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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453800/coronary-sinus-injury-resulting-from-endarterectomy-during-multivessel-bypass-surgery
#1
Mehmet H Akay, Manish K Patel, Igor D Gregoric
Coronary sinus injury is a very rare complication of cardiac surgery and is usually related to coronary sinus perfusion catheter placement for retrograde cardioplegia infusion. It can be either a catheter-related perforation or high-perfusion pressure-related injury to the coronary sinus. Primary repair of the coronary sinus or over-sewing are two possible options to resolve this complication. Decellularized extracellular matrix from porcine intestinal submucosa is widely used as an approved material for repairing cardiac structures...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449465/application-of-bronchoscope-for-the-placement-of-nasoenteric-feeding-tube-in-patients-with-esophagectomy-a-novel-technique
#2
Hai-Xia Cao, Wei Zhang, Jun Zhang, Xiong-Huai Hua, Jian-Jun Qin, Yin Li
BACKGROUND: Currently the available techniques for the placement of nasoenteric feeding tube (NET), utilizing transnasal gastroscope are fast and tolerable, which is known as the most popular method. However, lots of hospitals don't have this endoscopic system. Bronchoscope, which is the basic respiratory endoscope, not only has the advantages of transnasal endoscopy, but also is popular in common hospitals. We used oxygen instillation as air supply plant of the bronchoscope, which broke its application limitation in digestive tract...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449342/gastrointestinal-gastric-perforation-during-esophageal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-serious-adverse-event-in-a-patient-with-esophageal-stricture
#3
K Hamada, Y Takeuchi, N Matsuura, K Higashino, R Ishihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448049/controlled-release-of-chlorine-dioxide-in-a-perforated-packaging-system-to-extend-the-storage-life-and-improve-the-safety-of-grape-tomatoes
#4
Xiuxiu Sun, Elizabeth Baldwin, Anne Plotto, Jan Narciso, Christopher Ference, Mark Ritenour, Ken Harrison, Joseph Gangemi, Jinhe Bai
A controlled-release chlorine dioxide (ClO2) pouch was developed by sealing a slurry form of ClO2 into semipermeable polymer film; the release properties of the pouch were monitored in containers with or without fruit. The pouch was affixed to the inside of a perforated clamshell containing grape tomatoes, and the effect on microbial population, firmness, and weight loss was evaluated during a 14 day storage period at 20 °C. Within 3 days, the ClO2 concentration in the clamshells reached 3.5 ppm and remained constant until day 10...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446997/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-early-stage-esophageal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Bo Ning, Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Mohamed O Othman
Mortality from esophageal cancer remains high despite advances in medical therapy. Although the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus remains unchanged, the incidence of the esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over time. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD and obesity are contributing factors to the development of Barrett's esophagus and subsequent development of adenocarcinoma. Early recognition of the disease can lead to resection of esophageal cancer prior to the development of lymphovascular invasion...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446977/endoscopic-management-of-esophageal-leaks
#6
REVIEW
Gabie K B Ong, Richard K Freeman
Traditionally, gold standard treatment for an acute esophageal perforation has been operative repair. Over the past two decades, there has been a paradigm shift towards the use of esophageal stents. Recent advances in biomaterial allowed a new generation of stents to be manufactured that combined (I) a non-permeable covering; (II) radial force sufficient to occlude a transmural esophageal injury and (III) improved ease of removability. The amalgamation of these developments set the stage for utilizing esophageal stents as part of the management algorithm of an acute esophageal perforation...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445687/accuracy-of-low-dose-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-childhood-and-comparison-with-usg-and-standard-dose-ct
#7
Dae Yong Yi, Kyung Hoon Lee, Sung Bin Park, Jee Taek Kim, Na Mi Lee, Hyery Kim, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim
OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography should be performed after careful consideration due to radiation hazard, which is why interest in low dose CT has increased recently in acute appendicitis. Previous studies have been performed in adult and adolescents populations, but no studies have reported on the efficacy of using low-dose CT in children younger than 10 years. METHODS: Patients (n=475) younger than 10 years who were examined for acute appendicitis were recruited...
April 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445387/reply-the-concepts-of-propeller-perforator-keystone-and-other-local-flaps-and-their-role-in-the-evolution-of-reconstruction
#8
Michel Saint-Cyr, Anita T Mohan, Yoo Joon Sur, Lin Zhu, Mohamed Morsy, Peter S Wu, Steven L Moran, Samir Mardini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445299/endoscopic-ultrasonography-predicts-early-esophageal-variceal-bleeding-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-case-report
#9
Changjun Men, Guoliang Zhang
RATIONALE: Bleeding esophageal and gastric varices constitute a serious complication in liver cirrhosis. Previous studies have shown that endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be used to predict early esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 46-year-old man with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (CTP score, 5; Child-Pugh class, A) who was admitted to our hospital due to a decreased appetite lasting 1 week. DIAGNOSIS: He was initially diagnosed with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis; an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan indicated a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443188/intestinal-obstruction-induced-by-peach-stone-in-stenosis-of-sigmoid-colon-by-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Argos Soares de Matos Filho, Clarissa Santos Neto, Andreia Souto da Motta, Isabela de Alencar E Lombardi, Ronielly Araújo Rocha
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal obstruction is the second among the most frequent acute abdominal conditions of the non-traumatic surgical pathologies. It is Found in 20% of patients admitted to the emergency care services with acute abdominal pain. It often results in high morbidity and mortality. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a foreign body resulting in a colon obstruction, concomitant with the diagnosis of a sigmoid cancer in a 47-year-old female. DISCUSSION: There are only a few cases of Intestinal Obstruction Induced by Peach Stone in Stenosis of Sigmoid Colon by Adenocarcinoma reported in the world literature...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442944/immunohistochemical-localization-of-translationally-controlled-tumor-protein-in-axon-terminals-of-mouse-hippocampal-neurons
#11
Seong-Yeon Bae, Vadim Sheverdin, Jeehye Maeng, In Kyoon Lyoo, Pyung-Lim Han, Kyunglim Lee
Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is a cytosolic protein with microtubule stabilization and calcium-binding activities. TCTP is expressed in most organs including the nervous system. However, detailed distribution and functional significance of TCTP in the brain remain unexplored. In this study, we investigated the global and subcellular distributions of TCTP in the mouse brain. Immunohistochemical analyses with anti-TCTP revealed that TCTP was widely distributed in almost all regions of the brain including the cerebral cortex, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, and amygdala, wherein it was localized in axon tracts and axon terminals...
April 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442845/perforative-peritonitis-gastrointestinal-tract-may-not-always-be-the-source
#12
Abhay Y Desai, Bhakti Palande, Sangram Dhabolkar, Vishwas D Pai
Perforative peritonitis is the most common surgical emergency in general surgical practice. Gastrointestinal perforation is the etiology in the vast majority of the patients. However, occasionally, other rare causes may be encountered. One such cause of peritonitis is spontaneous perforation of non-gravid uterus. Uterine perforation is a potential complication of any intrauterine procedure and may be associated with injury to surrounding blood vessels or viscera such as the urinary bladder or intestine. Spontaneous uterine perforation is rare and less than 50 cases have been reported in the English literature...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442838/wound-outcome-following-primary-and-delayed-primary-skin-closure-techniques-after-laparotomy-for-non-traumatic-ileal-perforation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Vivek Agrawal, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Ashish Kumar Gupta, Bhupendra Kumar Jain
To study the effect of primary and delayed primary closure of skin incision on wound outcome in patients with non-traumatic ileal perforation, 68 patients of ileal perforation were studied in a prospective randomized clinical trial. Patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were divided into ileostomy and non-ileostomy groups, both of which were then randomized into two subgroups each depending on whether skin was closed primarily or in a delayed primary manner. Wound infection and dehiscence were the main outcome parameters studied...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442835/how-much-reliable-is-alvarado-scoring-system-in-reducing-negative-appendectomy
#14
Mehmet Tahsin Tekeli, Enver Ilhan, Orhan Ureyen, Abdullah Senlikci, Eyup Yeldan, Mucteba Ozturk, Mehmet Akif Ustuner, Ugur Gokcelli, Emrah Dadali, Fevzi Cengiz, Savas Yakan
There is still an ongoing debate, especially regarding early diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Early surgery leads to inadequate evaluation of acute abdominal pain and negative appendectomy, whereas delayed surgery leads to appendicitis perforation complications. The diagnosis of this condition is considerably difficult, especially due to subtle early symptoms and clinical condition. The aim of the present study was to identify whether the Alvarado scoring system could reduce the incidence of negative appendectomy in patients who will undergo surgery for acute appendicitis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442518/the-relationship-of-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-distribution-width-and-duodenal-ulcer-perforation
#15
Zhe Fan, Chengjun Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Duodenal ulcer perforation (DUP) is a severe acute abdominal disease. Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) are two platelet parameters, participating in many inflammatory processes. This study aims to investigate the relation of MPV/PDW and DUP. METHODS: A total of 165 patients were studied retrospectively, including 21 females and 144 males. The study included two groups: 87 normal patients (control group) and 78 duodenal ulcer perforation patients (DUP group)...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442324/the-interactive-role-of-cb1-receptors-and-l-type-calcium-channels-in-hippocampal-long-term-potentiation-in-rats
#16
Hamidreza Komaki, Fargol Saadat, Siamak Shahidi, Abdolrahman Sarihi, Parisa Hasanein, Alireza Komaki
'Long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic responses is a widely researched model of synaptic plasticity that occurs during learning and memory. The cannabinoid system is an endogenous system that modulate this kind of synaptic plasticity. In addition, voltage dependent calcium channels is essential for induction of LTP at some synapses in the hippocampus. However, there is currently debate over the interaction between L-type calcium channels and cannabinoid system on the synaptic plasticity. In this study, we examined the effects of an acute administration of the cannabinoid antagonist AM251 following a chronic administration of the Ca(2+) channel blocker verapamil on LTP induction in the hippocampal dentate gyrus(DG) of rats...
April 22, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441898/novel-route-of-sirolimus-administration-in-a-neonate
#17
Ashley B Clark, Indira Chandrasekar, Jennee Nickleson
A term newborn presented with widespread cutaneous erythematous to bluish lesions since birth. He had extensive lesions in the gastrointestinal tract, brain, retina, heart, and bones. He also developed an intestinal perforation due to erosion of an intestinal lesion. Due to his critical status and clinical presentation, he was initially diagnosed with multifocal lymphangioendotheliomatosis with thrombocytopenia (MLT), and sirolimus treatment was initiated. Sirolimus was given by buccal route in this nonfeeding patient...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441805/-free-medial-thigh-chimeric-myocutaneous-perforator-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-tongue-defect-after-tongue-carcinoma-resection
#18
D J Song, Z Li, X Zhou, Y X Zhang, X W Peng, B Zhou, C L Lyu, W Peng, X Wang, Y Ou
Objective: To investigate the application of free medial thigh chimeric myocutaneous perforator flap in the reconstruction of tongue defect after radical resection of tongue carcinoma. Methods: From June 2013 to November 2015, 17 cases with tongue carcinoma underwent radical resection and tongue and mouth floor defects after surgery were reconstructed with medial thigh chimeric myocutaneous perforator flaps at the same stage. These 17 cases included tongue carcinoma on lingual margin (n=9), ventral tongue (n=7) and mouth floor (n=1)...
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441500/thermoplasmonic-semitransparent-nanohole-electrodes
#19
Daniel Tordera, Dan Zhao, Anton V Volkov, Xavier Crispin, Magnus P Jonsson
Non-radiative decay of plasmons in metallic nanostructures offers unique means for light-to-heat conversion at the nanoscale. Typical thermoplasmonic systems utilize discrete particles, while metal nanohole arrays were instead considered suitable as heat sinks to reduce heating effects. By contrast, we show for the first time that, under uniform broadband illumination (e.g. the sun), ultrathin plasmonic nanohole arrays can be highly competitive plasmonic heaters and provide significantly higher temperatures than analogous nanodisk arrays...
April 25, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441232/atriobronchial-fistula-complicated-by-septic-cerebral-air-emboli-after-pulmonary-vein-ablation
#20
David Velghe, Thomas Apers, Stefanie Devriendt, Ivo Deblier, Bart Hendriks, Rogier Nieuwendijk, Peter Rogiers
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of an infected atriobronchial fistula as a late complication after pulmonary vein ablation, leading to septic air emboli and requiring urgent cardiac surgery. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation. STUDY SELECTION: Case report. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant clinical information. PubMed was searched for relevant literature. DATA SYNTHESIS: Given its high success and low complication rate, pulmonary vein isolation is expected to be increasingly performed worldwide...
April 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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