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Healthy snacks

Chris Emmerson, Bev John, Susan Faulkner, Deborah Lancastle, Gareth Roderique-Davies
Background: Homeless adults frequently experience poor nutrition. Research suggests raising self-efficacy and nutritional knowledge can increase healthy eating but that the choice of specific behavioral change techniques (BCTs) is also critical. This study investigated how BCTs, operationalized to increase nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy, might influence the choice of homeless adults when presented with a "healthy" and an "unhealthy" snack. Methods: A total of 125 homeless adults were randomly allocated to watch 1 of 4 brief films: "control," "[nutrition] information only," "self-efficacy" (aimed at increasing self-efficacy and general healthy eating knowledge), and "enhanced self-efficacy" (as "self-efficacy," but the presenter identified themselves as a homeless adult)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Ellen van Kleef, Karen Seijdell, Monique H Vingerhoeds, René A de Wijk, Hans C M van Trijp
Consumer choices are often influenced by the default option presented. This study examines the effect of whole wheat bread as a default option in a sandwich choice situation. Whole wheat bread consists of 100% whole grain and is healthier than other bread types that are commonly consumed, such as brown or white bread. A pilot survey (N = 291) examined the strength of combinations of toppings and bread type as carrier to select stimuli for the main study. In the main experimental study consisting of a two (bread type) by two (topping type) between-subjects design, participants (N = 226) were given a free sandwich at a university stand with either a relatively unhealthy deep-fried snack (croquette) or a healthy topping...
November 15, 2017: Appetite
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Daniela Díaz-Aravena, Nibaldo Castro-Garrido, Luis Sandoval-Muñoz, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Antonio López-Fuenzalida, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Samuel Durán-Aguero
INTRODUCTION: Programs focused on active aging do not always have actions to guide the elderly about healthy eating. Therefore, the concordance between the feeding habits and the morphological characteristics of this population group is little known. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the anthropometric health indexes with the frequency of food consumption in physically active elderly (PAE). METHODS: The sample consisted of 307 physically active Chilean elders of both sexes (8...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M Yannakoulia, C A Anastasiou, K Zachari, M Sidiropoulou, P Katsaounou, R Tenta
The effect of smoking on energy balance and the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of the present study is to examine the acute effect of smoking and its abstinence on energy intake, subjective feelings of appetite and related hormones. Fourteen healthy smokers participated in a randomized, crossover study consisting of two trials: the Cigarette trial (participants smoked two cigarettes of their brand within 15min) and the Sham trial (they were asked to hold the cigarette as smoking, but without lighting it)...
November 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Stephanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Hassan Vatanparast, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Anne Leis, Natalie Carrier
OBJECTIVES: Childcare centres (CCs) typically offer one meal and snacks daily. This study compared what is served in CCs with what the nutritional recommendations are; described and compared the nutritional composition of lunches served in CCs in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan; and examined differences between French and English, and urban and rural centres. METHODS: The study involved 61 randomly selected CCs in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan, Canada. Lunch content was measured on two consecutive days by weighing each food item served to children and by visually documenting the food items using digital photography...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Georgianna Mann
In 2014, the national Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards placed regulations on all snack foods sold in schools. Many food companies reformulated common snack food products for sale in schools, called "copycat snacks", which look similar to nutritionally different foods sold in stores. It is possible that these snacks create consumer confusion among students. The purpose of this study was to determine if middle school students could differentiate, in taste and appearance, between school (copycat) and store versions of common snacks...
October 28, 2017: Appetite
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter
Good nutritional knowledge and behaviour among adolescents is important to avoid health problems that can continue into adulthood. This cross-sectional study aimed to provide baseline data on nutritional knowledge and eating habits of adolescents in Sharjah. Data were collected from 300 adolescents aged 9-13 years attending 4 private schools using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Most students (86%) had poor nutritional knowledge, especially in key areas: nutritional terms, what constitutes healthy snacks and foods, daily nutritional requirements and components of food (e...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Cristina Julian, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Maria Luisa Miguel-Berges, Luis Alberto Moreno
INTRODUCTION: There are increasing concerns about the types of foods and beverages consumed by children during mid-afternoon snack in Spain. AIM: To describe the frequency and quality of the mid-afternoon snack in a representative sample of Spanish children. METHODS: A total of 1,233 younger (three to six years) and 1,618 older (seven to twelve years) children participated in the study. The report of food and beverages consumed per week during the mid-afternoon snack meal (merienda)was obtained by an online platform...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jason M Thomas, Colin T Dourish, Jeremy Tomlinson, Zaki Hassan-Smith, Peter C Hansen, Suzanne Higgs
RATIONALE: Brain 5-HT2C receptors form part of a neural network that controls eating behaviour. 5-HT2C receptor agonists decrease food intake by activating proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, but recent research in rodents has suggested that 5-HT2C receptor agonists may also act via dopaminergic circuitry to reduce the rewarding value of food and other reinforcers. No mechanistic studies on the effects of 5-HT2C agonists on food intake in humans have been conducted to date...
October 28, 2017: Psychopharmacology
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, John Worobey, Nobuko Hongu, Virginia Quick
The purpose of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of participation in the HomeStyles intervention vs an attention control condition on the weight-related aspects of the home environment and lifestyle behavioral practices of families with preschool children. Parents of preschool children (n=489) were systematically randomized to experimental or attention control group after completing the baseline survey. Baseline and post surveys comprehensively assessed study outcomes using a socio-ecological approach incorporating valid, reliable intrapersonal (e...
October 24, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
J L Harris, K S Haraghey, M Lodolce, N L Semenza
BACKGROUND: Food companies often use healthy lifestyle messages in child-directed advertising, raising public health concerns about health halo effects for nutrient-poor food/drinks. OBJECTIVE: Examine effects of health messages promoting nutrient-poor foods in child-directed advertising. METHODS: Randomized controlled experiment (N = 138). Children (7-11 years) viewed three child-friendly commercials in one of three conditions: (1) health halo (unfamiliar nutrient-poor food/drink ads with healthy messages); (2) nutrient-poor food/drink ads with other messages and (3) healthy food/drink ads...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
Jonathan L Kwong, Don A Klinger, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: To derive a contemporary series of composite indicators of adolescent risk-taking, inspired by the US CDC Framework and Problem Behaviour Theory. METHODS: Factor analyses were performed on 28-risk behaviours in a nationally representative sample of 30,096 Grades 6-10 students from the 2014 Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. RESULTS: Three composite indicators emerged from our analysis: (1) Overt Risk-Taking (i...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Vanessa DeClercq, Yunsong Cui, Cynthia Forbes, Scott A Grandy, Melanie Keats, Louise Parker, Ellen Sweeney, Zhijie Michael Yu, Trevor J B Dummer
The aim of this study was to examine diet quality among participants in the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow's Health (PATH) cohort and to assess the association with adiposity. Data were collected from participants (n = 23,768) aged 35-69 years that were residents of the Atlantic Canadian provinces. Both measured and self-reported data were used to examine adiposity (including body mass index (BMI), abdominal obesity, waist-to-hip ratio and fat mass) and food frequency questionnaires were used to assess diet quality...
October 21, 2017: Nutrients
Meagan L Pharis, Lisa Colby, Amanda Wagner, Giridhar Mallya
OBJECTIVE: We examined outcomes following the implementation of employer-wide vending standards, designed to increase healthy snack and beverage options, on the proportion of healthy v. less healthy sales, sales volume and revenue for snack and beverage vending machines. DESIGN: A single-arm evaluation of a policy utilizing monthly sales volume and revenue data provided by the contracted vendor during baseline, machine conversion and post-conversion time periods...
October 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Niyantri Ravindran, Nancy L McElwain, Daniel Berry, Laurie Kramer
Given that maternal support promotes healthy social and emotional development in early childhood, it is important to understand the predictors of such support, especially during emotional challenges. In this study, mothers' dispositional distress reactivity (i.e., the tendency toward experiencing distress in response to children's negative emotions and behavior) was assessed as a predictor of maternal support in a given moment when children showed within-person fluctuations in aversive behavior (i.e., negative affect and disruptive behaviors) in concurrent and prior moments...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
Stefanie Kasten, Liesbeth van Osch, Sander Matthijs Eggers, Hein de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Sufficient fruit consumption is beneficial for a healthy live. While many Dutch adults intent to eat the recommended amount of fruit, only 5-10% of the population actually adheres to the recommendation. One mechanism that can help to narrow this gap between intention and actual fruit consumption is action planning. However, action planning is only assumed to be effective if plans are enacted. This study assessed which action plans are made and enacted, and further aimed to investigate two main hypotheses: 1...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
Chelsea R Singleton, Yu Li, Ana Clara Duran, Shannon N Zenk, Angela Odoms-Young, Lisa M Powell
Food deserts are a major public health concern. This study aimed to assess food and beverage availability in four underserved communities eligible to receive funding from the Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI). Data analyzed are part of a quasi-experimental study evaluating the impact of the HFFI on the retail food environment in selected Illinois communities. In 2015, 127 small grocery and limited service stores located in the four selected communities were audited. All communities had a large percentage of low-income and African-American residents...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Brigitte Naderer, Jörg Matthes, Alice Binder, Franziska Marquart, Mira Mayrhofer, Agnes Obereder, Ines Spielvogel
Research on media induced food choices of children has not sufficiently investigated whether food placements of snacks high in nutritional value can strengthen children's healthy eating behavior. Furthermore, we lack knowledge about the moderating role of children's individual characteristics such as parental food-related mediation or BMI. The current study combines data from an experiment involving children with a survey of their parents. We exposed children to a cartoon either containing no food placements, placements of mandarins (i...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
Regina Belski, Kiera Staley, Stephen Keenan, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Alex Donaldson, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Stacey O'Neil, Matthew Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels. METHODS: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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