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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448455/snacking-quality-is-associated-with-secondary-school-academic-achievement-and-the-intention-to-enroll-in-higher-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescents-from-santiago-chile
#1
Paulina Correa-Burrows, Yanina Rodríguez, Estela Blanco, Sheila Gahagan, Raquel Burrows
Although numerous studies have approached the effects of exposure to a Western diet (WD) on academic outcomes, very few have focused on foods consumed during snack times. We explored whether there is a link between nutritious snacking habits and academic achievement in high school (HS) students from Santiago, Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 678 adolescents. The nutritional quality of snacks consumed by 16-year-old was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The academic outcomes measured were HS grade point average (GPA), the likelihood of HS completion, and the likelihood of taking college entrance exams...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442455/use-of-fitness-and-nutrition-apps-associations-with-body-mass-index-snacking-and-drinking-habits-in-adolescents
#2
Nathalie De Cock, Jolien Vangeel, Carl Lachat, Kathleen Beullens, Leentje Vervoort, Lien Goossens, Lea Maes, Benedicte Deforche, Stefaan De Henauw, Caroline Braet, Steven Eggermont, Patrick Kolsteren, John Van Camp, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve snacking and drinking habits are needed to promote a healthy body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Although commercial fitness and nutrition mobile phone apps are widely used, little is known regarding their potential to improve health behaviors, especially in adolescents. In addition, evidence on the mechanisms through which such fitness and nutrition apps influence behavior is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether the use of commercial fitness or nutrition apps was associated with a lower BMI and healthier snacking and drinking habits in adolescents...
April 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441947/indicators-of-the-relative-availability-of-healthy-versus-unhealthy-foods-in-supermarkets-a-validation-study
#3
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Tara Mackenzie, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: In-store availability of healthy and unhealthy foods may influence consumer purchases. Methods used to measure food availability, however, vary widely. A simple, valid, and reliable indicator to collect comparable data on in-store food availability is needed. METHODS: Cumulative linear shelf length of and variety within 22 healthy and 28 unhealthy food groups, determined based on a comparison of three nutrient profiling systems, were measured in 15 New Zealand supermarkets...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438548/promoting-toddlers-vegetable-consumption-through-interactive-reading-and-puppetry
#4
Simone M de Droog, Roselinde van Nee, Mieke Govers, Moniek Buijzen
Picture books with characters that promote healthy eating are increasingly being used to make this behavior more attractive. The first aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of vegetable-promoting picture books on toddlers' vegetable consumption differed according to the reading style and the use of a hand puppet during reading. The second aim was to investigate whether these effects were mediated by toddlers' narrative involvement and character imitation. In a 2 (reading style: interactive vs...
April 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435784/school-food-environment-quality-and-advertisement-frequency-of-child-oriented-packaged-products-within-walking-distance-of-public-schools
#5
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433774/the-role-of-compensatory-health-beliefs-in-eating-behavior-change-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Melanie A Amrein, Pamela Rackow, Jennifer Inauen, Theda Radtke, Urte Scholz
Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs), defined as beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated for by engaging in another healthy behavior, are assumed to hinder health behavior change. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of CHBs for two distinct eating behaviors (increased fruit and vegetable consumption and eating fewer unhealthy snacks) with a mixed method approach. Participants (N = 232, mean age = 27.3 years, 76.3% women) were randomly assigned to a fruit and vegetable or an unhealthy snack condition...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#7
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413923/knowledge-of-healthy-foods-does-not-translate-to-healthy-snack-consumption-among-exercise-science-undergraduates
#8
Laura H McArthur, Antonette Valentino, Donald Holbert
This cross-sectional survey study compared the on- and off-campus snack choices and related correlates of convenience samples of exercise science (ES) ( n = 165, M = 45%, F = 55%) and non-exercise science (NES) ( n =160, M = 43%, F = 57%) undergraduates. The hypothesis posed was that knowledge of healthy foods will not translate to healthier snack consumption by the ES students, and that the snack choices and related correlates of ES and NES students will be similar. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires completed in classrooms (ES sample) and at high-traffic locations on-campus (NES sample)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#9
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407627/determining-factors-and-critical-periods-in-the-formation-of-eating-habits-results-from-the-habeat-project
#10
Sylvie Issanchou
BACKGROUND: Eating habits form early during childhood and are likely to track until the beginning of adulthood. Thus, understanding the formation of eating habits is important. Consequently, the population targeted in the European project Habeat comprised infants and young children up to 6 years of age. SUMMARY: Habeat mainly focused on the qualitative dimension of eating habits with a particular attention on vegetables and to a lesser extent on fruit. Food intake of young children was also studied in 2 challenging situations where overeating may occur and the relation between children's behaviour and feeding parental practices was examined...
April 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399881/the-influence-of-parental-practices-on-child-promotive-and-preventive-food-consumption-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Andrew Z H Yee, May O Lwin, Shirley S Ho
BACKGROUND: The family is an important social context where children learn and adopt eating behaviors. Specifically, parents play the role of health promoters, role models, and educators in the lives of children, influencing their food cognitions and choices. This study attempts to systematically review empirical studies examining the influence of parents on child food consumption behavior in two contexts: one promotive in nature (e.g., healthy food), and the other preventive in nature (e...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392423/how-fat-will-it-make-me-estimation-of-weight-gain-in-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Gabriella Milos, Volker Baur, Sonja Schumacher, Cornelia Kuenzli, Ulrich Schnyder, Christoph Mueller-Pfeiffer, Chantal Martin-Soelch
This study investigates the subjective estimation of weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) when being confronted with food cues both in a general (self-unrelated) and in an intent-to-eat (self-related) condition. Looking at the presentation of different snack pictures with different nutrition values (high-low calories), AN patients (N = 24) and age-matched healthy women (N = 27) estimated the weight gain when they imagined eating the presented portions of snack pictures once a day in addition to the normal daily nutrition in the following two conditions: 1) a general condition without specific additional instruction, 2) an intent-to-eat condition, in which they were instructed to imagine that they would eat the snack themselves...
April 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389137/sugar-perceived-healthfulness-and-satiety-when-does-a-sugary-preload-lead-people-to-eat-more
#13
Naomi Mandel, Daniel Brannon
In this research, we examine the interplay between physiological and psychological factors that determine whether the sugar level of a preload increases or decreases consumption on a subsequent snack-eating task. In study 1, participants who drank a high-sugar protein shake (which they believed to be healthy) consumed more subsequent snacks than participants who drank a low-sugar protein shake. Study 2 replicated these findings, but only when the shake was labeled as "healthy." When the shake was labeled as "indulgent," the effect was mitigated...
April 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385348/the-association-between-changes-in-lifestyle-behaviors-and-the-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-middle-aged-and-older%C3%A2-men
#14
Ryoma Michishita, Takuro Matsuda, Shotaro Kawakami, Satoshi Tanaka, Akira Kiyonaga, Hiroaki Tanaka, Natsumi Morito, Yasuki Higaki
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate whether changes in lifestyle behaviors are correlated with the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: The subjects consisted of 316 men without a history of cardiovascular disease, stroke, or renal dysfunction or dialysis treatment. The following lifestyle behaviors were evaluated using a standardized self-administered questionnaire: habitual moderate exercise, daily physical activity, walking speed, eating speed, late-night dinner, bedtime snacking, skipping breakfast, and drinking and smoking habits...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382893/adding-a-reward-increases-the-reinforcing-value-of-fruit
#15
Nathalie De Cock, Leentje Vervoort, Patrick Kolsteren, Lieven Huybregts, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jolien Vangeel, Melissa Notebaert, Kathleen Beullens, Lien Goossens, Lea Maes, Benedicte Deforche, Caroline Braet, Steven Eggermont, John Van Camp, Carl Lachat
Adolescents' snack choices could be altered by increasing the reinforcing value (RV) of healthy snacks compared with unhealthy snacks. This study assessed whether the RV of fruit increased by linking it to a reward and if this increased RV was comparable with the RV of unhealthy snacks alone. Moderation effects of sex, hunger, BMI z-scores and sensitivity to reward were also explored. The RV of snacks was assessed in a sample of 165 adolescents (15·1 (sd 1·5) years, 39·4 % boys and 17·4 % overweight) using a computerised food reinforcement task...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#16
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380124/geographic-and-socioeconomic-distribution-of-food-vendors-a-case-study-of-a-municipality-in-the-southern-brazil
#17
Elizabeth Nappi Correa, Cristina Maria Proença Padez, Ângelo Horta de Abreu, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
The objective of this study was to identify the food vendor distribution profile of the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and investigate its association with the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of different municipal regions. This descriptive, cross-sectional study obtained the location of food vendors from secondary data from different institutional sources. The density of different types of food vendors per 1,000 inhabitants in each municipal weighted area was calculated...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376846/trial-baseline-characteristics-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-located-obesity-prevention-programme-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial
#18
Jenny Lloyd, Siobhan Creanor, Lisa Price, Charles Abraham, Sarah Dean, Colin Green, Melvyn Hillsdon, Virginia Pearson, Rod S Taylor, Richard Tomlinson, Stuart Logan, Alison Hurst, Emma Ryan, Wendy Daurge, Katrina Wyatt
BACKGROUND: We have developed a healthy lifestyles programme (HeLP) for primary school aged children (9-10 years), currently being evaluated in a definitive cluster randomised controlled trial. This paper descriptively presents the baseline characteristics of trial children (BMI, waist circumference, % body fat, diet and physical activity) by gender, cluster level socio-economic status, school size and time of recruitment into the trial. METHODS: Schools were recruited from across the South West of England and allocated 1:1 to either intervention (HeLP) or control (usual practice) stratified by the proportion of children eligible for free school meals (FSM, <19%, ≥19%) and school size (one Year 5 class, >1 Year 5 class)...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376732/changes-in-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-habits-from-pre-pregnancy-to-early-pregnancy-among-norwegian-women
#19
Marianne Skreden, Elling Bere, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Nina C Øverby
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet is important for pregnancy outcome and the current and future health of woman and child. The aims of the study were to explore the changes from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy in consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV), and to describe associations with maternal educational level, body mass index (BMI) and age. METHODS: Healthy nulliparous women were included in the Norwegian Fit for Delivery (NFFD) trial from September 2009 to February 2013, recruited from eight antenatal clinics in southern Norway...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375186/evaluation-of-the-eat-better-feel-better-cooking-programme-to-tackle-barriers-to-healthy-eating
#20
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Elizabeth Hammond, Alison Parrett, Anne Gebbie-Diben
We evaluated a 6-week community-based cooking programme, "Eat Better Feel Better", aimed at tackling barriers to cooking and healthy eating using a single-group repeated measures design. 117 participants enrolled, 62 completed baseline and post-intervention questionnaires, and 17 completed these and a 3-4 months follow-up questionnaire. Most participants were female, >45 years, and socioeconomically deprived. Confidence constructs changed positively from baseline to post-intervention (medians, scale 1 "not confident" to 7 "very confident"): "cooking using raw ingredients" (4, 6 p < 0...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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