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Natalia Quiroz-Casian, Oscar F Chacon-Camacho, Tania Barragan-Arevalo, Jessica Nava-Valdez, Esther Lieberman, Acatzin Salgado-Medina, Alejandro Navas, Enrique O Graue-Hernandez, Juan C Zenteno
PURPOSE: To describe 2 sporadic Mexican patients having congenital bilateral, total sclerocornea, aphakia, and microphthalmia associated with novel mutations in the FOXE3 gene. METHODS: Two affected individuals with congenital bilateral, total sclerocornea, aphakia, and microphthalmia underwent detailed examinations including slit-lamp examination, visual acuity, and intraocular pressure measurements. Ocular ultrasonography and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed...
June 6, 2018: Cornea
M Krall, S Htun, D Anand, D Hart, S A Lachke, A M Slavotinek
The Forkhead box E3 (FOXE3) gene encodes a transcription factor with a forkhead/winged helix domain that is critical for development of the lens and anterior segment of the eye. Monoallelic and biallelic deleterious sequence variants in FOXE3 cause aphakia, cataracts, sclerocornea and microphthalmia in humans. We used clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 injections to target the foxe3 transcript in zebrafish in order to create an experimental model of loss of function for this gene...
April 2018: Human Genetics
Fabiola Ceroni, Domingo Aguilera-Garcia, Nicolas Chassaing, Dorine Arjanne Bax, Fiona Blanco-Kelly, Patricia Ramos, Maria Tarilonte, Cristina Villaverde, Luciana Rodrigues Jacy da Silva, Maria Juliana Ballesta-Martínez, Maria Jose Sanchez-Soler, Richard James Holt, Lisa Cooper-Charles, Jonathan Bruty, Yvonne Wallis, Dominic McMullan, Jonathan Hoffman, David Bunyan, Alison Stewart, Helen Stewart, Katherine Lachlan, Alan Fryer, Victoria McKay, Joëlle Roume, Pascal Dureau, Anand Saggar, Michael Griffiths, Patrick Calvas, Carmen Ayuso, Marta Corton, Nicola K Ragge
GJA8 encodes connexin 50 (Cx50), a transmembrane protein involved in the formation of lens gap junctions. GJA8 mutations have been linked to early onset cataracts in humans and animal models. In mice, missense mutations and homozygous Gja8 deletions lead to smaller lenses and microphthalmia in addition to cataract, suggesting that Gja8 may play a role in both lens development and ocular growth. Following screening of GJA8 in a cohort of 426 individuals with severe congenital eye anomalies, primarily anophthalmia, microphthalmia and coloboma, we identified four known [p...
February 20, 2018: Human Genetics
S W Li, C Liu, T H Chen, J H Ning, T Zhang, F J Lyu, M Xu
Objective: To report the clinical results of pediatric penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in patients under 3 years old with congenital corneal opacity. Methods: Retrospective study. Sixteen eyes of 12 patients who were treated with PKP in Aier Eye Hospital Group from June 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled in this study. All the patients were diagnosed as congenital corneal opacities: 8 cases (11 eyes) with Peter's anomaly I, 2 cases (3 eyes) with sclerocornea, and 2 cases (2 eyes) with corneal dermoid tumor combined with iris synechia...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
J Plaisancié, N K Ragge, H Dollfus, J Kaplan, D Lehalle, C Francannet, G Morin, H Colineaux, P Calvas, N Chassaing
Microphthalmia and anophthalmia (MA) are severe developmental eye anomalies, many of which are likely to have an underlying genetic cause. More than 30 genes have been described, each of which is responsible for a small percentage of these anomalies. Among these, is the FOXE3 gene, which was initially described in individuals with dominantly inherited anterior segment dysgenesis and, subsequently, associated with recessively inherited primary aphakia, sclerocornea and microphthalmia. In this work, we describe 8 individuals presenting with an MA phenotype...
April 2018: Clinical Genetics
A S Ma, J R Grigg, I Prokudin, M Flaherty, B Bennetts, R V Jamieson
This project expands the disease spectrum for mutations in GJA8 to include total sclerocornea, rudimentary lenses and microphthalmia, in addition to this gene's previously known role in isolated congenital cataracts. Ophthalmic findings revealed bilateral total sclerocornea in 3 probands, with small abnormal lenses in 2 of the cases, and cataracts and microphthalmia in 1 case. Next-generation sequencing revealed de novo heterozygous mutations affecting the same codon of GJA8 : (c.281G>A; p.(Gly94Glu) and c...
January 2018: Clinical Genetics
S J Lang, C Richter, O Richter, D Böhringer, G Geerling, T Reinhard
BACKGROUND: The conditions for long-term graft survival in infants and children are unfavorable, due to the different immunological features, the impaired clinical examination and the reduced compliance and treatment adherence. However, penetrating keratoplasty is often the only option to prevent amblyopia and there may be no alternative. We examined the different indications, graft survival and complications in two specialised centres. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified all patients who were under the age of 18 years at the time of their penetrating keratoplasty...
March 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Linda M Reis, Rebecca C Tyler, Eric Weh, Kathryn E Hendee, Ariana Kariminejad, Omar Abdul-Rahman, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Melanie A Manning, Ahmet Yesilyurt, Catherine A McCarty, Terrie E Kitchner, Deborah Costakos, Elena V Semina
PURPOSE: The CYP1B1 gene encodes an enzyme that is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. Mutations in CYP1B1 have been mainly reported in recessive pediatric ocular phenotypes, such as primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) and congenital glaucoma with anterior segment dysgenesis (CG with ASD), with some likely pathogenic variants also identified in families affected with adult-onset primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: We examined CYP1B1 in 158 pediatric patients affected with PCG (eight), CG with ASD (22), CG with other developmental ocular disorders (11), juvenile glaucoma with or without additional ocular anomalies (26), and ASD or other developmental ocular conditions without glaucoma (91); in addition, a large cohort of adult patients with POAG (193) and POAG-negative controls (288) was examined...
2016: Molecular Vision
Yi-Ju Ho, Hung-Chi Chen, Shirley H L Chang, Lung-Kung Yeh, David Hui-Kang Ma
BACKGROUND: Sclerocornea, a congenital corneal pathology characterized by bilateral scleralization of the cornea, which can be found in few cases with posterior fossa malformationshemangiomas-arterial anomalies-cardiac defects-eye abnormalities-sternal cleft and supraumbilical raphe (PHACES) syndrome. Presence of vascularization in peripheral cornea and smaller diameter of recipient cornea correlate to poor outcome of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in sclerocornea. Here we report a method to preserve limbus during PKP for small, irregular, and scleralized cornea...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kazuki Matsuura, Dai Miyazaki, Shin-Ichi Sasaki, Keiko Yakura, Yoshitsugu Inoue, Masako Sakamoto
PURPOSE: To determine the antiseptic efficacy of timely intraoperative iodine irrigation during cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 198 eyes of 99 cataract surgery patients were studied. The eyes were randomly assigned to treatment with or without timely intraoperative iodine irrigation of the surgical field with an iodine compound equivalent to 0.33 % povidone-iodine. In eyes in the timely intraoperative iodine irrigation group, the ocular surface was irrigated twice intraoperatively-before the initial incision and before insertion of the intraocular lens (IOL)...
November 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Meisha L Raven, Maria E Rodriguez, Heather D Potter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ophthalmology
Hannah Happ, Kala F Schilter, Eric Weh, Linda M Reis, Elena V Semina
Peters anomaly is a form of anterior segment dysgenesis characterized by central ocular opacity and corneo-lenticular adhesions. Isolated and syndromic Peters anomaly can be observed and demonstrate significant genetic heterogeneity. We report the identification of overlapping 8q21.11 deletions in two patients with syndromic Peters anomaly via whole exome sequencing and chromosomal microarray analyses. Microdeletions of 8q21.11 were recently reported in 10 patients with highly variable phenotypes involving craniofacial features, ptosis, intellectual disability, abnormalities of the hands/feet and other defects; sclerocornea and/or microphthalmia were reported in three cases...
September 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Brett Deml, Linda M Reis, Emmanuelle Lemyre, Robin D Clark, Ariana Kariminejad, Elena V Semina
Anophthalmia and microphthalmia (A/M) are developmental ocular malformations defined as the complete absence or reduction in size of the eye. A/M is a highly heterogeneous disorder with SOX2 and FOXE3 playing major roles in dominant and recessive pedigrees, respectively; however, the majority of cases lack a genetic etiology. We analyzed 28 probands affected with A/M spectrum (without mutations in SOX2/FOXE3) by whole-exome sequencing. Analysis of 83 known A/M factors identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in PAX6, OTX2 and NDP in three patients...
April 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
A Mahdavi Fard, L Pourafkari, N D Nader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Vanessa A van Rahden, Erika Fernandez-Vizarra, Malik Alawi, Kristina Brand, Florence Fellmann, Denise Horn, Massimo Zeviani, Kerstin Kutsche
Microphthalmia with linear skin defects (MLS) syndrome is an X-linked male-lethal disorder also known as MIDAS (microphthalmia, dermal aplasia, and sclerocornea). Additional clinical features include neurological and cardiac abnormalities. MLS syndrome is genetically heterogeneous given that heterozygous mutations in HCCS or COX7B have been identified in MLS-affected females. Both genes encode proteins involved in the structure and function of complexes III and IV, which form the terminal segment of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC)...
April 2, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
Haruna Yoshikawa, Yoko Ikeda, Chie Sotozono, Kazuhiko Mori, Morio Ueno, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) can be used to investigate the appearance of the anterior chamber in infants with congenital corneal opacity. This study investigated the association between the UBM-obtained clinical imaging of anterior chamber morphology and the clinical diagnosis in infants with congenital corneal opacity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study involved 19 eyes of 10 consecutive infants with congenital corneal opacity, 13 eyes with Peters anomaly (PA, 7 cases) and 6 eye with sclerocornea (SC, 3 cases), recruited at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan between September 2001 and January 2009...
January 2015: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
Martina C Herwig, Karin U Loeffler, Ulrich Gembruch, Klaus Kuchelmeister, Annette M Müller
We report anterior segment abnormalities in both eyes of a 33-week-old fetus endorsing the diagnosis of MIDAS (microphthalmia, dermal aplasia, and sclerocornea) syndrome. After abortion, the fetus was examined by a standard pediatric autopsy that included macroscopic and microscopic examination of both eyes. Postmortem findings included craniofacial stigmata (such as hypertelorism, a flat nose and low-set ears) and an agenesis of the corpus callosum. Array comparative genomic hybridization revealed a deletion of the short arm of the X chromosome (region Xp22...
November 2014: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
Elizabeth A Sellars, Katherine A Bosanko, Tiffany Lepard, Adolfo Garnica, Gerald Bradley Schaefer
A newborn presented to genetics with complex skeletal abnormalities, joint contractures, and bilateral corneal clouding with sclerocornea. The patient survived for 8 months before succumbing to respiratory failure. Exome sequencing revealed a compound heterozygous mutation in theB3GALT6gene. Mutations in this gene have been associated with both Ehlers- Danlos syndrome, progeroid type 2 and spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity type 1. These diagnoses encompass the skeletal and joint findings. Our patient expands the phenotype of these diagnoses, as anterior segment eye anomalies have not been described with either syndrome, and he is much more profoundly affected...
June 2014: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Alex Choi, Richard Lao, Paul Ling-Fung Tang, Eunice Wan, Wasima Mayer, Tanya Bardakjian, Gary M Shaw, Pui-Yan Kwok, Adele Schneider, Anne Slavotinek
We used exome sequencing to study a non-consanguineous family with two children who had anterior segment dysgenesis, sclerocornea, microphthalmia, hypotonia and developmental delays. Sanger sequencing verified two Peroxidasin (PXDN) mutations in both sibs--a maternally inherited, nonsense mutation, c.1021C>T predicting p.(Arg341*), and a paternally inherited, 23-basepair deletion causing a frameshift and premature protein truncation, c.2375_2397del23, predicting p.(Leu792Hisfs*67). We re-examined exome data from 20 other patients with structural eye defects and identified two additional PXDN mutations in a sporadic male with bilateral microphthalmia, cataracts and anterior segment dysgenesis--a maternally inherited, frameshift mutation, c...
March 2015: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
David Hui-Kang Ma, Lung-Kung Yeh, Hung-Chi Chen, Anna Marie Chang, Yi-Ju Ho, Shirley H L Chang, Unique Yang
PURPOSE: To understand whether the epithelial phenotype in total sclerocornea is corneal or conjunctival in origin. METHODS: Four cases of total sclerocornea (male:female = 1:3; mean age = 5.4 ± 4.3; 1-11 years old) who received penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) at our hospital between 2008 and 2011 were included. Corneal buttons obtained during PKP were used for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as immunoconfocal microscopy for cytokeratins 3, 12, and 13, goblet cell mucin MUC5AC, connexin 43, stem cell markers p63 and ABCG2, laminin-5, and fibronectin...
2014: Molecular Vision
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