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Advanced airway management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635202/palliative-treatment-of-life-threatening-hemoptysis-with-silicone-stent-insertion-in-advanced-lung-cancer
#1
Emanuela Barisione, Carlo Genova, Marco Grosso, Mercedes Pasquali, Alessandro Blanco, Raffaella Felletti, Mario Salio
Massive hemoptysis is a stressful and life-threatening event that can occur in lung cancer patients. The management of this event is usually challenging, and can involve surgery, embolization, and bronchoscopy. Unfortunately, while surgery can offer a definitive solution to hemoptysis, lung cancer patients are often excluded from this approach. On the other hand, bronchial arterial embolization rarely results in long-term control of bleeding. Endoscopy allows a skilled physician to perform mechanical tamponade or laser photocoagulation of bleeding lesions and preserve the main airways...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629917/personalized-management-approach-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
REVIEW
Jayne C Carberry, Jason Amatoury, Danny J Eckert
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a heterogeneous disorder. If left untreated, OSA has major health, safety and economic consequences. In addition to varying levels of impairment in pharyngeal anatomy (narrow/collapsible airway), non-anatomical 'phenotypic traits' are also important contributors to OSA for most patients. However, the majority of existing therapies only target the anatomical cause (e.g. continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP], oral appliances, weight loss, positional therapy, and upper airway surgery)...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621155/the-role-of-telemedicine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-management
#3
Vera Lugo, Jair Asir Villanueva, Onintza Garmendia, Josep M Montserrat
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease that leads in notorious symptoms and comorbidities. Although general measures are important, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the best treatment option. However, compliance can be suboptimal and telemedicine may play a role to improve it. Areas covered: Review authors searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane data bases using the following keywords: continuous positive airway pressure, Obstructive sleep apnea, telemedicine, respiratory telemedicine, information and communication technology...
June 16, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611887/derivation-and-validation-of-the-prehospital-difficult-airway-identificationtool-predait-a-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation
#4
Jestin N Carlson, David Hostler, Francis X Guyette, Mark Pinchalk, Christian Martin-Gill
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the prehospital setting poses unique challenges where multiple ETI attempts are associated with adverse patient outcomes. Early identification of difficult ETI cases will allow providers to tailor airway-management efforts to minimize complications associated with ETI. We sought to derive and validate a prehospital difficult airway identification tool based on predictors of difficult ETI in other settings. METHODS: We prospectively collected patient and airway data on all airway attempts from 16 Advanced Life Support (ALS) ground emergency medical services (EMS) agencies from January 2011 to October 2014...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603907/a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-a-low-cost-3d-printed-bronchoscopy-simulator
#5
T H Pedersen, J Gysin, A Wegmann, M Osswald, S R Ott, L Theiler, R Greif
Low-fidelity, simulation-based psychomotor skills training is a valuable first step in the educational approach to mastering complex procedural skills. We developed a cost-effective bronchial tree simulator based on a human thorax computed tomography scan using rapid-prototyping (3D-print) technology. This randomised, single-blind study evaluated how realistic our 3D-printed simulator would mimic human anatomy compared with commercially available bronchial tree simulators (Laerdal(®) Airway Management Trainer with Bronchial Tree and AirSim Advance Bronchi, Stavanger, Norway)...
June 12, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#6
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590232/anesthesia-for-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-with-emphasis-on-airway-management
#7
REVIEW
Brittney M Clark, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten, Mary E Warner
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are rare, inherited, lysosomal storage diseases that cause accumulation of glycosaminoglycans, resulting in anatomic abnormalities and organ dysfunction that can increase the risk of anesthesia complications. We conducted a systematic review of the literature in order to describe the anesthetic management and perioperative outcomes in patients with MPS. We reviewed English-language literature search using an OVID-based search strategy of the following databases: 1) PubMed (1946-present), 2) Medline (1946-present), 3) EMBASE (1946-present), and 4) Web of Science (1946-present) using the following search terms: mucopolysaccharidosis, Hurler, Scheie, Sanfilippo, Morquio, Maroteaux, anesthesia, perioperative, intubation, respiratory insufficiency, and airway...
June 6, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578372/mandibular-advancement-devices-vs-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
G Cammaroto, C Galletti, F Galletti, B Galletti, C Galletti, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder that may affect at least 2 to 4% of the adult population. Nasal-Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (N-CPAP) is today considered the gold standard for the treatment of OSA. The development of oral appliances (OAs) represents a new approach for the management of this pathology. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the efficacy of OAs and N-CPAP in the treatment of patients with mild to severe OSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A PubMed-MEDLINE and Cochrane databases search of articles published between 1982 and 2016 comparing the effect of N-CPAP and OAs in OSA patients was conducted during July 2016...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511807/does-the-novel-lateral-trauma-position-cause-more-motion-in-an-unstable-cervical-spine-injury-than-the-logroll-maneuver
#9
Per Kristian Hyldmo, MaryBeth Horodyski, Bryan P Conrad, Sindre Aslaksen, Jo Røislien, Mark Prasarn, Glenn R Rechtine, Eldar Søreide
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital personnel who lack advanced airway management training must rely on basic techniques when transporting unconscious trauma patients. The supine position is associated with a loss of airway patency when compared to lateral recumbent positions. Thus, an inherent conflict exists between securing an open airway using the recovery position and maintaining spinal immobilization in the supine position. The lateral trauma position is a novel technique that aims to combine airway management with spinal precautions...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509774/the-role-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-air-ambulance-medicine
#10
Stephen J M Sollid, Marius Rehn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The care administered on air ambulances has become increasing complex. This has led to a discussion among experts as to whether air ambulance travel should be manned by physicians. This review provides evidence in support of anaesthesiologists being the physician-leaders in air ambulance medicine, because of their training in advanced airway management, critical care, and resuscitation. RECENT FINDINGS: Successful prehospital care requires the ability to perform a complex set of advanced diagnostics and interventions...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506358/-research-advances-in-noninvasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-neonates
#11
Jia Huang, Lin Yuan, Chao Chen
Noninvasive ventilation is an important respiratory management technique for the treatment of mild or moderate respiratory failure in the neonatal intensive care unit. Its reasonable application can effectively avoid the use of invasive ventilation and related complications. Recent studies have found that noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation has the advantages of both nasal continuous positive airway pressure and high-frequency ventilation and can rapidly improve oxygenation, effectively remove carbon dioxide, and improve respiratory failure...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504992/trends-in-perioperative-practice-and-resource-utilization-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-undergoing-joint-arthroplasty
#12
Crispiana Cozowicz, Jashvant Poeran, Ashley Olson, Madhu Mazumdar, Eva E Mörwald, Stavros G Memtsoudis
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence associating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with adverse perioperative outcomes has recently heightened the level of awareness among perioperative physicians. In particular, estimates projecting the high prevalence of this condition in the surgical population highlight the necessity of the development and adherence to "best clinical practices." In this context, a number of expert panels have generated recommendations in an effort to provide guidance for perioperative decision-making...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486897/effect-of-pre-hospital-advanced-airway-management-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-respiratory-disease-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#13
N Ohashi-Fukuda, T Fukuda, N Yahagi
Optimal pre-hospital care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) caused by respiratory disease may differ from that for OHCA associated with other aetiologies, especially with respect to respiratory management. We aimed to investigate whether pre-hospital advanced airway management (AAM) was associated with favourable outcomes after OHCA caused by intrinsic respiratory disease. This nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of adult patients in Japan with OHCA due to respiratory disease from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2012 compared patients with and without pre-hospital AAM...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482805/management-of-potentially-life-threatening-emergencies-at-74-primary-level-hospitals-in-mongolia-results-of-a-prospective-observational-multicenter-study
#14
Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger, Martin W Dünser
BACKGROUND: While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level hospitals. METHODS: In this prospective, observational multicenter study, 74 primary level hospitals of Mongolia were included. We determined the capacities of these hospitals to manage medical emergencies. Furthermore, characteristics of patients presenting with potentially life-threatening emergencies to these hospitals were evaluated during a 6 month period...
May 8, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459305/advanced-airway-type-and-its-association-with-chest-compression-interruptions-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-resuscitation-attempts
#15
Angela F Jarman, Christy L Hopkins, J Nicholas Hansen, Jonathan R Brown, Christopher Burk, Scott T Youngquist
OBJECTIVE: To assess interruptions in chest compressions associated with advanced airway placement during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims. METHODS: The method used was observational analysis of prospectively collected clinical and defibrillator data from 339 adult OHCA victims, excluding victims with <5 minutes of CPR. Interruptions in CPR, summarized by chest compression fraction (CCF), longest pause, and the number of pauses greater than 10 seconds, were compared between patients receiving bag valve mask (BVM), supraglottic airway (SGA), endotracheal intubation (ETI) via direct laryngoscopy (DL), and ETI via video laryngoscopy (VL)...
May 1, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446350/the-first-aid-and-hospital-treatment-of-gunshot-and-blast-injuries
#16
Axel Franke, Dan Bieler, Benedikt Friemert, Robert Schwab, Erwin Kollig, Christoph Güsgen
BACKGROUND: When gunshot and blast injuries affect only a single person, first aid can always be delivered in conformity with the relevant guidelines. In contrast, when there is a dynamic casualty situation affecting many persons, such as after a terrorist attack, treatment may need to be focused on immediately life-threatening complications. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in Medline and on the authors' clinical experience...
April 7, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439444/airway-management-of-patients-undergoing-oral-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-156-patients
#17
Sapna Annaji Nikhar, Ashima Sharma, Mahesh Ramdaspally, Ramachandran Gopinath
OBJECTIVE: Oral cancer patients have a potentially difficult airway, but if managed properly during the perioperative period, morbidity and mortality can be reduced or avoided. METHODS: The medical records of 156 patients who were operated for oral cancers were reviewed for airway management during the perioperative period. RESULTS: The surgical procedures ranged from excisions, wide local excisions with split skin graftings, hemiglossectomies and radical neck nodes dissections to pectoralis major myocutaneous or free fibular flaps...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418758/inhaled-heparin-therapeutic-efficacy-and-recent-formulations
#18
Ayca Yildiz-Pekoz, Yildiz Ozsoy
Heparin is well known for its anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. Inhaled heparin regimens are increasingly being used to manage lung disease. It has been used to treat cystic fibrosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary fibrosis, as well as bronchial asthma and asthma-induced airway hypersensitivity. Several preclinical studies attained some useful effects of heparin-administered, parenterally and through inhalation, treatment of lung disease. Besides, recent clinical trials suggest that inhaled heparin for lung diseases is beneficial and safe, but such data remain to be limited...
June 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413394/significant-amelioration-of-tracheal-stenosis-following-lenvatinib-in-a-patient-who-has-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma-with-bronchomediastinal-infiltration-a-case-report
#19
Takahiro Fukuhara, Ryohei Donishi, Satoshi Koyama, Naritomo Miyake, Eriko Matsuda, Kazunori Fujiwara, Hiroya Kitano, Hiromi Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma has an extremely poor prognosis, and no known drugs have exhibited acceptable efficacy. In recent years, novel anticancer tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been developed. We encountered a case of tracheal stenosis due to mediastinal and tracheal infiltration of anaplastic carcinoma for which lenvatinib exhibited remarkable effects; owing to this, airway management could be performed, even though the patient's condition was considered critical. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man presented with locally advanced anaplastic thyroid carcinoma that was observed to have mediastinal infiltration...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409648/assessment-of-simulated-emergency-scenarios-are-trained-observers-necessary
#20
Juliane Noveanu, Felix Amsler, Wolfgang Ummenhofer, Thomas von Wyl, Mathias Zuercher
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based medical training is associated with superior educational outcomes and improved cost efficiency. Self- and peer-assessment may be a cost-effective and flexible alternative to expert-led assessment. We compared accuracy of self- and peer-assessment of untrained raters using basic evaluation tools to expert assessment using advanced validation tools including validated questionnaires and post hoc video-based analysis. METHODS: Twenty-eight simulated emergency airway management scenarios were observed and video-recorded for further assessment...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
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