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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529298/an-aspect-of-the-history-of-medicine-in-ancient-korea-as-examined-through-silla-buddhist-monks-annotations-on-the-chapter-on-eliminating-disease-in-the-sutra-of-golden-light-suvarnabh%C3%A4-sa-s%C3%A5-tra
#1
Chaekun Oh, Jongwook Jeon, Dongwon Shin
Nearly nothing is known of medicine in ancient Korea due to insufficient materials. With several extant prescriptions and esoteric methods of treating diseases alone, it is impossible to gauge in depth the management of medicine during this period. If one exception were to be cited, that would be the fact that the annotations for understanding the contents on Indian medicine in the "Chapter on Eliminating Disease" in the Sutra of Golden Light, a Buddhist sutra originating from India, reflected the medical knowledge of Buddhist monks from Silla (57 BC-935 AD) who were active immediately after the nation's unification of the two other kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula (668 AD) such as Wonhyo (617-686 AD), Gyeongheung (620?-700? AD), and Seungjang (684-? AD)...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506898/chromane-isolated-from-leaves-of-dillenia-indica-improves-the-neuronal-dysfunction-in-stz-induced-diabetic-neuropathy
#2
Navpreet Kaur, Lalit Kishore, Randhir Singh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to the Indian traditional medicine, Dillenia indica L. has shown therapeutic efficacy in various diseases. Fruits and leaves of the plant possess anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Reactive oxygen species, formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and apoptosis are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of D. indica and its isolate, chromane (CR), on thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia, allodynia, MNCV and oxidative-nitrosative stress in streptozotocin-induced experimental diabetes...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493730/behavioral-health-services-in-urban-american-indian-health-organizations-a-descriptive-portrait
#3
Andrew Pomerville, Joseph P Gone
The federal Indian Health Service (IHS) is the primary funding source for health services designated for American Indians (AIs; Gone & Trimble, 2012). Urban Indian health organizations (UIHOs), funded in part by IHS, are typically the only sites in large metropolitan settings offering treatments tailored to AI health needs. This is a first look at how mental health treatment is structured at UIHOs. UIHO staff at 17 of 34 UIHOs responded to our request to participate (50%), 14 employed behavioral health program directors who could complete the survey on behalf of their programs, and 11 of these submitted complete data regarding their current treatment practices and personal attitudes toward empirically supported treatments...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479720/in-vitro-anti-proliferative-effect-of-tephrosia-purpurea-on-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#4
Ramamoorthy Padmapriya, Loganathan Gayathri, Larance Ronsard, Mohammad A Akbarsha, Ramasamy Raveendran
BACKGROUND: Tephrosia purpurea is an Indian herb used in traditional medicine to treat various diseases such as jaundice, asthma, liver and urinary disorders. However, the anti-cancer potential of T. purpurea on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the anti-cancer activity of T. purpurea in HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. METHODS: The leaves and root of T. purpurea were extracted with methanol using soxhlet apparatus...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447035/novel-therapeutic-approaches-rett-syndrome-and-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-technology
#5
REVIEW
Mohan Gomathi, Vellingiri Balachandar
Recent advances in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology target screening and discovering of therapeutic agents for the possible cure of human diseases. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) are the right kind of platform for testing potency of specific active compounds. Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine developed between 2,500 and 500 BC, is a science involving the intelligent formulations of herbs and minerals. It can serve as a "goldmine" for novel neuroprotective agents used for centuries to treat neurological disorders...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446828/preliminary-pharmacognostic-and-phytochemical-investigation-of-blepharis-sindica-t-anders-seeds
#6
Apurva Priyadarshi, Rajesh Kumari, Anil Kumar Sharma, Mohal Lal Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: Blepharis sindica - T. Anders of family Acanthaceae is an important medicinal plant which is mainly used as an invigorating tonic, given to cattle to increase milk production and its roots are used for urinary discharge and dysmenorrhea. It is commonly known as "Bhaṅgārī". It is extensively used traditionally as Vājīkāraka and Vṛṣya (Aphrodisiac) by vaidyas of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The seeds of Blepharis sindica T. Anders are the parts of the plant valued for their medicinal value...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417092/revival-modernization-and-integration-of-indian-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-clinical-practice-importance-challenges-and-future
#7
REVIEW
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417091/biological-activities-of-curcuminoids-other-biomolecules-from-turmeric-and-their-derivatives-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Augustine Amalraj, Anitha Pius, Sreerag Gopi, Sreeraj Gopi
In recent years, several drugs have been developed deriving from traditional products and current drug research is actively investigating the possible therapeutic roles of many Ayruvedic and Traditional Indian medicinal therapies. Among those being investigated is Turmeric. Its most important active ingredient is curcuminoids. Curcuminoids are phenolic compounds commonly used as a spice, pigment and additive also utilized as a therapeutic agent used in several foods. Comprehensive research over the last century has revealed several important functions of curcuminoids...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400848/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-tulsi-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Negar Jamshidi, Marc M Cohen
Tulsi, also known as holy basil, is indigenous to the Indian continent and highly revered for its medicinal uses within the Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems. Many in vitro, animal and human studies attest to tulsi having multiple therapeutic actions including adaptogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and immunomodulatory effects, yet to date there are no systematic reviews of human research on tulsi's clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted a comprehensive literature review of human studies that reported on a clinical outcome after ingestion of tulsi...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389141/luteolin-restricts-dengue-virus-replication-through-inhibition-of-the-proprotein-convertase-furin
#10
Minhua Peng, Satoru Watanabe, Kitti Wing Ki Chan, Qiuyan He, Ya Zhao, Zhongde Zhang, Xiaoping Lai, Dahai Luo, Subhash G Vasudevan, Geng Li
In many countries afflicted with dengue fever, traditional medicines are widely used as panaceas for illness, and here we describe the systematic evaluation of a widely known natural product, luteolin, originating from the "heat clearing" class of herbs. We show that luteolin inhibits the replication of all four serotypes of dengue virus, but the selectivity of the inhibition was weak. In addition, ADE-mediated dengue virus infection of human cell lines and primary PBMCs was inhibited. In a time-of-drug-addition study, luteolin was found to reduce infectious virus particle formation, but not viral RNA synthesis, in Huh-7 cells...
April 5, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347563/structural-and-elemental-characterization-of-traditional-indian-siddha-formulation-thalagak-karuppu
#11
N Kannan, S Balaji, N V Anil Kumar
BACKGROUND: The traditional Indian medicine 'Siddha' uses metals, metalloids and minerals including toxic ones with no proven toxicity. Thalagak karuppu (TK) is remarkably stable over a century and used for treating Suram (Fever), Kaasam (Cough), Elai (Tuberculosis) and Eraippu Erumal (Bronchial Asthma). OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses elemental and morphological characterization of therapeutic Siddha formulation: Thalagak karuppu (TK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: TK was purchased from the Indian Medical Practitioners Co-operative Pharmacy and Stores (IMCOPS) Ltd, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347172/ultrastructural-changes-in-raillietina-platyhelminthes-cestoda-exposed-to-sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride-sqdg-isolated-from-neem-azadirachta-indica
#12
Anirban Ash, Yogesh P Bharitkar, Sanatan Murmu, Abhijit Hazra, V Ravichandiran, Pradip Kumar Kar, Nirup Bikash Mondal
Neem (Azadirachta indica), has been known to be a curative for various ailments and diseases in the traditional Indian medicinal system from times immemorial. A glycolipid sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride (SQDG) isolated from the leaves of neem has been found to be a proactive antibacterial and antiviral agent in previous studies. The current communication pertains to the anthelmintic activity of SQDG in vitro against a model cestode Raillietina spp. The results of efficacy tests showed a paralysis time of 1...
March 28, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315457/anticonvulsant-activity-and-acute-neurotoxic-profile-of-achyranthes-aspera-linn
#13
Dinesh Y Gawande, Dmitry Druzhilovsky, Raghbir Chand Gupta, Vladimir Poroikov, Rajesh Kumar Goel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Root powder of Achyranthes aspera Linn. (A. aspera) belongs to family Amaranthaceae is used in Indian traditional medicine for the management of epilepsy and its efficacy is widely acclaimed among the different rural communities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed to establish the possible anticonvulsant effect of A. aspera methanolic root extract using acute anticonvulsant models and to evaluate the acute toxicity and neurotoxic potential A...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285613/ayurvedic-concept-of-shatkriyakala-a-traditional-knowledge-of-cancer-pathogenesis-and-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Ashutosh Chauhan, Deepak Kumar Semwal, Satyendra Prasad Mishra, Ruchi Badoni Semwal
The term Kriyakala refers to the recognition of the stage of a disease's progress, which helps to determine appropriate measure to correct the imbalance in Doshas (biological factors). It is a compound expression, comprised of Kriya and Kala, where Kriya means the choice to treatment (medicine, food and daily-routine) used to improve the disturbance in Doshas, and Kala refers to the stage of progress of a disease. Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, has described the concept of Kriyakala in Varnaprashnadhyaya, an ancient Vedic Sanskrit text, which seeks to explain the incidence of Varnas in terms of Doshic disturbances...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273640/phytochemical-analysis-and-differential-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-root-extracts-of-inula-racemosa
#15
Shikha Mohan, Damodar Gupta
The root of Inula racemosa is known for its antifungal, hypolipdemic and antimicrobial properties in traditional Indian Ayurvedic and Chinese system of medicine. The biological efficacy of Inula species is mainly due to the presence sesquiterpene lactone (Isoalantolactone and Alantolactone), which are reported to be inducers of Nrf2 antioxidant pathway. The investigation of properties and efficacy of root extracts of I. racemosa and their comparison was done with a view to find most efficacious extract for use at cellular level (both normal and transformed)...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261317/potential-therapeutic-targets-of-guggulsterone-in-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Ajaz A Bhat, Kirti S Prabhu, Shilpa Kuttikrishnan, Roopesh Krishnankutty, Jayaprakash Babu, Ramzi M Mohammad, Shahab Uddin
Natural compounds capable of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells have always been of considerable interest as potential anti-cancer agents. Many such compounds are under screening and development with their potential evolution as a clinical drug benefiting many of the cancer patients. Guggulsterone (GS), a phytosterol isolated gum resin of the tree Commiphora mukul has been widely used in Indian traditional medicine as a remedy for various diseses. GS has been shown to possess cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic potential as established by in vitro and in vivo studies...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249821/ethno-veterinary-practices-in-southern-india-for-captive-asian-elephant-ailments
#17
Samidurai Jayakumar, Selvarasu Sathiskumar, Nagarajan Baskaran, Radjasegarin Arumugam, Varadhrajan Vanitha
ETHENOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India has a long tradition of practicing Ayurvedic medicine not only for human ailments, but also for the management of livestock in the form of ethno-veterinary practices. Asian elephant is a significant part of Indian culture, and ethno-veterinary practices have extended to manage and cure various ailments of Asian elephant in captivity. Much of this knowledge has been lost in the light of modern practices. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aimed at documenting the existing knowledge on ethno-veterinary medicines practiced by elephant keepers (mahouts) in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242974/unit-cost-analysis-of-pet-ct-at-an-apex-public-sector-health-care-institute-in-india
#18
S H Gajuryal, A Daga, V Siddharth, C S Bal, S Satpathy
CONTEXT: PET/CT scan service is one of the capital intensive and revenue-generating centres of a tertiary care hospital. The cost associated with the provisioning of PET services is dependent upon the unit costs of the resources consumed. AIMS: The study aims to determine the cost of providing PET/CT Scan services in a hospital. METHODS AND MATERIAL: This descriptive and observational study was conducted in the Department of Nuclear Medicine at a tertiary apex teaching hospital in New Delhi, India in the year 2014-15...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237915/hepatoprotective-activity-of-butea-monosperma-bark-against-thioacetamide-induced-liver-injury-in-rats
#19
Varinder Kaur, Manish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Amrit Pal Singh, Satwinderjeet Kaur
For thousands of years, the plant-based natural products have been a source of curative agents for various ailments. Butea monosperma (Fabaceae) has an important place in Indian traditional system of medicine for curing number of disorders. The present study deals with evaluation of hepatoprotective properties of ethyl acetate fraction (Beac) from B. monosperma bark in rat model. In preliminary antioxidant studies, Beac demonstrated pronounced superoxide scavenging (IC50 88.85μg/ml) and anti-lipid peroxidation (IC50 131...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236613/ayurvedic-profiling-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Dale E Bredesen, Rammohan V Rao
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-associated, progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by severe memory loss, personality changes, and an overall decline in cognitive function. The cause of AD is not yet completely defined and efforts to find a cure for it have so far been disappointing. AD is one of the most significant health care problems nationally and globally. Recently, we described a personalized therapeutic approach called metabolic enhancement for neurodegeneration (MEND) that successfully reversed the cognitive decline in patients with early AD...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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