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Microdialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332604/the-effect-of-an-adenosine-a2a-agonist-on-intra-tumoral-concentrations-of-temozolomide-in-patients-with-recurrent-glioblastoma
#1
Sadhana Jackson, Jon Weingart, Edjah K Nduom, Thura T Harfi, Richard T George, Dorothea McAreavey, Xiaobu Ye, Nicole M Anders, Cody Peer, William D Figg, Mark Gilbert, Michelle A Rudek, Stuart A Grossman
BACKGROUND: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) severely limits the entry of systemically administered drugs including chemotherapy to the brain. In rodents, regadenoson activation of adenosine A2A receptors causes transient BBB disruption and increased drug concentrations in normal brain. This study was conducted to evaluate if activation of A2A receptors would increase intra-tumoral temozolomide concentrations in patients with glioblastoma. METHODS: Patients scheduled for a clinically indicated surgery for recurrent glioblastoma were eligible...
January 15, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331845/effect-of-levetiracetam-on-extracellular-amino-acid-levels-in-the-dorsal-hippocampus-of-rats-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#2
Pichardo Macías Luz Adriana, Ramírez Mendiola Blanca Alcira, Contreras García Itzel Jatziri, Zamudio Hernández Sergio Roberto, Chávez Pacheco Juan Luis, Sánchez Huerta Karla Berenice, Mendoza Torreblanca Julieta Griselda
Levetiracetam (LEV) is an anticonvulsant drug with a unique mechanism of action that is not completely understood. However, its activity profile may involve effects on excitatory and/or inhibitory neurotransmission since the primary target of LEV, synaptic vesicle protein 2A, is ubiquitously expressed in all types of synaptic vesicles. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to explore the effect of LEV (300 mg/kg/day for one week, administered via osmotic mini-pumps) on neurotransmitter release and its probable selective effect on extracellular gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), glutamate (Glu), aspartate (Asp), glutamine (Gln), taurine (Tau) and glycine (Gly) concentrations (using in vivo microdialysis under basal and high-K+ conditions) in the dorsal hippocampus (DH), a region that undergoes major synaptic changes during epilepsy...
January 5, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329091/determination-of-imm-h004-and-its-active-glucuronide-metabolite-in-rat-plasma-and-ringer-s-solution-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Jianwei Jiang, Ziqian Zhang, Xiaowen Zou, Rui Wang, Jie Bai, Shengyu Zhao, Xiaoqing Fan, Li Sheng, Yan Li
IMM-H004 is a novel neuroprotective agent and its glucuronide metabolite IMM-H004G has similar protective effects against cerebral ischemic injury in vivo and in vitro. A specific and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was established and validated for determination of IMM-H004 and IMM-H004G simultaneously in rat plasma and Ringer's solution. Plasma samples containing IMM-H004, IMM-H004G and internal standard propranolol were prepared by direct protein precipitation in a sample-to-solvent ratio of 1:2:6 (plasma: water: acetonitrile), whereas no protein precipitation was required for Ringer's solution samples...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325855/gating-of-long-term-potentiation-ltp-in-the-thalamocortical-auditory-system-of-rats-by-serotonergic-5-ht-receptors
#4
Karen K Y Lee, Chloe N Soutar, Hans C Dringenberg
The neuromodulator serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) plays an important role in controlling the induction threshold and maintenance of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the visual cortex and hippocampus of rodents. Serotonergic fibers also innervate the rodent primary auditory cortex (A1), but the regulation of A1 plasticity by 5-HT receptors (5-HTRs) is largely uncharted. Thus, we examined the role of several, predominant 5-HT receptor classes (5-HT1ARs, 5-HT2Rs, and 5-HT3Rs) in gating in vivo LTP induction at A1 synapses of adult, urethane-anesthetized rats...
January 8, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324792/critical-evaluation-of-colon-submucosal-microdialysis-in-awake-mobile-rats
#5
Norbert Cibicek, Jiri Ehrmann, Jitka Proskova, Rostislav Vecera
Sensors able to record large bowel physiology and biochemistry in situ in awake rodents are lacking. Microdialysis is a mini-invasive technique that may be utilized to continuously deliver or recover low-molecular substances from various tissues. In this experiment we evaluated the feasibility of in vivo microdialysis to monitor extracellular fluid chemistry in the descending colon submucosa of conscious, freely moving rodents. Following surgical implantation of a microdialysis probe, male Wistar rats were housed in metabolic cages where they were analgized and clinically followed for four days with free access to standard diet and water...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319803/down-regulation-of-glutamate-release-from-hippocampal-neurons-by-sialidase
#6
Minami Akira, Ami Ishii, Sumika Shimba, Takahiro Kano, Eri Fujioka, Saki Sai, Nagisa Oshio, Sayaka Ishibashi, Tadanobu Takahashi, Yuuki Kurebayashi, Hiroaki Kanazawa, Nobuhiro Yuki, Tadamune Otsubo, Kiyoshi Ikeda, Takashi Suzuki
Sialidase, which removes sialic acid residues in sialylglycoconjugates, is essential for hippocampal memory and synaptic plasticity. Enzyme activity of sialidase is rapidly increased in response to neural excitation. Because sialic acid bound to gangliosides such as the tetra-sialoganglioside GQ1b is crucial for calcium signaling and neurotransmitter release, neural activity-dependent removal of sialic acid may affect hippocampal neurotransmission. In the present study, we found that 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-D-N-acetylneuraminic acid (DANA), a sialidase inhibitor, increased expression of ganglioside GQ1b/GT1a in hippocampal acute slices...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315974/microdialysis-sampling-combined-with-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-determination-of-geniposide-in-dialysate-of-joint-cavities-in-adjuvant-arthritis-rats
#7
Wen-Yu Wang, Wei Wang, Hong Wu, Shu-Ping Li, Rong Wang, Li Dai, Zheng-Rong Zhang, Jun Fu, Ran Deng, Feng Li
RATIONALE: Microdialysis has been used to detect the concentrations of drugs in tissues. Geniposide (GE), an iridoid glycoside compound, is the main bioactive component of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit. We previously demonstrated that GE could control the activity of cytokines and reduce levels of inflammation in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, but the topic of concentration changes over time in the joint synovia of AA is scarcely studied. METHODS: In this study, microdialysis technique combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) was set up and confirmed to assay GE in the dialysate of the joint cavity in AA rats...
January 5, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314170/pulsatility-of-glucocorticoid-hormones-in-pregnancy-changes-with-gestation-and-obesity
#8
Laura I Stirrat, Jamie J Walker, Ksenia Stryjakowska, Natalie Jones, Natalie Zm Homer, Ruth Andrew, Jane E Norman, Stafford L Lightman, Rebecca M Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis (HPA) activity is decreased in obese pregnancy and associates with increased fetal size. Pulsatile release of glucocorticoid hormones regulates their action in target tissues. Glucocorticoids are essential for normal fetal growth but little is known about glucocorticoid pulsatility in pregnancy. We aimed to investigate the ultradian rhythm of glucocorticoid secretion during obese and lean pregnancy and non-pregnancy. DESIGN: Serum cortisol, cortisone, corticosterone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone were measured by LC-MS/MS from samples obtained at 10-minute intervals between 08...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314157/determination-of-cycloserine-in-microdialysis-samples-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-with-benzoyl-chloride-derivatization
#9
Wenjing Zhang, Sihui Wan, Lizhi Chen, Xuebing Wang, Zhuo Wang, Yi Huang
A new method for the analysis of cycloserine (4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone, CYC) in rat microdialysis samples has been developed. This method consists of derivatizing the CYC with benzoyl chloride, which transforms primary amines into highly stable derivatives. An attractive feature of this method was that the derivatization reaction is straightforward and can be completed within 10 min. The formed derivative, in contrast to the non-derivatized analyte, exhibited increased chromatographic retention and decreased matrix effects resulting from the co-elution of other components using reversed-phase liquid chromatography and on-line switching...
January 4, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310499/-express-extracellular-n-acetylaspartylglutamate-released-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-modulates-the-pain-sensation-analysis-using-a-microdialysis-mass-spectrometry-integrated-system
#10
Moe Watanabe, Yuki Sugiura, Eiji Sugiyama, Michiko Narita, Edita Navratilova, Takashige Kondo, Naohiko Uchiyama, Akihiro Yamanaka, Naoko Kuzumaki, Frank Porreca, Minoru Narita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305668/iloprost-affects-macrophage-activation-and-ccl2-concentrations-in-a-microdialysis-model-in-rats
#11
Kamel Alkhatib, Tina M Poseno, Alda Diaz Perez, Jeannine M Durdik, Julie A Stenken
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that locally-released iloprost, a synthetic prostacyclin analog, affects macrophage phenotype at a microdialysis implant in the subcutaneous space of rats was tested. Macrophage activation towards alternatively-activated phenotypes using pharmaceutical release is of interest to improve integration of implants and direct the foreign body reaction toward a successful outcome. METHODS: Macrophage cell culture was used to test iloprost macrophage activation in vitro...
January 5, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301680/moderate-intensity-exercise-induced-catecholamine-release-in-the-preoptic-area-and-anterior-hypothalamus-in-rats-is-enhanced-in-a-warm-environment
#12
Xinyan Zheng, Satomi Takatsu, Ryo Ishikawa, Hiroshi Hasegawa
Thermoeffector responses and core body temperature (Tcore) homeostasis during exercise are affected by both ambient temperature and exercise intensity. We have previously reported that Tcore, heat loss responses, and catecholamine release in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH) increased during incremental treadmill running. However, no previous study has examined whether changes in the thermoregulatory responses at warm ambient temperature are related to catecholamine responses during moderate intensity exercise in rats...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289614/sexual-odor-preference-and-dopamine-release-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-by-estrous-olfactory-cues-in-sexually-na%C3%A3-ve-and-experienced-male-rats
#13
Masaya Fujiwara, Atsuhiko Chiba
Sexual behavior is a natural reward that activates mesolimbic dopaminergic system. Microdialysis studies have shown that extracellular level of dopamine (DA) in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) significantly increases during copulation in male rats. The NAcc DA level is also known to be increased during the presentation of a sexually receptive female before mating. This rise in DA was probably associated with sexual motivation elicited by incentive stimuli from the receptive female. These microdialysis studies, however, did not thoroughly investigated if olfactory stimuli from estrous females could significantly increase the extracellular DA in the NAcc of male rats...
December 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275512/understanding-and-monitoring-brain-injury-the-role-of-cerebral-microdialysis
#14
Mauro Oddo, Peter J Hutchinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262436/multimodality-monitoring-toward-improved-outcomes
#15
Richard Gandee, Chad Miller
Multimodality monitoring provides insights into the critically ill brain-injured patient through the assessment of biochemical, physiological, and electrical data that provides insight into a patient's condition and what strategies may be available to limit further damage and improve the odds for recovery. Modalities utilized include evaluation of intracranial pressure along with cerebral perfusion pressure to determine adequate blood flow; continuous electroencephalography to protect the patient from seizures and to identify early functional manifestations of ischemia and toxicity; transcranial Doppler evaluation for bedside review of circulatory adequacy; tissue oxygen monitoring to establish that brain tissue is receiving adequate oxygen from blood flow; and microdialysis to evaluate the metabolic function of the tissue in areas of concern...
December 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251518/evaluation-of-the-targeted-delivery-of-5-fluorouracil-and-ascorbic-acid-into-the-brain-with-ultrasound-responsive-nanobubbles
#16
Yusuke Miura, Yuki Fuchigami, Masayori Hagimori, Hiroki Sato, Koki Ogawa, Chie Munakata, Mitsuhiro Wada, Kazuo Maruyama, Shigeru Kawakami
Recently, ultrasound-induced drug delivery into the brain using bubble formulations has been developed. After the brain delivery, however, the information on pharmacokinetics of hydrophilic drugs in the brain is lacking. In this study, to clarify the time-course pharmacokinetics of hydrophilic drugs, we used a brain microdialysis method. Using ultrasound-responsive nanobubbles (bubble liposomes [BLs]) with ultrasound irradiation, two hydrophilic drugs, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and ascorbic acid, were delivered into the brain of mice and rats, and their time-course pharmacokinetics were evaluated with microdialysis...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250792/increased-acetylcholine-and-glutamate-efflux-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-following-intranasal-orexin-a-hypocretin-1
#17
Coleman B Calva, Habiba Fayyaz, Jim R Fadel
Orexin/hypocretin neurons of the lateral hypothalamus and perifornical area (LH/PFA) are integrators of physiological function. Previous work from our lab and others has shown the importance of orexin transmission in cognition. Age-related reductions in markers of orexin function further suggest that this neuropeptide may be a useful target for the treatment of age-related cognitive dysfunction. Intranasal administration of orexin-A (OxA) has shown promise as a therapeutic option for cognitive dysfunction. However, the neurochemical mechanisms of intranasal OxA administration are not fully understood...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247720/voltage-gated-potassium-channels-and-nos-contribute-to-a-sustained-cutaneous-vasodilation-elicited-by-local-heating-in-an-interactive-manner-in-young-adults
#18
Naoto Fujii, Lyra Halili, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Glen P Kenny
Local skin heating to 42°C causes rapid increases in cutaneous perfusion (initial peak), followed by a brief nadir and subsequent sustained elevation (plateau). Several studies have demonstrated that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) largely contributes to the plateau response during local heating. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels contribute to the plateau of the cutaneous vasodilation during local heating through NOS-dependent mechanisms. Eleven young males (25±4years) participated in this study wherein cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was measured at four intradermal microdialysis sites that were continuously perfused with either 1) lactated Ringer (Control), 2) 10mM 4-aminopyridine (Kv channel blocker), 3) 10mM Nω-Nitro-L-arginine (NOS inhibitor), or 4) a combination of 4-aminopyridine and Nω-Nitro-L-arginine...
December 13, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246683/optogenetic-activation-of-granule-cells-in-the-dorsal-dentate-gyrus-enhances-dopaminergic-neurotransmission-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#19
Laurent Tritschler, Mazen A Kheirbek, Yannick Le Dantec, Indira Mendez-David, Jean-Philippe Guilloux, Charlène Faye, Julie Doan, Thu-Ha Pham, René Hen, Denis J David, Alain M Gardier
The dentate gyrus (DG) has distinct roles along its dorso-ventral axis. In the mouse, we recently demonstrated that dorsal DG (dDG) stimulation enhances exploratory behavior (Kheirbek et al., 2013). Dopamine (DA) release in the Nucleus Accumbens (NAcc), which belongs to the reward system, could be a key target of dDG mediating this motivation-related behavior. Here, an optogenetic stimulation of either ventral (vDG) or dDG granule cells was coupled with NAcc DA release monitoring using in vivo microdialysis...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229849/obligatory-role-of-hypothalamic-neuroestradiol-during-the-estrogen-induced-lh-surge-in-female-ovariectomized-rhesus-monkeys
#20
Brian P Kenealy, Kim L Keen, James P Garcia, Lucille K Kohlenberg, Ei Terasawa
Negative and positive feedback effects of ovarian 17β-estradiol (E2) regulating release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are pivotal events in female reproductive function. While ovarian feedback on hypothalamo-pituitary function is a well-established concept, the present study shows that neuroestradiol, locally synthesized in the hypothalamus, is a part of estrogen's positive feedback loop. In experiment 1, E2 benzoate-induced LH surges in ovariectomized female monkeys were severely attenuated by systemic administration of the aromatase inhibitor, letrozole...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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