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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837575/dreams-in-ancient-greek-medicine
#1
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, E Vasilopoulos, M Karamanou, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25684459/looking-islam-in-the-teeth-the-social-life-of-a-somali-toothbrush
#2
Lance D Laird, Linda L Barnes, Jo Hunter-Adams, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
The Arabic miswak (Somali, adayge) is a tooth-cleaning stick from the Salvadora persica plant. In this article, we trace the social life of a "thing," examining meanings inscribed in the stick brush, drawing on interviews with 82 Somali refugees in Massachusetts and an analysis of local and transnational science and marketing. The miswak toothbrush symbolizes relationships to nature, homeland culture, global Islam, globalizing dental medicine, and the divine as it intersects with the lives of producers, marketers, distributors, and users, creating hybrid cultural forms in new contexts...
September 2015: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24461486/galen-father-of-systematic-medicine-an-essay-on-the-evolution-of-modern-medicine-and-cardiology
#3
Ares Pasipoularides
Galen (129-217) was the ultimate authority on all medical subjects for 15 centuries. His anatomical/physiological concepts remained unchallenged until well into the 17th century. He wrote over 600 treatises, of which less than one-third exist today. The Galenic corpus is stupendous in magnitude; the index of word-entries in it contains 1300 pages. Galen's errors attracted later attention, but we should balance the merits and faults in his work because both exerted profound influences on the advancement of medicine and cardiology...
March 1, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23306748/-an-essay-on-science-cosmogenesis-and-religion
#4
P Cugini
The relationships between science and religion are not easy from both the parts. But, the major controversy deals with the cosmogenesis and, thus, the existence of God. Science excludes the hypothesis of a divine creation, while theology assumes the origin of universe as a mere supernatural act. In my opinion, the scientific negation of the existence of God is a merely fideistic position, being founded on the hypothesis that the Bing Bang was an episode governed by casuality. An hypothesis that is more dogmatic that the Plato's idea of a demiurge as the creator of universe...
November 2012: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23132545/monotheistic-and-spiritual-style-literature-in-traditional-medicine-s-resources
#5
REVIEW
Hossein Hatami, Ebrahim Afjei, Maryam Hatami, Neda Hatami
The basis for success of Iranian Gnostics, poets and scientists were moral teaching, attention to origin and searching for specific goals in creation of human and creatures as well as finding some of his essence in studying all phenomena regarding the creation of universe by divine attitude. There is no surprise that such relationship was bilateral and according to his promise to those who truly follow him such that he will show the right path of learning to human in order to obtain the secrets of life. This relationship has resulted in growth of famous Iranian scientists such as Rhazes, Ahvazi, Avicenna, Ferdousi and… at the beginning of the second millennium...
April 2014: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22948167/-zhuzhiqunzheng-the-jesuit-translation-of-western-medicine-and-its-influence-on-korean-and-chinese-intellectuals
#6
In-Sok Yeo
The Jesuits were great transmitters of Western science to East Asia in the 17th and 18th century. In 1636, a German Jesuit missionary Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1591-1666) published a book titled Zhuzhiqunzheng (Hundreds of Signs Testifying Divine Providence). The book was not Adam Schall's own writing, but it was the Chinese translation of De providentia numinis (1613) of Leonardus Lessius (1554-1623) who was also a Jesuit scholar. The book was a religious work which particularly aimed at converting the pagans to the Christianity by presenting them with hundreds of signs testifying the divine providence...
August 31, 2012: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22911393/the-religious-and-social-principles-of-patients-rights-in-holy-books-avesta-torah-bible-and-quran-and-in-traditional-medicine
#7
Hossein Hatami, Maryam Hatami, Neda Hatami
Health protection and promotion in healthy people and restoring patients' health have been the most important themes in medicine and health throughout our history. Therefore, discussion of different aspects of patients' rights includes implementation of these objectives by the medical community, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, etc., and the people in charge of health affairs. The principal objective of our research is the study of medical ideology and the approaches of our ancestors in relation to different aspects of patients' rights...
March 2013: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22629000/introducing-medical-humanities-in-the-medical-curriculum-in-saudi-arabia-a-pedagogical-experiment
#8
Rabie E Abdel-Halim, Khaled M Alkattan
In a marked shift from the modern positivist materialist philosophy that influenced medical education for more than a century, Western medical educators are now beginning to realize the significance of the spiritual element of human nature. Consensus is currently building up in Europe and North America on the need to give more emphasis to the study of humanities disciplines such as history of medicine, ethics, religion, philosophy, medically related poetry, literature, arts and medical sociology in medical colleges with the aim of allowing graduates to reach to the heart of human learning about meaning of life and death and to become kinder, more reflective practitioners...
May 2012: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21898978/-mathematics-astronomy-astrology-special-library
#9
Sibylle Gluch
About 1560 Elector August of Saxony created an unusual library--one distinguished within its period by both its specialization and location. Situated within the Kunstkammer this library was mostly dedicated to the mathematical sciences and related disciplines. It contained works by the most important authors on mathematics, astronomy, and astrology from the classical, medieval, and early modern periods. This essay traces the formation and composition of August's library, and examines its function: What kind of relationship existed between the library and the Kunstkammer? In what way did the library mirror the interests of the Elector, and to what extend does it permit inferences regarding the Elector's knowledge of mathematics? From the analysis August emerges not as a specialist with a deep understanding of mathematics, but as a particular aficionado of mathematical applications...
2011: Sudhoffs Archiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21836784/humanity-at-the-crossroads-does-sri-aurobindo-offer-an-alternative
#10
Shakuntala A Singh, Ajai R Singh
In the light of Sri Aurobindo's philosophy, this paper looks into some of the problems of contemporary man as an individual, a member of society, a citizen of his country, a component of this world, and of nature itself. Concepts like Science; Nature,;Matter; Mental Being; Mana-purusa; Prana-purusa; Citta-purusa; Nation-ego and Nation-soul; True and False Subjectivism; World-state and World-union; Religion of Humanism are the focus of this paper. NATURE: Beneath the diversity and uniqueness of the different elements in Nature there is an essential unity that not only allows for this diversity but even supports it...
January 2009: Mens Sana Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21704947/charles-edouard-brown-s%C3%A3-quard-s-departure-from-the-medical-college-of-virginia-incompatible-science-or-incompatible-social-views-in-pre-civil-war-southern-united-states
#11
Joseph C Watson, Stephen V Ho
Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard was one of the most colorful characters in modern physiology. His scientific methods of self-experimentation and animal vivisection led to many great observations, including the eponymous syndrome of hemisection of the spinal cord. Despite his renown, he stayed but one year in his first major academic post. Details of his sojourn at the Medical College of Virginia (now part of Virginia Commonwealth University) in Richmond were divined from perusal of archival material, letters, and from the available literature...
May 2011: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21640309/early-pregnancy-wastage-ethical-considerations
#12
Giuseppe Benagiano, Maurizio Mori, Norman Ford, Gedis Grudzinskas
Information on early embryo wastage is relevant for debating the status of human embryos. Two main points of view confront each other. Theists hold that human embryos should be treated as human persons from the moment of conception because, even accepting that human beings are the fruit of evolution, they are part of a divine project. Without a developmental event prior to which the human embryo could not be considered a human being, embryos should be regarded as if they were human subjects. After all, if one believes in the resurrection of the dead, it makes no difference at what stage one's life ends...
June 2011: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21339762/coping-strategies-used-by-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study
#13
H Babamohamadi, R Negarandeh, N Dehghan-Nayeri
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative. OBJECTIVES: Although using coping strategies have an important role in the adaptation process and quality of life following spinal cord injury (SCI), there is still trivial information about this issue in the world and especially in Iran. The purpose of this study was to explore coping strategies used by Iranian patients with spinal cord injuries. SETTING: The Brain and Spinal injury Repair Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and the Protection Center of spinal cord disables, Iran...
July 2011: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20617608/-johann-laurentius-bausch-and-philipp-jacob-sachs-of-lewenhaimb-foundation-of-the-academia-naturae
#14
Uwe Müller
The biographical notes of the two municipal physicians of Schweinfurt, Leonhard Bausch (1574 to 1636) and Johann Laurentius Bausch (1605-1665) and another three physicians (Johann Michael Fehr, Georg Balthasar Wohlfarth and Georg Balthasar Metzger) who founded the Academia Naturae Curiosorum together with the younger Bausch in 1652, show that this founding was initiated by a surprisingly homogenous group, sharing the same social, educational and professional background as well as ancestral and acquired experiences...
2008: Acta Historica Leopoldina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19847966/-if-a-woman-has-a-big-head-physiognomy-and-feminine-nature-in-an-assyro-babylonian-text
#15
Erica Couto Ferreira
In Mesopotamia, the human body was understood as an object for divination, that is, a system of signs, which carried messages about the individual, and whose meaning had to be decoded by means of observation and interpretation. Taking the physiognomic series "Summa sinnistu qaqqada rabât" ("If a woman has a big head") as the main source of my article, I analyse, on the one hand, the processes that take part in the promotion of a particular perception of women based on a specific reading of the female body...
2008: Asclepio; Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina y Antropología Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19330305/the-art-science-and-philosophy-of-child-care
#16
Meharban Singh
Pediatrics deals with promotion of health and well being of children and not merely diagnosis and treatment of their diseases. Children are truly the foundation of a society because healthy children grow to become healthy and strong adults who can actively participate in the developmental activities of a nation. Health and well being of children is intimately linked with the health, nutrition, education and awareness of their mothers. In order to improve child health and survival, it is therefore important to provide a life-cycle approach for the care of girl children with focus on equal opportunities for their nutrition (from birth through infancy, childhood, adolescence, pregnancy and lactation), optimal health care, education, dignity, empowerment, status and say in society...
February 2009: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18175648/thirum%C3%A5-lar-pioneer-of-the-immunology-concept
#17
R Rajasekaran, Ala Narayana
Extraordinary longevity of life, made possible by repeated reading and following of the text Thirumandiram 3000 - written by great Siddhar Thirumŭlar. He the Prince of Mystics is one of the 18 luminous Siddhars and the first and foremost #1 Siva śiddhăndi. Historians and scholars predicted his life period between 5th to 8th centuries AD. In his teachings, he explained the kinds of 'Thavam' (Yoga) and he insisted the #2 'Kăya siddhi'. Thousands of years ago, he wrote in detail about Anatomy of microcosm, Siddha physiology, Humoural pathology, Science of pulse, Microcosmic Atom theory, Immunology concept and Immortalization of our body...
July 2006: Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine (Hyderabad)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17951958/seeking-remedy-abstaining-from-therapy-and-resuscitation-an-islamic-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Mohammed Ali Albar
This paper discusses the Islamic viewpoint on seeking remedy. It is imperative to seek remedy in life threatening situations or in case of highly infectious diseases. In such circumstances, the Muslim government can impose quarantine and enforcement of treatment to protect the community. In case of minors, the guardian could be appointed by the Qhadi (magistrate), to give consent to the necessary management. Otherwise, an adult competent male or female should give his free consent in order to start any medical or surgical procedure...
November 2007: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17102208/coherent-heterogeneity-redefining-nursing-in-a-consumer-smart-world
#19
Roy L Simpson
Survival of any species depends on adaptation and evolution. In the changing healthcare environment, patients have evolved into consumers but nursing has yet to undergo a corollary evolution in order to survive in what is now a consumer-centric industry. This article examines how and why healthcare has become consumer-centric and what nursing can and must do to remain viable. One of the world's unanswerable questions is, "How did life begin?" Religion and science have argued about it. Folklore has attempted to make a metaphor of it...
2006: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16676114/-medical-professionalism-historical-and-religious-aspects
#20
José Adolfo Rodríguez P
The essence of the medical profession resides in the medical act, whereupon a sick human being meets another with the power to heal him or her. The source of this power has evolved from the divinity itself through magic to science or acquired knowledge. This power implies acknowledgement of values that are inherent to the profession as well as responsibility toward one's own conscience and toward society, elements considered constitutive of what we now call professionalism. From antiquity these principles have evolved into behavioral codes containing variable components according to the different ages and cultures, but also permenent core values such as respect for life, altruism, and honesty, among others...
March 2006: Revista Médica de Chile
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