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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903773/nutritional-quality-of-meals-and-snacks-assessed-by-the-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system-in-relation-to-overall-diet-quality-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-british-adults
#1
Kentaro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Studies examining meal and snack eating behaviors in relation to overall diet and health markers are limited, at least partly because there is no definitive consensus about what constitutes a snack, a meal, or an eating occasion. This cross-sectional study examined how nutritional quality of meals and snacks is associated with overall diet quality, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. METHODS: Based on 7-d weighed dietary record data, all eating occasions were divided into meals or snacks based on time (meals: 0600-1000, 1200-1500, and 1800-2100 h; snacks: others) or contribution to energy intake (EI) (meals: ≥15%; snacks: <15%) in 1451 British adults aged 19-64 years participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
September 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895637/eating-frequency-and-carbohydrate-intake-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-differ-from-those-in-their-peers-and-are-associated-with-glycemic-control
#2
Christina Baechle, Annika Hoyer, Katty Castillo-Reinado, Anna Stahl-Pehe, Oliver Kuss, Reinhard W Holl, Mathilde Kersting, Joachim Rosenbauer
Aim The diet of people with type 1 diabetes may differ from that of healthy peers due to disease-related factors that may affect the course of diabetes. This cross-sectional study sought to compare meal and snacking frequency and corresponding carbohydrate intake among adolescents with intensively-treated type 1 diabetes and healthy peers and to analyze their association with glycemic control among diabetes patients. Methods Nutritional data of 712 11- to <19-year-olds from a nationwide population-based survey on early-onset type 1 diabetes (52...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891723/state-mandated-nutrition-physical-activity-and-screen-time-policies-in-child-care-centers
#3
Catherina Chang-Martinez, Nasar U Ahmed, Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: The child care center (CCC) environment presents opportunities for healthy weight promotion in preschoolers. Our study examined the current state of CCC adherence to nutrition, physical activity, and screen time legislative regulations and the differences in their adherence by center socioeconomic position (SEP: low, middle, high) in Miami-Dade County. METHOD: In 34 CCC, we used the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation tool to evaluate nutrition, physical activity, and screen time practices during 1-school day...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885565/tracking-dietary-patterns-over-20-years-from-childhood-through-adolescence-into-young-adulthood-the-saskatchewan-pediatric-bone-mineral-accrual-study
#4
Elham Z Movassagh, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Saija Kontulainen, Susan J Whiting, Hassanali Vatanparast
Dietary patterns established during adolescence might play a role in adulthood disease. We examined the stability of dietary patterns (DPs) from childhood through adolescence and into young adulthood (from age 8 to 34 years). Data from 130 participants (53 females) of Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study (aged 8-15 years, at baseline) were included. Multiple 24-h recalls were collected annually from 1991 to 1997, 2002 to 2005, and 2010 and 2011. Using principal component analysis, "Vegetarian-style", "Western-like", "High-fat, high-protein", "Mixed", and "Snack" DPs were derived at baseline...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884588/nutritional-assessment-of-snacks-and-beverages-in-southeastern-virginia-daycare-centers
#5
Krisha Nayak, Kristin Hunter, Jeremy Owens, John Harrington
This study sought to determine the nutritional quality of snacks and beverages provided at licensed daycare centers of variable sizes in Southeastern Virginia. This cross-sectional study employed self-report surveys about snack offerings administered at each daycare site that agreed to participate. In addition, researchers completed an observation survey on the day of visit to observe and document the food and beverages actually served at snack time. Although many daycare directors reported serving fresh fruit and vegetables for snacks, there was a poor correlation on the offering of these healthy snacks between researchers and directors ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880222/western-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-the-french-nutrinet-cohort
#6
Camille Buscail, Jean-Marc Sabate, Michel Bouchoucha, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg, Robert Benamouzig, Chantal Julia
Background: Diet appears to play a key role in the pathogenesis of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some dietary patterns (DP) could increase the risk of triggering or worsening IBS symptoms. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between a posteriori derived DP and IBS in a large French population, the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort. Methods: Study population included participants of the NutriNet-Santé study who completed a questionnaire based on Rome III criteria assessing IBS. A principal component analysis (PCA) was performed to identify major DPs based on 29 food groups' consumption...
September 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870473/short-term-effects-of-a-low-glycemic-index-carob-containing-snack-on-energy-intake-satiety-and-glycemic-response-in-normal-weight-healthy-adults-results-from-two-randomized-trials
#7
Emilia Papakonstantinou, Nickolaos Orfanakos, Paul Farajian, Anastasia E Kapetanakou, Ifigenia P Makariti, Nikolaos Grivokostopoulos, Marie-Ann Ha, Panagiotis N Skandamis
OBJECTIVES: The potential positive health effects of carob-containing snacks are largely unknown. Therefore, the aims of these studies were to determine the glycemic index (GI) of a carob snack compared with chocolate cookie containing equal amounts of available carbohydrates and to compare the effects of a carob versus chocolate cookie preload consumed as snack before a meal on (a) short-term satiety response measured by subsequent ad libitum meal intake, (b) subjective satiety as assessed by visual analog scales and (c) postprandial glycemic response...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867766/impact-of-dietary-protein-and-gender-on-food-reinforcement
#8
Shanon L Casperson, James N Roemmich
Recent evidence suggests that increasing dietary protein may alter reward-driven eating behavior. However, the link between protein and food reinforcement is not known. We sought to determine the extent to which increasing dietary protein alters food reinforcement in healthy adults. In a randomized crossover study, 11 women (age = 25 ± 7 years; Body Mass Index (BMI) = 21 ± 2 kg/m²) and 10 men (age = 22 ± 2 years; BMI = 24 ± 2 kg/m²) consumed normal (15%) and high (30%) protein meals. Food reinforcement was assessed using a computer-based choice task (operant responding with concurrent log₂(x) reinforcement schedules) 4 h after lunch...
August 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866613/uses-and-abuses-of-snack-foods-in-child-health
#9
Charlotte M Wright
Snack foods, though regarded as unhealthy, are widely eaten by children, particularly those with eating and feeding difficulties. This article outlines the ways in which paediatricians have traditionally made use of snack foods as incentives and then reviews the key nutritional and practical characteristics of commonly eaten snack foods, to allow practitioners to evaluate their role in the child's diet. Generally savoury snacks are preferable to sweet, while dry foods are preferable to drinks or semiliquid desserts...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851473/quality-of-food-choices-of-brazilian-adolescents-according-to-individual-earnings
#10
Marina Campos Araujo, Diana Barbosa Cunha, Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro, Rosely Sichieri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of food choices according to adolescent individual earnings in Brazil. DESIGN: Adolescents were classified according to their individual earnings as having or not having spending power for their own expenses. Food records from two non-consecutive days of the Brazilian National Dietary Survey (NDS 2008-2009) were used to estimate food intake. Quality of food choices was based on two approaches: (i) the NOVA classification, which classifies processed and ultra-processed foods and drinks as unhealthy food groups; and (ii) traditional classification, with beans, milk, fruits and vegetables as healthy food groups, and soft drinks, sweets, snacks and crackers classified as unhealthy...
August 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846611/high-intensity-exercise-can-it-protect-you-from-a-fast-food-diet
#11
Christian Duval, Marc-Antoine Rouillier, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Antony D Karelis
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of high intensity exercise to counteract the deleterious effects of a fast food diet on the cardiometabolic profile of young healthy men. Fifteen men were subjected to an exclusive fast food diet from a popular fast food restaurant chain (three extra value meals/day + optional snack) for 14 consecutive days. Simultaneously, participants were asked to perform each day high intensity interval training (HIIT) (15 × 60 sec sprint intervals (~90% of maximal heart rate)) on a treadmill...
August 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843034/changing-psychosocial-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-diet-in-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Judith G M Jelsma, Mireille N M van Poppel, Ben J Smith, Nancy Cinnadaio, Adrian Bauman, Linda Tapsell, N Wah Cheung, Hidde P van der Ploeg
AIM: To investigate how a behavioural lifestyle intervention influences psychosocial determinants of physical activity and dietary behaviours in a population at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 59 women with a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m(2) and a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) participated in a randomized controlled study. The intervention group (n=29) received two face-to-face and five telephone lifestyle-counselling sessions with a health professional...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836982/food-consumption-patterns-of-adolescents-aged-14-16%C3%A2-years-in-kolkata-india
#13
Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: The nutrition transition has brought about rapid changes in the structure of the Indian diet. The replacement of traditional home-cooked meals with ready-to-eat, processed foods has contributed to an increased risk of chronic diseases in urban Indians. Improving the nutrition of Indians by promoting healthy food consumption in early life and in adolescence would help to reduce these health risks. However, little is known about the quality and quantity of foods and beverages consumed by urban Indian adolescents...
August 24, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820084/the-effectiveness-of-healthy-meals-at-work-on-reaction-time-mood-and-dietary-intake-a-randomised-cross-over-study-in-daytime-and-shift-workers-at-an-university-hospital
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eva Leedo, Anne Marie Beck, Arne Astrup, Anne D Lassen
Our dietary habits affect both cognitive performance and mood. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of increased availability of healthy meals and water at work on healthcare staff. The study used an 8-week randomised cross-over design. A total of sixty physicians, nurses and nursing assistants, including sixteen working on shifts, were recruited. The participants received a self-selected keyhole-labelled (Nordic nutrition label) lunch, snack and bottled water during each shift throughout the intervention period...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818419/a-school-based-brand-marketing-program-s-adherence-to-federal-nutrition-criteria
#15
Alyssa J Moran, Eric B Rimm, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 gave the U.S. Department of Agriculture authority to regulate school wellness policies, which include nutritional standards for foods advertised in schools. Brand marketing programs, which encourage students to purchase a company's products in exchange for money or rewards, were not explicitly prohibited. This study assesses the nutritional quality of products participating in "Box Tops for Education" ("Box Tops"), one of the largest national brand marketing programs in schools...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#17
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797794/measuring-micro-level-effects-of-a-new-supermarket-do-residents-within-0-5-mile-have-improved-dietary-behaviors
#18
Stephanie Rogus, Jessica Athens, Jonathan Cantor, Brian Elbel
BACKGROUND: Local and national policies to encourage supermarket opening or expansion are popular strategies for improving access to healthy food for residents in neighborhoods lacking these types of stores, yet few evaluations of such initiatives exist. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household availability of healthy and unhealthy food items and reported daily consumption of these items among respondents residing in close proximity (≤0...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796304/healthy-snacks-using-nutrient-profiling-to-evaluate-the-nutrient-density-of-common-snacks-in-the-united-states
#19
Julie M Hess, Joanne L Slavin
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare the nutrient-density of commonly consumed snacks using two nutrient-density measures, Nutrient Rich Foods Indices 9.3 (NRF 9.3) and 15.3 (NRF 15.3). DESIGN: Identify commonly consumed categories of snacks and individual snack foods, calculate NRF 9.3 and 15.3 scores, rank snacks by category and by individual food based on nutrient density, compare and contrast scores generated by the two NRF Indices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: NRF 9...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768611/a-smartphone-app-for-families-with-preschool-aged-children-in-a-public-nutrition-program-prototype-development-and-beta-testing
#20
Pamela Hull, Janice S Emerson, Meghan E Quirk, Juan R Canedo, Jessica L Jones, Violetta Vylegzhanina, Douglas C Schmidt, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Bettina M Beech, Chiquita Briley, Calvin Harris, Baqar A Husaini
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the United States provides free supplemental food and nutrition education to low-income mothers and children under age 5 years. Childhood obesity prevalence is higher among preschool children in the WIC program compared to other children, and WIC improves dietary quality among low-income children. The Children Eating Well (CHEW) smartphone app was developed in English and Spanish for WIC-participating families with preschool-aged children as a home-based intervention to reinforce WIC nutrition education and help prevent childhood obesity...
August 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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