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Leukocyte rich

Alberto de Castro Pochini, Eliane Antonioli, Daniella Zanetti Bucci, Luiz Roberto Sardinha, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Mario Ferretti, Benno Ejnisman, Anna Carla Goldberg, Moisés Cohen
Objective: To evaluate growth factors and cytokines in samples of platelet-rich plasma obtained by three different centrifugation methods. Methods: Peripheral blood of six individuals with no hematological diseases, aged 18 to 68 years, was drawn to obtain platelet-rich plasma, using the open method and commercial columns by Medtronic and Biomet. The products obtained with the different types of centrifugation were submitted to laboratory analysis, including pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by flow cytometry assays, the concentration of fibroblast growth factors-2 (FGF-2) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1)...
July 2016: Einstein
Noah Fine, Ioannis D Dimitriou, Jacob Rullo, María José Sandí, Björn Petri, Jack Haitsma, Hisham Ibrahim, Jose La Rose, Michael Glogauer, Paul Kubes, Myron Cybulsky, Robert Rottapel
Leukocyte crawling and transendothelial migration (TEM) are potentiated by shear stress caused by blood flow. The mechanism that couples shear stress to migration has not been fully elucidated. We found that mice lacking GEF-H1 (GEF-H1(-/-)), a RhoA-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), displayed limited migration and recruitment of neutrophils into inflamed tissues. GEF-H1(-/-) leukocytes were deficient in in vivo crawling and TEM in the postcapillary venules. We demonstrated that although GEF-H1 deficiency had little impact on the migratory properties of neutrophils under static conditions, shear stress triggered GEF-H1-dependent spreading and crawling of neutrophils and relocalization of GEF-H1 to flotillin-2-rich uropods...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
M İrfan Dönmez, Kubilay İnci, Naciye Dilara Zeybek, H Serkan Doğan, Ali Ergen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the early histological effects of the intravesical instillation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in rabbit models of interstitial and hemorrhagic cystitis. METHODS: Thirty-six rabbits were classified into 6 groups: saline (S), S+PRP, hydrochloric acid (HCl), HCl+PRP, cyclophosphamide (CyP), and CyP+PRP. At 48 hours after induction, PRP was prepared and intravesically administered to the S+PRP, HCl+PRP, and CyP+PRP groups. Bladder sections were stained with toluidine blue for mast cell counting and with hematoxylin and eosin for histopathology and mitotic index determination...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Guo-Hua Jin, Wei Xu, Yang Shi, Li-Bo Wang
Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent cancer, which remains incurable, and therefore requires an alternative treatment method. Celecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that targets cyclooxygenase-2, and exhibits anticancer effects. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-GC mechanism of celecoxib using bioinformatics methods. Gene expression datasets GSE56807 (GC tissues and normal gastric tissues) and GSE54657 (celecoxib-treated and non-treated human GC epithelial AGS cells) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Riku Turkki, Nina Linder, Panu E Kovanen, Teijo Pellinen, Johan Lundin
BACKGROUND: Immune cell infiltration in tumor is an emerging prognostic biomarker in breast cancer. The gold standard for quantification of immune cells in tissue sections is visual assessment through a microscope, which is subjective and semi-quantitative. In this study, we propose and evaluate an approach based on antibody-guided annotation and deep learning to quantify immune cell-rich areas in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained samples. METHODS: Consecutive sections of formalin-fixed parafin-embedded samples obtained from the primary tumor of twenty breast cancer patients were cut and stained with H&E and the pan-leukocyte CD45 antibody...
2016: Journal of Pathology Informatics
Fouzia Bano, Suneale Banerji, Mark Howarth, David G Jackson, Ralf P Richter
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), a category of linear, anionic polysaccharides, are ubiquitous in the extracellular space, and important extrinsic regulators of cell function. Despite the recognized significance of mechanical stimuli in cellular communication, however, only few single molecule methods are currently available to study how monovalent and multivalent GAG·protein bonds respond to directed mechanical forces. Here, we have devised such a method, by combining purpose-designed surfaces that afford immobilization of GAGs and receptors at controlled nanoscale organizations with single molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS)...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Varun Singla, Yatindra K Batra, Neerja Bharti, Vijay G Goni, Neelam Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of steroids to treat sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain, their duration of pain reduction is short. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can potentially enhance tissue healing and may have a longer-lasting effect on pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of PRP compared with methylprednisolone in ultrasound-guided SIJ injection for low back pain. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized open blinded end-point (PROBE) study...
September 27, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Perla Villani Borges, Katelim Hottz Moret, Raghavendra Nulgumnalli Manjunathaiah, Thadeu Estevam Maramaldo Costa, Ana Paula Monteiro, Alan Brito Carneiro, Patrícia Pacheco, Jairo Ramos Temerozo, Dumith Chequer Bou-Habib, Maria das Graças Henriques, Carmen Penido
Activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) triggers an innate immune response, via cytokine production and inflammasome activation. Herein, we have investigated the modulatory effect of the natural limonoid gedunin on TLR activation in vitro and in vivo. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) pre- and post-treatments of C57BL/6 mouse with gedunin impaired the influx of mononuclear cells, eosinophils and neutrophils, as well as the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and nitric oxide (NO), triggered by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mouse pleura...
September 15, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Ying Peng, Yicheng Qi, Fengjiao Huang, Xinxin Chen, Yulin Zhou, Lei Ye, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning, Shu Wang
Resistin, belongs to cysteine-rich secretory protein, is mainly produced by circulating leukocytes, such as neutrophils monocytes and macrophages in humans. To date, few but controversial studies have reported about resistin concentrations in hyperthyroid patients, especially in Graves' disease (GD). We undertaked a controlled, prospective study to explore the serum resistin concentration in GD patients before and after -MMI treatment. In addition, we also investigated the main influencing factor on serum resistin level and discuessed the potential role of serum resistin plays in GD patients...
September 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Shin Foong Ngiow, Arabella Young, Stephen J Blake, Geoffrey R Hill, Hideo Yagita, Michele Wl Teng, Alan J Korman, Mark J Smyth
The durability and efficacy of anti-human PD1 monoclonal antibodies (PD1 mAb) vary across different malignancies. Although an absence of tumor-infiltrating cytotoxic T lymphocytes has been identified as a cause for resistance to PD1 mAb, the presence of intratumor exhausted PD1hi T cells also contributes to insensitivity to this immune checkpoint therapy. In this study, we used mouse tumor models of PD1 mAb resistance that harbored PD1hi T cells and flow cytometry analysis of tumor-infiltrating leukocytes immediately post-therapy as a screening platform to identify agents that could resensitize T cells to PD1 blockade...
September 9, 2016: Cancer Research
Kittichon U-Taynapun, Nion Chirapongsatonkul, Toshiaki Itami, Chutima Tantikitti
Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine CpG dinucleotides within specific sequence contexts (CpG motifs) have been reported as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Its immunostimulatory effects have been demonstrated in diverse vertebrate models. CpG ODN is typically found in bacterial or viral genome and recognized by a non-self recognition receptor Toll-like receptor9 (TLR9). Here, a new CpG ODN 1013 which mimics sequence of SSU rDNA of early eukaryotic organism myxosporidia, Myxobolus supamattayai, was employed to stimulate the immune responses of Asian sea bass Lates calcarifer...
September 11, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Aneta Wrzyszcz, Joanna Urbaniak, Agnieszka Sapa, Mieczysław Woźniak
To date, there has been no ideal method for blood platelet isolation which allows one to obtain a preparation devoid of contaminations, reflecting the activation status and morphological features of circulating platelets. To address these requirements, we have developed a method which combines the continuous density gradient centrifugation with washing from PGI2-supplemented platelet-rich plasma (PRP). We have assessed the degree of erythrocyte and leukocyte contamination, recovery of platelets, morphological features, activation status, and reactivity of isolated platelets...
September 2, 2016: Platelets
Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Richard J Miron, Maria Hernandez, Umadevi Kandalam, Yufeng Zhang, Joseph Choukroun
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the use of leukocyte platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) has gained tremendous momentum in regenerative dentistry as a low-cost fibrin matrix utilized for tissue regeneration. In this study, we characterized how centrifugation speed (G-force) along with centrifugation time influence growth factor release from fibrin clots, as well as the cellular activity of gingival fibroblasts exposed to each PRF matrix. METHODS: Standard L-PRF served as a control (2700rpm-12 minutes)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Eugene Krustev, Milind M Muley, Jason J McDougall
Neurogenic inflammation is a local inflammatory response that is driven by the peripheral release of neuropeptides from small diameter afferents which occurs in many organs including joints. The knee joint has a rich endocannabinoid system which has been shown to decrease acute synovitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of joint afferents on leukocyte-endothelial interactions within the synovial microcirculation of mice and determine the role of endocannabinoids on this inflammatory response...
August 22, 2016: Neuropeptides
Roberta D C da Cunha de Sá, Amanda R Crisma, Maysa M Cruz, Amanda R Martins, Laureane N Masi, Catia L do Amaral, R Curi, Maria I C Alonso-Vale
KEY POINTS: Fish oil (FO), rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, has beneficial effects on changes induced by obesity and partially prevents associated comorbidities. The effects of FO on adipocytes from different adipose tissue depots in high-fat (HF) diet induced obese mice have not been uninvestigated. This is the first study to examine the effects of FO on changes in metabolism and adipokine production in adipocytes from s.c. (inguinal; ING) or visceral (retroperitoneal; RP) white adipose depots in a HF diet-induced obese mice...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Qi Yin, Shijing Fang, Joungjoa Park, Anne L Crews, Indu Parikh, Kenneth B Adler
Intratracheal (IT) instillation of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a well-established model of acute lung injury (ALI) and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Since the myristoylated alanine-rich C Kinase substrate (MARCKS) protein is involved in neutrophil migration and proinflammatory cytokine production, we examined whether an aerosolized peptide that inhibits MARCKS function could attenuate LPS - induced lung injury in mice. The peptide, BIO-11006, was delivered at 50 μM via inhalation either just prior to IT instillation of 5μg of LPS into Balb/C mice, or 4, 12, 24 or 36 hrs after LPS instillation...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Tsai-Jung Lin, Sung-Sen Yang, Kuo-Feng Hua, Yu-Ling Tsai, Shih-Hua Lin, Shuk-Man Ka
Sterile 20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) can stimulate production of proinflammatory cytokines and interact with inflammation-related molecules. However, it has yet to be determined whether SPAK plays a pathophysiological role in the complicated pathological mechanisms of IgA nephropathy (IgAN), which is mainly characterized by mesangial cell (MC) proliferation and is the most common form of glomerulonephritis. In the present study, we examined the pathophysiological role of SPAK in IgAN using a mouse model and cell models...
August 9, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Mario Simental-Mendía, José F Vílchez-Cavazos, Víctor M Peña-Martínez, Salvador Said-Fernández, Jorge Lara-Arias, Herminia Guadalupe Martínez-Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative and progressive articular cartilage disease. Infiltration of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed as a therapeutic alternative due to the content of biologically active cytokines in PRP. We aimed to compare the clinical response of acetaminophen and intra-articular leukocyte-poor PRP (LP-PRP) in early knee OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 patients with clinically and radiographically documented knee OA (grade 1-2) were analyzed...
August 9, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Yohei Kobayashi, Yoshitomo Saita, Hirofumi Nishio, Hiroshi Ikeda, Yuji Takazawa, Masashi Nagao, Tomoiku Takaku, Norio Komatsu, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy has become an increasingly popular treatment for orthopaedics and sports-related injuries, and various clinically available PRP preparation methods exist. However, the differences in PRP quality among numerous preparation methods remain unclear. Specifically, the benefit of including leukocytes in the PRP product remains controversial, and few studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of the interaction between platelets and leukocytes on the growth factor concentrations...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Markus Loibl, Siegmund Lang, Lena-Marie Dendl, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Sebastian Gehmert, Michaela Huber
A positive effect of intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has been discussed for osteoarthritic joint conditions in the last years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PRP injection into the trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint. We report about ten patients with TMC joint osteoarthritis (OA) that were treated with 2 intra-articular PRP injections 4 weeks apart. PRP was produced using the Double Syringe System (Arthrex Inc., Naples, Florida, USA). A total volume of 1.47 ± 0.25 mL PRP was injected at the first injection and 1...
2016: BioMed Research International
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