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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906147/biogenic-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-from-cassia-fistula-linn-in-vitro-assessment-of-their-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-cytotoxic-activities
#1
Yugal Kishore Mohanta, Sujogya Kumar Panda, Kunal Biswas, Abiral Tamang, Jaya Bandyopadhyay, Debashis De, Dambarudhar Mohanta, Akshaya Kumar Bastia
The present study reports on biogenic-synthesised silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) derived by treating Ag ions with an extract of Cassia fistula leaf, a popular Indian medicinal plant found in natural habitation. The progress of biogenic synthesis was monitored time to time using a ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The effect of phytochemicals present in C. fistula including flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds and alkaloids on the homogeneous growth of AgNPs was investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904397/antibacterial-activity-of-indian-borage-plectranthus-amboinicus-benth-leaf-extracts-in-food-systems-and%C3%A2-against-natural-microflora-in-chicken-meat
#2
Sandeep Kumar Gupta, Pradeep Singh Negi
The ability of acetone and ethyl acetate extracts of the leaves of a traditional Indian medicinal plant, Indian borage (Plectranthus amboinicus Benth) to prevent spoilage of artificially inoculated model food systems (cabbage and papaya) and natural microflora of chicken meat was evaluated. These extracts were able to reduce the bacterial counts in all food systems; however, the effective concentration varied with the complexity of the system (cabbage<papaya<chicken). A probable mode of action of extracts was investigated by analyzing the changes they cause in bacterial cell wall and leakage of nucleic acid from bacterial cells...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891307/morphological-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-central-indian-population
#3
Neha Dwivedi, Anil Kumar Nagarajappa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological study of palatal rugae pattern in a central Indian population and to determine sex differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distinctive rugae patterns of the study population and determine the contribution of rugae patterns in gender identification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a Central Indian population with a sample size of 500 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891024/palliative-care-and-the-indian-neurologist
#4
REVIEW
Roop Gursahani
End-of-life care is an integral part of neurology practice, and neuropalliative medicine is an emerging neurology subspeciality. This begins with serious illness communication as a protocol-based process that depends on an evaluation of patient autonomy and accurate prognostication. Communication needs vary between chronic, life-limiting neurologic illnesses and acute brain injury. In an ideal situation, the patient's wishes are spelled out in advance care plans and living wills, and surrogates have only limited choices for implementation...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891021/progress-in-medicine-compensation-and-medical-negligence-in-india-does-the-system-need-a-quick-fix-or-an-overhaul
#5
REVIEW
Meghana S Chandra, Suresh Bada Math
In a recent judgment on medical negligence, the Supreme Court awarded compensation amounting to Rs. 11 crore to a victim, which was to be paid by the doctors and the private hospital deemed responsible for the wrongful death of a patient. This landmark decision was by far the largest compensation award in the history of Indian medical negligence litigation. Hence, the process of calculating compensation for medical negligence has received great attention and debate, largely due to the impact that it is going to have on the practice of medicine within the country, in the near future...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888157/curcumin-use-in-pulmonary-diseases-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Diana Lelli, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Thomas P Johnston, Claudio Pedone
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow pigment present in the spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has been used for centuries in Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) for the treatment of several diseases. Over the last several decades, the therapeutic properties of curcumin have slowly been elucidated. It has been shown that curcumin has pleiotropic effects, regulating transcription factors (e.g., NF-kB), cytokines (e.g., IL6, TNF-alpha), adhesion molecules (e.g., ICAM-1), and enzymes (e.g., MMPs) that play a major role in inflammation and cancerogenesis...
November 22, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881265/importance-of-economic-evaluation-in-health-care-an-indian-perspective
#7
Amit Dang, Nishkarsh Likhar, Utkarsh Alok
Health economic studies provide information to decision makers for efficient use of available resources for maximizing health benefits. Economic evaluation is one part of health economics, and it is a tool for comparing costs and consequences of different interventions. Health technology assessment is a technique for economic evaluation that is well adapted by developed countries. The traditional classification of economic evaluation includes cost-minimization, cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, and cost-benefit analysis...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877231/chemomodulatory-potential-of-bartogenic-acid-against-dmba-croton-oil-induced-two-step-skin-carcinogenesis-in-mice
#8
Chandragouda R Patil, Bhavin M Sonara, Umesh B Mahajan, Kalpesh R Patil, Dipak D Patil, Ramchandra B Jadhav, Sameer N Goyal, Shreesh Ojha
Barringtonia racemosa fruits are believed to be useful in cancer treatment in Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine. In present study, bartogenic acid (BA), a triterpenoid constituent of Barringtonia fruits was evaluated for its cytotoxicity property using the human skin carcinoma cell line (SCC-13) and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The chemopreventive efficacy of BA was evaluated against the DMBA/Croton oil-induced skin carcinogenesis in mice.BA was orally administered at the doses of 1, 2 or 4 mg/kg/day or applied topically every day for 12 weeks following DMBA application...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872562/development-of-quality-standards-of-medicinal-mistletoe-helicanthes-elastica-desr-danser-employing-pharmacopoeial-procedures
#9
K N Sunil Kumar, B Ravishankar, B Yashovarma, R Rajakrishnan, J Thomas
Helicanthes elastica (Desr.) Danser (Loranthaceae), commonly known as Indian mango mistletoe, is a parasitic shrub found widely growing on mango trees in southern India. Development of monographic quality standards is need of the hour for Pharmacopoeial/extra-Pharmacopoeial and folk medicinal plants. Systematic pharmacognostical evaluation of leaves of H. elastica has been carried out employing Pharmacopoeial procedures of testing herbal drugs. Macro-microscopic features of H. elastica leaf were recorded. Ethanolic extract was tested positive for alkaloids, steroids, carbohydrates, tannins, saponins and phenols...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870759/-please-don-t-just-hang-a-feather-on-a-program-or-put-a-medicine-wheel-on-your-logo-and-think-oh-well-this-will-work-theoretical-perspectives-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-substance-abuse-prevention-programs
#10
Margaret L Walsh-Buhi
Many current theories guiding substance abuse prevention (SAP) programs stem from Western ideologies, leading to a scarcity of research on theories from, and a disconnect with, Indigenous perspectives. This qualitative research study explored perceptions of theory by SAP researchers (N = 22) working with American Indian and Alaska Native communities. In-depth interviews identified components of Indigenous theoretical perspectives, including cultural elements such as balance, social cohesion, and belonging as being particularly significant and currently absent from many SAP programs...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856571/draft-genome-sequence-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-kanjika-2007-isolated-from-kanjika-a-south-indian-traditional-food
#11
G Divyashri, K Rajagopal, S G Prapulla
The draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum Kanjika 2007, isolated from the South Indian staple, medicinal, and traditional food kanjika, is reported here. The whole genome consists of 3.16 Mb with a G+C content of 44.7% and 3,009 protein-coding genes, 78 tRNAs, and 4rRNAs (5S-23S-16S).
November 17, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847416/infrared-thermography-a-potential-noninvasive-tool-to-monitor-udder-health-status-in-dairy-cows
#12
REVIEW
M Sathiyabarathi, S Jeyakumar, A Manimaran, G Jayaprakash, Heartwin A Pushpadass, M Sivaram, K P Ramesha, D N Das, Mukund A Kataktalware, M Arul Prakash, R Dhinesh Kumar
The animal husbandry and livestock sectors play a major role in the rural economy, especially for the small and marginal farmers. India has the largest livestock population in the world and ranks first in the milk production. Mastitis is the most common and expensive infectious disease in dairy cattle. The global economic losses per year due to mastitis amounts to USD 35 billion and for Indian dairy industry ₹6000 crores per year. Early detection of mastitis is very important to reduce the economic loss to the dairy farmers and dairy industry...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843823/physicians-of-ancient-india
#13
REVIEW
Anu Saini
A survey of Indian medical historiography will reveal no dearth of work on the systems of medicine and medical literature of ancient India. However, the people who were responsible for the healing have not received much attention. This article traces the evolution of the physician as a professional in ancient India. This article reviews the secondary literature on healing and medical practice in India, specifically pertaining to the individual medical practitioner, drawing from varied sources. The healers of ancient India hailed from different castes and classes...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828673/building-inclusive-health-innovation-systems-lessons-from-india
#14
Dinesh Abrol, T Sundararaman, Harilal Madhavan, K J Joseph
This article presents an overview of the changes that are taking place within the public and private health innovation systems in India including delivery of medical care, pharmaceutical products, medical devices, and Indian traditional medicine. The nature of the flaws that exist in the health innovation system is pinpointed. The response by the government, the health, technology and medical institutions, and the evolving industry is addressed on a national level. The article also discusses how the alignment of policies and institutions was developed within the scope of national health innovation systems, and how the government and the industry are dealing with the challenges to integrate health system, industry, and social policy development processes...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825376/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-amongst-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-in-singapore
#15
Tse Yean Teo, Jonathan Yap, Tong Shen, Khung Keong Yeo
BACKGROUND: Data on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) are lacking. We aim to investigate the prevalence of CAM use among patients with CVD attending a tertiary centre for cardiovascular care, their attitudes and beliefs towards CAM, and factors associated with CAM usage. METHODS: A cross-sectional, self-administered written survey was conducted on consecutive patients attending outpatient cardiovascular clinics at our tertiary institution over 2 months from June to July 2014...
November 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822251/immunostimulatory-effect-of-the-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-phyllanthus-niruri-on-the-specific-and-nonspecific-immune-responses-of-oreochromis-mossambicus-peters
#16
M Muthulakshmi, P A Subramani, R D Michael
Plant derived immunostimulants are a promising alternative to chemotherapeutics and also perhaps vaccines. In the present study, we examined the immunostimulating properties of aqueous leaf extract of Phyllanthus niruri, an Indian traditional medicinal herb, on neutrophil activation and antibody response of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Serial ten-fold diluted doses of P. niruri ranging from 0.002 mg to 20 mg were administered to two groups of O. mossambicus (n=8). One group of fishes was administered with sheep red blood cells and the primary and secondary antibody responses were estimated using direct haemagglutination assay...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818849/assessing-feasibility-and-readiness-to-address-obesity-through-policy-in-american-indian-reservations
#17
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Gail Boe, Carolyn Noonan, Leslie Carroll, Dedra Buchwald
The Institute of Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have identified policy and environmental strategies as critical to the prevention and control of obesity. However such strategies are rare in American Indian communities despite significant obesity-related disparities. Tribal policymaking processes differ by tribal nation and are often poorly understood by researchers and public health practitioners, hindering the dissemination, implementation, and successful scale-up of evidence-base obesity strategies in tribal communities...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816659/ethnopharmacological-appraisal-of-culturally-important-medicinal-plants-and-polyherbal-formulas-used-against-communicable-diseases-in-rodrigues-island
#18
Anne Kathie Samoisy, Fawzi Mahomoodally
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The tropical island of Rodrigues is one of three islands that constitute the Mascarene archipelago in the Indian Ocean. Currently considered as a biodiversity hotspot, the island has also a resilient history in the use of traditional medicine. However, there has been no ethnopharmacological study to document quantitatively such traditional practice against communicable diseases (CD), which currently accounts for 6.61% annual death and 30.7% attendances in public hospitals...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794541/military-officers-tropical-medicine-and-racial-thought-in-the-formation-of-the-west-india-regiments-1793-1802
#19
Michael Joseph
The article examines the establishment and growth between 1793 and 1802 of the West India Regiments, British army corps manned by slaves of African descent and commanded by European officers. Focusing on the medical history of British military operations in the West Indies, the article demonstrates that the rationale behind the regiments was medical, but that the impetus for them came from senior military commanders rather than from the medical practitioners whose writings are usually privileged in the historiography...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794386/biotechnological-intervention-in-betelvine-piper-betle-l-a-review-on-recent-advances-and-future-prospects
#20
REVIEW
Suryasnata Das, Reena Parida, I Sriram Sandeep, Sanghamitra Nayak, Sujata Mohanty
Betelvine (Piper betle L.) is cultivated for its deep green heart shaped leaf for (15-20) million Indian and 2 billion foreign consumers annually. The crop provides Rs (6000-7000) million of national income per year and at the same time leaves worth Rs (30-40) million is exported to other countries. The leaves are not only used directly for chewing purposes but also possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, anti-cancer and anti-microbial properties. Besides, the leaves also contain eugenol rich essential oil (1%-3%) which is the source for medicine, stimulant, antiseptic, tonic and other ayurvedic formulations...
October 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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