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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#1
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812812/a-cost-analysis-of-the-jan-aushadhi-scheme-in-india
#2
Kanchan Mukherjee
Medicines constitute a substantial proportion of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses in Indian households. In order to address this issue, the Government of India launched the Jan Aushadhi (Medicine for the Masses) Scheme (JAS) to provide cheap generic medicines to the patients (http://janaushadhi.gov.in/about_jan_aushadhi.html). These medicines are provided through the Jan Aushadhi stores established across the country. The objective of this study was to do a quick assessment for policy-makers regarding the objective of the JAS...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808384/molecular-authentication-of-the-traditional-medicinal-plant-lakshman-booti-smithia-conferta-sm-and-its-adulterants-through-dna-barcoding
#3
Suraj D Umdale, Parthraj R Kshirsagar, Manoj M Lekhak, Nikhil B Gaikwad
BACKGROUND: Smithia conferta Sm. is an annual herb widely used in Indian traditional medical practice and commonly known as "Lakshman booti" in Sanskrit. Morphological resemblance among the species of genus Smithia Aiton. leads to inaccurate identification and adulteration. This causes inconsistent therapeutic effects and also affects the quality of herbal medicine. AIM: This study aimed to generate potential barcode for authentication of S. conferta and its adulterants through DNA barcoding technique...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806968/cardamom-powder-supplementation-prevents-obesity-improves-glucose-intolerance-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-liver-of-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#4
Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, Anayt Ulla, Farzana Akther Sumi, Nusrat Subhan, Trisha Khan, Bishwajit Sikder, Hemayet Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: Cardamom is a well-known spice in Indian subcontinent, used in culinary and traditional medicine practices since ancient times. The current investigation was untaken to evaluate the potential benefit of cardamom powder supplementation in high carbohydrate high fat (HCHF) diet induced obese rats. METHOD: Male Wistar rats (28 rats) were divided into four different groups such as Control, Control + cardamom, HCHF, HCHF + cardamom. High carbohydrate and high fat (HCHF) diet was prepared in our laboratory...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799307/guiding-principles-for-the-use-of-fluroquinolones-in-out-patient-community-settings-of-india-panel-consensus
#5
Agam Vora, K Krishnaprasad
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory tract infections have been an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide that is looming large especially in context of antibiotic resistance that is confronted both by a pulmonologist as well as a general practitioner. A reflection to this trend has been the rising phenomenon of MICs as shown the respiratory pathogens towards conventional antibiotics including macrolides or β lactam/β lactamase inhibitor combinations. Respiratory fluoroquinolones offer broad yet potent cover of respiratory pathogens leading to their obvious choice for empirical therapy for clinical persisters or high risk cases with prior history of antibiotics not-withstanding the clinical concerns in tropical countries...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783743/andrographis-paniculata-chu%C3%A4-n-x%C3%A4-n-li%C3%A3-n-for-symptomatic-relief-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-adults-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Xiao-Yang Hu, Ruo-Han Wu, Martin Logue, Clara Blondel, Lily Yuen Wan Lai, Beth Stuart, Andrew Flower, Yu-Tong Fei, Michael Moore, Jonathan Shepherd, Jian-Ping Liu, George Lewith
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a substantial threat to public health. Safe and effective alternatives are required to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing. Andrographis Paniculata (A. Paniculata, Chuān Xīn Lián) has traditionally been used in Indian and Chinese herbal medicine for cough, cold and influenza, suggesting a role in respiratory tract infections (RTIs). This systematic review aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of A. Paniculata for symptoms of acute RTIs (ARTIs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772238/eco-friendly-fabrication-of-ag-nanostructures-using-the-seed-extract-of-pedalium-murex-an-ancient-indian-medicinal-plant-histopathological-effects-on-the-zika-virus-vector-aedes-aegypti-and-inhibition-of-biofilm-forming-pathogenic-bacteria
#7
Ramachandran Ishwarya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Ramasamy Anuradha, Ravichandran Rekha, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The control of Zika virus mosquito vectors and well as the development of drugs in the fight against biofilm-forming microbial pathogens, are timely and important challenges in current bionanoscience. Here we focused on the eco-friendly fabrication of Ag nanostructures using the seed extract of Pedalium murex, an ancient Indian medicinal plant. Initial confirmation of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) production was showed by a color change from transparent to dark brown. The UV-Visible spectrum (476nm), X-ray diffraction peaks (101, 200, 220 and 311) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy shed light on the production of green-capped AgNPs...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764202/antimicrobial-effect-of-leaves-of-phyllanthus-niruri-and-solanum-nigrum-on-caries-causing-bacteria-an-in-vitro-study
#8
J Sunitha, Swathy Krishna, R Ananthalakshmi, J Sathiya Jeeva, As Smiline Girija, Nadeem Jeddy
INTRODUCTION: Solanum nigrum and Phyllanthus niruri are common herbs which are indigeneous to India. Solanum nigrum commonly called 'manathakkali Keerai' in Tamil, forms an indispensable part of South Indian diet. Phyllanthus niruri (keezhanelli in Tamil) is a widely used medicinal plant, the leaves of which have been used extensively in Ayurveda and native medicine to cure various liver ailments. The herbs Solanumnigrum and Phyllanthus niruri have been found to be effective against numerous enteropathogens in various in vitro studies...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761232/medication-adherence-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-in-an-urban-indian-setting
#9
U R Adhikari, A Taraphder, A Hazra, T Das
Medication nonadherence is a known problem after renal transplantation and can vary from one setting to another. Since it can lead to negative outcomes, it is important to develop intervention strategies to enhance adherence in a given setting using determinants identified through exploratory studies. We explored nonadherence in renal transplant recipients. A longitudinal survey was done with adult renal transplant recipients at a tertiary care public and two private hospitals of Kolkata. Subjects were followed-up for 1 year...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757226/preparation-and-physicochemical-characterization-of-ingredients-of-indian-traditional-medicine-mahamrutyunjaya-rasa
#10
Pallavi Rai, Sadhana J Rajput
BACKGROUND: Mahamrutyunjaya rasa is an ayurvedic formulation used in the treatment of cardiac disorders. It contains the purified roots of Visa (Aconitum ferox), Brihati (Solanum indicum), fruits of Pippali Kana (Piper longum), Marica (Piper nigrum), Gandhaka (Sulfur), Hingula (Cinnabar) and Tankana (Sodium metaborate) as per Bhaishajya Ratnavali. The purification (shodhana) process changes the physiochemical properties of the raw materials which need to be studied and understood. OBJECTIVE: The present work aims to perform a comprehensive physicochemical characterization of raw materials, intermediates and the final product obtained during purification, using modern analytical techniques...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749965/major-bioactive-phenolics-in-bergenia-species-from-the-indian-himalayan-region-method-development-validation-and-quantitative-estimation-using-uhplc-qqqlit-ms-ms
#11
Renu Pandey, Brijesh Kumar, Baleshwar Meena, Mukesh Srivastava, Tripti Mishra, Vandana Tiwari, Mahesh Pal, Narayanan K Nair, Dalip K Upreti, Tikam Singh Rana
Bergenia species are important medicinal plants used in indigenous systems of medicine for their antilithiatic and diuretic properties. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to hybrid linear ion trap triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QqQLIT-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the estimation of quantitative variation of eight major bioactive phenolics in the rhizomes (150 samples) of four species of this herb, Bergenia (B. ciliata, B. ligulata, B. purpurascens and B...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749102/an-exploration-of-phytochemicals-from-simaroubaceae
#12
REVIEW
Biba Vikas, B S Akhil, S R Suja, K Sujathan
Natural products such as plants, animals and minerals have been the basis of treatment of human diseases. Herbal remedies have been used for the treatment of many ailments. Many compounds have been derived from the plant species mentioned in the ancient texts of Indian system of medicine for the treatment of a number of ailments. The R and D thrust in the pharmaceutical sector is focused on development of new drugs, innovative/indigenous processes for known drugs and development of plant based drugs through investigation of leads from the traditional systems of medicine...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730515/selective-induction-of-dna-damage-g2-abrogation-and-mitochondrial-apoptosis-by-leaf-extract-of-traditional-medicinal-plant-wrightia-arborea-in-k562-cells
#13
T Lakshmipriya, T Soumya, P R Jayasree, P R Manish Kumar
Plants have proved to be an important source of anti-cancer drugs. Wrightia arborea, an Indian Ayurvedic medicinal plant, is used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. This study evaluates the antiproliferative/apoptotic potential of Wrightia arborea leaf extracts, prepared in different organic solvents, on cancer cell lines. MTT assay, light and fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, DNA laddering, alkaline comet assay, and western blotting were some of the techniques used for evaluation. Combinations of camptothecin, either with CHK1 inhibitor-PD407824 or with W...
July 20, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730149/review-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-indian-ocean-commission-a-human-and-animal-health-issue
#14
REVIEW
Noellie Gay, Olivier Belmonte, Jean-Marc Collard, Mohamed Halifa, Mohammad Iqbal Issack, Saindou Mindjae, Philippe Palmyre, Abdul Aziz Ibrahim, Harena Rasamoelina, Loïc Flachet, Laurent Filleul, Eric Cardinale
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat to human, animal health, and environment worldwide. For human, transmission occurred through a variety of routes both in health-care settings and community. In animals, AMR was reported in livestock, pets, and wildlife; transmission of AMR can be zoonotic with the probably most important route being foodborne transmission. The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), composed of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion (France), and Seychelles recognized the surveillance of AMR in both animal and human as a main public health priority for the region...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727758/longevity-effect-of-a-polysaccharide-from-chlorophytum-borivilianum-on-caenorhabditis-elegans-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#15
Steve Thomas Pannakal, Sibylle Jäger, Albert Duranton, Amit Tewari, Subarna Saha, Aneesha Radhakrishnan, Nita Roy, Jean François Kuntz, Soraya Fermas, Darryl James, Jane Mellor, Namita Misra, Lionel Breton
The traditional Indian medicine, Ayurveda, provides insights and practical solutions towards a healthy life style. Rasayana is a branch of Ayurveda known for preserving and promoting health, enhancing the quality of life and delaying the aging process. In the traditional knowledge, the Rasayana herb, Chlorophytum borivilianum (C. borivilanum) is regarded as a general health promoting tonic that delays aging and increases lifespan, cognitive function and physical strength. Aging is a complex and multifactorial physiological phenomenon that manifests itself over a wide range of biological systems, tissues, and functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724259/herbal-pre-conditioning-induces-proliferation-and-delays-senescence-in-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Avinash Sanap, Bhawna Chandravanshi, Tejas Shah, Girish Tillu, Anand Dhanushkodi, Ramesh Bhonde, Kalpana Joshi
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells which are being explored for various clinical applications. Isolation and in-vitro expansion of MSCs remain important in achieving desired cell number for the therapy. However, in-vitro proliferation of MSCs is often associated with senescence and early onset of apoptosis which limits its therapeutic ability and long term clinical use. Tinospora cordifolia and Withania somnifera are used widely in Ayurveda: the traditional Indian system of medicine and are reported to have rejuvenating and anti-aging potential...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717613/morphometric-evaluation-of-human-tendocalcaneus-a-cadaveric-study-of-south-indian-male-population
#17
Naveen Kumar, Ashwini P Aithal, Satheesha B Nayak, Jyothsna Patil, Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Biswa Bina Ray
INTRODUCTION: Tendocalcaneus or Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Normal morphometric measurements of tendo-calcaneus serves an important landmark in its anthropometric evaluation and biomechanical characteristics. Hence the objective of this study was to provide detailed morphometric profile of tendocalcaneus in south indian cadaveric male population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 64 dissected adult limbs was studied...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704160/assessment-of-tribal-bison-worker-hazards-using-trusted-research-facilitators
#18
Ellen Duysen, Kelsey Irvine, Aaron Yoder, Christina Topliff, Clayton Kelling, Shireen Rajaram
OBJECTIVES: Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States. Within agriculture, livestock handling is particularly dangerous. While injury and fatality rates for bison handlers have not been reported, workers in many of the newly established tribal bison herds have limited safety training and animal handling experience, making this a vulnerable workforce. Veterinarians and herd managers, working with tribal bison herds, recognized the need for improvement in the working environment and for worker safety training...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697403/ameliorative-efficacy-of-bioencapsulated-chironomous-larvae-with-shilajit-on-zebrafish-danio-rerio-exposed-to-ionizing-radiation
#19
M Saiyad Musthafa, A Athaullah, S Anbumani, A Jawahar Ali, Mehrajuddin War, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon, S S Muthiah, Palani Kembeeram, R Harikrishnan
Using Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model organism, we evaluated the radioprotective and antioxidant effects of the Indian traditional medicine Shilajit exposed to X-Ray. The Zebrafish were divided into three experimental groups and control group, each group containing ten fish. The three experimental fish groups, group I, group II and group III were fed with 3, 5 and 7ppm shilajit encapsulated Chironomous larvae and group IV served as a control fed with non- encapsulated larvae. After 60 days of feeding trial, fish were irradiated with X-Ray at a single acute dose of 1Gy...
July 5, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694686/molecular-docking-qsar-and-admet-studies-of-withanolide-analogs-against-breast-cancer
#20
Dharmendra K Yadav, Surendra Kumar, Saloni, Harpreet Singh, Mi-Hyun Kim, Praveen Sharma, Sanjeev Misra, Feroz Khan
Withanolides are a group of pharmacologically active compounds present in most prodigal amounts in roots and leaves of Withania somnifera (Indian ginseng), one of the most important medicinal plants of Indian traditional practice of medicine. Withanolides are steroidal lactones (highly oxygenated C-28 phytochemicals) and have been reported to exhibit immunomodulatory, anticancer and other activities. In the present study, a quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model was developed by a forward stepwise multiple linear regression method to predict the activity of withanolide analogs against human breast cancer...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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