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Nathan Redlich, Anthony M Robinson, Kwangok P Nickel, Andrew P Stein, Deric L Wheeler, Douglas R Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri, Randall J Kimple, Brian A Van Tine, Loren S Michel
ErbB3 has been widely implicated in treatment resistance, but its role as a primary treatment target is less clear. Canonically ErbB3 requires EGFR or ErbB2 for activation, whereas these two established treatment targets are thought to signal independently of ErbB3. In this study, we show that ErbB3 is essential for tumor growth of treatment-naive HNSCC patient-derived xenografts. This ErbB3 dependency occurs via ErbB3-mediated control of EGFR activation and HIF1α stabilization, which require ErbB3 and its ligand neuregulin-1...
January 5, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Peng Xu, Yang Zhao, Kang Liu, Shuai Lin, Xinghan Liu, Meng Wang, Pengtao Yang, Tian Tian, Yu-Yao Zhu, Zhijun Dai
Introduction: Trophoblast cell surface antigen 2 (TROP2) has been linked to disease prognosis in various human cancers and plays a critical role in tumor development, progression, and metastasis. A number of relevant studies have been published on this topic. A meta-analysis of the latest literature to evaluate the value of TROP2 as a predictive prognosticator of cancer was performed. Methods: Several online databases were searched, and relevant articles were retrieved...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
Joon Seog Kong, Hyeon Jin Kim, Min-Jung Kim, Areumnuri Kim, Dalnim Lee, Kanghee Han, Sunhoo Park, Jae Soo Koh, Jae Kyung Myung
BACKGROUND: Trophoblast antigen 2 (TROP2) is a human trophoblast cell-surface glycoprotein that is overexpressed in several types of epithelial cancers, and is suggested to be associated with an unfavorable prognosis. BRAF mutations are the most common genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We evaluated the correlation between TROP2 expression and BRAF mutation in PTC. METHODS: First, we carried out pyrosequencing for BRAF mutations and immunohistochemistry for TROP2 expression with a tissue microarray consisting of 52 PTC cases...
January 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Maira P Campos, Gottfried E Konecny
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) represent a promising new class of cancer therapeutics. Currently more than 60 ADCs are in clinical development, however, only very few trials focus on gynecologic malignancies. In this review, we summarize the most recent advances in ADC drug development with an emphasis on how this progress relates to patients diagnosed with gynecologic malignancies and breast cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: The cytotoxic payloads of the majority of the ADCs that are currently in clinical trials for gynecologic malignancies or breast cancer are auristatins (MMAE, MMAF), maytansinoids (DM1, DM4), calicheamicin, pyrrolobenzodiazepines and SN-38...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Soyoung Son, Sol Shin, N Vijayakameswara Rao, Wooram Um, Jueun Jeon, Hyewon Ko, V G Deepagan, Seunglee Kwon, Jun Young Lee, Jae Hyung Park
Trop2, a transmembrane glycoprotein, has emerged as a biomarker for targeted cancer therapy since it is overexpressed in 80% of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. For the site-specific delivery of the anticancer drug into TNBC, anti-Trop2 antibody-conjugated nanoparticles (ST-NPs) were prepared as the potential nanocarrier, composed of carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) derivatives with bioreducible disulfide bonds. Owing to its amphiphilicity, the CMD derivatives were self-assembled into nano-sized particles in an aqueous condition...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bin Wu, Chunli Yu, Bin Zhou, Tingting Huang, Lei Gao, Tao Liu, Xingsheng Yang
Human trophoblastic cell-surface marker, tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TROP2), is a newly identified marker that has a vital role in the proliferation and invasion of various tumors. However, its specific function in ovarian cancer has not been researched. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of TROP2 in the formation of ovarian cancer and its possible mechanism. TROP2 was knocked down by small interfering (si)RNA in ovarian cancer cell line, A2780. The expression of TROP2 protein following transfection was detected by western blot analysis...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hongyu Guan, Zejun Guo, Weiwei Liang, Hai Li, Guohong Wei, Lijuan Xu, Haipeng Xiao, Yanbing Li
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence has showed that Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (Trop2) is upregulated in various kinds of human cancers and plays important roles in tumorigenesis. However, the expression status and functional significance of Trop2 in thyroid cancer are largely unknown. METHODS: We first determined the expression of Trop2 by using RNAseqV2 data sets for thyroid cancer deposited on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) website. The expression of Trop2 was then confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry assays...
July 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
Sheena Sahota, Linda T Vahdat
Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer, patients with metastatic cancer have limited therapeutic options after initial lines of therapy. Understanding tumor biology has translated into the identification of actionable targets that resulted in therapeutics. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) are capitalizing on this explosion of scientific information. ADCs allow an antibody to a unique target to be conjugated via an innovative linker, to a highly toxic drug which is delivered to its target...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Annie R A McDougall, Vanny Wiradjaja, Aminath Azhan, Anqi Li, Nadia Hale, Mary E Wlodek, Stuart B Hooper, Megan J Wallace, Mary Tolcos
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major cause of antenatal brain injury. We aimed to characterize cerebellar deficits following IUGR and to investigate the potential underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. At embryonic day 18, pregnant rats underwent either sham surgery (controls; n = 23) or bilateral uterine vessel ligation to restrict blood flow to fetuses (IUGR; n = 20). Offspring were collected at postnatal day 2 (P2), P7, and P35. Body weights were reduced at P2, P7, and P35 in IUGR offspring (p < 0...
2017: Developmental Neuroscience
Xinxing Li, Shifeng Teng, Yanyan Zhang, Weigang Zhang, Xianwen Zhang, Kai Xu, Houshan Yao, Jun Yao, Haolu Wang, Xiaowen Liang, Zhiqian Hu
The human trophoblast cell surface antigen 2 (TROP2) is overexpressed in many cancers. However, its effect on proliferation, migration and metastasis of gallbladder cancer remains unclear. In this study, we found that TROP2 was highly expressed in gallbladder cancer. Overexpression of TROP2 was associated with poor prognosis. Knockdown of TROP2 in gallbladder cancer cell lines strongly inhibited the cell proliferation, clone formation, invasion and migration in vitro, while TROP2 overexpression had opposite effects...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
Kentaro Inamura, Yusuke Yokouchi, Maki Kobayashi, Hironori Ninomiya, Rie Sakakibara, Sophia Subat, Hiroko Nagano, Kimie Nomura, Sakae Okumura, Tomoko Shibutani, Yuichi Ishikawa
TROP2 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is overexpressed in various cancers. Emerging evidence suggests that TROP2-targeting therapies are efficacious and safe in patients with multiple prior treatments. TROP2 is a promising target for lung cancer treatment; however, little is known regarding the association of TROP2 expression with clinicopathological/molecular features, including prognosis, in lung cancer. We examined consecutive cases of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC), and high-grade neuroendocrine tumor (HGNET) for the membranous expression of TROP2 using immunohistochemistry...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
Shou-Chuan Shih, Tsung-Chuan Ho, Show-Li Chen, Yeou-Ping Tsao
Hepatic stem/progenitor cells (HPC) have been considered as a potential cell source of an alternative to liver transplantation. Production of large numbers of autologous HPC from small pieces of live tissue is crucial for the application of HPC-based liver therapy. In this study, we demonstrated that a synthetic 44-amino acid peptide (44-mer) derived from pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) can facilitate the production of a large number of actively dividing HPC from normal adult rat livers in a 35-day culture period...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Xiaobin Guo, Xiaoming Zhu, Limin Zhao, Xiao Li, Dongjun Cheng, Keqing Feng
Lung cancer, especially the non-small-cell lung cancer, is a highly aggressive vascular cancer with excessively activated signaling pathways. Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2, also known as trop2, was identified to be correlated with tumor proliferation and invasion of non-small-cell lung cancer; however, the biological role of trop2 in neovascularization of non-small-cell lung cancer remained elusive. In this study, we first verified that trop2 was overexpressed in non-small-cell lung cancer tissues as well as cell lines and that the increased expression of trop2 promoted non-small-cell lung cancer cell proliferation and invasion...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Jacob J Tokar, Jay W Warrick, David J Guckenberger, Jamie M Sperger, Joshua M Lang, J Scott Ferguson, David J Beebe
Although average survival rates for lung cancer have improved, earlier and better diagnosis remains a priority. One promising approach to assisting earlier and safer diagnosis of lung lesions is bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), which provides a sample of lung tissue as well as proteins and immune cells from the vicinity of the lesion, yet diagnostic sensitivity remains a challenge. Reproducible isolation of lung epithelia and multianalyte extraction have the potential to improve diagnostic sensitivity and provide new information for developing personalized therapeutic approaches...
June 2017: SLAS Technology
Wei Zhao, Guipeng Ding, Jinbo Wen, Qi Tang, Hongmei Yong, Huijun Zhu, Shu Zhang, Zhenning Qiu, Zhenqing Feng, Jin Zhu
Gastric cancer (GC) is a multistep and multistage disease and the majority of GC cells could overexpressed one or more oncogenes. Trop2 and amphiregulin (AREG) are both overexpressed in various epithelial cell cancers and have the role in the increases tumor cells division and metastasis. However, little is known about the function and correlation of two oncogenes coexpressed in GC. The expression level of these two genes in 791 cases of GC tissues were tested, the correlations between two genes expression and clinical pathological characteristics and overall survival in GC patients through immunohistochemistry (IHC) were analyzed...
May 2017: Cancer Medicine
Rachel M DeVay, Kathy Delaria, Guoyun Zhu, Charles Holz, Davide Foletti, Janette Sutton, Gary Bolton, Russell Dushin, Christine Bee, Jaume Pons, Arvind Rajpal, Hong Liang, David Shelton, Shu-Hui Liu, Pavel Strop
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) provide an efficacious and relatively safe means by which chemotherapeutic agents can be specifically targeted to cancer cells. In addition to the selection of antibody targets, ADCs offer a modular design that allows selection of ADC characteristics through the choice of linker chemistries, toxins, and conjugation sites. Many studies have indicated that release of toxins bound to antibodies via noncleavable linker chemistries relies on the internalization and intracellular trafficking of the ADC...
April 19, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Christoph Treese, Pedro Sanchez, Patricia Grabowski, Erika Berg, Hendrik Bläker, Martin Kruschewski, Oliver Haase, Michael Hummel, Severin Daum
BACKGROUND: 5-year survival rate in patients with early adenocarcinoma of the gastro-esophageal junction or stomach (AGE/S) in Caucasian patients is reported to be 60-80%. We aimed to identify prognostic markers for patients with UICC-I without lymph-node involvement (N0). METHODS: Clinical data and tissue specimen from patients with AGE/S stage UICC-I-N0, treated by surgery only, were collected retrospectively. Tumor size, lymphatic vessel or vein invasion, grading, classification systems (WHO, Lauren, Ming), expression of BAX, BCL-2, CDX2, Cyclin E, E-cadherin, Ki-67, TP53, TP21, SHH, Survivin, HIF1A, TROP2 and mismatch repair deficiency were analyzed using tissue microarrays and correlated with overall and tumor related survival...
2016: PloS One
Olga A Timofeeva, Nancy Palechor-Ceron, Guanglei Li, Hang Yuan, Ewa Krawczyk, Xiaogang Zhong, Geng Liu, Geeta Upadhyay, Aleksandra Dakic, Songtao Yu, Shuang Fang, Sujata Choudhury, Xueping Zhang, Andrew Ju, Myeong-Seon Lee, Han C Dan, Youngmi Ji, Yong Hou, Yun-Ling Zheng, Chris Albanese, Johng Rhim, Richard Schlegel, Anatoly Dritschilo, Xuefeng Liu
Our previous study demonstrated that conditional reprogramming (CR) allows the establishment of patient-derived normal and tumor epithelial cell cultures from a variety of tissue types including breast, lung, colon and prostate. Using CR, we have established matched normal and tumor cultures, GUMC-29 and GUMC-30 respectively, from a patient's prostatectomy specimen. These CR cells proliferate indefinitely in vitro and retain stable karyotypes. Most importantly, only tumor-derived CR cells (GUMC-30) produced tumors in xenografted SCID mice, demonstrating maintenance of the critical tumor phenotype...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
Qixiao Liu, Haijun Li, Qin Wang, Yuke Zhang, Wei Wang, Shuang Dou, Wei Xiao
BACKGROUND: The airway epithelium of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients undergoes aberrant repair and remodeling after repetitive injury following exposure to environmental factors. Abnormal airway regeneration observed in COPD is thought to originate in the stem/progenitor cells of the airway epithelium, the basal cells (BCs). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these changes remain unknown. Here, trophoblast cell surface antigen 2 (TROP2), a protein implicated in the regulation of stem cell activity, was examined in lung tissue samples from COPD patients...
November 25, 2016: Respiratory Research
Masahiro Ikeda, Kazunori Kato, Miki Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Hamada, Kazuyasu Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Sugimoto
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors affect the in vivo antitumor activity of antibody-based therapeutics; however, the influence of cell surface retention on antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is not fully understood. Here we evaluated the importance of cell surface antibody retention in antitumor activity mediated by ADCC in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two mAbs against tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TACSTD2/TROP2), AR47A6.4.2 and Pr1E11, were used...
2016: Anticancer Research
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