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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766698/eating-behaviours-of-primary-school-pupils-from-%C3%A5-l%C3%A4-skie-malopolskie-and-opolskie-voivodeships-in-poland
#2
Anna Dolipska, Mo Majerczyk, Aleksandra Góra, Karolina Janion, Elżbieta Szczepańska
Background: Nutrition is one of the major environmental factors affecting children’s physical development and health, with nutrition mistakes made in early years of life having short- and long-term health consequences. Objective: This study has been aimed at evaluating eating behaviours of primary school pupils and determining whether there are relationships between pupils’ eating habits and their area of residence. Material and methods: The study was conducted in primary schools located in the following voivodeships (administrative units) in Poland: Śląskie, Opolskie and Małopolskie, on a total sample of 1138 pupils...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766697/the-assessment-of-the-nutritional-value-of-meals-consumed-by-patients-with-recognized-schizophrenia
#3
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Magdalena Lech, Karolina Wilczyńska, Beata Konarzewska, Joanna Zapolska, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: As studies show, changes in diet - so important in the therapy of psychiatric disorders and related to changes in appetite and nutritional preferences, including avoiding of the consumption of specific groups of products and dishes - are much more frequent among patients affected by schizophrenia. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the chosen nutritional habits, including the number and type of meals usually consumed during a day, snacking between meals and the energy value and content of the chosen nutrients in the diets of persons with recognized schizophrenia...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766692/the-influence-of-preschool-children%C3%A2-s-diets-on-the-risk-of-lifestyle-diseases-a-pilot-study
#4
Małgorzata Kostecka
Background: A healthy diet in early life not only contributes to physical and intellectual development, but it can also reduce the risk of disease in adulthood. There is growing evidence to indicate that childhood diets are highly correlated with health in adult years. Eating habits formed in childhood persist in later life. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diets of preschool children aged 3 to 6 years and to identify statistical correlations between dietary factors and the risk of lifestyle diseases...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759105/the-glycaemic-index-and-insulinaemic-index-of-commercially-available-breakfast-and-snack-foods-in-an-asian-population
#5
Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Wei Jie Kevin Tan, Shalini D/O Ponnalagu, Katie Koecher, Ravi Menon, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani J Henry
A low-glycaemic-index (GI) breakfast has been shown to lower blood glucose levels throughout the day. A wide variety of breakfast foods are consumed, but their GI values are largely unknown, hence limiting consumers' ability to select healthier options. This study investigated the GI values of ten common breakfast (five Asian and five Western) foods in this region using a randomised, cross-over study design. Participants arrived after an overnight fast, and fasting blood sample was taken before participants consumed test foods...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755932/family-food-purchases-of-high-and-low-calorie-foods-in-full-service-supermarkets-and-other-food-retailers-by-black-women-in-an-urban-us-setting
#6
Benjamin W Chrisinger, Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Amy E Hillier, Shiriki K Kumanyika
Public health interventions to increase supermarket access assume that shopping in supermarkets is associated with healthier food purchases compared to other store types. To test this assumption, we compared purchasing patterns by store-type for certain higher-calorie, less healthy foods (HCF) and lower-calorie, healthier foods (LCF) in a sample of 35 black women household shoppers in Philadelphia, PA. Data analyzed were from 450 food shopping receipts collected by these shoppers over four-week periods in 2012...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753053/health-warnings-promote-healthier-dietary-decision-making-effects-of-positive-versus-negative-message-framing-and-graphic-versus-text-based-warnings
#7
Daniel H Rosenblatt, Stefan Bode, Helen Dixon, Carsten Murawski, Patrick Summerell, Alyssa Ng, Melanie Wakefield
Food product health warnings have been proposed as a potential obesity prevention strategy. This study examined the effects of text-only and text-and-graphic, negatively and positively framed health warnings on dietary choice behavior. In a 2 × 5 mixed experimental design, 96 participants completed a dietary self-control task. After providing health and taste ratings of snack foods, participants completed a baseline measure of dietary self-control, operationalized as participants' frequency of choosing healthy but not tasty items and rejecting unhealthy yet tasty items to consume at the end of the experiment...
May 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737072/-eating-frequency-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-its-association-with-birth-body-mass-of-neonates-a-birth-cohort-study
#8
Yuan-Yuan Chen, Jun Yin, Yun-Hui Gong, Rong Zhou, Hong Jia, Li-Ming Quan, Li Zhao, Ming Li, Xiao-Hua Lü, Fang He, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of eating frequency (EF) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with birth body mass of neonates. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 578 healthy pregnant women from April to October 2015. Dietary intake and physical activity data per trimester were collected using a questionnaire. Data in relation to gestational body mass,gestational stage and birth body mass of neonates were obtained from clinical records. Multiple logistic regression models were established to test the impacts of EF and GWG on appropriate for gestational age (AGA)...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720214/yoga-s-potential-for-promoting-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviors-among-young-adults-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Allison W Watts, Sarah A Rydell, Marla E Eisenberg, Melissa N Laska, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: A regular yoga practice may have benefits for young adult health, however, there is limited evidence available to guide yoga interventions targeting weight-related health. The present study explored the relationship between participation in yoga, healthy eating behaviors and physical activity among young adults. METHODS: The present mixed-methods study used data collected as part of wave 4 of Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults), a population-based cohort study in Minneapolis-St...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716572/the-association-among-emotions-and-food-choices-in-first-year-college-students-using-mobile-ecological-momentary-assessments
#10
Jessica Ashurst, Irene van Woerden, Genevieve Dunton, Michael Todd, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Pamela Swan, Meg Bruening
BACKGROUND: Studies have examined the associations between emotions and overeating but have only rarely considered associations between emotions and specific food choices. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to use mobile ecological momentary assessments (mEMAs) to examine associations between emotions and food choices among first-year college students living in residence halls. METHODS: Using an intensive repeated-measures design, mEMAs were used to assess concurrent emotions and food choices in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of first-year college students (n = 663)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702032/effect-of-midmorning-puree-snacks-on-subjective-appetite-food-intake-and-glycemic-and-insulin-responses-in-healthy-adults
#11
Qing Guo, Julia Totosy de Zepetnek, Jennifer Chang, Julia Hayden, Stephen J Crozier, Gagan Mongia, Dérick Rousseau, Nick Bellissimo
OBJECTIVE: Dietary pattern changes, as a part of a healthy lifestyle, may improve weight management. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of midmorning puree snacks varying in macronutrient composition and energy content on subjective appetite, food intake, and glycemic and insulin responses in healthy adults. METHOD: In a randomized, repeated measures crossover design, 6 treatments (snack skipping and purees: control [186 kcal], maltodextrin [272 kcal], whey protein [201 kcal], oat [276 kcal], and coconut oil [276 kcal]) were administered to 23 normal weight adults (n = 14 males, n = 9 females)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#12
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#13
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676017/valorization-of-postharvest-discard-of-sweet-cherry-for-the-development-of-dehydrated-fruit-ingredients-compositional-physical-and-mechanical-properties
#14
Lorena Franceschinis, Paula Sette, Daniela Salvatori, Carolina Schebor
BACKGROUND: Sweet cherries are an excellent source of phenolic compounds, which may contribute to a healthy diet. The objective of this work was to generate dehydrated ingredients from postharvest discard of sweet cherries. RESULTS: Four dried ingredients were obtained from discard of fresh sweet cherry (Lapins var.), through the application of an osmotic dehydration pretreatment and freeze- or air-drying. The ingredients showed an important phenolic contribution (2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#15
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660198/food-advertising-on-australian-television-frequency-duration-and-monthly-pattern-of-advertising-from-a-commercial-network-four-channels-for-the-entire-2016
#16
Lisa G Smithers, Dandara G Haag, Benjamin Agnew, John Lynch, Matthew Sorell
AIM: To estimate the frequency, duration and monthly pattern of discretionary food advertising on Australian free-to-air television. METHODS: We logged 30 000 h of television collected in Adelaide during 2016 from one network that has four channels. The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating was used to identify discretionary foods. Data were examined according to all times, to children's peak viewing times (PVTs) and to when C-(children's) rated programmes may be broadcast...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659816/the-relative-price-of-healthy-and-less-healthy-foods-available-in-australian-school-canteens
#17
Natassja Billich, Marijke Adderley, Laura Ford, Isabel Keeton, Claire Palermo, Anna Peeters, Julie Woods, Kathryn Backholer
School canteens have an important role in modelling a healthy food environment. Price is a strong predictor of food and beverage choice. This study compared the relative price of healthy and less healthy lunch and snack items sold within Australian school canteens. A convenience sample of online canteen menus from five Australian states were selected (100 primary and 100 secondary schools). State-specific canteen guidelines were used to classify menu items into 'green' (eat most), 'amber' (select carefully) and 'red' (not recommended in schools)...
April 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616603/snack-food-as-a-modulator-of-human-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#18
Andrea Mendez-Torrijos, Silke Kreitz, Claudiu Ivan, Laura Konerth, Julie Rösch, Monika Pischetsrieder, Gunther Moll, Oliver Kratz, Arnd Dörfler, Stefanie Horndasch, Andreas Hess
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the mechanisms of how snack foods may induce non-homeostatic food intake, we used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), as resting state networks can individually adapt to experience after short time exposures. In addition, we used graph theoretical analysis together with machine learning techniques (support vector machine) to identifying biomarkers that can categorize between high-caloric (potato chips) vs. low-caloric (zucchini) food stimulation...
April 4, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609000/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-stability-over-time-and-associations-with-eating-behaviours-and-body-composition-in-children
#19
Anna Fogel, Keri Mccrickerd, Lisa R Fries, Ai Ting Goh, Phaik Ling Quah, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) has been linked to obesity in adults and children. This study examined the stability of EAH in children between 4.5 and 6 years old, and associations with energy intake and portion selection, as well as cross-sectional and prospective associations with body composition. METHODS: The participants were 158 boys and girls from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort. At ages 4.5 and 6 years old children were provided lunch ad libitum, and immediately afterwards were exposed to palatable snacks to measure energy intake in the absence of hunger...
March 30, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607800/feasibility-and-impact-study-of-a-reward-based-mobile-application-to-improve-adolescents-snacking-habits
#20
Nathalie De Cock, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jolien Vangeel, Melissa Notebaert, Kathleen Beullens, Steven Eggermont, Benedicte Deforche, Lea Maes, Lien Goossens, Sandra Verbeken, Ellen Moens, Leentje Vervoort, Caroline Braet, Lieven Huybregts, Patrick Kolsteren, John Van Camp, Carl Lachat
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents' snacking habits are driven by both explicit reflective and implicit hedonic processes. Hedonic pathways and differences in sensitivity to food rewards in addition to reflective determinants should be considered. The present study evaluated the feasibility and impact of a mobile phone-delivered intervention, incorporating explicit reflective and implicit rewarding strategies, on adolescents' snack intake. DESIGN: Adolescents (n 988; mean age 14·9 (sd 0·70) years, 59·4 % boys) completed a non-randomized clustered controlled trial...
April 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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