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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417092/revival-modernization-and-integration-of-indian-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-clinical-practice-importance-challenges-and-future
#1
REVIEW
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417091/biological-activities-of-curcuminoids-other-biomolecules-from-turmeric-and-their-derivatives-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Augustine Amalraj, Anitha Pius, Sreerag Gopi, Sreeraj Gopi
In recent years, several drugs have been developed deriving from traditional products and current drug research is actively investigating the possible therapeutic roles of many Ayruvedic and Traditional Indian medicinal therapies. Among those being investigated is Turmeric. Its most important active ingredient is curcuminoids. Curcuminoids are phenolic compounds commonly used as a spice, pigment and additive also utilized as a therapeutic agent used in several foods. Comprehensive research over the last century has revealed several important functions of curcuminoids...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400848/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-tulsi-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Negar Jamshidi, Marc M Cohen
Tulsi, also known as holy basil, is indigenous to the Indian continent and highly revered for its medicinal uses within the Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems. Many in vitro, animal and human studies attest to tulsi having multiple therapeutic actions including adaptogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and immunomodulatory effects, yet to date there are no systematic reviews of human research on tulsi's clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted a comprehensive literature review of human studies that reported on a clinical outcome after ingestion of tulsi...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389141/luteolin-restricts-dengue-virus-replication-through-inhibition-of-the-proprotein-convertase-furin
#4
Minhua Peng, Satoru Watanabe, Kitti Wing Ki Chan, Qiuyan He, Ya Zhao, Zhongde Zhang, Xiaoping Lai, Dahai Luo, Subhash G Vasudevan, Geng Li
The increasing prevalence of dengue fever in the Indian sub-continent and Southern China is a major public health concern. There is currently an approved tetravalent vaccine available in a handful of countries for protection from dengue infection, but its efficacy against dengue virus (DENV) serotype 2 is not ideal and its overall performance in children under 9 years of age is poor. In many of the dengue afflicted countries-traditional medicine is widely used as a panacea for illnesses and here we describe the systematic evaluation of a natural product, luteolin, originating from the "heat clearing" class of herbs...
April 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347563/structural-and-elemental-characterization-of-traditional-indian-siddha-formulation-thalagak-karuppu
#5
N Kannan, S Balaji, N V Anil Kumar
BACKGROUND: The traditional Indian medicine 'Siddha' uses metals, metalloids and minerals including toxic ones with no proven toxicity. Thalagak karuppu (TK) is remarkably stable over a century and used for treating Suram (Fever), Kaasam (Cough), Elai (Tuberculosis) and Eraippu Erumal (Bronchial Asthma). OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses elemental and morphological characterization of therapeutic Siddha formulation: Thalagak karuppu (TK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: TK was purchased from the Indian Medical Practitioners Co-operative Pharmacy and Stores (IMCOPS) Ltd, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347172/ultrastructural-changes-in-raillietina-platyhelminthes-cestoda-exposed-to-sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride-sqdg-isolated-from-neem-azadirachta-indica
#6
Anirban Ash, Yogesh P Bharitkar, Sanatan Murmu, Abhijit Hazra, V Ravichandiran, Pradip Kumar Kar, Nirup Bikash Mondal
Neem (Azadirachta indica), has been known to be a curative for various ailments and diseases in the traditional Indian medicinal system from times immemorial. A glycolipid sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride (SQDG) isolated from the leaves of neem has been found to be a proactive antibacterial and antiviral agent in previous studies. The current communication pertains to the anthelmintic activity of SQDG in vitro against a model cestode Raillietina spp. The results of efficacy tests showed a paralysis time of 1...
March 28, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315457/anticonvulsant-activity-and-acute-neurotoxic-profile-of-achyranthes-aspera-linn
#7
Dinesh Y Gawande, Dmitry Druzhilovsky, Raghbir Chand Gupta, Vladimir Poroikov, Rajesh Kumar Goel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Root powder of Achyranthes aspera Linn. (A. aspera) belongs to family Amaranthaceae is used in Indian traditional medicine for the management of epilepsy and its efficacy is widely acclaimed among the different rural communities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed to establish the possible anticonvulsant effect of A. aspera methanolic root extract using acute anticonvulsant models and to evaluate the acute toxicity and neurotoxic potential A...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285613/ayurvedic-concept-of-shatkriyakala-a-traditional-knowledge-of-cancer-pathogenesis-and-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Ashutosh Chauhan, Deepak Kumar Semwal, Satyendra Prasad Mishra, Ruchi Badoni Semwal
The term Kriyakala refers to the recognition of the stage of a disease's progress, which helps to determine appropriate measure to correct the imbalance in Doshas (biological factors). It is a compound expression, comprised of Kriya and Kala, where Kriya means the choice to treatment (medicine, food and daily-routine) used to improve the disturbance in Doshas, and Kala refers to the stage of progress of a disease. Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, has described the concept of Kriyakala in Varnaprashnadhyaya, an ancient Vedic Sanskrit text, which seeks to explain the incidence of Varnas in terms of Doshic disturbances...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273640/phytochemical-analysis-and-differential-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-root-extracts-of-inula-racemosa
#9
Shikha Mohan, Damodar Gupta
The root of Inula racemosa is known for its antifungal, hypolipdemic and antimicrobial properties in traditional Indian Ayurvedic and Chinese system of medicine. The biological efficacy of Inula species is mainly due to the presence sesquiterpene lactone (Isoalantolactone and Alantolactone), which are reported to be inducers of Nrf2 antioxidant pathway. The investigation of properties and efficacy of root extracts of I. racemosa and their comparison was done with a view to find most efficacious extract for use at cellular level (both normal and transformed)...
March 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261317/potential-therapeutic-targets-of-guggulsterone-in-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Ajaz A Bhat, Kirti S Prabhu, Shilpa Kuttikrishnan, Roopesh Krishnankutty, Jayaprakash Babu, Ramzi M Mohammad, Shahab Uddin
Natural compounds capable of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells have always been of considerable interest as potential anti-cancer agents. Many such compounds are under screening and development with their potential evolution as a clinical drug benefiting many of the cancer patients. Guggulsterone (GS), a phytosterol isolated gum resin of the tree Commiphora mukul has been widely used in Indian traditional medicine as a remedy for various diseses. GS has been shown to possess cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic potential as established by in vitro and in vivo studies...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249821/ethno-veterinary-practices-in-southern-india-for-captive-asian-elephant-ailments
#11
Samidurai Jayakumar, Selvarasu Sathiskumar, Nagarajan Baskaran, Radjasegarin Arumugam, Varadhrajan Vanitha
ETHENOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India has a long tradition of practicing Ayurvedic medicine not only for human ailments, but also for the management of livestock in the form of ethno-veterinary practices. Asian elephant is a significant part of Indian culture, and ethno-veterinary practices have extended to manage and cure various ailments of Asian elephant in captivity. Much of this knowledge has been lost in the light of modern practices. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aimed at documenting the existing knowledge on ethno-veterinary medicines practiced by elephant keepers (mahouts) in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242974/unit-cost-analysis-of-pet-ct-at-an-apex-public-sector-health-care-institute-in-india
#12
S H Gajuryal, A Daga, V Siddharth, C S Bal, S Satpathy
CONTEXT: PET/CT scan service is one of the capital intensive and revenue-generating centres of a tertiary care hospital. The cost associated with the provisioning of PET services is dependent upon the unit costs of the resources consumed. AIMS: The study aims to determine the cost of providing PET/CT Scan services in a hospital. METHODS AND MATERIAL: This descriptive and observational study was conducted in the Department of Nuclear Medicine at a tertiary apex teaching hospital in New Delhi, India in the year 2014-15...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237915/hepatoprotective-activity-of-butea-monosperma-bark-against-thioacetamide-induced-liver-injury-in-rats
#13
Varinder Kaur, Manish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Amrit Pal Singh, Satwinderjeet Kaur
For thousands of years, the plant-based natural products have been a source of curative agents for various ailments. Butea monosperma (Fabaceae) has an important place in Indian traditional system of medicine for curing number of disorders. The present study deals with evaluation of hepatoprotective properties of ethyl acetate fraction (Beac) from B. monosperma bark in rat model. In preliminary antioxidant studies, Beac demonstrated pronounced superoxide scavenging (IC50 88.85μg/ml) and anti-lipid peroxidation (IC50 131...
February 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236613/ayurvedic-profiling-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Dale E Bredesen, Rammohan V Rao
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-associated, progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by severe memory loss, personality changes, and an overall decline in cognitive function. The cause of AD is not yet completely defined and efforts to find a cure for it have so far been disappointing. AD is one of the most significant health care problems nationally and globally. Recently, we described a personalized therapeutic approach called metabolic enhancement for neurodegeneration (MEND) that successfully reversed the cognitive decline in patients with early AD...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214539/lumbee-traditional-medicine-neuroprotective-activities-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-parkinson-s-disease-related-symptoms
#15
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Michael Timmers, Sin Ying Ma, Andrew Thieme, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Mary Ann Lila, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence in surviving neurons of Lewy body inclusions enriched with aggregated forms of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein (aSyn). Although current therapies provide temporary symptomatic relief, they do not slow the underlying neurodegeneration in the midbrain. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Lumbee tribe to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify safe and effective herbal medicines to treat PD...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207892/triethylene-glycol-an-active-component-of-ashwagandha-withania-somnifera-leaves-is-responsible-for-sleep-induction
#16
Mahesh K Kaushik, Sunil C Kaul, Renu Wadhwa, Masashi Yanagisawa, Yoshihiro Urade
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint which occurs due to difficulty in falling asleep or maintaining it. Most of currently available drugs for insomnia develop dependency and/or adverse effects. Hence natural therapies could be an alternative choice of treatment for insomnia. The root or whole plant extract of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) has been used to induce sleep in Indian system of traditional home medicine, Ayurveda. However, its active somnogenic components remain unidentified. We investigated the effect of various components of Ashwagandha leaf on sleep regulation by oral administration in mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160866/withania-somnifera-chemotype-nmitli-101r-significantly-increases-the-efficacy-of-antileishmanial-drugs-by-generating-strong-ifn-%C3%AE-and-il-12-mediated-immune-responses-in-leishmania-donovani-infected-hamsters
#17
Chandra Dev Pati Tripathi, Pramod Kumar Kushawaha, Rajender Singh Sangwan, Chitra Mandal, Shailja Misra-Bhattacharya, Anuradha Dube
BACKGROUND: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Solanaceae), commonly known as Ashwagandha, is one of the most important medicinal plant in the traditional Indian medical systems. Pharmacological studies have established that root extracts of W. somnifera contain several bioactive constituents called withanolides. The plant has long been used for its several beneficial properties and recently as an immunomodulator. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: A combination therapy including a potential and safe immunostimulant with lower doses of effective drug, which can reduce the parasitic burden and simultaneously can produce an enhancement of adaptive immunity, has proven to be significantly a more effective approach than immunotherapy or drug therapy alone...
January 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115974/lippia-javanica-burm-f-spreng-traditional-and-commercial-uses-and-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-significance-in-the-african-and-indian-subcontinent
#18
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Lippia javanica occurs naturally in central, eastern, and southern Africa and has also been recorded in the tropical Indian subcontinent. The potential of L. javanica as herbal or recreational tea and herbal medicine and its associated phytochemistry and biological properties are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that L. javanica is used as herbal tea and has ethnomedicinal applications such as in colds, cough, fever, malaria, wounds, diarrhoea, chest pains, bronchitis, and asthma. Multiple classes of phytochemicals including volatile and nonvolatile secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, amino acids, flavonoids, iridoids, and triterpenes as well as several minerals have been identified from L...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104005/-analysis-on-the-unearthed-khotanese-remaining-prescription-p-2899v-in-the-library-grottoes-at-dunhuang
#19
X Y Wang
Khotanese remaining prescription P. 2889v was written in Khotanese.Because of the affinity between Khotan and Dunhuang, thus it appeared in the Dunhuang Library Grottoes.Traditional Indian medical work Siddhasāra copied around 982 and composed in Khotanese also unearthed in Dunhuang.It is speculated that the copy time of P. 2889v is slightly earlier than 982. The third formula prescription in P. 2889v is similar to the Kalyānaka found in the Siddhasāra and Daji Medicinal Oil Pill recorded in the Volume of Tibetan Medicine of the Chinese Medical Encyclopedia, demonstrating that this prescription had been circulating in the western region and Tibet, which indicates the spread of the Indian Ayurveda medicine in western China with profound influences...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103857/ameliorative-potential-of-alstonia-scholaris-linn-r-br-against-chronic-constriction-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#20
Hasandeep Singh, Rohit Arora, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
BACKGROUND: Alstonia scholaris commonly known as 'Saptaparni' is an Indian traditional medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. It is commonly used to treat various disorders like asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery and malaria. In folklore medicine the milky juice of the plant is applied on wounds and ulcers to treat pain, ear ache and also in rheumatic pains. AIM: The present study was designed to investigate the potential of A. scholaris R. Br. in chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) induced neuropathic pain in rats...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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