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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712165/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-multicomponent-intervention-on-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#1
Nattapon Chawla, Alessio Panza, Chutima Sirikulchayanonta, Ramesh Kumar, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a major public health issue today. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing in both adults and children. Childhood obesity in Thailand has more than doubled since the 1960s and a recent study reported that overweight and obesity in Thais is the 5th highest in Asia. The present study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a life-skills, multicomponent, school-based intervention on child nutritional status. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-groups (control and intervention schools) on 453 students attending grade levels 4-5 in Bangkok...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704419/a-pilot-feeding-study-for-adults-with-asthma-the-healthy-eating-better-breathing-trial
#2
Emily P Brigham, Elizabeth C Matsui, Lawrence J Appel, Deborah A Bull, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Shuyan Zhai, Karen White, Jeanne B Charleston, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Meredith C McCormack
RATIONALE: Evidence from observational studies and to a lesser extent clinical trials suggest that a healthy diet may improve symptoms and lung function in patients with asthma. We conducted a pilot study to determine the feasibility of conducting a larger scale dietary trial and to provide preliminary evidence on the impact of a healthy diet on asthma outcomes. METHODS: In a randomized, two period cross-over trial, participants with asthma received a 4-week dietary intervention followed by a usual diet (or vice versa), separated by a 4-week washout...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701389/meal-frequency-and-timing-are-associated-with-changes-in-body-mass-index-in-adventist-health-study-2
#3
Hana Kahleova, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary E Fraser
Background: Scientific evidence for the optimal number, timing, and size of meals is lacking.Objective: We investigated the relation between meal frequency and timing and changes in body mass index (BMI) in the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2), a relatively healthy North American cohort.Methods: The analysis used data from 50,660 adult members aged ≥30 y of Seventh-day Adventist churches in the United States and Canada (mean ± SD follow-up: 7.42 ± 1.23 y). The number of meals per day, length of overnight fast, consumption of breakfast, and timing of the largest meal were exposure variables...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701300/duodenal-and-ileal-glucose-infusions-differentially-alter-gastrointestinal-peptides-appetite-response-and-food-intake-a-tube-feeding-study
#4
Sally D Poppitt, Hyun Sang Shin, Anne-Thea McGill, Stephanie C Budgett, Kim Lo, Malcolm Pahl, Janice Duxfield, Mark Lane, John R Ingram
Background: Activation of the ileal brake through the delivery of nutrients into the distal small intestine to promote satiety and suppress food intake provides a new target for weight loss. Evidence is limited, with support from naso-ileal lipid infusion studies.Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate whether glucose infused into the duodenum and ileum differentially alters appetite response, food intake, and secretion of satiety-related gastrointestinal peptides.Design: Fourteen healthy male participants were randomly assigned to a blinded 4-treatment crossover, with each treatment of single-day duration...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695324/the-effect-of-almonds-on-vitamin-e-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Hana Jung, C-Y Oliver Chen, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Ho-Kyung Kwak
PURPOSE: Almonds have shown to beneficially modify some cardiovascular risk factors in clinical trials conducted in diverse ethnic populations but this relationship has never been tested in Koreans. Thus, we tested the impact of almonds consumed as a snack within the context of a typical Korean diet on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, crossover trial in a free-living setting with a 2-week run-in period, two 4-week intervention phases, and a 2-week washout period between interventions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691541/effects-of-hazelnuts-and-cocoa-on-vascular-reactivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-study
#6
Michela Adamo, Antonio Maria Labate, Anna Ferrulli, Concetta Macrì, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Cocoa helps maintain endothelium-dependent vasodilation; consumption of hazelnuts has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This study assesses the effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity and metabolic profile. Sixty-one healthy volunteers, examined in a randomised, controlled, two-week intervention, received one of six breakfast integrations containing either hazelnuts, cocoa, both or none. Consumption of unpeeled hazelnuts improved HDL-cholesterol (+7.3%, p = .01 vs. baseline, p = ...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688822/visual-food-cues-decrease-postprandial-glucose-concentrations-in-lean-and-obese-men-without-affecting-food-intake-and-related-endocrine-parameters
#7
Swantje Brede, Annika Sputh, Ann-Christin Hartmann, Manfred Hallschmid, Hendrik Lehnert, Johanna Klement
The abundance of highly palatable food items in our environment represents a possible cause of overconsumption. Neuroimaging studies in humans have demonstrated that watching pictures of food increases activation in brain areas involved in homeostatic and hedonic food cue processing. Nevertheless, the impact of food cues on actual food intake and metabolic parameters has not been systematically investigated. We tested the hypothesis that watching high-calorie food cues increases food intake and modifies anticipatory blood parameters in lean and especially in obese men...
July 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676132/consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-body-fat-during-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#8
Caroline Santos Costa, Bianca Del-Ponte, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Iná Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and body fat during childhood and adolescence. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and LILACS databases. Studies that evaluated the association between consumption of ultra-processed food (exposure) and body fat (outcome) during childhood and adolescence were eligible. SUBJECTS: Healthy children and adolescents...
July 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671637/factors-affecting-dietary-practices-in-a-mississippi-african-american-community
#9
Monique White, Clifton Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Frances Henderson, Dorothy McGill, Marinelle Payton, Donna Antoine-LaVigne
This study examined the practices, personal motivation, and barriers of African American communities in Mississippi regarding their dietary practices. We selected the Metro Jackson Area comprised of Hinds, Madison and Rankin Counties because it is a combination of urban and rural communities. The sample consisted of 70 participants from seven sites. A total of seven focus groups responded to six questions to assess practices, personal motivation, and barriers to dietary practices: (1) Where in your community can you access fresh fruits and vegetables? (2) How many meals a day should a person eat? (3) What would you consider to be a healthy breakfast, lunch and dinner? (4) What would you consider to be a healthy snack? (5) What do you consider to be your motivations for eating healthy? (6) What do you consider to be your barriers to eating healthy? Each of the seven focus groups consisted of 6 to 12 participants and provided details of their dietary practices...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647384/impulsivity-moderates-the-effect-of-approach-bias-modification-on-healthy-food-consumption
#10
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The study aimed to modify approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and to determine its effect on subsequent food consumption. In addition, we investigated the potential moderating role of impulsivity in the effect of approach bias re-training on food consumption. Participants were 200 undergraduate women (17-26 years) who were randomly allocated to one of five conditions of an approach-avoidance task varying in the training of an approach bias for healthy food, unhealthy food, and non-food cues in a single session of 10 min...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646832/diet-for-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#11
Diana Wasiluk, Lucyna Ostrowska, Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Janke, Grażyna Jurkowska
Background: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most frequent digestive system diseases, of various medical signs. It is assumed that proper life style, including appropriate, rational diet is a factor helpful for treating such a disorder. Objective: The purpose of this paper was to assess the selected dietary habits, and to evaluate the nutritional value of daily food rations for patients with a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Material and Methods: The questionnaire survey involved a group of 32 women suffering from a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (The Rome III Diagnostic Criteria were used to diagnose the disease)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638812/how-canola-and-sunflower-oils-affect-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-parameters-of-participants-with-dyslipidemia
#12
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#13
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634777/healthy-and-unhealthy-food-prices-across-neighborhoods-and-their-association-with-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-proportion-black-hispanic
#14
David M Kern, Amy H Auchincloss, Lucy F Robinson, Mark F Stehr, Genevieve Pham-Kanter
This paper evaluates variation in food prices within and between neighborhoods to improve our understanding of access to healthy foods in urbanized areas and potential economic incentives and barriers to consuming a higher-quality diet. Prices of a selection of healthier foods (dairy, fruit juice, and frozen vegetables) and unhealthy foods (soda, sweets, and salty snacks) were obtained from 1953 supermarkets across the USA during 2009-2012 and were linked to census block group socio-demographics. Analyses evaluated associations between neighborhood SES and proportion Black/Hispanic and the prices of healthier and unhealthy foods, and the relative price of healthier foods compared with unhealthy foods (healthy-to-unhealthy price ratio)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#15
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#16
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#17
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616873/do-childcare-menus-meet-nutrition-guidelines-quantity-variety-and-quality-of-food-provided-in-new-zealand-early-childhood-education-services
#18
Sarah Gerritsen, Brianna Dean, Susan M B Morton, Clare R Wall
OBJECTIVE: To describe food provision and evaluate menus in New Zealand childcare services, determining associations with service characteristics and/or cost of menu. METHODS: Licensed services in three regions of New Zealand participated in an online survey, uploading a weekly menu where applicable. Menus were scored for compliance with guidelines on quantity, variety and quality of foods served. Bivariate and multivariate associations between menu score and service characteristics were analysed...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616707/customer-characteristics-and-shopping-patterns-associated-with-healthy-and-unhealthy-purchases-at-small-and-non-traditional-food-stores
#19
Kathleen M Lenk, Caitlin E Caspi, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
Small and non-traditional food stores (e.g., corner stores) are often the most accessible source of food for residents of lower income urban neighborhoods in the U.S. Although healthy options are often limited at these stores, little is known about customers who purchase healthy, versus less healthy, foods/beverages in these venues. We conducted 661 customer intercept interviews at 105 stores (corner stores, gas marts, pharmacies, dollar stores) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota, assessing all food and beverage items purchased...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613270/a-socio-ecological-examination-of-weight-related-characteristics-of-the-home-environment-and-lifestyles-of-households-with-young-children
#20
Virginia Quick, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
Home environment and family lifestyle practices have an influence on child obesity risk, thereby making it critical to systematically examine these factors. Thus, parents (n = 489) of preschool children completed a cross-sectional online survey which was the baseline data collection conducted, before randomization, in the HomeStyles program. The survey comprehensively assessed these factors using a socio-ecological approach, incorporating intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental measures. Healthy intrapersonal dietary behaviors identified were parent and child intakes of recommended amounts of 100% juice and low intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
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