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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530617/-principles-of-urinary-tract-reconstructive-surgery
#1
Juan Gomez Rivas, Jesús Cisneros Ledo
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years, the role of laparoscopic surgery has progressively increased to include reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and management of ureteral stricture, in addition to being a field in continuous development, this refers to the improvement of ergonomics, new instruments and new techniques. We present a review on basic features of laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in urology. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: For this review, an exhaustive literature search was performed in PUBMED, MEDILNE, BioMed central and others, with the keywords: reconstructive surgery, urology, laparoscopy...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#2
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526032/multiplex-dnase-free-one-step-reverse-transcription-pcr-for-plasmodium-18s-rrna-and-spliced-gametocyte-specific-mrnas
#4
Amelia E Hanron, Zachary P Billman, Annette M Seilie, Tayla M Olsen, Matthew Fishbaugher, Ming Chang, Thomas Rueckle, Nicole Andenmatten, Bryan Greenhouse, Emmanuel Arinaitwe, John Rek, Smita Das, Gonzalo J Domingo, Kelly Shipman, Stefan H Kappe, James G Kublin, Sean C Murphy
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium gametocytes are sexual stages transmitted to female Anopheles mosquitoes. While Plasmodium parasites can be differentiated microscopically on Giemsa-stained blood smears, molecular methods are increasingly used because of their increased sensitivity. Molecular detection of gametocytes requires methods that discriminate between asexual and sexual stage parasites. Commonly tested gametocyte-specific mRNAs are pfs25 and pfs230 detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525351/association-study-of-lin28b-in-girls-with-precocious-puberty
#5
Yen-Chun Chen, Li-Min Chen, Hung-Hsun Lin, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Mei-Chyn Chao, Hui-Pin Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Central precocious puberty (CPP), predominant in girls, is defined by early development of secondary sexual characteristics driven by the early secretion of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and subsequent gonadotropin. Recent studies have shown variation in the LIN28B gene is associated with timing of puberty, but only a few have show it to be associated with CPP. METHODS: This study attempted to investigate the relation between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LIN28B and girls with precocious puberty...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#6
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523259/effect-of-group-counseling-on-quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-in-hamadan-iran
#7
Parisa Parsa, Roya Ahmainia Tabesh, Farzaneh Soltani, Manoochehr Karami
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling on quality of life (QOL) in postmenopausal women conducted in Hamadan, Iran in 2015. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 80 postmenopausal women were randomly selected and allocated to case and control groups (40 per group). Data collection tool included questionnaires of demographic information and QOL during menopause, which were completed by the samples before the intervention. In the case group, training program was run during four sessions in the form of weekly consulting sessions for 45 to 60 minutes...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523258/sexual-self-concept-and-its-relationship-to-depression-stress-and-anxiety-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi, Hossein Rafiei
OBJECTIVES: Women in menopause have the more mood swings than before menopause. At the same time seem to sexual self-concept and sexual aspects of self-knowledge has a great impact on their mental health. This study aimed to investigate the sexual self-concept and its relationship to depression, stress and anxiety in postmenopausal women's. METHODS: In this descriptive correlation research, 300 of postmenopausal women referred to healthcare and medical treatment centers in Abadeh city were selected by convenience sampling method...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521722/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-syphilis-infections-among-military-personnel-in-sierra-leone
#9
Djeneba Audrey Djibo, Foday Sahr, J Allen McCutchan, Sonia Jain, Maria Rosario G Araneta, Stephanie K Brodine, Richard A Shaffer
CONTEXT: HIV and syphilis infections are common in military personnel in sub-Saharan Africa, which impact combat preparedness and increase demands on the military health care system. The prevalence of HIV is estimated at 1.5% among the general population (15-49 years of age) of Sierra Leone, and the estimated syphilis prevalence ranged from 1.5% to 5.2% based on regional studies. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for these two common sexually transmitted infections in the Sierra Leone military personnel...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520775/sex-differences-in-neuromuscular-androgen-receptor-expression-and-sociosexual-behavior-in-a-sex-changing-fish
#10
Eric R Schuppe, Devaleena S Pradhan, Kevin Thonkulpitak, Cathleen Drilling, Michael Black, Matthew S Grober
Androgen signaling, via receptor binding, is critical for regulating the physiological and morphological foundations of male-typical reproductive behavior in vertebrates. Muscles essential for male courtship behavior and copulation are highly sensitive to androgens. Differences in the distribution and density of the androgen receptor (AR) are important for maintaining dimorphic musculature and thus may provide for anatomical identification of sexually selected traits. In Lythrypnus dalli, a bi-directional hermaphroditic teleost fish, both sexes produce agonistic approach displays, but reproductive behavior is sexually dimorphic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516837/help-seeking-behavior-among-moroccan-romanian-and-ecuadorian-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#11
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra
This study aims to identify different types of response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and help-related seeking behavior among Spain's most numerous immigrant groups- Moroccans, Romanians, and Ecuadorians. Women reporting physical, sexual and/or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner (n = 194) were selected from a cross-sectional study based on 1,607 surveys (2011). There are 84% of surveyed battered women who reported seeking help through informal and/or formal channels. The most frequently reported informal help-seeking behavior was talking with the abusive partner (from 63% to 83%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516806/is-bisphenol-a-exposure-associated-with-the-development-of-glucose-intolerance-and-increased-insulin-resistance-in-thais
#12
La-Or Chailurkit, Pechngam Tengpraettanakorn, Suwannee Chanprasertyotin, Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul
Bisphenol A (BPA), the monomeric component of polycarbonate plastics, reportedly possesses endocrine-disrupting effects. Exposure to low levels of BPA during more vulnerable periods leads to abnormalities related to sexual development in experimental animals. Moreover, recently a few epidemiological studies in Caucasians have demonstrated the association of BPA exposure with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, in the present study we examined the association of BPA exposure and abnormal glucose tolerance in Thais. This is a cross-sectional study of 240 participants aged at least 50 years, randomly selected by computer-generated random numbers within each glucose tolerance status from an oral glucose tolerance study of 661 participants...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515895/disruptive-natural-selection-predicts-divergence-between-the-sexes-during-adaptive-radiation
#13
Stephen P De Lisle, Locke Rowe
Evolution of sexual dimorphism in ecologically relevant traits, for example, via resource competition between the sexes, is traditionally envisioned to stall the progress of adaptive radiation. An alternative view is that evolution of ecological sexual dimorphism could in fact play an important positive role by facilitating sex-specific adaptation. How competition-driven disruptive selection, ecological sexual dimorphism, and speciation interact during real adaptive radiations is thus a critical and open empirical question...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515889/phenotypic-plasticity-in-female-mate-choice-behavior-is-mediated-by-an-interaction-of-direct-and-indirect-genetic-effects-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#14
David C S Filice, Tristan A F Long
Female mate choice is a complex decision-making process that involves many context-dependent factors. In Drosophila melanogaster, a model species for the study of sexual selection, indirect genetic effects (IGEs) of general social interactions can influence female mate choice behaviors, but the potential impacts of IGEs associated with mating experiences are poorly understood. Here, we examined whether the IGEs associated with a previous mating experience had an effect on subsequent female mate choice behaviors and quantified the degree of additive genetic variation associated with this effect...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515879/sexual-signals-reflect-telomere-dynamics-in-a-wild-bird
#15
Conor Claverie Taff, Corey R Freeman-Gallant
Telomere dynamics in natural populations have been linked to survival, reproduction, and energetic investment. Given their putative role in mediating life-history trade-offs, telomeres are also a likely candidate for maintaining honesty in sexually selected signals; few studies to date, however, have demonstrated a correlation between sexual signals and telomere dynamics. Here, we show that plumage coloration in male common yellowthroats (Geothlypis trichas) is correlated with both relative telomere length and with the rate of telomere loss between years...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#16
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513586/hundreds-of-dual-stage-antimalarial-molecules-discovered-by-a-functional-gametocyte-screen
#17
Celia Miguel-Blanco, Irene Molina, Ana I Bardera, Beatriz Díaz, Laura de Las Heras, Sonia Lozano, Carolina González, Janneth Rodrigues, Michael J Delves, Andrea Ruecker, Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Sara Viera, María S Martínez-Martínez, Esther Fernández, Jake Baum, Robert E Sinden, Esperanza Herreros
Plasmodium falciparum stage V gametocytes are responsible for parasite transmission, and drugs targeting this stage are needed to support malaria elimination. We here screen the Tres Cantos Antimalarial Set (TCAMS) using the previously developed P. falciparum female gametocyte activation assay (Pf FGAA), which assesses stage V female gametocyte viability and functionality using Pfs25 expression. We identify over 400 compounds with activities <2 μM, chemically classified into 57 clusters and 33 singletons...
May 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513283/molecular-characterisation-of-australian-isolates-of-puccinia-graminis-f-sp-tritici-supports-long-term-clonality-but-also-reveals-cryptic-genetic-variation
#18
Jianping Zhang, Peng Zhang, Haydar Karaoglu, Robert F Park
Long term surveys of pathogenicity in Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) in Australia have implicated mutation as a major source of virulence, at times leading to the demise of stem rust resistant wheat cultivars and substantial yield losses. Since 1925, these surveys have identified at least four occasions on which exotic isolates of Pgt appeared in Australia, with each acting as a founding isolate that gave rise sequentially to derivative pathotypes via presumed single step mutation. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between virulence and molecular patterns using SSR markers on selected isolates of Pgt collected in Australia during a 52 year period in order to propose an evolutionary pathway...
May 17, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513067/interventions-for-cutaneous-molluscum-contagiosum
#19
REVIEW
Johannes C van der Wouden, Renske van der Sande, Emma J Kruithof, Annet Sollie, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Sander Koning
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection that is caused by a pox virus and occurs mainly in children. The infection usually resolves within months in people without immune deficiency, but treatment may be preferred for social and cosmetic reasons or to avoid spreading the infection. A clear evidence base supporting the various treatments is lacking.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006, and updated previously in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of specific treatments and management strategies, including waiting for natural resolution, for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in people without immune deficiency...
May 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#20
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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