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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151279/detection-of-ctcs-in-cervical-cancer-using-a-conditionally-replicative-adenovirus-targeting-telomerase-positive-cells
#1
Masahiro Takakura, Takeo Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Yasunari Mizumoto, Subaru Myojyo, Rena Yamazaki, Jyunpei Iwadare, Yukiko Bono, Shunsuke Orisaka, Takeshi Obata, Takashi Izuka, Kyosuke Kagami, Kentaro Nakayama, Hideki Hayakawa, Fuminori Sakurai, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi, Yasuo Urata, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Satoru Kyo, Toshiyuki Sasagawa, Hiroshi Fujiwara
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are newly discovered biomarkers of cancers. Although many systems detect CTCs, a gold standard has not yet been established. We analyzed CTCs in uterine cervical cancer patients using an advanced version of conditionally replicative adenovirus targeting telomerase-positive cells, which was enabled to infect coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor-negative cells and to reduce false-positive signals in myeloid cells. Blood samples from cervical cancer patients were hemolyzed and infected with the virus and then labeled with fluorescent anti-CD45 and anti-pan cytokeratin antibodies...
November 19, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149689/an-extended-sequence-specificity-for-uv-induced-dna-damage
#2
Long H Chung, Vincent Murray
The sequence specificity of UV-induced DNA damage was determined with a higher precision and accuracy than previously reported. UV light induces two major damage adducts: cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and pyrimidine(6-4)pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4PPs). Employing capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence and taking advantages of the distinct properties of the CPDs and 6-4PPs, we studied the sequence specificity of UV-induced DNA damage in a purified DNA sequence using two approaches: end-labelling and a polymerase stop/linear amplification assay...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144792/effect-of-blood-collection-tube-type-and-time-to-processing-on-the-enumeration-and-high-content-characterization-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-the-high-definition-single-cell-assay
#3
Mariam Rodríguez-Lee, Anand Kolatkar, Madelyn McCormick, Angel D Dago, Jude Kendall, Nils Anders Carlsson, Kelly Bethel, Emily J Greenspan, Shelley E Hwang, Kathryn R Waitman, Jorge J Nieva, James Hicks, Peter Kuhn
CONTEXT: - As circulating tumor cell (CTC) assays gain clinical relevance, it is essential to address preanalytic variability and to develop standard operating procedures for sample handling in order to successfully implement genomically informed, precision health care. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the effects of blood collection tube (BCT) type and time-to-assay (TTA) on the enumeration and high-content characterization of CTCs by using the high-definition single-cell assay (HD-SCA)...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143247/using-circulating-tumor-cells-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-irreversible-electroporation-for-unresectasble-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Mao Lin, Mohammed Alnaggar, Shu-Zhen Liang, Jian Shi, Li-Zhi Niu, Ji-Bing Chen, Ke-Cheng Xu
We used circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as biomarkers to evaluate the efficacy of pre-irreversible electroporation (IRE) and post-IRE for unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC). Real-time qPCR was used to detect potential biomarker genes in CTCs, and magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) were performed on 43 patients with PC who underwent IRE. Some patients experienced adverse reactions within 30 days of the operation, including arrhythmia (6.9%), intraoperative transient change of blood pressure (25...
November 15, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139486/simple-and-rapid-colorimetric-detection-of-melanoma-circulating-tumor-cells-using-bifunctional-magnetic-nanoparticles
#5
Junrong Li, Jing Wang, Yuling Wang, Matt Trau
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are a promising biomarker for monitoring cancer metastasis and therapy response. However, the rarity and inherent fragility of CTCs pose great challenges for CTC detection. Currently, CTC detection requires advanced instruments that might be inaccessible in most hospitals or labs. To allow simple and rapid CTC detection, we propose a sensor platform that relies only on the intrinsic properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) including rapid separation as well as nanozyme activity...
November 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137887/effects-of-chlortetracycline-on-the-fate-of-multi-antibiotic-resistance-genes-and-the-microbial-community-during-swine-manure-composting
#6
Zhiqiang Chen, Yao Wang, Qinxue Wen
Excessive use of antibiotics in breeding industry leads to accumulation of antibiotic residuals and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in environment from improperly treated livestock excrements. Four commonly used veterinary antibiotics including chlortetracycline (CTC), sulfamerazine (SMZ), enrofloxacin (ENR) and erythromycin (ERY) were monitored in the swine manure composting. Co-resistance and cross-resistance effects among relative ARGs, correlations between ARGs and bacterial community under multiple antibiotics residual during the composting were investigated in this research...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137613/preoperative-t-staging-using-ct-colonography-with-multiplanar-reconstruction-for-very-low-rectal-cancer
#7
Dai Shida, Gen Iinuma, Akira Komono, Hiroki Ochiai, Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Mototaka Miyake, Yukihide Kanemitsu
BACKGROUND: Preoperative T staging of lower rectal cancer is an important criterion for selecting intersphincteric resection (ISR) or abdominoperineal resection (APR) as well as selecting neoadjuvant therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative T staging using CT colonography (CTC) with multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), in which with the newest workstation the images can be analyzed with a slice thickness of 0.5 mm. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2013, 45 consecutive patients with very low rectal adenocarcinoma underwent CTC with MPR...
November 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137306/mmp9-polymorphism-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-non-traumatic-osteonecrosis-of-femoral-head-in-a-chinese-han-population
#8
Yuan Liu, Yanfei Jia, Yuju Cao, Yan Zhao, Jieli Du, Feimeng An, Yuxin Qi, Xue Feng, Tianbo Jin, Jianping Shi, Jianzhong Wang
Non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) is an orthopedic refractory disease with escalating morbidity in Chinese Han population. In our case-control study, we examined eight previously identified MMP9 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 585 non-traumatic ONFH patients and 507 healthy individuals from northern China to determine whether these SNPs associated with the risk of developing non-traumatic ONFH. Genetic model and haplotype analyses were used to evaluate the association between SNPs and non-traumatic ONFH...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134128/a-preliminary-study-for-the-assessment-of-pd-l1-and-pd-l2-on-circulating-tumor-cells-by-microfluidic-based-chipcytometry
#9
Jinkai Teo, Anja Mirenska, Meihui Tan, Yifang Lee, Janice Oh, Lewis Z Hong, Richard Wnek, Yoon-Sim Yap, Shian-Jiun Shih, Ali Asgar S Bhagat, Chih-Liang Chin, David Ag Skibinski
Aim: Expression of PD-L1 in the tumor is associated with more favorable responses to anti-PD-1 therapy in multiple cancers. However, obtaining tumor biopsies for PD-L1 interrogation is an invasive procedure and challenging to assess repeatedly as the disease progresses. Materials & methods: Here we assess an alternative, minimally invasive approach to analyze blood samples for circulating tumor cells (CTCs) that have broken away from the tumor and entered the periphery...
November 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133857/pdgfr-modulated-mir-23b-cluster-and-mir-125a-5p-suppress-lung-tumorigenesis-by-targeting-multiple-components-of-kras-and-nf-kb-pathways
#10
Srivatsava Naidu, Lei Shi, Peter Magee, Justin D Middleton, Alessandro Laganá, Sudhakar Sahoo, Hui Sun Leong, Melanie Galvin, Kristopher Frese, Caroline Dive, Vincenza Guzzardo, Matteo Fassan, Michela Garofalo
In NSCLC alterations in PDGF receptors are markers of worst prognosis and efficient targeting of these receptors is yet to be achieved. In this study, we explored PDGFR-regulated microRNAs demonstrating that miR-23b cluster and miR-125a-5p are downregulated by increased expression of PDGFR-α or PDGFR-β in NSCLC cells. Mechanistically, the expression of these microRNAs is positively regulated by p53 and negatively modulated by NF-kB p65. Forced expression of miR-23b cluster or miR-125a-5p enhanced drug sensitivity and suppressed invasiveness of NSCLC cells by silencing several genes involved in oncogenic KRAS and NF-kB pathways, including SOS1, GRB2, IQGAP1, RALA, RAF-1, IKKβ, AKT2, ERK2 and KRAS itself...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132994/countries-interest-in-a-hepatitis-b-vaccine-licensed-for-the-controlled-temperature-chain-survey-results-from-african-and-western-pacific-regions
#11
Dörte Petit, Carole Tevi-Benissan, Joseph Woodring, Karen Hennessey, Anna-Lea Kahn
Chronic hepatitis B infection can be prevented by hepatitis B vaccine birth dose (hepB-BD) given within 24 h after birth, followed by two hepatitis B vaccinations within the first year of life. Yet nearly half of World Health Organization (WHO) Member States do not provide a hepB-BD. Barriers are primarily attributed to vaccine storage and transportation, as well as high rates of home births. Delivering the vaccine outside the cold chain could potentially increase coverage. To do this, WHO recommends vaccines be licensed for use in a "controlled temperature chain" (CTC), which requires a given product to tolerate temperature excursions up to at least 40 °C for a minimum of three days...
November 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132051/high-purity-capture-of-ctcs-based-on-micro-beads-enhanced-isolation-by-size-of-epithelial-tumor-cells-iset-method
#12
Na Sun, Xinpan Li, Zhili Wang, Yuzhi Li, Renjun Pei
In this paper, we develop a low-cost size-based microfluidic chip using conventional polycarbonate membrane to isolate CTCs from blood, and propose a strategy to increase the capture efficiency before cell filtration by a size enlargement method utilizing modified microbeads specifically binding to CTCs. Up to 91% of target cells were isolated from whole blood samples using our microfluidic capture system at a flow rate of 1mL/min. Moreover, a WBC depletion process is introduced which greatly decreases the WBC retaining on the filter membrane...
November 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128899/a-no-touch-technique-for-pulmonary-wedge-resection-of-lung-cancer
#13
Noriyoshi Sawabata, Takeru Hyakutaka, Takeshi Kawaguchi, Motoaki Yasukawa, Norikazu Kawai, Takashi Tojo, Shigeki Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: Many of the surgical patients with lung cancer die by metastasis originated from circulating tumor cells (CTCs) which are seeds of metastases. A ring-shaped catching forceps, which generates the great pressure by compression, may reduce the risk of tumor cell spreading. Here, we investigated the efficacy of such forceps based on CTC occurrence. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with clinical stage IA lung cancer who underwent a pulmonary wedge resection were investigated in a clinical-pathological manner...
November 11, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122836/multiplex-gene-expression-profiling-of-in-vivo-isolated-circulating-tumor-cells-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-patients
#14
Athina Markou, Marifili Lazaridou, Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos, Shukun Chen, Monika Świerczewska, Joanna Budna, Andra Kuske, Tobias M Gorges, Simon A Joosse, Thomas Kroneis, Maciej Zabel, Peter Sedlmayr, Catherine Alix-Panabières, Klaus Pantel, Evi S Lianidou
BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is important for selecting patients for targeted treatments. We present, for the first time, results on gene expression profiling of CTCs isolated in vivo from high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) patients compared with CTC detected by 3 protein-based assays-CellSearch®, PSA-EPISPOT, and immunofluorescence of CellCollector® in vivo-captured CTCs-using the same blood draw. METHODS: EpCAM-positive CTCs were isolated in vivo using the CellCollector from 108 high-risk PCa patients and 36 healthy volunteers...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115932/prognostic-and-clinicopathological-significance-of-circulating-tumor-cells-detected-by-rt-pcr-in-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#15
Chaogang Yang, Kun Zou, Liang Zheng, Bin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been accepted as a prognostic marker in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC, UICC stage IV). However, the prognostic value of CTCs in patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancer (non-mCRC, UICC stage I-III) still remains in dispute. A meta-analysis was performed to investigate the prognostic significance of CTCs detected by the RT-PCR method in patients diagnosed with non-mCRC patients. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for relevant articles was performed in the EmBase, PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane library and Google Scholar databases...
November 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113414/epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-circulating-tumor-cells-and-cancer-metastasis-mechanisms-and-clinical-applications
#16
REVIEW
Xiao-Xiang Jie, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Cong-Jian Xu
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) endows epithelial cells with enhanced motility and invasiveness, allowing them to participate in many physiological and pathological processes. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition contributes to the generation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in epithelial cancers because it increases tumor cell invasiveness, promotes tumor cell intravasation and ensures tumor cell survival in the peripheral system. Although the contribution of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition to tumor cell invasiveness has been confirmed, the role epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition plays in metastasis remains debated...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110843/frequency-and-clinical-impact-of-preoperative-circulating-tumor-cells-in-resectable-non-metastatic-lung-adenocarcinomas
#17
Nadia Dandachi, Verena Tiran, Joerg Lindenmann, Luka Brcic, Nicole Fink-Neuboeck, Karl Kashofer, Gudrun Absenger, Angelika Bezan, Richard J Cote, Ram Datar, Marija Balic
OBJECTIVES: Despite successful surgery, 30-50% of patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer develop tumor recurrence within 5 years of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we performed CTC enumerations in 40 patients with non-metastatic lung adenocarcinoma (NMLA) using a size-based microfilter. Additionally, cfDNA isolated from plasma was analyzed in 35 out of 40 patients. RESULTS: CTCs were identified in 15 out of 40 patients (37...
November 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108279/size-based-detection-of-sarcoma-circulating-tumor-cells-and-cell-clusters
#18
Masanori Hayashi, Peixuan Zhu, Gregory McCarty, Christian F Meyer, Christine A Pratilas, Adam Levin, Carol D Morris, Catherine M Albert, Kyle W Jackson, Cha-Mei Tang, David M Loeb
Metastatic disease is the most important factor in determining the survival of sarcoma patients. Since sarcoma metastasis is predominantly hematogenous, we hypothesized that detection and quantification of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) could reflect response to therapy and risk of metastatic relapse. We evaluated the presence of CTCs using a novel animal model and in the blood of patients with high grade sarcomas utilizing the CellSieve™ size-based low pressure microfiltration system. Sarcoma CTCs were identified based on antibody staining patterns and nuclear morphology...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105802/circulating-micrornas-and-treatment-response-in-the-phase-ii-swog-s0925-study-for-patients-with-new-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer
#19
Heather H Cheng, Melissa Plets, Hongli Li, Celestia S Higano, Catherine M Tangen, Neeraj Agarwal, Nicholas J Vogelzang, Maha Hussain, Ian M Thompson, Muneesh Tewari, Evan Y Yu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest circulating, blood-based microRNAs (miRNAs) may serve as minimally invasive prostate cancer biomarkers, however there is limited data from prospective clinical trials. Here, we explore the role of candidate plasma miRNAs as potential biomarkers in the SWOG 0925 randomized phase II study of androgen deprivation combined with cixutumumab versus androgen deprivation alone in patients with new metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. METHODS: Correlative biospecimens, including circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and plasma for miRNA analysis, were collected at baseline and after 12 weeks on treatment from 50 patients enrolled on SWOG 0925...
November 6, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102946/circulating-tumor-cells-as-an-auxiliary-diagnostic-tool-in-surgery
#20
Katarina Kolostova, Adam Rzechonek, Jan Schützner, Robert Grill, Robert Lischke, Pavel Hladik, Jan Simonek, Vladimir Bobek
BACKGROUND: In general, the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood (PB) is associated with a relative shorter overall survival in cancer patients. The clinical utility of CTC diagnostics is changing: from prognostic test to an assay predicting therapy response, enabling the right choice of therapy and monitoring the effect of administered therapy. We present two case reports of patients with suspicion of lung and pancreatic cancer, without obtainable preoperative biopsy for histological verification...
November 2017: In Vivo
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