keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

indian medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446825/phytomedicines-medicines-derived-from-plants-for-sickle-cell-disease
#1
REVIEW
Oluseyi Oniyangi, Damian H Cohall
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, a common recessively inherited haemoglobin disorder, affects people from sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Mediterranean basin, Indian subcontinent, Caribbean and South America. It is associated with complications and a reduced life expectancy. Phytomedicines (medicine derived from plants in their original state) encompass many of the plant remedies from traditional healers which the populations most affected would encounter. Laboratory research and limited clinical trials have suggested positive effects of phytomedicines both in vivo and in vitro...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440815/aspiring-pain-practitioners-in-india-assessing-challenges-and-building-opportunities
#2
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel, Srinivasa N Raja
Background: Pain medicine is a developing specialty, aimed at relieving pain and suffering, enhancing function, and improving the quality of life of patients. Pain is often ignored, under-reported and mismanaged by health-care providers. Aspiring pain physicians in India face many challenges and barriers in advancing their specialty. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the challenges in establishing a pain practice in India and to discuss the opportunities and strategies to overcome these barriers...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436165/digital-rectal-examination-in-indian-graduates
#3
Aishwarya Beena, Barath Jagadisan
BACKGROUND: Digital rectal examination (DRE) is an important component of physical examination and an essential skill for medical graduates. DRE is often underutilised in clinical practice. The lack of confidence and expertise and also underutilization of DRE have been associated with inadequate training of medical students during their undergraduate studies. The training of Indian undergraduates in DRE has not been studied. METHODS: A questionnaire on undergraduate training in DRE was administered to students from various medical colleges joining specialty postgraduate courses in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430413/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-antidiabetic-medication-on-treatment-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-of-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Richa Chaturvedi, Chetna Desai, Prakruti Patel, Asha Shah, Ram K Dikshit
Aims: This study aims to measure the quality of life (QOL), treatment satisfaction, and tolerability of antidiabetic drugs in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: The prospective, observational study was conducted in consenting patients of type 2 DM attending the outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Western India. The QOL instrument for Indian diabetes (QOLID) patients questionnaire and the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire were administered to all patients at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months of treatment...
January 2018: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427634/mucuna-pruriens-l-dc-chemo-sensitize-human-breast-cancer-cells-via-downregulation-of-prolactin-mediated-jak2-stat5a-signaling
#5
Sonam Sinha, Sonal Sharma, Jaykant Vora, Heta Shah, Anshu Srivastava, Neeta Shrivastava
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC (MP) is an ancient Indian medicinal plant traditionally used to treat Parkinson's disease. L-Dopa (LD), precursor of dopamine is abundantly found in the seeds of MP. L-dopa is a natural inhibitor of prolactin (PRL) hormone which is required to maintain lactation in women but it's over production (hyperprolactinemia) plays critical role in advancement of breast cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aim to examine the pharmacological effect of LD and MP on this hyperprolactinemia associated breast cancer and related signaling for effective management of the disease...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423925/does-public-health-system-provide-adequate-financial-risk-protection-to-its-clients-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-inpatient-care-at-secondary-level-public-health-institutions-causes-and-determinants-in-an-eastern-indian-state
#6
Sarit Kumar Rout, Sarmistha Choudhury
This study is undertaken to estimate the out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) for various diseases and its determinants at secondary level public health facilities in Odisha. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the inpatients utilising secondary level public health facilities in the 2 districts of Odisha. More than 80% of the inpatients were selected conveniently, and data on OOPE and socioeconomic status of patients were collected. The OOPE was estimated separately on surgery, nonsurgery, and child birth conditions...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423188/availability-of-brands-of-six-essential-medicines-in-124-pharmacies-in-maharashtra
#7
Colin Millard, Abhay B Kadam, Rushikesh Mahajan, Allyson M Pollock, Petra Brhlikova
Background: The aim of this study is to assess the availability and rational use of six essential medicines in private retail outlets in Maharashtra state. The study focuses on the range of brands for each medicine, and the availability of these brands in the pharmacies. The medicines were chosen because they are included in the World Health Organization's (WHO) essential medicines list (EML), the Indian national and Maharashtra state medicines list, and are all included in existing Indian public health initiatives and national disease control programmes...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422728/multicenter-observational-study-to-evaluate-epidemiology-and-resistance-patterns-of-common-intensive-care-unit-infections
#8
Ramesh Venkataraman, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Rajesh Chawla, Pravin Amin, Palepu Gopal, Dhruva Chaudhry, Kapil Zirpe, Babu Abraham
Background: There is limited data regarding the microbiology of Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-acquired infections, such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) from India. Objectives: To explore the microbiology and resistance patterns of ICU-acquired infections and evaluate their outcomes. Materials and Methods: This was a multicenter observational study, conducted by Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (MOSER study) between August 2011 and October 2012...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417015/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-osteopenia-in-stable-patients-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-sub-himalayan-region-of-himachal-pradesh-india
#9
Nishant Nayyar, R G Sood, Malay Sarkar, Ashwani Tomar, Vijay Thakur, Rohit Bhoil
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lifestyle-related chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease and a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Osteoporosis and osteopenia are common observations in COPD and degree of the loss of bone mineral density (BMD) has been found to be proportionate to the severity of the disease. Objectives: Our objective was to study the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in stable COPD patients in Indian Sub-Himalayan population...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415441/in-vitro-study-of-the-cytotoxic-cytostatic-and-antigenotoxic-profile-of-hemidesmus-indicus-l-r-br-apocynaceae-crude-drug-extract-on-t-lymphoblastic-cells
#10
Eleonora Turrini, Cinzia Calcabrini, Massimo Tacchini, Thomas Efferth, Gianni Sacchetti, Alessandra Guerrini, Guglielmo Paganetto, Elena Catanzaro, Giulia Greco, Carmela Fimognari
In traditional Indian medicine, the crude drug Hemidesmus indicus root-commonly known as Indian sarsaparilla-is used alone or in poly-herbal preparations for the treatment of a wide range of diseases. The present study focuses on the cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic potential of H. indicus extracts on an acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (CCRF-CEM). With this aim in mind, we subjected H. indicus roots to two subsequent extractions (hydro-alcoholic extraction and soxhlet extraction). As DNA damage is an important prerequisite for the induction of mutations/cancer by genotoxic carcinogens, cancer chemoprevention may be achieved by preventing genotoxicity...
February 6, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408310/phytochemical-characterization-biological-activity-evaluation-of-ethanolic-extract-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-and-molecular-docking-analysis-of-active-component-cinnamaldehyde-against-selected-protein-targets
#11
Ishrat Husain, Rumana Ahmad, Anu Chandra, Syed Tasleem Raza, Yogeshwer Shukla, Farzana Mahdi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India being a multicultural nation, every region of the country offers a distinct culinary flavor and taste. These flavours are attributed to spices and condiments which form the mainstay of Indian cuisine. Most of these spices and condiments are derived from various biodiversity hotspots in India and form the crux of India's multidiverse and multicultural cuisine. Apart from their varying aromas, flavors and tastes, these spices and condiments are known to possess several medicinal properties also...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398792/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-india-2017-annual-update
#12
Rahul Naithani
There has been a steady rise in number of transplant centers in India over last few years. This year many papers related to bone marrow transplants were presented in annual conference of Indian society of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine. All oral and poster presentations which were published were reviewed. There were many publications on autologous transplant, allogeneic transplant and lab aspects of transplant. Centers shared their data on autologous transplants in newly set-up units with resource constraints with good outcomes...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389890/p450-pharmacogenetics-in-indigenous-north-american-populations
#13
REVIEW
Lindsay M Henderson, Katrina G Claw, Erica L Woodahl, Renee F Robinson, Bert B Boyer, Wylie Burke, Kenneth E Thummel
Indigenous North American populations, including American Indian and Alaska Native peoples in the United States, the First Nations, M├ętis and Inuit peoples in Canada and Amerindians in Mexico, are historically under-represented in biomedical research, including genomic research on drug disposition and response. Without adequate representation in pharmacogenetic studies establishing genotype-phenotype relationships, Indigenous populations may not benefit fully from new innovations in precision medicine testing to tailor and improve the safety and efficacy of drug treatment, resulting in health care disparities...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389468/prevalence-and-pattern-of-usage-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-south-indian-asthma-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#14
Sabarathinam Sarvesh, Mathivanan Koushik Muthu Raja, Muhasaparur Ganesan Rajanandh, Palanichamy Seenivasan
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of CAM users among asthmatic patients in a tertiary care South Indian hospital. METHODS: Prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in 394 asthmatic patients. RESULTS: 30.4% of the patients used CAM therapies. The most commonly used CAM treatment was herbal medicine followed by pranayama (controlled breathing exercises). Most of the CAM users were found to be in lower middle class...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389253/bovine-milk-comparative-proteome-analysis-from-early-mid-and-late-lactation-in-the-cattle-breed-malnad-gidda-bos-indicus
#15
Praseeda Mol, Uday Kannegundla, Gourav Dey, Lathika Gopalakrishnan, Manjunath Dammalli, Manish Kumar, Arun H Patil, Marappa Basavaraju, Akhila Rao, Kerekoppa P Ramesha, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad
Bovine milk is important for both veterinary medicine and human nutrition. Understanding the bovine milk proteome at different stages of lactation has therefore broad significance for integrative biology and clinical medicine as well. Indeed, different lactation stages have marked influence on the milk yield, milk constituents, and nourishment of the neonates. We performed a comparative proteome analysis of the bovine milk obtained at different stages of lactation from the Indian indigenous cattle Malnad Gidda (Bos indicus), a widely available breed...
February 1, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386719/combat-psychiatry-indian-perspective
#16
REVIEW
P S Bhat
Indian Armed Forces have been engaged in various combat duties for long. The adverse effect of prolonged and repetitive deployment of troops in these highly stressful environment leads to many combat stress behaviors as well as misconduct behaviors. Preventing, identifying and managing these disruptive behaviors are an essential part of combat psychiatry within the larger domain of combat medicine. Indian Armed Forces have a well-oiled mechanism to handle these issues and military psychiatrists are deeply engaged in providing holistic mental health care to the esteemed clientele...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380694/herbal-immunomodulators-a-remedial-panacea-for-the-designing-and-developing-effective-drugs-and-medicines-current-scenario-and-future-prospects
#17
Ruchi Tiwari, Shyma K Latheef, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Mohammed Hussen Bule, Kuldeep Dhama, Hari Abdul Samad, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Mayada Ragab Farag
Constant exposure to various stressors, such as immune pressure, rapidly increasing population, deleterious changes in the ecosystem, climate change, infection with emerging and re-emerging pathogens, and fast-paced lifestyle, is a critical factor in the globally increasing incidences of immunocompromising health conditions, as well as stress. Synthetic chemotherapeutic agents, which are widely available in the commercial market, may be highly efficacious, but most are immunosuppressive and exert many side effects...
January 29, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370702/discovery-and-preclinical-development-of-iiim-290-an-orally-active-potent-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor
#18
Sandip B Bharate, Vikas Kumar, Shreyans K Jain, Mubashir Javeed Mintoo, Santosh Kumar Guru, Vijay K Nuthakki, Mohit Sharma, Sonali S Bharate, Sumit G Gandhi, Dilip Manikrao Mondhe, Shashi Bhushan, Ram A Vishwakarma
Rohitukine (1), a chromone alkaloid isolated from Indian medicinal plant Dysoxylum binectariferum has inspired the discovery of flavopiridol and riviciclib, both of which are bioavailable only via IV route. With the objective to address oral bioavailability issue of this scaffold, four series of rohitukine derivatives were prepared and screened for Cdk inhibition and cellular antiproliferative activity. The 2,6-dichloro-styryl derivative IIIM-290 (11d) showed strong inhibition of Cdk-9/T1 (IC50 1.9 nM) kinase and Molt-4/MIAPaCa-2 cell growth (GI50 < 1...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366766/breast-cancer-amelioration-by-butea-monosperma-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Prachi Karia, Kirti V Patel, Shri S P Rathod
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Butea monosperma belonging to family Fabaceae is used in the Indian traditional medicine (Ayurveda) for various ailments including abdominal tumors and possess anti-estrogenic activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study is aimed at investigating the chemo-preventive potential of Butea monosperma in breast cancer and elucidating it's mechanism of action by assessing its effect on key processes like apoptosis, angiogenesis and metastasis...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356238/gc-ms-analysis-and-characterization-of-2-hexadecen-1-ol-and-beta-sitosterol-from-schimpera-arabica-extract-for-its-bioactive-potential-as-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial
#20
Syed Hidayathulla, Abdelaaty A Shahat, Syed Rizwan Ahamad, Abdul Azeez N Al Moqbil, Mansour S Alsaid, Darshan Devang Divakar
AIMS: We evaluated the in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Schimpera arabica extract and fractions (2-Hexadecen-1-ol and beta sitosterol). METHODS AND RESULTS: Free radical scavenging activity was estimated by using ABTS and DPPH methods, reducing power and iron chelation was studied to investigate antioxidant potential of the extracts. Well, diffusion method was utilized to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the extracts. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis of the extract revealed the presence of 27 compounds...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
keyword
keyword
17952
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"