keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intermittent exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344729/sodium-bicarbonate-supplementation-improves-severe-intensity-intermittent-exercise-under-moderate-acute-hypoxic-conditions
#1
Sanjoy K Deb, Lewis A Gough, S Andy Sparks, Lars R McNaughton
Acute moderate hypoxic exposure can substantially impair exercise performance, which occurs with a concurrent exacerbated rise in hydrogen cation (H+) production. The purpose of this study was therefore, to alleviate this acidic stress through sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation and determine the corresponding effects on severe-intensity intermittent exercise performance. Eleven recreationally active individuals participated in this randomised, double-blind, crossover study performed under acute normobaric hypoxic conditions (FiO2% = 14...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338591/association-between-health-status-and-sociodemographic-clinical-and-treatment-disparities-in-the-patient-centered-outcomes-related-to-treatment-practices-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-investigating-trajectories-portrait-registry
#2
Adam M Noyes, J Dawn Abbott, Kensey Gosch, Kim Smolderen, John A Spertus, Omar Hyder, Peter Soukas, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Herbert D Aronow
Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) have impaired functional status and quality of life. However, little is known about which factors are associated with poorer health status at the time of initial presentation for PAD specialty care. Characterization of such features might provide insight into disparities that impact health status in this population. A total of 1258 patients from the United States, the Netherlands and Australia with new or worsened IC were enrolled at their first PAD specialty care visit between June 2011 and December 2015...
January 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332237/acute-acetaminophen-ingestion-improves-performance-and-muscle-activation-during-maximal-intermittent-knee-extensor-exercise
#3
Paul T Morgan, Joanna L Bowtell, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones, Stephen J Bailey
AIM: Acetaminophen is a commonly used medicine for pain relief and emerging evidence suggests that it may improve endurance exercise performance. This study investigated some of the physiological mechanisms by which acute acetaminophen ingestion might blunt muscle fatigue development. METHODS: Thirteen active males completed 60 × 3 s maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) of the knee extensors with each contraction separated by a 2 s passive recovery period...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327573/treating-complex-femoro-popliteal-lesions
#4
Rozemarijn J van der Vijver-Coppen, Yannick W 't Mannetje, Theo P Menting, Jan-Willem Lardenoije, Michel M Reijnen
Peripheral artery disease affects 202 million patients worldwide and may cause disabling intermittent claudication and critical limb ischemia. Next to life style changes, best medical treatment and supervised exercise therapy, it can be necessary to re-vascularise the limb. Treatment of femoro-popliteal lesions poses a challenge and a surgical bypass remains recommended in the guidelines for longer and more complex lesions. Bypass surgery is associated with substantial morbidity and even mortality. Endovascular alternatives are quickly evolving from plain balloon angioplasty to drug-eluting stents, drug-coated balloons, polytetrafluoroethylene covered stents and atherectomy...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327569/combination-of-endovascular-revascularization-and-supervised-exercise-therapy-for-intermittent-claudication-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Sanne Klaphake, Stefan Buettner, Klaas H Ultee, Marie J van Rijn, Sanne E Hoeks, Hence J Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease is a major health concern in the Western world, often treated with endovascular revascularization (EVR) or supervised exercise therapy (SET). In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we assessed the outcomes after combination treatment of EVR and SET, compared with EVR or SET alone. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic search of Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Central and Google Scholar. Only randomized controlled trials comparing combination treatment with EVR or SET only, for patients with intermittent claudication due to femoropopliteal or aortoiliac peripheral artery disease, were included...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324576/intermittent-cooling-during-judo-training-in-a-warm-humid-environment-reduces-autonomic-and-hormonal-impact
#6
Eduardo Carballeira, José Morales, David H Fukuda, María L Granada, Vicente Carratalá-Deval, Alfonso López Díaz de Durana, Jeffrey R Stout
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of superficial cooling on physiological responses while training in a warm, humid environment during an international judo training camp. Sixteen judokas (8 women and 8 men) participated in the experiment. Four high-level women and four men were randomly assigned to wear a cooling vest (vest group, VG) during the recovery periods within a training session (i.e. 8 bouts of 5 min fighting with 5 min rest) and up to 10 min after the session, while the remaining athletes in the control group (CG) trained without the use of any cooling aids...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321682/intermittent-metabolic-switching-neuroplasticity-and-brain-health
#7
REVIEW
Mark P Mattson, Keelin Moehl, Nathaniel Ghena, Maggie Schmaedick, Aiwu Cheng
During evolution, individuals whose brains and bodies functioned well in a fasted state were successful in acquiring food, enabling their survival and reproduction. With fasting and extended exercise, liver glycogen stores are depleted and ketones are produced from adipose-cell-derived fatty acids. This metabolic switch in cellular fuel source is accompanied by cellular and molecular adaptations of neural networks in the brain that enhance their functionality and bolster their resistance to stress, injury and disease...
January 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315892/effects-of-fasted-vs-fed-state-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-metabolism-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Tom P Aird, Robert W Davies, Brian P Carson
The effects of nutrition on exercise metabolism and performance remains an important topic among sports scientists, clinical, and athletic populations. Recently, fasted exercise has garnered interest as a beneficial stimulus which induces superior metabolic adaptations to fed exercise in key peripheral tissues. Conversely, pre-exercise feeding augments exercise performance compared with fasting conditions. Given these seemingly divergent effects on performance and metabolism, an appraisal of the literature is warranted...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311764/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise-efforts
#9
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO3-) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311538/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Francisco Cialdine Frota Carneiro Júnior, Eduardo Nazareno Dos Anjos Carrijo, Samuel Tomaz Araújo, Luis Carlos Uta Nakano, Jorge Eduardo de Amorim, Daniel Guimarães Cacione
BACKGROUND Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) results from an anomalous relationship between the popliteal artery and the myofascial structures of the popliteal fossa. The most common presenting symptoms include intermittent pain in the feet and calves on exercise, resulting in lameness. PAES can lead to popliteal artery thrombosis, stenosis, distal arterial thromboembolism, or arterial aneurysm. The treatment of PAES includes surgical exploration with fasciotomy, myotomy, or sectioning of fibrous band formation, to release the popliteal artery...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300979/high-intensity-exercise-decreases-ip6k1-muscle-content-improves-insulin-sensitivity-si2-in-glucose-intolerant-individuals
#11
Jane Naufahu, Bradley Elliott, Anatoliy Markiv, Petra Dunning-Foreman, Maggie McGrady, David Howard, Peter Watt, Richard W A Mackenzie
Context: Insulin resistance in skeletal muscle contributes to whole body hyperglycaemia and the secondary complications associated with type 2 diabetes. Inositol hexakisphosphate kinase-1 (IP6K1) may inhibit insulin-stimulated glucose transport in this tissue type. Objective: Muscle and plasma IP6K1 were correlated with two-compartment models of glucose control in insulin-resistant hyperinsulimic individuals. Muscle IP6K1 was also compared following two different exercise trials...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287061/the-effects-of-interrupting-prolonged-sitting-with-intermittent-activity-on-appetite-sensations-and-subsequent-food-intake-in-preadolescent-children
#12
Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Molly P O'Sullivan, Matthew R Nagy, Shannon S Block, Leah E Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca E Hasson
BACKGROUND: Short-term and long-term exposure to prolonged sitting is associated with excess food intake and weight gain in children. Interrupting prolonged sitting with low-intensity activity has been shown to not alter hunger, satiety, or food consumption in children, however it is unclear whether interrupting sitting with high-intensity activity will alter appetite regulation in children. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with intermittent activity performed at varying intensities on hunger, satiety, prospective food consumption (PFC), and food intake in preadolescent children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283744/core-temperature-responses-to-cold-water-immersion-recovery-a-pooled-data-analysis
#13
Jessica M Stephens, Ken Sharpe, Christopher Gore, Joanna Miller, Gary J Slater, Nathan Versey, Jeremiah Peiffer, Rob Duffield, Geoffrey M Minett, David Crampton, Alan Dunne, Christopher D Askew, Shona L Halson
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of post-exercise cold water immersion (CWI) protocols compared with control (CON), on the magnitude and time-course of core temperature (Tc) responses. METHODS: Pooled data analyses were used to examine the Tc responses of 157 subjects from previous post-exercise CWI trials in our laboratories. CWI protocols varied with different combinations of temperature, duration, immersion depth and mode (continuous vs intermittent). Tc was examined as a double difference (ΔΔTc), calculated as the change in Tc in CWI condition minus the corresponding change in CON...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278423/exercise-for-intermittent-claudication
#14
REVIEW
Risha Lane, Amy Harwood, Lorna Watson, Gillian C Leng
BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other, more invasive therapies for treatment of leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is the fourth update of a review first published in 1998. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine whether an exercise programme was effective in alleviating symptoms and increasing walking treadmill distances and walking times in people with intermittent claudication. Secondary objectives were to determine whether exercise was effective in preventing deterioration of underlying disease, reducing cardiovascular events, and improving quality of life...
December 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276855/assessing-differences-in-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-respect-to-maturity-status-in-highly-trained-youth-soccer-players
#15
Greg Doncaster, John Iga, Viswanath Unnithan
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine differences in measures of cardiorespiratory fitness and determinants of running economy with respect to maturity status in a group of highly trained youth soccer players. METHODS: A total of 21 highly trained youth soccer players participated in this study. On separate visits, players' peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), running economy at 3 different speeds [8 km·h-1, 80% gaseous exchange threshold (GET), and 95% GET], and pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics were determined...
December 23, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242996/personalized%C3%A2-health-monitoring%C3%A2-system-for-managing-well-being-in-rural-areas
#16
Prema Nedungadi, Akshay Jayakumar, Raghu Raman
Rural India lacks easy access to health practitioners and medical centers, depending instead on community health workers. In these areas, common ailments that are easy to manage with medicines, often lead to medical escalations and even fatalities due to lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis. The introduction of wearable health devices has made it easier to monitor health conditions and to connect doctors and patients in urban areas. However, existing initiatives have not succeeded in providing adequate health monitoring to rural and low-literate patients, as current methods are expensive, require consistent connectivity and expect literate users...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238123/epidemiology-triggers-and-severity-of-childhood-asthma-in-ilesa-nigeria-implications-for-management-and-control
#17
Bankole Peter Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole
Background: Knowledge about childhood asthma in a locality will assist clinicians to adequately manage the condition. This study set out to report the epidemiology, triggers of exacerbation, comorbid conditions, and severity of childhood asthma at a tertiary health facility in Nigeria and the implication of these, in management and symptoms control. Methods: Over a 15-month study period, children (aged <15 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma were consecutively recruited at the pediatric chest clinic of the hospital...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232316/prime-a-novel-low-mass-high-repetition-approach-to-improve-function-in-older-adults
#18
Jason D Allen, Mitch D VanBruggen, Neil M Johannsen, Jennifer L Robbins, Daniel P Credeur, Carl F Pieper, Richard Sloane, Conrad P Earnest, Timothy S Church, Eric Ravussin, William E Kraus, Michael A Welsch
INTRODUCTION: The ability to maintain functional independence in a rapidly aging population results in an increased life expectancy without corresponding increases in health care costs. The accelerated decline in VO2peak after the age of 65 is primarily due to peripheral tissue changes rather than centrally mediated factors. The purpose of this study was to determine if the PRIME (Peripheral Remodeling through Intermittent Muscular Exercise) approach, consisting of a low mass, high repetition/duration skeletal muscle focused training regimen would provide superior functional benefits in participants above 70 years old and at risk for losing functional independence...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232153/respiratory-responses-to-ozone-exposure-the-multicenter-ozone-study-in-older-subjects-moses
#19
Mehrdad Arjomandi, John R Balmes, Mark W Frampton, Philip Bromberg, Paul Stark, Neil E Alexis, David Q Rich, Maria Costantini, Danielle Hollenbeck-Pringle, Nicholas Dagincourt, Milan J Hazucha
RATIONALE: Acute respiratory effects of low-level ozone exposure are not well defined in older adults. OBJECTIVE: The Multicenter Ozone Study in oldEr Subjects (MOSES), although primarily focused on acute cardiovascular effects, provided an opportunity to assess respiratory responses to low concentrations of ozone in older healthy adults. METHODS: We performed a randomized crossover, controlled exposure study of 87 healthy adults (59.9±4...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227474/a-proteolytic-fragment-of-histone-deacetylase-4-protects-the-heart-from-failure-by-regulating-the-hexosamine-biosynthetic-pathway
#20
Lorenz H Lehmann, Zegeye H Jebessa, Michael M Kreusser, Axel Horsch, Tao He, Mariya Kronlage, Matthias Dewenter, Viviana Sramek, Ulrike Oehl, Jutta Krebs-Haupenthal, Albert H von der Lieth, Andrea Schmidt, Qiang Sun, Julia Ritterhoff, Daniel Finke, Mirko Völkers, Andreas Jungmann, Sven W Sauer, Christian Thiel, Alexander Nickel, Michael Kohlhaas, Michaela Schäfer, Carsten Sticht, Christoph Maack, Norbert Gretz, Michael Wagner, Ali El-Armouche, Lars S Maier, Juan E Camacho Londoño, Benjamin Meder, Marc Freichel, Hermann-Josef Gröne, Patrick Most, Oliver J Müller, Stephan Herzig, Eileen E M Furlong, Hugo A Katus, Johannes Backs
The stress-responsive epigenetic repressor histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) regulates cardiac gene expression. Here we show that the levels of an N-terminal proteolytically derived fragment of HDAC4, termed HDAC4-NT, are lower in failing mouse hearts than in healthy control hearts. Virus-mediated transfer of the portion of the Hdac4 gene encoding HDAC4-NT into the mouse myocardium protected the heart from remodeling and failure; this was associated with decreased expression of Nr4a1, which encodes a nuclear orphan receptor, and decreased NR4A1-dependent activation of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP)...
December 11, 2017: Nature Medicine
keyword
keyword
17943
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"