attachment that combine psychophysiological, linguistic, and behavioral analyses in the assessment of the construct...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Lisa A Davenport
Though the United States has become a place of increasing resettlement for refugees, particularly Iraqi refugees who have been forced to flee their homeland due to violence, persecution and civil unrest, little is known about Iraqi refugee resettlement in the United States, or the way in which resettlement impacts health and adjustment. A grounded theory study was conducted to develop a substantive theory of Iraqi refugee resettlement. Participants in the qualitative study included 29 Iraqi refugees and 2 community partners who participated in face-to face interviews...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Anna Olsson, Ann-Christine Persson, Aniko Bartfai, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: This interview study is a part of a project that evaluated sensor technology as a support in everyday activities for patients with memory impairment. AIM: To explore patients with memory impairment and their partners' experiences of using sensor technology in their homes. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Five patients with memory impairment after stroke and three partners were interviewed. Individual semi-structured interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
February 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Helga Þórarinsdóttir, Lars Vedel Kessing, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Stress is a common experience in today's society. Smartphone ownership is widespread, and smartphones can be used to monitor health and well-being. Smartphone-based self-assessment of stress can be done in naturalistic settings and may potentially reflect real-time stress level. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate (1) the use of smartphones to measure self-assessed stress in healthy adult individuals, (2) the validity of smartphone-based self-assessed stress compared with validated stress scales, and (3) the association between smartphone-based self-assessed stress and smartphone generated objective data...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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