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Collagen dysfunction

Yajing Huo, Xuqing Wu, Jing Ding, Yang Geng, Weiwei Qiao, Anyan Ge, Cen Guo, Jianing Lv, Haifeng Bao, Wei Fan
Hyperhomocysteinemia, a risk factor for vascular disease, is associated with metabolic syndrome. Our study was aimed at exploring the effect of long-term hyperhomocysteinemia with metabolic disturbances on vascular remodeling. We also studied oxidative stress and expression of PPAR γ in the coronary arteriole as a possible mechanism underlying vascular remodeling. Rats were treated with standard rodent chow (Control) or diet enriched in methionine (Met) for 48 weeks. Plasma homocysteine, blood glucose, serum lipids, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and nitric oxide (NO) levels were measured...
2018: PPAR Research
Ayako Uchinaka, Maho Yoshida, Kiyoka Tanaka, Yoshinosuke Hamada, Seiji Mori, Yoshitaka Maeno, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yoshiki Sawa, Kohzo Nagata, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Naomasa Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling alters the contractile and relaxation properties and induces myocardial stiffness. As LV remodeling progresses, the amount of collagen type III (Col3) is gradually decreased, being replaced by collagen type I (Col1). We evaluated whether Col3 overexpression improved cardiac function and remodeling in a rat with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). We also investigated the functional motif and mechanism of thrombin-cleaved N-terminal osteopontin (N-OPN) on cardiac remodeling...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Zezhao Li, Zhen Hong, Zhiqing Peng, Yongcai Zhao, Rusheng Shao
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the major cause of end-stage renal disease in diabetic patients. Zicao, a well-known Chinese traditional medicine, has attracted much attention due to its beneficial effects in various medical fields. In this study, we attempted to investigate the effects and mechanisms of action of acetylshikonin, the main ingredient of Zicao, on renal dysfunction in DN. Our results showed that administration with acetylshikonin not only decreased blood urea nitrogen, urine creatinine and the mean kidney-to-body weight ratio in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, but also restored the loss of body weight, whereas the blood glucose was not changed...
March 17, 2018: Human Cell
Andrew R Kompa, Jiayu Lu, Thomas J Weller, Darren J Kelly, Henry Krum, Thomas G von Lueder, Bing H Wang
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNi) enhances beneficial natriuretic peptides by inhibiting their breakdown through neprilysin. Although the first-in-class ARNi sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) reduced mortality and morbidity in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (EF) compared to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi), mechanistic data on ARNi are scarce. ARNi may be superior to ACEi in attenuating adverse cardiac remodeling and dysfunction post-myocardial infarction (MI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Hyeon Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The development of an alternative medicine to treat atopic dermatitis (AD) from natural sources is necessary. AIMS: To improve skin barrier dysfunction by enhancing the differentiation of human keratinocytes with the fermented Scutellaria baicalensis. METHODS: Scutellaria baicalensis was fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum and extracted with 70% ethanol (FE). Antioxidant activities and the regulation of the gene expression related to keratinocyte differentiation were measured as well as its proliferation...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Bin Sheng, Youchao Yuan, Xiangyang Liu, Yi Zhang, Hongzhe Liu, Xiongjie Shen, Bin Liu, Lei Chang
Dysfunction of cartilaginous endplates (CEP) is an important etiologic aspect of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) because the endplate has nutritional and biomechanical functions in maintaining proper disc health. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of estrogen on degenerated human CEP cells and the involvement of miR-221 in these effects. Normal and degenerated human CEP tissues were collected from patients with idiopathic scoliosis and IDD, respectively. CEP cells were isolated from these tissues...
February 26, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Facundo Mendes Garrido Abregú, María Natalia Gobetto, Lorena Vanesa Juriol, Carolina Caniffi, Rosana Elesgaray, Analía Lorena Tomat, Cristina Arranz
Micronutrient malnutrition during intrauterine and postnatal growth may program cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. We examined whether moderate zinc restriction in male and female rats throughout fetal life, lactation and/or postweaning growth induces alterations that can predispose to the onset of vascular dysfunction in adulthood. Female Wistar rats were fed low- or control zinc diets from pregnancy to offspring weaning. After weaning, offspring were fed either a low- or a control zinc diet until 81 days...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Fang Qiu, Changjiang Dong, Yanxin Liu, Xiaoqi Shao, Di Huang, Yanna Han, Bing Wang, Yanli Liu, Rong Huo, Petro Paulo, Zhiren Zhang, Dan Zhao, Wen-Feng Chu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Protein modification by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart diseases. The present study was designed to determine whether ginkgolic acid (GA) as a SUMO-1 inhibitor exerts an inhibitory effect on cardiac fibrosis induced by myocardial infarction (MI). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: GA was delivered by osmotic pumps in MI mice. Masson staining, electron microscopy (EM) and echocardiography were used to assess cardiac fibrosis, ultrastructure and function...
March 7, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Michael Gold, Anneke Andriessen, Alexandros Bader, Red Alinsod, Elizabeth Shane French, Nathan Guerette, Yegor Kolodchenko, Michael Krychman, Susan Murrmann, Julene Samuels
INTRODUCTION: The use of energy-based devices for the treatment of vaginal laxity, orgasmic dysfunction, and stress incontinence, such as minimally ablative fractional laser and radiofrequency, is gaining momentum. This review aims to answer clinical questions on the application of energy-based devices for feminine genital rejuvenation. METHODS: The target group includes physicians involved in esthetic medicine and feminine genital rejuvenation. A literature review was conducted on technologies in use for feminine rejuvenation to explore their safety, efficacy, tolerability, patient satisfaction, and clinical usability...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
L Alberto Llacua, Arjan Hoek, Bart J de Haan, Paul de Vos
Collagens are the most abundant fibrous protein in the human body and constitute the main structural element of the extracellular matrix. It provides mechanical and physiological support for cells. In the pancreas, collagen VI content is more than double that of collagen I or IV. It is a major component of the islet-exocrine interface and could be involved in islet-cell survival. To test the impact of collagen VI on human encapsulated pancreatic islets-cells, we tested the effects of exogenous collagen type VI on in vitro functional survival of alginate encapsulated human islet-cells...
March 9, 2018: Islets
Necip Pirincci, Serkan Yıldırım, Abuzer Tas, Yagmur Kuscu, Tunc Ozan, Fatih Firdolas, Halit Demir, Ahmet Karakeci
OBJECTIVES: Prolidase plays a vital role in collagen turnover, matrix remodeling and cell growth. We aimed to evaluate the association between treatment with chorionic gonadotropin and infertility and erectile dysfunction, by investigating tissue prolidase activity, oxidative stress and levels of antioxidant enzymes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen (16) male Wistar albino rats used in this study were randomly divided into two groups: rats treated with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and control rats (n = 8 in each group)...
March 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Zhi-Hua Wan, Guo-Hao Li, Yong-Lian Guo, Wen-Zhou Li, Lin Chen, Yuan-Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cavernous nerve injury (CNI) causes fibrosis and loss of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the corpus cavernosum and leads to erectile dysfunction, and lysyl oxidase (LOX) activation has been found to play an important role in fibrotic diseases. AIM: To evaluate the role of LOX in penile fibrosis after bilateral CNI (BCNI). METHODS: Rats underwent BCNI or a sham operation and were treated with vehicle or β-aminopropionitrile, a specific LOX activity inhibitor...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Yiqun Bian, Hao Wang, Shui Sun
Osteoarthritis (OA), characterized by pain and stiffness, swelling, deformity and dysfunction of joints, affects large numbers of population. The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of taurine in human OA chondrocytes and explore the underlying mechanisms. 46 patients with different grades of OA were recruited. Of these patients, 24 underwent total knee replacement and cartilages were harvested. The mRNA expressions of type II collagen (Collagen II) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers (GRP78, GADD153 and Caspase-12) in cartilages were quantified by qRT-PCR...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
María E Soto, Verónica Guarner-Lans, Karla Y Herrera-Morales, Israel Pérez-Torres
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a pleiotropic genetic disease involving the cardiovascular system where a fibrillin-1 mutation is present. This mutation is associated with accelerated activation of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ1) which contributes to the formation of aneurysms in the root of the aorta. There is an imbalance in the synthesis of thromboxane A2 (TXA2 ) and prostacyclin, that is a consequence of a differential protein expression of the isoforms of cyclooxygenases (COXs), suggesting an alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Arti V Shinde, Ya Su, Brad A Palanski, Kana Fujikura, Mario J Garcia, Nikolaos G Frangogiannis
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a multifunctional protein with a wide range of enzymatic and non-enzymatic functions. We have recently demonstrated that tTG expression is upregulated in the pressure-overloaded myocardium and exerts fibrogenic actions promoting diastolic dysfunction, while preventing chamber dilation. Our current investigation dissects the in vivo and in vitro roles of the enzymatic effects of tTG on fibrotic remodeling in pressure-overloaded myocardium. Using a mouse model of transverse aortic constriction, we demonstrated perivascular and interstitial tTG activation in the remodeling pressure-overloaded heart...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Beutline Malgija, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Shanmughavel Piramanayagam
Myocardial fibrosis reside a common pathological feature in hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy that results in ventricular dysfunction leading to heart failure. Though several studies reported the role of fibrosis in cardiac diseases, their pathologic mechanisms leading to heart failure remains unclear. A few studies have proposed integrated analysis of microarray information and protein-protein interaction (PPI) systems to discover subnetwork markers related to diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. In addition to PPI networks, we incorporated miRNAs and transcription factors to find the putative miRNAs and transcription factors that might regulate the pathological process and progression of cardiomyopathy and their further progression to heart failure...
February 10, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
W Shen, X-X Jiang, Y-W Li, Q He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of mitochondria-mediated fatty acid metabolism in proximal tubule cells in renal interstitial fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intraperitoneal injection of folate was performed to induce renal interstitial fibrosis in mice. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COX4IL) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 1 (PCK1) in samples. Electron microscope was used to detect the activity of mitochondria...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Soni Deshwal, Marleen Forkink, Chou-Hui Hu, Guido Buonincontri, Salvatore Antonucci, Moises Di Sante, Michael P Murphy, Nazareno Paolocci, Daria Mochly-Rosen, Thomas Krieg, Fabio Di Lisa, Nina Kaludercic
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors ameliorate contractile function in diabetic animals, but the mechanisms remain unknown. Equally elusive is the interplay between the cardiomyocyte alterations induced by hyperglycemia and the accompanying inflammation. Here we show that exposure of primary cardiomyocytes to high glucose and pro-inflammatory stimuli leads to MAO-dependent increase in reactive oxygen species that causes permeability transition pore opening and mitochondrial dysfunction. These events occur upstream of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and are abolished by the MAO inhibitor pargyline, highlighting the role of these flavoenzymes in the ER/mitochondria cross-talk...
February 19, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Nathalie Thorin-Trescases, Olivia de Montgolfier, Anthony Pinçon, Adeline Raignault, Laurie Caland, Pauline Labbé, Eric Thorin
Aging is a modern concept: human life expectancy has more than doubled in less than 150 years in Western countries. Longer lifespan, however, reveals age-related diseases, including cerebrovascular diseases. The vascular system is a prime target of aging: the "wear and tear" of large elastic arteries exposed to a life-long pulsatile pressure causes arterial stiffening by fragmentation of elastin fibers and replacement by stiffer collagen. This arterial stiffening increases in return the amplitude of the pulse pressure (PP), its wave penetrating deeper into the microcirculation of low resistance, high flow organs such as the brain...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
S Becerril, A Rodríguez, V Catalán, L Méndez-Giménez, B Ramírez, N Sáinz, M Llorente, X Unamuno, J Gómez-Ambrosi, G Frühbeck
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is related to a dynamic extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, which involves the synthesis and degradation of different proteins, such as tenascin C (TNC) in the adipose tissue (AT). Given the functional relationship between leptin and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), our aim was to analyze the impact of the absence of the iNOS gene in AT inflammation and ECM remodeling in ob/ob mice. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The expression of genes involved in inflammation and ECM remodeling was evaluated in 10-week-old male double knockout (DBKO) mice simultaneously lacking the ob and iNOS genes as well as in ob/ob mice classified into three groups [control, leptin-treated (1 mg kg -1 day -1 ) and pair-fed]...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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