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Voice stress analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114866/trump-s-electoral-speeches-and-his-appeal-to-the-american-white-working-class
#1
Michèle Lamont, Bo Yun Park, Elena Ayala-Hurtado
This paper contributes to the study of social change by considering boundary work as a dimension of cultural change. Drawing on the computer-assisted qualitative analysis of 73 formal speeches made by Donald Trump during the 2016 electoral campaign, we argue that his political rhetoric, which led to his presidential victory, addressed the white working class's concern with their declining position in the national pecking order. He addressed this group's concern by raising their moral status, that is, by (1) emphatically describing them as hard-working Americans who are victims of globalization; (2) voicing their concerns about 'people above' (professionals, the rich, and politicians); (3) drawing strong moral boundaries toward undocumented immigrants, refugees, and Muslims; (4) presenting African Americans and (legal) Hispanic Americans as workers who also deserve jobs; (5) stressing the role of working-class men as protectors of women and LGBTQ people...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#2
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805308/lymphocyte-profile-and-cytokine-mrna-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-suggest-dysregulated-cytokine-mrna-response-and-impaired-cytotoxic-capacity
#3
Anna Holm, Olga Nagaeva, Ivan Nagaev, Christos Loizou, Göran Laurell, Lucia Mincheva-Nilsson, Karin Nylander, Katarina Olofsson
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a relatively rare, chronic disease caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) 6 and 11, and characterized by wart-like lesions in the airway affecting voice and respiratory function. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic and resolve spontaneously, however, some individuals are afflicted with persistent HPV infections. Failure to eliminate HPV 6 and 11 due to a defect immune responsiveness to these specific genotypes is proposed to play a major role in the development of RRP...
August 14, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747115/where-pseudo-hallucinations-meet-dissociation-a-cluster-analysis
#4
Deborah Wearne, Guy J Curtis, Amanda Genetti, Mathew Samuel, Justin Sebastian
OBJECTIVES: The possible link between cognitive areas of perception and integration of consciousness was examined using assessments of hallucinations and derealisation/depersonalization. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects in three main diagnostic groups - posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia - identified by their treating psychiatrist as hearing voices were surveyed regarding characteristics of hallucinations, derealisation/depersonalization, delusions and childhood/adult trauma...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#5
Siena C Ramsay, Jed Montayre, Victoria Egli, Eleanor Holroyd
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
July 9, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599594/stress-as-experienced-by-people-with-dementia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#6
Barbara K Sharp
Health and social care research on stress in dementia has predominantly considered the stress experienced by family and professional carers. Focus on the person with dementia has frequently laid emphasis on the impact of stress-related behaviour on others and how such behaviour might be 'managed'. This paper describes a qualitative study which gives voice to people with dementia on the subject of stress and responds to the need for a better understanding of stress as it is experienced by people with dementia themselves...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490347/gh-secreting-pituitary-macroadenoma-acromegaly-associated-with-progressive-dental-malocclusion-and-refractory-cpap-treatment
#7
Jaume Miranda-Rius, Lluís Brunet-LLobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, David de Dios-Miranda, Josep Anton Giménez-Rubio
BACKGROUND: A link between progressive dental malocclusion, the use of a continuous positive airway pressure mask and GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma (acromegaly) has not been previously reported. The present clinicopathological analysis stresses that tooth malposition should not be seen exclusively as a local process. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old caucasian man with no relevant medical history reported difficulty chewing food and perceived voice alteration during his annual periodontal check-up...
May 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405348/mental-status-assessment-of-disaster-relief-personnel-by-vocal-affect-display-based-on-voice-emotion-recognition
#8
Shunji Mitsuyoshi, Mitsuteru Nakamura, Yasuhiro Omiya, Shuji Shinohara, Naoki Hagiwara, Shinichi Tokuno
BACKGROUND: Disaster relief personnel tend to be exposed to excessive stress, which can be a cause of mental disorders. To prevent from mental disorders, frequent assessment of mental status is important. This pilot study aimed to examine feasibility of stress assessment using vocal affect display (VAD) indices as calculated by our proposed algorithms in a situation of comparison between different durations of stay in stricken area as disaster relief operation, which is an environment highly likely to induce stress...
2017: Disaster and Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385683/the-multimodal-assessment-of-adult-attachment-security-developing-the-biometric-attachment-test
#9
Federico Parra, Raphaële Miljkovitch, Gwenaelle Persiaux, Michelle Morales, Stefan Scherer
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory has been proven essential for mental health, including psychopathology, development, and interpersonal relationships. Validated psychometric instruments to measure attachment abound but suffer from shortcomings common to traditional psychometrics. Recent developments in multimodal fusion and machine learning pave the way for new automated and objective psychometric instruments for adult attachment that combine psychophysiological, linguistic, and behavioral analyses in the assessment of the construct...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379737/living-with-the-choice-a-grounded-theory-of-iraqi-refugee-resettlement-to-the-u-s
#10
Lisa A Davenport
Though the United States has become a place of increasing resettlement for refugees, particularly Iraqi refugees who have been forced to flee their homeland due to violence, persecution and civil unrest, little is known about Iraqi refugee resettlement in the United States, or the way in which resettlement impacts health and adjustment. A grounded theory study was conducted to develop a substantive theory of Iraqi refugee resettlement. Participants in the qualitative study included 29 Iraqi refugees and 2 community partners who participated in face-to face interviews...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276963/sensor-technology-more-than-a-support
#11
Anna Olsson, Ann-Christine Persson, Aniko Bartfai, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: This interview study is a part of a project that evaluated sensor technology as a support in everyday activities for patients with memory impairment. AIM: To explore patients with memory impairment and their partners' experiences of using sensor technology in their homes. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Five patients with memory impairment after stroke and three partners were interviewed. Individual semi-structured interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
February 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198942/normative-analysis-of-the-voice-of-children-in-brazilian-child-protection-legislation
#12
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193600/smartphone-based-self-assessment-of-stress-in-healthy-adult-individuals-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Helga Þórarinsdóttir, Lars Vedel Kessing, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Stress is a common experience in today's society. Smartphone ownership is widespread, and smartphones can be used to monitor health and well-being. Smartphone-based self-assessment of stress can be done in naturalistic settings and may potentially reflect real-time stress level. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate (1) the use of smartphones to measure self-assessed stress in healthy adult individuals, (2) the validity of smartphone-based self-assessed stress compared with validated stress scales, and (3) the association between smartphone-based self-assessed stress and smartphone generated objective data...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099887/comparative-proteomics-of-paired-vocal-fold-and-oral-mucosa-fibroblasts
#14
Michael Karbiener, Barbara Darnhofer, Marie-Therese Frisch, Beate Rinner, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Markus Gugatschka
Injuries of the vocal folds frequently heal with scar formation, which can have lifelong detrimental impact on voice quality. Current treatments to prevent or resolve scars of the vocal fold mucosa are highly unsatisfactory. In contrast, the adjacent oral mucosa is mostly resistant to scarring. These differences in healing tendency might relate to distinct properties of the fibroblasts populating oral and vocal fold mucosae. We thus established the in vitro cultivation of paired, near-primary vocal fold fibroblasts (VFF) and oral mucosa fibroblasts (OMF) to perform a basic cellular characterization and comparative cellular proteomics...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068120/daily-associations-between-ptsd-drinking-and-self-appraised-alcohol-related-problems
#15
Sarah M Wilson, Marketa Krenek, Paul A Dennis, Samantha S Yard, Kendall C Browne, Tracy L Simpson
Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alcohol-related problems have implications for assessment, intervention strategies, and prognosis. This study investigated the moderating effect of within-person (daily symptoms) and between-person (overall severity) differences in PTSD on the association between daily drinking and same-day alcohol-related problems...
February 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936414/-am-i-too-emotional-for-this-job-an-exploration-of-student-midwives-experiences-of-coping-with-traumatic-events-in-the-labour-ward
#16
Liz Coldridge, Sarah Davies
BACKGROUND: midwifery is emotionally challenging work, and learning to be a midwife brings its own particular challenges. For the student midwife, clinical placement in a hospital labour ward is especially demanding. In the context of organisational tensions and pressures the experience of supporting women through the unpredictable intensity of the labour process can be a significant source of stress for student midwives. Although increasing attention is now being paid to midwives' traumatic experiences and wellbeing few researchers have examined the traumatic experiences of student midwives...
February 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849240/relationship-between-working-and-voice-conditions-self-reported-by-telemarketers-of-an-emergency-call-center
#17
Claudionaria Torres Dos Santos, Ciro Santos, Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Maria Fabiana Bonfim de Lima-Silva
Purpose: To investigate whether there is association between vocal symptoms, voice complaint, and working and voice conditions self-reported by telemarketers. Methods: Study participants were 72 telemarketing operators, both genders, who work in an emergency call center. They responded to a questionnaire on personal data, voice complaints, vocal symptoms, and working conditions. Data analysis was performed using the Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, and Fisher's Exact tests...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720503/severe-childhood-autism-the-family-lived-experience
#18
Jocelyn Bessette Gorlin, Cynthia Peden McAlpine, Ann Garwick, Elizabeth Wieling
This research examined the experiences of families living with a child with severe autism. There is limited literature on the experiences of families when a child has severe autism as distinct from milder autism and includes the voices of multiple family members. Van Manen's phenomenological approach was used for data collection and analysis. This approach allowed for the use of innovative data sources, including unstructured individual and family interviews, observations, and family lifelines (a pictorial, temporal picture with comments of the families lives)...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551912/-it-just-took-the-pressure-off-the-voices-of-veterans-family-caregivers-in-a-participant-directed-program
#19
Aimee Milliken, Ellen K Mahoney, Kevin J Mahoney
The Veteran-Directed Home and Community Based Services Program (VD-HCBS) operates using a participant-direction approach, allowing Veterans to self-direct services. Only a small body of literature has explored the impact of these programs on caregivers. This study aimed to explore the experiences of caregivers in VD-HCBS. Telephone focus groups and interviews were conducted with caregivers (n = 23; 52.2% spouses; 8.7% male). Conventional content analysis revealed five categories: Coming home and staying home; Taking the pressure off; Providing security; Giving us time as a couple; and Importance of choice...
August 23, 2016: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450682/cultural-identity-among-urban-american-indian-alaska-native-youth-implications-for-alcohol-and-drug-use
#20
Ryan A Brown, Daniel L Dickerson, Elizabeth J D'Amico
American Indian / Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth exhibit high rates of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, which is often linked to the social and cultural upheaval experienced by AI/ANs during the colonization of North America. Urban AI/AN youth may face unique challenges, including increased acculturative stress due to lower concentrations of AI/AN populations in urban areas. Few existing studies have explored cultural identity among urban AI/AN youth and its association with AOD use. This study used systematic qualitative methods with AI/AN communities in two urban areas within California to shed light on how urban AI/AN youth construct cultural identity and how this relates to AOD use and risk behaviors...
October 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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