Read by QxMD icon Read

Healthy snacks

Alexandra Henteleff, Helena Wall
INTRODUCTION: HANS KAI is a unique health promotion intervention to improve participants' health by focussing on interrelated chronic disease prevention behaviours through peer support and strengthening of social support networks. The study objective was to determine the effectiveness of HANS KAI in an urban Canadian setting. METHODS: We used a mixed methods intervention research design that involved multiple sites from November 2010 to April 2015. Data was obtained from participant surveys as well as in-person interviews at zero, 6, 12 and 24 months...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Samantha B Boots, Marika Tiggemann, Nadia Corsini
The aim of this study was to investigate maternal feeding strategies as prospective predictors of young children's snack intake. Participants were 252 mothers of children aged 3-11 years old who completed questionnaire measures of parent feeding strategies (Restriction and Covert Control) and reported on their child's healthy and unhealthy snack intake at two time points separated by three years. Longitudinal regression models showed no prediction of healthy snack food intake. However, Time 1 parental restrictive feeding predicted greater unhealthy snack intake at Time 2, while Time 1 covert feeding strategies predicted lower unhealthy snack intake at Time 2...
March 10, 2018: Appetite
Ryuji Furihata, Chisato Konno, Masahiro Suzuki, Sakae Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takashi Ohida, Makoto Uchiyama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between unhealthy lifestyles factors and depressive symptoms among the general adult population in Japan. METHOD: Participants were randomly selected from the Japanese general adult population. Data from 2334 people aged 20 years or older were analyzed. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in August and September 2009. Participants completed a face-to-face interview about unhealthy lifestyle factors, including lack of exercise, skipping breakfast, a poorly balanced diet, snacking between meals, insufficient sleep, current smoking, alcohol drinking, and obesity...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Adelais Athanasatou, Aikaterini Kandyliari, Olga Malisova, Alex Pepa, Maria Kapsokefalou
Objective: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate sodium and potassium intake, employing 24 h and spot urine samples and food diaries for seven consecutive days. Methods: For seven consecutive days subjects recorded their food and drink intakes, and recorded and collected all urinations. Food sodium and potassium intake were analyzed in 24- and 6-h intervals from wake-up time. Urine indices were analyzed in first morning, 24- and 6-h intervals samples over the day from wake-up time...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Philip Gehrman, Arjun Sengupta, Elizabeth Harders, Er Ubeydullah, Allan I Pack, Aalim Weljie
Study Objectives: Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Patients with insomnia exhibit hyperarousal in multiple domains, including an elevated metabolic rate, but specific metabolic molecular perturbations are unknown. Furthermore, objective clinical markers of insomnia are not available and current assessment of pathological extent relies on self-report. Here, we provide preliminary evidence that chronic insomnia is remarkably reflected in the periphery through detailed metabolic assessments...
March 7, 2018: Sleep
Lucile Marty, Sophie Nicklaus, Maud Miguet, Stéphanie Chambaron, Sandrine Monnery-Patris
Children identify liking and healthiness of foods as factors influencing their food choices. However, the food decision making process is also influenced by both personal characteristics and food contexts. The present study explored the influence of liking and perceived healthiness of foods in normal- and overweight children's food choices intentions in a pleasure-oriented social eating context and a health-oriented social eating context. Children aged from 6 to 11 years old (n = 63; 34 children who were of normal weight and 29 who were overweight) were asked to select 5 foods among 10, based on food pictures, to make up a snack that would be suitable for their birthday party or a nutrition class...
March 5, 2018: Appetite
Kanita Kunaratnam, Mark Halaki, Li Ming Wen, Louise A Baur, Victoria M Flood
Few studies have investigated the effect of maternal factors on child eating practices. Our study aimed to explore mother-child dietary behaviours and their associations with socio-demographic factors. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from control participants (n 243) in the Healthy Beginnings Trial, which involved first-time mothers and their 2-year-old children. Mother-child dietary behaviours were assessed using short dietary questions (short FFQ) and their associations with socio-demographic factors were examined using binary logistic regression...
February 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Andi Camden, Jennifer Levy, Kate Bassil, Loren Vanderlinden, Olanna White Barnett, Leia M Minaker, Kate Mulligan, Monica Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Assess the consumer nutrition environment in midsize to large supermarkets by supermarket type and area-level socioeconomic variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census of 257 supermarkets using the Toronto Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores. SETTING: Toronto, Canada. VARIABLES MEASURED: Availability; price and linear shelf space of fruits and vegetables vs energy-dense snack foods by supermarket type; after-tax, low-income measure; and neighborhood improvement area...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Hongrui Jiang, Navam S Hettiararchchy, Ronny Horax
Sorghum is a gluten-free grain and more attention has been given to the nutritional properties and recently its usage as a wheat replacement in food products. In the present work, protein-enriched sorghum based snack chips, prepared from sorghum meal with soy protein isolates and soy flour to meet the final protein content of 35.7%, were produced. The effect of varying baking powder (1.5-2.5%), dough sheet thickness (0.7-1.7 mm), and baking time (6-12 min) on the physical properties of the snack chips was investigated using a central composite design of response surface methodology...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mohammad G Saklayen
Metabolic syndrome, variously known also as syndrome X, insulin resistance, etc., is defined by WHO as a pathologic condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Though there is some variation in the definition by other health care organization, the differences are minor. With the successful conquest of communicable infectious diseases in most of the world, this new non-communicable disease (NCD) has become the major health hazard of modern world. Though it started in the Western world, with the spread of the Western lifestyle across the globe, it has become now a truly global problem...
February 26, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
Sónia Gonçalves, Rita Ferreira, Eva M Conceição, Cátia Silva, Paulo P P Machado, Emma Boyland, Ana Vaz
OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether a cartoon show with healthy eating messages positively affected children's food choices and food preferences. DESIGN: Experimental between-subjects design. SETTING: Four elementary schools in Portugal were investigated. PARTICIPANTS: Children (aged 4-8 years; n = 142) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: a comparison group (n = 73) was exposed to cartoons with no reference to food and an intervention group (n = 69) was exposed to cartoons with healthy eating messages...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
John C Peters, Ryan Marker, Zhaoxing Pan, Jeanne Anne Breen, James O Hill
Reducing sugar intake is a major public health goal but many consumers are reluctant to use low calorie sweeteners. Two studies were conducted in healthy adults aged 18 to 65 to investigate whether addition of culinary spices to foods reduced in sugar could preserve hedonic liking. Test foods, black tea, oatmeal, and apple crisp, were prepared in full sugar (FS), reduced sugar (RS), and reduced sugar with spice (RSS) versions. Sugar reductions were 100%, 35%, and 37% for tea, oatmeal, and apple crisp, respectively...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Food Science
A Williams, N de Vlieger, M Young, M E Jensen, T L Burrows, P J Morgan, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined dietary intake changes following a weight loss intervention in fathers and the association between father-child dietary intakes. The present study aimed to: (i) evaluate the change in dietary intake in overweight fathers randomised to a family-based lifestyle intervention [Healthy Dads Healthy Kids (HDHK)] versus controls and (ii) investigate whether an association exists between father-child dietary intakes. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of father-child baseline and 3-month post-intervention data (n = 93) collected in the HDHK community randomised controlled trial...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
S M Mason, N J Santaularia, J M Berge, N Larson, D Neumark-Sztainer
Childhood maltreatment is consistently associated with adult obesity, leading to calls for tailored weight interventions for people with maltreatment histories. However, it is possible that the maltreatment-obesity association is spurious and driven by unmeasured confounding, in which case such interventions would be misplaced. The home food environment in childhood is a potential confounder, but its role in the association of maltreatment with obesity has not been examined. We used a longitudinal dataset (Project EAT) to examine the association of adult retrospective reports of maltreatment history in childhood (1+ types of maltreatment before age 18 years) with previously-collected prospective childhood reports of home food environment characteristics (availability of healthy foods, availability of sweet/salty snack food, family meal frequency, and food insufficiency)...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Sandra N Slagter, Eva Corpeleijn, Melanie M van der Klauw, Anna Sijtsma, Linda G Swart-Busscher, Corine W M Perenboom, Jeanne H M de Vries, Edith J M Feskens, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Daan Kromhout, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk
BACKGROUND: Diversity in the reported prevalence of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), suggests that modifiable factors may be at play. We evaluated differences in dietary patterns and physical activity between MHO and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 9270 obese individuals (30-69 years) of the Lifelines Cohort Study was used. MHO was defined as obesity and no metabolic syndrome risk factors and no cardiovascular disease history...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Christine H Emilien, Yong Zhu, Walter H Hsu, Patricia Williamson, James H Hollis
OBJECTIVES: This crossover study investigated the effect of consuming a beverage that contains soluble fiber dextrin (SFD) on appetite and food intake in adults to test the hypothesis that beverages that contain 10 or 20 g of fiber from SFD would be more satiating than the control beverage. METHODS: Forty-one participants consumed lunch with a beverage that contained 0 g, 10 g, or 20 g of fiber from SFD. Appetite questionnaires were completed and blood samples collected immediately before lunch and at regular intervals over the following 150 min...
March 2018: Nutrition
Johanna Klement, Britta Kubera, Jonas Eggeling, Christin Rädel, Christin Wagner, Soyoung Q Park, Achim Peters
BACKGROUND: Delay discounting as a measure of impulsivity has been shown to be higher in obesity with an association of increased food intake. Moreover, obese humans showed a higher wanting for high-calorie food than lean men when blood glucose concentrations were low. First studies linking blood glucose levels to delay discounting yielded mixed results. We hypothesized that obese people - in comparison to lean men - have a relative lack of energy, especially when blood glucose levels are low, that results in higher levels of delay discounting, food intake and hormonal counterregulation...
January 23, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu, Qing Ye, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Xin Hong, Xiangyu Hou
Literature showed that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) could increase the risk of developing hypertension in school students, but there is no reported evidence from China yet, so this study aims to investigate the association of the SSBs consumption and school students' hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among primary and junior high school students selected from 32 primary schools and 16 junior high schools using a multi-stage random sampling method, with a total number of 10,091 participants involved...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Rohde Jeanett Friis, Bohman Benjamin, Berglind Daniel, M Hansson Lena, Frederiksen Peder, Mortensen Erik Lykke, Heitmann Berit Lilienthal, Rasmussen Finn
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
Weiwen Chai, Jessie X Fan, Ming Wen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests the important role of the home food environment in an individual's dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of individual and neighborhood-level factors with the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods in the home using a nationally representative sample from the 2007 to 2008 and 2009 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used with NHANES merged with the 2000 census data...
January 27, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"